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Catapleiite

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Formula:
Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Dark brown, reddish ...
Hardness:
5½ - 6
Name:
From the Greek κατα and πλειον, meaning "with many," for it's association with many other rare minerals.
Dimorph of:
Catapleiite Group. The monoclinic dimorph of Gaidonnayite. The sodium analogue of Calcium-Catapleiite.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Catapleiite.

Classification of Catapleiite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
9.CA.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
A : [Si3O9]6- 3-membered single rings (dreier-Einfachringe), without insular complex anions
59.2.2.1

59 : CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
2 : Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
14.10.24

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
10 : Silicates of Zr or Hf
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-919.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Catapleiite

Year of Discovery:
1850

Occurrences of Catapleiite

Geological Setting:
Syenites and nepheline syenites

Physical Properties of Catapleiite

Vitreous, Dull
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Dark brown, reddish brown, flesh red, yellowish red,colourless, light grey, beige to tan, light yellow, orange, light blue
Streak:
White to pale yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
5½ - 6
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {100}
Imperfect on {101} {102}
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
2.65 - 2.9 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.77 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Catapleiite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.799Å, b = 7.419Å, c = 20.157Å
β = 90.41°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.725 : 1 : 2.717
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,913.97 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
pseudohexagonal, rosettes
Twinning:
Polysynthetic at 30, 60, 90 degrees
Comment:
monoclinic, pseudohexagonal

Crystallographic forms of Catapleiite

Crystal Atlas:
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Catapleiite no.6 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Catapleiite no.28 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Catapleiite no.29 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Catapleiite no.30 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Catapleiite no.31 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Catapleiite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.591 nβ = 1.592 nγ = 1.627
2V:
Measured: 40°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.036
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v moderate

Chemical Properties of Catapleiite

Formula:
Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ca,Fe

Relationship of Catapleiite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Calciocatapleiite (see here)
Structurally related to group(s):
9.CA.05BaziriteBaZr(Si3O9)
9.CA.05BenitoiteBaTi(Si3O9)
9.CA.05PabstiteBa(Sn,Ti)(Si3O9)
9.CA.10WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
9.CA.15CalciocatapleiiteCaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
9.CA.20PseudowollastoniteCaSiO3
9.CA.25MargarosanitePb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
9.CA.25WalstromiteBaCa2(Si3O9)
9.CA.30Bobtraillite(Na,Ca)13Sr11(Zr,Y,Nb)14(Si3O9)10(H2BSi2O9)6 · 12H2O
14.10.1ZirconZrSiO4
14.10.2HafnonHfSiO4
14.10.3ZektzeriteLiNa(Zr,Ti,Hf)Si6O15
14.10.4ParakeldyshiteNa2ZrSi2O7
14.10.5VlasoviteNa2ZrSi4O11
14.10.6Keldyshite(Na,H)2ZrSi2O7
14.10.7GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
14.10.8TerskiteNa4ZrSi6O16 · 2H2O
14.10.9ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
14.10.10HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
14.10.11PetarasiteNa5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
14.10.12KhibinskiteK2ZrSi2O7
14.10.13WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
14.10.14DalyiteK2ZrSi6O15
14.10.15KostyleviteK2Zr(Si3O9) · H2O
14.10.16UmbiteK2(Zr,Ti)Si3O9 · H2O
14.10.17ParaumbiteK3Zr2H(Si3O9)2 · nH2O
14.10.18GeorgechaoiteNaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
14.10.19GittinsiteCaZrSi2O7
14.10.20CalciocatapleiiteCaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
14.10.21CalciohilairiteCaZr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
14.10.22ArmstrongiteCaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2O
14.10.23Lemoynite(Na,K)2CaZr2Si10O26 · 5H2O
14.10.25BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2
14.10.26LovozeriteNa2Ca(Zr,Ti)(Si6O12)[(OH)4O2] · H2O
14.10.27Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
14.10.28PenkvilksiteNa4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2O
14.10.29DarapiositeKNa2(Zn,Li)3(Mn,Zr)2[Si12O30]
14.10.30BaziriteBaZr(Si3O9)
14.10.31KomkoviteBaZr[Si3O9] · 3H2O
14.10.32ZirsinaliteNa6(Ca,Mn2+,Fe2+)Zr(Si6O18)
14.10.33Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O4

Other Names for Catapleiite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Catapleiite

Reference List:
Weibye, P. C. (1850): Neue Mineralien aus Norwegen, beschrieben von P.H. [sic!] Weibye; analysirt von N.J. Berlin, K.A. Sjögren und J.B. von Borck (Erster Theil). [1.Tritomit, 2. Katapleiit, 3.Atheriasit, 4. Eudnophit.], Annalen der Physik und Chemie (herausgegeben zu Berlin von J.C. Poggendorff) , 79: 299-304

CHAO, G.Y., ROWLAND, J.R., and CHEN, T.T. (1973) The crystal structure of catapleiite. Geological Society of America Abstracts, 5, 572.

