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Sodalite

This page kindly sponsored by Rob Woodside



Formula:
Na
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)Cl
 
2
Some K substitutes for Na in the grey white Afghan sodalites. Hackmanite was originally defined as containing S. The brilliant yellow Fluorescence arise from a disulfide ion with a negative charge replacing the Cl.
System:IsometricColour:All Colours
Hardness:5½ - 6
Member of:Sodalite Group
Name:The name reflects its sodium content.


Sodalite Group.Ideally Sodalite has Na4Cl in the two cages in the unit cell.

Unlike haüyne and nosean, sodalite is virtually CO2-free (Bellatreccia et al., 2009).

In some sodalites the aluminosilicate cages appear to contain only Na and Cl in EDS spectra.
Unlike haüyne and lazurite, Ca and K are seldom in the cages. The grey sodalites from Afghanistan contain minor K.
The white variety Hackmanite is reported to contain S, but EDS studies show if it is there, it often occurs below detection limits (~1%) (R.W.M. Woodside, unpublished data).

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Sodalite. Currently in public beta-test.

Classification of Sodalite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/J.11-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.FB.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
B : Tektosilicates with additional anions
Dana 8th edition ID:76.2.3.1

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
2 : Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Hey's CIM Ref.:17.3.3

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
3 : Silicates with chloride (including aluminosilicates)
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Type Occurrence of Sodalite

Type Locality:Ilímaussaq complex, Narsaq, Kujalleq, Greenland
Year of Discovery:1811
Geological Setting of type material:Nepheline Seyenite

Occurrences of Sodalite

Geological Setting:Sodalites occur:
- in alkaline intrusives (Princess Mine, Bancroft, Ontario, Canada);
- in alkaline pegmatites (Mont St Hilaire, Quebec, Canada);
- in carbonatites (Magnet Cove, Arkansas, USA);
- in marble skarns or metasomatized calcareous rocks (Ladjuar Medan, Sar-e-Sang, Afghanistan);
- in phonolites and volcanic ejecta (Mount Vesuvius, Italy).

Physical Properties of Sodalite

Lustre:Vitreous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Colour:All Colours
Comment:Colourless, white, light yellow, green, light to very dark blue, gray, pink to violet
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):5½ - 6
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Poor/Indistinct
Poor on {110}
Fracture:Sub-Conchoidal
Density (measured):2.73 g/cm3
Density (calculated):2.31 g/cm3

Crystallography of Sodalite

Crystal System:Isometric
Class (H-M):4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:P4 3n
Cell Parameters:a = 8.876(6) Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 699.28 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:1
Morphology:Crystals rare, dodecahedron.
Twinning:Common on {111} forming pseudohexagonal prisms. (This may not be twinning, but merely elongated growth in the (111) direction). Twinning can occur in these elongated xls. These have rentrants in the terminations and 6 terminal faces instead of 3 for an elongated dodecahedron.
Comment:Ran*e: 8.870 - 8.882 A.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Sodalite

Type:Isotropic
RI values: n = 1.483 - 1.487
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.000 - Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:Moderate
Pleochroism:Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of Sodalite

Formula:
Na
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)Cl
 
2


Some K substitutes for Na in the grey white Afghan sodalites. Hackmanite was originally defined as containing S. The brilliant yellow Fluorescence arise from a disulfide ion with a negative charge replacing the Cl.
Simplified for copy/paste:Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Essential elements:Al, Cl, Na, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Al, Cl, Na, O, Si
Common Impurities:Fe,Mn,K,Ca,H2O,S

Relationship of Sodalite to other Species

Member of:Sodalite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Berzeline (of Necker)
Haüyne
(Na,Ca)
 
4-8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,S,Cl)
 
1-2
Lazurite
Na
 
6
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,S,S
 
2
, S
 
3
,Cl,OH)
 
2
Nosean
Na
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
Tsaregorodtsevite
(N(CH
 
3
)
 
4
)(AlSi
 
5
O
 
12
)
Vladimirivanovite
Na
 
6
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,S
 
3
,S
 
2
,Cl)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
Common Associates:
SanidineNephelineMicroclineFluoriteCancrinite
CalciteBaryteAnkeriteAndraditeAlbite
Aegirine
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.FB.05Afghanite
(Na,Ca,K)
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(Cl
 
2
,SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 0.5H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Bystrite
(Na,K)
 
7
Ca(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(S
 
3
)
 
1.5
· H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Cancrinite
(Na,Ca,☐)
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(CO
 
3
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Cancrisilite
Na
 
7
(Al
 
5
Si
 
7
O
 
24
)(CO
 
3
) · 3H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Davyne
(Na,K)
 
6
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(Cl
 
2
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
9.FB.05Franzinite
(Na,K)
 
6
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 0.5H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Giuseppettite
(Na,K,Ca)
 
7-8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,Cl)
 
1-2
9.FB.05Hydroxycancrinite
Na
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Liottite
(Na,K)
 
16
Ca
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
5
Cl
 
4
9.FB.05Microsommite
Na
 
4
K
 
2
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
)Cl
 
2
9.FB.05Pitiglianoite
Na
 
6
K
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Quadridavyne
(Na,K)
 
6
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)Cl
 
4
9.FB.05Sacrofanite
(Na,K)
 
98
Ca
 
20
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)
 
14
(SO
 
4
)
 
26
Cl
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Tounkite
(Na,Ca,K)
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
Cl · H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Vishnevite
(Na,K)
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
) · 2H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Marinellite
(Na,K)
 
42
Ca
 
6
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)
 
6
(SO
 
4
)
 
8
Cl
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Farneseite
(Na,Ca,K)
 
56
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)
 
7
(SO
 
4
)
 
12
· 6H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Alloriite
(Na,Ca,K)
 
26
Ca
 
4
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
6
Cl
 
6
9.FB.05Fantappièite
[Na
 
82.5
Ca
 
33
K
 
16.5
](Si
 
99
Al
 
99
O
 
396
)(SO
 
4
)
 
33
· 4H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Kyanoxalite
Na
 
7
(Al
 
6-x
Si
 
6+x
O
 
24
)(C
 
2
O
 
4
)
 
0.5+x
· 5H
 
2
O (0 < x < 0.5)
9.FB.05Balliranoite
(Na,K)
 
6
Ca
 
2
(Si
 
6
Al
 
6
O
 
24
)Cl
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
9.FB.05Carbobystrite
Na
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(CO
 
3
) · 3.5H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Depmeierite
Na
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(PO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
 
1-x
· 3H
 
2
O (x<0.5)
9.FB.05Kircherite
Na
 
5
Ca
 
2
K(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 0.33H
 
2
O
9.FB.10Bicchulite
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
2
SiO
 
6
)(OH)
 
2
9.FB.10Danalite
Fe
2+
4
(Be
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
)S
9.FB.10Genthelvite
Zn
 
4
(Be
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
)S
9.FB.10Haüyne
(Na,Ca)
 
4-8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,S,Cl)
 
1-2
9.FB.10Helvine
Mn
2+
4
(Be
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
)S
9.FB.10Kamaishilite
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
2
SiO
 
6
)(OH)
 
2
9.FB.10Lazurite
Na
 
6
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,S,S
 
2
, S
 
3
,Cl,OH)
 
2
9.FB.10Nosean
Na
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
9.FB.10Tsaregorodtsevite
(N(CH
 
3
)
 
