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Chalcophyllite

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Formula:
Cu
 
18
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
27
· 33H
 
2
O
System:TrigonalColour:Emerald green, grass ...
Lustre:Sub-Adamantine, Vitreous, PearlyHardness:2
Name:From the Greek χαλκός (chalcos) for "copper" and φύλλον (phullon) for "leaf," in allusion to the composition, containing copper, and the platy habit of the crystals.


An uncommon secondary mineral occurring in the oxidised zones of some arsenic-bearing hydrothermal polymetallic deposits.
Can be partially dehydrated.

Related to, but distinct from barrotite.

May be confused with tabular Spangolite.

Classification of Chalcophyllite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/D.20-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.DF.30

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
F : With only medium-sized cations, (OH,etc.):RO4 > 3:1
Dana 8th edition ID:43.5.14.1

43 : COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
5 : Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hey's CIM Ref.:22.3.6

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
3 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with sulphates
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Occurrences of Chalcophyllite

Geological Setting:Oxidised zone of arsenic bearing polymetallic hydrothermal deposits.

Physical Properties of Chalcophyllite

Lustre:Sub-Adamantine, Vitreous, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Comment:Lustre pearly on {0001}, and possibly overall, especially on partial dehydration
Colour:Emerald green, grass green, bluish green, blue; green in transmitted light
Streak:Pale green to bluish green
Hardness (Mohs):2
Cleavage:Perfect
Perfect on {0001}, micaceous; in traces on {1011}.
Density (measured):2.67 - 2.69 g/cm3
Density (calculated):2.684 g/cm3

Crystallography of Chalcophyllite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Class (H-M):3 - Rhombohedral
Space Group:R3
Cell Parameters:a = 10.756(2) Å, c = 28.678(4) Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 2.666
Unit Cell Volume:V 2,873.30 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Crystals platy, six-sided with a hexagonal aspect, flattened on {0001}, with prominent {0112}. May exhibit numerous other forms and may be striated triangularly on {0001}; forms rosettes: also drusy, foliated, massive.
Twinning:On {1010} as twin plane.
Comment:Z = 1.5
Crystal Atlas:
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Chalcophyllite no.6 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)

About Crystal Atlas

The mindat.org Crystal Atlas allows you to view a selection of crystal drawings of real and idealised crystal forms for this mineral and, in certain cases, 3d rotating crystal objects. The 3d models and HTML5 code are kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
9.47 (100)
7.10 (18)
4.71 (31)
3.59 (12)
2.67 (25)
2.58 (48)
2.34 (32)
(

Optical Data of Chalcophyllite

Type:Uniaxial (-)
RI values: nω = 1.618 - 1.632 nε = 1.552 - 1.575
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.066

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Pleochroism:Weak
Comments:O = Bluish green
E = Nearly colourless
Comments:Indices of refraction vary markedly depending on the relative humidity since the water content varies at ambient temperature.

Chemical Properties of Chalcophyllite

Formula:
Cu
 
18
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
27
· 33H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu18Al2(SO4)3(AsO4)3(OH)27·33H2O
Essential elements:Al, As, Cu, H, O, S
All elements listed in formula:Al, As, Cu, H, O, S

Relationship of Chalcophyllite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.DF.05Hotsonite
Al
 
11
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
21
· 16H
 
2
O
8.DF.10Bolivarite
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
3
· 4-5H
 
2
O
8.DF.10Evansite
Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DF.10Liskeardite
[(Al,Fe)
 
32
(AsO
 
4
)
 
18
(OH)
 
42
(H
 
2
O)
 
22
] · 52H
 
2
O
8.DF.10Rosièresite
(Pb, Cu, Al, P, O, H)
8.DF.15Rusakovite
(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
5
(VO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
9
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DF.20Liroconite
Cu
 
2
Al(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DF.25Sieleckiite
Cu
 
3
Al
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
12
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DF.35Parnauite
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 7H
 
2
O
8.DF.40Gladiusite
Fe
 
2
(Fe,Mg)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
11
(H
 
2
O)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
22.3.1Parnauite
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 7H
 
