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Caryopilite

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Formula:
(Mn,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Brown, reddish-brown, tan
Hardness:
3 - 3½
Name:
Named in 1889 by Axel Hamberg (1889) from the Greek, χάρυον = nut, due to its brownish color and habit + πίλος = felt, due to its appearance like a feltlike mass in thin sections.
This page provides mineralogical data about Caryopilite.

Classification of Caryopilite

Approved
9.ED.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
D : Phyllosilicates with kaolinite layers composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.1.2b.1

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
1 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
14.18.9

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
18 : Silicates of Mn and Na, K, Mg, Ca or Fe
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-913.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Caryopilite

General Appearance of Type Material:
As clusters of reniform aggregates
Year of Discovery:
1889
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Physical Properties of Caryopilite

Colour:
Brown, reddish-brown, tan
Comment:
Light-brown to yellow in thin section
Hardness (Mohs):
3 - 3½

Crystallography of Caryopilite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.66Å, b = 9.81Å, c = 7.52Å
β = 104.52°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.577 : 1 : 0.767
Unit Cell Volume:
V 404.21 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Caryopilite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.606 - 1.620 nβ = 1.632 - 1.650 nγ = 1.632 - 1.650
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.026 - 0.030
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
weak

Chemical Properties of Caryopilite

Formula:
(Mn,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Al,As,Fe,Zn,Ca,F,Cl

Relationship of Caryopilite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Baumite(Mg,Al,Mn,Zn,Fe)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Brindleyite(Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochrysotile
CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
GreenaliteFe2-3(Si2O5)(OH)4
HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
KellyiteMn22+Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Odinite(Fe,Mg,Al,Fe,Ti,Mn)2.4((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Orthochrysotile
Parachrysotile
PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Webskyite
9.ED.05DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.05KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.05NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.05Odinite(Fe,Mg,Al,Fe,Ti,Mn)2.4((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.10HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.10HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
9.ED.10Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
9.ED.15AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
9.ED.15Brindleyite(Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
9.ED.15ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15GreenaliteFe2-3(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15KellyiteMn22+Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
9.ED.15LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
9.ED.15Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
9.ED.20Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
9.ED.20ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O (x < 1)
9.ED.20ImogoliteAl2SiO3(OH)4
9.ED.20Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
9.ED.25BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
9.ED.25ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
14.18.1Nambulite(Li,Na)Mn4Si5O14(OH)
14.18.2Natronambulite(Na,Li)(Mn,Ca)4Si5O14OH
14.18.3ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
14.18.4NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
14.18.5Shafranovskite(Na,K)6(Mn,Fe)3Si9O24 · 6H2O
14.18.6AbswurmbachiteCuMn63+(SiO4)O8
14.18.7Donpeacorite(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2
14.18.8KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
14.18.10Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
14.18.11Tirodite
14.18.12Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2
14.18.13BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
14.18.14GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
14.18.15Truscottite(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2O
14.18.16SantaclaraiteCaMn4[Si5O14OH](OH) · H2O
14.18.17FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
14.18.18JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
14.18.19NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
14.18.20OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
14.18.21InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
14.18.22OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
14.18.23RuiziteCa2Mn23+[(OH)2|H2Si4O13] · 2H2O
14.18.24BostwickiteCaMn6Si3O16 · 7H2O
14.18.25KittatinnyiteCa2Mn2Mn(SiO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
14.18.26LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)
14.18.27SéranditeNa(Mn2+,Ca)2(HSi3O9)
14.18.28KvanefjelditeNa4(Ca,Mn)(Si3O7)2(OH)2
14.18.29MarsturiteNaCaMn3Si5O14(OH)
14.18.30RaiteNa4Mn32+Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2O
14.18.31Richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
14.18.32Byelorussite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2MnTi2[Si4O12]2O2(F,OH) · H2O
14.18.33Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
14.18.34Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
14.18.35PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
14.18.36Dannemorite
14.18.37Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
14.18.38BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
14.18.39ManganbabingtoniteCa2(Mn,Fe)FeSi5O14(OH)
14.18.40ÖrebroiteMn32+(Sb5+,Fe3+)(SiO4)(O,OH)3

Other Names for Caryopilite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:肾硅锰矿
Spanish:Caryopilita
Swedish:Ektropit

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Caryopilite

Reference List:
Hamberg, A. (1889). Über Karyopilit, ein wasserhaltiges Manganoxydulsilikat von der Grube Harstigen bei Pajsberg in Vermland. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 11, 27-32


American Mineralogist: 65, 335-339.

