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Arfvedsonite

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Johan August Arfwedson
Formula:
[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
The arfvedsonite group minerals are sodium amphiboles defined with A(Na+K+2Ca)> 0.5 apfu and 0.5 apfu < C(Al+Fe3++2Ti) < 1.5 apfu with Fe as the dominant element in the C3+ position.

Arfvedsonite is defined with

A position: Na dominant
C2+ position: Fe dominant
C3+ position: Fe dominant
W position: (OH) dominant
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Bluish-black to black.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
5 - 6
Name:
Named for Johan A. Arfvedson (Arfwedson) (1792-1841), Swedish chemist.
This page provides mineralogical data about Arfvedsonite.

Classification of Arfvedsonite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
8/F.08-100
9.DE.25

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
E : Inosilicates with 2-periodic double chains, Si4O11; Clinoamphiboles
14.25.6

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
25 : Silicates of Fe, Ca and alkalis and of Fe, Mg, Ca and alkalis
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-325.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Arfvedsonite

Year of Discovery:
1823

Occurrences of Arfvedsonite

Geological Setting:
Alkalic granites and other alkalic rocks

Physical Properties of Arfvedsonite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Bluish-black to black.
Streak:
Deep bluish gray, gray-green
Hardness (Mohs):
5 - 6
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {110}
Parting:
{010}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.3 - 3.5 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.33 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Arfvedsonite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.007Å, b = 18.077Å, c = 5.332Å
β = 104.1°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.554 : 1 : 0.295
Unit Cell Volume:
V 935.48 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Elongated prisms
Twinning:
Simple and lamellar parallel to {100}
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Arfvedsonite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.652 - 1.699 nβ = 1.660 - 1.705 nγ = 1.666 - 1.708
2V:
Measured: 30° to 70°, Calculated: 70° to 80°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.014
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v strong
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
Blue-greens, yellow-browns, gray-violets

Chemical Properties of Arfvedsonite

Formula:
[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2

The arfvedsonite group minerals are sodium amphiboles defined with A(Na+K+2Ca)> 0.5 apfu and 0.5 apfu < C(Al+Fe3++2Ti) < 1.5 apfu with Fe as the dominant element in the C3+ position.

Arfvedsonite is defined with

A position: Na dominant
C2+ position: Fe dominant
C3+ position: Fe dominant
W position: (OH) dominant
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ti,Mn,Ca,Al,K,F

Relationship of Arfvedsonite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
Fluoro-arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22F2
Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22](F,OH)2
Potassic-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite[K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]
9.DE.05Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.05Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.05Clino-holmquistite Root Name☐{Li2}{Z32+Z23+}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
9.DE.05Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.05Manganocummingtonite☐{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.05Manganogrunerite☐{Mn22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.05Permanganogrunerite☐{Mn22+}{Mn52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.05Ferro-fluoro-pedrizite{Na}{Li2}{Fe2Al2Li}(Al2Si6O22)F2
9.DE.05Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe23+Li}(Si8O22)F2
9.DE.10Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Ferri-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Joesmithite{Pb}{Ca2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Be2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10CannilloiteCa(Ca2)(Mg4Al)(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
9.DE.10Parvo-manganotremolite☐{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
9.DE.10Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
9.DE.15Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Ferro-kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe32+AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
9.DE.15Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
9.DE.15Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-ferri-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe32+Fe23+}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Fluoro-magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2
9.DE.15Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
9.DE.15Parvo-mangano-edenite{Na}{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-chloro-edenite{K}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(Cl,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-magnesio-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Chromio-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe32+Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Barroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-barroisite☐(CaNa)(Fe32+Fe23+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Fe42+(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-barroisite☐(CaNa)(Mg3Fe23+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe32+Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNaCaNaFe42+(Fe3+)[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-barroisite☐{CaNa}{Fe32+Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Magnesiotaramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3AlFe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
9.DE.20Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
9.DE.20Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
9.DE.20Potassic-richteriteK[CaNa][Mg5]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.20Fluoro-taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2
9.DE.25EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe2+,4Al)Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Mangano-ferri-eckermannite[Na][Na2][Mn42+(Fe3+)]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.25Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.25NybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.25Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Mangano-mangani-ungarettiiteNaNa2(Mn22+Mn33+)(Si8O22)O2
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-nybøiteNaNa2[(Fe32+,Mg)Fe23+](AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.25Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite◻{Li2}{Fe32+Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.25Ferri-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Fe23+](AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Fe22+Fe23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeiteNa(Na2)(Fe22+Fe23+Li)(Si8O22)(F)2
9.DE.25Sodic-ferri-clinoferroholmquistiteNa0.5{Li2}{Fe32+Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.25Magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22](F,OH)2
9.DE.25Ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Mg2Fe23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Potassic-ferri-leakeite[K][Na2][Mg2Fe23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Fluoro-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
9.DE.25Mangani-dellaventuraite{Na}{Na2}{MgMn23+LiTi4+}Si8O22O2
9.DE.25Fluoro-pedriziteNaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2
9.DE.25Potassic-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Fe22+Fe23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite[K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25PedriziteNaLi2(LiMg2Al2)(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.25Ferro-pedriziteNaLi2(Fe22+Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Fluoro-leakeiteNaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Fe32+Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2
14.25.1Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
14.25.2Ferri-winchite (of Leake 1978)
14.25.3Alumino-ferrowinchite
14.25.4Ferro-ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Fe42+(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
14.25.5Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
14.25.7Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
14.25.8ImandriteNa12Ca3Fe23+(Si6O18)2
14.25.9Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2O

Other Names for Arfvedsonite

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Arfvedsonite

Reference List:
Mineralogical Record: 29: 169-174.

Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Ottolini, L., and Foord, E.E. (1996b) Lithium-bearing fluor-arfvedsonite from Hurricane Mountain, New Hampshire: a crystal-chemical study. Canadian Mineralogist: 34: 1015-1019.

Ishida, K. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2001) Assignment of infrared OH-stretching bands in mangano-arfvedsonite and richterite through heat-treatment. American Mineralogist: 86: 965-972.

Hawthorne, Frank C., and Roberta Oberti (2006), On the classification of amphiboles: Canadian Mineralogist:
44(1): 1-21.

Frank C. Hawthorne, Roberta Oberti, George E. Harlow, Walter V. Maresch, Robert F. Martin, John C. Schumacer, Mark D. Welch (2012): Nomenclature of the amphibole supergroup, American Mineralogist, Volume 97, pages 2031–2048

Internet Links for Arfvedsonite

Specimens:
The following Arfvedsonite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Arfvedsonite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Algeria
 
  • Saida Province
Antonio Borrelli.
Antarctica
AmMin 36:361-367
Argentina
 
  • Santiago del Estero
M. B. FRANCHINI, R. LIRA, L. MEINERT, M. F. POKLEPOVIC, A. IMPICCINI, H. A. MILLONE, CONICET, CIMAR, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Av. Buenos Aires 1400 (8300) Neuquén, Argentina. franchini@infovia.com.ar ; aimpicc@uncoma.edu.ar; CONICET. Museo de Mineralogía y Geología “Dr. A. Stelzner”, F.C.E.F. y N. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Av. V. Sársfield 299, (5000) Córdoba, Argentina. rlira@com.uncor.edu; fpoklepovic@com.uncor.edu; Washington State University, Pullman, Washington; meinert@wsu.edu; Gerencia de Minería de Córdoba. Celso Barrios 1665, 5016, Córdoba. gema@arnet.com.ar.
Armenia
 
  • Loṙi Province (Lori)
Kogarko, L. N., Konova, V. A., Orlova, M. P., & Woolley, A. R. (1995). Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbai’an, Georgia). In Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World (pp. 59-64). Springer Netherlands.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Gowen Co.
      • Warrumbungle Mtn
Am Min 75:694-701
  • Queensland
    • Hinchinbrook Shire
      • Ingham District
        • Hinchinbrook Island
de Keyser, F. (1966): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 12, 315-324.
        • Oak Hills
de Keyser, F. (1966): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 12, 315-324.
    • Somerset Region
Carr, Phillips & Williams - Min.Mag. 1976 40,853-6
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Station)
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
  • Tasmania
    • Waterhouse district
Everard, J.L., Sutherland, F.L. and Zwingmann, H., 2004a. A Cretaceous phonolite dyke from the Tomahawk River, Northeast Tasmania. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 138, 11-33.
  • Western Australia
    • Derby-West Kimberley Shire
      • Noonkanbah Station
        • Walgidee Hills Lamproite
The Kimberlites and Lamproites of Western Australia, 1986.
    • Port Hedland Shire
      • Kavir Downs Station
Fetherston, J., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V.(2013): Gemstones of WA, Geological Survey of WA
Brazil
 
  • Amazonas
    • Presidente Figueiredo
Horbe, M. A., Horbe, A. C., Costi, H. T., & Teixeira, J. T. (1991). Geochemical characteristics of cryolite-tin-bearing granites from the Pitinga mine, northwestern Brazil—a review. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 40(1), 227-249.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Araxá
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
No reference listed
  • Paraná
    • Tijucas do Sul
      • Morro Redondo complex
Vilalva, F.C.J., and Vlach, S.R.F. (2010): Mineralogical Magazine 74(4), 645-658
  • Pernambuco
http://www.unb.br/ig/sigep/sitio111/sitio111english.pdf
Cameroon
 
