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Cerite-(Ce)

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Formula:
(Ce,Ca)
 
9
(Mg,Fe)(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
System:TrigonalHardness:
Member of:Cerite Group
Name:
First described by Cronstedt (1751) as "tungsten". Named by Hisinger & Berzelius (1804) as cerite, after the dwarf planet Ceres discovered by the Italian astronomer Guiseppe Piazzi in 1801.
Isostructural with:Whitlockite Group


The cerium analogue of Cerite-(La). Isostructural with phosphates of Whitlockite group.

Classification of Cerite-(Ce)

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/B.19-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.AG.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
G : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in > [6] +- [6] coordination
Dana 8th edition ID:52.4.6.1

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
4 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Hey's CIM Ref.:14.8.13

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
8 : Silicates of Group III metals other than Al
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Type Occurrence of Cerite-(Ce)

Type Locality:St Görans Mine, Bastnäs mines, Riddarhyttan, Skinnskatteberg, Västmanland, Sweden

Physical Properties of Cerite-(Ce)

Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Cerite-(Ce)

Crystal System:Trigonal
Class (H-M):3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:R3c
Cell Parameters:a = 10.779(6) Å, c = 38.061(7) Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 3.531
Unit Cell Volume:V 3,829.73 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:6

Optical Data of Cerite-(Ce)

Type:Uniaxial (+)
RI values: nω = 1.806 - 1.810 nε = 1.810 - 1.820
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.004

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High

Chemical Properties of Cerite-(Ce)

Formula:
(Ce,Ca)
 
9
(Mg,Fe)(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
Simplified for copy/paste:(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Essential elements:Ce, H, Mg, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Ca, Ce, Fe, H, Mg, O, Si

Relationship of Cerite-(Ce) to other Species

Member of:Cerite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Aluminocerite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Ca)
 
9
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
Cerite-(La)
(La,Ce,Ca)
 
9
(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.AG.05Abswurmbachite
CuMn
3+
6
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
8
9.AG.05Braunite
Mn
2+
 
Mn
3+
6
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
8
9.AG.05Neltnerite
CaMn
3+
6
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
8
9.AG.05Braunite-II
CaMn
3+
14
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
20
9.AG.10Långbanite
(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)
 
4
(Mn
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
9
Sb
5+
 
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
16
9.AG.15Malayaite
CaSn(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.15Titanite
CaTi(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.15Vanadomalayaite
CaV
4+
 
(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.15Natrotitanite
(Na
 
0.5
Y
 
0.5
)Ti(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.20Cerite-(La)
(La,Ce,Ca)
 
9
(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
9.AG.20Aluminocerite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Ca)
 
9
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
9.AG.25Trimounsite-(Y)
Y
 
2
Ti
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
5
9.AG.25Yftisite-(Y)
(Y,Dy,Er)
 
4
(Ti,Sn)(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
O(F,OH)
 
6
9.AG.30Sitinakite
KNa
 
2
Ti
 
4
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
5
(OH) · 4H
 
2
O
9.AG.35Kittatinnyite
Ca
 
2
Mn
 
2
Mn(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 9H
 
2
O
9.AG.40aNatisite
Na
 
2
Ti(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.40bParanatisite
Na
 
2
Ti(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.45Törnebohmite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)
 
2
Al(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
9.AG.45Törnebohmite-(La)
(La,Ce)
 
2
Al(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
9.AG.50Kuliokite-(Y)
Y
 
4
Al(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
F
 
5
9.AG.55Chantalite
CaAl
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
9.AG.60Mozartite
CaMn
3+
 
(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
9.AG.60Vuagnatite
CaAl(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
9.AG.65Hatrurite
Ca
 
3
(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.70Jasmundite
Ca
 
11
(SiO
 
4
)
 
4
O
 
2
S
9.AG.75Afwillite
Ca
 
3
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
9.AG.80Bultfonteinite
Ca
 
2
(HSiO
 
4
)F · H
 
2
O
9.AG.85Zoltaiite
BaV
4+
2
V
3+
12
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
19
9.AG.90Tranquillityite
(Fe
2+
 
,Ca)
 
8
(Zr,Y)
 
2
Ti
 
3
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
4
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
14.8.1Thalénite-(Y)
Y
 
3
(Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
14.8.2Keiviite-(Y)
(Y,Yb)
 
2
[Si
 
2
O
 
7
]
14.8.3Keiviite-(Yb)
(Yb,Y)
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
7
14.8.4Tombarthite-(Y)
Y
 
4
(Si,H
 
4
)
 
4
O
 
12-x
(OH)
 
4+2x
14.8.5Thortveitite
(Sc,Y)
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
7
14.8.6Sazhinite-(Ce)
Na
 
3
Ce[Si
 
6
O
 
15
] · 6H
 
2
O
14.8.7Monteregianite-(Y)
(Na,K)
 
6
(Y,Ca)
 
2
Si
 
16
O
 
38
· 10H
 
2
O
14.8.8Iraqite-(La)
K(Ca,Na)
 
2
(La,Ce,Th)[(Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
20
]
14.8.9Ashcroftine-(Y)
K
 
