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Carnallite

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Formula:
KMgCl3 · 6H2O
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Yellow to white, ...
Hardness:
Name:
After Rudolf von Carnall (1804-1874), Prussian mining engineer.
This page provides mineralogical data about Carnallite.

Classification of Carnallite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
3.BA.10

3 : HALIDES
B : Simple halides, with H2O
A : M:X = 1:1 and 2:3
11.1.2.1

11 : HALIDE COMPLEXES
1 : AmBX3
8.4.5

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
4 : Halides of the alkaline earths and Mg
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First Recorded Occurrence of Carnallite

Year of Discovery:
1856
Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
Upper layers of saline deposits of the marine type.
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Occurrences of Carnallite

Geological Setting:
Saline marine deposits by action of high potash fluids.

Physical Properties of Carnallite

Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Yellow to white, reddish, seldom white, colourless or blue.
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
1.602 g/cm3 (Measured)    1.598 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Carnallite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pnna
Cell Parameters:
a = 16.119(3) Å, b = 22.472(4) Å, c = 9.551(2) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.717 : 1 : 0.425
Unit Cell Volume:
V 3,459.62 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
12
Morphology:
Crystals pseudo-hexagonal, pyramidal in habit, due to the substantially equant development of pyramids and brachydomes. Thick tabular with large {0001} at times. Massive, granular.
Twinning:
Secondary twinning lamellae. May exhibit polysynthetic twinning.

Epitaxial Relationships of Carnallite

Epitaxial Minerals:
Epitaxi Comments:
Hematite scales oriented with {0001} parallel to carnallite {001}, also parallel {110} or {100}.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Carnallite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.465 - 1.466 nβ = 1.474 - 1.475 nγ = 1.494 - 1.496
2V:
Measured: 70° , Calculated: 66°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.029 - 0.030
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v

Chemical Properties of Carnallite

Formula:
KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Br,Rb,Cs,Tl,Fe

Relationship of Carnallite to other Species

8.4.1SellaiteMgF2
8.4.2NeighboriteNaMgF3
8.4.3BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2O
8.4.4KorshunovskiteMg2Cl(OH)3 · 4H2O
8.4.6TachyhydriteCaMg2Cl6 · 12H2O
8.4.7FluoriteCaF2
8.4.8SinjariteCaCl2 · 2H2O
8.4.9AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2O
8.4.10ChlorocalciteKCaCl3
8.4.11RorisiteCaFCl
8.4.12JarliteNa(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2
8.4.13CalcjarliteNa(Ca,Sr)3Al3(OH)2F14
8.4.14TikhonenkoviteSr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]
8.4.15AcuminiteSr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]
8.4.16FrankdicksoniteBaF2
8.4.17UsoviteBa2CaMgAl2F14
8.4.18BøgvaditeNa2SrBa2Al4F20

Other Names for Carnallite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:光卤石
Spanish:Carnallita
Traditional Chinese:光鹵石

Other Information

Other Information:
Deliquescent. Soluble in water. The evaporated solution yields sylvite and bischofite.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Carnallite

Reference List:
Rose (1856) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 98: 161.

Erdmann (1862) Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 86: 377.

Hammerbacher (1875) Ann. Chem. Pharm.: 172: 82.

Kleinfeldt analysis in: Bücking (1901) Ak. Berlin, Sitzber.: 539.

Przibylla (1904) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 236.

Busz (1907) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart, Festband: 126.

Johnsen (1907) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart, Beil. Bd., 23: 252.

Boeke (1908) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 45: 369, 384.

Ruff (1908) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: II: 9.

Biltz and Marcus (1909) Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, Hamburg, Leipzig: 62: 184.

Johnsen (1909) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 169.

Boeke (1911) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 52.

Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen: 2: 105.

Doelter, C. (1928) Handbuch der Mineral-chemie: 4(2): 1187, 1191.

Leonhardt (1928) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 66: 506.

Jander and Busch (1930) Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, Hamburg, Leipzig: 194: 38.

