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Chenevixite

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Formula:
Cu
 
2
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
System:MonoclinicColour:Olive green, ...
Lustre:Hardness:3½ - 4½
Name:
Named after Richard Chenevix (1774-1830), French chemist, analyst of an arsenate of copper and iron from Cornwall in 1801 (later shown to be Chenevixite).


The Fe3+ analogue of Luetheite. Chenevixite-Luetheite Series.

A relatively rare, but generally inconspicuous secondary mineral in oxidized zones of some hydrothermal, polymetallic ore deposits.

Classification of Chenevixite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/D.16-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.DD.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4= 2:1
Dana 8th edition ID:42.7.10.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
7 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:20.1.15

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
1 : Arsenates of Cu
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Type Occurrence of Chenevixite

Type Locality:Wheal Gorland, St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines), Gwennap, Camborne - Redruth - St Day District, Cornwall, England, UK
Year of Discovery:1866
Associated Minerals at type locality:
Quartz

Occurrences of Chenevixite

Geological Setting:Oxidized zones of hydrothermal polymetallic deposits.

Physical Properties of Chenevixite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Colour:Olive green, yellow-green, dark green.
Streak:Greenish yellow
Hardness (Mohs):3½ - 4½
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:None Observed
Fracture:Sub-Conchoidal
Comment:Also earthy fracture.
Density (measured):4.38 g/cm3
Density (calculated):4.40 g/cm3

Crystallography of Chenevixite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/m
Space Group Setting:P21/m
Cell Parameters:a = 5.7012Å, b = 5.1801Å, c = 29.265Å
β = 89.99°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.101 : 1 : 5.65
Unit Cell Volume:V 864.3 ų
Z:4
Morphology:Crystals tabular {100} with diamond-shaped outlines; commonly microcrystalline, spheroidal, earthy to compact massive.
Twinning:Observed at a very fine scale.
Comment:Pseudo-orthorhombic.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
7.322 (4)
3.817 (5)
3.557 (10)
2.994 (5)
2.553 (7)
2.504 (4)
2.448 (5)

Optical Data of Chenevixite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.920 nβ = 1.960 nγ = 2.040
2V:Calculated: 73°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.120

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:none
Pleochroism:Weak

Chemical Properties of Chenevixite

Formula:
Cu
 
2
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Essential elements:As, Cu, Fe, H, O
All elements listed in formula:As, Cu, Fe, H, O

Relationship of Chenevixite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Luetheite (see here)
Common Associates:
ScoroditeQuartzOlivenite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.DD.05Luetheite
Cu
 
2
Al
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
8.DD.10Akrochordite
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DD.10Guanacoite
Cu
 
2
Mg
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DD.15Aheylite
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)Al
 
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
8
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DD.15Chalcosiderite
Cu(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
8
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DD.15Faustite
(Zn,Cu)Al
 
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
8
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DD.15Planerite
Al
 
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
8
· 4 H
 
2
O
8.DD.15Turquoise
Cu(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
8
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DD.15Afmite
Al
 
3
(OH)
 
4
(H2O)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(PO
 
3
OH) · H2O
8.DD.20Childrenite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
8.DD.20Eosphorite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
8.DD.20Ernstite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(OH,O)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
20.1.1Lammerite
Cu
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
20.1.2Olivenite
Cu
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.1.3Clinoclase
Cu
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
3
20.1.4Cornwallite
Cu
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
20.1.5Cornubite
Cu
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
20.1.6Chlorotile (of Frenzel)
20.1.7Geminite
Cu(HAsO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
20.1.8Euchroite
Cu
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH) · 3H
 
2
O
20.1.9Strashimirite
Cu
 
8
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
20.1.10Arhbarite
Cu
 
2
Mg(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
3
20.1.11Lindackerite
CuCu
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8-9H
 
2
O
20.1.12Conichalcite
CaCu(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.1.13Liroconite
Cu
 
2
Al(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
20.1.14Ceruleite
Cu
 
2
Al
 
7
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
13
· 11.5H
 
2
O
20.1.16Arthurite
CuFe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
,PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O

Other Names for Chenevixite

Other Languages:
German:Chenevixit
Spanish:Chenevixita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Chenevixite

Reference List:

- +
Pisani, M. F. (1866): Sur une nouvelle espèce du Cornouailles, la chenevixite. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences, 62, 690-692.

