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Labradorite

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Formula:
(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Colour:
Pale green, blue, ...
Hardness:
6 - 6½
Member of:
Name:
From the occurrence at Ford Harbour, Paul Island,Labrador, Canada (Nain anorthosite).
A variety of Anorthite

A plagioclase feldspar with an albite : anorthite molar ratio ranging from 30 : 70 to 50 : 50.
An intermediate member of the Albite-Anorthite Series.

Originally found at Ford Harbour, Paul Island, near Nain, off the east coast of Labrador, Newfoundland and Labrador [56° 30' N, 61° 30' W].


Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Labradorite.

Classification of Labradorite

9.FA.35

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
A : Tektosilicates without additional non-tetrahedral anions
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-2308.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Physical Properties of Labradorite

Sub-Vitreous
Colour:
Pale green, blue, colourless, grey-white
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
6 - 6½
Cleavage:
Perfect
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Labradorite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.554 - 1.563 nβ = 1.559 - 1.568 nγ = 1.562 - 1.573
2V:
Measured: 85° , Calculated: 78° to 86°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.008 - 0.010
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of Labradorite

Formula:
(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Labradorite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AlbiteNaAlSi3O8
Amazonite
Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
AnorthiteCaAl2Si2O8
Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
BanalsiteBaNa2[Al2Si2O8]2
Buddingtonite(NH4)AlSi3O8
Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
CelsianBaAl2Si2O8
DmisteinbergiteCaAl2Si2O8
Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
MicroclineKAlSi3O8
Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
OrthoclaseKAlSi3O8
ParacelsianBaAl2Si2O8
ReedmergneriteNa[BSi3O8]
SanidineKAlSi3O8
Slawsonite(Sr,Ca)Al2Si2O8
StronalsiteSrNa2[Al2Si2O8]2
SvyatoslaviteCaAl2Si2O8
9.FA.05KaliophiliteKAlSiO4
9.FA.05KalsiliteKAlSiO4
9.FA.05Nepheline(Na,K)AlSiO4
9.FA.05Panunzite(K,Na)AlSiO4
9.FA.05Trikalsilite(K,Na)AlSiO4
9.FA.05Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]
9.FA.05MegakalsiliteKAlSiO4
9.FA.10MalinkoiteNaBSiO4
9.FA.15VirgiliteLiAlSi2O6
9.FA.25LisitsyniteKBSi2O6
9.FA.30AdulariaKAlSi3O8
9.FA.30Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
9.FA.30Buddingtonite(NH4)AlSi3O8
9.FA.30CelsianBaAl2Si2O8
9.FA.30Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
9.FA.30MicroclineKAlSi3O8
9.FA.30OrthoclaseKAlSi3O8
9.FA.30SanidineKAlSi3O8
9.FA.30Rubicline(Rb,K)AlSi3O8
9.FA.30MonalbiteNaAlSi3O8
9.FA.35AlbiteNaAlSi3O8
9.FA.35Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
9.FA.35AnorthiteCaAl2Si2O8
9.FA.35Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
9.FA.35Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
9.FA.35ReedmergneriteNa[BSi3O8]
9.FA.40ParacelsianBaAl2Si2O8
9.FA.45SvyatoslaviteCaAl2Si2O8
9.FA.45KumdykoliteNaAlSi3O8
9.FA.50Slawsonite(Sr,Ca)Al2Si2O8
9.FA.55LisetiteCaNa2Al4Si4O16
9.FA.60BanalsiteBaNa2[Al2Si2O8]2
9.FA.60StronalsiteSrNa2[Al2Si2O8]2
9.FA.65DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
9.FA.65MaleeviteBaB2Si2O8
9.FA.65PekoviteSrB2Si2O8
9.FA.70Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
9.FA.75KokchetaviteKAlSi3O8

Other Names for Labradorite

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Labradorite

Reference List:
Rose. G. (1823): Über den Feldspat, Albit, Labradorit und Anorthit, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 73/NF-43, 175-208.

Acta Crystallographica (1988): B44: 344.

Hans Boysen & Stefan Kek (2015): The modulated structure of labradorite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials 230, 23–35.

http://rruff.info/doclib/hom/labradorite.pdf

Internet Links for Labradorite

Specimens:
The following Labradorite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Labradorite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Algeria
 
  • Annaba Province
    • Cap de Fer
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 625-638.
  • Skikda Province
    • Collo
      • Cape Bougaroun
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 625-638.
  • Tamanghasset Province
    • Ahaggar Mtn (Hoggar Mtn)
      • Laouni
J.P. Lorand and J.Y. Cottin, Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 373-378.
Angola
 
  • Huíla Province
    • Lubango City Council
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1001-1024.
Antarctica
AmMin 36:361-367
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Buckland Co.
      • Ardglen
Hodge-Smith, T., 1924. Notes on the occurrence of Zeolites, Ardglen, New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum 14(3).
    • Yancowinna Co.
Econ Geol (1985) 80:488-496
Birch BH Book
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Yunta
Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
  • Tasmania
    • Huon district
No reference listed
http://www.crocoite.com/locationbulletins/part1/zeolites.pdf
  • Western Australia
    • Bridgetown-Greenbushes Shire
      • Greenbushes Tinfield
Jacobson, M., Calderwood, M., Grguric, B.(2007): Pegmatites of Western Australia
    • Westonia Shire
      • Westonia
Simpson, E.S., (1948) Minerals of Western Australia. Volume 1-3. Government Printer, Perth.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
H. Meixner: 32(3):85-97 (1981)
    • Karawanken
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Kreuzeck group
      • Steinfeld
        • Rottenstein valley
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Lower Austria
    • Mostviertel
      • Dunkelstein Forest
        • Dunkelsteinerwald
          • Gansbach
D.A. Carswell et al., Eur.J. Mineral., 1989, 1, pp. 455-466.
    • Waldviertel
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
      • Raabs an der Thaya
LIBOWITZKY, Eugen, FRIEDL, Daniela V. & KOLLER, Friedrich (2012): Ein ungewöhnlicher Fund von Molybdänit im Gabbro von Nonndorf, NÖ. (Moldanubikum, Böhmische Masse).- Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges., 158, 21-25, Wien.
  • Styria
    • Graz
      • Wildon
        • Weitendorf
Aufschluss 1972(SB), 76-79
    • Koralpe
      • Schwanberg
Heritsch, H. (1963) : Exkursion in das Kristallin der Koralpe. In : Mitteilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereines für Steiermark, Band 93, 1963, p. 178 – 198.
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
Jost, H., and de Tarso Ferro de Oliveira Fortes, P. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 358-376.
  • Minas Gerais
Jour. of South American Earth Sci. 15:709–723
Burkina Faso
 
