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Carrollite

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Formula:
Cu(Co,Ni)
 
2
S
 
4
System:IsometricColour:Bright Silver color
Lustre:MetallicHardness:4½ - 5½
Member of:Linnaeite Group > Thiospinel Group
Name:Named in 1852 by William Leonard Faber after the type locality in Carroll County, Maryland, USA.
Isostructural with:Linnaeite

Classification of Carrollite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Explanation of status:Chemically verified by Craig, J. R., Vaughan, D. J., and Higgins, J. B., 1979, Phase Relations in the Cu-Co-S System and Mineral Associations of the Carrollite (CuCo2S4) - Linnaeite (Co3S4) Series, Economic Geology, 74:657-671.
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/D.01-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.DA.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
A : M:S = 3:4
Dana 8th edition ID:2.10.1.2

2 : SULFIDES
10 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.10.18

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
10 : Sulphides etc. of Co
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Type Occurrence of Carrollite

Type Locality:Patapsco mine (Finksburg Mine; Orchard Mine), Patapsco Mines, Finksburg, Sykesville, Carroll Co., Maryland, USA

Occurrences of Carrollite

Geological Setting:In hydrothermal vein deposits

Physical Properties of Carrollite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Comment:very bright
Colour:Bright Silver color
Comment:Rarely tarnishes to copper red or violet gray
Streak:Gray black
Hardness (Mohs):4½ - 5½
Hardness (Vickers):VHN100=507 - 586 kg/mm2
Tenacity:Very brittle
Cleavage:None Observed
Parting:poor on {001}
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal, Sub-Conchoidal
Density (measured):4.5 - 4.8 g/cm3
Density (calculated):4.83 g/cm3

Crystallography of Carrollite

Crystal System:Isometric
Class (H-M):m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:Fd3m
Space Group Setting:Fd3m
Cell Parameters:a = 9.48Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 851.97 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:8
Morphology:Octahedral and cubic crystals, massive, granular, compact
Twinning:{111} polysynthetic
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Carrollite

Type:Isotropic
Pleochroism:Non-pleochroic
Comments:R = 41.8 (540 nm)

Chemical Properties of Carrollite

Formula:
Cu(Co,Ni)
 
2
S
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Essential elements:Co, Cu, S
All elements listed in formula:Co, Cu, Ni, S

Relationship of Carrollite to other Species

Member of:Linnaeite Group > Thiospinel Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Bornhardtite
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
Se
 
4
Cadmoindite
CdIn
 
2
S
 
4
Cuproiridsite
(Cu,Fe)Ir
 
2
S
 
4
Cuprokalininite
CuCr
 
2
S
 
4
Cuprorhodsite
(Cu,Fe)Rh
 
2
S
 
4
Daubréelite
Fe
2+
 
Cr
3+
2
S
 
4
Ferrorhodsite
(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)
 
2
S
 
4
Fletcherite
Cu(Ni,Co)
 
2
S
 
4
Florensovite
(Cu,Zn)Cr
 
1.5
Sb
 
0.5
S
 
4
Greigite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
S
 
4
Indite
FeIn
 
2
S
 
4
Kalininite
ZnCr
 
2
S
 
4
Linnaeite
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
S
 
4
Malanite
Cu(Pt
3+
 
,Ir
3+
 
)
 
2
S
 
4
Polydymite
Ni
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
Siegenite
CoNi
 
2
S
 
4
-NiCo
 
2
S
 
4
Trüstedtite
Ni
 
3
Se
 
4
Tyrrellite
Cu(Co
3+
 
,Ni
3+
 
)
 
2
Se
 
4
Violarite
Fe
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
Xingzhongite
(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)
 
2
S
 
4
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.DA.05Bornhardtite
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
Se
 
4
2.DA.05Cuproiridsite
(Cu,Fe)Ir
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Cuprorhodsite
(Cu,Fe)Rh
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Daubréelite
Fe
2+
 