Dana, J.D. (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th. Edition, New York: 583.

Genth (1884) Proceedings of the Colorado Science Society: 1: 115.

Mackenzie (1885) Mineralogical Magazine: 6: 181.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 56.

Smith (1926) New South Wales Department of Mines and Mineral Resources, no. 34: 80.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 840-841.

Villarroel, M. (1964): Contribution a l'étude de la chenevixite. Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. 87, 626-628.

Williams, S.A. (1977) Luetheite, Cu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4 •H2O, a new mineral from Arizona, compared with chenevixite. Mineralogical Magazine, 41, 27–32.

Burns, P. C., Smith, J. V. and Steele, I. M. (2000): Arizona porphyry copper/hydrothermal deposits I. The structure of chenevixite and luetheite. Mineralogical Magazine, 64, 25-30.

Internet Links for Chenevixite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Chenevixite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Localities for Chenevixite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Algeria
     
    • Tamanghasset Province
    Pierrot, R. & Walter, J. (1961): Presence de chenevixite au Hoggar. Bull. Soc. Franc. Minéral, 84, 325. (in French)
    No reference listed
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Bourke Co.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 841.
      • Robinson Co.
        • Cobar
          • Cobar
    http://leme.anu.edu.au/Pubs/Advancesinregolith/Leverett_et_al.pdf
      • Yancowinna Co.
        • Broken Hill
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 841.
    • South Australia
      • Mt Lofty Ranges
        • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
          • Fleurieu Peninsula
            • Cape Jervis
    Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia. Steve Sorrell-Uwe Kolitsch 03/09/2005
      • Olary Province
        • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station; Boolcoomatta)
    EDAX confirmation, S.A. Museum. Oct '06. Specimens collected my members of The Mineralogical Society of South Australia.
    • Western Australia
      • Ashburton Shire
    [MinRec 24:203]; Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
    Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
    Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
    Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
    Ashburtonite, a new bicarbonate-silicate mineral from Ashburton Downs; J.D. Grice, E.H. Nickel, R.A. Gault; American Mineralogist, Vol 76, 001701-1707, 1991
    Min.Record 24,203-218(1993)
      • East Pilbara Shire
        • Rudall River District
    Downes, P. J., Hope, M., Bevan, A. W. R. and Henry, D. A. (2006): Chalcocite and associated secondary minerals from the Telfer gold mine, Western Australia. Austral. J. Mineral. 12, 25-42.
    Downes, P. J., Hope, M., Bevan, A. W. R. and Henry, D. A. (2006): Chalcocite and associated secondary minerals from the Telfer gold mine, Western Australia. Austral. J. Mineral. 12, 25-42.
    Brazil
     
    • Goiás
      • Monte Alegre de Goiás
    Márcia Abrahão Moura, Nilson Francisquini Botelho and Fábio Carvalho de Mendonça (2007): The indium-rich sulfides and rare arsenates of the Sn–In-mineralized Mangabeira A-type granite, Central Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist 45, 485-496.
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • Antofagasta Province
        • Santa Catalina
          • Guanaco (Huanaco)
    V. Sapienza collection
    V. Sapienza collection
      • El Loa Province
        • Calama
          • Chuquicamata District
    Jarrell, O. W. (1944): Oxidation at Chuquicamata, Chile. Economic Geology, 39, 251-86.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 841.
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Atacama Region
      • Chañaral Province
        • Diego de Almagro
          • Potrerillos
    Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.
        • Inca de Oro
          • San Pedro de Cachiyuyo District
    Uwe Kolitsch collection (EDS-analysed)
      • Copiapó Province
        • Tierra Amarilla
          • Pampa Larga district
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
    No reference listed
          • Krásno (Schönfeld)
    Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
    Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    France
     
    • Limousin
      • Haute-Vienne
        • Nantiat
          • Vaulry
    Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Tarn
        • Ambialet
    Patrice Queneau collection
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Var
        • Le Pradet
    No reference listed
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Gengenbach
          • Haigerach valley
    Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Fichtelgebirge
          • Weißenstadt
            • Rudolfstein
    Meier, S. & Dünkel, B. (2010): Das Zinn- und Uranbergwerk am Rudolfstein bei Weißenstadt, Fichtelgebirge. Lapis 35 (2), 29-37; 54.
    • Hesse
      • Odenwald
        • Lautertal (Odenwald)
          • Reichenbach
            • Borstein
    Collected by Klaus Petitjean.
            • Hohenstein
    Lapis, 12 (10), 23-32+58.
    Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Siegerland
        • Eiserfeld
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Müsen
    Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Siegerland
        • Gebhardshain
          • Kausen
    Wittern: "Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland", 2001
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Schneeberg District
          • Neustädtel
    Stark, J. (2011): Eine interessante Paragenese sekundärer Uranmineralien in Schneeberg. Mineralien Welt. 22 (1), 32-40
    J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch: Lapis 30(7/8):71-73 (2005)
      • Vogtland
        • Klingenthal
          • Mühlleithen
    J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2006): Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II). Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 22-27.
    • Thuringia
      • Harz
        • Stempeda
    J. Gröbner & J. Wesiger (2008): Die Mineralien des Kupferschieferbergbaus an südlichen Harzrand bei Ilfeld in Thüringen. Mineralien-Welt 19 (2), 18-28.
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
    LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
    J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
    GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
    Heymann, J. (1982): Al-Adamin. LAPIS 7 (3), 26-28.
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Cuneo Province
        • Corsaglia Valley
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Torino Province
        • Canavese District
          • Chiusella Valley
            • Traversella
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Lanzo Valleys
          • Viù Valley
            • Usseglio
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Veneto
      • Vicenza Province
        • Valli del Pasubio
    Zordan, A. & Boscardin, M. (2006): Aggiornamenti di mineralogia nel Vicentino. Determinazioni 2006. Studi e Ricerche - Associazione Amici del Museo - Museo Civico `G. Zannato' Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 13(1), 35-40.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Yamaguchi Prefecture
          • Mine City
    Matsubara, S. and Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals. (National Science Museum, Tokyo)
    Mexico
     
    • Durango
      • Mun. de Mapimí
        • Mapimí
    Moore, T.P. and Megaw, P.K.M. (2003): Famous mineral localities: The Ojuela mine, Mapimi, Durango, Mexico. The Mineralogical Record, 34(5), 1-91
    Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
    Panczner (1987): 156.
    • Sonora
      • Cerro Morita
    Mineralogical Magazine 1972 38 : 541-544.
    No reference listed
      • Mun. de Santa Cruz
        • Cuitaca
    Berrocal-Lopez, et al 2009
      • Mun. de Trincheras
        • La Mur
    Panczner(1987):87 - 295.
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
      • Karibib District
        • Spitzkopje Area
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 841.
    Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
    • Kunene Region
      • Kaokoveld Plateau
    Palfi, A. (2005): Spessartin- und Dioptas-Mineralisationen im Kaokoland, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 16 (4), 49-61 (in German); Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 841; Krahn, L. (2010): Neu: Philipsburgit aus der Tsumeb-Mine, Namibia. Lapis 35 (1), 42-43; 62.
    Peru
     
    • Huancavelica Department
      • Mantaro river
    Petersen, G.G. (1970) Minería y metalurgía en el antiguo Peru. Arqueologicas, 12 140pp. (Museo Nacional de Antropologia y Arqueologia, Lima)
    • Junín Department
      • Yauli Province
        • Morococha District
    Petersen, G.G. (1970) Minería y metalurgía en el antiguo Peru. Arqueologicas, 12 140pp. (Museo Nacional de Antropologia y Arqueologia, Lima)
    • Lima Province
      • Lurín District
    Petersen, G.G. (1970) Minería y metalurgía en el antiguo Peru. Arqueologicas, 12 140pp. (Museo Nacional de Antropologia y Arqueologia, Lima)
    South Africa
     