4
)(AlSi
 
5
O
 
12
)
9.FB.10Tugtupite
Na
 
4
(AlBeSi
 
4
O
 
12
)Cl
9.FB.15Marialite
Na
 
4
Al
 
3
Si
 
9
O
 
24
Cl
9.FB.15Meionite
Ca
 
4
Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
CO
 
3
9.FB.15Silvialite
(Ca,Na)
 
4
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
17.3.1Rustumite
Ca
 
10
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
Cl
 
2
17.3.2Zunyite
Al
 
13
Si
 
5
O
 
20
(OH,F)
 
18
Cl
17.3.4Marialite
Na
 
4
Al
 
3
Si
 
9
O
 
24
Cl
17.3.5Tugtupite
Na
 
4
(AlBeSi
 
4
O
 
12
)Cl
17.3.6Eudialyte
Na
 
15
Ca
 
6
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
Zr
 
3
[Si
 
25
O
 
73
](O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
(OH,Cl)
 
2
17.3.7Alluaivite
Na
 
19
(Ca,Mn)
 
6
(Ti,Nb)
 
3
Si
 
26
O
 
74
Cl · 2H
 
2
O
17.3.8Nasonite
Pb
 
6
Ca
 
4
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
3
Cl
 
2
17.3.9Asisite
Pb
 
7
SiO
 
9
Cl
 
2
17.3.10Jagoite
Pb
 
18
Fe
3+
4
[Si
 
4
(Si,Fe
3+
 
)
 
6
][Pb
 
4
Si
 
16
(Si,Fe)
 
4
]O
 
82
Cl
 
6
17.3.11Friedelite
(Mn,Fe)
 
8
Si
 
6
O
 
15
(OH,Cl)
 
10
17.3.12Pyrosmalite-(Fe)
(Fe,Mn)
 
8
Si
 
6
O
 
15
(OH,Cl)
 
10
17.3.13Pyrosmalite
17.3.14Pyrosmalite-(Mn)
(Mn,Fe)
 
8
Si
 
6
O
 
15
(OH,Cl)
 
10
17.3.16Mcgillite
(Mn,Fe)
 
8
Si
 
6
O
 
15
(OH)
 
8
Cl
 
2
17.3.17Traskite
Ba
 
21
Ca(Fe
2+
 
,Mn,Ti)
 
4
(Ti,Fe,Mg)
 
12
(Si
 
12
O
 
36
)(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
6
(O,OH)
 
30
Cl
 
6
·14H
 
2
O
17.3.18Muirite
Ba
 
10
Ca
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Ti[(OH,Cl,F)|HSi
 
2
O
 
7
]
 
5
17.3.19Verplanckite
Ba
 
2
(Mn,Fe,Ti)Si
 
2
O
 
6
(O,OH,Cl,F)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O or near

Other Names for Sodalite

Synonyms:
AlomiteCanadian Blue StoneCanadian LapisDitroiteGlaucolite
Other Languages:
Czech:Sodalit
Dutch:Sodaliet
French:Sodalite
Galician:Sodalita
German:Sodalith
Alomit
Ditroit
Sodalit
Hebrew:סודליט
Italian:Sodalite
Japanese:方ソーダ石
ソダライト
方曹達石
Polish:Sodalit
Portuguese:Sodalita
Russian:Содалит
Simplified Chinese:方钠石
蓝纹石
Spanish:Sodalita
Alomita
Varieties:
Germanate-sodaliteHackmaniteMolybdosodalite

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Bright red-orange under SW UV and blue, white, pink, red, yellow LW UV.
Cathodoluminescent.
Yellowish phosphorescence, may be photochromic in magentas.
Other Information:May give off odor of H2S on fracture.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Sodalite

Reference List:

- +
Thomson, T. (1811): A chemical analysis of Sodalite, a new mineral from Greenland, Journal of natural Philosophy, Chemistry and the Arts, Vol 29, 285-292

Thomson, T. (1811): Einige mineralogische Merkwürdigkeiten, 1) Drei grönländische Mineralien (Sodalith, Allanit, Chryolit), Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 39, 127

Dunin Barkowski, St. (1819): Sodalith entdeckt am Vesuv (Fosso grande) , Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 63, 382

Van Peteghem, J.K. and Burley, B.J. (1963) Studies on solid solution between sodalite, nosean, and hauyne. Canadian Mineralogist: 7: 808-813.

Annersten, H. & Hassib, A. (1979): Blue sodalite. Canadian Mineralogist, 17, 39-46.

Acta Crystallographica (1984): B40: 6-13.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie (1992): 199: 75.

Bellatreccia, F., Della Ventura, G., Piccinini, M. Cavallo, A. and Brilli, M. (2009): H2O and CO2 in minerals of the haüyne-sodalite group: an FTIR spectroscopy study. Mineralogical Magazine 73, 399-413.

Mindat.org articles about Sodalite

Article entries:
The Litchfield, Maine Nepheline Syenite PlutonDouglas Watts

Internet Links for Sodalite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Sodalite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Specimens:The following Sodalite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Sodalite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Afghanistan
     
    • Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province)
      • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
    [var: Hackmanite] [www.thamesvalleyminerals.com]
    [var: Hackmanite] Rob Lavinsky
    TVM Specimen
          • Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)
    Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002); Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:253; Weiss, S. (2009): Lapis 34 (12): 6
    RWMW Collection
    RRUFF collection
    [var: Hackmanite] RWMW Collection
    • Vardak Province (Warkak Province; Wardak Province; Wardag Province; Wardagh Province; Maydan Province)
      • Nirkh District
    Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    Antarctica
    AmMin 36:361-367
    Armenia
     
    • Syunik' Province
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Gowen Co.
        • Warrumbungle Mtn
    Am Min 75:694-701
    • Tasmania
      • Boat Harbour
    Sutherland, F.L., D.F. Hendry, B.J. Barron, W.L. Matthews and J.D. Hollis, 1996. An unusual Cenozoic Tasmanian basalt sequence near Boat Harbour, northwest Tasmania. Records of the Australian Museum, 48, 131-161.
      • Huon district
    Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12
      • Waterhouse district
    Everard, J.L., Sutherland, F.L. and Zwingmann, H., 2004a. A Cretaceous phonolite dyke from the Tomahawk River, Northeast Tasmania. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 138, 11-33.
    Austria
     
    • Burgenland
      • Oberpullendorf
        • Kobersdorf
          • Pauliberg
    U. Kolitsch, W. Postl, H.-P. Bojar and W. Trattner (2009): Die Mineralvorkommen im Basalt des Pauliberges. In: Autorenkollektiv (Red. M. A. Götzinger und P. Huber) (2009): Die Mineralien des Burgenlandes - Geologie, Mineralogie und mineralische Rohstoffe. – Wissenschaftliche Arbeiten aus dem Burgenland, Band 126, Amt der Burgenländischen Landesregierung, Abteilung 7 - Landesmuseum, Eisenstadt, 83-99.
    • Styria
      • Bad Gleichenberg
        • Wilhelmsdorf
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
      • Bad Radkersburg
        • Klöch
    "Aus der Tiefe der Vulkane", Fritz-Jandl-Postl (2011)
    Bolivia
     
    • Cochabamba Department
      • Ayopaya Province
    Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 167.
    Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
        • Independencia
    Field collected by Alfredo Petrov
    Alfredo Petrov and Jaroslav Hyrsl collections
    Schultz (2004)
      • Capinota Province
    Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 167.
    Brazil
     
