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Celsian

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Anders Celsius
Formula:
BaAl2Si2O8
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Colourless, white, yellow
Hardness:
6 - 6½
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1895 by Stens Anders Hjalmar Sjögren in honor of Anders Celsius [November 27, 1701 Uppsala, Sweden - April 25, 1744 Uppsala, Sweden], Swedish astronomer, physicist, and naturalist. He had the Astronomical Observatory built and he experimented with standardizing temperature measurements and the Celsius temperature scale is also named in his honor.
Dimorph of:
Feldspar Group. Celsian-Hyalophane Series; Celsian-Orthoclase Series.
The distinctly monoclinic (115.2°) dimorph of Paracelsian.
See also Barium-Nepheline.

Classification of Celsian

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
9.FA.30

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
A : Tektosilicates without additional non-tetrahedral anions
76.1.1.4

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
1 : Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
16.12.4

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
12 : Aluminosilicates of Sr, Ba and Zn
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-928.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Celsian

Year of Discovery:
1895

Occurrences of Celsian

Geological Setting:
Amphibolite regional or contact metamorphic rocks rich in barium

Physical Properties of Celsian

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless, white, yellow
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
6 - 6½
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {001}, good on {010}, poor on {110}
Density:
3.10 - 3.39 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.26 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Celsian

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.622(4) Å, b = 13.078(6) Å, c = 14.411(8) Å
β = 115.2°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.659 : 1 : 1.102
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,470.31 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Short prismatic to acicular crystals, commonly massive
Twinning:
Simple twins in accordance with the
Manebach, Baveno, or Carlsbad laws.
Comment:
Space group I2/c (non-standard setting).
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Celsian

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.580 - 1.584 nβ = 1.585 - 1.587 nγ = 1.594 - 1.596
2V:
Measured: 86° to 90°, Calculated: 62° to 74°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.014
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of Celsian

Formula:
BaAl2Si2O8
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Fe,Mg,Ca,Na,K,F

Relationship of Celsian to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Hyalophane (see here)
Forms a series with Orthoclase (see here)
Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AlbiteNaAlSi3O8
Amazonite
Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
AnorthiteCaAl2Si2O8
Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
BanalsiteBaNa2[Al2Si2O8]2
Buddingtonite(NH4)AlSi3O8
Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
DmisteinbergiteCaAl2Si2O8
Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
MicroclineKAlSi3O8
Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
OrthoclaseKAlSi3O8
ParacelsianBaAl2Si2O8
ReedmergneriteNa[BSi3O8]
SanidineKAlSi3O8
Slawsonite(Sr,Ca)Al2Si2O8
StronalsiteSrNa2[Al2Si2O8]2
SvyatoslaviteCaAl2Si2O8
9.FA.05KaliophiliteKAlSiO4
9.FA.05KalsiliteKAlSiO4
9.FA.05Nepheline(Na,K)AlSiO4
9.FA.05Panunzite(K,Na)AlSiO4
9.FA.05Trikalsilite(K,Na)AlSiO4
9.FA.05Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]
9.FA.05MegakalsiliteKAlSiO4
9.FA.10MalinkoiteNaBSiO4
9.FA.15VirgiliteLiAlSi2O6
9.FA.25LisitsyniteKBSi2O6
9.FA.30AdulariaKAlSi3O8
9.FA.30Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
9.FA.30Buddingtonite(NH4)AlSi3O8
9.FA.30Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
9.FA.30MicroclineKAlSi3O8
9.FA.30OrthoclaseKAlSi3O8
9.FA.30SanidineKAlSi3O8
9.FA.30Rubicline(Rb,K)AlSi3O8
9.FA.30MonalbiteNaAlSi3O8
9.FA.35AlbiteNaAlSi3O8
9.FA.35Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
9.FA.35AnorthiteCaAl2Si2O8
9.FA.35Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
9.FA.35Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
9.FA.35Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
9.FA.35ReedmergneriteNa[BSi3O8]
9.FA.40ParacelsianBaAl2Si2O8
9.FA.45SvyatoslaviteCaAl2Si2O8
9.FA.45KumdykoliteNaAlSi3O8
9.FA.50Slawsonite(Sr,Ca)Al2Si2O8
9.FA.55LisetiteCaNa2Al4Si4O16
9.FA.60BanalsiteBaNa2[Al2Si2O8]2
9.FA.60StronalsiteSrNa2[Al2Si2O8]2
9.FA.65DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
9.FA.65MaleeviteBaB2Si2O8
9.FA.65PekoviteSrB2Si2O8
9.FA.70Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
9.FA.75KokchetaviteKAlSi3O8
16.12.1StronalsiteSrNa2[Al2Si2O8]2
16.12.2Slawsonite(Sr,Ca)Al2Si2O8
16.12.3Brewsterite
16.12.5ParacelsianBaAl2Si2O8
16.12.6CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
16.12.7EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
16.12.8BanalsiteBaNa2[Al2Si2O8]2
16.12.9Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
16.12.10Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
16.12.11BalipholiteBaLiMg2Al3(Si2O6)2(OH)4
16.12.12ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
16.12.13Wellsite(Ba,Ca,K2)Al2Si6O16 · 6H2O
16.12.14Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
16.12.15Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2
16.12.16Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
16.12.17SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
16.12.18Minehillite(K,Na)2-3Ca28Zn4Al4Si40O112(OH)16
16.12.19HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
16.12.20Baileychlore(Zn,Fe,Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8