  • East Region
    • Gnagna Province
      • Bilanga-Yanga
Domanik, K., Kolar, S., Musselwhite, D. & Drake, M. J. (2004) Accessory silicate mineral assemblages in the Bilanga diogenite: A petrographic study. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39(4): 567-579. (April 2004)
Burma (Myanmar)
 
  • Mandalay Division
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
      • Mogok Township
        • Kyauk-Pyat-That
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Cameroon
 
  • West Region
Wandji, P., Wotchoko, P., Bardintzeff, J. M., & Bellon, H. (2010). Late Tertiary and Quaternary alkaline volcanism in the western Noun Plain (Cameroon Volcanic Line): New K-Ar ages, petrology and isotope data. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, Sofia, 48.
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Cross Lake
Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
    • Lynn Lake District
Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
[ ]
Waard, D. de and Wheeler, E. P., 1971, Chemical and Petrologic Trends in Anorthositic and Asslociated Rocks of the Nain Massif, Labrador, Lithos v4, p. 367-380
        • Kikkertavok Island
Evans, D. T. W., Geo, P., Dickson, W. L., and Geo, P., 2004, Dimension Stone in Newfoundland and Labrador, Department of Natural Resources, Newfoundland and Labrador, Open-file NFLD 2865, pp. 52.
        • Paul Island
Dana, E.S. (1892) Dana's system of mineralogy, (6th edition), 325{327,
Evans, D. T. W., Geo, P., Dickson, W. L., and Geo, P., 2004, Dimension Stone in Newfoundland and Labrador, Department of Natural Resources, Newfoundland and Labrador, Open-file NFLD 2865, pp. 52.
        • Tabor Island
Traill, R. J., 1970, A Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, Paper 69-45.
www.alpinegems.net
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • Giles Township
Dakota Matrix Minerals
    • Nipissing District
      • Calvin Township
E. William Heinrich (1962): Some mineral occurrences near Eau Claire, Ontario. Can. Mineral. 7, 314-318.
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Lac des Iles Area
Econ Geol. (1995) 90:255-270
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Réservoir-Dozois
Olivier Langelier Collection
    • Laurentides
      • Antoine-Labelle RCM
        • Notre-Dame-du-Laus
Van Velthuizen, J. V. (1993): The Parker Mine, Notre Dame du Laus (Québec). Mineralogical Record, 24(5): 369-373.
      • Sainte-Agathe-Des-Monts
Sabina, A.P. (1986) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Buckingham - Mont-Laurier - Grenville, Quebec Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 33
  • Saskatchewan
    • Athabasca Basin
      • Honsvall Lake
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 1251-1272.
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
      • Copiapó
Cisternas, M.E., and Hermosilla, J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 339-355.
Cisternas, M.E., and Hermosilla, J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 339-355.
Cisternas, M.E., and Hermosilla, J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 339-355.
Cisternas, M.E., and Hermosilla, J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 339-355.
  • Magallanes y Antártica Chilena Region
    • Magallanes Province
Alan R. Woolley: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, part 1, 200 (BMNH, London, 1987)
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Ma'anshan Prefecture
      • Dangtu Co.
        • Zhonggu Fe ore field (Zhongshan-Gushan Fe ore field; Zhonggushan Fe ore field)
Yusheng Zhai, Yongliang Xiong, Shuzhen Yao, and Xinduo Lin (1996): Ore Geology Reviews 11, 229-248.
  • Gansu Province
    • Jinchang Prefecture
      • Jinchuan District
Zhongli Tang (1990): Geoscience 4(4), 55-65
  • Guangdong Province
    • Shaoguan Prefecture
      • Nanxiong Co.
Liangshu Shu, Ping Deng, Bin Wang, Zhengzhong Tan, Xinqi Yu, and Yan Sun (2004): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 47(8), 673-688.
      • Shixing Co.
Liangshu Shu, Ping Deng, Bin Wang, Zhengzhong Tan, Xinqi Yu, and Yan Sun (2004): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 47(8), 673-688.
      • Wengyuan Co.
        • Xiazhuang Uranium ore field (Xiwang Uranium ore field)
Lin Jun, Ya-xin Yang and Xin-min Wu (2006): Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 267(2), 377-380
  • Guizhou Province
    • Guiyang Prefecture
      • Qingzhen Co.
Rambaldi, E. R., Rajan, R. S., Housley, R. M., & Wang, D. (1984) Oxidized, Refractory and Alkali-Rich Components in Qingzhen Enstatite Chondrite: Implications about Their Origin (Abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XV , 661-662. (Mar 1984)
  • Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Qitaihe Prefecture
      • Boli Co.
Enguang Zang, Chunxiao Zhang, and Cunchang Yi (2009): Gold Science and Technology 17(1), 24-28, 41
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
    • Xilin Gol League (Xilinguole Prefecture)
      • Plain Blue Banner (Zhenglan Co.)
Yiming Zhao, Daxin Li, Liangshi Wu, Wenming Chen, Chengyou Feng, Peihua Wang, and Xuedong Gao (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(4), 425-448
  • Jiangsu Province
    • Nanjing Prefecture
      • Jiangning District
Chuanxian Lin and Zheru Zhang (1984): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 1984(1), 12-20.
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Ganzhou Prefecture
      • Yudu Co.
Mingxing Shi and Guirong Gao (2006): Resources Survey and Environment 27(2), 164-172
  • Qinghai Province
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Lenghu Co.
Huiwen Liu, Xueping Wang, Ji Shao, Kesi Lu, Fanglian Tian, and Shuya Xiong (2014): Mineral Deposits 33(1), 87-103
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
        • Baishiquan ore district
Fengmei Chai, Zhaochong Zhang, Jingwen Mao, Lianhui Dong, Zuoheng Zhang, Huishou Ye, Hua Wu, and Xinhua Mo (2006): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 25(1), 1-12
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.; Zhiyong Jia, Mingjie Zhang, Zhongli Tang, Wenyuan Li, Liye Ren, and Peiqing Hu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(5), 673-686
        • Jimunay Co. (Jeminay Co.; Jeminey Co.)
Shen Ping, Shen Yuanchao, Liu Tiebing, Li Guangming, and Zeng Qingdong (2007): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (in press).
Costa Rica
 