  • North Region
Ngounouno, I., Moreau, Ch., Deruelle, B., Demaiffe, D., Montigny, R. (2001): Petrologie du complexe alcalin sous-sature de Kokoumi (Cameroun). Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France. 172 (6), 675-686.
  • South Region
    • Kribi
Cesbron et al. (1988)
  • West Region
    • Tikar plain
Njonfang, E., and Moreau, C. (2000): Mineralogical Magazine 64(3), 525-537.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
No reference listed
    • Liard Mining Division
Am. Min. 59, 820
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Williston Lake
www.em.gov.bc.ca/DL/GSBPubs/GeoFldWk/1986/283-289-mader.pdf.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
A. Kerr (2010) Rare-earth-element (REE) mineralization in Labrador: A review of known environments and the geological context of current exploration activity. Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources Current Research 2010 pp 109-143; L. W. Curtis And J. Gittins (1979) Aluminous and Titaniferous Clinopyroxenes from Regionally Metamorphosed Agpaitic Rocks in Central Labrador. J. Petrology 20:165-186.
E. H. Nickel and E. Mark (1965): Arfvedsonite and aegirine-augite from Seal Lake, Labrador. Can Mineral 8, 185-197.; Nickel, E.H., J.F. Rowland, and D.J. Charette (1964) Niobophyllite - the niobium analogue of astrophyllite; a new mineral from Seal Lake, Labrador. Can. Mineral., 8, 40-52.
\"Rare Earth Element Mines, Deposits, and Occurrences,\" G.J. Orris and R.I. Grauch, Open File Report 02-189, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, 2002.; GSC database locality No. 4100
GSC database; GSC database locality No. 4101
    • Newfoundland
      • Baie Verte Peninsula
        • King´s Point
Miller, R. R., & Abdel-Rahman, A. M. (1995) The King's Point Complex, Newfoundland, and Its Potential for Rare-metal Mineralization. Geological Survey Report 95-1 pp159-175
  • Ontario
    • Hastings Co.
      • Faraday Township
D. D. Hogarth, H. R. Steacy, E. I. Semenov, E. G. Proshchenko, M. E. Kazakova and Z. T. Kataeva (1973) New occurrence and data for spencite. The Canadian Mineralogist 12:66-71
    • Rainy River District
      • Sturgeon Lake Area and Burt Lake Area
Sage (1988) Ontario Geol. Survey, Sudy 48
    • Thunder Bay District
Currie (1980)
  • Québec
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
Wallace, G.M., Whalen, J.B. & Martin, R.F. (1990) Agpaitic and miaskitic nepheline syenites of the McGerrigle plutonic complex, Gaspé, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251-266.
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
Gold (1969)
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
  • Québec & Newfoundland and Labrador
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/can.htm; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 34, pp.349-371 (1996); BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
  • Saskatchewan
D. D. Hogarth (1957): The apatite-bearing veins of Nisikkatch Lake, Saskatchewan. Can. Mineral. 6, 140-150.
  • Yukon Territory
    • Dawson Mining District
Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
    • Watson Lake Mining District
Geol, Survey of Canada database
Channel Islands
 
  • Jersey
Ch. Wagner and D. Velde, Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 173-187.
Chile
 
