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Chenevixite

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Richard Chenevix
Formula:
Cu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Olive green, ...
Lustre:
Hardness:
3½ - 4½
Name:
Named after Richard Chenevix (1774-1830), French chemist, analyst of an arsenate of copper and iron from Cornwall in 1801 (later shown to be Chenevixite).
The Fe3+ analogue of Luetheite. Chenevixite-Luetheite Series.

A relatively rare, but generally inconspicuous secondary mineral in oxidized zones of some hydrothermal, polymetallic ore deposits.

Classification of Chenevixite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
8.DD.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4= 2:1
42.7.10.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
7 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
20.1.15

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
1 : Arsenates of Cu
mindat.org URL:
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Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Chenevixite

Year of Discovery:
1866
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Occurrences of Chenevixite

Geological Setting:
Oxidized zones of hydrothermal polymetallic deposits.

Physical Properties of Chenevixite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Olive green, yellow-green, dark green.
Streak:
Greenish yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
3½ - 4½
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal
Comment:
Also earthy fracture.
Density:
4.38 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.40 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Chenevixite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/m
Space Group Setting:
P21/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.7012Å, b = 5.1801Å, c = 29.265Å
β = 89.99°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.101 : 1 : 5.65
Unit Cell Volume:
V 864.3 ų
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals tabular {100} with diamond-shaped outlines; commonly microcrystalline, spheroidal, earthy to compact massive.
Twinning:
Observed at a very fine scale.
Comment:
Pseudo-orthorhombic.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.322 (4)
3.817 (5)
3.557 (10)
2.994 (5)
2.553 (7)
2.504 (4)
2.448 (5)

Optical Data of Chenevixite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.920 nβ = 1.960 nγ = 2.040
2V:
Calculated: 73°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.120
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
none
Pleochroism:
Weak

Chemical Properties of Chenevixite

Formula:
Cu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Chenevixite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Luetheite (see here)
Common Associates:
8.DD.05LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
8.DD.10Akrochordite(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
8.DD.10GuanacoiteCu2Mg3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
8.DD.15Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
8.DD.15ChalcosideriteCu(Fe3+,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
8.DD.15Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
8.DD.15PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
8.DD.15TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
8.DD.15AfmiteAl3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
8.DD.20Childrenite(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
8.DD.20Eosphorite(Mn2+,Fe2+)Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
8.DD.20Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
20.1.1LammeriteCu3(AsO4)2
20.1.2OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
20.1.3ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
20.1.4CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
20.1.5CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
20.1.6Chlorotile (of Frenzel)
20.1.7GeminiteCu(HAsO4) · H2O
20.1.8EuchroiteCu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
20.1.9StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
20.1.10ArhbariteCu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3
20.1.11LindackeriteCuCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 8-9H2O
20.1.12ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
20.1.13LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
20.1.14CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
20.1.16ArthuriteCuFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O

Other Names for Chenevixite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Chenevixit
Spanish:Chenevixita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Chenevixite

Reference List:
Pisani, M. F. (1866): Sur une nouvelle espèce du Cornouailles, la chenevixite. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences, 62, 690-692.

Dana, J.D. (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th. Edition, New York: 583.

Genth (1884) Proceedings of the Colorado Science Society: 1: 115.

Mackenzie (1885) Mineralogical Magazine: 6: 181.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 56.

Smith (1926) New South Wales Department of Mines and Mineral Resources, no. 34: 80.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 840-841.

Villarroel, M. (1964): Contribution a l'étude de la chenevixite. Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. 87, 626-628.

Williams, S.A. (1977) Luetheite, Cu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4 •H2O, a new mineral from Arizona, compared with chenevixite. Mineralogical Magazine, 41, 27–32.

Burns, P. C., Smith, J. V. and Steele, I. M. (2000): Arizona porphyry copper/hydrothermal deposits I. The structure of chenevixite and luetheite. Mineralogical Magazine, 64, 25-30.