2
O
22.3.2Ardealite
Ca
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
) · 4H
 
2
O
22.3.3Machatschkiite
(Ca,Na)
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)(HAsO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
) · 15H
 
2
O
22.3.4Clinotyrolite
Ca
 
2
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
10
· 10H
 
2
O
22.3.5Peisleyite
Na
 
2
Al
 
9
[(P,S)O
 
4
]
 
8
(OH)
 
6
•28H
 
2
O
22.3.7Woodhouseite
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.8Schlossmacherite
(H
 
3
O)Al
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
22.3.9Svanbergite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.10Kemmlitzite
(Sr,Ce)Al
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.11Sanjuanite
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 9H
 
2
O
22.3.12Kribergite
Al
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
22.3.13Hotsonite
Al
 
11
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
21
· 16H
 
2
O
22.3.14Weilerite
BaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.15Tsumebite
Pb
 
2
Cu(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
22.3.16Arsentsumebite
Pb
 
2
Cu(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
22.3.17Hinsdalite
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.18Hidalgoite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.19Orpheite
22.3.20Coconinoite
Fe
3+
2
Al
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· 20H
 
2
O
22.3.21Sasaite
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
14
(PO
 
4
)
 
11
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
7
· 83H
 
2
O
22.3.22Tristramite
(Ca,U,Fe)(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
22.3.23Corkite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.24Beudantite
PbFe
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.25Diadochite
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
22.3.26Sarmientite
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
22.3.27Bukovskýite
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 9H
 
2
O
22.3.28Zýkaite
Fe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 15H
 
2
O
22.3.29Tooeleite
Fe
3+
6
(As
3+
 
O
 
3
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
22.3.30Pitticite
(Fe, SO
 
4
, AsO
 
4
, H
 
2
O) ?
22.3.31Xiangjiangite
(Fe
3+
 
,Al)(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 22H
 
2
O

Other Names for Chalcophyllite

Synonyms:
ChalkophylliteCopper MicaErinite (of Beudant)Euchlore-MicaEuchlorose
Tamarite (of Brooke and Miller)
Other Languages:
French:Cuivre arseniaté lamelliforme
Métachalcophyllite
German:Blättriges Olivinerz
Chalkophyllit
Kupferglimmer
Kupferphyllit
Italian:Calcofillite
Russian:Халькофиллит
Spanish:Chalkophyllita

Other Information

Other Information:Soluble in acids and in ammonia.

Water content varies at room temperature based on relative humidity.

Alters to Chrysocolla.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Chalcophyllite

Reference List:

- +
Haüy, R.J. (1801) Traité de minéralogie. First edition: in 4 volumes with atlas in fol.: 3: 509 (as Cuivre arseniaté lamelliforme).

Vauquelin (1801) Journal des mines: 10: 562.

Karsten in Hoffmann, C.A.S. (1801): 1: 543 (as Blättriges Olivinerz).

Ludwig, C.F. (1803) Handbuch der Mineralogie nach A.G. Werner. 2 volumes, Leipzig: 180 (as Kupferglimmer).

Jameson, R. (1820) A System of Mineralogy. third edition, 3 volumes (as Copper Mica).

Beudant, F.S. (1832), Traité élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 598 (as Erinite).

Breithaupt, A. (1832) Vollständige Characteristik etc. 2nd. Ed.: 42 (as Kupferphyllit).

Des Cloizeaux (1845) Annales de chimie et de physique, Paris: 13: 420 (as Erinite ?).

Breithaupt, A. (1847) Vollständige Handbuch der Mineralogie. Dresden and Leipzig. Vol. 3: 149 (as Chalcophyllit).

Brooke, H.J. and Miller, W.H. (1852) Introduction to Mineralogy by Wm. Phillips, London, 1823. New edition by Brooke and Miller. 8vo, London: 512 (as Tamarite).

Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 840.

Hartley (1898) Mineralogical Magazine: 12: 120.

Gaubert (1904) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 27: 223-224 (as Métachalcophyllite).