  • Aisén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo Region
    • Aisén Province (Aysén Province)
Welkner, Daniela; Godoy, Estanislao; Bernhardt, Heinz-J. (2002): Peralkaline rocks in the Late Cretaceous Del Salto Pluton, Eastern Patagonian Andes, Aisen, Chile (47° 35'S). Revista Geologica de Chile 29, 3-15.
  • Magallanes y Antártica Chilena Region
    • Magallanes Province
Alan R. Woolley: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, part 1, 200 (BMNH, London, 1987)
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Fuzhou Prefecture
      • Jin'an District
        • Kuai'an
Suwa, K., Enami, M., Hiraiwa, I., and Yang, T. (1987): Mineralogy and Petrology 36, 111-120
  • Hebei Province
    • Qinhuangdao Prefecture
      • Funing Co.
Jinhui Yang, Fuyuan Wu, Wilde, S.A., Fukun Chen, Xiaoming Liu, and Liewen Xie (2008): Journal of Petrology 49(2), 315-351
    • Zhangjiakou Prefecture
      • Huai'an Co.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 174 pp.
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Beihu District
        • Qitianling complex
          • Furong Sn-polymetallic ore field
Donghong Liu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(suppl.), 99-104
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
Smith, M.P. (2006): Lithos 93(1/2), 126-148.
          • Dulahala
Yang, X.M., Yang, X.Y., Zheng, Y.F., and Le Bas, M.J. (2003): Mineralogy and Petrology 78, 93-110.
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Hexigten Banner (Keshiketeng Co.)
Jingbin Wang, Yuwang Wang, and Lijuan Wang (1998): Geological Exploration for Non-Ferrous Metals 7(3), 142-145
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Chaoyang Prefecture
      • Lingyuan Co.
Yong Liu, Fengjun Nie, and Junqin Fang (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(6), 1326-1336
    • Dandong Prefecture
      • Fengcheng Co.
        • Saima complex
Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Dechang Co.
Shihong Tian, Zengqian Hou, Zhusen Yang, Zhiming Yang, Zhongxin Yuan, Yanbin Wang, Yuling Xie, Yingchao Liu, and Zheng Li (2008): Acta Petrologica Sinica 24(3), 544-554
      • Mianning Co.
Zengqian Hou, Shihong Tian, Yuling Xie, Zhusen Yang, Zhongxin Yuan, Shuping Yin, Longsheng Yi, Hongcai Fei, Tianren Zou, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press)
Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48
Shihong Tian, Zhongxin Yuan, Guilan Zhang, Zengqian Hou, Tiping Ding, Ge Bai, Tianren Zou, and Yuling Xie (2006): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 25(2), 110-118
      • Xichang Co.
        • Taihe intrusion
Rubo Zhang, Chongliang Du, and Zaoyun Long (2003): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 24(3), 5-8
    • Panzhihua Prefecture
      • Yanbian Co.
Wenxing Hong and Pinqiu Fu (1981): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 1(1), 16-23; Fenlian Wang, Taiping Zhao, and Wei Chen (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(2), 293-308
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
      • Baicheng Co. (Bay Co.)
Jingwu Yin, Xingkun Shao, Haitao Yang, Tingxian Piao, Haiming Xu, and Jun Wang (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(2), 337-352
    • Changji Autonomous Prefecture (Sanji Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Qitai Co. (Gucheng Co.; Guqung Co.)
Bin Xu, Yanming Lu, Xuexiang Gu, and Wenzhong Zhang (2010): Earth Science Frontiers 17(4), 227-240
        • Sabei intrusion
Yuping Su, Hongfeng Tang, Sylvester, P.J., Congqiang Liu, Wenjun Qu, Guangshun Hou, and Feng Cong (2007): Geochemical Journal 41, 341-357
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuhai Co. (Burultokay Co.)
Fuwen Chen, Huaqin Li, Hong Cai, Houqun Liu, and Hailiang Chang (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(1), 91-97
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
Shiguang Wang, Baofu Han, Dawei Hong, Baoliang Xu, and Yayun Sun (1994): Scientia Geologica Sinica 29(4), 373-383
Shiguang Wang, Baofu Han, Dawei Hong, Baoliang Xu, and Yayun Sun (1994): Scientia Geologica Sinica 29(4), 373-383
Shiguang Wang, Baofu Han, Dawei Hong, Baoliang Xu, and Yayun Sun (1994): Scientia Geologica Sinica 29(4), 373-383
Shiguang Wang, Baofu Han, Dawei Hong, Baoliang Xu, and Yayun Sun (1994): Scientia Geologica Sinica 29(4), 373-383
  • Yunnan Province
    • Chuxiong Autonomous Prefecture
      • Wuding Co.
        • Luoci Cu ore field
Yongbei Zhang, Qirong Wei, Chengyan Xu, and Hao Wang (1998): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 17(1), 23-29
Yongbei Zhang, Shihua Sun, Chengyan Xu, Hao Wang, Chongsun Zhao, and Zhihua Zhu (2003): Resource Geology 53(4), 261-272.
  • Zhejiang Province
    • Wenzhou Prefecture
      • Cangnan Co.
Jiansheng Qiu, Kanisawa Satoshi, and Dezi Wang (2000): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 19(2), 97-105
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Rakovník (Rakonitz)
        • Čistá
No reference listed
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
Checked; Paul De Bondt
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
Vartiainen, H.& Woolley, A. R. 1976. The petrography, mineralogy and chemistry of the fenites of the Sokli Carbonatite massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 313, 62-80.
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Rochefort-Montagne
        • La Bourboule
Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 68, 117- 123 (1979)
French Polynesia
 