5
Na
 
5
(Y,Ca)
 
12
Si
 
28
O
 
70
(OH)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
8
· 8H
 
2
O
14.8.10Nordite-(La)
(La,Ce)(Sr,Ca)Na
 
2
(Na,Mn)(Zn,Mg)Si
 
6
O
 
17
14.8.11Nordite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(Sr,Ca)Na
 
2
(Na,Mn)(Zn,Mg)Si
 
6
O
 
17
14.8.12Jervisite
(Na,Ca,Fe
2+
 
)(Sc,Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Si
 
2
O
 
6
14.8.14Cascandite
Ca(Sc,Fe
3+
 
)(HSi
 
3
O
 
9
)

Other Names for Cerite-(Ce)

Synonyms:
Bastnäs tungstenCécérite
Other Languages:
German:Cécérit
Cererit
Cerit
Cerit-(Ce)
Kieselcerit
Russian:Церит-(Ce)
Simplified Chinese:硅铈石
铈硅石
Spanish:Cécérita
Cerita
Traditional Chinese:矽鈰石
鈰矽石

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cerite-(Ce)

Reference List:

- +
Cronstedt, A.F. (1751): Rön och försök giorde med trenne järnmalms arter. K. Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar. 12, 226-232.[as tungsten]

Hisinger, W. & Berzelius, J.J. (1804): Cerium, en ny Metall funnen i Bastnäs Tungsten från Riddarhyttan i Westmanland. Henrik A. Nordström, Stockholm, Sweden.

Klaproth, M.H. (1807): Chemische Untersuchung des Cererits, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Vierter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 140-152

Gay, P.(1957): The crystallography of cerite. American Mineralogist. 42: 429-432.

American Mineralogist. 43: 460-475.

American Mineralogist. 68: 996-1003.


Internet Links for Cerite-(Ce)

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  • Localities for Cerite-(Ce)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Angola
     
    • Namibe Province
      • Tombwa City Council
    L. Torró, C. Villanova, M. Castillo, M. Campeny, A. O. Gonçalves and J. C. Melgarejo (2012): Niobium and rare earth minerals from the Virulundo carbonatite, Namibe, Angola. Mineral. Mag. 76, 393-409.
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Flinders Ranges
        • North Flinders Ranges
          • Mt Babbage area (Inlier)
    Wulser PA et al. U-Th-REE mobility in and around the Mt Painter & Mt Babbage inliers, Northern Flinders Ranges, South Australia. 2005, Abstracts Geol. Soc. Austra. Vol.78
    Burundi
     
    • Bujumbura Rural Province
    Canada
     
    • Ontario
      • Timiskaming District
        • Cobalt-Gowganda region
          • Gowganda area
            • Nichol Township
    Petruk (1971): The Silver-Arsenide Deposits of the Cobalt-Gowganda Region, Ontario. Can. Mineral. 11, 232-262
    • Québec
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
      • Outaouais
    http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/ceritece.pdf.
          • Val-des-Bois
    Sabina, A.P. (1986) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Buckingham - Mont-Laurier - Grenville, Quebec Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 33, 33 p.
        • Pontiac RCM
          • Otter Lake
    Sabina, Ann P., Geological Survey of Canada paper 70-50. ; M A G Lafontaine (1979) Uranium-Thorium Deposite at the Yates Mine, Huddersfield Township, Quebec. MSc thesis, University of Ottawa.
    Finland
     
    • Lapland Region
      • Sodankylä
    Thair, Al-Ani and Sarapää, Olli (2012): REE-mineralogy of arkosic gneisses from Mäkärä-Vaulo area, Tana belt, Northern Finland. Geologian Tutkimuskesus. Arkistoraportti 73/2011
    Germany
     
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Freiberg District
    Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 67-80.
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Cuneo Province
        • Bagnolo Piemonte
          • Ortieul
    Finello, G., Ambrino, P., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G., Bracco, R. (2007): I minerali della “Pietra di Luserna”, Piemonte, Italia nord-occidentale. I. Alcune cave di gneiss della Val Luserna. Micro (località), 2/2007, 181-226.; Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
    Madagascar
     
    • Antsiranana Province
      • Diana Region (Northern Region)
        • Ambanja District
          • Ampasindava Peninsula
    Estrade, G., et al.: REE and HFSE mineralization in peralkaline granites of the Ambohimirahavavy alkaline complex, Ampasindava peninsula, Madagascar. J. Afr. Earth Sci. (2013), (article in press)
    Mongolia
     
    • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
      • Altai Mts
    P.M. Kartashov data
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Namibia
     
    • Khomas Region
      • Windhoek District
        • Aris
    Paula Piilonen, unpublished results
    Norway
     
    • Nordland
      • Hamarøy
    Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p (p. 314)
    • Telemark
      • Porsgrunn
        • Mørje
          • Sagåsen
    Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
    Knut Eldjarn collection
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    Romania
     