Cr
3+
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Fletcherite
Cu(Ni,Co)
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Florensovite
(Cu,Zn)Cr
 
1.5
Sb
 
0.5
S
 
4
2.DA.05Greigite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Indite
FeIn
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Kalininite
ZnCr
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Linnaeite
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Malanite
Cu(Pt
3+
 
,Ir
3+
 
)
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Polydymite
Ni
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Siegenite
CoNi
 
2
S
 
4
-NiCo
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Trüstedtite
Ni
 
3
Se
 
4
2.DA.05Tyrrellite
Cu(Co
3+
 
,Ni
3+
 
)
 
2
Se
 
4
2.DA.05Violarite
Fe
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Xingzhongite
(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Ferrorhodsite
(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Cadmoindite
CdIn
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Cuprokalininite
CuCr
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.10Rhodostannite
Cu
 
2
FeSn
 
3
S
 
8
2.DA.10Toyohaite
Ag
 
2
FeSn
 
3
S
 
8
2.DA.15Brezinaite
Cr
 
3
S
 
4
2.DA.15Heideite
(Fe,Cr)
 
1.15
(Ti,Fe)
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.20Inaglyite
Cu
 
3
Pb(Ir,Pt)
 
8
S
 
16
2.DA.20Konderite
Cu
 
3
Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)
 
8
S
 
16
2.DA.25Kingstonite
(Rh,Ir,Pt)
 
3
S
 
4
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.10.1Cobaltpentlandite
(Co,Ni,Fe)
 
9
S
 
8
3.10.2Linnaeite
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
S
 
4
3.10.3Cattierite
CoS
 
2
3.10.4Freboldite
CoSe
3.10.5Bornhardtite
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
Se
 
4
3.10.6Trogtalite
CoSe
 
2
3.10.7Hastite
3.10.8Mattagamite
CoTe
 
2
3.10.9Modderite
(Co,Fe)As
3.10.10Safflorite
CoAs
 
2
3.10.11Clinosafflorite
CoAs
 
2
3.10.12Skutterudite
(Co,Fe,Ni)As
 
2-3
3.10.13Cobaltite
CoAsS
3.10.14Paracostibite
CoSbS
3.10.15Costibite
CoSbS
3.10.16Alloclasite
Co
 
1-x
Fe
 
x
AsS
3.10.17Glaucodot
(Co
 
0.50
Fe
 
0.50
)AsS

Other Names for Carrollite

Synonyms:
CarroliteCorroliteSychnodymite
Other Languages:
German:Carrolit
Carrollit
Corrolit
Russian:Карролит
Simplified Chinese:硫铜钴矿
硫钴铜矿
Spanish:Carrolita
Carrollita
Corrolita

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:not fluorescent
Other Information:May have exsolution lamellae with slightly higher Fe composition than the matrix. Riley, J. F., 1980, Ferroan carrollites, cobaltian violarites, and other members of the Linnaeite group: (Co,Ni,Fe,Cu)3S4, Mineralogical Magazine, 43:733-739.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:Cobalt ore

References for Carrollite

Reference List:

- +
Faber, W. L., 1852, On Carrollite, a new Cobalt Mineral, American Journal of Science, second series, 13:418-419.

Laspeyres (1891), Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 19: 17.

De Jong, W.F. and Hoog, A. (1928) Carrollite (sychnodymite). Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 66: 168-171.

Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 733.

Riley, J. F., 1980, Ferroan carrollites, cobaltian violarites, and other members of the Linnaeite group: (Co,Ni,Fe,Cu)3S4, Mineralogical Magazine, 43:733-739.

Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (1999): Carrollite and related minerals of the linnaeite group: solid solutions and nomenclature in light of new data from the Siegerland district, Germany. Canadian Mineralogist 37:545–558.

