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Buserite

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Formula:
Na4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
An unstable manganese oxide that dehydrates to birnessite.
Crystallochemical data on synthetic material.

The original material was reported from Yuno-Taki waterfall, Me-akan volcano, Akan National Park, Kushiro Province, Hokkaido Island, Japan.

A new proposal for 'buserite' would most probably be successful (E. Burke, Mindat forum, 2005). The statement by Burns et al. [Am. Mineral. 68, 972-980 (1983)], "buserite was accepted as a mineral name by the commission on New Minerals by a small majority (M. Fleischer, personal communication, 1974).", is not correct (E. Burke, Mindat forum, 2005).

Classification of Buserite

Not Approved
4.FL.35

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
L : Hydroxides with H2O +- (OH); sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-9779.html
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Occurrences of Buserite

Geological Setting:
stream beds; hot spring deposit; deposited from rhodochrosite mine wastewater.
(also in deep sea manganese nodules?)

Crystallography of Buserite

Morphology:
platelets up to 0.0004mm

Chemical Properties of Buserite

Formula:
Na4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Buserite to other Species

4.FL.TrébeurdeniteFe22+Fe43+O2(OH)10CO3·3H2O
4.FL.05WoodalliteMg6Cr2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
4.FL.05IowaiteMg6Fe23+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
4.FL.05Jamborite(Ni2+1-x,Cox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x·nH2O [x ≤ ⅓; n ≤ (1 - x)]
4.FL.05MeixneriteMg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2O
4.FL.05MuskoxiteMg7Fe4O13 · 10H2O
4.FL.05FougèriteFe42+Fe23+(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
4.FL.10HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
4.FL.15KuzeliteCa4Al2(OH)12[SO4] · 6H2O
4.FL.20Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
4.FL.20Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
4.FL.20ErnienickeliteNiMn3O7 · 3H2O
4.FL.20Jianshuiite(Mg,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
4.FL.25WoodruffiteZn(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10·3½H2O
4.FL.30Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
4.FL.40Ranciéite(Ca,Mn)Mn4O9 · 3H2O
4.FL.40Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
4.FL.45Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
4.FL.55CianciulliiteMn(Mg,Mn)2Zn2(OH)10 · 2-4H2O
4.FL.60JenseniteCu3[TeO6] · 2H2O
4.FL.65LeisingiteCu(Mg,Cu,Fe,Zn)2[TeO6] · 6H2O
4.FL.70Akdalaite4Al2O3 · H2O
4.FL.75Cafetite(Ca,Mg)(Fe,Al)2Ti4O12 · 4H2O
4.FL.80MouriteUMo5O12(OH)10
4.FL.85DeloryiteCu4(UO2)(MoO4)2(OH)6

Other Names for Buserite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Buserit
Spanish:Buserita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Buserite

Reference List:
Giovanoli, R., et al. (1970), Helvetica Chemica Acta 53, 454-464.

Burns, et al. (1983), American Mineralogist: 68: 972.

Golden, D.C., C.C. Chen, and J.B. Dixon (1987), Transformation of birnessite to buserite, todorokite, and manganite under mild hydrothermal treatment: Clays and Clay Minerals: 35: 271-280.

Usui, A., Mita, N., Hariya, Y. (1991) Manganese minerals from a hot spring, Yuno-Taki Falls, Mt Me-Akan, Hokkaido. Mining Geology, 42, 3, 210-211.

Bilinski, H., Giovanoli, R., Usui, A., Hanzel, D. (2002): Characterization of Mn oxides in cemented streambed crusts from Pinal Creek, Arizona, U.S.A., and in hot-spring deposits from Yuno-Taki Falls, Hokkaido, Japan: American Mineralogist: 87: 580-591.

Internet Links for Buserite

Localities for Buserite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Friesach
        • Olsa
Eur.J.Mineral. 17(1), 163-172(2005)
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Kushiro Province
      • Akan National Park
        • Me-akan volcano
Bilinski, et al. (2002) Am. Min. 87, 580-591
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Aomori Prefecture
        • Naka-Tsugaru-gun
          • Nishimeya-mura
(Fuji News, 8-12-2004: loose nodules deposited in waters of flooded galleries; post-mining)
  • Kyushu Region
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Mishima village
Kazue, T. (2000) Clays and Clay Minerals, 48, 511-520
  • Tokyo Metropolis
    • Izu Archipelago
      • Nishi Shichito Ridge
Jose Carlos Mañuz Sanz collection
Moldova
 
  • Edinet
    • Criva
Klimchouk, A. (2012). Gypsum karst in the Western Ukraine. International Journal of Speleology, 25(3), 20.
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
Chukhrov F.V., Gorshkov A.I., Berezovskaya V.V., Sivtsov A.V. (1987) New data on mineralogy of Kerch ores, - Izvestiya AN SSSR, ser. geol., 4, p. 60-77 (in Rus.)
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Globe-Miami District
        • Globe Hills District
          • Globe Hills
            • Globe
              • Globe Placers
Am. Min. 87, 580-591 (2002)
Mineral and/or Locality  
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