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Chalcoalumite

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Formula:
CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Turquoise-green, pale ...
Lustre:
Vitreous, Dull
Hardness:
Name:
In allusion to its composition, containing copper (CHALC-) and ALUMinum.
Chalcoalumite Group.

Compare also the chemically similar woodwardite.

A chalcoalumite-related, Sb-bearing mineral is described by Kolitsch et al. (2012). Its X-ray powder diffraction pattern is somewhat similar to that of chalcoalumite. The mineral may contain Sb(OH)6 groups replacing SO4 groups in the anionic interlayer.

Classification of Chalcoalumite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
7.DD.75

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
31.3.1.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
3 : (AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
25.2.19

25 : Sulphates
2 : Sulphates of Cu and Ag
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First Recorded Occurrence of Chalcoalumite

General Appearance of First Recorded Material:
Thin crusts.
Year of Discovery:
1925
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Physical Properties of Chalcoalumite

Vitreous, Dull
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Outer layers of structures are vitreous.
Colour:
Turquoise-green, pale blue, bluish-grey; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Sectile
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Several perfect probable. {100}
Density:
2.29 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.25 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Chalcoalumite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2 - Sphenoidal
Space Group:
P21
Cell Parameters:
a = 17.09Å, b = 8.92Å, c = 10.22Å
β = 95.88°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.916 : 1 : 1.146
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,549.77 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Occurs as rather porous, botryoidal crusts comprised of minute, matted fibers. Relatively large, lath-like crystals coat the outsides of the structures.
Twinning:
Twinning of the laths sometimes apparent with the composition face parallel to the long edge and nearly normal to the flat face. These exhibit re-entrant angles, with symmetrical faces and extinction.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
8.502 (100)
7.898 (22)
5.100 (13)
4.786 (22)
4.250 (91)
4.178 (23)
2.520 (11)

Optical Data of Chalcoalumite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.520 nβ = 1.520 nγ = 1.530
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.010
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
relatively strong r
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X= pale green
Y= colorless
Z= robin's egg blue
Comments:
2V small.

Chemical Properties of Chalcoalumite

Formula:
CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Chalcoalumite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
KyrgyzstaniteZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2O
Mbobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
7.DD.05FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
7.DD.10LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
7.DD.10PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
7.DD.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
7.DD.15SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
7.DD.20KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
7.DD.25ChristeliteCu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.30CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.30DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DD.30OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DD.30SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DD.30NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.30EdwardsiteCu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O
7.DD.35Carrboydite[(Ni1-xAlx)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35Honessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFex3+)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35WermlanditeMg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35NatroglaucoceriniteNaxZn8-yAly(SO4)(x+y)/2(OH)16 · 6H2O
7.DD.35NikischeriteFe62+Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2O
7.DD.40Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn22+Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2O
7.DD.45MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2O
7.DD.50Namuwite(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.55Bechererite(Zn,Cu)6Zn2(SO4,HSiO4)2(OH)12
7.DD.60Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
7.DD.65VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
7.DD.70RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
7.DD.75Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
7.DD.75KyrgyzstaniteZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2O
7.DD.80Guarinoite(Zn,Co,Ni)6(SO4)(OH,Cl)10 · 5H2O
7.DD.80Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
7.DD.80Thérèsemagnanite(Co,Zn,Ni)6(SO4)(OH,Cl)10 · 8H2O
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
7.DD.85MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
25.2.1ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
25.2.2BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
25.2.3ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
25.2.4BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
25.2.5DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)O
25.2.6AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
25.2.7BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
25.2.8PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
25.2.9LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
25.2.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
25.2.11KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
25.2.12NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
25.2.13PiypiteK2Cu2(SO4)2O
25.2.14FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3O
25.2.15CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.2.16EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
25.2.17DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
25.2.18LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
25.2.20CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
25.2.21WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
25.2.22CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
25.2.23GuilditeCuFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
25.2.24RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
25.2.26KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2
25.2.27Poitevinite(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO4 · H2O
25.2.28ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6

Other Names for Chalcoalumite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Slowly soluble in cold dilute acids. Observed altered to Gibbsite.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Chalcoalumite

Reference List:
Larsen, E.S. and Vassar, H.E. (1925) Chalcoalumite, a new mineral from Bisbee, Arizona. American Mineralogist: 10: 79-83.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 580-581.

