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Sylvite

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Formula:
KCl
System:IsometricColour:Colourless, grey, white, ...
Lustre:VitreousHardness:1½ - 2
Name:
From Latin "sal digestibus Sylvii", salts of Sylvius, named after François Sylvius de le Boe (1614-1672), a physician and chemist of Leyden, Netherlands.

Classification of Sylvite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:3/A.02-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:3.AA.20

3 : HALIDES
A : Simple halides, without H2O
A : M:X = 1:1, 2:3, 3:5, etc.
Dana 8th edition ID:9.1.1.2

9 : NORMAL HALIDES
1 : AX
Hey's CIM Ref.:8.1.6

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
1 : Halides of the alkali metals and ammonium
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Type Occurrence of Sylvite

Type Locality:Mt Vesuvius, Somma-Vesuvius Complex, Naples Province, Campania, Italy
Year of Discovery:1832
Geological Setting of type material:Evaporite deposit

Occurrences of Sylvite

Geological Setting:Evaporites in sedimentary basins, sublimate in volcanic fumaroles, burning coal.

Physical Properties of Sylvite

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Colour:Colourless, grey, white, yellowish to reddish, seldom blue or violet
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):1½ - 2
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Perfect
On {001}
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):1.993(5) g/cm3
Density (calculated):1.987 g/cm3

Crystallography of Sylvite

Crystal System:Isometric
Class (H-M):m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:Fm3m {F4/m 3 2/m}
Cell Parameters:a = 6.2931Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 249.23 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Crystals cubic; cubo-octahedral or octahedral habits less common. Massive, coarsely granular to compact. Columnar structure rare; as crusts.
Twinning:On {111} (artificial crystals only).

Epitaxial Relationships of Sylvite

Epitaxial Minerals:
Hematite
Fe
 
2
O
 
3
Halite
NaCl
Epitaxi Comments:Hematite inclusions with {0001} of hematite parallel to {001}, {111}, or {011} of halite. Minute halite inclusions oriented in parallel position to the sylvite.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Sylvite

Type:Isotropic
RI values: n = 1.4903
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.000 - Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:Moderate
Type:Isotropic
Pleochroism:Visible
Comments:Distinct pleochroism observed in colored crystals with weak anomalous birefringence (especially noted in mechanically deformed crystals).
Comments:Anomalously anisotropic when strained

Chemical Properties of Sylvite

Formula:
KCl
Essential elements:Cl, K
All elements listed in formula:Cl, K
CAS Registry number:7447-40-7

CAS Registry numbers are published by the American Chemical Society
Analytical Data:Water soluble. Taste salty but more astringent than halite.
Common Impurities:Br,CO2=C,O

Relationship of Sylvite to other Species

Common Associates:
PolyhaliteKieseriteKainiteHaliteGypsum
CarnalliteAnhydrite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
3.AA.05Marshite
CuI
3.AA.05Miersite
(Ag,Cu)I
3.AA.05Nantokite
CuCl
3.AA.05UM1999-11:I:CuS
Cu(I,S)
3.AA.10Iodargyrite
AgI
3.AA.10Tocornalite
(Ag,Hg)I
3.AA.15Bromargyrite
AgBr
3.AA.15Chlorargyrite
AgCl
3.AA.20Carobbiite
KF
3.AA.20Griceite
LiF
3.AA.20Halite
NaCl
3.AA.20Villiaumite
NaF
3.AA.25Salammoniac
NH
 
4
Cl
3.AA.25UM1998-03-Cl:Tl
TlCl
3.AA.25Lafossaite
Tl(Cl,Br)
3.AA.30Calomel
(Hg
+
2
)Cl
 
2
3.AA.30Kuzminite
(Hg
+
2
)(Br,Cl)
 
2
3.AA.30Moschelite
(Hg
+
2
)I
 
2
3.AA.35Neighborite
NaMgF
 
3
3.AA.40Chlorocalcite
KCaCl
 
3
3.AA.45Kolarite
PbTeCl
 
2
3.AA.50Radhakrishnaite
PbTe
 
3
(Cl,S)
 
2
3.AA.55Challacolloite
KPb
 
2
Cl
 
5
3.AA.60Hephaistosite
TlPb
 
2
Cl
 
5
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
8.1.1Griceite
LiF
8.1.2Villiaumite
NaF
8.1.3Halite
NaCl
8.1.4Hydrohalite
NaCl · 2H
 