Palache, C. and Merwin (1909) American Journal of Science: 28: 537.

Goldschmidt, V. (1918) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 5: 68.

Shannon (1924) American Journal of Science: 7: 31.

Piazza, M. (1931): Contributo alla conoscenza della composizione della calcofillite. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma: 2: 104-121.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1008-1010.

Federico, M. (1955) Ricerche roentgenografiche sulla calcofillite. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma, 13-21.

Corbett, R.K. (1973) X-ray “powder” data for chalcophyllite. Amer. Mineral., 58, 792–793.

Sabelli, C. (1980) The crystal structure of chalcophyllite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 151: 129-140.

Read, A.J. (1986) Chalcophyllite and other rare hydroxy-sulfates from Maharahara, New Zealand. Mineralogical Record, 17, 199–204.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 102.

Internet Links for Chalcophyllite

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  • Look for Chalcophyllite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Chalcophyllite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Chalcophyllite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Specimens:The following Chalcophyllite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Chalcophyllite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Neuquén
      • Ñorquinco
        • Rahueco
    Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
        • Arnoldstein
          • Feistritz an der Gail
    C.Auer (2014)
        • Kirchbach
    Indra, G
        • Lesach valley
          • Podlanig
            • Lower Wolay Alp
    Pichler (2009)
      • Karawanken
        • Bad Eisenkappel (Bad Eisenkappl)
          • Ebriach
    G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 191./111.:97-102 (2001)
          • Rijavitzagraben (Jeravitzagraben; Remscheniggraben)
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
        • Finkenstein
          • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
    [Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]
    • Lower Austria
      • Industrieviertel
        • Payerbach
    Hackenberg 2003
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Kaprun valley
          • Kaprun
    Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2009): 1586) Langit, Wroewolfeit und einige weitere Mineralphasen aus einer Kupferschlacke vom Lechnerberg bei Kaprun, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg. Pp. 207-208 in Niedermayr et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199./119., 189-236; Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1750) Anglesit, Apatit, Azurit, Fayalit, Humboldtin, Laihunit, Magnetit, Vonsenit und eine Cu-S-Si-O-H-Phase aus einer Kupferschlacke vom Lechnerberg bei Kaprun, Salzburg. Pp. 153-155 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
      • Saalfelden
        • Leogang
          • Hütten
            • Schwarzleograben
              • Schwarzleo District
    Poeverlein, R. (2008): Euchroit und seine Begleiter vom prähistorischen Bergbau, Leogang, Österreich. Lapis, 33 (5), 13-22.
      • St Johann im Pongau
        • Mitterberg District
          • Riedingtal
    Fritz Schreiber collection
    • Styria
      • Ennstaler Alpen
        • Johnsbach
          • Severinggraben
    peter neschen collection; peter neschen collection
      • Fischbacher Alpen
        • St. Jakob-Breitenau
          • Hochlantsch
    Postl, W. (1991); Exel, R. (1993)
      • Niedere Tauern
        • Öblarn
          • Walchen
    Karl Schebesta collection (Uwe Kolitsch SXRD analysis)
      • Stubalpe
        • Kleinfeistritz
          • Kothgraben (Kotgraben)
    C.Auer (2012)
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Inn valley
          • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
            • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
              • Geyer - Silberberg District
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
            • Schwaz
              • Arzberg
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1009; Lapis (1994) 19(7/8): 13-78.
              • Ringenwechsel District
                • Weißer Schrofen
    Schnorrer, G., Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Minerale des Martinstollens am Weißen Schrofen, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 58, 27-40
        • Kitzbühel Alps
          • Kirchberg in Tirol
            • Sperten valley
    Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1743) Baryt, Chalkophyllit und Clarait vom Pengelstein bei Kitzbühel, Tirol. P. 149. in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
        • Stanz valley
          • Flirsch
    J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch, R. Poeverlein & M. Strasser (2009): Ein ungewöhnliches Fahlerzvorkommen bei der Flirscher Schihütte im Stanzer Tal, Tirol. Lapis 34, 13-19; 58.
    • Vorarlberg
      • Montafon
        • Vandans
          • Rells valley
    Niedermayr, G. et al. (2003): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LII. Carinthia II, 193./113., 195-216; Natural History Museum Vienna collection
    Belgium
     
