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Chlorothionite

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Formula:
K2Cu(SO4)Cl2
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Bright blue.
Hardness:
Name:
In allusion to the chemical composition, containing CHLORine and sulphur (THIO-).
This page provides mineralogical data about Chlorothionite.

Classification of Chlorothionite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
7.BC.25

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
B : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
30.1.11.1

30 : ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
26.6

26 : Sulphates with Halide
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Type Occurrence of Chlorothionite

General Appearance of Type Material:
Bright blue crystalline incrustations.
Year of Discovery:
1872
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Active volcanic fumaroles.

Physical Properties of Chlorothionite

Colour:
Bright blue.
Hardness (Mohs):
Density:
2.67 g/cm3 (Measured)    
Comment:
Measured values on artificial crystals.

Crystallography of Chlorothionite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pnma
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.73Å, b = 6.07Å, c = 16.29Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.273 : 1 : 2.684
Unit Cell Volume:
V 764.34 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystalline incrustations.

Optical Data of Chlorothionite

Type:
Biaxial (+)

Chemical Properties of Chlorothionite

Formula:
K2Cu(SO4)Cl2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Chlorothionite to other Species

7.BC.05D'AnsiteNa21Mg(SO4)10Cl3
7.BC.10AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Ammonioalunite(NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10DorallchariteTlFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10HuangiteCa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Schlossmacherite(H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10WalthieriteBa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Beaverite-(Zn)Pb(Fe23+Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.15Ye'elimiteCa4Al6(SO4)O12
7.BC.20AtlasoviteK(BiO)Cu6Fe3+(SO4)5O3Cl
7.BC.20NabokoiteKCu7(SO4)5(Te4+O3)OCl
7.BC.30EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
7.BC.30FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3O
7.BC.35KamchatkiteKCu3(SO4)2OCl
7.BC.40PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
7.BC.45KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2
7.BC.45AlumoklyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)4O2
7.BC.50CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
7.BC.55WherryitePb7Cu2(SO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2
7.BC.60MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
7.BC.65LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
7.BC.65SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
7.BC.65MunakataitePb2Cu2(Se4+O3)(SO4)(OH)4
7.BC.70ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.75KrivovichevitePb3Al(SO4)(OH)7
7.BC.80AnhydrokainiteKMg(SO4)Cl
26.1KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
26.2SulphohaliteNa6(SO4)2FCl
26.3SchaireriteNa3(SO4)(F,Cl)
26.4GaleiteNa15(SO4)5F4Cl
26.5ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
26.7KamchatkiteKCu3(SO4)2OCl
26.8SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
26.9AubertiteCuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
26.10Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
26.11Svyazhinite(Mg,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)2F · 14H2O
26.12D'AnsiteNa21Mg(SO4)10Cl3
26.13AnhydrokainiteKMg(SO4)Cl
26.14KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
26.15Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
26.16Kleinite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
26.17WilcoxiteMgAl(SO4)2F · 17H2O
26.18CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
26.19LannoniteMg2Ca4Al4(SO4)8F8 · 24H2O
26.20Chukhrovite-(Y)Ca3(Y,Ce)[F|SO4|(AlF6)2] · 10H2O
26.21Chukhrovite-(Ce)Ca3(Ce,Y)[F|SO4|(AlF6)2] · 10H2O
26.22GrandreefitePb2(SO4)F2
26.23PseudograndreefitePb6(SO4)F10
26.24SundiusitePb10(SO4)O8Cl2
26.25CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
26.26MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
26.27AtlasoviteK(BiO)Cu6Fe3+(SO4)5O3Cl
26.28XitieshaniteFe3+(SO4)Cl · 6H2O
26.29NabokoiteKCu7(SO4)5(Te4+O3)OCl

Other Names for Chlorothionite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Soluble in water.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Chlorothionite

Reference List:
Scacchi (1872) Acc. Napoli, Rendus: 203.

Bellanca (1946) Periodico de Mineralogia-Roma: 15: 33 (artificial crystals).

Zambonini, Ferruccio (1910) Mineralogia Vesuviana. 368 pp., Naples: 329 (artificial crystals).

Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 2: 2: 151 (artificial crystals).

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 547.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 192: 1-52.

Internet Links for Chlorothionite

Localities for Chlorothionite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Italy (TL)
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 547; Lapis (1994): 5 p.13-23,58.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Pekov, I. V., Zelenski, M. E., Zubkova, N. V., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Belakovskiy, D. I., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2012). Calciolangbeinite, K2Ca2 (SO4) 3, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(3), 673-682
        • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
          • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
            • Second scoria cone
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Pekov, I. V., Zelenski, M. E., Zubkova, N. V., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Belakovskiy, D. I., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2012). Calciolangbeinite, K2Ca2 (SO4) 3, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(3), 673-682.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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