Schaller and Henderson (1932), USGS Bull. 833: 22.

Andress and Saffe (1939) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 101: 451.

King (1946) Journal of Sedimentary Petrology: 16: 14.

Lindberg (1946) American Mineralogist: 31: 486.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 92-94.

American Mineralogist (1985): 70: 1309-1313.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1997) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume III. Halides, Hydroxides, Oxides. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 628pp.: 102.

Internet Links for Carnallite

Specimens:
The following Carnallite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Carnallite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Belarus
 
  • Homyel' Province (Gomel)
Russian Journal of Earth Sciences Vol. 6, No. 3, June 2004
  • Minsk Province
    • Pripyat Depression
Russian Journal of Earth Sciences Vol. 6, No. 3, June 2004
Bolivia
 
  • Tarija Department
    • O'Connor Province
      • Entre Rios
Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
Brazil
 
da Silva, M. A., Schreiber, B. C., & dos Santos, C. L. (2000). Evaporitos Como Recursos Minerais. Brazilian Journal of Geophysics, 18, 3.
    • Rosário do Catete
http://www.cetem.gov.br/publicacao/CTs/CT2002-158-00.pdf
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Elice RM
B.B. Bannatyne (1983) Devonian Potash Deposits in Manitoba. Manitoba Geological Survey Open File Report 83-3
B.B. Bannatyne (1983) Devonian Potash Deposits in Manitoba. Manitoba Geological Survey Open File Report 83-3
  • New Brunswick
    • Kings Co.
      • Studholm Parish
Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1469-1487.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Pugwash
R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
  • Québec
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • Les Îles-de-la-Madeleine TE
        • Grosse Île
Sabina, A.P. (2003) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Îles de la Madeleine, Québec, the Island of Newfoundland, and Labrador. GSC Misc. Report 58, 19-21p.
  • Saskatchewan
Joel Grice (1989) Famous Mineral Localities of Canada. Fitzhenry & Whiteside, Markham Ontario 190pp
    • Rocanville
G. W. Robinson, V. King (1993) Whats New in Minerals. Mineralogical Record 24:381-395
China
 
  • Qinghai Province
    • Hainan Autonomous Prefecture
Sun Da-peng, Li Bing-xiao, Ma Yua-hua, and Lin Qun-zhu (2002): Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12; Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.)
Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275; Tan Hongbing, Ma Haizhou, Xiao Yingkai, Wei Haizhen, and Zhang Xiying (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 48(11), 1913-1920
      • Dulan Co.
John K. Warren, Evaporites through time: Tectonic, climatic and eustatic controls in marine and nonmarine deposits, Earth-Science Reviews, Volume 98, Issues 3–4, February 2010, Pages 217-268,
      • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
Dongsheng Hu (1990): Scientia Geologica Sinica 3(7), 259-268; Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275; Dongsheng Hu (1995): Journal of Lake Sciences 7(4), 327-333
Botao Li, Yuanyi Zhao, Zuohua Qian, Pengcheng Jiao, Chenglin Liu, and Shijun Wang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(4), 669-683; Yuanyi Zhao, Botao Li, Pengcheng Jiao, Zuohua Qian, and Weishi Chen (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(4), 684-696
Jianqi Yuan and Zhenhao Duan (1989): Earth Science, Journal of China University of Geosciences 14(5), 553-562; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Jianqi Yuan and Zhenhao Duan (1989): Earth Science, Journal of China University of Geosciences 14(5), 553-562
      • Lenghu Co.
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275
Xiying Zhang, Haizhou Ma, Donglin Gao, Minggang Zhang, and Tao Wang (2007): Journal of Salt Lake Research 15(2), 12-20.
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
      • Mangnai Co. (Mangya Co.)
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Mili Wang, Yijie Wang, Chenglin Liu, and Yongzhi Chen (1993): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 15(1); Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Yuhua Chen, Heran Yuan, and Zhiyue Du (1998): Geological Review 44(1), 100-105
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
      • Kuqa Co. (Kuche Co.; Kuchar Co.)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
Lichun Ma, Baoguo Li, Pingan Jiang, Junping Zhong, Jiandong Sheng, Honglie Qiu, and Hongqi Wu (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(4), 616-624
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
      • Tulufan Co. (Turfan Co.; Turpan Co.)
        • Turfan basin (Turpan basin)
Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
  • Yunnan Province
    • Pu'er Prefecture
      • Jiangcheng Co.
Xiaosong Xu and Jialing Wu (1983): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 5(1); Weihao Yue, Jianguo Gao, Yuncan Li, Yinghui Liu, and Xinkai Liu (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(5), 809-822
Ethiopia
 
