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Gypsum

This page kindly sponsored by Dragon Minerals
Formula:
CaSO4 · 2H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Colourless to white, ...
Hardness:
2
Name:
First known mention is by Theophrastus about 300-325 BCE from the Greek γυψοζ (gypsos) meaning plaster.
Isostructural with:
The most common sulphate mineral.
Found as both massive material, including the alabaster variety; and clear crystals, the selenite variety; and, parallel fibrous, the satin spar variety. Typically colourless to white, transparent crystals, thick tabular to lenticular, sometimes prismatic.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Gypsum.


Classification of Gypsum

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.CD.40

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
D : With only large cations
Dana 7th ed.:
29.6.3.1
29.6.3.1

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
6 : AXO4·xH2O
25.4.3

25 : Sulphates
4 : Sulphates of Ca, Sr and Ba

Gypsum in petrology

An essential component of (items highlighted in red)

Occurrences of Gypsum

Physical Properties of Gypsum

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Silky, Pearly, Dull
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Comment:
Wide range of luster based on varieties, pearly on {010}
Colour:
Colourless to white, often tinged other hues due to impurities; colourless in transmitted light..
Streak:
White.
Hardness (Mohs):
2
Hardness Data:
Mohs hardness reference species
Comment:
Hardness varies with direction down to 1.5
Tenacity:
Flexible
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect (eminent) and easy on {010}, almost micaceous in some samples; on {100} distinct, yielding a surface with a conchoidal fracture; on {011}, yielding a fibrous fracture {001}.
Fracture:
Splintery, Conchoidal
Translation gliding:
Readily undergroes translation gliding with T{010}, t{[001], which can also be generated by torsion about [001], or bending {010} about [010].
Comment:
Also inelastic. Breakage depends on orientation.
Density:
2.312 - 2.322 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.308 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Gypsum

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.679(5) Å, b = 15.202(14) Å, c = 6.522(6) Å
β = 118.43°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.374 : 1 : 0.429
Unit Cell Volume:
V 495.15 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Thin to thick tabular crystals, {010} with {111} and {120}; also prismatic [001], stout to acicular, with the prism zone often striated. Crystals may have warped surfaces, or be bent or twisted. Rosette-like clusters of lenticular crystals are common. Also found as granular masses, massive beds, and fibrous masses ("satin spar").
Twinning:
{100} ("swallow-tail"), very common, with a re-entrant angle formed ordinarily by {111}; on {101} as contact twins ("butterfly" or "heart-shaped"), along {111}; on {209}; also as cruciform penetration twins.
Comment:
Data for I2/c cell (non-standard setting). There is another setting with space group C2/c and beta ~ 127°, and a further C2/c setting with a ~6.27, b ~15.20, c ~5.67 A, beta ~114°.

Crystallographic forms of Gypsum

Crystal Atlas:
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Gypsum no.4 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Gypsum no.23 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Gypsum no.36 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Gypsum no.52 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Gypsum no.101 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Crystal Structure

Structure
Reference
Boeyens J C A Ichharam V V H (2002) Redetermination of the crystal structure of calcium sulphate dihydrate, CaSO4*2H2O Locality: synthetic. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 217:9-10.

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More Crystal Structures
Click here to view more crystal structures at the American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.63(100)
4.28(100)
3.80(20)
3.07(80)
2.87(50)
2.69(40)
2.22(20)
2.09(300

Optical Data of Gypsum

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.519 - 1.521 nβ = 1.522 - 1.523 nγ = 1.529 - 1.530
2V:
Measured: 58° , Calculated: 58° to 68°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.010
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
Strong r > v inclined

Chemical Properties of Gypsum

Formula:
CaSO4 · 2H2O
Elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Slightly soluble in water. Soluble in HCl.

Relationship of Gypsum to other Species

Other Members of Group:
BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
7.CD.Campostriniite(Bi2.5Na0.5)(NH4)2Na2(SO4)6 · H2O
7.CD.05MatteucciteNaHSO4 · H2O
7.CD.10MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
7.CD.15Lecontite(NH4)Na(SO4) · 2H2O
7.CD.20HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
7.CD.25EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
7.CD.30GörgeyiteK2Ca5(SO4)6 · H2O
7.CD.35Koktaite(NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
7.CD.35SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
7.CD.45BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
7.CD.50ZircosulfateZr(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CD.55SchieffelinitePb10Te6O20(OH)14(SO4) · 5H2O
7.CD.60MontaniteBi23+Te6+O6 · 2H2O
7.CD.65OmongwaiteNa2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
25.4.1AnhydriteCaSO4
25.4.2BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
25.4.4GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
25.4.5CesaniteCa2Na3(SO4)3OH
25.4.6EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
25.4.7HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
25.4.8SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
25.4.9GörgeyiteK2Ca5(SO4)6 · H2O
25.4.10PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
25.4.11Koktaite(NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
25.4.12Ye'elimiteCa4Al6O12SO4
25.4.13EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
25.4.14BentoriteCa6Cr2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
25.4.15CelestineSrSO4
25.4.16KalistrontiteK2Sr(SO4)2
25.4.17BaryteBaSO4

Other Names for Gypsum

Name in Other Languages:
Arabic:جص
Bulgarian:Гипс
Catalan:Guix
Croatian:Gips
Czech:Sádrovec
Danish:Gips
Dutch:Gips
Estonian:Kips
Hebrew:גבס
Hungarian:Gipsz
Japanese:石膏
Korean:석고
Latin:Gypsum
Latvian:Ģipsis
Lithuanian:Gipsas
Norwegian (Bokmål):Gips
Polish:Gips
Portuguese:Gipsita
Romanian:Gips
Russian:Гипс
Serbian (Cyrillic Script):Гипс
Simplified Chinese:石膏
Slovak:Sadrovec
Slovenian:Sadra
Spanish:Yeso
Swedish:Gips
Traditional Chinese:石膏
Vietnamese:Thạch cao

Other Information

Common and varied. Most common colours of fluorescence are baby-blue and shades of golden yellow to yellow. Selenite crystals often exhibit zoned "hourglass" fluorescence in zones that may, or may not, be evident in ordinary light.
Electrical:
Not piezoelectric.
Thermal Behaviour:
Dehydrates and turns white.
Other Information:
Crystals containing impurities such as sand may exhibit "hourglass" shaped zones with and without the included matter. Cleavage plates may exhibit asterism when held up against a source of light.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Plaster, plasterboard.

References for Gypsum

Reference List:
Theophrastus (315 BC) Gypsum. in De Lapidibus, translated by Eichholz D E, 1965, Clarendon Press, Oxford: 83-85.

Agricola, G. (1546) Gypsum. in De Natura Fossilium translated by Bandy M C, Bandy J A 1955, Geological Society of America, New York, 89-93.

Linnaeus, C. (1736) Systema Naturae of Linnaeus (as Marmor fugax).

Delamétherie, J.C. (1812) Leçons de minéralogie. 8vo, Paris: volume 2: 380 (as Montmartrite).

Reusch, E. (1869) Die Körnerprobe am krystallisirten Gyps. Annalen der Physik: 136: 135-137.

Baumhauer (1875) Akademie der Wissenschaften, Munich, Sitzber.: 169.

Beckenkamp (1882) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie: 6: 450.

Mügge (1883) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: II: 14.

Reuss (1883) Sitzungsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin: 259.[ Reusch, E. ? ]

Mügge (1884) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 50.

Des Cloizeaux (1886) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 9: 175.

Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 933.

Auerbach (1896) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 58: 357.

Viola (1897) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie: 28: 573.

Mügge (1898) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 90.

Tutton (1909) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 46: 135.

Berek (1912) Jahrbuch Minerl., Beil.-Bd.: 33: 583.

Hutchinson and Tutton (1913) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie: 52: 223.

Kraus and Young (1914) Zentralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, Stuttgart: 356.

Grengg (1915) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 33: 210.

Rosický (1916) Ak. Česká, Roz., Cl. 2: 25: No. 13.

Goldschmidt, V. (1918) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 4: 93.

Gaudefroy (1919) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 42: 284.

Richardson (1920) Mineralogical Magazine: 19: 77.

Gross (1922) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie: 57: 145.

Mellor, J.W. (1923) A Comprehensive Treatise on Inorganic and Theoretical Chemistry. 16 volumes, London: 3: 767.

Carobbi (1925) Ann. R. Osservat. Vesuviano [3]: 2: 125.

Dammer and Tietze (1927) Die nutzbaren Mineralien, Stuttgart, 2nd. edition.

Foshag (1927) American Mineralogist: 12: 252.

Himmel (1927) Zentralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, Stuttgart: 342.

Matsuura (1927) Japanese Journal of Geology and Geography: 4: 65.