    • Bahia
      • Itaju do Colônia
    Maria de Lourdes da Silva Rosa, Herbet Conceição, Moacir José Buenano Macambira, Marco Antonio Galarza ,Mônica Pringsheim Cunha, Rita Cunha Leal Menezes,Moacyr Moura Marinho, Basílio Elesbão da Cruz Filho,Débora Correia Rios (2007):Neoproterozoic anorogenic magmatism in the Southern Bahia Alkaline Province of NE Brazil: U–Pb and Pb–Pb ages of the blue sodalite syenites, Lithos vol 97 pp 88-97
      • Itarantim
    Conceicao, Herbet, Rosa, Maria de Lourdes da Silva, Moura, Candido A. V., Macambira, Moacir Jose Buenano, Galaraza, Marco Antonio, Correia Rios, Debora, Marinho, Moacyr Moura, Menezes, Rita Cunha Leal, Cunha, Monica Prisgsheim, 2009, Petrology of the Neoproterozoic Itarantim Nepheline Syenite Batholith, Sao Francisco Craton, Bahia, Brazil, Canadian Mineralogist, v 47, p. 1527-1550.
    Conceicao, Herbet, Rosa, Maria de Lourdes da Silva, Moura, Candido A. V., Macambira, Moacir Jose Buenano, Galaraza, Marco Antonio, Correia Rios, Debora, Marinho, Moacyr Moura, Menezes, Rita Cunha Leal, Cunha, Monica Prisgsheim, 2009, Petrology of the Neoproterozoic Itarantim Nepheline Syenite Batholith, Sao Francisco Craton, Bahia, Brazil, Canadian Mineralogist, v 47, p. 1527-1550.
    • Ceará
    www.agp.org.br/acervo/geociencias/Guimaraes-Ignez2.htm.; Sial, A. N. (1987). The Tertiary alkaline province of Fortaleza, State of Ceará, Brazil: oxygene isotopes and REE-geochemistry. Geoch. Brasil, 1, 41-51.
    • Minas Gerais
    Revista Brasileira de Geociências 23(4):388-399
        • Poços de Caldas
    Nomura, S.F., Atencio, D., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Cutinho, J.M.V. and Karipidis, T.K. (2010): Manganoeudialyte, a new mineral from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 139 (4), 35-47..
    Horváth, Menezes, Toft ollections - confirmed by XRD & microprobe
    • Santa Catarina
    Norberto Dani et al (2001) Nordstrandite in Bauxite Derived from Phonolite, Lages, Santa Catarina, Brazil Clays and Clay Minerals, 49:216-226; G Traversa et al (1994) Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Alkaline District of Lages, SC, Brazil. Geochem Brazil 8:179-214
    • São Paulo
    http://www.igc.usp.br/geologiausp/iga/art.php?artigo=7
    Burma (Myanmar)
     
    • Mandalay Division
      • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
    http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm
          • Kyatpyin North
    Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
          • Marble Ark
    [var: Hackmanite] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
          • Mogok Valley
            • Dattaw Hill
    [var: Hackmanite] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
    [var: Hackmanite] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
    [var: Hackmanite] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
    [var: Hackmanite] Sieghard Ellenberger data; Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
    [var: Hackmanite] Knut Eldjarn specimen
    [var: Hackmanite] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
    Cameroon
     
    • South-West Region
      • Buea
        • Cameroon Mt
    Fitton, G.J., Hughes D.J. (1981): Strontian melilite in a nephelinite lava from Etinde, Cameroon, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 44, pp. 261-264
    • South Region
      • Kribi
    Cesbron et al. (1988)
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Golden Mining Division
    June E. Rapson (1963): Sodalite crystals from the Ice River area, Yoho Park, B.C. Can. Mineral. 7, 674-675.; Edingtonite and Natrolite from Ice river, British Columbia, Grice, Gault, 1981; Mineralogical Record 12 221-226; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
    Jones, W. C. (1955) Geology of the Garnet Mountain-Aguilla Ridge Area, Ice River, British Columbia. MSc thesis, University of British Columbia.
    Thomas Mumford (2007) Dykes of the Moose Creek Valley, Ice River Alkaline Complex, southeastern BC. MSc thesis University of New Brunswick.
    Z. D. Horn and K. D. Hancock (1997) A New Sodalite Occurrence: Mount Mather Creek, British Columbia (82N/10W) Geological Fieldwork 1996. Paper 1997-I
    Z. D. Horn and K. D. Hancock (1997) A New Sodalite Occurrence: Mount Mather Creek, British Columbia (82N/10W) Geological Fieldwork 1996. Paper 1997-I
          • Zinc Mountain
    MINFILE No 082N 028
      • Liard Mining Division
        • Galore Creek
    BC Minfile 104G 091
    Pell, J.Gr (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
    Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. British Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
      • Omenica Mining Division
    Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
        • Wicheeda Lake
    Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
    • Newfoundland and Labrador
      • Labrador
    GSC locality database
    • Northwest Territories
      • Mackenzie District
        • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
    SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
    Sheard, E.R. (2010); Williams-Jones, A.E., Heiligmann, M., Sheard, E., Macwilliam, K., Pedersen, C.J., Mercer, W., and Trueman, D (2010) The Nechalacho Heavy Rare Earth And Rare Metal Deposit, Thor Lake, Northwest Territories, Canada. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 42, No. 5, p. 335; SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
    • Ontario
      • Haliburton Co.
        • Glamorgan Township
    Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39
    Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39
      • Hastings Co.
        • Dungannon Township
    [Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
    [Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]; Mineralogical Record (1990) 21:235-248; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
    [var: Hackmanite] [Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
    [Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
    [var: Hackmanite] mineralogical association of Canada website.
    [Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
    [var: Hackmanite] [Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
    [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com] ; Steacy, H.R., Rose, E. R., Moyd, L. & Hogarth, D.D. (1982): Some classic Mineral Localities of Southeastern Ontario. Mineralogical Record 13: 197-203; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
    MSC Report 39
      • Kenora District
        • Squash Lake Area
    Sage (1988) OGS Study 49
        • Squaw Lake Area
    Sage (1988) OGS study 49.
      • Peterborough Co.
        • Methuen Township
    MDI Number: MDI31C12NW00006; MDI Number: MDI31C12NW00006
    Paper 69-50, Geological Survey of Canada, (1970); Ann P.Sabina (1987), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec; Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41
      • Renfrew Co.
        • Brudenell Township
    Geological Survey of Canada Paper 70-50
      • Sudbury District
        • Bigwood Township
    RWMW collection and Dave Joyce personal communication; Dolan, M.L., Hains, D.H. and Ash, D.R. (1991) High Alumina Rocks in Ontario; Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines, Industrial Minerals Background Paper 10, 130p
        • Lackner Township
    R. P. Sage (1988) Geology of Carbonatite - Alkalic Rock Complexes in Ontario: Lackner Lake Alkalic Rock Complex District of Sudbury. Mines and Minerals Division Ontario Geological Survey Study 32
      • Thunder Bay District
    Currie (1980)
    • Québec
      • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
        • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
    Wallace et al. (1990) Can. Min. 28, 251; Wallace, G.M., Whalen, J.B. & Martin, R.F. (1990) Agpaitic and miaskitic nepheline syenites of the McGerrigle plutonic complex, Gaspé, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251-266.
      • Montérégie
        • Brome-Missisquoi RCM
    WOUSSEN,G. & VALIQUETTE, G. (1972) The geology of the Brome and Shefford igneous complexes. 24th International Geological Congress, Canada. Guide B-13: 1-15.
    DRESSER, J.A. (1902) Report on the geology and petrography of Shefford Mountain. Geological Survey of Canada, Annual Report 13, L: 1-35.
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    [var: Hackmanite] Peterson, R.C. (1983), The structure of hackmanite, a variety of sodalite, from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 21: 549-552.
        • Lajemmerais RCM
          • Varennes & St-Amable
    HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
    Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
        • Rouville RCM
    GANDHI, S.S. (1970) Petrology of the Monteregian intrusion of Mont Yamaska, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 10, 452-484.
      • Montréal
    Horváth Collection - confirmed by XRD
        • Mont Royal
    Bancroft & Howard (1923)
      • Nord-du-Québec
    Nadeau, O., Stevenson, R. and Jébrak, M. (2014) The geology, petrology and geochemistry of the Montviel alkaline-carbonatite hosted lanthanide-Nb ore deposit, Abitibi, Canada. Abstract with Program, GAC/MAC Annual meeting 2014. 1p.
    • Yukon Territory
      • Dawson Mining District
    Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
      • Watson Lake Mining District
    Geol, Survey of Canada database
    Central African Republic
     