  • Alajuela Province
Cuba
 
  • Santiago de Cuba Province
Roesler, Max (1917) Geology of the Iron-Ore Deposits of the Firmeza District, Oriente province, Cuba, AIME Transactions, p. 77-127.
      • Juragua Iron Company Mines
Roesler, Max (1917) Geology of the Iron-Ore Deposits of the Firmeza District, Oriente province, Cuba, AIME Transactions, p. 77-127.
Roesler, Max (1917) Geology of the Iron-Ore Deposits of the Firmeza District, Oriente province, Cuba, AIME Transactions, p. 77-127.
        • Estancia Hill
Roesler, Max (1917) Geology of the Iron-Ore Deposits of the Firmeza District, Oriente province, Cuba, AIME Transactions, p. 77-127.
Roesler, Max (1917) Geology of the Iron-Ore Deposits of the Firmeza District, Oriente province, Cuba, AIME Transactions, p. 77-127.
Roesler, Max (1917) Geology of the Iron-Ore Deposits of the Firmeza District, Oriente province, Cuba, AIME Transactions, p. 77-127.
Roesler, Max (1917) Geology of the Iron-Ore Deposits of the Firmeza District, Oriente province, Cuba, AIME Transactions, p. 77-127.
Roesler, Max (1917) Geology of the Iron-Ore Deposits of the Firmeza District, Oriente province, Cuba, AIME Transactions, p. 77-127.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Beroun (Beraun)
Vtělenský J. (1959): Mineralogie oolitických železných rud z některých ložisek Barrandienu. Geotechnica, sv. 26, Nakladatelství ČSAV Praha.
      • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Jeseník
        • Žulová (Friedeberg)
Kruťa, T.: Nerostný výzkum ve Slezsku v roce 1954. Přírodovědecký sborník Ostravského kraje, 1955, roč. 16, č. 1, s. 125-138.
    • Vysočina Region
Houzar, S.: Přehled minerálů amfibolitového lomu v Mirošově (západní Morava), Minerál, 1999, roč. 7, č. 4, s. 294-296.
      • Třebíč
        • Hostákov
Houzar, S., Němec, D.: Skarn se scheelitovým zrudněním u Hostákova na Třebíčsku. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1985, roč. 30, č. 4, s. 409-415.
El Salvador
 
  • Sonsonate Department
www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/central_america/el_salvador/izalco/petro.html a
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Penikat complex
      • Sompujärvi Reef
Barkov, A., Halkoaho, T., Roberts, A., Criddle, A., Martin, R., Papunen, H. (1999) New Pd-Pb and Pb-V oxides frm a bonanza-type PGE-rich, nearly BMS-free deposit in the Penikat layered complex, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1507-1524.
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Lappeenranta
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Kemiö Island (Kimito Island)
Hytönen, Kai 1999. Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu.
    • Nurmijärvi
Jaakko Kurki Collection
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Cantal
      • Saint-Flour
    • Haute-Loire
      • Saint-Julien-Chapteuil
        • Saint-Pierre-Eynac
C. Cotonian et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 89-95.
      • Torsiac
        • Lanau
F.H. Forestier : "Les Péridotites Serpentinisées en France, Groupe I, Fascicule IV, Bassin du Haut Allier", BRGM, 1964
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Châtelguyon
        • Charbonnières-les-Varennes
C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
  • Limousin
    • Haute-Vienne
D. Coffrant, Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1974, 97, pp. 70-78.
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Ariège
      • Cauflens
        • Seix
          • Salau
Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 633-644.
    • Aveyron
      • Pont-de-Salars
G. Trolliard et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 439-448.
      • Rodez
        • Pont-de-Salars
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Ardèche
      • Privas
        • Saint-Priest
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 450-464.
French West Indies
 
  • Guadeloupe
    • Basse-Terre
Ch. Lefèvre and Ph. Cocusse, Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 189-208.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Maroldsweisach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Hesse
    • Main valley
      • Hanau
S. Weiss: Mineralfundstellen Deutschland West, Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
No reference listed
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Andernach
        • Nickenich
Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
  • Saxony
    • Chemnitz
      • Markersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Penig
H. Vollstädt, R. Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd. ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
    • Dresden
      • Plauenscher Grund
Frenzel, A. (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Plön
      • Damsdorf - Stocksee - Tensfeld area
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Thuringia
    • Thuringian Forest
      • Floh-Seligenthal
        • Schnellbach
No reference listed
Greece
 
  • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
    • Komotini Prefecture (Rodopi; Rhodope)
      • Thermes
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1994, 6, pp. 733-738.
Greenland
 