Internet Links for Chenevixite

Localities for Chenevixite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Algeria
 
  • Tamanghasset Province
Pierrot, R. & Walter, J. (1961): Presence de chenevixite au Hoggar. Bull. Soc. Franc. Minéral, 84, 325. (in French)
No reference listed
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Bourke Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 841.
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
        • Cobar
http://leme.anu.edu.au/Pubs/Advancesinregolith/Leverett_et_al.pdf
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 841.
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Fleurieu Peninsula
          • Cape Jervis
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia. Steve Sorrell-Uwe Kolitsch 03/09/2005
    • Olary Province
      • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station; Boolcoomatta)
EDAX confirmation, S.A. Museum. Oct '06. Specimens collected my members of The Mineralogical Society of South Australia.
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
[MinRec 24:203]; Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
Ashburtonite, a new bicarbonate-silicate mineral from Ashburton Downs; J.D. Grice, E.H. Nickel, R.A. Gault; American Mineralogist, Vol 76, 001701-1707, 1991
Min.Record 24,203-218(1993)
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Rudall River District
Downes, P. J., Hope, M., Bevan, A. W. R. and Henry, D. A. (2006): Chalcocite and associated secondary minerals from the Telfer gold mine, Western Australia. Austral. J. Mineral. 12, 25-42.
Downes, P. J., Hope, M., Bevan, A. W. R. and Henry, D. A. (2006): Chalcocite and associated secondary minerals from the Telfer gold mine, Western Australia. Austral. J. Mineral. 12, 25-42.
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
    • Monte Alegre de Goiás
Márcia Abrahão Moura, Nilson Francisquini Botelho and Fábio Carvalho de Mendonça (2007): The indium-rich sulfides and rare arsenates of the Sn–In-mineralized Mangabeira A-type granite, Central Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist 45, 485-496.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Santa Catalina
        • Guanaco (Huanaco)
V. Sapienza collection
V. Sapienza collection
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
Jarrell, O. W. (1944): Oxidation at Chuquicamata, Chile. Economic Geology, 39, 251-86.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 841.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • Diego de Almagro
        • Potrerillos
Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.
      • Inca de Oro
        • San Pedro de Cachiyuyo District
Uwe Kolitsch collection (EDS-analysed)
    • Copiapó Province
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga district
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
No reference listed
        • Krásno (Schönfeld)
Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
France
 
  • Limousin
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Nantiat
        • Vaulry
          • Vaulry Mines
Patrice Queneau Collection
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Tarn
      • Ambialet
Patrice Queneau collection
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
No reference listed
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
        • Weißenstadt
          • Rudolfstein
Meier, S. & Dünkel, B. (2010): Das Zinn- und Uranbergwerk am Rudolfstein bei Weißenstadt, Fichtelgebirge. Lapis 35 (2), 29-37; 54.
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Reichenbach
          • Borstein
Collected by Klaus Petitjean.
          • Hohenstein
Lapis, 12 (10), 23-32+58.
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Müsen
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Siegerland
      • Gebhardshain
        • Kausen
Wittern: "Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Schneeberg District
        • Neustädtel
Stark, J. (2011): Eine interessante Paragenese sekundärer Uranmineralien in Schneeberg. Mineralien Welt. 22 (1), 32-40
J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch: Lapis 30(7/8):71-73 (2005)
    • Vogtland
      • Klingenthal
        • Mühlleithen
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2006): Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II). Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 22-27.
  • Thuringia
    • Harz
      • Stempeda
J. Gröbner & J. Wesiger (2008): Die Mineralien des Kupferschieferbergbaus an südlichen Harzrand bei Ilfeld in Thüringen. Mineralien-Welt 19 (2), 18-28.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
Heymann, J. (1982): Al-Adamin. LAPIS 7 (3), 26-28.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Corsaglia Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Chiusella Valley
          • Traversella
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Viù Valley
          • Usseglio
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Valli del Pasubio
Zordan, A. & Boscardin, M. (2006): Aggiornamenti di mineralogia nel Vicentino. Determinazioni 2006. Studi e Ricerche - Associazione Amici del Museo - Museo Civico `G. Zannato' Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 13(1), 35-40.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Mine City
Matsubara, S. and Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals. (National Science Museum, Tokyo)
Mexico
 
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Mapimí
      • Mapimí
Moore, T.P. and Megaw, P.K.M. (2003): Famous mineral localities: The Ojuela mine, Mapimi, Durango, Mexico. The Mineralogical Record, 34(5), 1-91
Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
Panczner (1987): 156.
  • Sonora
    • Cerro Morita
Mineralogical Magazine 1972 38 : 541-544.
No reference listed
    • Mun. de Santa Cruz
      • Cuitaca
Berrocal-Lopez, et al 2009
    • Mun. de Trincheras
      • La Mur
Panczner(1987):87 - 295.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Spitzkopje Area
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 841.
Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
  • Kunene Region
    • Kaokoveld Plateau
Palfi, A. (2005): Spessartin- und Dioptas-Mineralisationen im Kaokoland, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 16 (4), 49-61 (in German); Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 841; Krahn, L. (2010): Neu: Philipsburgit aus der Tsumeb-Mine, Namibia. Lapis 35 (1), 42-43; 62.
Peru
 