  • Afar Province
    • Danakil depression
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 94.
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Werra valley
      • Heringen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Phillippsthal
No reference listed
  • Lower Saxony
    • Celle
      • Hänigsen
Bode "Mineralien und Fundstellen BRD" from 1989 ISBN 3-925094-24-5 Pg.9
      • Wathlingen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Göttingen
      • Reyershausen
Niemann, H. (1960): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 7, 137-165.
    • Hanover
      • Lehrte
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Hildesheim
      • Giesen
Aufschluss 1987(4), 114
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Solling
      • Volpriehausen
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 87.
    • Vienenburg
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Börde
      • Morsleben
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Sachsen-Anhalt/B%C3%B6rde/Morsleben/Schacht%20Bartensleben
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Sachsen-Anhalt/B%C3%B6rde/Morsleben/Schacht%20Marie
    • Querfurt
No reference listed
    • Stassfurt Potash Deposit
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 434.
      • Egeln
        • Tarthun
No reference listed
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 94, 388.
Palache, Berman & Frondel (1951) Dana's System of Mineralogy, 7th ed., vol. II: 94; Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Naumann, Zirkel: "Elemente der Mineralogie", 13th Ed., 1898; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 94, 380.
  • Thuringia
Effmert, G.; Wurth, L. (2007): Bleicherode, Thüringen: Ein Feuerwerk von Gips-Kristallen, Mineralien-Welt 6/2007, p.42-47.
Horst, U. (1989): Der Aufschluss 40, 115-120
Effmert, G. & Wurth, L. (2007). Bleicherode, Thüringen: Ein Feuerwerk von Gips-Kristallen. Min.-Welt, Jg.18, Nr.6, S.42-47.
http://www.harzergruben.de/Kali/Bernterode/bernterode_neu.htm
BOEKE, H.E. (1909): Rinneit, ein neugefundenes eisenchlorürhaltiges Salzmineral.- Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 72-75
Leon Hupperichs Collection
    • Sondershausen
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaliwerk_Gl%C3%BCckauf_Sondershausen
    • Thuringian Forest
      • Merkers-Kieselbach
Iceland
 
  • Vestmannaeyjar archipelago (Westman islands)
    • Surtsey Island
Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Italy
 
  • Sicily
    • Agrigento Province (Girgenti Province)
      • Racalmuto
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    • Caltanissetta Province
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    • Enna Province
      • Enna (Castrogiovanni)
Montrasio A., Sciesa E., Vignola P. (1997): Collezionare minerali. Ed. Hobby & Work, Milano, 800 pp.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Province (Aqtöbe Oblysy; Aktubinskaya Oblast')
    • Aksai Valley
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Atyrau Province (Atyrau Oblysy; Atyrau Oblast')
    • Atyrau (Gur'yev)
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
Laos
 
  • Khammouan Province (Khammouane Province)
    • Thakhek
Xiying Zhang, Haizhou Ma, Hongbing Tan, Donglin Gao, Binkai Li, Mingxiang Wang, Qiliang Tang, and Xiaolong Yuan (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(4), 713-721
Netherlands
 
  • Gelderland
    • Winterswijk
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
  • Groningen
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Manawatu-Wanganui
      • Tongariro National Park
        • Mt Ruapehu
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Poland
 