    • Limburg Province
      • Dilsen-Stokkem
    • Luxembourg Province
      • Stavelot Massif
    Michel Bloindieau
          • Cahai (Cahay)
    Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
    • Namur Province
      • Andenne
    No reference listed
    Bolivia
     
    • La Paz Department
      • Pacajes Province
    [MinRec 32:469]
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Iron Quadrangle
    Rob Lavinsky specimen
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Skeena Mining Division
        • Stewart
    Personal collection of John Dagenais; Mauthier, M. and C. A. Francis (2006) Gold Crystal Localities of British Columbia, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 81:14-22
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • El Loa Province
        • Calama
          • Chuquicamata District
    No reference listed
    • Atacama Region
      • Chañaral Province
        • Diego de Almagro
          • Potrerillos
    [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
    • Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins Region
      • Cachapoal Province
        • Rancagua
          • El Teniente
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1010.
    China
     
    • Yunnan Province
      • Lincang Prefecture
    Sapphirious Collection
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
    No reference listed
          • Krásno (Schönfeld)
    Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
    Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
      • Ústí Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Dubí (Eichwald)
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1009.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Vysočina Region
        • Štěpánov nad Svratkou
    No reference listed
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Bas-Rhin
        • Villé Valley
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
      • Haut-Rhin
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
    • Auvergne
      • Puy-de-Dôme
        • Servant
          • Les Chaillats (Chaillat)
    Alain Hanson collection
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Aude
        • Carcassonne
          • Mas-Cabardès
            • Salsigne
    Cooper, Michael P.(1997) What’s New in Minerals, Munich Show 1996. Mineralogical Record 28:137
    Pelison P., Descouens D. (1987), Présence de minéraux de néoformation dans les scories de l'ancienne usine de Villagnère (Aude), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 6-10
      • Gard
        • Alzon
    Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Limousin
      • Creuse
        • Soumans
          • Montebras
    Patrice Queneau Collection
    Patrice Queneau Collection
      • Haute-Vienne
        • Nantiat
          • Vaulry
    Queneau Patrice collection
    • Lorraine
      • Vosges
        • Val-d'Ajol
    Lheur C., Moreau F. (1994), Les minéralisations du filon du Bas Hérival près du Val d'Ajol (Vosges), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 3-14
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Aveyron
        • Monteils
    No reference listed
      • Tarn
        • Alban
          • Paulinet
            • Saint-Jean-de-Jeannes
    R.Pauvert
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Alpes-Maritimes
        • Guillaumes
          • Daluis
    Sarp, H., Mari, G., Mari, D., Rolland, P. (1996) Données nouvelles sur laminéralogie des indices cupriféres de Roua (Daluis et Guillaumes, Alpes-Maritimes, France). Riviera Scientifique, bulletin de l'Association des naturalistes de Nice et des Alpes-Maritimes, pp. 27-36.
      • Var
        • Le Pradet
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 994, 1009; UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Garonne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg."
    trouvaille et collection personnelle
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Rhône
        • Beaujeu
          • Les Ardillats
    Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
        • Le Bois d'Oingt
          • Chessy-les-Mines
    R. De Ascenção Guedes, 2004, Les minéraux et les minéralogistes de Chessy-les-mines, Le Règne Minéral, HS IX, pp 46-84
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Calw
    Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).; American Mineralogist: 67: 854.
        • Gengenbach
          • Haigerach valley
            • Silberbrünnle Mine
    Gottschalk, K., Joachim, H. and Oppenländer, F. (1995): Die Grube Silberbrünnle bei Gengenbach im mittleren Schwarzwald und ihre Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt, 6 (5), 26-55.
    Emser Hefte 15(3), 2-40 (1994)
        • Todtnau
    http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Baden-W%FCrttemberg/Schwarzwald/Todtnau/Lisb%FChl
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Fichtelgebirge
          • Weißenstadt
            • Rudolfstein
    Meier, S. & Dünkel, B. (2010): Das Zinn- und Uranbergwerk am Rudolfstein bei Weißenstadt, Fichtelgebirge. Lapis 35 (2), 29-37; 54.
        • Spessart
          • Schöllkrippen
            • Sommerkahl
    No reference listed
    • Hesse
      • Frankfurt
    Blessing,C. & Pock,R. (1991). Mineralbildungen in Schlacken auf dem Gelände der ehemaligen Kupferwerke in Frankfurt/M-Heddernheim. Aufschluss, Jg.42, Nr.6, S.339-57
      • Odenwald
        • Lautertal (Odenwald)
          • Reichenbach
            • Hohenstein
    Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
      • Richelsdorf District
        • Süss
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Bad Lauterberg
    Koch, H.-P. (2008): Die Minerale der Grube "Frische Lutter" bei Bad Lauterberg, Harz (Teil 1). Aufschluss 59, 65-76.
        • Lautenthal
    No reference listed
        • St Andreasberg District
          • Sieber
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1991): Mineralogische Notizen V. Aufschluss 42, 155-171.
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Aachen
        • Stolberg
    Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
      • Eifel
        • Düren
          • Untermaubach
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • Mechernich
          • Kall
    Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
      • Sauerland
        • Arnsberg
          • Müschede
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Meschede
          • Ramsbeck
    No reference listed
      • Siegerland
        • Eiserfeld
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Gosenbach
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Müsen
    Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
        • Niederschelden
    Lapis, 12 (12), 23-31+42.
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Adenau
          • Antweiler
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Siegerland
        • Betzdorf
          • Brachbach
    Emser Hefte 1987(4), 62-67
      • Westerwald
        • Linz am Rhein
          • Rheinbreitbach
    Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Clausnitz - Sayda District
          • Sayda
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Ehrenfriedersdorf
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Marienberg District
          • Lauta
    Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
        • Schmiedeberg
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
        • Schwarzenberg District
          • Langenberg
            • Graul
    http://www.dergraul.de
        • Seiffen
          • Deutschneudorf
            • Deutschkatharinenberg
    Martin, M. & Modaleck, W. (2001): Sekundäre Kupfermineralien von der Fortuna-Fundgrube in Deutschkatharinenberg bei Seiffen im Erzgebirge. Mineralien-Welt, 12(2), 28-30.
      • Vogtland
        • Klingenthal
          • Mühlleithen
    J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2006): Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II). Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 22-27.
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
    No reference listed
              • Hilarion area
    Fritz Schreiber collection
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
    No reference listed
    No reference listed
    Hungary
     
