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Caryinite

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Formula:
(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)(Ca,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+)2(AsO4)3
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Brown to yellowish ...
Hardness:
4
Name:
Named by C. Lundström in 1874 from the Greek κορύινος meaning "in error", not from καρύινος meaning "nut-brown coloured" in allusion to its colour. The original spelling was changed by Edward Dana in 1892.

Classification of Caryinite

Approved
7/A.06-120
8.AC.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
38.2.2.1

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
2 : (AB)5(XO4)3
20.5.9

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
5 : Arsenates of Ti and Pb
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First Recorded Occurrence of Caryinite

Place of Conservation of First Recorded Material:
Natural History Museum, Stockholm, Sweden 221444
Year of Discovery:
1874
Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
Veinlets in a skarn in a Mn-Fe metamorphosed orebody.
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Physical Properties of Caryinite

Resinous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Brown to yellowish brown; light yellow-brown in transmitted light.
Streak:
Light brown
Hardness (Mohs):
4
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Distinct on {110} and {010}; (110) ^ (110) ~49°15'.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
4.29 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.486 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Caryinite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.855(2) Å, b = 13.147(3) Å, c = 11.479(4) Å
β = 98.97(2)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.521 : 1 : 0.873
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,021.87 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Cleavable masses, fine grained massive and veins to 10cm.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.52 (40)
4.13 (40)
3.27 (40)
2.99 (50)
2.83 (100)
2.79 (40)
2.68 (60)
1.69 (50)
Comments:
ICDD 20-224

Optical Data of Caryinite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.776(5) nβ = 1.780(5) nγ = 1.805(5)
2V:
Measured: 38° to 44°, Calculated: 46°
Birefringence:
0.029
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.029
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v slight
Optical Extinction:
XYZ = cab
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of Caryinite

Formula:
(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)(Ca,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+)2(AsO4)3
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Empirical Formula:
(Na,Pb)Ca2(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+)2[AsO4]3

