Mindat Logo

Pickeringite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.



Formula:
MgAl
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:Colourless to white, ...
Hardness:1½ - 2
Member of:Halotrichite Group
Name:For John Pickering (1777-1846), American linguist and philologist.


Halotrichite Group; Halotrichite-Pickeringite Series.

At least a partial series entends toward Apjohnite.

Mg analogue of Halotrichite.

Classification of Pickeringite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:6/C.12-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:7.CB.85

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
Dana 8th edition ID:29.7.3.1

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
7 : AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:25.3.18

25 : Sulphates
3 : Sulphates of Mg
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-3204.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Pickeringite

Type Locality:Cerros Pintados ("Cerro Pintados"), Pampa del Tamarugal, El Tamarugal Province, Tarapacá Region, Chile
Year of Discovery:1844

Physical Properties of Pickeringite

Lustre:Vitreous
Colour:Colourless to white, light yellow, pale pink, gray; colourless in transmitted light
Hardness (Mohs):1½ - 2
Cleavage:Poor/Indistinct
On {010} poor.
Fracture:Conchoidal
Density (measured):1.73 - 1.79 g/cm3
Density (calculated):1.84 g/cm3
Comment:Pure end-member values.

Crystallography of Pickeringite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2 - Sphenoidal
Space Group:P2 {P1 1 2} {P2} {P1 2 1}
Cell Parameters:a = 20.8Å, b = 24.2Å, c = 6.18Å
β = 95°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.86 : 1 : 0.255
Unit Cell Volume:V 3,098.93 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Crystals acicular [001]; distinctly terminated crystals rare. Radial or matted aggregates of hair-like crystals; tufted; spheroidal; as incrustations or effloresences; asbestiform. Larger crystals may be hollow or contain bubbles of liquid or gas.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Pickeringite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.476 nβ = 1.480 nγ = 1.483
2V:Measured: 60° , Calculated: 80°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.007

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:none

Chemical Properties of Pickeringite

Formula:
MgAl
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:MgAl2(SO4)4·22H2O
Essential elements:Al, H, Mg, O, S
All elements listed in formula:Al, H, Mg, O, S
Analytical Data:
Completely soluble in water to an acid solution.
Common Impurities:Mn,Fe,Co

Relationship of Pickeringite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Halotrichite (see here)
Member of:Halotrichite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Apjohnite
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
Bílinite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
Dietrichite
(Zn,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
Halotrichite
FeAl
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
Redingtonite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
·22H
 
2
O
Wupatkiite
(Co,Mg,Ni)Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
·22H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
7.CB.05Dwornikite
(Ni,Fe)SO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Gunningite
ZnSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Kieserite
MgSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Poitevinite
(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Szmikite
MnSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Szomolnokite
FeSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Cobaltkieserite
CoSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.07Sanderite
MgSO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
7.CB.10Bonattite
CuSO
 
4
· 3H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Aplowite
(Co,Mn,Ni)SO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Boyleite
(Zn,Mg)SO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Ilesite
(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Rozenite
FeSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Starkeyite
MgSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Drobecite
CdSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Cranswickite
MgSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.20Chalcanthite
CuSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CB.20Jôkokuite
MnSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CB.20Pentahydrite
MgSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CB.20Siderotil
FeSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Bianchite
(Zn,Fe)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite
(Mn,Mg)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Ferrohexahydrite
FeSO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Hexahydrite
MgSO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Moorhouseite
(Co,Ni,Mn)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite
(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.30Retgersite
NiSO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Bieberite
CoSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Boothite
CuSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Mallardite
MnSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Melanterite
FeSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite
(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Alpersite
(Mg,Cu)[SO
 
4
] · 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.40Epsomite
MgSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.40Goslarite
ZnSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.40Morenosite
NiSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.45Alunogen
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 17H
 
2
O
7.CB.45Meta-alunogen
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 12H
 
2
O
7.CB.50Aluminocoquimbite
FeAl(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 9H
 
2
O
7.CB.55Coquimbite
Fe
 
2-x
Al
 
x
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 9H
 
2
O, x ~0.5
7.CB.55Paracoquimbite
Fe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 9H
 
2
O
7.CB.55Rhomboclase
(H
 
5
O
 
2
)Fe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
7.CB.60Kornelite
Fe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.65Quenstedtite
Fe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 10H
 