Internet Links for Caryopilite

Localities for Caryopilite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • East Tyrol
      • Kals valley
Abrecht, J. (1990): An As-rich manganiferous mineral assemblage from the Ködnitz Valley (Eastern Alps, Austria): Geology, mineralogy, genetic considerations, and implications for metamorphic Mn deposits. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1990, 363-375.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Matagami
Can. Min. 31, 695
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Baise Prefecture
      • Jingxi Co.
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
  • Hunan Province
    • Xiangtan Prefecture
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Ankang Prefecture
      • Ziyang Co.
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190; Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Hanzhong Prefecture
      • Xixiang Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
      • Zhenba Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
  • Sichuan Province
    • Dazhou Prefecture
      • Wanyuan Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Ya'an Prefecture
      • Hanyuan Co.
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
  • Yunnan Province
    • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
      • Heqing Co.
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
    • Wenshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Yanshan Co.
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
France
 
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
Le Règne Minéral 47: 5-21
        • Vielle Aure
DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R., TIXADOR Y., CASTERET A. & GOUJOU JC. (2002) La mine de Coustou, Vielle-Aure, Hautes-Pyrénées. Le Règne Minéral, 47, 23-31. (in french)
Germany
 
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Elbingerode
        • Schävenholz (Schebenholz; Schäbenholz)
Witzke, T. (2013): Die Minerale der Manganlagerstätte Schävenholz bei Elbingerode, Harz.- Aufschluss 64, 69-80
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova and La Spezia Provinces
      • different municipalities
        • Tre Monti mining concession
Castellaro, F., Passarino, G. (2011): I minerali di Monte Alpe. Sezione dell'antica Concessione Tre Monti (La Spezia e Genova). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana. 4/2011, 214-224.
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
Handbook of Mineralogy
          • Reppia
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (4), 131
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Tesso Valley
          • Monastero di Lanzo
            • Chiaves
Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G., Airaudi, D. (2010): Primo ritrovamento di caryopilite e kutnohorite in Piemonte: Croce di Chiaves, Ceres, Torino. Micro (UK report) 1/2010, 134-141
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Fukui Prefecture
        • Mikata-kaminaka-gun
          • Wakasa-cho
Kato, A. (2010) Mumeikai Group meeting, No. 30.
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Minokamo City
Alfredo Petrov collection
      • Yamanashi Prefecture
        • Minami-Alps City
          • Kohsai
A. Kato et al. , Bull. Minéral., 1981, 104, pp. 396-399, France.
    • Kanto Region
      • Kanagawa Prefecture
        • Hadano City
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 17 (1994) , No. 5 pp 211-218
      • Saitama Prefecture
        • Chichibu City
          • Urayama
K. Nishikubo, T. Yamada, A. Harada, M. Takizawa, K. Tange, Y. Kosuge, R. Miyawaki, and S. Matsubara (2005) "Rambergite from the Hirogawara mine, Urayama, Chichibu City, Saitama Prefecture, Japan"
        • Hannou
Satoshi Matsubara (1981) Taneyamalite, (Na, Ca)(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+,Al)12Si12 (O,OH)44, a New Mineral from the Iwaizawa Mine, Saitama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine 44:51-53.
Kato, A. (2010) Mumeikai Group meeting, No. 30.
        • Hidaka
Akira Kato (2009) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 28 (November 2009).
      • Tochigi Prefecture
        • Kanuma City
Akira Kato (undated manuscript): Country rock and Minerals of the Kaso mine, Kanuma City, Tochigi Prefecture. (in japanese)
Kato, A. (2010) Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group No. 30, 488.
      • Tokyo Metropolis
        • Nishi-Tama-gun
          • Okutama-cho
Alfredo Petrov specimens
Bull. Kanagawa pref. Mus. (Nat. Sci.), 22, 25-32 (1993)
    • Kinki Region
      • Kyoto Prefecture
        • Kyoto City
          • Kita-ku
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Mie Prefecture
        • Ise City
          • Shobu area
http://www.issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Daisuke Nishio- Hamane, Norimitsu Tomita, Tetsuo Minakawa, and Sachio Inaba (2013) Iseite, Mn2Mo3O8, a new mineral from Ise, Mie Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 108, 37─41.
        • Toba City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Shiga Prefecture
        • Takashima City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.); Alfredo Petrov collection.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Kunohe-gun
          • Noda-mura
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Kuzumaki
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Shimohei-gun
          • Iwaizumi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Kyushu Region
    • Kumamoto Prefecture
Sameshima, T., & Kawachi, Y. (1991). Coombsite, Mn analogue of zussmanite, and associated Mn‐silicates, parsettensite and caryopilite, from southeast Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 34(3), 329-335.
  • Shikoku Island
    • Ehime prefecture
      • Seiyo City
        • Nomura
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Kochi Prefecture
      • Kami city
Moriyama, T., Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K., Matsubara, S., Hirano, H., Murakami, H., and Watanabe, Y. (2011): Wakefieldite-(Nd), a new neodymium vanadate mineral in the Arase stratiform ferromanganese deposit, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Resource Geology 61, 101-110.
      • Nagaoka-gun
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 103,400-406(2008)
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
Peter Megw specimen, Mike Rumsey UKMNH analysis
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Otago
Sameshima T, Kawachi Y (1991) Coombsite, Mn analogue of zussmanite, and associated Mn-silicates, parsettensite and caryopilite, from southeast Otago, New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 34, 329-335
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Tokke
      • Botnedal
Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86; Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p
Romania
 