  • Qaasuitsup
    • Qeqertarsuaq Island (Disko Island)
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.277)
    • Uummannaq (Umanak)
Benson, W.N. (1940): Kaersutite and other brown Amphiboles in the Cainozoic Igneous rocks of the Dunedin District, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Vol. 69, 283-308
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Recsk
Szakáll - Gatter: Minerals of Hungary
  • Nógrád Co.
    • Karancs-Medves Mts
      • Salgótarján
EGU / EGS - AGU - EUG Joint Assembly, Abstracts from the meeting held in Nice, France, 6 - 11 April 2003, abstract #748 "Silicate melt inclusions in olivine phenocrysts from Hegyestu (Bakony-Balaton Highland) and Pecsko alkaline basalts (Nograd-Gomor), Hungary"
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Balaton Uplands
      • Zánka
XVI ECROFI European Current Research On Fluid Inclusions, Porto 2001, Abstracts (Eds F. Noronha, A. Dória and A. Guedes), Faculdade de Ciências do Porto, Departamento de Geologia, Memória nº 7, pp. 237-240. Porto, 2001
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Krishna District
Leelanandam, C, 1997, The Kondapalli Layered Complex, Andhra Pradesh, India : A Synoptic Overview, Gondwana Research, v. 1, Pages 95–114
  • Jharkhand
    • Hazaribagh District
  • Kerala (Travancore)
    • Palghat District
RARE-EARTHS, THORIUM, ZIRCONIUM, AND TITANIUM-RICH TREMOLITE-ACTINOLITE ROCK FROM VATTALAKKI, PALGHATDISTRICT, KERALA, INDIA: A PRELIMINARY PETROGRAPHIC AND GEOCHEMICAL STUDY MADHUPARNA SARKAR, V. RAM PRASAD, D.S.R. MURTHY, AND R. DHANA RAJU Regional Centre for Exploration and Research Atomic Minerals Division Department of Atomic Energy Bangalore-560 072
  • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
    • Udaipur Division
      • Sirohi District
        • Deri-Ambaji Zn-Pb-Cu deposit
Deb, M., 1980, Genesis and Metamorphism of Two Stratiform Massive Sulfide Depoosits at Ambaji and Deri in the Precambrian of Western India, Economic Geology, 75:572-591
Indonesia
 
  • Sumatera Island (Sumatra Island)
    • Lampung Province
      • Krakatoa volcanoes (Krakatau)
Smithsonian, Global Volcanism Program, monthly reports.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
      • Cene
        • Rossa Valley
Maida, F. (2002): Descrizione delle specie e varietà di minerali e loro ritrovamento nella Bergamasca. G.O.M. Gruppo Orobico Minerali - Novecento Grafico, Ed., Bergamo 82 pp. (geologic part by F. Pezzotta).
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Novate Mezzola
          • Codera Valley
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
  • Sicily
    • Agrigento Province (Girgenti Province)
      • Pelagic Islands
Henry Stephens Washington (1908) Linosa and its Rocks. The Journal of Geology (January-February 1908)
    • Trapani Province
Civetta L., D’Antonio M., Orsi G., Tilton G.R. (1998): The geochemistry of volcanic rocks from Pantelleria Island, Sicily Channel: petrogenesis and characteristics of the mantle source region. Journal of Petrology, 1453-1491.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province
      • Fassa Valley
        • Monzoni Mts
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
  • Tuscany
    • Florence Province
Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. I minerali della formazione ofiolitica dell'Impruneta (FI). Riv. Miner. Ital., 20: 81-98.
Brizzi G., Meli R. (1996) - I minerali della formazione ofiolitica dell'Impruneta (FI). - Riv. Mineral. Ital., 20 1: 81-98.
Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996 - I minerali della formazione ofiolitica dell'Impruneta (FI). - Riv. Mineral. Ital., 20 1: 81-98.
Japan
 
  • Chugoku Region
    • Shimane Prefecture
      • Oki Islands
        • Dohgo Island
Masaru Yamaguchi (1964) Petrogenic Significance of Ultrabasic Inclusions in Basaltic Rocks from Southwest Japan. Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 163-219.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu region
      • Shizuoka prefecture
        • Shimoda City
Kato, T. (1924) Japanese Journal of Geology and Geography, 3, #2, 59-70.
    • Chugoku Region
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Misaki-cho
          • Yanahara mine (Yanahara mining district)
T. Kato (1922) Japanese Journal of Geology and Geography, 1, #3-4, 77-116.
      • Shimane Prefecture
        • Hamada City
Masaru Yamaguchi (1964) Petrogenic Significance of Ultrabasic Inclusions in Basaltic Rocks from Southwest Japan. Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 163-219.
    • Kanto Region
      • Chiba Prefecture
        • Minamiboso City
          • Wada-machi
    • Kinki Region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Kobe City
Huzita, K., et al. (1971) Geology and Geomorphology of the Rokko Area, Kinki District, Japan. Journal of Geosciences, Osaka City University, 14, 71-124.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Yakushima-cho
Zyunpei Harada (1936) Chemische Analysenresultate von japanischen Mineralien. journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido Imperial University, Series IV, Vol 3, #3-4.
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Ankaratra Mtn
Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.577)
    • Vakinankaratra Region
      • Antsirabé 2 District
Rakotondrazafy, A.F.M., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Rakotosamizanany, S., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Maluski, H., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., and Ratrimo, V. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 134-154.
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Atsimo-Atsinanana Region
      • Farafangana District
Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.577)
      • Vohipeno District
Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.577)
John Sobolewski photo and specimen
    • Anosy Region (Fort Dauphin Region)
      • Amboasary District
        • Esira Commune
Majmundar, H.H.(1970): Wernerite and feldspar from Madagascar, Canadian Mineralogist. 10: 740-743
        • Manevy Commune
Majmundar, H.H.(1970): Wernerite and feldspar from Madagascar, Canadian Mineralogist. 10: 740-743
Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium collection Sample # 13446
    • Southwestern Region
      • Ampanihy District
        • Maniry Commune
          • Bokonaky
http://www.madagascarminerals.com
      • Benenitra District
        • Ehara Commune
Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.577)
        • Ianapera Commune
pers. com. K.E.Larsen april 2006
pers. com. K.E.Larsen april 2006
      • Betioky District
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
North Korea
 