King, Van and Robert L. Morgan
(2005) Crystallograpy of Carrollite from the Kamoya South II mine, Democratic Republic of Congo, Program and Abstracts 32nd Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Rochester, NY, USA, p. 18-19.

Weiss, S.
(2006): Carrollit, Dolomit, Nickelin, Sphärocobaltit und Baryt aus der Provinz Shaba, Kongo. LAPIS 31 (9), 44-46 (in German).

King, Van T. and Morgan, Robert L.
(2008) Etching of Carrollite from the Kamoya South II Mine, Katanga, Democratic Republic Of Congo, Program and Abstracts 35th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, p. 27-28.

Gauthier, Gilbert, King, Van, and Morgan, Robert, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine, Katanga, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mineralogical Record, (in press).

Internet Links for Carrollite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Carrollite on Google
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Carrollite on Webmineral
  • Look for Carrollite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Carrollite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Carrollite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Carrollite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • Search for Carrollite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Buy rare minerals from Excalibur Minerals
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Carrollite specimens
  • Buy minerals from YourMineralCollection
  • Find Carrollite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • Top quality minerals from Kristalle of California
  • Buy fine minerals and gemstones from Pala International
  • Fine and rare minerals from mintreasure.com
  • Carrollite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Specimens:The following Carrollite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Carrollite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • Northern Territory
      • Coomalie Shire
        • Batchelor
          • Rum Jungle
    D.A.Berkman (1968) The Geology of the Rum Jungle Uranium Deposit. Symposium on Uranium in Australia pg. 12-31
    • South Australia
      • Stuart Shelf
        • Andamooka Ranges
    Davidson, G. J. et al. (2007): Economic Geology 102, 1471-1498.
        • Pernatty Lagoon
          • Mount Gunson Copper mines (Pernatty Lagoon - Mount Gunson Cu Deposits)
    Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., 1983, Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide.; Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., 1983, Catalogue of South Australian Minerals:1983, Government Printer, Adelaide.
    Hartley 1990
    Hartley 1990
        • Roxby Downs
    Roberts, D.E., Hudson, G.R.T., and Li, Z. (1984): Geology and Prospecting 20(7), 32-37, 51; USGS Open File Report 81-1666
      • Yorke Peninsula
        • Moonta
    Morales-Ruano, S., Both, R.A., Golding, S.D. (2002) A fluid inclusion and stable isotope study of the Moonta copper-gold deposits, South Australia: evidence for fluid immiscibility in a magmatic hydrothermal system. Chemical Geology, Vol. 192, pg. 211-226.
    Morales-Ruano, S., Both, R.A., Golding, S.D. (2002) A fluid inclusion and stable isotope study of the Moonta copper-gold deposits, South Australia: evidence for fluid immiscibility in a magmatic hydrothermal system. Chemical Geology, Vol. 192, pg. 211-226.
    • Western Australia
      • Coolgardie Shire
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
          • Kambalda Nickel mines
    Ostwald, J.(1978): Linnaeite Series Minerals from the kalgoorlie District western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine (Mar 1978):42:93-98
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Karawanken
        • Finkenstein
          • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
    A.Pichler (2003)
    J. Taucher: Carinthia II 188./108.:377-392 (1998)
    Azerbaijan
     
    • Daşkəsən District (Daskasan; Dashkyasan)
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Brazil
     
    • Pará
      • Carajás mineral province
        • Curionópolis
    Villas, R.N., and Dias Santos, M. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 300-331
    Bulgaria
     
    • Pazardzhik Oblast (Pazardjik Oblast)
      • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
        • Panagyurishte
    Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155
    • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
      • Zlatitsa Obshtina
        • Zlatitsa
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Osoyoos Mining Division
        • Peachland
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Ontario
      • Cochrane District
        • Timmins area
          • Kidd Township
    ontariominerals.com; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484; Canadian Mineralogist (1984) 22 (2), 227-232
      • Kenora District
        • Kapkichi Lake Area
    Can Mineral 1984 22: 13-21
    Chile
     