Nagy (1928) Zeitschrift für Physik, Brunswick, Berlin: 51: 410.

Berger, et al (1929) Akademie der Wissenschaften, Leipzig, Ber.: 81: 171.

Hintze, C. (1929) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [3B], 4274. [localities]

Ramsdell, L.S., Partridge, E.P. (1929) The crystal forms of calcium sulphate. American Mineralogist: 14: 59.

Josten (1932) Zentralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, Stuttgart: 432.

Parsons (1932) University of Toronto Studies, Geology Series, No. 32: 25.

Gallitelli, P. (1933) Ricerche sul solfato di calcio semidrato e sull’anidrite solubile. Periodico di Mineralogia: 4: 132-171.

Gaubert (1933) Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 197: 72.

Beljankin and Feodotiev (1934) Trav. inst. pétrog. ac. sc. U.R.S.S., no. 6: 453.

Terpstra (1936) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie: 97: 229.

Weiser, et al (1936) Journal of the American Chemical Society: 58: 1261.

Wooster (1936) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie: 94: 375.

Büssem and Gallitelli (1937) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie: 96: 376.

Gossner (1937) Forschritte der Mineralogie, Kristallographie und Petrographie: 21: 34.

Gossner (1937) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie: 96: 488.

Hill (1937) Journal of the American Chemical Society: 59: 2242.

de Jong and Bouman (1938) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie: 100: 275.

Posnjak (1939) American Journal of Science: 35: 247.

Tokody (1939) Ann. Mus. Nat. Hungar., Min. Geol. Pal.: 32: 12.

Tourtsev (1939) Bull. Académie of Sciences of the U.S.S.R., Ser. Geol., no. 4: 180.

Huff (1940) Journal of Geology: 48: 641.

Pedersen, B.F., Semmingsen, D. (1982) Neutron diffraction refinement of the structure of gypsum, CaSO4·H2O. Acta Crystallographica: B38: 1074-1077.

Bromehead, C.E.N. (1943) The forgotten uses of selenite. Mineralogical Magazine: 26: 325.

Miropolsky and Borovick (1943) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de U.R.S.S.: 38: 33.

Berg and Sveshnikova (1946) Bull. ac. sc. U.R.S.S.: 51: 535.

Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 481-486.

Groves, A.W. (1958) Gypsum and Anhydrite, 108 p. Overseas Geological Surveys, London.

Gay, P. (1965) Some crystallographic studies in the system CaSO4—CaSO4.2H2O II. The hydrous forms. Mineralogical Magazine: 35: 354-362.

Hardie, L.A. (1967) The gypsum-anhydrite equilibrium at one atmosphere pressure. American Mineralogist: 52: 171-200.

Tazaki, K., Mori, T., Nonaka, T. (1992) Microbial jarosite and gypsum from corrosion of Portland cement concrete. The Canadian Mineralogist: 30: 431-444.

Schofield, P.F., Knight, K.S., Stretton, I.C. (1996) Thermal expansion of gypsum investigated by neutron powder diffraction. American Mineralogist: 81: 847-851.

Gaines, R.V., Skinner, H.C.W., Foord, E.E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A. (1997) Dana's New Mineralogy: The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, 8th. edition: 598.

Sarma, L.P., Prasad, P.S.R., Ravikumar, N. (1998) Raman spectroscopy of phase transition in natural gypsum. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 29: 851-856.

Boeyens, J.C.A., Ichharam, V.V.H. (2002) Redetermination of the crystal structure of calcium sulphate dihydrate, CaSO4·2H2O. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie. New Crystal Structures: 217: 9-10.

Freyer, D., Voigt, W. (2003) Crystallization and phase stability of CaSO4 and CaSO4-based salts. Monatshefte für Chemie: 134: 693-719.

De la Torre, Á.G., López-Olmo, M.G., Álvarez-Rua, C., García-Granda, S., Aranda, M.A.G. (2004) Structure and microstructure of gypsum and its relevance to Rietveld quantitative phase analyses. Powder Diffraction: 19: 240-246.

Zimbelman, D.R., Rye, R.O., Breit, G.N. (2005) Origin of secondary sulfate minerals on active andesitic stratovolcanoes. Chemical Geology: 215: 37:60.

Lane, M.D. (2007) Mid-infrared emission spectroscopy of sulfate and sulfate-bearing minerals. American Mineralogist: 92: 1-18.

Comodi, P., Nazzareni, S., Zanazzi, P.F., Speziale, S. (2008) High-pressure behavior of gypsum: A single-crystal X-ray study. American Mineralogist: 93: 1530-1537.

Buzgar, N., Buzatu, A., Sanislav, I.V. (2009) The Raman study on certain sulfates. Annalele Stiintifice ale Universitatii: 55: 5-23.

Nazzareni, S., Comodi, P., Bindi, L., Dubrovinski, L. (2010) The crystal structure of gypsum-II by single-crystal synchrotron X-ray diffraction data. American Mineralogist: 95: 655-658.

Van Driessche, A.E.S., Benning, L.G., Rodriguez-Blanco, J.D., Ossorio, M., Bots, P., Gárcia-Ruiz, J.M. (2012) The role and implications of bassanite as a stable precursor phase to gypsum precipitation. Science: 336: 69-72.

Bishop, J.L., Lane, M.D., Dyar, M.D., King, S.J., Brown, A.J., Swayze, G.A. (2014) Spectral properties of Ca-sulfates: gypsum, bassanite, and anhydrite. American Mineralogist: 99: 2105-2115.

Ossorio, M., Van Driessche, A.E.S., Pérez, P., García-Ruiz, J.M. (2014) The gypsum-anhydrite paradox revisited. Chemical Geology: 386: 16-21.

Internet Links for Gypsum

mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-1784.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Gypsum specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Gypsum

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Afghanistan
 
  • Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province)
    • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
      • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
        • Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)
Moore, T.P.,Woodside, R.M.W. (2014): The Sar-e-Sang Lapis Mines, Kuran Wa Munjan district, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record 45 (3), 280-336.
RWMW Collection
  • Badghis Province (Badgis Province)
    • Qala-i-Naw District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Baghlan Province (Baglan Province)
    • Khinjan District
      • Gazoghel Cu occurrences
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    • Nahrin District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    • Puli Khumri District
      • Dudkash
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    • Tala Wa Barfak District
      • Nalak (Nalaq; Nalag)
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Balkh Province (Balh Province)
    • Chimtal District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Bamian Province (Bamyan Province; Bamiyan Province)
    • Kahmard District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Faryab Province (Fariab Province)
    • Bilchiragh District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Ghowr Province (Ghor Province; Gawr Province; Ghawr Province; Gor Province)
    • Du Layna District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Helmand Province (Hilmend Province; Hilmand Province)
    • Dushan District
      • Khanneshin complex
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Herat Province (Hirat Province)
    • Guzara District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
      • Rabat-i-Sapcha (Rabot-i-Sapcha)
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    • Zinda Jan District (Zindajan District)
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Nangarhar Province (Ningarhar Province)
    • Surkh Rod District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Samangan Province (Samanghan Province)
    • Ruyi Du Ab District
      • Sare Asya gypsum occurrences (Sary-Assya)
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Takhar Province (Tahar Province)
    • Chal District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    • Namak Ab District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
      • Taqcha Khana
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Albania
 
  • Shkodër County (Shkodra County)
    • Drin valley
V. Ferrini, L. Martarelli, C. De Vito, A. Cina and T. Deda (2003) The Koman dawsonite and realgar-orpiment deposit, northern Albania; inferences on processes of formation. The Canadian Mineralogist(April 2003), 41, Part 2:413-427
Algeria
 
  • Biskra Province
    • Massif de l'Aures
Tortochaux F. (1962): Occurrence and structure of evaporites in North Africa. In: Mattox R.B. (ed.) (1968), Saline Deposits. A Symposium based on Papers from the International Conference on Saline Deposits, Huston, Texas, 1962. Special GSA Papers Number 88. The Geological Society of America, Boulder, Colorado, 107-138.
  • El Oued Province
    • Sahara Desert
Christian Bracke collection
  • Msila Province
USGS Open-File Report 2009-1252 Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world - Database and grade and tonnage models
  • Oran Province
    • Ouillis - Pont du Chelif area
Rocks & Min.: 17:243.
  • Ouargla Province
Gerard van der Veldt collection.
  • Tébessa Province
    • Ouenza
Bouzenoune, A., and Lécolle, P. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 189-196.
Angola
 