2
O
7.CB.70Lausenite
Fe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
·6H
 
2
O
7.CB.75Lishizhenite
ZnFe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 14H
 
2
O
7.CB.75Römerite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 14H
 
2
O
7.CB.80Ransomite
CuFe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Apjohnite
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Bílinite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Dietrichite
(Zn,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Halotrichite
FeAl
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Redingtonite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
·22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Wupatkiite
(Co,Mg,Ni)Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
·22H
 
2
O
7.CB.90Meridianiite
MgSO
 
4
· 11H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
25.3.1Kieserite
MgSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
25.3.2Sanderite
MgSO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
25.3.3Starkeyite
MgSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
25.3.4Pentahydrite
MgSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
25.3.5Hexahydrite
MgSO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
25.3.6Epsomite
MgSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
25.3.7Caminite
Mg
 
7
(SO
 
4
)
 
5
(OH)
 
4
· H
 
2
O
25.3.8Vanthoffite
Na
 
6
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
4
25.3.9Blödite
Na
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
25.3.10Konyaite
Na
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
25.3.11Löweite
Na
 
12
Mg
 
7
(SO
 
4
)
 
13
· 15H
 
2
O
25.3.12Uklonskovite
NaMg(SO
 
4
)F · 2H
 
2
O
25.3.13Langbeinite
K
 
2
Mg
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
25.3.14Leonite
K
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
25.3.15Picromerite
K
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
25.3.16Efremovite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Mg
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
25.3.17Boussingaultite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O

Other Names for Pickeringite

Synonyms:
Magnesia AlumMagnesium-HalotrichitePicralluminitePikroalumogenSonomaite
Other Languages:
German:Dumreicherit
Magnesia-Alaun
Pickeringit
Seelandit
Sesqui-Magnesia-alaun
Talkerde-Alaun
Italian:Picroallumogene
Russian:Пиккерингит
Simplified Chinese:镁明矾
Spanish:Pickeringita
Seelandita
Traditional Chinese:鎂明礬
Varieties:
FerropickeringiteKaspariteManganoan Pickeringite

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Pickeringite

Reference List:

- +
Hayes (1844) American Journal of Science: 46: 360.

Dana, J.D. (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th. Edition, New York: 654 (as Bosjemanite).

Roster (1876) Boll. com. geol. Ital.: 302 (as Picroallumogene).

Goldsmith, E. (1877), On sonomaite: Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Proc.: 28: 263-264.

Doelter (1882) Vulk. Gesteine und Min. der Capverde Inseln: 93 (as Dumreicherit).

Darapsky (1887) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 131 (as Sesqui-Magnesia-alaun).

Darapsky (1890) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 49 (as Aromite).

Uhlig (1912) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 723.

Zsivy (1920) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 55: 629.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 41.

Schairer and Lawson (1926) American Journal of Science: 11: 301.


Doelter, C. (1927) Handbuch der Mineral-chemie: 4 [2]: 523, 545.

Vavrinecz (1929) Magyar Chemiai Folyóirat, Budapest: 35: 1.

Hintze, Carl (1930) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [3B]: 4505, 4512.

Kokta (1930) Přiroda, Brno: 32: 381.

Rutherford (1932) American Mineralogist: 17: 401.

Tokody (1933) Földtani Közlöny, Budapest (Magyarhone Földtani Torsulat): 62: 187.

Meixner and Pillewizer (1937) Zbl. Min.: 263.

Bandy (1938) American Mineralogist: 23: 724.

Gordon (1942) Academy of Science Philadelphia, Not. Nat. no. 101

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 523-527.

European Journal of Mineralogy: 12: 1131-1138.