    • Harghita Co.
      • Ditrău (Ditró)
    Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
      • Gheorgheni
    Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Vitim Plateau
            • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
              • Biraya Fe-REE ore occurrence
    A. Konev et al.: Eur. J. Min. 17(5):715–721 (2005)
      • Tuva Republic
        • Sangilen Upland
    Kapustin Yu.L. (1989) Cerite and ternebohmite from fenites of alkaline massifs of Tuva, - Zapiski VMO, 118(4), p. 47-56 (in Rus.)
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Afrikanda
    Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Can. Miner., Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
          • Khibiny Massif
    CanMin 40:1177-1184
          • Lovozero Massif
            • Suoluai River Valley
              • Kuamdespakhk Mt
    Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
          • Kyshtym (Kychtym; Kishtim)
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 290; N.P. Yushkin e.a. Introduction in topomineralogy of Ural, -"Nauka", Moscow, 1986,p.294.
    South Africa
     
    • North West Province
      • Bojanala Platinum District
        • Western Bushveld Complex
          • Pilanesberg Alkaline Complex
    Minerals of South Africa
    Sweden
     
    • Dalarna
      • Avesta
        • Möklinta ore field
          • Knutsbo mines
    • Närke
      • Örebro
    Jonsson, Erik; Högdahl, Karin; Sahlström, Fredrik; Majka, Jarek (2014) BIF-hosted REE silicate mineralisation at Högfors, Bergslagen, Sweden. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
    • Västmanland
      • Nora
        • Rödberg Mines
    Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
      • Norberg
        • Getback ore field
    Jansson, M. Förekomster med ceriummineral i stråket Möklinta, Norberg, Riddarhyttan och Nora.
    Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
    Collection of Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm, Sweden nr 19540027, 19660293, 19660294 and 19660295; Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
        • Röberg ore field
    Peacor, D. R. & Dunn, P. J.: (1988): Dollaseite-(Ce) (magnesium orthite redefined): Structure refinement and implications for F + M2+ substitutions in epidote-group minerals. American Mineralogist. 73: 838- 842; Jansson, M. Förekomster med ceriummineral i stråket Möklinta, Norberg, Riddarhyttan och Nora.
    No reference listed
      • Skinnskatteberg
        • Riddarhyttan
    Hisinger, W. & Berzelius, J.J.(1804): Cerium: ein neuer Metall aus einer Schwedischen Steinart, Bastnäs Tungstein gennant. Neues Allgemeines Journal der Chemie, 2: 397-418
    Cronstedt, A.F. (1751): Rön och försök giorde med trenne järnmalms arter. K. Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar. 12, 226-232.; Hisinger, W. & Berzelius, J.J. (1804): Cerium, en ny Metall funnen i Bastnäs Tungsten från Riddarhyttan i Westmanland. Henrik A. Nordström, Stockholm, Sweden.
    No reference listed
    Turkey
     
    • Mediterranean Region
      • Isparta Province
        • Gölcük District
    Mustafa Kumral, Hakan Çoban, and Şemsettin Caran (2013) Th-, U- AND LREE-BEARING GROSSULAR, CHROMIAN FERRIALLANITE-(Ce) AND CHROMIAN CERITE-(Ce) IN SKARN XENOLITHS EJECTED FROM THE GÖLCÜK MAAR CRATER, ISPARTA, ANATOLIA, TURKEY, 2008, Canadian Mineralogist Can Mineral 46:275-276
    USA
     
    • California
        • Ivanpah District (Copper World District)
          • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
            • Clark Mountain Sub-District
              • Mountain Pass
    Glass, Jewell Jeannette, H.T. Evans, Jr., M.K. Carron & Harry Rose, Jr. (1956), Cerite from Mountain Pass, San Bernardino County, California: American Mineralogist: 41: 665; Gay, Peter (1957), The crystallography of cerite: American Mineralogist: 42: 429-432; Glass, Jewell Jeannette, H.T. Evans, Jr., M.K. Carron & F.A. Hildebrand (1958), Cerite from Mountain Pass, San Bernardino County, California: American Mineralogist: 43: 460-480; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 222, 479; Haxel, G. (2005) Ultrapotassic rocks, carbonatite and rare earth element deposit, Mountain Pass, southern California. In: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Mojava National Preserve, southern California. USGS Bulletin 2160.
    • Colorado
      • Boulder Co.
        • Jamestown District
          • Jamestown
    Goddard, E.N. and Glass, J.J. (1940): Deposits of radioactive cerite near Jamestown, Colorado. American Mineralogist. 25,381-404 ; Stern, C., Allaz, J., Raschke, M., Cortes, S. and Persson, P. (2013): Proterozoic fluorbritholite-bearing REE-Rich hydrothermal veins from near Jamestown, Colorado. Rocky Mountain Section - 65th Annual Meeting (15-17 May 2013). Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 45, No. 5, p.41
    Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 23 (Table A-1).; USGS Prof. Paper 227
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Gunnison Co.
        • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
    "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 17, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
      • Jefferson Co.
        • South Platte Pegmatite District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Connecticut
      • Middlesex Co.
    Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State, p.234
    • New York
      • Saratoga Co.
        • Edinburg Township
          • Batchellerville
    Jensen, David (1978) The Minerals of New York State, p.76
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