  • Kangwon Province
    • Samchok-kun
      • Puksam-myon
Kinosaki, Y. (1941) Jour. Min. Soc. Korea, 24, 12.
Norway
 
  • Finnmark
    • Alta
      • Stjernøya Island
Cadow, R. (1993): Sm - Nd and Rb - Sr ages of hornblende clinopyroxenite and metagabbro from Lillebukt Alkaline Complex, Seiland Igneous Province. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 73, # 4, pp. 243 - 249.
    • Hasvik
Bøe, P. (2001): Geologi og mineralogi på Sørøya i Finnmark. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 23-29
Sturt, B.A. & Ramsay, D.M. (1965): The alkaline complex of the Breivikbotn area, Sørøy, northern Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 231, 1-164
  • Jan Mayen Island
www.albany.edu/geosciences/cwhitems.html.
  • Oppland
    • Lom
      • Leirdalen
Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp. (p.124)
Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp. (p.125)
  • Rogaland
Svensen, S. Å. : (2004): Noen mineralforekomster i Rogaland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 23-29
  • Telemark
Haas,Gerardua Johannes Lambertas Maria de (2012) Source,Evolution,And Age Of Coronitic Gabbros From The Aredal-Nelaug Area,Bamble,Southeast ,Norway
  • Troms
    • Senja Island
      • Skaland
Evans, A.M. (1997): An Introduction to Economic Geology and its Environmental Impact. Blackwell Science Ltd (Oxford), 370 pp.
Pacific Ocean
 
  • East Pacific Rise
R. Hekinian et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 691-698.
Paraguay
 
  • Paraguarí Department
Alan R. Woolley: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, part 1, 207 (BMNH, London, 1987)
Alan R. Woolley: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, part 1, 207-208 (BMNH, London, 1987)
Peru
 
  • Puno Department
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1994, 6, pp. 145-150.
Poland
 
  • Małopolskie
    • Nowy Targ District
      • Szczawnica
Wojciechowski J. 1955: O żyłach kruszcowych pod Szczawnicą. Biul. Inst. Geol. 101
Wojciechowski J. 1955: O żyłach kruszcowych pod Szczawnicą. Biul. Inst. Geol. 101
Portugal
 
  • Lisbon District
    • Sintra
Rui Nunes 2010
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
 
  • Lékoumou Department
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 470-474.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
      • Evenkia (Evenkiyskiy Autonomous okrug)
        • Nizhnyaya Tunguska River Basin (Lower Tunguska River)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Northern Karelia
        • Oulanka plutonic complex
          • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1227-1233.
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Kataranskii Cape
Yefimov, M.M., et al (1986), ZVMO: 115(6): 720-721; Bukanov, V.V. (1989) ZVMO: 118(2): 104-110.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Permskaya Oblast'
        • Gornozavodskii area
          • Saranovskaya Village (Sarany)
Ivanov, O. K. (1975): Pumpellyite from the Saranovsk chromite deposit at the Urals. Trudy Sverdlovskogo Gornogo Instituta im. V. V. Vakhrusheva 106, 146-148 (in Russian).
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Plast
Kolisnichenko, S.V. & Popov, V.A. (2008): "Russian Brazilia" on Southern Ural. Encyplodepia Uralskogo Kamniya. Sanarka 2008, 528p (in Russian)
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Altaiskii Krai
      • Gornyi Altai
        • Kharlovo
I.I Likhanov et al., Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 379-389.
Saint Lucia
 
  • Grande Rivière Village
    • Morne Serpent hill
M. Le Guen de Kerneizon et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1982, 105, pp. 203-211.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Štiavnica Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Lučenec Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
M. Huraiova et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 901-916.
      • Podrečany
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    • Žarnovica Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
      • Nová Baňa
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Žiar nad Hronom Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Zvolen Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rochovce (Rachensdorf)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Sobrance Co.
Bacsó,Z.,Ďuďa,R.,1988: Metalogenéza a rudné formácie rudného poľa Remetské Hámre. Min.Slovaca,Bratislava, 3, 193-220p
  • Nitra Region
    • Levice Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
      • Červenica
        • Dubník
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
Spain
 
  • Aragón
    • Huesca
      • Camporrells
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
      • Estopiñán del Castillo
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
      • Sopeira
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
  • Cantabria
    • Santander
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
  • Extremadura
    • Cáceres
      • Garrovillas de Alconétar
Weibel, M. (1955): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 4, 379-411.
  • Madrid
    • Alpedrete
Jiménez Martínez, R., González Laguna, R., Lozano Fernández, R.P., Paradas Herrero, Á., Baeza Chico, E., Torres Matilla, M.J. y Cabrera Andonaegui, B. 2013. Colección de Minerales de las Comunidades y Ciudades Autónomas del Museo Geominero: Catálogo de la Comunidad de Madrid. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero, 16, publicación en CD-ROM.
Sweden
 
  • Skåne
    • Kristianstad
      • Östra Sönnarslöv
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Månsarp
J.H.L. Vogt: About ironmines in Norway and Sweden GFF 13
  • Uppland
    • Norrtälje
      • Väddö
Wilke, H.-J. (1997): Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 200 pp. (in German)
U.S. Virgin Islands
 