Williams, S.A. and Khin, B.S. (1971) Chalcoalumite from Bisbee, Arizona. Mineralogical Record: 2: 126-127.

Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1772) Chalkoalumit, ein Chalkoalumit-ähnliches Mineral, Magnesiochromit, Pyrolusit, Ranciéit und Todorokit vom Magnesitbergbau Breitenau am Hochlantsch, Steiermark. Pp. 169-171 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LX. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.

Hawthorne, F.C. & Cooper, M.A. (2013): The crystal structure of chalcoalumite: mechanisms of Jahn-Teller-driven distortions in [6]Cu2+-containing oxysalts. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2901-2912.

Internet Links for Chalcoalumite

Specimens:
The following Chalcoalumite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Chalcoalumite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Day, B. E. & Beyer, B. D. (1996): Some mines of the Mt Isa district. Part 3 - The Mt Oxide mine. Australian J. of Mineralogy 2 (1), 3-10.
  • Tasmania
    • Scamander district
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Gurktaler Alpen
      • St Veit an der Glan
        • Äußere Wimitz
G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 191./111.: 43-55 (2001)
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Ankogel group
        • Kleinelend valley
          • Kleinelend glacier
Mikl, A. and Kolitsch, U. (2014): Ein interessanter alpiner Kupfererzgang im Kleinelendtal und seine Mineralien. Mineralienwelt 25 (4), 28-33 (in German).
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Prigglitz
        • Gasteil
Kolitsch, U. & Auer, C. (2014): 1889) Allophan(?), Baryt, Brannerit, Brochantit, Cassiterit, Chalkoalumit, Chalkopyrit, Chamosit, Chrysokoll(?), Covellin, ein Mineral der Cyanotrichitgruppe, Delafossit, Dravit, Hamatit, Jarosit, gediegenes Kupfer, Malachit, Manganoxide, Monazit-(Ce), Muskovit, Pyrit, Quarz, Schwefel, Stannit, Tetraedrit, Woodwardit(?) und Xenotim-(Y) vom bronzezeitlichen Kupferbergbau bei Gasteil, Prigglitz, Niederösterreich. Pp. 121-124 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Habach valley
        • Nasenkopf
Brandstätter, F., Hirche, T., Niedermayr, G. & Walter, F. (2010): 1638) Azurit, Brochantit, Devillin, Linarit, Luddenit (?), Malachit, Mottramit und Wulfenit sowie andere Mineralien aus der Greinerrinne im Habachtal, Salzburg. Pp. 225-227 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1874) Brochantit, Carbonatcyanotrichit und Chalkoalumit aus dem Krumlbachtal, Raurisertal, Salzburg. P. 111 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
    • Kitzbühel Alps
      • Zell am See
        • Uttendorf
U. Kolitsch, H. Putz, R. Poeverlein und F. Brandstätter (2012): Die Mineralien des bronzezeitlichen Bergbaus auf der Viertalalm oberhalb Uttendorf, im Salzburger Pinzgau. Aufschluss 63, 329-335 (in German).
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • St. Jakob-Breitenau
        • Hochlantsch
U.Kolitsch 2011; Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1772) Chalkoalumit, ein Chalkoalumit-ähnliches Mineral, Magnesiochromit, Pyrolusit, Ranciéit und Todorokit vom Magnesitbergbau Breitenau am Hochlantsch, Steiermark. Pp. 169-171 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
    • Liesing - Palten valley
      • Rottenmann
        • Bärndorf
C.Auer (2013)
      • Seiz
        • Wolfsgruben (Wolfgruben)
Kolitsch, U., Postl, W., Brandstätter, F., Bernhard, F., Leikauf, B. & Auer, Ch. (2011): 1713) Beaverit-(Cu), Brochantit, Carbonat-Cyanotrichit, Chalkoalumit und Schwefel aus dem Kupfer-Vorkommen der Wolfsgruben bei Seiz, Liesing-Paltental, Steiermark. Pp. 179-181 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2011): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LX. Carinthia II, 201./121., 135-186.
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Kitzbühel Alps
        • Kitzbühel
          • Jochberg
            • Kupferplatte
Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1864) Brochantit, Carbonatcyanotrichit, Chalkoalumit, Cuprit, Gips, Metazeunerit, Posnjakit und Woodwardit von der Kupferplatte bei Jochberg, Kitzbühl, Tirol. Pp. 103-104 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
      • Pitz valley
        • St Leonhard
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2012): 1741) Brochantit, Chalkoalumit, Carbonatcyanotrichit, Langit, Posnjakit und weitere Mineralien aus einem alten Kupferschurf beim Krummen See bei St. Leonhard im Pitztal, Tirol. Pp. 147-148 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Verviers
      • Plombières-Vieille Montagne District (Plombières-Altenberg)
        • Plombières (Bleyberg)
van Tassel, R., (1979): Minéraux artificiels ou de néoformation à Plombières et Sclaigneaux, Belgique, Bulletin de la Societe Belge de Géologie, 88 (4), 273-279
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Stavelot Massif
      • Vielsalm
du Ry, P., Fouassin, M., Jedwab, J. & Van Tassel, R. (1976): Occurence de chalcoalumite, de minéraux de tellure (teinéite et paratellurite) et de béryl à Salmchâteau, Ardennes belges. Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique, 99, 47.; Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Namur Province
    • Andenne
No reference listed
Bulgaria
 