Internet Links for Pickeringite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Pickeringite on Google
  • Look for Pickeringite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Pickeringite on Webmineral
  • Look for Pickeringite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Pickeringite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Pickeringite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Pickeringite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
  • Pickeringite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Lapis Mineral Magazin
  • Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Mineral Classics - Worldwide Collector Quality Minerals and Gems
  • Buy from McDougall Minerals
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • Fine minerals from bisbeeborn.com
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • High-end worldwide specimens & outstanding customer service
  • Jobs:
  • Mining & Geology Jobs
  • Localities for Pickeringite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Antarctica
     
    • Western Antarctica
      • Thiel Mts.
    Vennum, W. (1986) Unusual magnesium- and iron-bearing salts from West Antarctica. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 21(5), 55-57.
    Argentina
     
    • San Juan
      • Calingasta
    Juan Carlos Lodovichi
      • La Alcaparrosa
    Notulae Naturae of The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, # 89 & #92 (1941).
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Cumberland Co.
        • Prospect (Prospect Hill)
    Keith Compton collection
      • Georgiana Co.
        • Peelwood
    Australian J. Mineralogy 13(2),89(2007)
      • Yancowinna Co.
    Birch BH Book
    • Queensland
    [MinRec 19 p469-490 - "Sielecki, R: The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field"]
        • Mount Isa district
    Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.
    • Victoria
      • Macedon Ranges Shire
        • Bullengarook
    1. Carroll 2002. 2. E.R.Segnit, H.H.Dineen. Ferrian and Manganoan Pickeringite From Victoria. -Australian Mineralogist No. 17 August?September 1978 Pg. 81-83
      • Mount Alexander Shire
        • Maldon
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
        • Guttaring
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Malta valley
          • Gößbach valley
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Salzburg
      • Salzburg
        • Untersberg massif
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
      • Schwarzach
        • Lend
          • Eschenau
    [var: Ferropickeringite] H. Meixner, W. Pillewizer: Zentralbl. f. Min. Geol. Pal., Abt. A:263-270 (1937)
      • St Johann im Pongau
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • Styria
      • Koralpe
        • Stainz
          • Marhof
    Postl, W. & Bernhard, F. (2011)
      • Leoben
    Meixner, H. (1954): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XIII.- Carinthia II, 144./64., 18-29.
      • Liesing - Palten valley
        • Kalwang
          • Langteichengraben (Lange Teichen)
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
        • Seiz
          • Wolfsgruben (Wolfgruben)
    WENINGER, H. (1968): Das Cu-Erzvorkommen der Wolfsgruben bei Seiz im Liesingtal (Steiermark), seine Tektonik und Mineralisation. Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung in den Ostalpen, 7, 88-100.
      • Mitterdorf
        • Veitsch
          • Sattlerkogel
    Taucher, J. (2012): Hydroniumjarosit, Jarosit, Rozenit und Pickeringit vom Tagbau des aufgelassenen Magnesitbergbaues am Sattlerkogel, Veitsch, Steiermark. Der Steirische Mineralog 26, 59.
      • Niedere Tauern
        • Donnersbach valley
          • Donnersbach
    peter neschen collection
        • Hohentauern
          • Sunk
    MEIXNER, H. (1980): Nr. 492. Slavikit und Pickeringit aus der Magnesitlagerstätte Hohentauern (Sunk) bei Trieben, Steiermark. In: MEIXNER, H. (1980): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XXX. - Carinthia II, 170./90., 33-63. (in German)
    Bolivia
     
    • La Paz Department
      • Loayza Province
    Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
    • Potosí Department
      • Potosí City
    [MinRec 32:465]
      • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
        • Llallagua
    [MinRec 32:474]
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
        • Caldas
          • Campo do Cercado
    Waber et al. (1992) Jour. Geochemical Explor. 45, 53-112; WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
    Bulgaria
     
    • Blagoevgrad Oblast
    Elena Shcherbakova, Larisa Nesheva (2010) Ammonium sulfates from coal mine Pirin REVIEW OF THE BULGARIAN GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, vol. 71, part 1–3, , p. 17–23
    • Kardzhali Oblast (Kurdzhali; Kărdžali; Kurdjali)
      • Momchilgrad Obshtina
    Kunov, A. & Mandova, E. (1997): Supergene minerals of the Obichnik Au-Ag deposit (Eastern Rhodopes). Spisanie na Bulgarskoto Geologichesko Druzhestvo 58, 19-24. (in Bulgarian)
    Canada
     
    • Alberta
      • Peace River
    Ralph L. Rutherford (1932) American Mineralogist, 17, #8, 401-403.
    • Nova Scotia
      • Cape Breton Co.
        • Sydney coalfield
    Erwin L. Zodrow and Keith McCandlish, "Hydrated Sulfates in the Sydney Coalfiled, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia", Canadian Mineralogist, vol. 16, pp.17-22, 1978.
    Cape Verde
     
