This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
An unstable manganese oxide that dehydrates to birnessite.
Crystallochemical data on synthetic material.
The original material was reported from Yuno-Taki waterfall, Me-akan volcano, Akan National Park, Kushiro Province, Hokkaido Island, Japan.
A new proposal for 'buserite' would most probably be successful (E. Burke, Mindat forum, 2005). The statement by Burns et al. [Am. Mineral. 68, 972-980 (1983)], "buserite was accepted as a mineral name by the commission on New Minerals by a small majority (M. Fleischer, personal communication, 1974).", is not correct (E. Burke, Mindat forum, 2005).
Classification of Buserite
|IMA status:||Not Approved|
|Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:||4.FL.35|
4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
L : Hydroxides with H2O +- (OH); sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
Please feel free to link to this page.
Occurrences of Buserite
|Geological Setting:||stream beds; hot spring deposit; deposited from rhodochrosite mine wastewater.|
(also in deep sea manganese nodules?)
Crystallography of Buserite
|Morphology:||platelets up to 0.0004mm|
Chemical Properties of Buserite
|Simplified for copy/paste:||Na4Mn14O27 ·21H2O|
|Essential elements:||H, Mn, Na, O|
|All elements listed in formula:||H, Mn, Na, O|
Relationship of Buserite to other Species
|Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):|
Other Names for Buserite
|Health Warning:||No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.|
References for Buserite
Giovanoli, R., et al. (1970), Helvetica Chemica Acta 53, 454-464.
Burns, et al. (1983), American Mineralogist: 68: 972.
Golden, D.C., C.C. Chen, and J.B. Dixon (1987), Transformation of birnessite to buserite, todorokite, and manganite under mild hydrothermal treatment: Clays and Clay Minerals: 35: 271-280.
Bilinski, H., Giovanoli, R., Usui, A., Hanzel, D. (2002): Characterization of Mn oxides in cemented streambed crusts from Pinal Creek, Arizona, U.S.A., and in hot-spring deposits from Yuno-Taki Falls, Hokkaido, Japan: American Mineralogist: 87: 580-591.
Internet Links for Buserite
Localities for Buserite
The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
|Fade toolbar when not in focus||Fix toolbar to bottom of page|
|Hide Social Media Links|
|Slideshow frame delay||seconds|
Locality Updated: Providence meteorite, Trimble County, Kentucky, USAFrom Lon Clay Hill, 24th Oct 2014 01:37:05