Other Names for Celsian

Name in Other Languages:
Dutch:Celsiaan
German:Celsian
Italian:Celsiana
Portuguese:Celsiana
Simplified Chinese:钡长石
Traditional Chinese:鋇長石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Celsian

Reference List:
Dana, E.S. (1899) Dana's system of mineralogy, (6th edition), appendix I, 15.

Spencer, L.J. (1942) Barium feldspars, (celsian and paracelsian) from Wales. Mineralogical Magazine, 26, 231-245.

Deer, W.A., R.A. Howie, and J. Zussman (1963) Rock-forming Minerals, vol. 4, framework silicates, 166-178.

Gay, P. (1965) An X-ray powder method for the estimation of (K,Ba) feldspars. Mineralogical Magazine, 34, 204-213.

Gay, P. & Roy, N.N. (1965): The mineralogy of the potassium-barium feldspar series: III. Subsolid relationships. Mineralogical Magazine 36, 914-932.

A. P. Mall und V. Rudert (1974): Studies in the system KAlSiO4-BaAl2Si2O8-SiO2-H2O. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 48, 81-88.

Griffen, D.T. and P.H. Ribbe (1976): Refinement of the crystal structure of celsian. American Mineralogist, 61, 414-418.

Fortey, N.J. and B. Beddoe-Stephens (1982): Barium silicates in stratabound Ba-Zn mineralization in the Scottish Dalradian. Mineralogical Magazine, 46, 63-72.

Internet Links for Celsian

Localities for Celsian

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Antarctica
 
  • Buckley Island quadrangle
    • Lewis Cliff
Crozaz, G., Lundberg, L. L. & McKay, G. (1988) Rare Earth Elements (REE) in the Unique Achondrite LEW 86010. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XIX: p. 231. (March 1988)
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
No reference listed
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
      • Mount Isa district
        • Hilton deposits
Knights, J.G., 1985, Hilton Silver-Lead-Zinc-Copper Ore Mineralogy. unpublished
  • Tasmania
    • Rosebery district
      • Rosebery
Bottrill, R.S. & Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Bull. 73. Tasmanian Geological Survey
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Waitschach
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
Brazil
 
  • Rio de Janeiro
    • Angra dos Reis
      • Ilha Grande
Prinz, M., Keil, K., Hlava, P. F., Berkely, J. L., Gomes, C. B. & Curvello, W. S. (1977) Studies of Brazilian meteorites. III - Origin and history of the Angra DOS Reis achondrite: Earth and Planetary Science Letters 35 (2): 317-330. (June 1977)
Burma (Myanmar)
 
  • Kachin State
    • Mohnyin District (Moe Hnyin District)
      • Hpakant Township (Hpakan; Phakant; Phakan)
Shi, G., Harlow, G.E., Wang, J. Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., Cao, G. & Cui, W. (2012): Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar:a review with new data. Eur. J. Mineral. 24, 345–370
Shi, G., Harlow, G. E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., ... & Cui, W. (2012). Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(2), 345-370.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Clinton Mining Division
British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, Geological Fieldwork, 1986, Paper 1987-1, pp. 15-22
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Wicheeda Lake
Dalsin, M.L. (2013) The Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Geochronology of the Wicheeda Carbonatite Complex, British Columbia. M.Sc. Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.
    • Revelstoke Mining Division
Am Min 90: 1655-1660
  • New Brunswick
    • Gloucester Co.
      • Bathurst Parish
        • Bathurst Mining Camp
McClenaghan, S.H., Lentz, D.R., Martin, J., and Diegor, W.G. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 523-557.
  • Yukon Territory
    • Watson Lake Mining District
      • Itsi Mt.
        • Wilson Lake
Can.Min.22:653-658; Alfors, J.T. & Pabst, A. (1984): Titanian taramellites in western North America, American Mineralogist, 69, 358-373.
      • Macmillan Pass
Econ Geol (1985) 80:1257-1276
Econ Geol (1989)84:841-856
China
 