    • Sotavento Islands
      • Fogo Island
    Universidade de Evora
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • El Loa Province
        • Calama
          • Cerritos Bayos
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 620.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
          • Chuquicamata District
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 526.
    • Tarapacá Region
      • El Tamarugal Province
        • Pampa del Tamarugal
    American Journal of Science (1844): 46: 360; Palache et al (1951), Dana's System of Mineralogy, seventh ed., vol. II: 131, 526.
    China
     
    • Guizhou Province
      • Qianxi'nan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Xingren Co.
    Acta Mineral. Sinica: 21(3):271-277, in Chinese, English abs.
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Bayan Nur League (Bayannao'er Prefecture)
        • Urad Rear Banner (Wulate Houqi)
    Zhaolong Li, Wendou Xu, Yijie Xi, and Xinming Jiang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(6), 7-14
    • Qinghai Province
      • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
        • Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.)
          • Xitieshan
    Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
        • Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.)
          • Kanggur-Xifengshan gold belt
    Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Dubá
          • Medonosy
    Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
        • Jílové (Eule)
          • Hradišťko
    Velebil, D.: Lokality axinitu v barrandienském proterozoiku vltavského údolí na jih od Prahy. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2000, roč. 8, s. 180-183.
    Lapis 2000(4), 13-30
    Zacek, V., Oplustil, S., Mayova, A. & Meyer, F. R. (1995): Die Mineralien von Kladno in Mittelböhmen, Tschechische Republik. Mineralien-Welt 6 (1), 13-30 (in German).
          • Libušin
    Uwe Kolitsch (powder X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS)
        • Skřivaň
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 622.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 622.
      • Hradec Králové Region
        • Trutnov (Trautenau)
          • Radvanice
    Jirásek, J.: Thermal Changes of the Rocks in the Dump Pile of the Kateřina Colliery in Radvanice (Eastern Bohemia). Ostrava: VSB – Technical University of Ostrava, Institute of Geological Engineering - 541, 2001. 69 p.
      • Liberec Region
    Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
      • Pardubice Region
    Prachař, I.: Současný stav výskytu nerostů ve Chvaleticích. Acta musei Reginaehradecensis, série A: vědy přírodní, 1981, roč. XVI., s. 99-102.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Vysočina Region
        • Rožná deposit
    Petr Pauliš
    Egypt
     
    • Western Desert
    Finland
     
    • Eastern Finland Region
      • Joroinen
    Vorma, A.1966. Rozenite-iron-sulphate tetrahydrate-as fissure coatings in the black schist at Mulo, Pyhäselkä in eastern Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande 222, 51-53.
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Cantal
        • Cantal Mts
          • Salers
            • Fontanges
    • Nord-Pas-de-Calais
      • Pas-de-Calais
    Naze-Nancy Masalehdani, M., Mees, F., Dubois, M., Coquinot, Y., Potdevin, J.-L., Fialin, M. & Blanc-Valleron, M.-M. (2009): Condensate minerals from a burning coal-waste heap in Avion, Northern France. Can. Mineral. 47, 573-591.
    Germany
     
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Aachen
        • Alsdorf
    Blaß, G. and Strehler, H. (1993): Mineralbildungen in einer durch Selbstentzündung brennenden Bergehalde des Aachener Steinkohlenreviers. Mineralien-Welt 4 (4), 35-42. (in German)
      • Ruhr Coal Mining area
        • Herne
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Sauerland
        • Marsberg
    Schnorrer, G. (2000): Mineralogische Notizen VII. Der Aufschluss, 51, 281-293.; Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Saxony
      • Oberlausitz
        • Kamenz
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Thuringia
      • Gera
        • Ronneburg U deposit
    T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
      • Wurzbach
        • Lehesten
    - Liebeskind, W., Lehrieder, E. (1992): Der Lehester Schieferbergbau, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 43, 139-153
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
    No reference listed
    • Macedonia Department
      • Chalkidiki Prefecture
        • Kassandra Peninsula
    Lazaridis G., Melfos V., Papadopoulou L. (2011): The first cave occurrence of orpiment (As2S3) from the sulfuric acid caves of Aghia Paraskevi (Kassandra Peninsula, N. Greece). International Journal of Speleology, 40(2), 133-139.
    Hungary
     