    • Atacama Region
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
      • Huasco Province
        • Carrizal Alto district
    A. H. Clark (1974): "Hypogene and Superegene Cobalt-Copper sulfides, Carrizal Alto, Atacama, Chile": AM, vol. 59, pp. 302-306
    China
     
    • Anhui Province
      • Chuzhou Prefecture
        • Langya District
    Li, Y. and Qing, C.K. (1999): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 19, 426–435.
      • Tongling Prefecture
        • Fenghuangshan ore field
    Yi Li and Youbin Liang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(11), 29-33
    • Guangdong Province
      • Meizhou Prefecture
        • Mei Co.
    Binghui Chen, Rui Guo, and Shouyun Yu (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(3), 20-25
    • Hainan Province (Hainan Island)
      • Changjiang Co.
    Jinjie Yu, Junping Ren, Fuxiong Chen, Yonghui Wang, Jiang Liang, and Linrui Che (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 884-898
    • Hebei Province
      • Baoding Prefecture
        • Laiyuan Co.
          • Futuyu-Mujicun ore field
    Qijia Zang (1984): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 1984(1), 74-77.
      • Chengde Prefecture
        • Chengde Co.
          • Damiao village
    Yu Zuxiang (1997): Acta Geologia Sinica 71(4), 329-331.
    Yaowu Ren and Qianwen Cao (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 28-30
        • Fengning Co.
    Yu Zuxiang, Lin Shujen, Chao Pao, Fang Chingsung, and Huang Chishun (1974): Acta Geologica Sinica 48(2), 202-218
    Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15
      • Tangshan Prefecture
        • Zunhua Co.
          • Malan river valley
    Yu Zuxiang (1981): Geological Review 27, 55-71.
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Shangrao Prefecture
        • Dexing Co.
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
            • Dexing copper mine
    Kuanglin Yan (1978): Geology and Prospecting 14(4), 8-16
    • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Chaoyang Prefecture
        • Chaoyang Co.
    Guilin Metallurgical Institute of Geology (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(2), 27; Fan, D., Ye, J., and Li, J. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 31-53
    • Qinghai Province
      • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
        • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
    Zhang Dequan, Wang Yan, Feng Chengyou, Li Daxin, Yan Shenghao, and Cui Yanhe (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(3), 213-222
    • Shanxi Province
      • Yuncheng Prefecture
        • Yuanqu Co.
          • Zhongtiaoshan ore field
    Yongrui Zhao and Yunqing Zhen (2006): Journal of Guilin University of Technology 26(3), 310-319
    Yongrui Zhao and Yunqing Zhen (2006): Journal of Guilin University of Technology 26(3), 310-319
    http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1060/PorCu.txt
    • Sichuan Province
      • Ya'an Prefecture
        • Hanyuan Co.
    Fan, D., Hein, J.R., and Ye, J. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 135-151.
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
        • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
    Kezhang Qin, Lianchang Zhang, Kuishou Ding, Yingxia Xu, Dongmei Jang, Xingwang Xu, Tianlin Ma, and Guangming Li (2009): Acta Petrologica Sinica 15(4), 845-861
    • Yunnan Province
      • Chuxiong Autonomous Prefecture