  • Namibe Province
    • Tombwa City Council
A. M. I. Martins collection
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Princess Elizabeth Land
      • Ingrid Christensen Coast
Gore, D.B., Nichols, G.T., Lehmann, C.E.R., Burgess, J.S., Baird, A.S.&, Creagh, D.C. (2000) An atlas of surficial salts of the Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica: composition, distribution and origin ANARE Report 143. 146 pp
    • Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land)
      • Lützow-Holm Bay
        • East Ongul Island
Watanuki/ Torii/ Nishiyama/ Morikawa, 1979
Schlüter, J., Estrada, S., Lisker, F., Läufer, A., Kühn, R., Nitzsche, K. N., & Spiegel, C. (2011). First petrographical description of rock occurrences in the Steingarden area, Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica. Polarforschung, 80(3), 161-172.
    • Transantarctic Mts
      • Pecora Escarpment
        • LaPaz Ice Field
Izawa, M. R. M., King, P. L., Flemming, R. L., Peterson, R. C. & McCausland, P. J. A. (2010) Mineralogical and spectroscopic investigation of enstatite chondrites by X-ray diffraction and infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 115 (E7): 18 pages. (July 2010)
    • Victoria Land
      • Elephant Morraine
McSween Jr., HY & Treiman, AH (1998) Martian Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, JJ - Ed.), Chapter 6: 1-53: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA.
Galli E, Quartieri S, Vezzalini G, Alberti A (1996) Gottardiite, a new high-silica zeolite from Antarctica: the natural counterpart of synthetic NU-87, European Journal of Mineralogy 8, 687-693
Enstatite; Calcite, Clinoenstatite, Cristobalite, Daubréelite, Goethite, Gypsum, Nickel-iron, Plagioclase, Kamacite, Schreibersite , Troilite
      • Wright Valley
Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIII (2002)
  • Western Antarctica
Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
      • Palmer Land
Vennum, W.R. (1979) Evaporite encrustations and yellow and green surficial salts from Orville Coast and eastern Ellsworth Land. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 14(5), 22-24
Edited by Rowley, P. D.; Vennum, W. R. (1988) Studies of the geology and mineral resources of the southern Antarctic Peninsula and eastern Ellsworth Land, Antarctica. USGS Professional Paper 1351C
Barczuk, A., Tatur, A. (2003): Biogenic phosphate and sulphate minerals in the soils of Antarctic Peninsula. Mineralogia Special Papers: 23: 41-43
Vennum, W.R. (1979) Evaporite encrustations and yellow and green surficial salts from Orville Coast and eastern Ellsworth Land. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 14(5), 22-24
Vennum, W.R. (1979) Evaporite encrustations and yellow and green surficial salts from Orville Coast and eastern Ellsworth Land. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 14(5), 22-24
Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
    • Thiel Mts.
Vennum, W. (1986) Unusual magnesium- and iron-bearing salts from West Antarctica. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 21(5), 55-57.
Bannister, F. A., Hey, M. H.: Report on some crystalline compounds of the Weddell Sea deposits. Discovery reports, 1936, Vol. 13, s. 60 - 69.
Arctic Ocean
 
  • Barents Sea
Krupskaya, V.V., Andreeva, I.A., Sergeeva, E.I., and Cherkashev, G.A. (2002): Lithology and Mineral Resources 37(2), 130-136.
Argentina
 