    • Lobaye Prefecture
      • Lobaye River (Bali River)
    Hoinkes, G., and Kurat, G. (1979): Meteoritics 14, 423.
    Chile
     
    • Coquimbo Region
      • Limarí Province
        • Ovalle
    Michael O'Donoghue (2006) Gems: Their Sources, Descriptions and Identification. 6th ed. Elsevier
    British Natural History Museum online catalogue 2007
    China
     
    • Guangdong Province
      • Guangzhou Prefecture
        • Conghua Co.
    Changshi Liu, Xiaoming Chen, Rucheng Wang, Huan Hu, Wenlan Zhang, and Mingyuan Lai (2002): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 22(3), 261-269
    • Jilin Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Jilin Prefecture
        • Chuanying District
    Wankang Huang, Yingwen Xie, and Jingming Pan (1978): Geochimica 7(1), 25-34
    • Shaanxi Province
      • Hanzhong Prefecture
        • Ningqiang Co.
    Plagge, M., Ott, U., and Hoppe, P. (2006): Presented at the 37th Lunar and Planetary Science Meeting, March 13-17, 2006.
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
        • Baicheng Co. (Bay Co.)
    Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
      • Kashi Prefecture (Kashgar Prefecture; Qeshqer Prefecture)
        • Bachu Co. (Maralbexi Co.; Maralbeshi Co.)
          • Wajiertage
    Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Yunnan Province
      • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
        • Gejiu Co.
    Baiyou Chen, Yuru Yu, and Hongfei Jiang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 901-905
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Mariánské Lázně (Marienbad)
    Ulrych, J., Pivec, E., Bouše, P.: Minerální parageneze ijolitových vyloučenin v olivinickém nefelinitu Podhorního vrchu u Mariánských Lázní. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 51-56.
      • Ústí Region
        • Most
          • Želenice
    Pazdernik, P.: Compositional variations in the sodalite-bearing nephelinite phonolite from Želenický vrch Hill, North Bohemia. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1997, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 65-79.
        • Teplice (Teplitz)
    V.M.F. Hammer, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 281-288.
        • Ústí nad Labem (Aussig)
    Van King
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Haut-Zaire
    El Goresy et al. (1984) A calcium-aluminum-rich inclusion from the Essebi (CM2) chondrite: Evidence for captured spinel-hibonite spherules and for an ultra-refractory rimming sequence. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 48 (11): 2283–2298. (Nov 1984)
    • Kivu
      • Goma
    Haapala, I. L. M. A. R. I. (2011). Th. G. Sahama’s (1910–1983) volcanological and mineralogical studies in Africa: Part I. Expeditions to the Virunga Volcanic Field and petrological-mineralogical studies on the Nyiragongo volcano. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 83, 41-55.
    Mineral. Mag. (1958) 31 (2), 698-699.; Mineralogical Magazine 1957 31 : 698-699.
    Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.
    Finland
     
    • Northern Finland Region
      • Kuusamo
    Lehijärvi, Mauno 1960. the alkali districk of Iivaara, Kuusamo, Finland. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande. N:otitanite 189, p.189-62, illus.
      • Ranua
    Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
    • Southwestern Finland Region
      • Turku
    Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp. (p.290-291)
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Cantal
        • Menet
          • Brocq-en-Menet
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
    • Centre
      • Loir-et-Cher
    Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
    • Franche-Comté
      • Doubs
        • Ornans
    A. M. Davis (1985). Refractory Inclusions in the Ornans C3O Chondrite (Abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XVI, pp. 165-166.
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Ardèche
        • Privas
          • Saint-Priest
    Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 450-464.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Kaiserstuhl
        • Oberrotweil
    Fricke, G., (1988): Der Kaiserstuhl und seine Minerale, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39(2), 74-76
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Andernach
          • Eich
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
          • Kruft
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
          • Nickenich
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
        • Daun
          • Dockweiler
    Personally collected by Günter Frenz, analysed with Raman-Spectroscopy
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
          • Oberstadtfeld
    Leu, K., Der Vulkanabbau "Auf´m Kopp" bei Oberstadtfeld in der Westeifel, Lapis 2/1995
          • Üdersdorf
    Schäfer, H., Die Mineralien der Einschlüsse und Auswürflinge in den Schlacken des Emmelberges bei Üdersdorf / Eifel, Der Aufschluss 30, 273-282, 1979
    Guth, G., Interessante Neufunde für den Basaltbruch Liley (Löley) bei Üdersdorf in der Westeifel Mineralien-Welt 2/2000
        • Gerolstein
          • Rockeskyll
            • Rockeskyll volcanic complex
    Hentschel, G. (1983): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
          • Roth
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Blaß, G. & Schüller, W. (2012): Der Rother Kopf in der Vulkaneifel. Lapis, 37 (3), 20-29.
        • Hillesheim
    Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (X), Mineralien-Welt 2/1994
          • Zilsdorf
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München (2. Auflage), 1987
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Kelberg
          • Drees
    Schüller, W., Die Mineralien des Niveligsberges bei Drees in der Eifel, Der Aufschluß SB 33, 1990
        • Manderscheid
          • Bettenfeld
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Mayen
          • Ettringen
            • Bellerberg volcano
    Lapis, 15 (5), 9-36.
            • Hochstein (Hohestein; Forstberg)
    Hentschel, G.: Frei gewachsene Perowskit-Kristalle in basaltischen Laven der Eifel, Der Aufschluss, 373-377, 1973
          • Hochsimmer volcano
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
        • Mendig
          • Bell
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975; Blaß, G. & Kruijen, F. (2013): Die Mineralogischen Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 24 (3), 33-41.
        • Niederzissen
          • Wassenach
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
        • Polch
          • Ochtendung
    Lapis 1988(7+8), 70-72
    Greece
     
    • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
      • Komotini Prefecture (Rodopi; Rhodope)
        • Maronia
    Mineral. Petrol. 95 (2009) 113-124.
    Greenland
     