  • Tuamotu-Gambier
    • Tuamotu Archipelago (Tuamotus)
      • Mururoa Lagoon
        • Françoise
Ch. Wagner et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 523-534.
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
No reference listed
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
No reference listed
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Igaliku (Igaliko)
        • Narsaarsuk Plateau
Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p (p.290-291); Montgomery, A. (1974): An American Mineralogist Part IV. Mineralogical Record 5 (3), 115-127
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Lorenzen, J. (1882): On some minerals from the Sodalite-Syenite in Julianehaab district, south Greenland, Mineralogical Magazine and Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland, No 23, Vol. V, 49-70
Danø, M., Sørensen, H. (1959): An examination of the rare minerals from the Nepheline Syenites of south west Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Vol. 162, Nr.5, Reitzels Forlag, København
            • Lilleelv
Sørensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland. 167, Reitzels Forlag København, 251 p.
Pekov, I.V. et al. (2002): Karupmollerite-Ca, (Na,Ca,K)2Ca(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4.7H2O, a new mineral of the labuntsovite group from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, Vol. 10, 433-444
Karup-Moeller, S., Makovicky, E. (1974): Skinnerite, a new Sulfosalt from the Ilimaussaq Alkaline Intrusion, South Greenland, American Mineralogist, Vol. 59, 889-895; Karup-Møller, S., Makovicky, E. (1974): Skinnerite, a new Sulfosalt from the Ilimaussaq Alkaline Intrusion, South Greenland. American Mineralogist. 59, 889-895
          • Qeqertaussaq Island
Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
        • Kuannersuit Plateau (Kvanefjeld)
Grey, I.E., Macrae, C.M., Mumme, W.G. and Pring, A. (2010): Townendite, Na8ZrSi6O18, a new uranium-bearing lovozerite group mineral from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, Southern Greenland. American Mineralogist 95, 646-650.
- Petersen, O., Khomyakov, A., Soerensen, H. (2001): Natrophosphate from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex South Greenland, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 139-141
Petersen, O. V.; Rønsbo, J.G. & Leonardsen, E.S. (1989): Nacareniobsite-(Ce), a new mineral species from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, and its relation to mosandrite and the rinkite series. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2, 84-96; Henning Sørensen and Lotte Melchior Larsen (2001) The hyper-agpaitic stage in the evolution of the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 83–94
Peterson, O., Johnson, O. Leonardsen, E., Roensbo, J. (1984): Kvanefjeldite a new mineral species from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South West Greenland, Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 22, 465-467
Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Mineral species first described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, Special publication no. 8.
Metcalf-Johansen, J. (1977): Willemite from the Ilimaussaq alkaline Intrusion. Mineralogical Magazine. 41, 71-75
        • Taseq area
Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, vol. 22 1973
        • Tunulliarfik Fjord (Tunugdliarfik)
Boggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland, Reitzels Forlag, Kobenhavn; I. S. Oen, E. A. J. Burke and C. Kieft (1977) Westerveldite from Igdlúnguaq, Ilímaussaq Alkaline Massif, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine 41:77-83.
Danoe, M., Soerensen, H. (1959): An examination of the rare minerals from the Nepheline Syenites of south west Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Vol. 162, Nr.5, Reitzels Forlag, Koebenhavn
Boeggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland, Meddelelser om Grønland, Vol. 149/3, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
Boeggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Vol. 149/3, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
in the collection of C.&H. Schäfer
Sørensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, Southwest Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland. 167 (1), 1-251
Andersen, E.K., Danø, M., and Peteresen, O.V. (1969): A tetragonal natrolite. Contribution to the mineralogy of Ilímaussaq, No 13. Meddelelser om Grønland, 181, (10), 1-19.
Danø, M., Sørensen, H. (1959): An examination of the rare minerals from the Nepheline Syenites of south west Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland. 162, Nr.5, Reitzels Forlag, København
Robles, E., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Soerensen, H. (2001): Hiortdahlite II from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 131-137
      • Nunarssuit Island
Finch, A.A., Mansfeld, J. & Andersen, T. (2001) U-Pb radiometric age of Nunarsuit pegmatite, Greenland: constraints on the timing of Gardar magmatism. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, Vol. 48, pp. 1–7, Copenhagen.
http://www.uni-tuebingen.de/uni/emi/ag-markl/pages/marks/pages/abstracts/EUG2001.html
      • Qaqortoq (Julianehåb)
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
      • Quagdlimiut
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
  • Sermersooq
    • Arsuk Fjord
Stephenson, D. & Upton, B.J.G.(1982): Ferromagnesian silicates in a differentiated alkaline complex: Kûngnât Fjeld, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 46, 283-300
Bedford, C.M., 1989. The mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Gronnedal-Ika complex, southwest Greenland. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Durham
  • Tunu Province (East Greenland)
    • Kangerlussuaq Firth
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
      • Kangerlussuaq complex
MinRec 16:485-494
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Guinea
 
Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure: a magmatic marker of the evolution of the central and equatorial Atlantic. Canadian Mineralogist, 34: 281-299.
Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., Parodi, G. C., Perchiazzi, N., Chevrier, V., & Bersani, D. (2010). Roumaite,(Ca, Na,□) 3 (Ca, REE, Na) 4 (Nb, Ti)[Si2O7] 2 (OH) F3, from Rouma Island, Los Archipelago, Guinea: a new mineral species related to dovyrenite. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(1), 17-28.
Guyana
 
  • Barima-Waini Region
Hungary
 
  • Fejér Co.
    • Velencei Mts
      • Székesfehérvár
Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral Species of Hungary, 2006
India
 
  • Assam
    • Karbi Anglong District
S. Nag, S. K. Sengupta, R. K. Gaur and A. Absar (1999) Alkaline rocks of Samchampi-Samteran, District Karbi Anglong, Assam, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 108, 33-48.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Bard
Ch. Wagner and D. Velde, Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 173-187.
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Quincinetto
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
chiappino luigi data
  • Sicily
    • Trapani Province
Villari L. (1970): Studio petrologico di alcuni campioni dei pozzi Bagno della Acqua e Gadir (Isola di Pantelleria). Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 26, 353-376.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Shimohei-gun
          • Tanohata-mura
Mineral.Journ.Japan (1985) 12, 332-340
          • Tanohata mine
Nagase, Toshiro; Hori, Hidemichi; Kitamine, Mizuya; Nagashima, Mariko; Abduriyim, Ahmadjan; Kuribayashi, Takahiro (2012): Tanohataite, LiMn2Si3O8(OH): a new mineral from the Tanohata mine, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 107, 149-154.
  • Shikoku Island
    • Ehime Prefecture
      • Shikokuchuo City
        • Doi
Introduction to Japanese Minerals (Geological Survey of Japan, 1970)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Zhambyl Province (Jambyl Oblysy; Dzhambulskaya Oblast')
    • Berkuty
Kenya
 