  • Buenos Aires
    • Bahía Blanca
      • General Daniel Cerri
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
  • Catamarca
    • Andalgalá Department
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
Marquez Zavalia, M. F. (1986): Challantite of Capillitas Mine, Catamarca. Revista de la Asociacion Argentina de Mineralogia, Petrologia y Sedimentologia 17, 19-22. (in Spanish); MARQUEZ-ZAVALIA, M.F.. The As-rich end-member of the jordanite-geocronite series of the Capillitas Mine, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 231-235.
    • Antofagasta de la Sierra department
      • Antofalla
Voss, R. (2002). Cenozoic stratigraphy of the southern Salar de Antofalla region, northwestern Argentina. Revista geológica de Chile, 29(2), 167-189.
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
    • Belén Department
      • Farallón Negro
        • Agua de Dionisio mining district (YMAD)
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
GUTIERREZ, A. A.; CHONG D., G. y ESPINOZA R., S.. Niveles de exposición de yacimientos del distrito minero Agua de Dionisio (YMAD), Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 269-27
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Raúl J. Tauber Larry´s collection.
  • Chubut
Brodtkorb, A., 1999. Salinas Grande y Chica de la Península de Valdés. En: Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini), Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales. SEGEMAR, Anales 35: 1971-1976.
      • Península Valdés
Brodtkorb, A., 1999. Salinas Grande y Chica de la Península de Valdés. En: Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini), Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales. SEGEMAR, Anales 35: 1971-1976.
Brodtkorb, A., 1999. Salinas Grande y Chica de la Península de Valdés. En: Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini), Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales. SEGEMAR, Anales 35: 1971-1976.
    • Escalante Department
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Chubut (2005).
    • Languiñeo Department
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Chubut (2005).
    • Sarmiento Department
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Chubut (2005).
    • Telsen Department
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Chubut (2005).
  • Córdoba
    • Minas Department
Sureda (1978): Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina 33(4):299-324
  • Entre Ríos
Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
  • Jujuy
    • Cochinoca Department
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
      • Tusaquillas
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
    • Humahuaca Department
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
    • Ledesma Department
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
    • San Pedro Department
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
    • Santa Bárbara Department
      • Cerros de Santa Bárbara (Cerro Santa Bárbara)
        • El Palmar hot springs
Zavalia, Maria Florencia Marquez & Galliski, Miguel Angel (1995): Goldichite of fumarolic origin from the Santa Barbara mine, Jujuy, northwestern Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist 33, 1059-1062.
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
    • Santa Catalina Department
      • San León
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
    • Susques department
Peralta & Sureda (1992); 4 Congreso Nacional y 1 Congreso Latinoamericano de Geologia Economica 116-125, Cordoba.
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
    • Tilcara Department
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
    • Tumbaya Department
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
    • Valle Grande Department
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
  • La Rioja
    • Chilecito department
      • Chilecito
Brotkorb (2002): las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
  • Mendoza
    • Las Heras Department
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
C. T. Friz, R. Rodrigo y P. N. Stipanicic. Recursos y Posibilidades Uraníferas en Argentina. Session 2.11 P/405. Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica. Argentina.
      • Uspallata
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Malargüe Department
Marcelo O. Olsina
Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
      • Pampa Amarilla District
C.E. Gordillo, E. Linares, R.O. Toubes, H. Winchell: Amer. Mineral. 51:1-13 (1966); American Mineralogist: 51: 1-13
    • San Rafael Department
Aguirre-Urreta, M. B.(1), Rawson, P. F.(2), Concheyro, G. A.(1), Bown, P. R.(2) & Ottone, E. G.(1).
  • Neuquén
Montagne, A. O., Ponce, J. J. y Buhler, M. (2014). Geología de la cuenca Neuquina y sus sistemas petroleros. Fundación YPF-Universidad Nacional de Río Negro, Argentina.
Tauber, S.
Tauber, S.
Tauber, S.
    • Chos Malal department
      • Chos Malal
www.mineria.gov.ar/ambiente/estudios/IRN/neuquen/n-6c.asp; aviris.gl.fcen.uba.ar/levantamiento/escuela1/GUIA%20DE%20CAMPO%20Mine.pdf
www.mineria.gov.ar/ambiente/estudios/IRN/neuquen/n-6c.asp; aviris.gl.fcen.uba.ar/levantamiento/escuela1/GUIA%20DE%20CAMPO%20Mine.pdfhttp://aviris.gl.fcen.uba.ar/levantamiento/escuela1/GUIA%20DE%20CAMPO%20Mine.pdf
    • Loncopué Department
Aguirre-Urreta, M. B.(1), Rawson, P. F.(2), Concheyro, G. A.(1), Bown, P. R.(2) & Ottone, E. G.(1)
      • Aguada de Castro
www.segemar.gov.ar/P_Oferta_Regiones/Oferta/Celestina/Yacimientos%20y%20plantas%20de%20procesamiento/Neuquén/Ambar%20Compañía%20Minera%202/Ambar%20Compañía%20Minera%202.htm
Silvia Barredo (1), Norberto Gabriele (2), Alberto Garrido (3) y Gabriel Redonte (4). "Los principales sistemas de cavernas cársticas de la provincia del Neuquén".(1) Instituto Tecnológico de Buenos Aires (ITBA), Instituto del Gas y Petróleo (UBA). Grupo Espeleológico Argentino (GEA). E-mail: sbarredo@itba.edu.ar (2) Universidad Nacional del Centro, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Centro de Montaña Tandil (CMT) Municipalidad de Tandil. E-mail: gabriele@exa.unicen.edu.ar (3) Museo Provincial de Ciencias Naturales "Prof. Dr. Juan A. Olsacher" - Dirección Provincial de Minería. Zapala, Neuquén. E-mail: algene@copelnet.com.ar (4) Grupo Espeleológico Argentino (GEA). E-mail: gabriel.redonte@gea.org.ar
Silvia Barredo (1), Norberto Gabriele (2), Alberto Garrido (3) y Gabriel Redonte (4). "Los principales sistemas de cavernas cársticas de la provincia del Neuquén".(1) Instituto Tecnológico de Buenos Aires (ITBA), Instituto del Gas y Petróleo (UBA). Grupo Espeleológico Argentino (GEA). E-mail: sbarredo@itba.edu.ar (2) Universidad Nacional del Centro, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Centro de Montaña Tandil (CMT) Municipalidad de Tandil. E-mail: gabriele@exa.unicen.edu.ar (3) Museo Provincial de Ciencias Naturales "Prof. Dr. Juan A. Olsacher" - Dirección Provincial de Minería. Zapala, Neuquén. E-mail: algene@copelnet.com.ar (4) Grupo Espeleológico Argentino (GEA). E-mail: gabriel.redonte@gea.org.ar
Silvia Barredo (1), Norberto Gabriele (2), Alberto Garrido (3) y Gabriel Redonte (4). "Los principales sistemas de cavernas cársticas de la provincia del Neuquén".(1) Instituto Tecnológico de Buenos Aires (ITBA), Instituto del Gas y Petróleo (UBA). Grupo Espeleológico Argentino (GEA). E-mail: sbarredo@itba.edu.ar (2) Universidad Nacional del Centro, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Centro de Montaña Tandil (CMT) Municipalidad de Tandil. E-mail: gabriele@exa.unicen.edu.ar (3) Museo Provincial de Ciencias Naturales "Prof. Dr. Juan A. Olsacher" - Dirección Provincial de Minería. Zapala, Neuquén. E-mail: algene@copelnet.com.ar (4) Grupo Espeleológico Argentino (GEA). E-mail: gabriel.redonte@gea.org.ar
Silvia Barredo (1), Norberto Gabriele (2), Alberto Garrido (3) y Gabriel Redonte (4). "Los principales sistemas de cavernas cársticas de la provincia del Neuquén".(1) Instituto Tecnológico de Buenos Aires (ITBA), Instituto del Gas y Petróleo (UBA). Grupo Espeleológico Argentino (GEA). E-mail: sbarredo@itba.edu.ar (2) Universidad Nacional del Centro, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Centro de Montaña Tandil (CMT) Municipalidad de Tandil. E-mail: gabriele@exa.unicen.edu.ar (3) Museo Provincial de Ciencias Naturales "Prof. Dr. Juan A. Olsacher" - Dirección Provincial de Minería. Zapala, Neuquén. E-mail: algene@copelnet.com.ar (4) Grupo Espeleológico Argentino (GEA). E-mail: gabriel.redonte@gea.org.ar
Silvia Barredo (1), Norberto Gabriele (2), Alberto Garrido (3) y Gabriel Redonte (4). "Los principales sistemas de cavernas cársticas de la provincia del Neuquén".(1) Instituto Tecnológico de Buenos Aires (ITBA), Instituto del Gas y Petróleo (UBA). Grupo Espeleológico Argentino (GEA). E-mail: sbarredo@itba.edu.ar (2) Universidad Nacional del Centro, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Centro de Montaña Tandil (CMT) Municipalidad de Tandil. E-mail: gabriele@exa.unicen.edu.ar (3) Museo Provincial de Ciencias Naturales "Prof. Dr. Juan A. Olsacher" - Dirección Provincial de Minería. Zapala, Neuquén. E-mail: algene@copelnet.com.ar (4) Grupo Espeleológico Argentino (GEA). E-mail: gabriel.redonte@gea.org.ar
Montagne, A. O., Ponce, J. J. y Buhler, M. (2014). Geología de la cuenca Neuquina y sus sistemas petroleros. Fundación YPF-Universidad Nacional de Río Negro, Argentina.