    • Heves Co.
      • Mátra Mtns
        • Parádfürdő
    Tóth Collection, Analysed: Miner. Dep. University Miskolc, 2006
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Mayo
    S. Burchmore Collection
    Italy
     
    • Friuli Venezia Giulia
      • Udine Province
        • Degano Valley
    "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
        • Forni Avoltri
    Cecchi A. (1986): La ricerca operativa "Monte Avanza", Forni Avoltri (Udine). L'Industria Mineraria, 2, pagg. 33-42, Roma.
    • Liguria
      • Genova Province
        • Genova
          • Varenna Valley
    Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
        • Ne
          • Graveglia Valley
    Redazionale (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia del Ferrania Club, 19 , 3-5.
            • Reppia
    Redazione (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia Ferrania Club, 19, 3-5.
    [MinRec 32:356]
      • La Spezia Province
        • Rocchetta Vara
    Dr. Uwe Kolitsch, personal communication 18-03-2008 (EDS+XRD)
      • Savona Province
        • Murialdo
          • Pastori
    M.E. Ciriotti Probed 2005
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Ossola Valley
          • Baceno
            • Devero Alp (Devero Valley; Val Devero)
    • Sardinia
      • Cagliari Province
        • Villaputzu
      • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
        • Domusnovas
          • Oridda
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente - Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 1, 238 pp.
    Tagliabue-Foschi and Antonio Borelli collections
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Valsugana
          • Levico Terme
    Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
    • Tuscany
      • Grosseto Province
        • Massa Marittima
    Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
      • Livorno Province
        • Campiglia Marittima
    Int. Assoc. of Collectors of Slag Minerals, 10 (2), 4-6.
          • Sassetta
    Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
        • Piombino
    Cerutti, G. and Preite, D. (1995): Mineralien der etruskischen Schlacken von Baratti, Toskana. Lapis, 20 (4), 13-18; 50 (in German).
      • Massa-Carrara Province
        • Apuan Alps
    Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
    [MinRec 18:287]
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Yamaguchi Prefecture
          • Mine City
    Kato (1973) Sakurai Koubutsu Hyohon, 49. (Kinichi Sakurai collection)
      • Kanto Region
        • Tochigi Prefecture
          • Shioya
    Suzuki et al (2004) Chigaku Kenkyu, 52, 215-219.
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Tazenakht
          • Bou Azer District (Bou Azzer District)
            • Aghbar
    Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    [MinRec 8:Tsumeb 22]
    New Zealand
     