  • Huancavelica Department
    • Mantaro river
Petersen, G.G. (1970) Minería y metalurgía en el antiguo Peru. Arqueologicas, 12 140pp. (Museo Nacional de Antropologia y Arqueologia, Lima)
  • Junín Department
    • Yauli Province
      • Morococha District
Petersen, G.G. (1970) Minería y metalurgía en el antiguo Peru. Arqueologicas, 12 140pp. (Museo Nacional de Antropologia y Arqueologia, Lima)
  • Lima Province
    • Lurín District
Petersen, G.G. (1970) Minería y metalurgía en el antiguo Peru. Arqueologicas, 12 140pp. (Museo Nacional de Antropologia y Arqueologia, Lima)
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Sekhukhune District
      • Marble Hall
Malcolm Southwood (2002) Arsenical Ramblings. British Micromount society Newsletter 61:2-9
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
VIÑALS, J., FAVREAU, G., and EYTIER C. & J.-R. (2010): Bobkingite, capgaronnite, juanitaite, gerhardtite, reevesite and other rare minerals from Cerro Minado, Huercal-Overa (Almería). Mineral Up, 4, 3, 6-23 Versions simultaneously published in Catalan (Mineralogistes de Catalunya); in Spanish version (Revista de Minerales).
      • Níjar
A. Arribas, F. Hernández, M. A. Fernández Périz, J. Gröbner, G. Leal (2005): Rodalquilar - El oro del capo del ágata. BOCAMINA 15, 12-88.
G. Leal, Antonio Arribas, Miguel A. Fernandez, Joachim Grobner, Francisco Hernandez (2005): Rodalquilar : El oro del Cabo del Agata. Bocamina, 15, 14-79.
    • Córdoba
      • El Guijo
A. Carmona & I. Ramos Collection.
  • Murcia
    • Lorca
MinRec-2003-0708-315
    • Mazarrón-Águilas
      • Pastrana
Jordi Fabre
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Chóvar
        • Bellota ravine
Joan Vinals & Miguel Calvo (2007) Corderoite, Kenhsuite and Perroudite, mercury sulphohalides from Chovar (Xovar), Castello, Spain. Mineral Up, June 2007.
Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España
        • San Rafael claim
- Cócera, H., Menor-Salván, C. and Muñoz-Alvarado, R. (2010): Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España. Acopios, 1, 1-51. [http://mti-acopios.blogspot.com/ ; http://issuu.com/malacate/docs/acopios-1-1?mode=a_p]
- Cócera, H., Menor-Salván, C. and Muñoz-Alvarado, R. (2010): Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España. Acopios, 1, 1-51. [http://mti-acopios.blogspot.com/ ; http://issuu.com/malacate/docs/acopios-1-1?mode=a_p]
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Callington District
        • Calstock
          • Gunnislake
            • Clitters United Mines
Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Carharrack
          • West Clifford United Mines
Bruce, I, & D. Aubrey-Jones (1998) UKJMM 19:18-23
        • Gwennap
          • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Liskeard District
        • Linkinhorne
          • Minions
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
        • Carrock Fell
No reference listed
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Patagonia Mts
        • Harshaw District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 168.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 168.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 168.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 281; Williams, S.A. (1977), Luetheite, Cu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4.H2O, a new mineral from Arizona compared with chenevixite, Min.Mag.: 41: 27-42.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 187.; Bob Meyer (2012) Micro Mineral Collector. Friends of Mineralogy National Newsletter 42:10-13
Collected by Joe Ruiz. Raman analyzed at UofA.
      • Santa Rita Mts
        • Tyndall District
          • Cottonwood Canyon
            • Amado
              • Devil's Cash Box ridge
                • Glove Mine group (Zombie & Zeco claims; Festiago-Franklin; Blacksmith adit)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 168.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mts
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Weepah District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Bristol and Jackrabbit Districts
        • Bristol Silver Mines Inc.
Bob Werner (2009) Mineral News, 25, #11, 1-5.
    • Mineral Co.
      • Bell District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope District
Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1092; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579, 808, 841.; Mineralogical Magazine 1885 6 : 181-182.
          • Eureka
[MinRecord 29:177]
          • Mammoth
Collection of Alex Earl
Palache, C., H. Berman, and C. Frondel (1951) Dana’s system of mineralogy,
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
          • Gold Hill
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Mineral and/or Locality  
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