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Buserite

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Formula:
Na
 
4
Mn
 
14
O
 
27
· 21H
 
2
O


An unstable manganese oxide that dehydrates to birnessite.
Crystallochemical data on synthetic material.

The original material was reported from Yuno-Taki waterfall, Me-akan volcano, Akan National Park, Kushiro Province, Hokkaido Island, Japan.

A new proposal for 'buserite' would most probably be successful (E. Burke, Mindat forum, 2005). The statement by Burns et al. [Am. Mineral. 68, 972-980 (1983)], "buserite was accepted as a mineral name by the commission on New Minerals by a small majority (M. Fleischer, personal communication, 1974).", is not correct (E. Burke, Mindat forum, 2005).

Classification of Buserite

IMA status:Not Approved
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.FL.35

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
L : Hydroxides with H2O +- (OH); sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
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Occurrences of Buserite

Geological Setting:stream beds; hot spring deposit; deposited from rhodochrosite mine wastewater.
(also in deep sea manganese nodules?)

Crystallography of Buserite

Morphology:platelets up to 0.0004mm

Chemical Properties of Buserite

Formula:
Na
 
4
Mn
 
14
O
 
27
· 21H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Na4Mn14O27 ·21H2O
Essential elements:H, Mn, Na, O
All elements listed in formula:H, Mn, Na, O

Relationship of Buserite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.FL.Trébeurdenite
Fe
2+
2
Fe
3+
4
O
 
2
(OH)
 
10
CO
 
3
·3H
 
2
O
4.FL.05Woodallite
Mg
 
6
Cr
 
2
(OH)
 
16
Cl
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
4.FL.05Iowaite
Mg
 
6
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
16
Cl
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
4.FL.05Jamborite
(Ni
2+
 
,Ni
3+
 
,Co,Fe)(OH)
 
2
(OH,S,H
 
2
O)
4.FL.05Meixnerite
Mg
 
6
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
16
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
4.FL.05Muskoxite
Mg
 
7
Fe
 
4
O
 
13
· 10H
 
2
O
4.FL.05Fougèrite
Fe
2+
4
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
12
[CO
 
3
]·3H
 
2
O
4.FL.10Hydrocalumite
Ca
 
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
(Cl,CO
 
3
,OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
4.FL.15Kuzelite
Ca
 
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
[SO
 
4
] · 6H
 
2
O
4.FL.20Aurorite
(Mn
2+
 
,Ag,Ca)Mn
4+
3
O
 
7
· 3H
 
2
O
4.FL.20Chalcophanite
(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn
 
3
O
 
7
· 3H
 
2
O
4.FL.20Ernienickelite
NiMn
 
3
O
 
7
· 3H
 
2
O
4.FL.20Jianshuiite
(Mg,Mn)Mn
 
3
O
 
7
· 3H
 
2
O
4.FL.25Woodruffite
Zn(Mn
4+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)
 
5
O
 
10
·3½H
 
2
O
4.FL.30Asbolane
(Ni,Co)
 
2-x
Mn
4+
 
(O,OH)
 
4
· nH
 
2
O
4.FL.40Ranciéite
(Ca,Mn)Mn
 
4
O
 
9
· 3H
 
2
O
4.FL.40Takanelite
(Mn,Ca)Mn
 
4
O
 
9
· H
 
2
O
4.FL.45Birnessite
(Na,Ca)
 
0.5
(Mn
4+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)
 
2
O
 
4
· 1.5H
 
2
O
4.FL.55Cianciulliite
Mn(Mg,Mn)
 
2
Zn
 
2
(OH)
 
10
· 2-4H
 
2
O
4.FL.60Jensenite
Cu
 
3
[TeO
 
6
] · 2H
 
2
O
4.FL.65Leisingite
Cu(Mg,Cu,Fe,Zn)
 
2
[TeO
 
6
] · 6H
 
2
O
4.FL.70Akdalaite
4Al
 
2
O
 
3
· H
 
2
O
4.FL.75Cafetite
(Ca,Mg)(Fe,Al)
 
2
Ti
 
4
O
 
12
· 4H
 
2
O
4.FL.80Mourite
UMo
 
5
O
 
12
(OH)
 
10
4.FL.85Deloryite
Cu
 
4
(UO
 
2
)(MoO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6

Other Names for Buserite

Other Languages:
German:Buserit
Japanese:ブセライト
Spanish:Buserita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Buserite

Reference List:

- +
Giovanoli, R., et al. (1970), Helvetica Chemica Acta 53, 454-464.

Burns, et al. (1983), American Mineralogist: 68: 972.

Golden, D.C., C.C. Chen, and J.B. Dixon (1987), Transformation of birnessite to buserite, todorokite, and manganite under mild hydrothermal treatment: Clays and Clay Minerals: 35: 271-280.

Bilinski, H., Giovanoli, R., Usui, A., Hanzel, D. (2002): Characterization of Mn oxides in cemented streambed crusts from Pinal Creek, Arizona, U.S.A., and in hot-spring deposits from Yuno-Taki Falls, Hokkaido, Japan: American Mineralogist: 87: 580-591.

Internet Links for Buserite

Search Engines:
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  • Localities for Buserite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
        • Friesach
          • Olsa
    Eur.J.Mineral. 17(1), 163-172(2005)
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Kushiro Province
        • Akan National Park
          • Me-akan volcano
    Bilinski, et al. (2002) Am. Min. 87, 580-591
    • Honshu Island
      • Tohoku Region
        • Aomori Prefecture
          • Naka-Tsugaru-gun
            • Nishimeya-mura
    (Fuji News, 8-12-2004: loose nodules deposited in waters of flooded galleries; post-mining)
    • Kyushu Region
      • Nansei Archipelago
        • Kagoshima Prefecture
          • Mishima village
    Kazue, T. (2000) Clays and Clay Minerals, 48, 511-520
    • Tokyo Prefecture
      • Izu Archipelago
        • Nishi Shichito Ridge
    Jose Carlos Mañuz Sanz collection
    Moldova
     
    • Edinet
      • Criva
    Klimchouk, A. (2012). Gypsum karst in the Western Ukraine. International Journal of Speleology, 25(3), 20.
    Ukraine
     
    • Crimea Oblast'
      • Crimea peninsula
    Chukhrov F.V., Gorshkov A.I., Berezovskaya V.V., Sivtsov A.V. (1987) New data on mineralogy of Kerch ores, - Izvestiya AN SSSR, ser. geol., 4, p. 60-77 (in Rus.)
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Gila Co.
        • Globe-Miami District
          • Globe Hills District
            • Globe Hills
              • Globe
                • Globe Placers
    Am. Min. 87, 580-591 (2002)
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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