  • Smolyan Oblast
    • Rhodope Mts
      • Madan ore field
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Annual Report No. 13, 43-45.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
      • Cache Creek
[MinRec 15:92]
  • Ontario
    • Rainy River District
      • Little Turtle Lake Area
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.159
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
      • Zapallar district
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Collahuasi District
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany; http://www.lrz-muenchen.de/~mineralogische-sammlungen-dmg/analysen/Cyanotrichit.htm
    • Iquique Province
      • Chanabaya
Luigi Mattei specimen
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
Jakub Plasil
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Poullaouen
Germain C., Leydet J-C., Saget Ph. (1990), Les minéraux de néoformation de Huelgoat (Finistère), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, 3-16
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Gard
      • Alzon
Patrice Queneau Collection
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Süss
        • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
Schellhorn, M., (1989): Neufunde von den Halden der Grube Glücksrad bei Oberschulenberg/Harz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 40(2), 121-123
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Bergisches Land
      • Engelskirchen
        • Loope
Habel, B. & Linder, R. (2009): Die Grube "Castor" bei Loope und ihre Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 10-23
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Henrich, J. M. (2010): Chalkoalumit - Rarität aus dem Siegerland. Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 14-17.
        • Kohlenbach Valley
Henrich, M. (2009): Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 14-27.
      • Gosenbach
Henrich, J. M. (2010): Chalkoalumit - Rarität aus dem Siegerland. Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 14-17.
Henrich & Reinhardt (2008); Henrich, J. M. (2010): Chalkoalumit - Rarität aus dem Siegerland. Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 14-17.
      • Müsen
Mineralien-Welt 6/2007, 48-55
      • Neunkirchen
Henrich, J. M. (2010): Chalkoalumit - Rarität aus dem Siegerland. Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 14-17.
      • Niederschelden
Henrich, J. M. (2010): Chalkoalumit - Rarität aus dem Siegerland. Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 14-17.
      • Siegen
        • Achenbach
Reinhardt (1997); Henrich, J. M. (2010): Chalkoalumit - Rarität aus dem Siegerland. Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 14-17.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Siegerland
      • Betzdorf
        • Brachbach
Henrich, J. M. (2010): Chalkoalumit - Rarität aus dem Siegerland. Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 14-17.
Henrich, J. M. (2010): Chalkoalumit - Rarität aus dem Siegerland. Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 14-17.
      • Gebhardshain
        • Kausen
Wittern: "Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland", 2001
      • Herdorf
Reinhardt & Henrich (2005); Henrich, J. M. (2010): Chalkoalumit - Rarität aus dem Siegerland. Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 14-17.
      • Wissen
        • Schönstein (Steckenstein)
Henrich, J. M. (2010): Chalkoalumit - Rarität aus dem Siegerland. Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 14-17.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Harzgerode mining district
        • Straßberg
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Annaberg District
        • Königswalde
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2006): Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II). Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 22-27.
Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
No reference listed
GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
            • Hilarion area
Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Sestri Levante
Palenzona, A. & Borgo, E. (1988): I Nostri Minerali. Geologia e Mineralogia in Liguria. Aggiornamento 1988. Sagep, Ed., Genova
  • Piedmont
    • Alessandria Province
      • Voltaggio
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo), 607 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Villaputzu
Ciriotti M.E. and Blass.G. (2010) - Pot-pourri 2009: identificazioni UKiS AMI. Minerali italiani di interesse.. Micro (UK report), pagg. 124-127
    • Nuoro Province
      • Gadoni
Ciriotti, M.E., Bortolozzi, G. Blass, G. (2007): Chalcoalumite, ex UM di Funtana Raminosa, Gadoni, Nuoro, Sardegna centrale. Micro (UK report), 1/2007, 51-54.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
Sabelli C., Olmi F., Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. Serrabottini (GR): recenti ritrovamenti nelle antiche discariche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 19
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Niigata Prefecture
        • Aga-machi (Higashi-Kanbara-gun)
Kojiro, T. et al (1999) Suisyou, 12, #1, 9-14.
    • Kinki Region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Taka-gun
Matsubara, S. and Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals. (National Science Museum, Tokyo)
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Kaczawskie Mts
      • Radzimowice
        • Stara Góra
          • Stara Góra deposit
1. R. Siuda, 2001 : New sulphate minerals from the Stara Góra oxidised zone, Radzimowice, Kaczawskie Mts., Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, vol 18, 186-188
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Moldova Nouă-Sasca Cu-Mo ore field
www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
  • Harghita Co.
Editor:Szakáll,www.minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
      • Ľubietová (Libetbánya; Libethen)
Sejkora, J. (1993): Zajímavé nálezy nerostu v České republice a na Slovesnku. Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz., 1, 108-113.
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Nelspruit
Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Vallès Occidental-Baix Llobregat
        • Sant Cugat del Vallès-El Papiol
Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Sweden
 