    • Baranya Co.
      • Mecsek Mtns
        • Pécs
    Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei.Mineral species of Hungary,2005
    Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F. (2008): Ammonium sulphates from burning coal dumps at Komló and Pécs-Vasas, Mecsek Mts., South Hungary. Mineralogia, Special Papers, Vol. 32 (2nd Central-European Mineralogical Conference 2008 (CEMC)), 154.
    • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
      • Borsodi Mtns
    Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
      • Upponyi Mtns
        • Dédestapolcsány
    ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997
      • Zemplén Mtns (Tokaj Mtns)
        • Tállya
    ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997
    • Nógrád Co.
      • Cserhát Mtns
    Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min. Spec., 1993
    Italy
     
    • Campania
      • Naples Province
        • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
    Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
      • Phlegrean Volcanic complex
        • Naples Province
          • Phlegrean Fields
            • Cape Miseno
    NHM, London Specimen ; Arcangelo scacchi;
            • Pozzuoli
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 620.
    • Liguria
      • Genova Province
        • Sestri Levante
    Carbone, C. , Marescotti, P., Cabella, R., Lucchetti, G. (2002): Sulfide alteration and related secondary minerals from the Libiola mine (Eastern Liguria, Italy). Poster at the 82° SIMP Congress , Arcavacata di Rende (CS) 18-20/09/2002. Abstract in Plinius 28 , 88-89.
    • Piedmont
      • Cuneo Province
        • Maira Valley
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Torino Province
        • Canavese District
          • Léssolo
            • Cálea
    Le miniere di Brosso (2001)-Italo Campostrini- ed. Museo Regionale Torino
        • Lanzo Valleys
          • Grande Valley
            • Chialamberto
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Anzasca Valley
          • Macugnaga
    Ciriotti, M.E., Preite, D., Blass, G., Appiani, R. (2007): Erratum. Pirrotite a Pestarena. Micro (UK report), 2/2007, 67-68.
        • Ornavasso
    C.M. Gramaccioli (1975)-Minerali alpini e Prealpini-Edizioni Atlas Bergamo
    • Sardinia
      • Cagliari Province
        • Villaputzu
    M.E. Ciriotti - 11.06.2008 - Probed
      • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
        • Fluminimaggiore
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 192 pp.
    • Stara, P. Rizzo, R., Tanca, G., Vinci A. (1994): Su Zurfuru. 1° parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1993, 215-236.
      • Medio Campidano Province
        • Furtei
    Da Pelo, S. & Frau, F (2000):, Magnesian aubertite, (Cu,Mg)Al(SO4)2Cl·14H4O, from the gold mine of Furtei in Sardinia, Italy. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 2000(6), 279-288.
        • Gonnosfanadiga
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 239 pp.
      • Nuoro Province
        • Gadoni
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
      • Sassari Province
        • Porto Torres
    "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
    • Sicily
      • Messina Province
        • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
          • Lipari
            • Vulcano Island
              • Porto Levante
    GEBHARD G., MEDENBACH O., GEBERT W. (1988): Magnesioaubertit, (Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl.14H2O ein neues Chlorsulfat von Vulcano, Liparische Inseln. - Der Aufschluss - 39, 2, 97-102. GARAVELLI A., GRASSO M.F., VURRO F. (1996): Mineral occurrence and depositional processes at Baia di Levante area (Vulcano Island, Italy). - Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta - 39, 251- 261.
    GEBHARD G., MEDENBACH O., GEBERT W. (1988): Magnesioaubertit, (Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl.14H2O ein neues Chlorsulfat von Vulcano, Liparische Inseln. - Der Aufschluss - 39, 2, 97-102. GARAVELLI A., GRASSO M.F., VURRO F. (1996): Mineral occurrence and depositional processes at Baia di Levante area (Vulcano Island, Italy). - Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta - 39, 251- 261.
    GEBHARD G., MEDENBACH O., GEBERT W. (1988): Magnesioaubertit, (Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl.14H2O ein neues Chlorsulfat von Vulcano, Liparische Inseln. - Der Aufschluss - 39, 2, 97-102. GARAVELLI A., GRASSO M.F., VURRO F. (1996): Mineral occurrence and depositional processes at Baia di Levante area (Vulcano Island, Italy). - Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta - 39, 251- 261.
    GEBHARD G., MEDENBACH O., GEBERT W. (1988): Magnesioaubertit, (Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl.14H2O ein neues Chlorsulfat von Vulcano, Liparische Inseln. - Der Aufschluss - 39, 2, 97-102. GARAVELLI A., GRASSO M.F., VURRO F. (1996): Mineral occurrence and depositional processes at Baia di Levante area (Vulcano Island, Italy). - Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta - 39, 251- 261.
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Mocheni Valley
          • Fierozzo
    Forenza, N., Detomaso G., Zammateo P., Zampedri G. (2005): Minatori, miniere, minerali del Perginese.
    • Tuscany
      • Grosseto Province
        • Massa Marittima
        • Scansano
          • Pereta
    Brizzi, G. & Meli, R. (1995): La miniera antimonifera di Pereta con un cenno a quella solfo-cinabrifera di Zolfiere in comune di Scansano (GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 19:, 217-240.
      • Livorno Province
        • Elba Island
          • Capoliveri
    J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.
          • Porto Azzurro
    G. D'Achiardi, 1910 - Pickeringite (picroallumogene) dell'Isola d'Elba - Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., P.V., 19, 23-25.
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
            • Rio Mine (Rio Marina Mine)
    F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. Perf. Firenze
    L. Rossato, M. Benvenuti, 2002 - Guida al sentiero geo-mineralogico attraverso la Miniera di Rio Marina - Regione Toscana, Firenze
    U. Panichi, 1909 - Sulla pirite dell’Elba - Riv. Min. Crist. It., 38: 12-35.
        • Livorno
    Innocenti F., Bartolozzi S., 2002. I minerali di Calafuria (Livorno). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 14-22.
      • Pisa Province
        • Pomarance
    Orlandi P., (2005). "Geositi minerari e mineralogici della provincia di Pisa" in La geologia della provincia di Pisa. Cartografia, geositi e banche dati, pp. 55-280, Provincia di Pisa, 2005
      • Siena Province
        • Chiusdino
    Mineralogical Record, 15 (1), 27-36.
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Iburi Province
    Matsubara, S. et al (2002) Sublimates of Usu Volcano, Hokkaido, Japan (2002 annual meeting of Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists)
    • Shikoku Island
      • Tokushima Prefecture
    (T. Minakawa, Univ. Ehime)
    Mexico
     