CHEN, T.T., and CHAO, G.Y. (1973) Twinning in catapleiite. Geological Society of America Abstracts, 5, 573 574

BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., and MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191 205.

ILYUSHIN, G.D., VORONKOV, A.A., ILYUKIN, V.V., NEVSKII, N.N., and BELOV, N.V. (1981) Crystal structure of natural monoclinic catapleiite Na2ZrSi3O9•2H2O. Soviet Physics Doklady, 26, (9), 808 810.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1995) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume II. Silica, Silicates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 904pp., 2 volumes: 117.

Zubkova, N. V.; Pekov, I. V.; Turchkova, A. G.; Pushcharovskii, D. Yu.; Merlino, S.; Pasero, M.; Chukanov, N. V. (2007): Crystal structures of potassium-exchanged forms of catapleiite and hilairite. Crystallography Reports 52, 65-70.

Internet Links for Catapleiite

Specimens:
The following Catapleiite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Catapleiite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
  • Santa Catarina
G Traversa et al (1994) Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Alkaline District of Lages, SC, Brazil. Geochem Brazil 8:179-214
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
Zeolites of the World, R. Tschernich, 1992 (142,360); Canadian Mineralogist Vol.22, pp. 253-258 (1984)
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
Curtis, L.W. & Currie, K.L. (1977) Geology and petrology of the Red Wine complex, Central Labrador. GSC Bulletin 287, 61p. + maps
A. Kerr (2010) Rare-earth-element (REE) mineralization in Labrador: A review of known environments and the geological context of current exploration activity. Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources Current Research 2010 pp 109-143
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
Sheard, E.R. (2010); SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Machairas, G. and Perrault, G. (1965), Catapleiite from St.-Hilaire, P.Q. Canadian Mineralogist: 8: 398; Pendlebury, G.B. (1966), Catapleiite from St. Hilaire Mountain, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 8: 120-121. HORVÁTH, L., & GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
    • Montréal
Horváth Collection - confirmed by XRD
Horváth Collection XRD & EDS; SABINA, A.P. (1978) Some new mineral occurrences in Canada. Geological Survey of Canada,Paper 78-1A, 253-258.
  • Québec & Newfoundland and Labrador
Miller (1996), Can.Min.: 34:349-371; Salvi & Williams-Jones (1995); Am.Min.: 80:1031-1040; Miller (1990), Newfoundland Dept. of Mines & Energy Geol. Sur. Report 90-1: 171-182.; A. Kerr and H. Rafuse (2012) Rare-earth element (REE) geochemistry of the Strange Lake deposits: Implications for resource estimation and metallogenic models. Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources Current Research 2012 pp39-60; BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
China
 
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Dandong Prefecture
      • Fengcheng Co.
        • Saima complex
Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
Hugh E. O'Brien and Matti Tyni (1999) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Kimberlites and Related Rocks from Finland. Proceedings of the 7th International Kimberlite Conference, 1999, p.625-636.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Igaliku (Igaliko)
        • Narsaarsuk Plateau
Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p. (p.251-253)
        • Narsaarsuup Qaava
McDonald, A.M., Petersen, O.V., Gault, R.A., Johnsen, O., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Giester, G. (2001): Micheelsenite, (Ca,Y)3Al(PO3,OH,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6•12H2O,a new mineral from Mont Saint- Hilaire, Quebec, Canada and the Nanna pegmatite, Narsaarsuup Qaava, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 337-351
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Univ, Copenhagen deacquisition
Borst, Anouk M. et al (2014) Eudialyte decomposition and fractionation of REE and HFSE in the kakortokites of the Ilímaussaq Complex, South Greenland. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
          • Qeqertaussaq Island
Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
        • Taseq area
          • Taseq Slope (Tasseq Slope)
Petersen, O.V., Johnsen, O., Niedermayr, G., Grice, J.D. (2004): Taseqite, a new member of the Eudialyte group from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 2004, No2, 83-96
        • Tunulliarfik Fjord (Tunugdliarfik)
Danoe, M., Soerensen, H. (1959): An examination of the rare minerals from the Nepheline Syenites of south west Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Vol. 162, Nr.5, Reitzels Forlag, Koebenhavn
          • Tuperssuatsiat Bay
Robles, E., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Soerensen, H. (2001): Hiortdahlite II from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 131-137
  • Tunu Province (East Greenland)
    • Kangerlussuaq Firth
      • Amdrup Firth
Perchiazzi, N. et al. ( 2000): The crystal structure of Normandite and its crystal-chemical relationship with Lavenite, Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 38, 641 - 648
      • Kangerlussuaq complex
MinRec 16:485-494
Guinea
 