  • Gansu Province
    • Longnan Prefecture
      • Cheng Co.
Can. J. Earth Sci. 44: 479–492 (2007)
  • Henan Province
    • Luoyang Prefecture
      • Luanchuan Co.
Haiqi Yan, Yuhua Pei, Yaowu Song, and Hui Yun (2007): Mineral Resources and Geology 21(3), 245-250
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Moravia-Silesia Region
      • Rýmařov
Fojt, B. et al.: Paragenetická charakteristika ložisek Pb-Zn rud v širším okolí Horního Města u Rýmařova. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 2007, 92, 3-57.
    • Olomouc Region
      • Šumperk (Mährisch Schönberg)
        • Ruda nad Moravou
Novák M. Gadas P. (2010) ZONED, ANORTHITE- AND GROSSULARITE-BEARING, LEUCOTONALITIC PEGMATITE FROM SERPENTINIZED LHERZOLITE AT RUDA NAD MORAVOU, STARÉ MĚSTO UNIT, CZECH REPUBLIC. Can Miner 48 (3): 629-650.
Souček, J., Jelínek, E.: Celsian v kvarcitu ze Zlatých Hor. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1973, vol. 17, nos. 1-2, s. 97-109.
Pauliš, P.: Die interessanten mineralogische Fundstellen in Mähren und Schlesien. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2001.
Finland
 
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Vihanti
Sergeeva, N. E., Eremin, N. I., & Dergachev, A. L. (2011, February). Vanadium mineralization in ore of the Vihanti massive sulfide base-metal deposit, Finland. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 436, No. 2, pp. 210-212). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
France
 
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Haute-Garonne
      • Baren
Jean-Marie Laurent's collection
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
        • Andros Island
Reinecke, T. (1982): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 79, 333-336.
India
 
  • West Bengal
    • Purulia District
Baidya, Tapan Kumar, Sen, Gautam, and Chakravorty, Priya Shankar, 1981, Uranium Occurrences in and Around Nawahatu, Purulia District, West Bengal, India - A Preliminay Report, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 970-973.
      • Nawahatu
Baidya, Tapan Kumar, Sen, Gautam, and Chakravorty, Priya Shankar, 1981, Uranium Occurrences in and Around Nawahatu, Purulia District, West Bengal, India - A Preliminay Report, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 970-973.
Baidya, Tapan Kumar, Sen, Gautam, and Chakravorty, Priya Shankar, 1981, Uranium Occurrences in and Around Nawahatu, Purulia District, West Bengal, India - A Preliminay Report, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 970-973.
Baidya, Tapan Kumar, Sen, Gautam, and Chakravorty, Priya Shankar, 1981, Uranium Occurrences in and Around Nawahatu, Purulia District, West Bengal, India - A Preliminay Report, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 970-973.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • La Spezia Province
      • Rocchetta Vara
        • Mt. Dragnone
Balestra C. (2014): Sistematica ligure 2014. Prie, 10, 35-37.
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Colico
        • Piona Peninsula
Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
    • Varese Province
      • Ceresio Valley
No reference listed
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baveno
        • Oltrefiume
          • Mount Camoscio
American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789
      • Ossola Valley
        • Divedro Valley
          • Trasquera
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Mergozzo
          • Candoglia
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
• Stara, P. Rizzo, R., Tanca, G., Vinci A. (1994): Su Zurfuru. 1° parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1993, 215-236.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Niigata Prefecture
Shi, G., Harlow, G. E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., ... & Cui, W. (2012). Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(2), 345-370.
www.city.itoigawa.niigata.jp/fmm/detail-menu2/min109-corundum/corundum.html (in matrix of corundum-bearing river cobbles)
    • Kanto Region
      • Tochigi Prefecture
        • Kanuma City
Akira Kato (undated manuscript): Country rock and Minerals of the Kaso mine, Kanuma City, Tochigi Prefecture. (in japanese)
      • Tokyo Metropolis
        • Nishi-Tama-gun
          • Okutama-cho
[MinRec 32:419]; Matsubara S, Miyawaki R, Yokoyama K, Shimizu M, Imai H (2004) Tokyoite, Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH), a new mineral from the Shiromaru mine, Okutama, Tokyo, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 99, 363-367
    • Kinki Region
      • Kyoto Prefecture
        • Kizugawa City
Am Min 85:242-250; Tanaka, H. et al. (2010) Momoiite (Mn2+,Ca)3(V3+,Al)2Si3O12, a new manganese vanadium garnet from Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 105, 92-96.
        • Kyoto City
          • Ukyou-ku
Masutomi Museum specimen (Kyoto)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Kunohe-gun
          • Noda-mura
Am Min 85:242-250
  • Shikoku Island
    • Kochi Prefecture
      • Konan City
Handbook of Mineralogy, (c) 2001.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Almaty Province (Almaty Oblysy; Almati Oblast')
    • Tekeli
Am Min 90:1163-1166
Mexico
 