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
        • Igaliku (Igaliko)
    Adrian A. Finch (1990) Genthelvite and Willemite, Zinc Minerals Associated with Alkaline Magmatism from the Motzfeldt Centre, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine 54:407-412
          • Narsaarsuup Qaava
    [var: Hackmanite] [MinRec 33:165]; Koller, F. et al. (2012): Geochemistry of the Nanna Pegmatite, Narsaarsuup Quaava, South Greenland. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7, 2012, p. 71
    Boeggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland, Meddelelser om Grønland, Vol. 149/3, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
    Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.69)
            • Head of Kangerluarsuk
              • Lilleelv
    Sørensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland. 167, Reitzels Forlag København, 251 p.
                • Pegmatite Valley
    Pekov, I.V. et. al. (2004): Potassic-Arfvedsonite a K-dominant Amphibole of the Arfvedsonite-series from agpaitic pegmatites, Neues Jahrbuch Mineralogie, Monatshefte, Vol. 12, 555-574
    Pekov, I.V. et al. (2002): Karupmollerite-Ca, (Na,Ca,K)2Ca(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4.7H2O, a new mineral of the labuntsovite group from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, Vol. 10, 433-444
    Karup-Moeller, S., Makovicky, E. (1974): Skinnerite, a new Sulfosalt from the Ilimaussaq Alkaline Intrusion, South Greenland, American Mineralogist, Vol. 59, 889-895; Karup-Møller, S., Makovicky, E. (1974): Skinnerite, a new Sulfosalt from the Ilimaussaq Alkaline Intrusion, South Greenland. American Mineralogist. 59, 889-895
            • Qeqertaussaq Island
    Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
    Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
          • Kuannersuit Plateau (Kvanefjeld)
    Cole, M. (2003): Fluorescent Minerals of the Ilimaussaq Complex, Greenland, MinerShop 2003
            • Kvanefjeld Uranium deposit
    Khomyakov, A., Soerensen, H. (2001): Zoning in Steenstrupine-(Ce) from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 109-118
    Pekov,I.V. & Ekimenkova, I.A. (2001): Two new rare-earth-rich mineral associations in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 143-144 ; Henning Sørensen and Lotte Melchior Larsen (2001) The hyper-agpaitic stage in the evolution of the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 83–94
    Semenov, E.I. et al. (1967): Rare Earths in minerals of the Joaquinite group. American Mineralogist. 52, 1762-1769
    Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Mineral species first described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, Special publication no. 8.
          • Taseq area
    Semenov E I, Gerassimovsky V I, Maksimova N V, Andersen S, Petersen O V (1965) Sorensenite, new sodium-beryllium-tin-silicate from the Ilímaussaq intrusion, South Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland 181, 1-19
    Cole, M. (2003): Fluorescent Minerals of the Ilimaussaq Complex, Greenland, MinerShop 2003
          • Tunulliarfik Fjord (Tunugdliarfik)
    Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn; I. S. Oen, E. A. J. Burke and C. Kieft (1977) Westerveldite from Igdlúnguaq, Ilímaussaq Alkaline Massif, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine 41:77-83.
    Danoe, M., Soerensen, H. (1959): An examination of the rare minerals from the Nepheline Syenites of south west Greenland, Meddelelser om Grønland, Vol. 162, Nr.5, Reitzels Forlag, København
            • Nunasarnaq
    in the collection of C.&H. Schäfer
    Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
    Andersen, E.K., Danø, M., and Peteresen, O.V. (1969): A tetragonal natrolite. Contribution to the mineralogy of Ilímaussaq, No 13. Meddelelser om Grønland, 181, (10), 1-19.
    Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.256)
    Robles, E., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Soerensen, H. (2001): Hiortdahlite II from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 131-137
        • Narsarsuaq (Narssarssuaq)
          • Qôroq Firth
    Coulson, I. M. (2003). Evolution of the North Qôroq centre nepheline syenites, South Greenland: alkali-mafic silicates and the role of metasomatism. Mineralogical Magazine, 67(5), 873-892.; Coulson, I. M. (1997). Post-magmatic alteration in eudialyte from the North Qoroq centre, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(1), 99-109.
        • Quagdlimiut
    http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
    • Sermersooq
    Pearce, N. J. G., Leng, M. J., Emeleus, C. H., & Bedford, C. M. (1997). The origins of carbonatites and related rocks from the Gronnedal-Ika nepheline syenite complex, South Greenland; CO-Sr isotope evidence. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(4), 515-529.; Bedford, C.M., 1989. The mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Gronnedal-Ika complex, southwest Greenland. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Durham
    • Tunu Province (East Greenland)
      • Blosseville Coast
    http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
      • Kangerlussuaq Firth
        • Kangerlussuaq complex
    MinRec 16:485-494
      • Tasiilaq (Angmagssalik; Ammassalik)
    http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
    http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
    Guinea
     
    Biagioni, C. (2007). I disilicati di Zr-Ti-Nb-REE delle sieniti a nefelina delle Iles de Los (Guinea). Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.; Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
    [var: Hackmanite]
    India
     
    • Gujarat
    Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts (2011) Mineralogical Magazine p1960
    • Tamil Nadu
    Prinz, M., Weisberg, M. K., Nehru, C. E., MacPherson, G. J., Clayton, R. N. & Mayeda, T. K. (1989) Petrologic and Stable Isotope Study of the Kakangari (K-Group) Chondrite: Chondrules, Matrix, CAI's, Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XX, page 870. (March 1989)
    • Uttar Pradesh
      • Azamgarh District
    Bridges, J. C., Alexander, C. M. O'D, Hutchison, R., Franchi, I. A. & Pillinger, C. T. (1997) Sodium-, chlorine-rich mesostases in chondrules in Chainpur (LL3) and Parnalle (LL3) chondrules: Meteoritics 32 (4): 555-566. (July 1997); Bridges, J. C. & Hutchison, R. (1995) Silica over- and undersaturated assemblages in chondrule mesostases (abstract): Meteoritics 30(5): 491-492. (Sept 1995)
    Italy
     