  • St Thomas
Thomas W. Donnelly (1962) Wairakite in West Indian Spilitic Rocks. American Mineralogist, 47, 794-802.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Lizard Peninsula
        • Landewednack
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • St Keverne
          • Coverack
Majendie, A. (1818): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 1, 32-37.
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    • Cumbria
      • Ennerdale
BMS Database
    • Derbyshire
      • Blackwell-in-the-Peak
BMS Database
      • Wormhill
Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993) The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13:16-55
  • Northern Ireland
    • Co. Antrim
F. Rutley: "Elements of Mineralogy", 12th Ed. (1900)
    • Co. Down
F. Rutley: "Elements of Mineralogy", 12th Ed. (1900)
  • Scotland
    • Central Region
F. Rutley: "Elements of Mineralogy", 12th Ed. (1900)
F. Rutley: "Elements of Mineralogy", 12th Ed. (1900)
    • Strathclyde
Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 718-720
      • Renfrewshire Heights
BMS Database
Ukraine
 
  • Zhytomyr Oblast' (Zhitomir Oblast')
    • Chernyahovskiy district
      • Gorchin village
http://www.pegmatite.ru/
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Chambers Co.
Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry - a possible guide for correlation of Miocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry - A possible guide for correlations of Miocene rocks in SW AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Mineralogical Record: 24: 421-436.
      • Winchester Mts
        • Winchester District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry -- a possible guide for correlation of Miocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Shannon Mts
        • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
MRDS database Dep. ID #10048294, MRDS ID #M800426.
    • Pima Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry - A possible guide for correlation of Miocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
      • Rincon Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry-A possible guide for correlation of Miocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
      • San Xavier (Tohono O'odom) Indian Reservation
        • Sierrita Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry - A possible guide for correlation of iocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
      • Sierrita Mts
        • Pima District (Olive District; Mineral Hill District; Twin Buttes District)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry - A possible guide for correlation of iocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
      • Tucson Mts
        • Amole District
          • Tucson
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry-A possible guide for correlation of Miocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
    • Pinal Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 317, 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry - A possible guide for correlation of Miocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Patagonia Mts
        • Patagonia District
          • Mowry
            • Mowry Wash
              • Mowry Hill
Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 301.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Big Bug District
          • Mayer
Lindgren, W. (1926), USGS Bull. 782: 143-145.
      • Eureka District
A.I.M.E. Ore Deposits of the Western States (1933): 511.
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Panamint Mts (Panamint Range)
        • Panamint District (Ballarat District)
          • Panamint (old Panamint)
Geol. Soc. of America Bulletin, V 89, N 1, pp. 33-49.
    • Kern Co.
      • Kramer District
        • Boron
Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
    • Los Angeles Co.
      • Palos Verdes peninsula
        • Palos Verdes Hills (Palos Verdes Cliffs)
Sharp, W.E. (1959) Minerals from Los Angeles County, California. Printed privately, Los Angeles, California: 4; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 360.
      • San Gabriel Mts
        • Western San Gabriel Mountains
Miller, William John (1934), Geology of the western San Gabriel Mountains: University of California Los Angeles Pub. Math. and Physical Sci.: 1: 15-17; Higgs, Donald Val (1954a), Anorthosite and related rocks of the western San Gabriel Mountains, southern California: Univ. Calif., Dept. Geol. Sci.: 30: 177; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 183.
      • Santa Monica Mts
Blackerby, B.A. (1968), Convolute zoning of plagioclase phenocrysts in Miocene volcanics from the western Santa Monica Mountains, California: American Mineralogist: 53: 954-962; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 360-361.
Andersen, Olaf (1917), Aventurine laboradorite from California: American Mineralogist: 2: 91; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 183.
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
        • Crestmore Quarries
Richmond, Gerald Martin (1939), Serendibite and associated minerals from the New City Quarry, Riverside, California: American Mineralogist: 24: 725-726; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 280.
          • Sky Blue Hill
AmMin 26:352-381
    • San Diego Co.
Merrill, F. J. H. 1914. Geology and Mineral Resources of San Diego and Imperial Counties: Gems, Lithia Minerals. California State Mining Bureau, San Francisco, Cal. California State Printing Office, December. Chapter 1, pages 61-110.
      • San Marcos Mts
Larsen, Esper Signius and Draisin, W.M. (1948), Composition of the minerals in the rocks of the Southern California batholith. International Geologic Congress, 18th. Session, Great Britain, 1948, part 2: 66-79; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 364.
  • Colorado
    • Chaffee Co.
      • Sedalia District
("Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997); U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 829
    • Fremont Co.
      • Cotopaxi District
Am Min 50:1179-1212
USGS Prof Paper 649
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Willow Creek District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Evergreen District (Malachite District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; USGS Prof Paper 223
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Connecticut
    • Litchfield Co.
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Airline Railroad
Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough).
      • Haddam
Foye, Wilbur G. (1926): The occurrence of thulite at Haddam, Connecticut. American Mineralogist: 11: 210.
  • Georgia