  • Nyanza Province
    • Ruri complex
Sutherland, D.S. (1969): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 24, 114-135.
Libya
 
  • Al Kufrah District
Flinn et al (1992)
Flinn et al. (1992)
Madagascar
 
  • Antsiranana Province
    • Diana Region (Northern Region)
      • Ambanja District
        • Ampasindava Peninsula
Rakotovao, S. (2009): Les minéralisations associées aux intrusions alcalines d’Ampasindava.- http://madarevues.recherches.gov.mg/revues/pdfxfiles/Madageo13(1).pdf RAKOTOVAO, S.R. (2009): LES MINERALISATIONS ASSOCIEES AUX INTRUSIONS ALCALINES D’AMPASINDAVA.- Ph.D. study, University of Antananarivo, 189 pages.
Malawi
 
  • Balaka District
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Wooley (2001)
  • Zomba District
Cairncross, B., Messner, K & Farquharson, E. (1999): Die Pegmatite des Mount Malosa bei Zomba, Malawi. LAPIS 24 (4), 22-32; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009; Guastoni, A., & Pezzotta, F. (2007). REE-mineral phases replacing helvite, niobian-rutile, bastnäsite-(Ce) from alkaline pegmatites of Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi. Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Memorias, 8, 42-43.; Cairncross, B. (2002). Aegirine and Associated Minerals from Mount Malosa, Malawi. Rocks & Minerals, 77(1), 31-37.
Mongolia
 
  • Gobi Desert
Kynicky, J., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Xu, C., Krmicek & Galilova, M. (2011): Distribution aand evolution of zirconium mineralization in peralkaline granites and associated pegmatites of the Khan Bogd Complex, southern Mongolia. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 947-965.; J Kynický, C Xu, J Mašek, O Jaroš, H Káňová (2009) Arfvedsonite pegmatites of Khan Bogd massif, Mongolia: Zr mineralization. pp222-224 in Czech
Jindřich Kynický
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
P. M. Kartashov data
        • Mount Ulyn Khuren
P.M. Kartashov data
Kartashov P.M., Voloshin A.V., PakhomovskiiYa.A. On the zonal crystaline gadolinite from the alkaline granite pegmatites of Haldzan Buragtag (Mongolian Altai), - Zapiski VMO, 1993,N3,p. 65-79.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Morocco
 
  • Meknès-Tafilalet Region
    • Er Rachidia Province (Errachidia Province)
Jordi Fabre
    • Khénifra Province
      • Tamazeght Mountain Range
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Brandberg Area
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 270 (in English)
    • Swakopmund District
      • Arandis
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
  • Karas Region
    • Karasburg District
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • Ohangwena Region
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. 35.
New Zealand
 
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).; Mineralogical Magazine 1956 31 : 96-106
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
  • North Island
    • Northland
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
  • South Island
    • Canterbury
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
    • Otago
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
    • West Coast (Westland)
Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 473-482
Niger
 
  • Agadez Department
    • Aïr Region
Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
      • South Aïr
J. Fabriès and G. Rocci, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Cristallo., 1965, LXXXVIII, 319-340
Nigeria
 
  • Plateau State
    • Jos Plateau
OMADA, J.I., MARTINS, R.F. & ABAA, S.I. (2003): The Kigom peralkaline granite pluton of the Nigerian Younger Granite suite.- Global J. of Geol. Sci., Nigeria, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp 1-11.
      • Younger ring complex
Wooley (2001) p.242
North Korea
 
  • Kangwon Province
Miyashiro and Miyashiro (1956) Jour. Fac. Sci. Uni. Tokyo, 10 (1), 1-64.
    • Pyonggang-gun
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Norway
 
  • Oslo
    • Nordre Aker
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. p.95-100
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Langesundsfjorden
Bollingberg, H.J. & Ure, A.M., Sørensen, I. & Leonardsen, E.S. (1983): Geochemistry of Some Eudialyte-Eucolite Specimens and a Co-existing Catapleiite from Langesund, Norway. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen.32: 153-169
        • Vesle Arøya
Larsen, A.O., Kolitsch, U., Gault, R.A. & Giester, G. (2010): Eirikite a new mineral species of the leifite group from the Langesundsfjord district, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy. 22, 875–880
      • Stavern (Fredriksvärn)
        • Fuglevika
Kristiansen, R.(2005): Milarittgruppens mineraler i Norge. Norsk Berverksmuseum Skrifter 30:21-29
    • Sandefjord
      • Fokserød
Berge, S.A.(1980):" Mineraler i Sandefjordsområdet-V. Hotvedt i Sandefjord". NAGS-nytt 7(4),21-23 (in norwegian)
      • Haneholmveien
Larsen, K. E. & Kolitsch, U. (2012): An unique mineral suite in a syenite pegmatite at Virikkollen, Sandefjord, Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 35-44
Berge, S. A. & Hansen, R. (1975): Mineraler fra Sandefjord. NAGS-nytt nr 1, 10-12 (in norwegian)
      • Lahellefjorden
Berge, S. A. & Larsen, A. O.(1980): Mineraler fra Sandefjordsområdet-IV. Granater. NAGS-nytt 7(2),21-24. (in norwegian)
      • Østerøya
Ragnar Hansen and Svein A. Berge 1975
      • Vesterøya
Berge, S.A., Larsen, K.E. & Andersen, F. (2011): Buer, Vesterøya, Sandefjord- en typelokalitet for et nytt mineral. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 49-56
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
        • Vindal
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
Raade, G & Larsen, A. O. (1980): Polylithionite from syenite pegmatite at Vøra, Sandefjord, Oslo Region, Norway. Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway, no 65. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 60, 117-124
Portugal
 