    • Campania
      • Caserta Province
        • Roccamonfina Volcanic Complex
    Giannetti, B. (): Cumulate inclusions from K-rich magmas, Roccamonfina volcano, Italy. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 57, 313-335
    -Della Ventura, G., Williams, T.C., Raudsepp, M., Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E., Giordano, G. (2001): Perrierite-(Ce) and zirconolite from a syenitic ejectum ofthe Roccamonfina volcano (Latium, Italy): implications for the mobility of Zr, Ti and Ree in volcanic environments, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 2001, 385-402.
      • Naples Province
        • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
          • Monte Somma
            • Ercolano
              • San Vito
    Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    Dunin Barkowski, St. (1819): Sodalith entdeckt am Vesuv (Fosso grande) , Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 63, 382
            • Pollena - Trocchia area
            • Sant'Anastasia
    Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    Scacchi, A., 1872: Durch Sublimation entstandene Mineralien, Zeitschrift der deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft, Vol. 24, 493-506
            • Terzigno
    Simone Citon Collection
            • Torre del Greco
    - Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    Mariano Carati - Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana - Calderini, Bologna, 1982
      • Phlegrean Volcanic complex
        • Naples province
          • Ischia Island
            • Lacco Ameno
    Pichler, H., (1970): Italienische Vulkan-Gebiete II, Phlegräische Felder, Ischia,.... , Bornträger Berlin Stuttgart
          • Phlegrean Fields
            • Pozzuoli
    vom Rath, G. (1866): Mineralogisch-geognostische Fragmente aus Italien. Zeitschrift der deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft, 18, 614ff
    Pichler, H., (1970): Italienische Vulkangebiete II, Bornträger Berlin Stuttgart
    • Emilia-Romagna
      • Ferrara Province
    Alexander N. Krot, Edward R. D. Scott & Michael Z. Zolensky (1995). Mineralogical and chemical modification of components in CV3 Chondrites: Nebular or asteroidal processing? Meteoritics 30, #6, 748-775
    • Latium
      • Rome Province
        • Alban Hills
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
    Mariani P., Scaini G.: "I minerali d'Italia" - Rizzoli, 1978 –
        • Bracciano Lake
          • Castel Giuliano
    Dario Di Domenico collection
        • Sacrofano Caldera
          • Campagnano di Roma
    Stoppani, F.S. & Curti, E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
          • Magliano Romano
    Stoppani, F.S. & Curti, E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
          • Sacrofano
      • Viterbo Province
    Carloni, L., Signoretti, E., (2002): Le sanadiniti di Bassano Romano. Distretto Vulcanico Sabatino. Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2: 28-36
        • Làtera volcano
          • Farnese
    American Mineralogist, Volume 92, pages 713-721, 2007
          • Gradoli
    - Signoretti, E. & Bosco, P. (2001): Le cave di Gradoli e Onano. Il Cercapietre, 1/2-2001, 10-25
          • Onano
    Cresta, S., Duronio, F., Mancinella, D. (2002): Geositi e sistema delle arre protette del Lazio: idee per la geoconservazione. Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2002, 48-55
        • Vico Lake
          • Vetralla
    http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista04/testo/04A04.html; Cámara,F., Williams,C.T., Della Ventura,G., Oberto,R. & Caprilli,E. (2004): Non-metamict betafite from Le Carcarelle (Vico volcanic complex, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure, Mineralogical Magazine, 68, 939-950
    No reference listed
    Carlini, R., Signoretti, E., 2003. Località minori del vulcano Vicano: Villa S.Giovanni in Tuscia e Mazzocchio. Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2: 33-41
    • Puglia
      • Foggia Province
        • Gargano Promontory
          • Lesina
    Morici M. (1989) - I minerali di Punta delle Pietre nere - Riv. Miner. Ital., Milano, Fasc. 2, pp.115-117
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Aktobe Province (Aqtöbe Oblysy; Aktubinskaya Oblast')
    • Almaty Province (Almaty Oblysy; Almati Oblast')
    • Pavlodar Province (Pavlodar Oblysy; Pavlodarskaya Oblast')
    Komatsu, M., Krot, A. N., Petaev, M. I., Ulyanov, A. A., Keil, K., & Miyamoto, M. (2001). Mineralogy and petrography of amoeboid olivine aggregates from the reduced CV3 chondrites Efremovka, Leoville and Vigarano: Products of nebular condensation, accretion and annealing. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(5), 629-641.
    • Zhambyl Province (Jambyl Oblysy; Dzhambulskaya Oblast')
      • Berkuty
    Kenya
     
    • Rift Valley Province
    J. Petrology (1969) 10 (3): 409-439.
    Kyrgyzstan
     
    Libya
     
    • Al Kufrah District
    Flinn et al (1992)
    Flinn et al. (1992)
    • Wadi Al Shatii' District (Ash Shati District)
    Oun, K. M. (1991): On the poikilitic nature of Jabal Al Hasawinah eudialyte. Mineralogical Magazine 55, 543-547.
    Malawi
     
    • Balaka District
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
    • Chitipa District
      • Songwe Complex
    Eby, G. N., Woolley, A. R., Din, V., & Platt, G. (1998). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of nepheline syenites: Kasungu–Chipala, Ilomba, and Ulindi nepheline syenite intrusions, North Nyasa alkaline province, Malawi. Journal of Petrology, 39(8), 1405-1424.
    Eby, G. N., Woolley, A. R., Din, V., & Platt, G. (1998). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of nepheline syenites: Kasungu–Chipala, Ilomba, and Ulindi nepheline syenite intrusions, North Nyasa alkaline province, Malawi. Journal of Petrology, 39(8), 1405-1424.
    Mali
     
    • Kidal Region
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Pueblito de Allende
    Ma, C., Beckett, J.R., and Rossman, G.R. (2009) Allendeite and Hexamolybdenum: Two New Ultra-Refractory Minerals in Allende and Two Missing Links, 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 2009. www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2002/pdf/5053.pdf.; Stuart A. Sweeney Smith (2010) Characterization of two atypical refractory inclusions from separate CV3 chondritic meteorites: Petrogenesis in the early Solar System . Senior Comprehensive Exercise Carleton College, Northfield, Minnesota.
    Mongolia
     
    • Dornogovi Aimag
      • Hövsgöl
    Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
    Morocco
     
    • Meknès-Tafilalet Region
      • Khénifra Province
        • Tamazeght Mountain Range
    Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
    Fintor, K., Park, C., Nagy, S., Pál-Molnár, E. & Krot, A. N (2014) Hydrothermal origin of hexagonal CaAl2Si2O8 (dmisteinbergite) in a type A CAI from the Northwest Africa 2086 CV3 Chondrite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49 (5): 812-823 (May 2014)
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
      • Brandberg Area
        • Messum Igneous Complex
    Wooley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London. 210-211.
    • Khomas Region
      • Windhoek District
        • Aris
    von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987): A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Comm. Geol. Surv. S.W.Africa (Namibia) 3, 61. ; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
    • Kunene Region
    Drüppel, K., Wagner, T., Boyce, A.J. (2006) Evolution of sulfide mineralization in ferrocarbonatite, Swartbooissdrif, NW Namibia: constraints from mineral chemistry and sulfur isotopes. Can. Mineral., 44, 877-894.
    von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.; Drüppel, K., Hoefs, J., & Okrusch, M. (2005). Fenitizing processes induced by ferrocarbonatite magmatism at Swartbooisdrif, NW Namibia. Journal of Petrology, 46(2), 377-406.
        • Orotumba
    von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
    New Zealand
     
    • North Island
      • Taranaki
    Kimura, M. & Ikeda, Y. (1998). Hydrous and anhydrous alterations of chondrules in Kaba and Mokoia CV chondrites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (5): 955–1198. (Sept 1998).
    • South Island
      • West Coast (Westland)
        • South Westland
    A. F Cooper (1971) Carbonatites and Fenitization Associated with a Lamprophyric Dike-Swarm Intrusive into Schists of the New Zealand Geosyncline. GSA Bulletin 82:1327-1340
    North Korea
     
    • Kangwon Province
    INOUE Tami (1950) Amphiboles and Biotites from the Fukushinzan Alkaline Complex, Korea. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 56(653), 71-77, 1950-06-25
      • Pyonggang-gun
        • So-myon
    Norway
     