Ponce, J. J., Montagne, A. O. y Carmona, N. (2014). Geología de la cuenca Neuquina y sus sistemas petroleros. Guía Teórica. Fundación YPF-Universidad Nacional de Río Negro, Argentina.
    • Ñorquín Department
Silvia Barredo (1), Norberto Gabriele (2), Alberto Garrido (3) y Gabriel Redonte (4). "Los principales sistemas de cavernas cársticas de la provincia del Neuquén".(1) Instituto Tecnológico de Buenos Aires (ITBA), Instituto del Gas y Petróleo (UBA). Grupo Espeleológico Argentino (GEA). E-mail: sbarredo@itba.edu.ar (2) Universidad Nacional del Centro, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Centro de Montaña Tandil (CMT) Municipalidad de Tandil. E-mail: gabriele@exa.unicen.edu.ar (3) Museo Provincial de Ciencias Naturales "Prof. Dr. Juan A. Olsacher" - Dirección Provincial de Minería. Zapala, Neuquén. E-mail: algene@copelnet.com.ar (4) Grupo Espeleológico Argentino (GEA). E-mail: gabriel.redonte@gea.org.ar
Informacion Tecnologica, 48(3-4), 265-276
    • Pehuenches department
      • La Tungar
Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
Silvia Barredo (1), Norberto Gabriele (2), Alberto Garrido (3) y Gabriel Redonte (4). "Los principales sistemas de cavernas cársticas de la provincia del Neuquén".(1) Instituto Tecnológico de Buenos Aires (ITBA), Instituto del Gas y Petróleo (UBA). Grupo Espeleológico Argentino (GEA). E-mail: sbarredo@itba.edu.ar (2) Universidad Nacional del Centro, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Centro de Montaña Tandil (CMT) Municipalidad de Tandil. E-mail: gabriele@exa.unicen.edu.ar (3) Museo Provincial de Ciencias Naturales "Prof. Dr. Juan A. Olsacher" - Dirección Provincial de Minería. Zapala, Neuquén. E-mail: algene@copelnet.com.ar (4) Grupo Espeleológico Argentino (GEA). E-mail: gabriel.redonte@gea.org.ar
Montagna, A. O., Ponce, J. J. y Buhler, M. (2014). Geología de la cuenca Neuquina y sus sistemas petroleros. Guía Práctica. Fundación YPF-Universidad Nacional de Río Negro, Argentina.
Montagna, A. O., Ponce, J. J. y Buhler, M. (2014). Geología de la cuenca Neuquina y sus sistemas petroleros. Guía Práctica. Fundación YPF-Universidad Nacional de Río Negro, Argentina.
Silvia Barredo (1), Norberto Gabriele (2), Alberto Garrido (3) y Gabriel Redonte (4). "Los principales sistemas de cavernas cársticas de la provincia del Neuquén".(1) Instituto Tecnológico de Buenos Aires (ITBA), Instituto del Gas y Petróleo (UBA). Grupo Espeleológico Argentino (GEA). E-mail: sbarredo@itba.edu.ar (2) Universidad Nacional del Centro, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Centro de Montaña Tandil (CMT) Municipalidad de Tandil. E-mail: gabriele@exa.unicen.edu.ar (3) Museo Provincial de Ciencias Naturales "Prof. Dr. Juan A. Olsacher" - Dirección Provincial de Minería. Zapala, Neuquén. E-mail: algene@copelnet.com.ar (4) Grupo Espeleológico Argentino (GEA). E-mail: gabriel.redonte@gea.org.ar
    • Zapala department
      • Mariano Moreno
Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
Tauber, S.
Tauber, S. (2014). Visita a la zona, Noviembre de 2014.
  • Río Negro
    • Nueve de Julio department
      • Comicó
American Mineralogist (1978) 63, 1175-1181
    • San Antonio department
Alfredo Petrov specimens
  • Salta
    • Guachipas department
      • Alemania
Sureda, R.J., Galliski, M.A., Gorustovich, S.A. Los minerales de uranio y cobre en la manifestacion nuclear Cajoncillo, provincia de Salta. 9 Congreso Geologico Argentino, 7: 407-417 1984.
    • La Poma Department
A. G. Quiroga y T. Ruíz (1994). Mimetesita, Pb5[Cl(AsO4)3] de la mina Diana, dpto. La Poma, provincia de Salta, Argentina. 2da Reunión de Mineralogía y Metalogenia. Instituto Nacional de Recursos Mineros, UNLP. Publicación 3:325-335.
    • Los Andes department
      • El Quevar mining district
ROBL, Klaus; BRODTKORB, Milka K.de and AMETRANO, Silvia. The Miocene epithermal mineralization of the Quevar Stratovolcan Complex, Salta. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 525-539.
Alonso, R.N., 1999. Los salares de la Puna y sus recursos evaporíticos, Jujuy, Salta y Catamarca. En: Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini), Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales SEGEMAR, Anales 35:1907-1921.
VINANTE, D. y ALONSO, R.N.. Evapofacies del Salar Hombre Muerto, Puna argentina: distribucion y genesis. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 286-297
Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.
Ovejero Toledo, A., Alonso, R. N., Ruiz, T. D. V., & Quiroga, A. G. (2009). Evapofacieshalítica en el Salar del Rincón, departamento Los Andes, Salta. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 64(3), 493-500.
      • San Antonio de los Cobres
Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
      • Sijes
www.sijes.com.ar
www.sijes.com.ar
CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.
Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates - Handbook of Deposits, Processing, Properties and Use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 475 pp.; Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
Galliski, M.A., Cooper, M.A., Márquez-Zavalía, M.F., and Hawthorne, F.C. (2010) Alfredstelznerite: a new calcium borate hydrate from Santa Rosa mine, Salta, northwestern Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 123-128; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
    • Metán department
      • Juramento
Mineralium Deposita 42 (2007) 879-899.
    • San Carlos department
      • Tonco-Amblayo district
C. T Friz, F. Rodrigo y P. N. Stipanicic. Recursos y posibilidades uraníferas en Argentina. Session 2.11 P/405. Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica. Argentina.
  • San Juan
    • Calingasta Department
      • Calingasta
        • Quebrada Alcaparrosa
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 480, 609, 1014.
    • Iglesia Department
Bengochea, L. y Mas, G. (1998), Aparición de jarlita y sulfatos secundarios en el Valle del Cura, Argentina. Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, 21-A. Resúmenes de comunicaciones del Congreso de Mineralogía y Petrología, SEM 98 y 18° Reunión de la SEM, pág. 44-45.
    • Jáchal department
      • Villa Mercedes
        • Gualilan-Gualcamayo District (Hualilán mining district)
BENGOCHEA, L. y MAS, G.. Evolución de los fluídos hidrotermales durante el proceso de mineralización y alteración en el distrito minero Hualilán, Provincia de San Juan. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.1, pp. 31-38.
    • Belgrano department
    • Juan Martín Pueyrredón department
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
Peña, Hugo A. (1970): Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán. República Argentina.; Hugo A. Peña (1970): Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Secretaría de Estado de Comercio, Industria y Minería. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán. República Argentina.
Hugo A. Peña (1970). Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán.
R. Mon, A. Urdaneta y L. Suayter (1971)- Estudio Geológico de las Sierras del Campo y La Ramada (Provincia de Tucumán). Acta Geológica Lilloana, Tomo X1: 15. Fundación e Instituto Miguel Lillo, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán.
R. Mon, A. Urdaneta y L. Suayter (1971)- Estudio Geológico de las Sierras del Campo y La Ramada (Provincia de Tucumán). Acta Geológica Lilloana, Tomo X1: 15. Fundación e Instituto Miguel Lillo, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán.
R. Mon, A. Urdaneta y L. Suayter (1971)- Estudio Geológico de las Sierras del Campo y La Ramada (Provincia de Tucumán). Acta Geológica Lilloana, Tomo X1: 15. Fundación e Instituto Miguel Lillo, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán.
Hugo A. Peña (1970). Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán.
Hugo A. Peña (1970). Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán.
Hugo A. Peña (1970). Minerales y Rocas de Aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán.
R. Mon, A. Urdaneta y L. Suayter (1971)- Estudio Geológico de las Sierras del Campo y La Ramada (Provincia de Tucumán). Acta Geológica Lilloana, Tomo X1: 15. Fundación e Instituto Miguel Lillo, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán.
      • Requelme
R. Mon, A. Urdaneta y L. Suayter (1971)- Estudio Geológico de las Sierras del Campo y La Ramada (Provincia de Tucumán). Acta Geológica Lilloana, Tomo X1: 15. Fundación e Instituto Miguel Lillo, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán.
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
Peña, Hugo A. (1970): Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán. República Argentina.
    • Trancas Department
Cetrángolo Z. Ch. de (1938). "Algunas cenizas volcánicas del Norte Argentino". Cuaderno de Mineralogía y Geología de la Universidad Nacional de Tucumán. Tomo I, Nº 1.
Cetrángolo Z. Ch. de (1938). "Algunas cenizas volcánicas del Norte Argentino". Cuaderno de Mineralogía y Geología de la Universidad Nacional de Tucumán. Tomo I, Nº 1.
Hugo A. Peña (1970): Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán. República Argentina.
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry.
Hugo A. Peña (1979) - Minerales y Rocas de Aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán.
Armenia
 