  • Azores District
    • San Miguel Island
Cann, J.R., A second accurence of dalyite and the petrology of some ejected syenite blocks from Sao Miguel, Azores, Mineralogical Magazine, 36, 227-232, 1967
Republic of Macedonia
 
V. Bermanec et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 331-335.
  • Prilep
Radusinovi´c, D. and C. Markov (1971) Macedonite - lead titanate: a new mineral. American Mineralogist (1971): 56: 387-394.
Réunion Island
 
  • Piton des Neiges
    • Cirque de Cilaos
collection Joachim Esche
Jean-Marie Lièvre collection.
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
Pál-Molnár (2000)
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Tuva Republic
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Ayan-Maya district
        • Aldan shield
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aldan.htm.
    • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
      • Sakhalin Island
        • Morotu (Morotsu; Morutu)
Grapes, R., Yagi, K., and Okumura, K. (1979) Aenigmatite, sodic pyroxene, arfvedsonite and associated minerals in syenites from Morotu, Sakhalin. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 69, 97–103.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Khibiny Massif
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
            • Astrophyllite Stream
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58)
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Azarova, Y. V., Shlyukova, Z. V., Zolotarev Jr, A. A., & Organova, N. I. (2009). Burovaite-Ca,(Na, K) 4Ca2 (Ti, Nb) 8 [Si4O12] 4 (OH, O) 8· 12H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral species and its place in low-temperature mineral formation in pegmatites of the Khibiny pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(8), 774-783.
Yakovenchuk, V. N., Krivovichev, S. V., Ivanyuk, G. Y., Pakhomovsky, Ya. A., Selivanova, E. A.,Zhitova, E. A., Kalashnikova,G. O., Zolotarev, A. A., Mikhailova, J. A., Kadyrova, G. I. (2014): Kihlmanite-(Ce), Ce2TiO2[SiO4](HCO3)2(H2O), a new rare-earth mineral from the pegmatites of the Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 483-496.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
          • Koashva Mt
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1450–1458, 2009
          • Kukisvumchorr Mt
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
European Journal of Mineralogy: 14: 165-173; Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 131(2): 51-57.
          • N'orkpakhk Mt (Niorkpakhk; Nyorkpukhk; N'Yourpakhk)
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
        • Lovozero Massif
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
            • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
Khomyakov A P, Shumyatskaya N G, Polezhaeva L T (1992) Shomiokite-(Y), Na3Y(CO3)3·3H2O: a new mineral, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 121, issue 6 129-132 ; Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Yamnova, N. A., Zadov, A. E., & Tarassoff, P. (2007). Gjerdingenite-Na and gjerdingenite-Ca, two new mineral species of the labuntsovite group. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(3), 529-539
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
American Mineralogist: 90: 1467-1468.
Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 735-746 (2005)
          • Tyul'bnyunuai River Valley
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Altaiskii Krai
      • Gornyi Altai
        • Kharlovo
I.I Likhanov et al., Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 379-389.
Saint Helena
 
  • Ascension Island
C. Harris, G. Cressey, J. D. Bell, F. B. Atkins and S. Beswetherick (1982) An Occurrence of Rare-Earth-Rich Eudialyte from Ascension Island, South Atlantic. Mineralogical Magazine 46:421-425.
Min.Mag.(1952) 29, 850-857
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Mintaqah Al Madinah
Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
  • Mintaqah Tabuk
    • Midyan
Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
Minerals of South Africa
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
Wooley (2001) 269-270.
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
      • Gran Canaria (Grand Canary)
        • Arucas
Hernandez-Pacheco, A., (1969): The Tahitites of Gran Canaria and their haüynitization, Bulletin volcanologique, Vol. 33, 701-728
    • Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province
      • Tenerife
Ferguson, A.K. (1978): The occurence of Ramseyite, Titan-Lavenite and a fluorine-rich Eucolite in a nepheline-syenite inclusion from Tenerife, Canary Islands, Contrib Mineral Petrol 66, 15-20.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Albacete
      • Hellín
        • Cancarix
E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Sweden
 