  • Kujawsko-Pomorskie
    • Inowrocław
Praszkier, T. (2010): Mineralien aus dem ehemaligen Salzbergwerk "Solno" bei Inowrocław. Mineralien-Welt 21 (6), 32-43.
  • Wielkopolskie
Jirásek, J.: Solný důl Kłodawa (Polsko). Minerál, 2004, roč. 12, č. 2, s. 98-102. ISSN 1213-0710 (excerpted from unpublished thesis Hanczke, T.: Mineralogia i petrografia soli czechstyńskich kopalni "Kłodawa". Doktroská práce, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, Instytut nauk geologicznych, 1967.)
Portugal
 
  • Faro District
    • Loulé
      • São Clemente
11.1.2.1
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
 
  • Kouilou Department
www.uoguelph.ca/~geology/rocks_for_crops/20congo_rep.PDF
Henry Rauche (2009) Updated Reserve and Resource Estimate for MagMinerals Kouilou Potash Project, Republic of Congo
Russia
 
  • Central Region
    • Moscow Oblast' (Moskovskaya Oblast')
Pekin, A. (2011) Minerals of Moscow. Russian Journal of General Chemistry. Jun2011, Vol. 81 Issue 6, p1381-1391.
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Lena-Angara salt Basin
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Lower Tunguska
          • Nepa River basin
Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
        • Zheleznogorsk
Mazurov, M.P., Grishina, S.N., Istomin, V.E., and Titov, A.T. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 271-284.; Mazurov et al (2007) Geology of Ore Deposits, 49, 271–284.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
      • Tolbachik volcano
        • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
          • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
            • Second scoria cone
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
  • Povolzhsky Region
    • Saratov Oblast'
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 94.
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Permskaya Oblast'
        • Kama river
          • Solikamsk
P.M. Kartashov data
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Bages
        • Balsareny
Carles Curto Milà.
        • Cardona
Calvo, M. (2006): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. III, Halogenuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 267 pp
- Calvo, M. (2006): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. III, Halogenuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 267 pp
        • Sallent de Llobregat
- Calvo, M. (2006): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. III, Halogenuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 267 pp
        • Suria
- Calvo, M. (2006): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. III, Halogenuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 267 pp
Turkmenistan
 
  • Lebap Province
    • Chardzhou
      • Gaurdak basin (Gaurdok basin)
Yongsheng Zhang, Mianping Zheng, Wen Qi, Hao Li, and Renjie Xiang (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(6), 692-696
Yongsheng Zhang, Mianping Zheng, Wen Qi, Hao Li, and Renjie Xiang (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(6), 692-696
UK
 
  • England
    • Humberside
      • Offshore
        • Block 47/3
    • North Yorkshire
      • Eskdale
Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
      • Loftus
UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, No. 14 p4-7
Ukraine
 
  • Ivano-Frankivs'k Oblast' (Ivanovo-Frankovsk Oblast')
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 94, 478.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Apache & Navajo Cos.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 155; Peirce, H.W. (1969), Salines, in Mineral and water resources of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 180: 417-424.
  • Colorado
    • Park Co.
      • South Park
        • Antero Junction
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Michigan
    • Newaygo Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Wayne Co.
      • Detroit
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • New Mexico
    • Eddy and Lea Counties
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
    • Eddy Co.
      • Carlsbad Potash District
SIMMONS, P.S. (2013)The Carlsbad Potash Basin, Carlsbad, New Mexico. Mineralogical Record, 44 (1), 13-49.
Van King
Jeff Weissman
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Grand Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Crescent Eagle
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Interriver District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Mineral Canyon Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Seven Mile District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Thompsons District (S. E. Thomsons)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • Moab District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Paradox Valley
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Bonneville Salt Flats
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Great Salt Lake Desert
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Leppy Range
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Salt Flats
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Silver Island Mts
        • Silver Island District (Silver Islet District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Mineral and/or Locality  
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