  • Lappland
    • Kiruna
No reference listed
  • Värmland
    • Arvika
      • Gunnarskog
Persson, A. (2006): Källargruvan. Paper published on www.k1q.net/skarn 15-06-2000.
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Mount's Bay District
        • St Hilary
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 15 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • St Agnes District
        • St Agnes
Ansermet, S. (2007): Lapis 32(2), 25-26, 50
          • Porthtowan
The Russel Society, Vol 13/2012 R.S.W Braithwait & M. Merry
    • Devon
      • Tavistock District
        • Tavistock Hamlets
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd (Caernarvonshire)
      • Mt Snowdon
Amer.Min.(1985) 70, 411-413
    • Gwynedd (Merionethshire)
      • Dolgellau Gold Belt
        • Bontddu
          • Vigra Mine
BMS Database
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dragoon Mts
        • Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)
          • Courtland
            • Casey Hill
Rolf Luetcke
Rolf Luetcke
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 162; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 37; Min.Rec.: 12: 299; American Mineralogist: 10: 79-83; Mineralogical Record: 2: 126-127.
Van King
            • Queen Hill
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 580.
Van King
            • Sacramento Hill
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 162; Williams, S.A. & B. Khin (1971), Chalcoalumite from Bisbee, AZ, Min.Rec.: 2: 126-127.
    • Coconino Co.
      • Grandview District
        • Horseshoe Mesa
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 162; Leicht, W.C. (1971), Minerals of the Grandview mine, Min.Rec.: 2: 214-221.
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Hayden area
            • Chilito
No reference listed
  • Colorado
    • San Juan Co.
      • Animas District
        • Silverton
          • Round Mountain
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Table Mountain District
        • Cottonwood Canyon
          • Bolivia
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • White Canyon District
        • Red Canyon
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
        • White Canyon
Anatoly Kasatkin analyses
    • Tooele Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Ophir District
          • Ophir
Rocks & Minerals 83:1 pp 52-62
Mineral and/or Locality  
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