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
      • Alnö
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
    • Timrå
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
  • Östergötland
    • Ödeshög
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
Törnebohm, A. (1906): Katapleitsyenit, en nyupptäkt varietet af nefelinsyenit i Sverige. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, C 199: 1-54
  • Uppland
    • Uppsala
      • Almunge
No reference listed
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Kjell Gatedal
Tajikistan
 
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
CanMin 42:107-119 (2004)
Uganda
 
  • Tororo District
Sutherland, D.S. (1969): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 24, 114-135.
UK
 
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
      • Alushta
Alexander I. Tischenko (1996). Minerals of the Crimea. - World of stones, 1996, #9, p.9-18.
Uruguay
 
  • Maldonado Department
A. R. Woolley, Lii͡a Nikolaevna Kogarko, Viktorii͡a Abbasovna Kononova (1987) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World , Part 2
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough
      • Ketchikan District
        • Prince of Wales Island
Dostal, Jaroslav and Karl, Susan M. and Keppie, J. Duncan and Kontak, Daniel J. and Shellnutt, J. Gregory (2013) Bokan Mountain peralkaline granitic complex, Alexander terrane (southeastern Alaska): evidence for Early Jurassic rifting prior to accretion with North America. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 50:678-691.
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
American Mineralogist, Volume 74, pages 132-140, 1989
        • Union Carbide Mine
R&M 70:3 pp 154-170
    • Hot Spring Co.
Handbook of Mineralogy
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Coastal Range
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/usa.htm.
      • Ivanpah District (Copper World District)
        • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
          • Clark Mountain Sub-District
            • Mountain Pass
USGS Bulletin 2160
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Jamestown District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Custer Co.
      • Wet Mountains Area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • El Paso Co.
      • Cheyenne District (St. Peters Dome District)
Pearl, 1958. Colorado Gem Trails & Mineral Guide; Minerals of Colorado
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Fremont Co.
      • McClure Mountain Complex
Am. Min. 51:1088-1106
    • Teller Co.
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • Hawaii
    • Maui Co.
      • Maui
        • West Maui
Danielle Velde (1978) American Mineralogist, 63, 771-778.
  • Maine
    • York Co.
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol.1., p.32
      • York
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
Gilman, R., 1978, Bedrock Gepology of the Newfield 15' Quadrangle, Maine, ME Geol Surv OF-78-10.
  • Maryland
    • Carroll Co.
      • Sykesville
Mines of the Washington D.C Area
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Gleba (1978) Minerals of Massachusetts
    • Norfolk Co.
Sayer, Susan (1974): An Integrated Study of the Blue Hills Porphyry and Related Units, Quincy and Milton, Massachusetts (MIT master's thesis)
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Opalite District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Albany
No reference listed
      • Conway
        • North Conway
Rocks and Minerals, (1990) 65:286-296
      • Moultonborough
Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
    • Coos Co.
      • Nash & Sawyer Location
No reference listed
  • New Mexico
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Taos Co.
      • Questa
American Mineralogist, Volume 78, pages 733-745, 1993
American Mineralogist, Volume 78, pages 733-745, 1993
  • North Carolina
    • Macon Co.
      • Cowee Valley
        • Ellijay District
          • Franklin
            • Corundum Hill
Genth,Frederick Augustus (1891) The Minerals Of North Carolina:USGS Bulletion No.74
    • Pitt Co.
      • Fountain
Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 1, North and South America-Wolley,A,R,-1987
    • Yancey Co.
(2001) Mineral Data Publishing Version 1.2
  • Oklahoma
    • Comanche Co.
Rocks & Min. vol. 72 (1997)
  • Rhode Island
    • Providence Co.
      • Cumberland
Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
  • South Dakota
    • Lawrence Co.
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Virginia
    • Augusta Co.
      • Parnassus
Rocks & Minerals, March-April 2003; Raiter, E. et al (2002) 29th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Abstracts of contributed papers, 15.; Rocks & Minerals 84:352-362.
      • West Augusta
Warren Cummings
  • Washington
    • King Co.
      • North Bend
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.49
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Micro Probe Volume VI Number 8; Rocks and Minerals, 66:6, p. 453; Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.49; American Mineralogist, V.58, p. 874
  • Wisconsin
Falster, A. U., W.B. Simmons, K.L. Webberand T. Buchholz, 2000 , "Pegmatites and pegmatite minerals of the Wausau Complex, Marathon County, Wisconsin", Memorie della Societa di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia di Milano, vol. XXX p. 13-28
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
        • Stettin pluton
R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
Venezuela
 
  • Amazonas
USGS Open-File Report 02-189 Rare earth element mines, deposits, and occurrences; Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 213.
Yemen
 
  • Hadramawt Governorate
Lunar and Planetary Science XXXII (2001); Zolensky, M. & A.Ivanov, Chemie der Erde 63,185-246(2003)
Zambia
 
  • Central Province
    • Mkushi District
      • Mkushi
        • Mkushi River area
S. Vrana et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 35-43.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Midlands
    • Zvishavane District
      • Zvishavane (Shabani; Shabanie; Shavani)
www.venuewest.com/8IKC/s1post.htm.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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