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Chenite

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Formula:
Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
System:
Triclinic
Colour:
Pale blue
Hardness:
Name:
For Canadian mineralogist, Tzong T. Chen (b. 1942)

Classification of Chenite

Approved 1983
7.BC.70

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
B : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
30.1.16.1

30 : ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
25.7.8

25 : Sulphates
7 : Sulphates of Pb
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Type Occurrence of Chenite

Year of Discovery:
1983

Physical Properties of Chenite

Adamantine
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Pale blue
Hardness (Mohs):
Hardness Data:
Measured
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {100}.
Density:
5.98 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.044 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Chenite

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.791(1) Å, b = 7.940(1) Å, c = 7.976(1) Å
α = 112.02(1)°, β = 97.73(1)°, γ = 100.45(1)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.729 : 1 : 1.005
Z:
1
Morphology:
Tabular, pointed, rich in faces.

Optical Data of Chenite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.871 nβ = 1.909 nγ = 1.927
2V:
Measured: 67° , Calculated: 66°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.056
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
very strong

Chemical Properties of Chenite

Formula:
Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Chenite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
MunakataitePb2Cu2(Se4+O3)(SO4)(OH)4
SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
7.BC.05D'AnsiteNa21Mg(SO4)10Cl3
7.BC.10AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Ammonioalunite(NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10DorallchariteTlFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10HuangiteCa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Schlossmacherite(H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10WalthieriteBa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10Beaverite-(Zn)Pb(Fe23+Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.15Ye'elimiteCa4Al6(SO4)O12
7.BC.20AtlasoviteK(BiO)Cu6Fe3+(SO4)5O3Cl
7.BC.20NabokoiteKCu7(SO4)5(Te4+O3)OCl
7.BC.25ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
7.BC.30EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
7.BC.30FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3O
7.BC.35KamchatkiteKCu3(SO4)2OCl
7.BC.40PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
7.BC.45KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2
7.BC.45AlumoklyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)4O2
7.BC.50CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
7.BC.55WherryitePb7Cu2(SO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2
7.BC.60MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
7.BC.65LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
7.BC.65SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
7.BC.65MunakataitePb2Cu2(Se4+O3)(SO4)(OH)4
7.BC.75KrivovichevitePb3Al(SO4)(OH)7
7.BC.80AnhydrokainiteKMg(SO4)Cl
25.7.1SchaurteiteCa3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
25.7.2Zircosulfate(Zr,Ti)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
25.7.3AnglesitePbSO4
25.7.4LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
25.7.5Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
25.7.6LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
25.7.7ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
25.7.9OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
25.7.10ItoitePb3Ge4+(SO4)2O2(OH)2
25.7.11FleischeritePb3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
25.7.12Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
25.7.13PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6

Other Names for Chenite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Chenit
Russian:Ченит
Spanish:Chenita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Chenite

Reference List:
Paar, W. H., Mereiter, K., Braithwaite, R. S. W., Keller, P. and Dunn, P. J. (1986), "Chenite, Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6, a new mineral, from Leadhills, Scotland": Mineralogical Magazine: 50: 129-135.

American Mineralogist: 72: 222.

Hess, H., Keller., P. and Riffel, H. (1988): The crystal structure of chenite, Pb4Cu(OH)6(SO4)2. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1988, 259-264.

Krause, W. (1991): Chenit von der Grube Virneberg bei Rheinbreitbach. Aufschluss 42, 147-153. (in German)

Internet Links for Chenite

Localities for Chenite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Waitschach
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
      • St Martin am Silberberg
Blaß, G., Graf, H.-W. & Pichler, A. (1997): Sekundäre Neubildungen in Schlacken von St. Martin am Silberberg in Kärnten (1). Mineralien-Welt, 8(5), 42-45.
  • Styria
    • Niedere Tauern
      • Öblarn
        • Walchen
Schebesta, K. (1992): Schlackenminerale aus der Walchen bei Öblarn. Lapis 17 (2), 19-30; 50.
Belgium
 
  • Limburg Province
    • Dilsen-Stokkem
  • Namur Province
    • Andenne
No reference listed
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Poullaouen
Germain C., Leydet J-C., Saget Ph. (1990), Les minéraux de néoformation de Huelgoat (Finistère), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, 3-16
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Aude
      • Padern
Favreau, G., Berbain, C. & Meisser, N. (2003): Cyanophyllite et autres minéraux rares de Padern (Aude). Le Cahiers des Micromonteurs, 82(4), 17-23.
    • Lozère
      • Pont-de-Montvert
        • Vialas
Georges FAVREAU collection
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • La Pacaudière
        • Le Crozet
          • Les Rats Mine
Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
    • Rhône
      • Poule-les-Echarmeaux
Chollet Pascal Collection
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Badenweiler
        • Badenweiler Pb mining District
          • Sehringen
Schlomann, C. and Steen, H. (1990) Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Bergbaugebiet von Badenweiler im Südschwarzwald. Lapis, 15 (12), 13-20; 50. (in German)
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Emmendingen
        • Freiamt Pb-Cu mining District
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • St Blasien
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1991): Mineralogische Notizen V, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 42, 155-171
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
      • Lautenthal
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Eifel
      • Mechernich
        • Kall
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
        • Ramsbeck
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Sundern
        • Bönkhausen
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Westerwald
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Rheinbreitbach
Krause, W. (1991): Chenit von der Grube Virneberg bei Rheinbreitbach, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 42, 147-153
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Sounion Area
          • Agia Varvara Mines (St Barbara Mines)
No reference listed
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
    • Livorno Province
      • Campiglia Marittima
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
        • Sassetta
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
      • Piombino
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
UK
 
  • England
    • Co. Durham
      • North Pennines
        • Derwent Valley
          • Castleside
R. S. W. Braithwaite, R. P. H. Lamb & A. L. Nattrass (2006): Heavy metals and their weathering products in residues from Castleside Smelting Mill, County Durham, including a new slag mineral, copper antimonate. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 54-61.
    • Cornwall
      • Mount's Bay District
        • Porthleven
g.curtis collection
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
UKJMM 16
        • Roughton Gill
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume11, 2008
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 11, 2008
      • Threlkeld District
        • Blencathra
UK Journal of Mines and Minerals number 29 2008
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries & Galloway
      • Wanlockhead
BMS Database; Green, D. I. (1987): The minerals of Meadowfoot smelter. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2, 3-9.
S Rust collection
S.Rust collection
    • Strathclyde
      • South Lanarkshire
        • Leadhills
BMS Database
Paar, W. H., Mereiter, K., Braithwaite, R. S. W., Keller, P. and Dunn, P. J. (1986), "Chenite, Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6, a new mineral, from Leadhills, Scotland": Mineralogical Magazine: 50: 129-135.
          • Wanlock Dod
Steve Rust Collection
S.Rust Collection
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Talybont
S Rust
          • Nant-y-Moch Reservoir area
UKJMM 18
      • Trefeirig
        • Pen-bont Rhydybeddau
[UK Journal of Mines and Minerals No.14 p.9]
Mineral and/or Locality  
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