  • Aragacot'n Province (Aragatsotn)
  • Kotayk' Province
    • Pambak ore district
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Loṙi Province (Lori)
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Syunik' Province
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Kajaran
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Khachaturyan, E. A.; Paronikyan, V. O. (1963): Hypogene covellite in ores of the Tandzut pyritic deposit. Zap. Armyansk. Otd. Vses. Mineralog. Obshchestva, No. 2, 18-21.
Atlantic Ocean
 
John Burnham
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
Gablina, I.F., Semkova, T.A., Stepanova, T.V., and Gor'kova, N.V. (2006): Lithology and Mineral Resources 41(1), 27-44.
    • Trans-Atlantic Geotraverse hydrothermal field (TAG)
Shaoyong Jiang, Tao Yang, Liang Li, Kuidong Zhao, and Hongfei Ling (2006): Acta Petrologica Sinica 22(10), 2597-2602; Canadian Mineralogist Vol.26, pp. 697-711 (1988)
Australia
 
  • Australian Capital Territory
    • Brindabella Range
      • Cotter River
McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
  • New South Wales
    • Cunningham Co.
      • Trundle
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Goonumbla
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Lye, Andrew, Crook Graham, and Kolff van Oosterwijk, Lennard: The Discovery History of the North Parkes Deposits.
    • Northumberland Co.
      • Woy Woy
England, Brian M., "An Occurrence of Manganoan Siderite at Woy Woy, Central Coast of NSW", Australian Mineralogist July 1987, pp 5-8.
        • Woy Woy Peninsula
ENGLAND, B. M. & TURNER, K. E. (1988): An Occurrence of Kolbeckite (Eggonite) ScPO4.2H2O from the Central Coast, New South Wales, Australia. Austral. Mineral. 3(4), 151-156.
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Leverett, P., McKinnon, A. R., & Williams, P. A. (2005). Supergene geochemistry of the Endeavor ore body, Cobar, NSW, and relationships to other deposits in the Cobar basin. Regolith 2005–Ten Years of CRC LEME, 191-194.
    • Sandon Co.
B. G. Lottermoser: P. M. Ashley, M. Muller and B. D. Whistler (1997) Metal contamination at the abandoned Halls Peak massive sulfide deposits, New South Wales. Tectonics and Metallogenesis o/the New England Orogen. Geological Society of Australia Special Publication 19, 290-299.
B. G. Lottermoser: P. M. Ashley, M. Muller and B. D. Whistler (1997) Metal contamination at the abandoned Halls Peak massive sulfide deposits, New South Wales. Tectonics and Metallogenesis o/the New England Orogen. Geological Society of Australia Special Publication 19, 290-299.
    • St Vincent Co.
Graham, I. T., Colchester, D., Cendon, D. I. and Austen, D. (2001): Siderite and associated minerals from Bendalong, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 7, 49-54.
    • Wakool Co.
Geological Survey Report GS 1949/014
P. Sutton (1983) Celestine occurrences in the north-west of Victoria and adjoining New South Wales. The Australian Minearalogist, 42, 240-241.
      • Dareton
Sutton, P., 1982: Crystallization of gypsum in the Mallee area of Western Victoria and South-western New South Wales. Australian Mineralogist, 38, 203-206.; Sutton, P., 1982: Crystallization of gypsum in the Mallee area of Western Victoria and South-western New South Wales. Australian Mineralogist, 38, 203-206.
      • Mourquong
Peter Andersen collection P. Sutton (1982), Crystallization of Gypsum in the Mallee area of western Victoria and south-western New South Wales. The Australian Mineralogist, 38, 203-207. P. Sutton (1982), Minerals from evaporative basins in the Mallee District, Murray Basin, south-eastern Australian. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 10(1), 13-28.
Gill, E. D. (1973). Geology and geomorphology of the Murray River region between Mildura and Renmark, Australia. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria, 34, 1-97.
        • Kulcurna Station
Gill, E. D. (1973). Geology and geomorphology of the Murray River region between Mildura and Renmark, Australia. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria, 34, 1-97.
          • Six Mile Creek
    • Westmoreland Co.
      • Oberon
D.I. Cendón, I.T. Graham, D.M Colchester, R.E. Pogson and D. Austen. (2005): Smoky quartz and associated minerals from Blue Hill quarry, Oberon, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 10, 47-52
Podgson RE, Osborne RAL, Colchester DM, Minerals of Jenolan Caves, New South Wales, Australia: Geological and Biological Interactions, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 134, 1-18.
    • Windeyer Co.
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Sutton, P (1982), Crystallization of gypsum in the Mallee area of western Victoria and south-western New South Wales. Sutton, P (2004), Minerals from evaporative basins in the Mallee District, Murray Basin, south-eastern New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 10(1), 13-28.
P. Sutton (1982) Mirabilite from south-western N.S.W, The Australian Mineralogist. 37: 200
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
Keith Compton
        • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
Steve Sorrell Collection
Trevor Dart
      • Thackaringa District
I.R.Plimer & I.D.Blucher, Mineralogical Magazine 43, 505-507(1979)
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
USGS Open-File Report 2009-1252 Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world - Database and grade and tonnage models
Steve Sorrell Collection;
      • Kuridala
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
      • Rosebud Station
        • Mary Kathleen district
Queensland Government Department of Mines and Energy - Queensland Mines and Mineral Occurrences Database
      • Selwyn District
UKJMM 19:28; Dana 6:A3:34.; Marshall, L.J., Oliver, N.H.S., and Davidson, G.J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 429-452.; Anderson, C., 1909. Mineralogical notes. No. VIII. Topaz, anglesite, and other Australian minerals. Records of the Australian Museum 7(4): 274–282, plates lxxix–lxxxi. [30 August 1909].
    • Etheridge Shire
      • Georgetown
Hurtig, N. C., Heinrich, C. A., Driesner, T., Herrmann, W., Wall, V., & Mathison, I. (2014). Fluid evolution and uranium (-Mo-F) mineralization at the Maureen Deposit (Queensland, Australia): unconformity-related hydrothermal ore formation with a source in the volcanic cover Sequence. Economic Geology, 109(3), 737-773.
    • McKinlay Shire
      • Julia Creek
Lewis, S.E. et al. (2010): The geochemistry of primary and weathered oil shale and coquina across the Julia Creek vanadium deposit (Queensland, Australia). Mineralium Deposita, 45, 599-620.
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Mount Isa
Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.; Forsyth, B., Edraki, M., & Baumgartl, T. (2015). The Evolution of Tailings Seepage Chemistry at One of Australia’s Largest and Longest Operating Mines. In 10th International Conference on AcidRock Drainage and Annual IMWA Conference (pp. 1-11). Gecamin Digital Publications.
Costas Constantinides pers comm
Updated list originally distributed by University of Queensland
part of list University of Queensland
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Paroo Shire
    • Rockhampton Region
      • Mount Morgan
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
qld Dept of mines- mines records
  • South Australia
    • Central North
Georgina Gordon, Brian Morris & Josine Talbot (2014) Logging the Regolith Profile of Cooper Pedy, South Australia. in Geological Society of Australia, 2014 Australian Earth Sciences Convention (AESC), Sustainable Australia. Abstract No 110 of the 22nd Australian Geological Convention
      • Lake Eyre (West)
      • Mobella Station
Lintern, M. J., & Sheard, M. J. (1999). Regolith studies related to the Challenger gold deposit, Gawler Craton, South Australia. CRC LEME.
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Arno Bay
SA Geodata Database, Deposit Number: 8170
      • Ceduna
SA Geodata Database, Deposit Number: 390
      • Coffin Bay
Open Envelope No. 6384; EL 1304; Lake Greenly, Lake Malata Progress and final reports to licence expiry for the period 6-9-85 to 5-9-86; Submitted by John F. Gilfillan and Associates Pty. Ltd. 1987.
Steve Sorrell Collection
SA Geodata Database, Deposit Number: 8165
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
          • Corunna Station
[MinRec 13:187] Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Specimens in collections
Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Pat Sutton (2004) Fan-shaped groups of gypsum crystals from Sinclair Gap Lake, Eyre Peninsula, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 10:2 pp73-77
      • Streaky Bay
Record of mines - Summary card No:6, Streaky Bay SI 5302
Rock Currier
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Station)
          • Yudnamutana District
Collection of Mark Willoughby
        • Leigh Creek
          • Beltana
            • Ediacaran Fossil Reserve
Record of Mines – Summary Card No:30, Copley SH5049
          • Lyndhurst
            • Nichol Nob
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., 1983, Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide.
          • Puttapa
Grubb, P.L.C., (1971),Mineralogy and genisis of the Beltana zinc-lead deposit, Puttapa, South Australia., Journal of the Geological Society of South Australia, vol 18., pg 165-171
        • Mount Lyndhurst homestead
Brown, H.Y.L., (1899), Record of The Mines of South Australia , 3rd ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
        • Paralana High Plains
Wuelser-Pierre-Alain; Lahaye-Yann; Brugger-Joel 2004. Mineralogy and zircon geochemistry of uranium sedimentary-hosted Beverley Deposit (Lake Frome Embayment, Curnamona Province, South Australia), McGoldrick-Peter (editor) Abstracts - Geological Society of Australia. 73; Pages 138. 2004.; Wülser, P. A., Brugger, J., Foden, J., & Pfeifer, H. R. (2011). The sandstone-hosted Beverley uranium deposit, Lake Frome Basin, South Australia: mineralogy, geochemistry, and a time-constrained model for its genesis. Economic Geology, 106(5), 835-867.
        • Wirrealpa homestead area
Record of Mines Summary Card No:147
        • Wooltana homestead area
Snow, M. R., Pring, A., & Allen, N. (2014). Minerals of the Wooltana Cave, Flinders Ranges, South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 138(2), 214-230.
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Cradock
SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6098
        • Wilmington
SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6228
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Barossa Valley
          • Angaston
Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Penrice quarry and the phosphate deposits Klemms and St Kitts, Angaston, South Australia. (self published).
        • Burra
Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
        • Kapunda
Peter Elliott; Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., & Watts, J. A. (1982). Peisleyite, a new sodium aluminium sulphate phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine, 46(341), 449-452.
        • Lochiel
R Bottrill (unpub.)
        • Robertstown
Mineralogical Magazine 1957 31 : 351-357
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Clarendon
Kolitsch, U. and Elliott, P. (1999): Mineralogy of the Mount Malvern Mine near Clarendon, South Australia. Australian J. Mineral. 5, 3-17.
        • Palmer
Mannum Minerals Collection
    • Murray Basin
      • Murray Riverlands
        • Loxton
Record of mines - Summary card No:38, Renmark SI 5410
Record of mines - Summary card No:64, Renmark SI 5410
Reference: Noble, R. J., Just, J. and Johnson, J. E. (1983): Catalogue of South Australian Minerals - 1983.
        • Murray Bridge
Raven, M., Fitzpatrick, R., Shand, P., & McClure, S. (2010, August). Minerals diagnostic of acid sulfate soils. In Extended Abstracts, 21st Australian Clay Minerals Conference, Brisbane.
        • Waikerie
picture
    • Olary Province
      • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station; Boolcoomatta)
Judy Rowe collection
      • Mingary
        • Pine Creek - Mutooroo area
Noble R.J, Just J, Johnson J. E. (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals - 1983, Govenment Printer, South Australia.
      • Radium Hill area
The mines & minerals of the Olary province of S.A. - Radium Hill & New Luxemburg Mining Areas. K.R. Kakoschke & G.L. Francis. Self Published.
      • Yunta
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Andamooka Ranges
      • Ironstone Lagoon
Mines., SA, Energy., SA & Australia., GS 1912-, Bulletin 41, Geology and Mineral Resources of the Andamooka-Torrens Area, (Geological Survey of South Australia), R. E. E. Rogers, Government Printer, Adelaide.
Van King
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., 1983, Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide.; Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., 1983, Catalogue of South Australian Minerals:1983, Government Printer, Adelaide.
      • Roxby Downs
Roberts, D.E., Hudson, G.R.T., and Li, Z. (1984): Geology and Prospecting 20(7), 32-37, 51
    • Yorke Peninsula
      • Kadina
Uwe Kolitsch collection (SEM-EDS-analysed)
      • Stenhouse Bay
Record of mines (1980), Summary card No: 88, Kingscote SH 5516
Record of mines (1980), Summary card No's: 39, 40, 89, Kingscote SH 5516 ; Record of mines (1980), Summary card No's: 39, 40, 89, Kingscote SH 5516
Record of mines (1980), Summary card No's: 84, 89, Kingscote SH 5516
SA Geodata Database (2015) - Mineral Deposit Details: Deposit 7811
  • Tasmania
    • Circular Head municipality
      • Cape Grim district
http://www.crocoite.com/locationbulletins/part1/zeolites.pdf; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.49
Anonymous (1969): Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Tasmanian Department of Mines Geological Survey Report 9, 110 pp.
      • Corinna-Savage River district
Bottrill & Taheri, 2008, Savage River mine, Unpub. Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
      • Macquarie Island
      • Southern Islands
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Latrobe municipality
      • Harford
M Latham collection
    • Northern Midlands municipality
      • Avoca-Royal George district
R Bottrill collection
      • Rossarden district
http://www.crocoite.com/locationbulletins/part1/avocaarea.pdf
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Heazlewood district
        • Luina
http://www.crocoite.com/mainadit/luina.htm
      • Waratah district
        • Magnet
Steve Sorrell Collection
        • Waratah
Bottrill, unpub.
    • West Coast municipality
      • Queenstown district
        • Mount Lyell Mines
Bottrill RS & Baker, WE (in prep) Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania
      • Zeehan district
        • Zeehan mineral field
Awid-Pascual, R., Kamenetsky, V. S., Goemann, K., Allen, N., Noble, T. L., Lottermoser, B. G., & Rodemann, T. (2015). The evolution of authigenic Zn–Pb–Fe-bearing phases in the Grieves Siding peat, western Tasmania. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 170(2), 1-16.
          • Tasmanian Smelting Company site
M. Latham Collection 2011
  • Victoria
    • Campaspe Shire
      • Corop
Steve Sorrell Collection
    • Central Goldfields Shire
      • Dunolly
Mark Raven , Rob Fitzpatrick , Paul Shand and Stuart McClure, 2010, Minerals diagnostic of acid sulfate soils. Extended Abstracts – 21st Australian Clay Minerals Conference – Brisbane, August 2010 Rob Fitzpatrick, Paul Shand, Mark Raven and Stuart McClure, 2010, Occurrence and environmental significance of sideronatrite and other mineral precipitates in Acid Sulfate Soils. 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World
    • City of Greater Shepparton
      • Murchison
Louis H. Fuchs, Kenneth J. Jensen & Edward Olsen (1970). Mineralogy and Composition of the Murchison Meteorite. Meteoritics 5, #4, p. 198. (Dec 1970).
    • City of Yarra
      • Collingwood
        • Clifton Hill
- Birch, W. D., ed. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-30,92,93,97 & 99
    • Colac Otway Shire
      • Otway Range
    • Corangamite Shire
      • Skipton
        • Mt. Widderin (Anderson's Hill)
MacIvor R W E (1887) On Australian bat guano and some minerals occurring therein. The Chemical News 55, 215-216
    • Flinders area
    • Gannawarra Shire
Val Hannah Collection
    • Lady Julia Percy Island
    • Loddon Shire
Judy Rowe Collection
    • Mansfield Shire
      • Mansfield
W.D.Birch & D.A.Henry 1993. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp 67-77
      • Woods Point
F.Bussat 1980. Minerals from some mines in the Woods Point district, Victoria. The Australian Mineralogist No.31 July 1980, pp. 147-152
Bussat, F. (1980) Minerals from some mines in the Woods Point district, Victoria. The Australian Mineralogist No.31 July 1980, pp. 147-152.
    • Moorabool Shire
      • Bacchus Marsh
        • Pyrites Creek (Coimadai Creek; Pyretes Creek; Pyrete Creek)
George Lysiuk Collection
    • Mornington Peninsula Shire
Steve Sorrell Collection
    • Mount Alexander Shire
      • Maldon
ex Joan Lamond Collection;
    • Rural City of Mildura
Demetrius Pohl collection
      • Hattah
P. Sutton, Minerals from evaporitve basins in the Mallee District, Murray Basin, north-eastern Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 10:1, 13-28; P. Sutton (2004)
      • Mildura
        • Ouyen
          • Linga
P Sutton (1979) Glauberite from Linga lakes, Victoria. Australian Mineralogist 29: 137-139. P.Sutton (2004) Minerals from evaporative basins in the Mallee District, Murray Basin, south-eastern Australia. Aus. Journ. Min. 10:1, 13-28.
P Sutton, 2004: Minerals from evaporative basins in the Mallee district, Murray Basin, south-eastern Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 10:1, 13-28
    • South Gippsland Shire
      • Hoddle Range
        • Fish Creek
Birch, W. D. & Henry, D. A. (1993) Phosphate minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3, pp. 79-81
    • Swan Hill Rural City
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
Ryan Eagle collection. P. Sutton (1982) Crystallization of Gypsum in the Mallee area of Western Victoria and south-western New South Wales. The Australian Mineralogist, 38,203-206. P. Sutton (2004) Minerals from evaporative basins in the Mallee District, Murray Basin, south-eastern Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 10(1), 13-28.
P Cristofono collection
      • near Chinkapook
        • Towan Plains Fauna Reserve
Martins da Pedra collection P Sutton, 2004: Minerals from evaporative basins in the Mallee district, Murray Basin, south-eastern Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 10:1, 13-28.
      • Piangil
GeoVic online GIS application, Department of Primary Industries, Victoria
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
    • Towong Shire
      • Pine Mountain
ex Joan Lamond Collection
      • Thologolong
W.D.Birch (2013), A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.; A suite of hydrated manganese sulfates from the Womobi mine, northern Victoria, Australia. W.D.Birch, 2013, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17/1.
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
[MinRec 24:203]; Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
Nickel, E., Gartrell, B(1993): Secondary Minerals from Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993): 24:3:203-218
    • Broome Shire
      • Nita Downs Station
USGS Open-File Report 2009-1252 Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world - Database and grade and tonnage models
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Coolgardie
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, p364
      • Kambalda
        • Kambalda Nickel mines
          • Otter Juan mine
Mineralogical Magazine 1981 44 : 333-337.
      • Nepean
M. Jacobson, M. Calderwood, B. Grguric; Pegmatites of Western Australia; (Perth 2007)
      • Widgiemooltha
Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Steve Sorrell Collection
Demetrius Pohl via Rock Currier
    • Dandaragan Shire
      • Jurien Bay
Helictite 13:19-33
    • Derby-West Kimberley Shire
      • Fitzroy Crossing
John Keith Warren Richard Kempton (2012) Evaporite Sedimentology and the Origin of Evaporite-Associated Mississippi Valley-type Sulfides in the Cadjebut Mine Area, Lennard Shelf, Canning Basin, Western Australia. in SEPM Special Publication: Basinwide diagenetic patterns: Integrated petrologic, geochemical, and hydrologic considerations, Volume: 57
    • Dundas Shire
      • Cocklebiddy Roadhouse
Guano Minerals from Murra-el-Elevyn Cave Western Australia; P.J. Bridge; Govt Chem Laboratories WA; Mineralogical Magazine Dec 1973, vol 39, pp 467-469
      • Norseman
Kim Macdonald- personally observed on visit to the mine. Large gypsum crystals from just below the lake bed, dug up thru bulldozer activity etc.
        • Norseman gold mines