    • Durango
      • Mun. de Mapimí
        • Mapimí
    No reference listed
    Norway
     
    • Oppland
      • Ringebu
        • Fåvang
    Broch, O.A. (1931): Pickeringite from Fåvang. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 12: 117-121
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
    Siuda, R.: Wieściszowice. Otoczak, 2004, nr. 31, p. 58-65.
    Portugal
     
    • Beja District
      • Aljustrel
        • Aljustrel Mine
    Romania
     
    • Alba Co.
    Onac, B. P. et al. (2003): STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABEŞ-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, XLVIII, 1, 29-44. [http://bioge.ubbcluj.ro/studia/pdf/2003/Onac.pdf]
    • Harghita Co.
    Edited by Szakáll-Kristály(2010):Mineralogy of Székelyland,Eastern Transsylvania,Romania
    • Hunedoara Co.
      • Cerna valley
    Onac, B. P. (2009): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 38/1, 27-39
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
    [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]
    Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka, vol 2, p 140, S.A. Fedotov
    • Urals Region
      • Middle Urals
        • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
          • Kirovgrad
    Dana 7:II:502,525.
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
    Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
          • Ilmen Mts
            • Ilmen Natural Reserve
              • Miass (Miask)
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Slovakia
     
    • Košice Region
      • Gelnica Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
      • Košice Co.
        • Medzev (Metzenseifen)
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Prešov Region
      • Prešov Co.
        • Červenica
    [var: Kasparite] Duda,R. et. all.,1981: MIneralogia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca,Monografia 2, Bratislava, 98p
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    David Parfitt collection
    South Africa
     