Relationship of Caryinite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Alluaudite-Ca□4Ca4Mn42+Fe83+(PO4)12
Alluaudite-Na□4Na4Mn42+Fe83+(PO4)12
ArseniopleiteNaCaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg)2(AsO4)3
BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3
CanutiteNaMn3[AsO4][AsO3(OH)]2
ErikapohliteCu3(Zn,Cu,Mg)4Ca2(AsO4)6·2H2O
Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
Ferroalluaudite-NaNaNa4Na4Fe42+Fe83+(PO4)12
FerrohagendorfiteNaCaFe2+Fe22+(PO4)3
GroatiteNaCaMn2(PO4)(HPO4)2
HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe22+(PO4)3
Hagendorfite-NaNaNa, Mn, Fe, P, O, H (?)
Hagendorfite-Varulite SeriesNaCaMn2+(Fe2+,Fe3+,Mg)2(PO4)3
HatertiteNa2(Ca,Na)(Fe3+,Cu)2(AsO4)3
JohilleriteNa(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3
KeyiteCu32+Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3
ManitobaiteNa16Mn2+ 25Al8(PO4)30
NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
O'DanieliteNa(Zn,Mg)3H2(AsO4)3
VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
YazganiteNaFe23+(Mg,Mn2+)(AsO4)3 · H2O
8.AC.05HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3
8.AC.10Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
8.AC.10ArseniopleiteNaCaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg)2(AsO4)3
8.AC.10Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
8.AC.10HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe22+(PO4)3
8.AC.10JohilleriteNa(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3
8.AC.10Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3
8.AC.10NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
8.AC.10VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
8.AC.10FerrohagendorfiteNaCaFe2+Fe22+(PO4)3
8.AC.10BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3
8.AC.10YazganiteNaFe23+(Mg,Mn2+)(AsO4)3 · H2O
8.AC.10GroatiteNaCaMn2(PO4)(HPO4)2
8.AC.15BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6
8.AC.15Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
8.AC.15QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3
8.AC.15Rosemaryite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3
8.AC.15Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
8.AC.15Ferrorosemaryite◻NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3
8.AC.15Qingheiite-(Fe2+)Na2Fe2+MgAl(PO4)3
8.AC.18ManitobaiteNa16Mn2+ 25Al8(PO4)30
8.AC.20MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)
8.AC.25BerzeliiteNaCa2(Mg,Mn2+)2(AsO4)3
8.AC.25Manganberzeliite(Ca,Na)3(Mn2+,Mg)2(AsO4)3
8.AC.25Palenzonaite(Ca,Na)3CaMn22+(VO4)3
8.AC.25SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3
8.AC.30BrianiteNa2CaMg(PO4)2
8.AC.35Vitusite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2
8.AC.40Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2
8.AC.40Bario-olgite(Ba,Sr)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2 ·
8.AC.45StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
8.AC.45WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
8.AC.45MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
8.AC.45TuiteCa3(PO4)2
8.AC.45FerromerrilliteCa9NaFe2+(PO4)7
8.AC.45BobdownsiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3F)
8.AC.50Chladniite{Ca}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
8.AC.50Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
8.AC.50JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36
8.AC.50Galileiite{Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe42+Na4}{Fe432+}(PO4)36
8.AC.50Stornesite-(Y){(Y, Ca)}{Na62}{(Ca,Na)8}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
8.AC.50XenophylliteNa4Fe72+(PO4)6
8.AC.55HarrisoniteCa(Fe2+,Mg)6(PO4)2(SiO4)2
8.AC.60KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3
8.AC.65Panethite(Na,Ca)2(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)2
8.AC.70StanfielditeCa7Ca2Mg9(PO4)12
8.AC.75RonneburgiteK2MnV4O12
8.AC.80Tillmannsite(Ag3Hg)(VO4,AsO4)
8.AC.85FilatoviteK(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8
20.5.1CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
20.5.2SchultenitePb(HAsO4)
20.5.3DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
20.5.4BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
20.5.5PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
20.5.6ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
20.5.7HelmutwinkleritePb(Zn,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.5.8ThometzekitePb(Cu,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
20.5.10LudlockitePbFe43+As103+O22
20.5.11GabrielsonitePbFe(AsO4)(OH)
20.5.12CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
20.5.13SegnititePbFe33+(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)6
20.5.14TsumcoritePb(Zn,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
20.5.15JamesitePb2Zn(Fe2+,Zn)2Fe43+(AsO4)4(OH)10
20.5.16MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
20.5.17Arsenbrackenbuschite

Other Names for Caryinite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Soluble in HNO3.

Alters to Berzeliite.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Caryinite

Reference List:
Lundström (1874) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 2: 178, 223 (as Karyinit).

Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 754.

Sjögren (1895) Bull. Geol. Inst. Upsala: 2: 87.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 53.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 683-684.

Dunn, P.J. and D.R. Peacor (1987) New data on the relation between caryinite and arseniopleite. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 281–284.

American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 666-667.

Ercit, T.S. (1993) Caryinite revisited. Mineralogical Magazine: 57: 721-727.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 97.

Internet Links for Caryinite

Localities for Caryinite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Maira Valley
        • Canosio
          • Vallone della Valletta
Cámara, F., Ciriotti, M.E., Bittarello, E., Nestola, F., Massimi, F., Radica, F., Costa, E., Benna, P., Piccoli, G.C. (2014) Arsenic-bearing new mineral species from Valletta mine, Maira Valley, Piedmont, Italy: I. Grandaite, Sr2Al(AsO4)2(OH), description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 757-774.
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
GFF (1874) 2, 178; MinRec 10:216; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Adolfsson, S. G. (1979): Notes on Recent Underground Collecting at Långban. Mineralogical Record. 10: 215-217
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
No reference listed
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Hinterrhein Valley
      • Ferrera Valley
        • Starlera Valley
Brugger J. (1996): The Fe, Mn, (V, Sb, As, Be, W) deposits of Val Ferrera (Graubünden, Switzerland). Unpublished PhD Thesis, Univ. Basel. 188 p.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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