  • Baja California (Baja California Norte; BC Norte)
    • Tres Pozos
American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984
  • Baja California Sur (BC Sur)
    • Mun. de Mulegé
      • Vizcaíno Peninsula
        • Sierra San Andres
Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Namibia
 
  • Karas Region
    • Lüderitz District
      • Rosh Pinah
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 395 pp. (in English)
  • Otjozondjupa Region
Viswanathan, K., & Brandt, K. (1980). The crystal structure of a ternary (BarKrNa)-feldspar and its significance. American Mineralogist, 65, 472-476.
Romania
 
  • Suceava Co.
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Taikan Ridge
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Turii Cape
Keith Bell, Elizabeth Ann Dunworth, Andrei G. Bulakh, and Valeriy V. Ivanikov (1996) Alkaline rocks of the Turiy Peninsula, Russia, including type-locality turjaite and turjite; a review. Can Mineral, v. 34, p. 265-280
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Sedel'nikovo
Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
South Korea
 
  • Chungcheongbukdo (Chungchong-pukto)
    • Goesan-gun (Koesan-gun)
Gi Young Jeong (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 469-481.
  • Gyeonggi-do (Kyonggi-do)
Jeong, G. Y & Kim, Y. H. (1999): Goldmanite from the black slates of the Ogcheon belt, Korea. Mineralogical Magazine, 63, 253-256.
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
Moro, M.C., Cembranos, M.L., and Fernandez, A. (2001): Canadian Mineralogist 39, 1039-1051.
      • Losacino
        • Vide de Alba
Moro, M.C.,Cembranos,M.L. y Fernandez,A. (2001) Celsian, (Ba,K)-feldspar and cymrite from SEDEX barite deposits of Zamora, Spain. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39, 1039-1051
Sweden
 
  • Södermanland
    • Nyköping
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
GFF (1895) 17, 578; Holtstam, D. & Norrestam, R. (1993): Lindqvistite Pb2MeFe16O27,a novel hexagonal ferrite mineral from Jakobsberg, Filipstad, Sweden. American Mineralogist. 78, 1304-1312
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Ayer
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Brig
      • Simplon pass area
        • Ganter valley
          • Wasen Alp
Lapis 29(2), 37-40 (2004); Graeser S., Hetherington C.J., Gieré R. (2003): Ganterite, a new barium-dominant analogue of muscovite from the Berisal Complex, Simplon Region, Switzerland. Canadian Mineralogist 41, 1271-1280.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Tayside
      • Aberfeldy
No reference listed
Richard Bell Collection
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Lleyn Peninsula
        • Llanfaelrhys
          • Nant-y-Gadwen
Cotterell, T.F., 2006. Caryopilite and pyroxmangite from Nant Mine, Nant-y-Gadwen, Llanfaelrhys, Pen Llyn, Gwynedd, Wales UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, 27, 51-53.
          • Rhiw
Spencer, L.J. (1942) Barium feldspars, (celsian and paracelsian) from Wales. Mineralogical Magazine, 26, 231-245; BMS Collection.; UKJMM Vol.29 p.14
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Juneau Borough
      • Admiralty District
Cliff D. Taylor (April 2001) The Greens Creek massive sulfide deposit, southeastern Alaska. Denver Region Exploration Geologists' Society abstracts
    • Southeast Fairbanks Borough
      • Fortymile District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
      • Alaska Range
Amer. Mineral (1929) 14:319-322
  • Arizona
    • Yavapai Co.
Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 48.
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Big Creek-Rush Creek District
        • Rush Creek deposit
          • Big Creek
[MinRec 33:161]; American Mineralogist (1981), Volume 66, pages 1050-1053; Canadian Mineralogist (2001): 39:1053-1058.
          • Rush Creek
Mineralogical Record (2002): 33: 163.
    • Mariposa Co.
      • East Belt
        • Clearing House District
          • Clearing House
            • Trumbull Peak
Rogers, Austin Flint (1932), Sanbornite, a new barium silicate mineral from Maricopa County, California: American Mineralogist: 17: 171; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 361; Mineralogical Record (1999): 30: 414; American Mineralogist (1981): 66: 1050-1053; Canadian Mineralogist (1984): 22: 653-658.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Santa Cruz
Gross, E.B., Chesterman, C.W., Dunning, G.E., and Cooper, J.F. (1967) Mineralogy of the Kalkar quarry, Santa Cruz, California. California Division Mines and Geol. Special Report 92: 8; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 365.
    • Tulare Co.
      • Dumtah
American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984; Mineralogical Record: 34(2): 159-166
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Corral Creek District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Open-File Report 98-338 chapter 11
      • Lee District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Open-File Report 98-338 chapter 11
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Golconda District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Battle Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Frondel, et al: Am. Min.:51:1388-1393 (1966); Frondel, C.: The minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill - a checklist (1972); Dunn(1995):Pt4:509.
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
Van King
Mineral and/or Locality  
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