  • Suceava Co.
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Komi Republic
      • Prepolar Ural
http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=1551
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
        • Sibay
Brusnitsyn, A.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(3), 193-214.
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Ufaley District (Ufalei District)
Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., Ryzhkova, S.O., Ugol'kov, V.L., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2008): Lithology and Mineral Resources 43(6), 588-595.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Bliss, J.D., and Moring, B.C., 2011, Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1058.
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
        • Čučma
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Minerals of South Africa
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
[Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) - The Kalahari (Afrique du Sud) manganese field : an update, Mineralogical Record, 22 (3), 279-302.]
Minerals of South Africa
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
Grensman, F., Kalinowski, M.P. and Sandström, F. (2001): Garpenberg Norra. Litofilen. 18 (2), 26-46.
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
Hamberg, A. (1889). Über Karyopilit, ein wasserhaltiges Manganoxydulsilikat von der Grube Harstigen bei Pajsberg in Vermland. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 11, 27-32
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Schanfig Valley
      • Langwies
Analyses by N. Meisser, MGL Lausanne
UK
 
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Harlech
        • Moel Ysgyfarnogod
http://www.museumwales.ac.uk/mineralogy/database/?mineral=450
      • Lleyn Peninsula
        • Llanfaelrhys
          • Nant-y-Gadwen
Cotterell, T.F., 2006. Caryopilite and pyroxmangite from Nant Mine, Nant-y-Gadwen, Llanfaelrhys, Pen Llyn, Gwynedd, Wales UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, 27, 51-53.
          • Rhiw
UK Journal of mines & Minerals, number 29 pp47-48
USA
 
  • California
    • Nevada Co.
      • Lake of the Pines
Econ Geol (1992) 87:2023-2040
Econ Geol (1992) 87:2023-2040
    • Stanislaus Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Ladd-Buckeye District
          • Mount Oso
Econ Geol (1992) 87:2023-2040; Huebner, J. Stephen; Flohr, Marta J. (1990) Microbanded manganese formations; protoliths in the Franciscan Complex, California; USGS Professional Paper 1502.
  • Colorado
    • Mineral Co.
      • Creede District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; Foley, N. K.; Caddey, S. W.; Byington, C. B.; Vardiman, D. M. (1993) Mineralogy, mineral chemistry, and paragenesis of gold, silver, and base-metal ores of the North Amethyst vein system, San Juan Mountains, Mineral County, Colorado. USGS Professional Paper: 1537
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut minerals.
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Plainfield
"Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
  • Michigan
    • Baraga Co.
      • Alberta
        • Taylor Mine
George Robinson, Curator, A. E. Seaman Mineral Museum, pers. comm. 2011
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Dunn (1995): Pt4: 491.
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Dunn(1995):Pt4:491-492.
  • North Carolina
    • Alleghany Co.
      • Sparta
        • Bald Knob
Rocks & Min.: 60:130-135.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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