2
O
8.1.5Carobbiite
KF
8.1.7Salammoniac
NH
 
4
Cl

Other Names for Sylvite

Synonyms:
Chloride of PotassiumHoeveliteHöveliteLeopolditeMuriate of Potash
Potassium ChlorideSal digestivus sylviiSchätzeliteSilviteSylvin
SylvineSylvyne
Other Languages:
German:Chlorkalium
Hoevelit
Hövellit
Leopoldit
Schätzelit
Sylviit
Sylvit
Russian:Сильвин
Simplified Chinese:钾盐
钾石盐
Spanish:Hoevelita
Hövelita
Leopoldita
Schätzelita
Sylvita

Other Information

Thermal Behaviour:Melts at 790°. Highly diathermanous.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
External LinksSearch for toxicity information at the United States National Library of Medicine
Industrial Uses:Source for potasium

References for Sylvite

Reference List:

- +
Bischoff (1865), Berg.- und hüttenmännisches Zeitung, Freiberg, Leipzig: 24: 276.

Bischoff (1865), Ann. Chem. Phys.: 5: 318.

Zinken (1865), Berg.- und hüttenmännisches Zeitung, Freiberg, Leipzig: 24: 79.

Rubens and Snow (1892), Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 46: 529.

Rubens et al (1897), Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 60: 418.

Martens (1902), Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 8: 459.

Johnston-Lavis (1906), Nature: 74: 174.

Bragg (1913), Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: 89: 448.

Strukturber (1931): 1: 105.

Panichi U. (1933), Sul dimorfismo del salgemma e della silvite. Periodico di Mineralogia (Roma), pp.25-33.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II: 7-9.

Bedarida F., Della Giusta A.(1970), Dislocazioni a vite in cristalli aciculari di KCl; effeti sulle misure delle intensita dei raggi X. Periodico di mineralogia (Roma), pp.137-143.

Internet Links for Sylvite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Sylvite on Google
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Sylvite on Webmineral
  • Look for Sylvite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Sylvite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Sylvite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Sylvite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Buy fine minerals and gemstones from Pala International
  • Find Sylvite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Search for Sylvite on Well-Arranged Molecules
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  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
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  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Sylvite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Buy from McDougall Minerals
  • Jobs:
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  • Localities for Sylvite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Antarctica
     
    • Eastern Antarctica
      • Princess Elizabeth Land
        • Ingrid Christensen Coast
    Gore, D.B., Nichols, G.T., Lehmann, C.E.R., Burgess, J.S., Baird, A.S.&, Creagh, D.C. (2000) An atlas of surficial salts of the Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica: composition, distribution and origin ANARE Report 143. 146 pp
      • Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land)
        • Lützow-Holm Bay
          • East Ongul Island
    Watanuki/ Torii/ Nishiyama/ Morikawa, 1979
    • Western Antarctica
      • Antarctic Peninsula
        • South Shetland Islands
    Viramonte, J.G., Sureda, R.J., Bossi, G.E., Fourcade, N.H., Omarini, R.H., Geochemical and mineralogical study of the high temperature fumaroles from Decepcion Island, South Shetland, Antarctica. Inst. Assoc. of Volc. and chemistry of the erath interior. Symposium Andean and Antarctic Volcanology Problems. Chile (1974).
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yancowinna Co.
    Birch BH Book
    • Queensland
      • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
        • Mary Kathleen district
    T.Kwak & P.Abeysinghe: "Rare earth and uranium minera;s present as daughter crystals in fluid inclusions, Mary Kathleen U-REE skarn, Queensland, Australia: Min. Mag. 51,665-670(1987)
    • Tasmania
      • Waratah district
        • Waratah
    Bottrill, unpub.
    Austria
     
    • Salzburg
      • Abtenau
        • Webing
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Gastein valley
          • Bad Gastein
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • Upper Austria
      • Gmunden
        • Hallstatt
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    Belarus
     
    • Minsk Province
      • Pripyat Depression
    Fizykochemiczne Problemy Mineralurgii, 32 (1998), 275–280; Russian Journal of Earth Sciences Vol. 6, No. 3, June 2004
    Bolivia
     
    • Oruro Department
      • Atahuallpa Province
    Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
    • Potosí Department
      • Nor Lípez Province
    Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
    Brazil
     