    • Buskerud
      • Kongsberg
        • Lake Mykle area
          • Dammen
    Andersen, T. & Sørensen, H. (1993): Crystallization and metasomatism of nepheline syenite xenolites in quartz-bearing intrusive rocks in the permian Oslo rift, SE Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 73, 250-266
    • Finnmark
      • Alta
    Barth, T. (1927): Die Pegmatitgänge der kaledonischen intrusivgesteine in Seiland-gebiete. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi Skrifter. 1. Mat.-Naturv. Klasse 1927. No.8. 123p.
    Augsten, R. & Weiss, S. (2011). Mineralientouren nach Skandinavien (IV)."Seiland-Diamanten". Abentauer 423 km nördlich des Polarkreises. Lapis 36 (11), 20-25
      • Hasvik
        • Sørøya
    Michalsen, A. (2000): Forekomster av mineraler og naturstein på Sørøya. STEIN 27 (2), 4-11
    Michalsen, A. (2010): Minerallokaliteter på Sørøya, Vest-Finnmark- den grønne øya i nord. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 41-52
    Michalsen, A. (2010): Minerallokaliteter på Sørøya, Vest-Finnmark- den grønne øya i nord. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 41-52
    Michalsen, A. (2010): Minerallokaliteter på Sørøya, Vest-Finnmark- den grønne øya i nord. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 41-52
    Sturt, B.A., Miller, J.A. & Fitch, F.J. (1967): The age of alkaline rocks from West Finnmark, Northern Norway, and their bearing on the dating of the Caledonian orogeny. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 47, 255-273.
    • Telemark
      • Porsgrunn
        • Langangen
          • Rønningen (Skredderrønningen)
    Burvald, Ingulv (1993): To forekomster av nefelin-syenitt-pegmatitt i Telemark. STEIN 20 (3), 176-179
        • Langesundsfjorden
          • Risøya
    Svein A.Berge observation 1992
          • Siktesøya
    Larsen, A.O. & Raade, G. (1991): Gaidonnayite from the nepheline syenite pegmatite on Siktesøya in the southern part of the Oslo Region, norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 71: 303-306
        • Mørje
          • Sagåsen
    [var: Hackmanite] Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
    [var: Hackmanite] Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
      • Skien
    Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
    • Troms
      • Ringvassøy
    Bøe, P. (2000): En gang av alkaline bergarter i Mikkelvik, Ringvassøy i Troms. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 17, 71-79
    • Vestfold
      • Larvik
        • Brunlanes
    Svein A. Berge & Ragnar Hansen observation in 1974
    Dahlgren, S. & Larsen, A.O. (2012): Minerals of the banalsite-stronalsite series in amygdules from the Brunlanes ultramafic series. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 49, 93-100
    Field collected and identified by Knut Eldjarn
        • Hedrum
          • Farris
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
          • Lågendalen
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
    Svein A.Berge collection (collected in 1988)
    Andersen, F. (1993): Hedrum pukkverk i Lågendalen. STEIN 20 (4), 236-238
    Knut Edvard Larsen collection
        • Langesundsfjorden
          • Barkevik area
    Scheerer, T. (1864): Über den Astrophyllit und sein Verhältnis zu Augit und Glimmer im Zirkonsyenit, nebst Bemerkungen über die plutonische Entstehung, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 198 (2/122), 107-138
    Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral.16. 663 pp
    Weibye, P.C. (1849): Die Mineralien der Lagerstätten bei Brevig, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologie und Petrefaktenkunde, Schweitzerbart 1849
          • Vesle Arøya
    Brøgger, W. C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral. 16, 663 pp (p.461)
    Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1), 15-71
        • Malerød
    Collected by Peter Andresen, 2010.; Peter Andresen collection
    Andresen, P. (2011): Mineralene fra Midtfjellet larvikittbrudd, Malerød, Larvik. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 41-47
        • Tvedalen
    Nordrum, F. S. (2004): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2003-2004. STEIN 31 (2), 36-44
    Svein A. Berge observation 1990
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
    Knut Edvard Larsen collection
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
    [var: Hackmanite] Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
    Andresen, P. (2013): Gedigent bly og andre spennende mineraler fra en unik pegmatitt i Tvedalen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 83-87
    Paraguay
     
    • Alto Paraguay Department
    Fernandez, V. V. (1996). Província Alcalina Alto Paraguai: Características Petrograficas, Geoquímicas E Geocronologicas (Doctoral dissertation, Universidade de São Paulo).
    Peru
     
    • Puno Department
      • Carabaya Province
    Laubacher, G. (1978) estudio geologico de la region norte del Lago Titicaca. Boletin Instituto de Geologia y Mineria, 5, series D, 1-122
    Portugal
     
    • Azores District
    Luigi Chiappino collection
      • San Miguel Island
    Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888
    • Faro District
      • Monchique
        • Monchique
          • Nave
    PIMENTEL, R. et al, (2006) - Natrolite et Analcime du massif alcalin de Monchique, Faro, Portugal. Le Règne Mineral nº 72, pp.39-45. Editions du Piat
    Romania
     
    • Harghita Co.
    vom Rath, G. (1876): The syenite mountains of Ditro. Jahrb. f. Min., 772-773.
    Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F. (Eds.) (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Sfantu Gheorghe, etc.
    http://www.geol.vt.edu/research/gsrs/gsrs2005/Abstracts/afall%201115AM%20F.doc
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
        • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
    Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Lake Baikal area
            • Slyudyanka (Sludyanka)
              • Malaya Bystraya River Valley
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
    [World of Stones 12:49]
        • Daldyn-Alakit kimberlite field
          • Daldyn
    Sharygin I.S., Golovin A.V. (2001) Origin of djerfisherite in mantle xenoliths and its relation to kimberlite magmatism. Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Chukotskii Autonomous Okrug
    Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
    • Northern Caucasus Region
      • Chechen Republic (Chechnya)
        • Mekensk
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Khibiny Massif
    [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
              • 3rd left tributary of Vuonnemijok river (Astrophillytovyi stream)
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
              • Astrophyllite Stream
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58)
    Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
            • Koashva Mt
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    [AmMin 85:1844]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; 33 IGC excursion No 47, July 22 – August 2, 2008 Stop 2-2; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1450–1458, 2009
            • Kukisvumchorr Mt
              • East slope
    Excalibur Minerals
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    I. V. Pekov, N. V. Chukanov, V. T. Dubinchuk & A. E. Zadov (2006): Middendorfite, K3Na2Mn5Si12(O,OH)36• 2H2O, a new mineral from Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula. Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society, 135(3), 42–52.
    American Mineralogist, Volume 92, pages 1525-1530, 2007
              • Marchenko Peak
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    [var: Hackmanite] Shlyukova Z.V. (1986) Mineralogy of contact formations of Khibina massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 96 (in Rus.)
    ZVMO 135(1),38-48(2006); Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    [Mandarino, 1997]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Shlyukova Z.V. (1986) Mineralogy of contact formations of Khibina massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 96 (in Russ.)
    Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
    Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
    Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
    Lapis 29(2), 41 (2004)
              • Hackman Valley
    Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2003): 10: 461-480.
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
          • Lovozero Massif
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
    [var: Hackmanite] Pavel M. Kartashov data
    [var: Hackmanite] Pavel M. Kartashov data
    [var: Hackmanite] Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Pekov I V, Chukanov N V, Turchkova A G, Grishin V G (2001) Ferronordorite-(La), Na3Sr(La,Ce)FeSi6O17, a new mineral of the nordite group from Lovozero Massif, Kola Peninsula, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 130, issue 2, 53-58
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    [var: Hackmanite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    [var: Hackmanite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    I.V. Pekov et al.: Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 132(6):1-14 (2003)
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
            • Suoluaiv Mt
    [MinRec 32:416]
    Mikhail Uchitel' data
    [var: Hackmanite] Leon H. Borgstrom (1903) Journal of the Chemical Society - Abstracts 84:302
          • Turii Cape
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    South Africa
     
