Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Chalcostibite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
CuSbS2
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Lead-gray, iron gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3 - 4
Name:
From the Greek χαλκός, copper, and στίβι, antimony in allusion to the composition.
This page provides mineralogical data about Chalcostibite.

Classification of Chalcostibite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2.HA.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
A : With Cu, Ag, Fe (without Pb)
3.7.5.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
7 : ø = 2
5.1.4

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
1 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Cu
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-983.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

First Recorded Occurrence of Chalcostibite

Year of Discovery:
1835

Occurrences of Chalcostibite

Geological Setting:
Hydrothermal veins.

Physical Properties of Chalcostibite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Lead-gray, iron gray
Comment:
Occassional blue or green tarnish
Streak:
black
Hardness (Mohs):
3 - 4
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN100=226 - 279
Hardness Data:
Measured
Comment:
VHN on (010)
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
{010} perfect; {001} and {100} less so.
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
4.9 - 5 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.011 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Chalcostibite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.02Å, b = 14.49Å, c = 3.79Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.415 : 1 : 0.262
Unit Cell Volume:
V 330.60 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Blade-shaped crystals, flattened {010}. Often elongated and striated [001]. Massive also.
Twinning:
Twinning on {104}, with compositional plane {104}.

Crystallographic forms of Chalcostibite

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Chalcostibite no.1 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Chalcostibite no.2 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Chalcostibite - Tabular {010}
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Optical Data of Chalcostibite

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Observed
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Feeble in air, somewhat stronger in oil.

Chemical Properties of Chalcostibite

Formula:
CuSbS2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Pb,Fe,Zn

Relationship of Chalcostibite to other Species

2.HA.05EmplectiteCuBiS2
2.HA.10MiargyriteAgSbS2
2.HA.20BerthieriteFeSb2S4
2.HA.20GaravelliteFeSbBiS4
2.HA.20CleriteMnSb2S4
2.HA.25AramayoiteAg(Sb,Bi)S2
2.HA.25BaumstarkiteAgSbS2
5.1.1SinneriteCu6As4S9
5.1.2TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
5.1.5TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
5.1.6GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13
5.1.7EmplectiteCuBiS2
5.1.8CuprobismutiteCu8AgBi12S24
5.1.9WitticheniteCu3BiS3
5.1.10HodrušiteCu8Bi12S22
5.1.11GirauditeCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4Se13
5.1.11PermingeatiteCu3SbSe4

Other Names for Chalcostibite

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Chalcostibite

Reference List:
Zincken, C. (1835): Ueber den Kupfer-Antimonglanz, eine neue Mineralgattung. Mit einem Zusatz von G. Rose.- Poggendorffs Annalen der Physik und Chemie: 35: 357-361.

Huot (1841): 1: 197.

Glocker, E.F. (1847): Generum et Specierum Mineralium Secundum Ordines Naturales digestorum Synopsis, Halle, p. 32.

Nicol (1849): 484.

Cumenge (1879), Bull. soc. min.: 2: 201.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 433-435.

Internet Links for Chalcostibite

Specimens:
The following Chalcostibite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Chalcostibite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2015, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: April 19, 2015 16:51:26 Page generated: April 18, 2015 12:23:04