        • Wuding Co.
          • Luoci Cu ore field
    Yongbei Zhang, Shihua Sun, Chengyan Xu, Hao Wang, Chongsun Zhao, and Zhihua Zhu (2003): Resource Geology 53(4), 261-272.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Liberec Region
    Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Katanga (Shaba)
      • Katanga Copper Crescent
        • Kambove District
    Gauthier, G., King, V., and Morgan, R., in press, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine.
    Paul De Bondt collection; Cailteux, J. L. H., Kampunzu, A. B., Lerouge, C., Kaputo, A. K., & Milesi, J. P. (2005). Genesis of sediment-hosted stratiform copper–cobalt deposits, central African Copperbelt. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 42(1), 134-158.
    Gauthier, G., King, V., and Morgan, R., in press, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine.; Cailteux, J. L. H., Kampunzu, A. B., Lerouge, C., Kaputo, A. K., & Milesi, J. P. (2005). Genesis of sediment-hosted stratiform copper–cobalt deposits, central African Copperbelt. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 42(1), 134-158.
    Gauthier, G., King, V., and Morgan, R., in press, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine.
          • Kamoya
    King, V. & R.L. Morgan (2005), Crystallograpy of Carrollite from the Kamoya South II mine, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rochester Mineralogical Symposium.
        • Katanga
    Gauthier, G., King, V., and Morgan, R., in press, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine.
        • Kisamfu
    Xiangqian Li, Yuping Jiang, Xiyan Zhao, Xianli Xu, Yatao Zhou, Yanling Yan, and Xian Liu (2010): Geology and Exploration 46(1), 175-182; Yanling Yan, Xiangqian Li, Yuping Jiang, Yatao Zhou, and Xian Liu (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(3), 512-517
        • Kolwezi District
          • Kamoto
    [MinRec 22:53, 22:54]; Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:252
    [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
    Gauthier, G., King, V., and Morgan, R., in press, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine.
          • Kolwezi
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
          • Mutoshi (Ruwe)
    Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
        • Lubumbashi (Elizabethville)
    No reference listed
        • Musoshi
    Gauthier, G., King, V., and Morgan, R., in press, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine.; Econ Geol (1988) 83:118-139
        • Shinkolobwe
    Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
    Mineralogical Record: 20: 276.
    http://www.tenke.com/s/CopperCobaltDeposit.asp
    Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
    Fay, I., & Barton, M. D. (2012). Alteration and ore distribution in the Proterozoic Mines Series, Tenke-Fungurume Cu–Co district, Democratic Republic of Congo. Mineralium Deposita, 47(5), 501-519.
    Fay, I., & Barton, M. D. (2012). Alteration and ore distribution in the Proterozoic Mines Series, Tenke-Fungurume Cu–Co district, Democratic Republic of Congo. Mineralium Deposita, 47(5), 501-519.
    Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
      • Kipushi
    Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Chabu, M. (1995). The Geochemistry Of Phlogopite And Chlorite From The Kipushi Zn-Pb--Gu Deposit, Shaba, Zaire., Canadian Mineralogist 33, 547-558.
    Finland
     