    • North Island
      • Manawatu-Wanganui
        • Tararua
          • Maharahara
    Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A. (1990): Minerals of New Zealand
    Portugal
     
    • Aveiro District
      • Albergaria-a-Velha
        • Branca
    Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
    • Castelo Branco District
      • Vila Velha de Rodão
    Spanish mineral collectors
        • Tostão
          • Ingadanais Mines
            • Sitio do Cobre Mine
    Uwe Kolitsch analyses ("chalcophyllite" samples were wrongly identified)
    • Viseu District
      • Vila Nova de Paiva
        • Queiriga
          • Lagares do Estanho Mines
    Romania
     
    • Caraş-Severin Co.
      • Banat Mts
        • Moldova Nouă-Sasca Cu-Mo ore field
    www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
    Russia
     
    • Urals Region
      • Middle Urals
        • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1009.
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Banská Bystrica Co.
        • Ľubietová (Libetbánya; Libethen)
    Koděra, M., a kol.: Topografická mineralogie Slovenska. Sv. 2 Ko-Seč, Bratislava, Veda 1990, s. 731-738.
        • Poniky
    Pauliš, P., Ďuďa, R.: Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Slovenska. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2002, s. 50 - 51.
        • Špania Dolina (Herrengrund)
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1009; Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Košice Region
      • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
        • Spišská Nová Ves Mining District
          • Novoveská Huta
    Řídkošil, T. (1978): Novoveská Huta-nová lokalita vzácnych druhotných nerostu mědi. Čas. Mineral. Geol., 23, 2, 214.
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    • Trenčín Region
      • Bánovce nad Bebravou Co.
        • Čierna Lehota
    Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD and EMPA-WDS confirmed
    South Africa
     
    • Mpumalanga Province
      • Nkangala District
        • Delmas
    Minerals of South Africa
    Spain
     
    • Canary Islands
      • Las Palmas Province
        • Lanzarote
    Ertl, R. F. (2009): Minerales de las Islas Canarias. Publicaciones Turquesa, S.L., Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain, 232 pp. (in Spanish).
    • Catalonia
      • Tarragona
        • Conca de Barberà
          • Vimbodí
    Viñals, J.,Bareche,E.y Coca, J. (1990) Mines de Catalunya, Vimbodí (II).Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 4, 213-227.
    • Valencian Community
      • Castellón
        • Villahermosa del Rio
          • San Rafael claim
    Collection and photos of Adrian Pesudo
    Switzerland
     