McCuaig, T.C. (1997), The Genesis and Evolution of Lode Gold Mineralisation and Mafic Host Lithologies in the Late-Archean Norseman Terrane Yilgarn Block Western Australia, (thesis) University of Saskketchewan, Saskatoon, Canada, 1997 & Mueller, A.G (2011), Petrogenesis of Amphibole-Biotite-Calcite-Plagioclase Alteration and Laminated Gold-Silver Quartz Veins in Four Archean Shear Zones of the Norseman District Western Australia, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, Feb 2011, 29(3) pp388-417
McCuiag, T.C. (1997), The Genesis and Evolution of Lode Gold Mineralization amd Mafic Host Lithologies in the Late-Archean Norseman Terrane. Yilgarn Block. Western Australia, )thesis) University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada, 1997
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Rudall River District
Downes, P. J., Hope, M., Bevan, A. W. R. and Henry, D. A. (2006): Chalcocite and associated secondary minerals from the Telfer gold mine, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 12, 25-42.
    • Halls Creek Shire
      • Carranya Station
O'Neill, C., & Heine, C. (2005). Reconstructing the Wolfe Creek meteorite impact: deep structure of the crater and effects on target rock. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 52(4-5), 699-709.
Econ Geol (1987) 82:1177-1191
      • Black Flag Goldfield
        • Mount Pleasant
De Broekert, P (2003). The Lady Bountiful Extended Gold Deposit Western Australia, CRC LEME, 2003
      • Bulong Goldfield
Moeskops, P.G., Davis, G.R.(1977):Unusual Sulphide Replacement Textures in Altered Olivine Rich Rocks of the Bulong Complex near Kalgoorlie Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine(Dec1977):41: 487-492
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
        • Golden Mile Mines
Spencer, L.J. (1903), Mineralogical Notes on Western Australian Tellurides, Mineralogical Magazine, Feb 1903, Vol 13, pp 268-290
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 1, p 356
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 2, pp 510, 1948
Rex T Prider, An Unusual Occurrence of Gypsum at Kalgoorlie, Western Australia, University of Western Australia.
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 2, pp 510, 1948
Keith Compton collection
    • Laverton Shire
      • Mount Margaret Goldfield
Duuring, P., Hagemann, S.G., and Groves, D.I. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 402-421.
    • Leonora Shire
      • Eulaminna (Murrin Murrin mining centre)
Wells, M.A.(2003): Murrin Murrin Nickel Laterite Deposit, CRC LEME (2003)
      • Leinster
Simpson, E.S. (1948) Minerals of Western Australia. 3 volumes, Govt. Printer.
      • Linden Goldfield
Graham, J.L. (2003), Red October Gold Deposit, CRC LEME, 2003
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Milgun Station
Mineralogical Magazine 39,577-579(1974)
      • Mount Padbury Station
http://www.fairstarresources.com/mtpadbury.php
      • Nannine Goldfield
Kim McDonald collection
specimens given to me by Fred Rose
Copper Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1979.
Marston, R.J. (1979), Copper Mineralisation in Western Australia, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 1979
    • Menzies Shire
      • Comet Vale
Grguric, B. A., Pring, A., Bevan, A. W. R. and Downes, P. J. (2006): The minerals of Comet Vale, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 12, 9-23.
Grguric, B. A., Pring, A., Bevan, A. W. R. and Downes, P. J. (2006): The minerals of Comet Vale, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 12, 9-23.
      • Davyhurst Goldfield
        • Davyhurst
Robertson, I.D.M., Douglas, G.B. (2003), Lights of Israel Gold Deposit Davyhurst W.A., CRC LEME, 2003
      • Goongarrie (Roaring Gimlet; Ninety Mile)
http://www.metaliko.com.au/projects/project-goongarrie.html / personal visit - see photo on the Mindat locality
      • Menangina Station
C.R.M. Butt and J. Graham, Am. Min. vol. 66 pp. 1068-1072 (1981)
Mineralogical Magazine 1974 39 : 737-743; Min Mag (1979) 43, 97-98; Mineralogical Magazine 1981 44 : 333-337.; Matthew J. Sciberras, Peter Leverett, Peter A. Williams, David E. Hibbs, Peter J. Downes, Mark D. Welch and Anthony R. Kampf (2013) Paratacamite-(Ni,Cu3(Ni,Cu)Cl2(OH)6, a new mineral from the Carr Boyd Rocks mine, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 17:39-44
      • Mulline Goldfield
Linterm, M.J., Butt, C.R.M. (1998), The Distribution of Gold and Other Elements in Soils at Mulline Western Australia, CRC LEME, Nov 1998
      • Queen Victoria Springs Nature Reserve
        • Mulga Rocks U prospects
Douglas, G. B., Butt, C. R., & Gray, D. J. (2011). Geology, geochemistry and mineralogy of the lignite-hosted Ambassador palaeochannel uranium and multi-element deposit, Gunbarrel Basin, Western Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 46(7), 761-787.
Douglas GB, Gray DJ, Butt CRM (1993) Geochemistry, mineralogy and hydrogeochemistry of the ambassador multi-element lignite deposit, Western Australia. Rep no. 108 Min Energ Res Inst West Aust. p 85
    • Moora Shire
Bridge, P.J., Pryce, M.W., Clarke, R.M., and Costello, M.B. (1978): Sampleite from Jingemia Cave, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine (September 1978 Vol. 42) pp 369-371.
    • Mount Magnet Shire
The Daily News newspaper (Perth) (1924), Mining. Youanmi and Paynesville Fields. Geologist's Report, 23/09/1924
Mount Magnet Miner and Lennonville Leader newspaper (1924), The Paynesville Mining Centre. Murchison Goldfield. F.R. Feldtman, 8/11/1924 and 15/11/1924
Mount Magnet Miner and Lennonville Leader newspaper (1924), The Paynesville Mining Centre. Murchison Goldfield. F.R. Feldtman, 18/10/1924
    • Roebourne Shire
      • Whim Creek
P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
    • Upper Gascoyne Shire
Moolooite, a Naturally Occurring Hydrated Copper Oxalate; R.M. Clarke and I.R. Williams; Mineralogical Magazine, June 1986, Vol 50, pp 295-298
      • Yinnietharra (Yinnietharra Station; Yinnetharra)
Pegamtites of Western Australia; M.I. Jacobson, M.A. Calderwood, B.A. Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, 2007
    • Westonia Shire
      • Westonia
Simpson, E.S., (1948) Minerals of Western Australia. Volume 1-3. Government Printer, Perth.
    • Wiluna Shire
      • Lake Way Station
Disseminated and Massive Nickel Sulphide Deposits,Honeymoon Well Complex, Western Australia; M Gole and M Woodhouse, Journal of the Virtual Explorer; ISSN 1441-8142 Vol 1 paper 2, 2000
      • Mount Keith
Grguric, B.A. (2003) Minerals of the MKD5 nickel deposit, Mount Keith, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 9, No. 2 , pg. 55-71.
      • Wiluna
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 1, p 163
    • Yilgarn Shire
      • Southern Cross
No reference listed
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Eisenstadt
      • Zillingtal
C.Auer (1984)
    • Mattersburg
Harald Schillhammer coll.
    • Neusiedl am See
      • Bruckneudorf
Collection of city museum Mannersdorf
Mörtl, E. (1998): Die Gipse von Neusiedl am See. MEFOS, 9 (17), 17-19.
    • Oberwart
      • Stadtschlaining
Huber, S. und Huber, P. (1977): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 8: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich und Burgenland. C. Weise Verlag, München, 270 pp.; Huber, S. & Huber, P. (1981): Die Mineralien der Antimonitlagerstätte Schlaining, Burgenland. Die Eisenblüte, Jahrg. 2 NF., Nr. 3, 18-22.
C.Auer (2014)
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Friesach
        • Olsa
          • Gaisberg
H. Meixner: Carinthia II, special ed. no. 21 (1957)
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
          • Minachberg
G. Niedermayr, F. Brandstätter: Carinthia II 191./111.:143-145 (2001)
      • Guttaring
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Hirt
        • Griesserhof (Gulitzen; Gullitzen)
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
http://www.indra-g.at/Datenbanken/Literaturnachweise/Lit.nachw.htm
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Hüttenberg
H. Meixner: Der Karinthin 6:108-120 (1949)
        • Hüttenberger Erzberg
        • Mosinzgraben
          • Schottenau
M. Puttner: Carinthia II 192./112.:255-260 (2002)
        • Waitschach
A.Pichler (2012)
Pichler, A. (2003): Bergbau in Ostkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Ostkärnten. 60. Sonderheft der Carinthia II, Klagenfurt 2003, 304 S. ; Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
      • St Martin am Silberberg
Puttner, M. (1987): Mineralien von St. Martin am Silberberg (Kärnten) und Sekundärbildungen in Schlackenhohlräumen. – Carinthia II, Klagenfurt, 177./97.: 149-157. ; Blaß, G., Graf, H.-W. & Pichler, A. (1997): Sekundäre Neubildungen in Schlacken von St. Martin am Silberberg in Kärnten (2). Mineralien-Welt, 8(6), 54-55.
      • Zeltschach
Blaß, G., Pichler, A. & Vorreiter, G. (2002): Die Silbergruben von Zeltschach bei Friesach. Carinthia II, 192./112., 245-254
        • Wagendorf
G. Blass, G. Vorreiter, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 192./112.:245-254 (2002)
    • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
      • Arnoldstein
        • Villacher Alpe (Dobratsch massif)
          • Schütt
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Bleiberg District
        • Bad Bleiberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
        • Heiligengeist
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
        • Kreuth
H. Meixner (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(3), 195-209
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
        • Mittewald
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Kirchbach
        • Oberbuchach
J. Mörtl: Carinthia II 192./112.:329-330 (2002)
      • Kleblach
Pichler (2009)
      • Kötschach-Mauthen
        • Dellach
G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 193./113.:181-188 (2003)
Götzinger, M. (1985): Mineralisationen in den Gutensteiner Schichten (Anis) in Ostösterreich. Ein Überblick. Archiv f. Lagerst.forsch. Geol. B.-A., 6, 183-192.; Pichler (2009)
        • Laas
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Lind im Drautal
        • Western Goldeck group
          • Siflitz
Pichler (2009)
      • Oberdrauburg
        • Unterpirkach
          • Pirkner valley (Pirkach valley; Pirkner gorge)
Pichler (2009)
    • Gurktaler Alpen
      • Metnitz
G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 186./106.:130 (1996)
      • St Veit an der Glan
        • Äußere Wimitz
G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 191./111.: 43-55 (2001)