    • Eastern Finland Region
      • Kontiolaht
    Piirainen, Tauno 1968. Die Petrologie und die Uranlagestätten des Koli-Kaltimo-gebietes im Finnischen Nordkarelien. Bulletin de la commission Géologique de Finlande.
    • Northern Finland Region
      • Ranua
    Mutanen, T. 2010. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen "Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II " toiminnasta 2002-2005.
    France
     
    • Corsica
      • Haute-Corse
        • Corte
          • Ghisoni
    Fiche BSS BRGM n° 11183X4002/GT
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Hautes-Alpes
        • Saint-Véran area
    A. Sinojmeri, M. Ohnenstetter, Z. Johan : "Nouvelles données sur la clausthalite et les tellurures du gisement de Saint Véran (Hautes Alpes)", Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1987
    Germany
     
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Siegerland
        • Eiserfeld
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
          • Kohlenbach Valley
    Dana 6: 1049 & Dana 7:I:264.
    Golze, R.; Henrich, M.; Hucko, S.; Stötzel, N. (2013): Siegerland & Westerwald. Bergbaugeschichte - Mineralienschätze - Fundorte, pp. 371-379.
        • Eisern
    Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Gosenbach
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Weiss: Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • Siegen
          • Weidenau
    Weiss: Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Siegerland
        • Betzdorf
          • Schutzbach
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Gebhardshain
          • Steinebach
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Wissen
          • Voßwinkel
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Saarland
      • Saarlouis
        • Düppenweiler
    - Gerhard Müller: Bergbau-PSL-Mineralogie, Blatt Reimsbach Punkt 6506.30-1, Seite 1-9,(Saarbrücken 1996)
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
        • Nuxis
          • Tamara Mt.
    Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Hidaka Province
        • Samani-gun
          • Samani-cho
            • Horoman peridotite body
    Rocks & Min.: 22:223.
    • Shikoku Island
      • Ehime Prefecture
        • Niihama
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
      • Kochi Prefecture
        • Tosa-gun
          • Okawa-mura
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Tazenakht
    S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    [MinRec 8:Tsumeb 21]
    North Korea
     
    • North Hwanghae Province
      • Suan-gun
        • Hol Kol Mine (Holgol; Suan; Namjong)
    Resource Geology, vol. 50, no. 4, 213-228, 2000
    Norway
     
    • Buskerud
      • Lier
        • Lierskogen
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 32
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 32
      • Nedre Eiker
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, 278p (p. 32).
    • Finnmark
      • Alta
    Vokes, F.M. (1957): On the presence of minerals of the linnaeite series in some copper ores from the Raipas formation of Northern Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 200, 112-120.
    • Sør-Trøndelag
      • Rissa
    Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985).Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p. (p.25)
    • Telemark
      • Kragerø
        • Valberg
    Nordrum, F.S. (2011): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2010-2011. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 109-114
    Oman
     
    • Al Batinah Region (Ad Batinah Region)
      • Semail Ophiolite
        • Sohar
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Kaczawskie Mts
    Paulo A. 1970: Minerały niklu i bizmutu w żyłach kruszcowych okolicy Chełmca (Góry Kaczawskie, Dolny Śląsk). Polska Akademia Nauk - Oddział w Krakowie, Komisja Nauk Mineralogicznych, Prace Mineralogiczne 24, 61-82
      • Legnica
        • Lubin District
    Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
    • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
      • Zawiercie District
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Romania
     
    • Bihor Co.
      • Nucet
    www.minerals-of-the carpathians.eu (2009)
    • Caraş-Severin Co.
      • Banat Mts
        • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
          • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
    Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 65(3), pp. 351–372
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
    [World of Stones 12:49]
          • Aldan
    A.Ya. Kochetkov (2006) Mesozoic Gold-Bearing Ore-Magmatic Systems Of Central Aldan. Russian Geology and Geophysics 47:850-864
    Kochetkov A.Ya. (2006) Ore contents of alkaline massifs of Aldan shield: Ryabinovskoe copper-gold-porphyritic deposit,- Tikhookeanskaya Geologiya, v.25, N1, pp. 62-73 (in Russian)
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Primorskiy Kray
        • Kavalerovo Mining District
    [MinRec 32:8]
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
          • Baymak-Buribay District
    Melekestseva, I. Yu.; Kotlyarov, V. A. (2008): Carrollite of Ivanovskoe cobalt-copper massive sulfide ore deposit, southern Urals. Zapiski Rossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 137, 22-26.
    Slovakia
     
    • Žilina Region
      • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
    Ozdin D., Chovan M., 1999: New mineralogical and paragenetic knowledge about siderite veins in the vicinity of Vyšná Boca, Nízke Tatry Mts. Slov. Geol. Magazine, Bratislava, 5, 4, 255-271
    Ozdín D. & Chovan M. 1999: New mineralogical and paragenetic knowledge about siderite veins in the vicinity of Vyšná Boca, Nízke Tatry Mts. Slovak Geological Magazine 5, 4, 255-271.
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Almería
        • Huércal-Overa
          • Cuesta Alta
            • Cerro Minado Mines
    BERTRAN-OLLER et al. (2012)
    Sweden
     
    • Småland
      • Västervik
    Arkiv Kemi, Min.Geol.(1924) 9/8, 17; CanMin 18, 165
      • Vetlanda
        • Fröderyd
    M.Särkinen: Mineralogical-minerochemical investigation of Årset, Esprilla, and other sulphide mines in Fröderyd and Bäckaby parishes in Småland, Sweden. 1989
    • Södermanland
      • Nyköping
        • Tunaberg
          • Dammgruvan Ore Field
    Dobbe, R. T. M. (1991): Tellurides, Selenides and Associated Minerals in the Tunaberg Copper Deposits, SE Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology. 44:89-106
    Dobbe, R. T. M. (1991): Tellurides, Selenides and Associated Minerals in the Tunaberg Copper Deposits, SE Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology. 44:89-106
    Dobbe, Rene T. M. (1991): Tellurides, selenides, and associated minerals in the Tunaberg copper deposits, SE Bergslagen, central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology 44, 89-106
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
        • Nordmark district
          • Finnshytteberg ore field (Finnshytte)
    Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 21, pp. 129-136 (1983)
      • Säffle
    No reference listed
    • Västmanland
      • Skinnskatteberg
        • Riddarhyttan
    Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2005): Nya Bastnäs i Riddarhytte malmfält. Litiofilen, 22 (1): 14-38
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Grimentz
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 255
    Turkey
     
    • Black Sea Region
      • Kastamonu Province
        • Küre
    Musa Güner (1980): GEOLOGY AND MASSIVE SULFIDE ORES OF THE KÜRE AREA, THE PONTIC RANGES, NORTHERN TURKEY. MTA Bull., 93/94, 19-64. [http://www.mta.gov.tr/v2.0/eng/dergi_pdf/93-94/3.pdf]
    Ukraine
     
    • Zhytomyr Oblast' (Zhitomir Oblast')
    Nechaev S & Pastukhov V (2001) Links between the Proterozoic anorthosite-rapakivigranite plutons and ore-forming events in the Ukrainian Shield (ores of titanium, uranium, rare metal and gold). in Abstracts – GEODE field workshop 8-12th July 2001 on ilmenite deposits in the Rogaland anorthosite province, S. Norway.
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Northwest Arctic Borough
        • Shungnak District
          • Ruby Creek Prospect
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
        • Amber District
    USGS
    • Colorado
      • San Miguel Co.
        • Ouray District (Uncompahgre District)
          • Telluride
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Maryland
      • Baltimore Co.
        • Bare Hills
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Carroll Co.
        • Louisville
    Mines of the Washington D.C Area
        • Sykesville
          • Finksburg
            • Patapsco Mines
    Faber (1852); Dana 7:I:264; Min. Mag.:43:733 (1980).
    Heyl, A. and Pearre, N. (1965)
    Dana 6:1071.
    Dana 6: 1071; Rocks & Min.: 11:27, 121.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Missouri
      • Iron Co.
        • Viburnum Trend District
          • Bixby
    Rocks & Min. Mar. 1998
      • Madison Co.
    R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
      • Reynolds Co.
    http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2003NC/finalprogram/abstract_51354.htm.
          • Ellington
    R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
    • Montana
      • Stillwater Co.
        • Nye
    Natural History Museum Vienna collection
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Franklin Mining District
          • Franklin
    Burke, E.A.J.: (1983); Dunn(1995):Pt4:531.
    • Wisconsin
      • Rusk Co.
        • Ladysmith
    www.uwrf.edu/~wc01/carrollite.htm
    • Wyoming
      • Albany Co.
        • Lake Owen Complex
    5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
    Zambia
     
    • Copperbelt Province
      • Chingola District
        • Chingola
    Econ Geol (1986) 81:1838-1852
    Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
      • Kalulushi District
        • Chambishi
    Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
      • Kitwe District
        • Kitwe
          • Chibuluma
    Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
    Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
    Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
      • Luanshya District
        • Luanshya
    Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
      • Mufulira District
        • Mufulira
    Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
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