    • Glarus
      • Murg Valley
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 106.
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Grimentz
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
        • Saint-Luc
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 106.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Binn Valley
        • Kriegalp Valley (Chriegalp Valley)
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 106.
      • Riddes
        • Isérables
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 106.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Callington District
          • Calstock
            • Gunnislake
              • Clitters United Mines
    Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
    Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
    Collection Richard De Nul
        • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
          • Camborne
            • Pendarves United Mines
          • Carharrack
            • West Clifford United Mines
    Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Bruce, I, & D. Aubrey-Jones (1998) UKJMM 19:18-23
          • Gwennap
            • Clifford Amalgamated Mines
    Lapis 11(2), 33 (1986)
            • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
    Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
    [Golley & Williams, 1995, 16 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
    Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
          • Illogan
            • Basset Mines
              • Wheal Basset
    [Golley & Williams, 1995, 16 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
            • Lower Carnkie
    Martin Stolworthy Collection
          • Lanner
          • Redruth
    [Embrey & Symes, 1987, 47 - "Minerals of Cornwall and Devon"]
          • St Day
            • Busveal
    www.thamesvalleyminerals.com
        • Liskeard District
          • Linkinhorne
            • Minions
    Specimens in numerous collections (e.g. Steve Rust, Ian Acworth)
            • Upton Cross
    P Haas specimen no. 74-051, ex A. Williams collection
          • St Cleer
            • Craddock Moor
    Collection Richard De Nul
            • Crow's Nest
    Golley & Williams (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual, p. 16
    B Day Collection
        • Mount's Bay District
          • St Hilary
    No reference listed
    [Golley & Williams, 1995, 16 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
        • St Agnes District
          • St Agnes
            • Mawla Lane End
    G.Curtis collection
        • St Austell District
          • Lanivet
            • Mulberry Downs
    [Golley & Williams, 1995, 16 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]; BMS Database
          • Tywardreath
    No reference listed
        • St Just District
          • St Just
            • Botallack
              • Botallack Mine
    Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
            • Potts Gill
    No reference listed
      • Devon
        • Tavistock District
          • Tavistock Hamlets
    No reference listed
      • Leicestershire
        • Stanton under Bardon
    UKJMM 26:31-42
    • Wales
      • Ceredigion (Dyfed; Cardiganshire)
        • Trefeirig
          • Goginan
    S.Rust collection
      • Gwynedd (Merionethshire)
        • Dolgellau Gold Belt
          • Bontddu
            • Vigra Mine
    BMS Database
      • Powys (Montgomeryshire)
        • Machynlleth
          • Dylife
    BMS Database
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
    [MinRec 12:300-301]
              • Calumet and Arizona group of claims (Calumet and Arizona Mining Company group of claims)
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 165; Palache, C. & H.E. Merwin (1909), On connellite and chalcophyllite from Bisbee, AZ, Amer.Jour. Sci.: 28: 537-540; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 76; Dana 6:A3:19.
      • Coconino Co.
        • Grandview District
          • Grand Canyon National Park
            • Horseshoe Mesa
              • Cape Royal
    Michael Cline collection, confirmed via Raman spectroscopy at the University of Arizona 03/2010
      • Graham Co.
        • Turtle Mountain area
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 165; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of AZ, AZ Geol.Soc.Digest: 3: 53-56.
    • California
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
          • Clark Mountain District
            • Pactolus
              • Mohawk Hill
    Ron Layton collection
    • Colorado
      • Lake Co.
        • Leadville District
          • Leadville
            • Iron Hill
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Idaho
      • Lemhi Co.
        • Blue Wing District
          • Patterson
    Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
    • Maine
      • Hancock Co.
        • Brooksville
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v1.
    • Nevada
      • Churchill Co.
        • Table Mountain District
          • Cottonwood Canyon
            • Bolivia
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
        • Weepah District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Eureka Co.
        • Cortez District
    Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
      • Mineral Co.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1010; Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Special Publication 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Pershing Co.
        • Antelope District
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Minealogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579, 1009; Mineralogical Record: 16: 63, 65; 24: 176.; Ameican Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 704-708, 1978
    Natural History Museum Vienna collection; Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
      • Washoe Co.
        • Peavine District
          • Copperfield area
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Pyramid District
    Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
    • Pennsylvania
      • Lycoming Co.
        • Penn Township
    Smith and Hioff (1984)
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • Tintic District
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
            • Mammoth
    Dana 6: 1092; Dana 7:II:562; Rocks & Min.: 63:130.
      • San Juan Co.
        • Big Indian District (Big Indian Wash - Lisbon Valley Area)
    R&M 68:6 p372-380
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