    • Greene Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
      • Union Point
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Hart Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Rabun Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
  • Hawaii
    • Hawaii Co. (Hawaii Island)
      • Kilauea Volcano
Dunham, K.C. (1933) The American Mineralogist, 18, 384. (from a Palache specimen at Harvard)
    • Honolulu Co.
      • Oahu Island
Dunham, K.C. (1933) The American Mineralogist, 18, 369-385.
Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 58, 1-48 (1947)
  • Idaho
    • Clark Co.
      • Spencer
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Fremont Co.
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
    • Latah Co.
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
    • Lemhi Co.
      • Indian Creek District
        • Dump Creek
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Lewiston
Fisher, L., 1934, Graphite in Pegmatite, American Mineralogist, v. 19, p. 169-177.; Morrill et al. (1958)
    • Franklin Co.
      • Alder Stream Township
Boudette, E., 1991, USGS Misc. Inv. Map I-2059
      • Redington
Boudette, E., 1991, USGS Misc. Inv. Map I-2059
    • Knox Co.
      • Appleton
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v1.
      • Union
Rainville, G. D. and Park, W. C. (1976) Nickeliferous Pyrrhotite Deposits, Knox County, Southeastern Maine in Lyons, P. C. and Brownlow, A. H. (editors) Studies in New England Geology, Memoir 146, Geological Society of America, p. 319-347.
      • Washington
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v1.
    • Oxford Co.
      • Bethel
Hitchcock, Charles, 1861, Seventh Annual Report to the Board of Maine Agriculture.
      • Grafton
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1
    • Piscataquis Co.
      • Big Moose Township
Espenshade, G. H. and Boudette, E. L., 1964, Geology of the Greenville Quadrangle Maine, US Geological Survey Quadrangle Map GQ-350. Espenshade, G. H. and Boudette, E. L., 1967, Geology and Petrology of the Greenville Quadrangle, Piscataquis and Somerset Counties, Maine, US Geological Survey Bulletin 1241-F, p F1-F60.
      • Katahdin Iron Works
Houston, Robert S., 1956, Genetic Study of Some Pyrrhotite Deposits of Maine and New Brunswick, Department of Development of Industry and Commerce, Augusta, Maine, pp. 117 + 6 plates.
      • Little Moose Township
Espenshade, G. H. and Boudette, E. L., 1964, Geology of the Greenville Quadrangle Maine, US Geological Survey Quadrangle Map GQ-350. Espenshade, G. H. and Boudette, E. L., 1967, Geology and Petrology of the Greenville Quadrangle, Piscataquis and Somerset Counties, Maine, US Geological Survey Bulletin 1241-F, p F1-F60.
    • York Co.
      • Kennebunkport
McHone, J. Gregory and Trygstad, Joyce C. (1982) Mesozoic Mafic Dikes of Southern Maine, Maine Geology, Bulletin 2, Geological Society of Maine, p. 16-32.
McHone, J. Gregory and Trygstad, Joyce C. (1982) Mesozoic Mafic Dikes of Southern Maine, Maine Geology, Bulletin 2, Geological Society of Maine, p. 16-32.
      • York
Wandke, A., 1922, A Petrologic Study of the Cape Neddick Gabbro, A, J Sci fifth series 4:295-304
Anderson, 1991. Maine Mineral Localities, 2nd ed.
Gilman, R., 1978, Bedrock Gepology of the Newfield 15' Quadrangle, Maine, ME Geol Surv OF-78-10.
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Sears, John Henry (1905): The Physical Geography, Geology, Mineralogy and Paleontology of Essex County, Massachusetts; Gleba, Peter (1978): Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities.
Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.197, 198, 206.
    • Hampden Co.
      • Holyoke
B.K. Emerson, Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.270
    • Hampshire Co.
Emerson, 1917. Geology of Mass. & Rhode Island, p.71-2
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Cambridge
Ross, Martin E. (2010): An Early Triassic 40Ar/39Ar age for a camptonite dyke in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA (Atlantic Geology, Volume 46).
Jaggar, 1898. American Geologist 21(4):203-212
  • Michigan
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Aldrich,L.T.,Davis,G.L.,and James,H.L.,(1965) Ages of Minerals From Metamorphic and Igneous Rocks Near Iron Mountain,Michigan :Journal of Petrology,v.6,p.445-472
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Keweenaw Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Lac La Belle
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Marquette Co.
      • Marquette iron range
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Duluth
Taylor, R. B. (1964) Geology of the Duluth Gabbro Complex near Duluth, Minnesota: Minn. Geol. Surv. Bull. 44, 63 p.
  • Missouri
    • Iron Co.
WALTER, Jessica (2011) MINERALOGICAL COMPOSITION OF DIABASE AND ALTERED DOLOMITE NEAR ANNAPOLIS, MISSOURI. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 43, No. 5, p. 620
  • Montana
    • Glacier Co.
USGS PP 296(Ross,1959)
    • Powell Co.
KUNZ, Rebecca S., (2003) ALKALINE DIKES AND SILLS OF GARRISON, MT: A POSSIBLE EXTENSION OF THE CENTRAL MONTANA ALKALIC PROVINCE. GSA Rocky Mountain - 55th Annual Meeting (May 7-9, 2003)
  • Nebraska
    • Dodge Co.
The Minerals and Gemstones of Nebraska CSD U Neb EC 2
    • Morrill Co.
The Minerals and Gemstones of Nebraska CSD U Neb EC 2
    • Thomas Co.
The Minerals and Gemstones of Nebraska CSD U Neb EC 2
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Safford District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Coos Co.
      • Stark
Meyers & Stewart, 1956. Geology of NH, Part III., p. 27. ; Rocks & Minerals (1990) 65:304
    • Grafton Co.
Williams, Turner, Gilbert, 1954. Petrography
Rice, Jack M., Dickey, John S. Jr., and Lyons, John B. (1971): Skeletal Crystallization of Pseudobrookite (American Mineralogist 56:158-162.)
Hitchcock, Charles Henry (1905). The Geology of Littleton, New Hampshire (Cambridge MA: University Press).
    • Rockingham Co.
      • Nottingham
  • New Mexico
    • Bernalillo Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Northrop, 3rd rev. ed. (1996) Minerals of New Mexico
    • Catron Co.
Northrop, 3rd rev. ed. (1996) Minerals of New Mexico
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Cibola Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Doña Ana Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Organ Mts
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
    • Grant Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    • Hidalgo Co.
      • Pyramid Mts