    • Eastern Cape Province
      • Cacadu District
    Minerals of South Africa
    • Western Cape Province
      • Central Karoo District
        • Beaufort West
    Minerals of South Africa
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Huelva
        • Nerva
    Romero, A., I. Gonzalez & E. Galan (2006): The role of efflorescent sulfates in the storage of trace elements in stream waters polluted by acid mine-drainage: the case of Pena del Hierro, southwestern Spain. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 1431-1446.
    • Aragón
      • Teruel
        • Libros
    Calvo, M. (2008) Minerales de Aragón. Prames (Zaragoza) 463 pages
    • Asturias
      • Gozon
    JRGL Collection
    • Murcia
      • Cartagena
        • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
          • Llano del Beal
            • Cabezo de Ponce
    FMF Forum
    Switzerland
     
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Lago Maggiore
        • Brissago
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 215.
    • Uri
    [var: Manganoan Pickeringite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 526.
      • Reuss Valley
        • Intschi
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 303-304.
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Ayer
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Goms
        • Ernen
          • Rhône gorge
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 304.
      • Sion (Sitten)
        • Aproz
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 304.
    UK
     
    • Wales
      • Gwynedd (Merionethshire)
        • Dolgellau Gold Belt
          • Ganllwyd
    No reference listed
      • Isle of Anglesey (Gwynedd; Anglesey)
        • Amlwch
    No reference listed
    Ukraine
     
