Mindat Logo

Caryinite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.



Formula:
(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)(Mn
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
System:MonoclinicColour:Brown to yellowish ...
Hardness:4
Member of:Alluaudite Group
Name:Named by C. Lundström in 1874 from the Greek κορύινος meaning "in error", not from καρύινος meaning "nut-brown coloured" in allusion to its colour. The original spelling was changed by Edward Dana in 1892.

Classification of Caryinite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/A.06-120
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.AC.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
Dana 8th edition ID:38.2.2.1

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
2 : (AB)5(XO4)3
Hey's CIM Ref.:20.5.9

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
5 : Arsenates of Ti and Pb
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-912.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Caryinite

Type Locality:Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Natural History Museum, Stockholm, Sweden 221444
Year of Discovery:1874
Geological Setting of type material:Veinlets in a skarn in a Mn-Fe metamorphosed orebody.
Associated Minerals at type locality:
HedyphaneHausmanniteCalciteBerzeliite

Physical Properties of Caryinite

Lustre:Resinous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Colour:Brown to yellowish brown; light yellow-brown in transmitted light.
Streak:Light brown
Hardness (Mohs):4
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
Distinct on {110} and {010}; (110) ^ (110) ~49°15'.
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):4.29 g/cm3
Density (calculated):4.486 g/cm3

Crystallography of Caryinite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:a = 6.855(2) Å, b = 13.147(3) Å, c = 11.479(4) Å
β = 98.97(2)°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.521 : 1 : 0.873
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,021.87 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Cleavable masses, fine grained massive and veins to 10cm.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
6.52 (40)
4.13 (40)
3.27 (40)
2.99 (50)
2.83 (100)
2.79 (40)
2.68 (60)
1.69 (50)
Comments:ICDD 20-224

Optical Data of Caryinite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.776(5) nβ = 1.780(5) nγ = 1.805(5)
2V:Measured: 38° to 44°, Calculated: 46°
Birefringence:0.029
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.029

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:r > v slight
Optical Extinction:XYZ = cab
Pleochroism:Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of Caryinite

Formula:
(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)(Mn
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
Simplified for copy/paste:(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)(Ca,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+)2(AsO4)3
Essential elements:As, Ca, Mn, Na, O
All elements listed in formula:As, Ca, Fe, Mg, Mn, Na, O, Pb
Empirical Formula:
(Na,Pb)Ca
 
2
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
[AsO
 
4
]
 
3

Relationship of Caryinite to other Species

Member of:Alluaudite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Alluaudite
(Na,Ca)Mn
2+
 
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
Alluaudite-Ca□
 
4
Ca
 
4
Mn
2+
4
Fe
3+
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
12
Alluaudite-Na□
 
4
Na
 
4
Mn
2+
4
Fe
3+
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
12
Arseniopleite
NaCaMn
2+
 
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
Bradaczekite
NaCu
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
Erikapohlite
Cu
 
3
(Zn,Cu,Mg)
 
4
Ca
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
6
·2H
 
2
O
Ferroalluaudite
(Na,Ca)Fe
2+
 
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
Ferroalluaudite-NaNa
Na
 
4
Na
 
4
Fe
2+
4
Fe
3+
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
12
Ferrohagendorfite
NaCaFe
2+
 
Fe
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
Groatite
NaCaMn
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(HPO
 
4
)
 
2
Hagendorfite
NaCaMn
2+
 
Fe
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
Hagendorfite-NaNa
Na, Mn, Fe, P, O, H (?)
Hagendorfite-Varulite Series
NaCaMn
2+
 
(Fe
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
Hatertite
Na
 
2
(Ca,Na)(Fe
3+
 
,Cu)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
Johillerite
Na(Mg,Zn)
 
3
Cu(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
Keyite
Cu
2+
3
Zn
 
4
Cd
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
Maghagendorfite
(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe
2+
 
)Mn(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
Nickenichite
Na
 
0.8
Ca
 
0.4
Cu
 
0.4
(Mg,Fe)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
O'Danielite
Na(Zn,Mg)
 
3
H
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
Varulite
NaCaMn
2+
 
Mn
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
Yazganite
NaFe
3+
2
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.AC.05Howardevansite
NaCuFe
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Alluaudite
(Na,Ca)Mn
2+
 
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Arseniopleite
NaCaMn
2+
 
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Ferroalluaudite
(Na,Ca)Fe
2+
 
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Hagendorfite
NaCaMn
2+
 
Fe
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Johillerite
Na(Mg,Zn)
 
3
Cu(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Maghagendorfite
(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe
2+
 
)Mn(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Nickenichite
Na
 
0.8
Ca
 
0.4
Cu
 
0.4
(Mg,Fe)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Varulite
NaCaMn
2+
 
Mn
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Ferrohagendorfite
NaCaFe
2+
 
Fe
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Bradaczekite
NaCu
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.10Yazganite
NaFe
3+
2
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
· H
 
2
O
8.AC.10Groatite
NaCaMn
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(HPO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.15Bobfergusonite
Na
 
2
Mn
 
5
FeAl(PO
 
4
)
 
6
8.AC.15Ferrowyllieite
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.15Qingheiite
NaMn
3+
 
Mg(Al,Fe
3+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.15Rosemaryite
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe
2+
 
)(Fe
3+
 
,Mg)Al(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.15Wyllieite
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.15Ferrorosemaryite
◻NaFe
2+
 