Biagioni, C. (2007). I disilicati di Zr-Ti-Nb-REE delle sieniti a nefelina delle Iles de Los (Guinea). Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa. ; Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., Parodi, G. C., Perchiazzi, N., Chevrier, V., & Bersani, D. (2010). Roumaite,(Ca, Na,□) 3 (Ca, REE, Na) 4 (Nb, Ti)[Si2O7] 2 (OH) F3, from Rouma Island, Los Archipelago, Guinea: a new mineral species related to dovyrenite. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(1), 17-28.
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Issyk-Kul'skaya Oblast
Libya
 
  • Al Kufrah District
Flinn et al (1992)
Flinn et al. (1992)
Madagascar
 
  • Antsiranana Province
    • Diana Region (Northern Region)
      • Ambanja District
        • Ampasindava Peninsula
          • Bezavona Massif
Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.589)
Morocco
 
  • Meknès-Tafilalet Region
    • Khénifra Province
      • Tamazeght Mountain Range
Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
KOLLER, F., ŠKODA, R., PALFI, A.G. & POPP, F. (2013) Phonolites of the Aris and Rehoboth areas, Central Namibia. Abstract, Mineralogical and Petrological Conference MinPet 2013, Bratislava. 40.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Langesundsfjorden
Larsen, A.O. (2001): Chemical composition of catapleiites from the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 5-9
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. and Gault, R. A. (2005): Minerals of the eudialyte group from the Sagåsen larvikite quarry, Porsgrunn, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 58-62
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Farris
Larsen, A.O. (2001): Chemical composition of catapleiites from the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 5-9
        • Lågendalen
Sæbø, P.(1966): Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway no.35. The first occurences of the rare mineral barylite, Be2BaSi2O7, in Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 46, 335-348
Svein A.Berge collection (collected in 1988)
Peter Andresen observation in field sept 2003
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Arøya (Arö)
Svein A. Berge observation 1992
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp (p 478-482); Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O., & Selbekk, R. S. (2010). Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. Journal of Petrology, 51(11), 2303-2325.
        • Barkevik area
Scheerer, T. (1864): Über den Astrophyllit und sein Verhältnis zu Augit und Glimmer im Zirkonsyenit, nebst Bemerkungen über die plutonische Entstehung, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 198 (2/122), 107-138
Larsen, A.O. (2001): Chemical composition of catapleiites from the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 5-9
Larsen, A.O. (2001): Chemical composition of catapleiites from the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 5-9
Svein A. Berge collection
Larsen, A.O. (2001): Chemical composition of catapleiites from the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 5-9
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Larsen, A.O. (2001): Chemical composition of catapleiites from the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 5-9
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineral.(1849) 521-525; Weibye, P. C. (1850): Neue Mineralien aus Norwegen, beschrieben von P.H. [sic!] Weibye; analysirt von N.J. Berlin, K.A. Sjögren und J.B. von Borck (Erster Theil). [1.Tritomit, 2. Katapleiit, 3.Atheriasit, 4. Eudnophit.], Annalen der Physik und Chemie (herausgegeben zu Berlin von J.C. Poggendorff), 79: 299-304; Larsen, A.O. (2001): Chemical composition of catapleiites from the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 5-9; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
Larsen, A.O. (2001): Chemical composition of catapleiites from the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 5-9
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM- 6270
Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
Larsen, A.O. (2001): Chemical composition of catapleiites from the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 5-9; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O., & Selbekk, R. S. (2010). Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. Journal of Petrology, 51(11), 2303-2325.
Brøgger, W.C. (1884): Om katapleiitens tvillinglove. Geologiska Foreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 7, 427-434.; Larsen, A.O. (2001): Chemical composition of catapleiites from the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 18, 5-9
Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1), 15-71
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. p 462
      • Malerød
Larsen, A.O. (ed.) (2010): "The Langesundsfjord, History, Geology, Pegmatites, Minerals" , Bode Verlag GmBH.p. 133
Larsen, A.O. (2001): Chemical composition of catapleiites from the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 5-9
      • Stavern (Fredriksvärn)
Larsen, A.O. (2001): Chemical composition of catapleiites from the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 5-9
      • Tjølling
        • Håkestad
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
      • Tvedalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Collection of Peter Andresen.; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Grice, J. D., Kristiansen, R., Friis, H., Rowe, R., Poirier, G.G., Selbekk, R.S., Cooper, M.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2013): Ferrochiavennite, a new beryllium silicate zeolite from syenite pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo region, Southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist. 51, 286.
    • Sandefjord
      • Vesterøya
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71;Berge, S.A., Larsen, K.E. & Andersen, F. (2011): Buer, Vesterøya, Sandefjord- en typelokalitet for et nytt mineral. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 49-56
Larsen, A.O. (2001): Chemical composition of catapleiites from the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 5-9
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Buriatia (Buryatia)
        • Mama River Basin
          • Maigunda River
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
    • Tuva Republic
      • Sangilen Upland
Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Afrikanda
Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Can. Miner., Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
        • Khibiny Massif
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
          • Eveslogchorr Mt
            • Astrophyllite Stream
Pekov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp11-16
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Azarova, Y. V., Shlyukova, Z. V., Zolotarev Jr, A. A., & Organova, N. I. (2009). Burovaite-Ca,(Na, K) 4Ca2 (Ti, Nb) 8 [Si4O12] 4 (OH, O) 8· 12H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral species and its place in low-temperature mineral formation in pegmatites of the Khibiny pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(8), 774-783.
          • Koashva Mt
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
[AmMin 85:1844]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1450–1458, 2009
          • Kukisvumchorr Mt
            • East slope
              • Tuliok River head
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Lapis 28(12), 46-47 (2003)
Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
American Mineralogist, Volume 92, pages 1525-1530, 2007
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
No reference listed
P.M. Kartashov data
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2003): 10: 461-480.
Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; luigi chiapino
        • Lovozero Massif
          • Alluaiv Mt
            • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Khomyakov A P, Shumyatskaya N G, Polezhaeva L T (1992) Shomiokite-(Y), Na3Y(CO3)3·3H2O: a new mineral, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 121, issue 6 129-132 ; Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
New Data on Minerals M., 2004 Vol 39 pp 5-13
          • Seidozero Lake
Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 735-746 (2005)
          • Suoluai River Valley
            • Kuamdespakhk Mt
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
      • Northern Karelia
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
Wooley (2001) 269-270.
Minerals of South Africa
Sweden
 
  • Östergötland
    • Ödeshög
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
Törnebohm, A. (1906): Katapleitsyenit, en nyupptäkt varietet af nefelinsyenit i Sverige. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, C 199: 1-54; Thulin, H. (2000): Norra Kärr-Några nya fynd och undersökningar. Litiofilen, 17 (2): 25-45
Thulin, H. (2000): Norra Kärr-Några nya fynd och undersökningar. Litiofilen, 17 (2): 25-45
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (2001) 76:257; Rocks and Minerals, (1976) 51:495-507
“Smith, A.E., Jr., 1996, Collecting Arkansas Minerals: A R“Smith, A.E., Jr., 1994, “Through the Scope: Collecting Microminerals at Cove Creek, Magnet Cove, Arkansas”: Rocks & Minerals, 69:180-185.eference and Guide.” and
Rocks & Min.:63:109.
Karl Estes (1998) Mineral News, 14, #5, 8-10.
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
  • Montana
    • Meagher Co.
www.cseg.ca/conferences/2000/376.PDF.; Chakhmouradian A.R. & Mitchell R.H. (2002) The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 143, 93-114.
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax Co.
      • Springer
        • Point of Rocks Mesa (Pecks Mesa)
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
    • Otero Co.
      • Cornudas Mts
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 34, pp.335-347 (1996); USGS Open-File Report 02-189
  • Virginia
    • Augusta Co.
      • Parnassus
http://csmres.jmu.edu/geollab/baedke/dept/abs2002.pdf.; Raiter, E. et al (2002) 29th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Abstracts of contributed papers, 15.; Rocks & Minerals 84:352-362.
  • Wisconsin
    • Marathon Co.
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
Rocks & Min.: 62: 190-193.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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