    • North West Province
      • Bojanala Platinum District
        • Western Bushveld Complex
    The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.
    South Korea
     
    • Gyeongsangbuk-do (Kyongsang-bukto; Gyeongsangbugdo)
      • Ulleung-gun
    Atsuo Harumoto (1970) Volcanic Rocks and Associated Rocks of Utsuryoto Island, (Japan Sea). (39pp + geological map)
    Spain
     
    • Canary Islands
      • Las Palmas Province
        • Lanzarote
          • Yaiza
            • Playa Blanca
    No reference listed
      • Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province
        • Tenerife
    Ferguson, A.K. (1978): The occurence of Ramseyite, Titan-Lavenite and a fluorine-rich Eucolite in a nepheline-syenite inclusion from Tenerife, Canary Islands, Contrib Mineral Petrol 66, 15-20.
    Sweden
     
    • Dalarna
      • Älvdalen
    • Härjedalen
    • Småland
      • Jönköping
        • Gränna
    Adamson, O. J. (1944): The Petrology of the Norra Kärr District. An occurrence of alkaline Rocks in Southern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 66: 112-255 ;Thulin, H. (1996): Norra Kärr. Litiofilen 13: 17-51
    • Uppland
      • Uppsala
        • Almunge
    Quensel, P. (1912): Undersökningar öfver alkalisyeniten och nefelinsyenit-bergarterna i Almunge socken i Upland. GFF 34 (7), 695-700
    Switzerland
     
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Centovalli
    Lapis Volume 32, Nr. 6, October 2007
    Tajikistan
     
    • Region of Republican Subordination
      • Tien Shan Mtn
        • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
    I. Pekov data pers. comm. L. Horváth 2008
    Tanzania
     
    • Arusha Region
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/other.htm; Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
      • Ngorongoro Conservation Area
    Journal of Conference Abstracts , Volume 2 Number 1 , vsg - Minsoc '97, http://www.the-conference.com/JConfAbs/2/26.html
    Zaitseva, E.O. (2012): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Sadiman volcano, Crater Highlands, northern Tanzania. Eifel-Symposium 2012, "Variability and complexity of minerals and their synthetic analogues of the Vulkaneifel and related provinces”, Christian Albrechts University, Kiel, 23.04. - 30.04.2012. ; Zaitsev A.N., Wenzel T., Markl G., Spratt J., Petrov S.V., Williams, C.T. (2010) Mineralogy and geochemistry of nephelinites and phonolites from the Sadiman volcano, northern Tanzania. Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
    UK
     
    • Scotland
      • Lothian (East Lothian)
        • Haddington
    Mineralogical Magazine 1962 33 : 158-161
    Ukraine
     
    • Donets'k Oblast' (Donetsk Oblast')
      • Azov Sea Region
    Magdalena Dumańska-Słowik, Bartosz Budzyń, Wiesław Heflik and Magdalena Sikorska (2012)Stability relationships of REE-bearing phosphates in an alkali-rich system (nepheline syenite from the Mariupol Massif, SE Ukraine). Acta Geologica Polonica, 62:247–265
    Dmitry Tonkacheev
    P.M. Kartashov data
    USA
     
    • Arkansas
      • Garland Co.
      • Hot Spring Co.
    [var: Hackmanite] AmMin 26:437
    Rocks & Min.:63:109.
    Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
      • Pulaski Co.
        • Little Rock
    Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
    Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
      • Saline Co.
        • Bauxite
    Rocks & Min.:63:122; Stroud, et al(1969).
    • California
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Coastal Range
    Czamanske, G.K., B.F. Leonard & J.R. Clark (1980), Erdite, a new hydrated sodium iron sulfide mineral: American Mineralogist: 65: 506-515; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 367; American Mineralogist: (1983) 68: 245-254; www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/usa.htm.
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • San Gabriel Mts
          • San Antonio Canyon
            • Cascade Canyon
    Merriam, R. and Laudermilk, J. D. 1936. Two Diopsides from Southern California. The American Mineralogist. 21(11):715-718.
    • Colorado
      • Boulder Co.
        • Wallstreet
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Clear Creek Co.
        • Upper Union District (Empire District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Fremont Co.
        • Gem Park complex
    USGS Prof Paper 649
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Teller Co.
    Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
    • Connecticut
      • Middlesex Co.
        • Haddam
          • Higganum
    Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
    • Hawaii
      • Honolulu Co.
        • Oahu Island
          • Honolulu
    Wilkinson & Stolz (1983) Contr. Min. Petr., 83, 363-374.
    • Kansas
      • Decatur Co.
    Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
    • Maine
      • Kennebec Co.
        • Litchfield
    No reference listed
        • West Gardiner
    No reference listed
      • York Co.
        • Newfield
          • Straw Hill
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, volume 1 and 2, with updates by Van King.
        • Parsonsfield
    Gilman, R., 1978, Bedrock Gepology of the Newfield 15' Quadrangle, Maine, ME Geol Surv OF-78-10.
        • Shapleigh
    No reference listed
    • Massachusetts
      • Essex Co.
    Sears, JH, 1905, Geology of Essex County, Mass.
    Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
        • Newbury
    Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
    Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.197-198.
    Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
    Clapp, C. H., 1921. Geology of the Igneous Rocks of Essex County, Massachusetts;USGS Bulleting 704
    • Montana
      • Chouteau Co.
        • Highwood Mts
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
      • Hill Co.
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens
      • Meagher Co.
    American Mineralogist 50:291-292
    • New Hampshire
      • Carroll Co.
        • Moultonborough
    Meyers & Stewart (1956). The Geology of NH: Part III Minerals and Mines. p.43
    P Cristofono collection
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Hardyston Township
          • Rudeville
    Rocks & Min.: 21:416, 576-577.
        • Wantage Township
          • Libertyville
    [var: Hackmanite] Rutgers Univ. Bull. #5, Pt 1:53-54.
    • New Mexico
      • Colfax Co.
        • Springer
          • Point of Rocks Mesa (Pecks Mesa)
    Rocks & Min.: 60:229.
      • Otero Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    USGS Prof. Paper 318 (1959); USGS Open-File Report 02-189
      • Santa Fe Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • South Dakota
      • Lawrence Co.
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
        • Spearfish
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
        • Spearfish Canyon
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    • Texas
      • McLennan Co.
    Yoneda, S., Simon, S. B. & Grossman, L. (1995). Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXVI, Abstracts. page 1541. (March 1995)
    • Utah
      • Grand Co.
        • La Sal Mts
          • North Mountain
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/usa.htm.
      • San Juan Co.
        • La Sal Mts
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Vermont
      • Rutland Co.
        • Shrewsbury
    Woolley (1987), Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World.
            • Copperas Hill
    Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996); Eggleston, J. W., 1918, Eruptive rocks at Cuttingsville, Vermont: Am. Jour. Sci., v. 45 (4th series), p. 377-410.
    Grant, 1968. Mineral Collecting in Vermont; Eggleston, J. W., 1918, Eruptive rocks at Cuttingsville, Vermont: Am. Jour. Sci., v. 45 (4th series), p. 377-410.
    • Wisconsin
      • Marathon Co.
    Wolley,A.R. (1987) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World
    Venezuela
     
    • Amazonas
    Greta J. Orris and Richard I. Grauch (2002) Rare Earth Element Mines, Deposits, and Occurrences. USGS Open File Report 02-189; Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 213.
    Zimbabwe
     
    • Mashonaland West
    Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa
    Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa
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