Fe
3+
 
Al(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.15Qingheiite-(Fe2+)
Na
 
2
Fe
2+
 
MgAl(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.18Manitobaite
Na
 
16
Mn
2+
 
 
25
Al
 
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
30
8.AC.20Marićite
NaFe
2+
 
(PO
 
4
)
8.AC.25Berzeliite
NaCa
 
2
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.25Manganberzeliite
(Ca,Na)
 
3
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.25Palenzonaite
(Ca,Na)
 
3
CaMn
2+
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.25Schäferite
Ca
 
2
NaMg
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.30Brianite
Na
 
2
CaMg(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.35Vitusite-(Ce)
Na
 
3
(Ce,La,Nd)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.40Olgite
(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)
 
2
Na(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.40Bario-olgite
(Ba,Sr)(Na,Sr,REE)
 
2
Na(PO
 
4
)
 
2
·
8.AC.45Strontiowhitlockite
Sr
 
9
Mg(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(HPO
 
4
)
8.AC.45Whitlockite
Ca
 
9
Mg(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(HPO
 
4
)
8.AC.45Merrillite
Ca
 
9
NaMg(PO
 
4
)
 
7
8.AC.45Tuite
Ca
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.45Ferromerrillite
Ca
 
9
NaFe
2+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
7
8.AC.45Bobdownsite
Ca
 
9
Mg(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(PO
 
3
F)
8.AC.50Chladniite
{Ca}{Na
 
8
}{Ca
 
4
Na
 
4
}{(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
43
}(PO
 
4
)
 
36
8.AC.50Fillowite
{Mn
2+
 
}{Na
 
8
}{Ca
 
4
Na
 
4
}{(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
43
}(PO
 
4
)
 
36
8.AC.50Johnsomervilleite
Na
 
10
Ca
 
6
Mg
 
18
Fe
 
25
(PO
 
4
)
 
36
8.AC.50Galileiite
{Fe
2+
 
}{Na
 
8
}{Fe
2+
4
Na
 
4
}{Fe
2+
43
}(PO
 
4
)
 
36
8.AC.50Stornesite-(Y)
{(Y, Ca)}{Na
 
6
 
2
}{(Ca,Na)
 
8
}{(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
43
}(PO
 
4
)
 
36
8.AC.50Xenophyllite
Na
 
4
Fe
2+
7
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
8.AC.55Harrisonite
Ca(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.60Kosnarite
KZr
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
8.AC.65Panethite
(Na,Ca)
 
2
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AC.70Stanfieldite
Ca
 
7
Ca
 
2
Mg
 
9
(PO
 
4
)
 
12
8.AC.75Ronneburgite
K
 
2
MnV
 
4
O
 
12
8.AC.80Tillmannsite
(Ag
 
3
Hg)(VO
 
4
,AsO
 
4
)
8.AC.85Filatovite
K(Al,Zn)
 
2
(As,Si)
 
2
O
 
8
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
20.5.1Cafarsite
Ca
 
5.9
Mn
 
1.7
Fe
 
3
Ti
 
3
(AsO
 
3
)
 
12
· 4-5H
 
2
O
20.5.2Schultenite
Pb(HAsO
 
4
)
20.5.3Duftite
PbCu(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.5.4Bayldonite
PbCu
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
20.5.5Philipsbornite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
20.5.6Arsendescloizite
PbZn(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.5.7Helmutwinklerite
Pb(Zn,Cu)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.5.8Thometzekite
Pb(Cu,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
20.5.10Ludlockite
PbFe
3+
4
As
3+
10
O
 
22
20.5.11Gabrielsonite
PbFe(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.5.12Carminite
PbFe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
20.5.13Segnitite
PbFe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
20.5.14Tsumcorite
Pb(Zn,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
20.5.15Jamesite
Pb
 
2
Zn(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)
 
2
Fe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
10
20.5.16Mawbyite
Pb(Fe
3+
 
,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,H
 
2
O)
20.5.17Arsenbrackenbuschite

Other Names for Caryinite

Other Languages:
German:Caryinit
Karyinit
Russian:Кариинит
Spanish:Caryinita

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Not fluorescent.
Other Information:Soluble in HNO3.

Alters to Berzeliite.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Caryinite

Reference List:

- +
Lundström (1874) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 2: 178, 223 (as Karyinit).

Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 754.

Sjögren (1895) Bull. Geol. Inst. Upsala: 2: 87.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 53.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 683-684.

Dunn, P.J. and D.R. Peacor (1987) New data on the relation between caryinite and arseniopleite. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 281–284.

American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 666-667.

Ercit, T.S. (1993) Caryinite revisited. Mineralogical Magazine: 57: 721-727.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 97.

Internet Links for Caryinite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Caryinite on Google
  • Look for Caryinite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Caryinite on Webmineral
  • Look for Caryinite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Caryinite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Caryinite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Fine and rare minerals from mintreasure.com
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
  • Caryinite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
  • Mineral Classics - Worldwide Collector Quality Minerals and Gems
  • Top quality minerals from Kristalle of California
  • Lapis Mineral Magazin
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • Localities for Caryinite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Sweden
     
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
    GFF (1874) 2, 178; MinRec 10:216; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
    Adolfsson, S. G. (1979): Notes on Recent Underground Collecting at Långban. Mineralogical Record. 10: 215-217
    • Västmanland
      • Hällefors
        • Grythyttan
    No reference listed
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Hinterrhein Valley
        • Ferrera Valley
          • Starlera Valley
    Brugger J. (1996): The Fe, Mn, (V, Sb, As, Be, W) deposits of Val Ferrera (Graubünden, Switzerland). Unpublished PhD Thesis, Univ. Basel. 188 p.
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: June 3, 2014 19:29:33
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds