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Cerite-(Ce)

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The dwarf planet Ceres
Formula:
(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
System:
Trigonal
Hardness:
Member of:
Name:
First described by Cronstedt (1751) as "tungsten". Named by Hisinger & Berzelius (1804) as cerite, after the dwarf planet Ceres discovered by the Italian astronomer Guiseppe Piazzi in 1801.
Isostructural with:
The cerium analogue of Cerite-(La). Isostructural with phosphates of Whitlockite group.

Classification of Cerite-(Ce)

Approved
9.AG.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
G : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in > [6] +- [6] coordination
52.4.6.1

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
4 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
14.8.13

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
8 : Silicates of Group III metals other than Al
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Type Occurrence of Cerite-(Ce)

Physical Properties of Cerite-(Ce)

Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Cerite-(Ce)

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
R3c
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.779(6) Å, c = 38.061(7) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 3.531
Unit Cell Volume:
V 3,829.73 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
6

Optical Data of Cerite-(Ce)

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.806 - 1.810 nε = 1.810 - 1.820
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.004
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of Cerite-(Ce)

Formula:
(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Cerite-(Ce) to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Cerite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
9.AG.05AbswurmbachiteCuMn63+(SiO4)O8
9.AG.05BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
9.AG.05NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
9.AG.05Braunite-IICaMn143+(SiO4)O20
9.AG.10Långbanite(Mn2+,Ca)4(Mn3+,Fe3+)9Sb5+(SiO4)2O16
9.AG.15MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)O
9.AG.15TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
9.AG.15VanadomalayaiteCaV4+(SiO4)O
9.AG.15Natrotitanite(Na0.5Y0.5)Ti(SiO4)O
9.AG.20Cerite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
9.AG.20Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
9.AG.25Trimounsite-(Y)Y2Ti2(SiO4)O5
9.AG.25Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
9.AG.30SitinakiteKNa2Ti4(SiO4)2O5(OH) · 4H2O
9.AG.35KittatinnyiteCa2Mn2Mn(SiO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
9.AG.40aNatisiteNa2Ti(SiO4)O
9.AG.40bParanatisiteNa2Ti(SiO4)O
9.AG.45Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
9.AG.45Törnebohmite-(La)(La,Ce)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
9.AG.50Kuliokite-(Y)Y4Al(SiO4)2(OH)2F5
9.AG.55ChantaliteCaAl2(SiO4)(OH)4
9.AG.60MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
9.AG.60VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
9.AG.65HatruriteCa3(SiO4)O
9.AG.70JasmunditeCa11(SiO4)4O2S
9.AG.75AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
9.AG.80BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
9.AG.85ZoltaiiteBaV24+V123+(SiO4)2O19
9.AG.90Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O4
14.8.1Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
14.8.2Keiviite-(Y)(Y,Yb)2[Si2O7]
14.8.3Keiviite-(Yb)(Yb,Y)2Si2O7
14.8.4Tombarthite-(Y)Y4(Si,H4)4O12-x(OH)4+2x
14.8.5Thortveitite(Sc,Y)2Si2O7
14.8.6Sazhinite-(Ce)Na3Ce[Si6O15] · 6H2O
14.8.7Monteregianite-(Y)(Na,K)6(Y,Ca)2Si16O38 · 10H2O
14.8.8Iraqite-(La)K(Ca,Na)2(La,Ce,Th)[(Si,Al)8O20]
14.8.9Ashcroftine-(Y)K5Na5(Y,Ca)12Si28O70(OH)2(CO3)8 · 8H2O
14.8.10Nordite-(La)(La,Ce)(Sr,Ca)Na2(Na,Mn)(Zn,Mg)Si6O17
14.8.11Nordite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Sr,Ca)Na2(Na,Mn)(Zn,Mg)Si6O17
14.8.12Jervisite(Na,Ca,Fe2+)(Sc,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
14.8.14CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)

Other Names for Cerite-(Ce)

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cerite-(Ce)

Reference List:
Cronstedt, A.F. (1751): Rön och försök giorde med trenne järnmalms arter. K. Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar. 12, 226-232.[as tungsten]

Hisinger, W. & Berzelius, J.J. (1804): Cerium, en ny Metall funnen i Bastnäs Tungsten från Riddarhyttan i Westmanland. Henrik A. Nordström, Stockholm, Sweden.

Klaproth, M.H. (1807): Chemische Untersuchung des Cererits, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Vierter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 140-152

Gay, P.(1957): The crystallography of cerite. American Mineralogist. 42: 429-432.

American Mineralogist. 43: 460-475.

American Mineralogist. 68: 996-1003.


Internet Links for Cerite-(Ce)

Localities for Cerite-(Ce)

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Angola
 
  • Namibe Province
    • Tombwa City Council
L. Torró, C. Villanova, M. Castillo, M. Campeny, A. O. Gonçalves and J. C. Melgarejo (2012): Niobium and rare earth minerals from the Virulundo carbonatite, Namibe, Angola. Mineral. Mag. 76, 393-409.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Mt Babbage area (Inlier)
Wulser PA et al. U-Th-REE mobility in and around the Mt Painter & Mt Babbage inliers, Northern Flinders Ranges, South Australia. 2005, Abstracts Geol. Soc. Austra. Vol.78
Burundi
 
  • Bujumbura Rural Province
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • Gowganda area
          • Nichol Township
Petruk (1971): The Silver-Arsenide Deposits of the Cobalt-Gowganda Region, Ontario. Can. Mineral. 11, 232-262
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
    • Outaouais
http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/ceritece.pdf.
        • Val-des-Bois
Sabina, A.P. (1986) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Buckingham - Mont-Laurier - Grenville, Quebec Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 33, 33 p.
      • Pontiac RCM
        • Otter Lake
Sabina, Ann P., Geological Survey of Canada paper 70-50. ; M A G Lafontaine (1979) Uranium-Thorium Deposite at the Yates Mine, Huddersfield Township, Quebec. MSc thesis, University of Ottawa.
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Sodankylä
Thair, Al-Ani and Sarapää, Olli (2012): REE-mineralogy of arkosic gneisses from Mäkärä-Vaulo area, Tana belt, Northern Finland. Geologian Tutkimuskesus. Arkistoraportti 73/2011
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Freiberg District
Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 67-80.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Bagnolo Piemonte
        • Ortieul
Finello, G., Ambrino, P., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G., Bracco, R. (2007): I minerali della “Pietra di Luserna”, Piemonte, Italia nord-occidentale. I. Alcune cave di gneiss della Val Luserna. Micro (località), 2/2007, 181-226.; Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
Madagascar
 
  • Antsiranana Province
    • Diana Region (Northern Region)
      • Ambanja District
        • Ampasindava Peninsula
Estrade, G., et al.: REE and HFSE mineralization in peralkaline granites of the Ambohimirahavavy alkaline complex, Ampasindava peninsula, Madagascar. J. Afr. Earth Sci. (2013), (article in press)
Mongolia
 
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
P.M. Kartashov data
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
Paula Piilonen, unpublished results
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Hamarøy
Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p (p. 314)
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Knut Eldjarn collection
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Portugal
 
  • Azores District
    • San Miguel Island
Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
    • Ditrău (Ditró)
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
    • Gheorgheni
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Vitim Plateau
          • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
            • Biraya Fe-REE ore occurrence
A. Konev et al.: Eur. J. Min. 17(5):715–721 (2005)
    • Tuva Republic
      • Sangilen Upland
Kapustin Yu.L. (1989) Cerite and ternebohmite from fenites of alkaline massifs of Tuva, - Zapiski VMO, 118(4), p. 47-56 (in Rus.)
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Afrikanda
Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Can. Miner., Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
        • Khibiny Massif
CanMin 40:1177-1184
        • Lovozero Massif
          • Suoluai River Valley
            • Kuamdespakhk Mt
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Kyshtym (Kychtym; Kishtim)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 290; N.P. Yushkin e.a. Introduction in topomineralogy of Ural, -"Nauka", Moscow, 1986,p.294.
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Pilanesberg Alkaline Complex
Minerals of South Africa
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Avesta
      • Möklinta ore field
        • Knutsbo mines
  • Närke
    • Örebro
Jonsson, Erik; Högdahl, Karin; Sahlström, Fredrik; Majka, Jarek (2014) BIF-hosted REE silicate mineralisation at Högfors, Bergslagen, Sweden. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
  • Västmanland
    • Nora
      • Rödberg Mines
Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
    • Norberg
      • Getback ore field
Jansson, M. Förekomster med ceriummineral i stråket Möklinta, Norberg, Riddarhyttan och Nora.
Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
Collection of Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm, Sweden nr 19540027, 19660293, 19660294 and 19660295; Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
      • Röberg ore field
Peacor, D. R. & Dunn, P. J.: (1988): Dollaseite-(Ce) (magnesium orthite redefined): Structure refinement and implications for F + M2+ substitutions in epidote-group minerals. American Mineralogist. 73: 838- 842; Jansson, M. Förekomster med ceriummineral i stråket Möklinta, Norberg, Riddarhyttan och Nora.
No reference listed
    • Skinnskatteberg
      • Riddarhyttan
Hisinger, W. & Berzelius, J.J.(1804): Cerium: ein neuer Metall aus einer Schwedischen Steinart, Bastnäs Tungstein gennant. Neues Allgemeines Journal der Chemie, 2: 397-418
Cronstedt, A.F. (1751): Rön och försök giorde med trenne järnmalms arter. K. Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar. 12, 226-232.; Hisinger, W. & Berzelius, J.J. (1804): Cerium, en ny Metall funnen i Bastnäs Tungsten från Riddarhyttan i Westmanland. Henrik A. Nordström, Stockholm, Sweden.
No reference listed
Turkey
 
  • Mediterranean Region
    • Isparta Province
      • Gölcük District
Mustafa Kumral, Hakan Çoban, and Şemsettin Caran (2013) Th-, U- AND LREE-BEARING GROSSULAR, CHROMIAN FERRIALLANITE-(Ce) AND CHROMIAN CERITE-(Ce) IN SKARN XENOLITHS EJECTED FROM THE GÖLCÜK MAAR CRATER, ISPARTA, ANATOLIA, TURKEY, 2008, Canadian Mineralogist Can Mineral 46:275-276
USA
 
  • California
      • Ivanpah District (Copper World District)
        • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
          • Clark Mountain Sub-District
            • Mountain Pass
Glass, Jewell Jeannette, H.T. Evans, Jr., M.K. Carron & Harry Rose, Jr. (1956), Cerite from Mountain Pass, San Bernardino County, California: American Mineralogist: 41: 665; Gay, Peter (1957), The crystallography of cerite: American Mineralogist: 42: 429-432; Glass, Jewell Jeannette, H.T. Evans, Jr., M.K. Carron & F.A. Hildebrand (1958), Cerite from Mountain Pass, San Bernardino County, California: American Mineralogist: 43: 460-480; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 222, 479; Haxel, G. (2005) Ultrapotassic rocks, carbonatite and rare earth element deposit, Mountain Pass, southern California. In: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Mojava National Preserve, southern California. USGS Bulletin 2160.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Jamestown District
        • Jamestown
Goddard, E.N. and Glass, J.J. (1940): Deposits of radioactive cerite near Jamestown, Colorado. American Mineralogist. 25,381-404 ; Stern, C., Allaz, J., Raschke, M., Cortes, S. and Persson, P. (2013): Proterozoic fluorbritholite-bearing REE-Rich hydrothermal veins from near Jamestown, Colorado. Rocky Mountain Section - 65th Annual Meeting (15-17 May 2013). Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 45, No. 5, p.41
Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 23 (Table A-1).; USGS Prof. Paper 227
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 17, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Jefferson Co.
      • South Platte Pegmatite District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State, p.234
  • New York
    • Saratoga Co.
      • Edinburg Township
        • Batchellerville
Jensen, David (1978) The Minerals of New York State, p.76
Mineral and/or Locality  
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