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Lincoln Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Luna Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Rio Arriba Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Sandoval Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Sierra Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Socorro Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
    • Taos Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Torrance Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • New York
Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
      • Adirondack State Park
        • Newcomb (Tahawus)
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
      • North Elba Township
William J. Miller. Geology of the Lake Placid Quadrangle. Albany, University of the State of New York, 1919.
    • Franklin Co.
      • Saranac Lake
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    • Orange Co.
      • Town of Blooming Grove
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 66.
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 97.
      • Town of Warwick
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 96.
    • Putnam Co.
      • Philipstown Township
        • Anthony's Nose
John Betts website: "The old mines and mineral localities on Anthony's Nose, on the East shore of the Hudson River"
    • Warren Co.
      • Johnsburg Township
Larsen, E.S. & Schaller, W.T. (1932) American Mineralogist, 17, #10, 457-465.
      • North River
Miller, William J. (1937). Genesis of Certain Adirondack Garnet Deposits (American Mineralogist 23: 399-408).
  • North Carolina
    • Cabarrus Co.
      • Concord
Barbara A.Olsen,Harry Y.McSween.Jr,The America Mineralogist,Vol 68,pg 315-333,1983,Petrogenesis of the Concord gabbro-syenite complex,North Carolina
    • Clay Co.
      • Buck Creek
Dana 6:515,637 & 1075.
Denison,R.E.,Raveling,H.P., and Rouse,J.T.,(1967) Age and Descriptions of Subface Basement Rocks,Pamlico and Albemarle Sound Area,North Carolina:American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletion,v.51,p.268-272
    • Davie Co.
McSween,Jr,Harry Y.,Sando,Thomas W.,Clark,Stephan R.,Harden,James T.,and Strange,E.Allison (1984) The Gabbro-Metagabbro Association Of The Southern Appalachian Piedmont,America Journal Of Science,Vol.284,April/May,1984,p.437-461
Hadley,Jarvis B.,1973,Igneous Rocks Of The Oxford Area,Granville County,North Carolina,America Journal Of Science,Cooper Vol 273-A,1973,p 217-233
      • Bullock
Zeitner,J.C, 1968 , Applachian Mineral and Gem Trails
    • Macon Co.
Genth,F.A (1891) The Minerals Of North Carolina:USGS Bulletion No.74
    • Mecklenburg Co.
Pratt,Joseph Hyde (1933) Gems and Gem Minerals of North Carolina: American Mineralogist,Vol.18,No.4,April,1933
Hoy,Robert B.,(1939) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Capps Gold Mine,Mecklenburg County,North Carolina
McSween Jr,Harry Y.,Sando,Thomas W.,Clark,Stephen R.,Harden,James T.,and Strange,E.Allison (1984) The Gabbro-MetaGabbro Association Of The Southern Appalachian Piedmont,American Journal Of Science,Vol.,284,April/May,1984,P.437-461
Pratt,Joseph Hyde (1933) Gems and Gem Minerals of North Carolina: American Mineralogist,Vol.18,No.4,April,1933
J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Donald J. Geddes,Jr (2006) Geologic Map Of The Upper Wolf Island Creek Watershed,Reidsville Area,Rockingham County,North Carolina: U. S. Geological Survey, U.S.G.S. Scientific Investigations Map 2871
    • Rowan Co.
McSween,Jr,Harry Y.,Sando,Thomas W.,Clark,Stephan R.,Harden,James T and Strange,E.Allison (1984) The Gabbro-Metagabbro Association Of The Southern Appalachian Piedmont,American Journal Of Science, Vol.284,April/May,1984,p.437-461
White,William A.,(1945) Tungsten Deposit near Townsville, North Carolina:American Mineralogist,30 No.3,4
Philip Stanley Justus,1971,Structure and Petrology along the Blue Ridge Front and Brevard Zone,Wilkes and Caldwell Counties,North Carolina pg # 21
Stephan Brewer Harper,1977,The Age and Origin of Granitic Gneisses of the Inner Piedmont,Northwestern North Carolina
Genth,Frederick Augustus.,1891,The Minerals Of North Carolina;USGS Bulletion No,74
  • Ohio
    • Ashtabula Co.
      • Saybrook township
Specimens collected by Isaac Coblentz . Specimens identified by R. V. Dietrich
  • Oregon
    • Josephine Co.
      • Winona District
Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1952, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 1 - Josephine Co., 2nd Edition, page 84.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Delaware Co.
      • Middletown Township
Gordon, "Mineralogy of Pennsylvania" 1922 p. 193.
    • Lebanon Co.
      • Cornwall Borough (Cornwall)
Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
    • Kent Co.
AmMin 12:427-436 (1927)
    • Providence Co.
      • Cumberland
No reference listed
  • South Dakota
    • Lawrence Co.
      • Galena District
        • Roubaix
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Tennessee
    • Carter Co.
      • Cranberry Magnetite District
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Johnson Co.
      • Mountain City District
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Sevier Co.
      • Great Smoky Mts
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
  • Texas
    • Brewster Co.
      • Alpine
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224; http://www.omsinc.org/archives/Ore-cutts_Jan04.pdf
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
USGS Bull 878 p 41
    • Juab Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Millard Co.
      • Delta Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
R&M 68:6 p381-393
    • Tooele Co.
      • Stansbury Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Vermont
    • Essex Co.
      • Lemington
Wolff, John E. (1929). Mount Monadnock, Vermont: A Syenite Hill (Journal of Geology, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 1-16).
Rocks & Min. vol. 71, (1996)
      • Shrewsbury
Woolley (1987), Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World.
  • Virginia
    • Amelia Co.
      • Winterham
Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
    • Fairfax Co.
      • Culpeper Basin
        • Centreville
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Pittsylvania Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Stevens Co.
      • Huckleberry Range
        • Deer Trail & Cedar Canyon Districts
          • Deer Trail District
            • Adams Mountain
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; R. Derkey, N. Joseph, R. Lasmanis, 1990
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
      • Iron Mountain District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Lake Owen Complex
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Rocks & Minerals 76:383
Mineral and/or Locality  
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