    • Crimea Oblast'
      • Crimea peninsula
        • Balaklava area
    Dobrovolskaya T.I., Polkanov Y.A. The Paleovolcano Fiolent. Giude (2004) - Simferopol, 2004, 19 p. (in Russ.) Oleg V. Zinchenko at al. (2008).The mineralogy of seasonal sulfates in the cape Fiolent - Zapiski Ukrainskogo Mineralogichnogo Tovaristva (Proceeding Ukrainian Mineralogical Society), 2008, #5, p. 75-83 (in Ukr.)
      • Simferopol area
        • Petropavlovka Village area
    A. Tischenko. Minerals of the Crimea - World of stones, 1996, #9, p. 9-18
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
    No reference listed
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 328.
        • Perilla Mts
          • Douglas District (Ash Springs District)
    Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 62.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 328.
      • Coconino Co.
    Anatoly Kasatkin analyses
        • Gray Mountain area
    Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 9.
        • San Franciscan volcanic field (San Francisco Peaks; San Francisco Mts)
    Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 4.; Hanson, S. L., A. U. Fastner, W. B. Simmons (2008) Mineralogy of the Fumerole deposits at Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument, Northern Arizona. Rocks & Mnerals 83:6 pp 534-544.
      • Pinal Co.
        • San Manuel District
          • San Manuel
            • San Manuel Mine (Apex Lead & Vanadium Mining Corp Mine; Quarelli group)
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 264; Anthony, J.W. & W.J. McLean (1976), Jurbanite, a new post-mining aluminum sulfate mineral from San Manuel, AZ, Am.Min.: 61: 1-4.
    • California
    Roberts, Rapp, & Weber, 1974. Encylopedia of Minerals
        • Bishop area
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 288.
        • White Mts
          • Laws
            • White Mountain
      • Merced Co.
        • Diablo Range
          • Stayton District (McLeod District; Panoche District)
            • Antimony Peak
    Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 264.
    Roberts, Rapp, & Weber, 1974. Encylopedia of Minerals; Frost, Raymond L. and Locke, Ashley J. and Martens, Wayde N. (2007) Thermal analysis of halotrichites. Thermochimica Acta 459(1-2):pp. 64-72.
        • Rand District
          • Randsburg area
            • Red Mountain
    Rock Currier
        • San Gabriel Mts
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 288; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 264.
    Roberts, Rapp, & Weber, 1974. Encylopedia of Minerals
      • Sonoma Co.
        • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
          • West Mayacmas District
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 526; Allen, Eugene T. & Arthur L. Day (1927), Steam wells and other thermal activity at “The Geysers,” California: Carnegie Institute Washington Publication 378: 45; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 264.
    • Colorado
      • Delta Co.
    "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 13, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
      • El Paso Co.
    "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
      • Fremont Co.
        • Canon City District
          • Canon City
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Otero Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Connecticut
      • Fairfield Co.
        • Trumbull
          • Long Hill
    Sullivan, Earle C. (1985): History and Minerals of Old Mine Park. Second Edition, Revised and Expanded. Trumbull Historical Society, Inc.
    J. Zolan Collec.
      • Litchfield Co.
        • Watertown
    Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
      • Middlesex Co.
        • East Hampton (Chatham)
          • Airline Railroad
    Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough).
          • Cobalt
    Januzzi (1976) Mineral Localities of Connecticut & Southeastern New York State
    Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
        • Portland
          • Collins Hill
            • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
    Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:351-358
    Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State (Taylor Assoc./Mineralogical Press); Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:351-358
    Anderson (1994) Kentucky Geol. Survey Ser. XI Spec. Pub 20
    • Massachusetts
      • Middlesex Co.
        • Ashland
    Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
      • Norfolk Co.
    Gleba, 1978. Mass. Mineral & Fossil Localities
      • Worcester Co.
        • Holden
    Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
    • Michigan
      • Iron Co.
        • Menominee iron range
          • Alpha
    Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Missouri
      • Barton Co.
    Dana 6: 1083.
    • Montana
      • Silver Bow Co.
    The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen; The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
    • Nevada
      • Carson City
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Churchill Co.
    NBMG Bull 83 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Churchill County, Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
        • Alum District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Pershing Co.
        • Tobin and Sonoma Range District
    R. C. Peterson et al.: Am. Min.: 90 (2005), in press
      • Storey Co.
    R&M 74:6 p380-390
      • Washoe Co.
        • Steamboat Springs District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Wedekind District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Mexico
      • Quay Co.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 526; Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Rio Arriba Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • San Miguel Co.
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd rev. ed, 1996
      • Santa Fe Co.
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
          • Golden
            • Ortiz mine
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Taos Co.
        • Picuris District
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • New York
      • Essex Co.
        • Crown Point Township
    Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State
    • North Carolina
      • Swain Co.
        • Great Smoky Mts
    Hammarstrom, Jane M. Seal II, Robert R., Meier, Allen L. and Jackson, John C. (2003) Weathering of Sulfidic Shale and Copper Mine Waste: Secondary Minerals and Metal Cycling in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, and North Carolina, USA; Environmental Geology: 45: 47.
    • Ohio
      • Cuyahoga Co.
        • Brooklyn Heights
    No reference listed
    Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
      • Erie Co.
        • Florence township
    Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
      • Franklin Co.
        • Columbus
    Van King
    Ernest H. Carlson. Jerret Whitford. "Occurrence And Mineralogy Of Efflorescence In Late Devonian Black Shales, North-Central Ohio." 2002 GSA Meeting: Web: http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2002AM/finalprogram/abstract_44706.htm
      • Huron Co.
        • Monroeville
          • West Branch Huron River
    Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
      • Lorain Co.
        • Mill Hollow-Bacon Woods Park
    Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
      • Meigs Co.
        • Langsville
    Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
      • Ross Co.
        • Paxton Township
    Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
      • Stark Co.
        • Paris
    Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
    • South Dakota
      • Pennington Co.
        • Keystone Gold District
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    • Tennessee
      • Sevier Co.
        • Great Smoky Mountains National Park
    Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:235
    • Utah
      • Salt Lake Co.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • San Juan Co.
        • White Canyon District
          • White Canyon
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
            • Uracop - Sunrise (Scenic Group; B and I)
    USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
    • Virginia
      • Buckingham Co.
        • Gold-Pyrite Belt
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
      • Carroll Co.
        • Southern Section-Blue Ridge Province
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
            • Fries
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
      • Floyd Co.
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
      • Fredericksburg (City)
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
      • Grayson Co.
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
      • Louisa Co.
        • Gold-Pyrite Belt
          • Mineral
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    矿物 and/or 产地  
    谷歌搜索  
    版权所有© Jolyon Ralph 和周兰怡 1993年至2014年 网站地图 产地,矿物及照片的数据是有獨立各別的版权。欲求更多信息,请联系本站长 网站托管和开发 Jolyon Ralph。 Mindat.org是一个致力于免费提供所有有関於矿物学上所有信息資源的网站。 Mindat資訊是依靠全球成千過萬的成员和支持者的贡献。 Mindat不設提供矿物、岩石等物品出售。 如果阁下想參与提供添加有関矿物資訊或提高本数据库质量,請点击这里进行注册。.
    Current server date and time: 2014.4.2 08:38:00
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds