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Chernovite-(Y)

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Formula:
Y(AsO
 
4
)
System:TetragonalHardness:4 - 5
Member of:Xenotime Group
Name:Named in 1967 by B. A. Goldin, N. P. Yushkin, and M. V. Fishman in honor of Professor Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Chernov (1877–1963), Russian geologist, Institute of Geology, Syktyvar, Russia, explorer of the Polar Urals.

Classification of Chernovite-(Y)

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/A.14-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.AD.35

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
D : With only large cations
Dana 8th edition ID:38.4.11.2

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
4 : AXO4
Hey's CIM Ref.:20.4.12

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
4 : Arsenates of Group III metals (Al, rare earths)
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Type Occurrence of Chernovite-(Y)

Type Locality:Nyarta-Syu-Yu River, Tel'pos-Iz Mt, Tyumenskaya Oblast', Polar Urals, Western-Siberian Region, Russia

Physical Properties of Chernovite-(Y)

Hardness (Mohs):4 - 5

Crystallography of Chernovite-(Y)

Crystal System:Tetragonal
Class (H-M):4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:I41/amd
Cell Parameters:a = 7.05Å, c = 6.25Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 0.887
Unit Cell Volume:V 310.64 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Comment:Range: a = 6.99–7.09 c = 6.17–6.32 A.

Optical Data of Chernovite-(Y)

Type:Uniaxial (+)
RI values: nω = 1.783 nε = 1.879
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.096

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High

Chemical Properties of Chernovite-(Y)

Formula:
Y(AsO
 
4
)
Simplified for copy/paste:Y(AsO4)
Essential elements:As, O, Y
All elements listed in formula:As, O, Y

Relationship of Chernovite-(Y) to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Xenotime-(Y) (see here)
Member of:Xenotime Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Pretulite
Sc(PO
 
4
)
Wakefieldite-(Ce)
Ce(VO
 
4
)
Wakefieldite-(La)
La(VO
 
4
)
Wakefieldite-(Nd)
Nd(VO
 
4
)
Wakefieldite-(Y)
Y(VO
 
4
)
Xenotime-(Y)
Y(PO
 
4
)
Xenotime-(Yb)
(Yb,Y,HREE)(PO
 
4
)
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.AD.05Nahpoite
Na
 
2
HPO
 
4
8.AD.10Monetite
Ca(HPO
 
4
)
8.AD.10Weilite
Ca(HAsO
 
4
)
8.AD.10Švenekite
Ca(H
 
2
AsO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AD.15Archerite
(K,NH
 
4
)(H
 
2
PO
 
4
)
8.AD.15Biphosphammite
(NH
 
4
,K)(H
 
2
PO
 
4
)
8.AD.20Phosphammite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)
8.AD.25Buchwaldite
NaCa(PO
 
4
)
8.AD.30Schultenite
Pb(HAsO
 
4
)
8.AD.35Dreyerite
Bi(VO
 
4
)
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(Ce)
Ce(VO
 
4
)
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(Y)
Y(VO
 
4
)
8.AD.35Xenotime-(Y)
Y(PO
 
4
)
8.AD.35Pretulite
Sc(PO
 
4
)
8.AD.35Xenotime-(Yb)
(Yb,Y,HREE)(PO
 
4
)
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(La)
La(VO
 
4
)
8.AD.40Pucherite
Bi(VO
 
4
)
8.AD.45Ximengite
Bi(PO
 
4
)
8.AD.50Gasparite-(Ce)
(Ce,REE)(AsO
 
4
)
8.AD.50Monazite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Nd,Th)(PO
 
4
)
8.AD.50Monazite-(La)
(La,Ce,Nd)(PO
 
4
)
8.AD.50Monazite-(Nd)
(Nd,La,Ce)(PO
 
4
)
8.AD.50Rooseveltite
Bi(AsO
 
4
)
8.AD.50Cheralite
(Ca,Ce)(Th,Ce)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AD.50Monazite-(Sm)
(Sm,Gd,Ce,Th)(PO
 
4
)
8.AD.50UM2005-35-VO:CaFePSiTh
(Th,Ca)(VO
 
4
,SiO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
8.AD.55Tetrarooseveltite
Bi(AsO
 
4
)
8.AD.60Chursinite
(Hg
+
2
)
 
0.5
Hg
2+
 
(AsO
 
4
)
8.AD.65Clinobisvanite
Bi(VO
 
4
)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
20.4.1Mansfieldite
AlAsO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
20.4.2Bulachite
Al
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
3
· 3H
 
2
O
20.4.3Pharmacoalumite
KAl
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
4
· 6.5H
 
2
O
20.4.4Luetheite
Cu
 
2
Al
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
20.4.5Arsenogoyazite
SrAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
20.4.6Arsenocrandallite
CaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
20.4.7Arsenoflorencite-(Ce)
CeAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
20.4.8Arsenoflorencite-(La)
(La,Ce,Nd)(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
20.4.9Arsenoflorencite-(Nd)
NdAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
20.4.10Gerdtremmelite
(Zn,Fe)(Al,Fe)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
5
20.4.11Gasparite-(Ce)
(Ce,REE)(AsO
 
4
)
20.4.13Agardite-(Y)
(Y,Ca)Cu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
,HAsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
20.4.14Agardite-(La)
(La,Ce)Cu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
20.4.15Goudeyite
(Al,Y)Cu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
20.4.16Retzian-(Ce)
Mn
2+
2
Ce(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
20.4.17Retzian-(La)
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(La,Ce,Nd)(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
20.4.18Retzian-(Nd)
Mn
2+
2
(Nd,Ce,La)(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4

Other Names for Chernovite-(Y)

Synonyms:
IMA1967-027
Other Languages:
German:Chernovit-(Y)
Russian:Черновит-(Y)
Simplified Chinese:砷钇矿

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Chernovite-(Y)

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist: 53: 1777.

Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 96: 699-704.

Mineralogical Magazine: 39: 145-151.

Internet Links for Chernovite-(Y)

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  • Look for Chernovite-(Y) on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Chernovite-(Y) details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Chernovite-(Y)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Rauris valley
          • Hüttwinkl valley
    PUTZ, H. (2010): Chernovit-(Y) aus den Plattenbrüchen im Rauriser Tal – ein Erstfund für das Bundesland Salzburg. Mineralogisches Archiv Salzburg, 13, 274.
    PUTZ, H. (2010): Chernovit-(Y) aus den Plattenbrüchen im Rauriser Tal – ein Erstfund für das Bundesland Salzburg. Mineralogisches Archiv Salzburg, 13, 274.
    Brazil
     
    • Bahia
      • Brumado (Bom Jesus dos Meiras)
        • Serra das Éguas
    No reference listed
    • Minas Gerais
      • Jaguaraçu
    [Mineralogical Record - Vol 25 No.3]
    China
     
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Ganzhou Prefecture
        • Longnan Co.
    Zhiwei Bao and Zhenhua Zhao (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 519-535.; Yunhuai Lin and Shiyang Chen (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(3), 23-31
    Deqian Chen, Daoling Yin, Jianxiong Zhou, Xingyuan Lin, Hanqing Zhang and Nicheng Shi (1994): Geological Review 59(1), 82-86
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Liberec Region
    Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
      • Ústí Region
        • Most
          • Hora Svaté Kateřiny (Sankt Katharinaberg; Halleberg; Katterberg)
    Breiter, Karel, Copjakova, Renata, and Skoda, Radek, 2009, The Involvement of F, CO2, and As in the Alteration of Zr-Th-REE-bearing Accessory Minerals in the Hora Svaté Kateřiny A-type Granite, Czech Republic, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 47, p. 1375-1398.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Vysočina Region
        • Třebíč
    Novák, M. & Škoda, R. (2007): Mn3+-rich andalusite to kanonaite and their breakdown products from metamanganolite at Kojetice near Třebíč, the Moldanubian Zone, Czech Republic. Journal of Geosciences, 52(1-2), 161-167.
    Finland
     
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
      • Kangasala
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011), Ilkka Mikkola material
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Gengenbach
          • Haigerach valley
    Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Spessart
          • Hösbach
            • Sailauf
              • Hartkoppe
    No reference listed
    Italy
     
    • Liguria
      • Genova and La Spezia Provinces
        • different municipalities
          • Tre Monti mining concession
    Castellaro, F., Passarino, G. (2011): I minerali di Monte Alpe. Sezione dell'antica Concessione Tre Monti (La Spezia e Genova). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana. 4/2011, 214-224.
      • Genova Province
        • Ne
          • Graveglia Valley
    Palenzona A. (1988) - La Chernovite di Molinello (GE) - Rivista Miner. Ital., Milano, fasc. 3, pp.121-122 and [MinRec 32:356]
            • Reppia
    Bruno Marello collection
    • Piedmont
      • Cuneo Province
        • Corsaglia Valley
          • Montaldo di Mondovì
            • Borgata Oberti
              • Frazze and Rocconi localities
    Cabella, R., Lucchetti, G. and Marescotti, P. (1999): Occurrence of LREE- and Y-arsenates from a Fe-Mn deposit, Ligurian Briançonnais Domain, Maritime Alps, Italy. Can. Mineral. 37, 961-972. Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Cadoni, M., Armellino, G., Piccoli, G.C., Ambrino, P., Blass, G., Odicino, G., Ciuffardi, M. (2011): Montaldo di Mondovì Minerali della miniera di manganese e ferro. Micro, 9, 4-21.
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Ossola Valley
          • Baceno
            • Devero Alp (Devero Valley; Val Devero)
    http://www.webmineralshop.com/ Cervandone article& personal collection
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    Mongolia
     
    • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
      • Altai Mts
    P.M.Kartashov data
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
      • Swakopmund District
        • Arandis
    Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
    Norway
     
    • Aust-Agder
    Hawthorne, F.C., Groat, L.A., Raudsepp, M., Ball, N.A., Kimata, M., Spike, F.D., Gaba, R., Halden N.M. & Lumpkin, G.R. (1991): Alphadecay damage of titanite. American Mineralogist, 76, 370-396
    • Nordland
      • Sørfold
    Ellingsen, H.V., Haugen, A., Raade, G., Eldjarn, K. & Berg, H.-J., (1995): Sjeldne mineraler i en amazonittpegmatitt ved Tennvatn i Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skriftserie 9, 35-37
    • Telemark
      • Kragerø
        • Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen pegmatite
    Kristiansen, Roy (1993): Caysichitt-(Y) og Chernovitt-(Y) fra Lindvikskollen, Kragerø; to nye mineraler for Norge. STEIN 20 (2), 125-128
    Russia
     
    • Northern Region
      • Komi Republic
        • Prepolar Ural
          • Kozhim River Basin
            • Maldynyrd range (Maldy-nyrd range)
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    P.M. Kartashov data
              • Grubependity Lake
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Heys Mineral Index 3rd ed.
    • Western-Siberian Region
      • Polar Urals
        • Tyumenskaya Oblast'
          • Tel'pos-Iz Mt
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Rimavská Sobota Co.
        • Tisovec
    Ondrejka M., Uher P., Pršek J., Ozdín D., Putiš M., 2005: Arsenian monazite-Ce and REE arsenates and carbonates: Composition and substitution in the REEPO4 – REEAsO4 system. Example from Tisovec – Rejkovo thyolite (Western Carpathians, Slovakia). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol.7, 04857.
    Sweden
     
    • Dalsland
      • Åmål
        • Strandhem ore field
    Kjell Gatedal
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Hinterrhein Valley
        • Ferrera Valley
          • Ausserferrera
    Am Min 83: 1100–1110. (1998)
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Binn Valley
        • Chummibort
    Cuchet, S., van der Burgt, A. und Meisser, N. (2005): Chummibort, eine neue Fundstelle für Arsenmineralien im Binntal. Schweizer Strahler, Nr. 2, 19-29. (in German/French)
    See references at locality description - cuchet et al. 2014, Schweizer Strahler. I am co-author - M. Crumbach
        • Kriegalp Valley (Chriegalp Valley)
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 110.
        • Lercheltini area (Lärcheltini)
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 196.
      • Collonges
        • Plex
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 111.
    Tajikistan
     
    • Region of Republican Subordination
      • Tien Shan Mtn
        • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
    USA
     
    • New Mexico
      • Sierra Co.
        • Paramount Canyon
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd rev. Ed., 1996
    Min.Rec.: 20(5):404.
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