    • Limpopo Province
      • Sekhukhune District
        • Marble Hall
    No reference listed
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Almería
        • Huércal-Overa
          • Cuesta Alta
            • Cerro Minado Mines
    VIÑALS, J., FAVREAU, G., and EYTIER C. & J.-R. (2010): Bobkingite, capgaronnite, juanitaite, gerhardtite, reevesite and other rare minerals from Cerro Minado, Huercal-Overa (Almería). Mineral Up, 4, 3, 6-23 Versions simultaneously published in Catalan (Mineralogistes de Catalunya); in Spanish version (Revista de Minerales).
        • Níjar
    A. Arribas, F. Hernández, M. A. Fernández Périz, J. Gröbner, G. Leal (2005): Rodalquilar - El oro del capo del ágata. BOCAMINA 15, 12-88.
    G. Leal, Antonio Arribas, Miguel A. Fernandez, Joachim Grobner, Francisco Hernandez (2005): Rodalquilar : El oro del Cabo del Agata. Bocamina, 15, 14-79.
    • Murcia
      • Lorca
    MinRec-2003-0708-315
      • Mazarrón-Águilas
        • Pastrana
    Jordi Fabre
    • Valencian Community
      • Castellón
        • Chóvar
          • Bellota ravine
    Joan Vinals & Miguel Calvo (2007) Corderoite, Kenhsuite and Perroudite, mercury sulphohalides from Chovar (Xovar), Castello, Spain. Mineral Up, June 2007.
    Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España
          • San Rafael claim
    - Cócera, H., Menor-Salván, C. and Muñoz-Alvarado, R. (2010): Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España. Acopios, 1, 1-51. [http://mti-acopios.blogspot.com/ ; http://issuu.com/malacate/docs/acopios-1-1?mode=a_p]
    - Cócera, H., Menor-Salván, C. and Muñoz-Alvarado, R. (2010): Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España. Acopios, 1, 1-51. [http://mti-acopios.blogspot.com/ ; http://issuu.com/malacate/docs/acopios-1-1?mode=a_p]
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Callington District
          • Calstock
            • Gunnislake
              • Clitters United Mines
    Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
        • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
          • Carharrack
            • West Clifford United Mines
    Bruce, I, & D. Aubrey-Jones (1998) UKJMM 19:18-23
          • Gwennap
            • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
    Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • Liskeard District
          • Linkinhorne
            • Minions
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
            • Carrock Fell
    No reference listed
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Santa Cruz Co.
        • Patagonia Mts
          • Harshaw District
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 168.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 168.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 168.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 281; Williams, S.A. (1977), Luetheite, Cu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4.H2O, a new mineral from Arizona compared with chenevixite, Min.Mag.: 41: 27-42.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 187.; Bob Meyer (2012) Micro Mineral Collector. Friends of Mineralogy National Newsletter 42:10-13
    Collected by Joe Ruiz. Raman analyzed at UofA.
        • Santa Rita Mts
          • Tyndall District
            • Cottonwood Canyon
              • Amado
                • Devil's Cash Box ridge
                  • Glove Mine group (Zombie & Zeco claims; Festiago-Franklin; Blacksmith adit)
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 168.
    • Nevada
      • Clark Co.
        • Spring Mts
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
        • Weepah District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lincoln Co.
        • Bristol and Jackrabbit Districts
          • Bristol Silver Mines Inc.
    Bob Werner (2009) Mineral News, 25, #11, 1-5.
      • Mineral Co.
        • Bell District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Pershing Co.
        • Antelope District
    Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • Tintic District
    Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1092; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579, 808, 841.; Mineralogical Magazine 1885 6 : 181-182.
            • Eureka
    [MinRecord 29:177]
            • Mammoth
    Collection of Alex Earl
    Palache, C., H. Berman, and C. Frondel (1951) Dana’s system of mineralogy,
      • Tooele Co.
        • Deep Creek Mts
          • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
            • Gold Hill
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Utah Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
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