    • São Paulo
      • Cajati
    Costanzo, A., Moore, K. R., Wall, F., & Feely, M. (2006). Fluid inclusions in apatite from Jacupiranga calcite carbonatites: evidence for a fluid-stratified carbonatite magma chamber. Lithos, 91(1), 208-228.
    da Silva, M. A., Schreiber, B. C., & dos Santos, C. L. (2000). Evaporitos Como Recursos Minerais. Brazilian Journal of Geophysics, 18, 3.
    Canada
     
    • Manitoba
      • Elice RM
    B.B. Bannatyne (1983) Devonian Potash Deposits in Manitoba. Manitoba Geological Survey Open File Report 83-3
    B.B. Bannatyne (1983) Devonian Potash Deposits in Manitoba. Manitoba Geological Survey Open File Report 83-3
    • New Brunswick
      • Kings Co.
        • Cardwell Parish
          • Penobsquis
    Canadian Mineralogist (1981): 19: 291-301.
    • Nova Scotia
      • Cumberland Co.
        • Pugwash
    R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
    • Québec
      • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
        • Les Îles-de-la-Madeleine TE
          • Grosse Île
    Sabina, A.P. (2003) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Îles de la Madeleine, Québec, the Island of Newfoundland, and Labrador. GSC Misc. Report 58, 19-21p.
    • Saskatchewan
    Joel Grice (1989) Famous Mineral Localities of Canada. Fitzhenry & Whiteside, Markham Ontario 190pp
    R. A. McIntosh, N. C. Wardlaw (1968) Barren halite bodies in the sylvinite mining zone at Esterhazy, Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 1968, 5(5): 1221-1238
      • Rocanville
    Collection of NHM, Vienna
    Cape Verde
     
    • Sotavento Islands
      • Fogo Island
    Universidade de Evora
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • El Loa Province
        • Calama
          • Chuquicamata District
    Cameron, E.M., Leybourne, M.I., and Palacios, C. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 205-218.
    China
     
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
        • Bayan Obo Mining District
          • Bayan Obo
    H.-R. Fan et al.: International Geology Review 46(7):638-648 (2004)
    • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Liaodong Peninsula
        • Dalian Prefecture
          • Wafangdian Co.
    Huifang Liu (2002): Geological Science and Technology Information 21(2), 51-54
    • Qinghai Province
      • Hainan Autonomous Prefecture
    Sun Da-peng, Li Bing-xiao, Ma Yua-hua, and Lin Qun-zhu (2002): Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12; Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
      • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
        • Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.)
    Youde Ma (2006): Journal of Salt Lake Research 14(1), 14-28.
        • Dulan Co.
          • Qarhan salt lake (Chaerhan salt lake)
    Botao Li, Yuanyi Zhao, Zuohua Qian, Pengcheng Jiao, Chenglin Liu, and Shijun Wang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(4), 669-683; Yuanyi Zhao, Botao Li, Pengcheng Jiao, Zuohua Qian, and Weishi Chen (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(4), 684-696
    Min Mo, Shuqi Gu, Wenzhong Zheng, and Huanzhu Lin (1986): Geological Review 51(2), 160-164
        • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
    Xiying Zhang, Haizhou Ma, Donglin Gao, Minggang Zhang, and Tao Wang (2007): Journal of Salt Lake Research 15(2), 12-20.
        • Mangnai Co. (Mangya Co.)
    Mily Wang, Yijie Wang, Chenglin Liu, and Yongzhi Chen (1993): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 15(1)
    Yuhua Chen, Heran Yuan, and Zhiyue Du (1998): Geological Review 44(1), 100-105
    • Shandong Province
      • Linyi Prefecture
        • Yimeng Mtns (Yimeng Shan)
          • Mengyin Co.
            • Mengyin Kimberlite field
              • Changma Kimberlite belt
    Gorshkov, A.I., Titkov, S.V., Yan Nan Bao, Ryabchikov, I.D., and Magazina, L.O. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(4), 326-334
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Xigazê Prefecture (Rikaze Prefecture; Shigatse Prefecture)
        • Zhongba Co.
    Yong-Sheng Zhang, Mian-Ping Zheng, Zhen Nie, and Ling-Zhong Bu (2005): Sea-lake Salt and Chemical Industry [Yanye Yu Huagong] 34(4), 1-5.
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
          • Lop Nur (Lop Nuur; Lop lake; Luobu lake; Luobubo)
    Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
      • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
        • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
    Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
      • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
        • Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.)
          • Kanggur-Xifengshan gold belt
    Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117
        • Tulufan Co. (Turfan Co.; Turpan Co.)
    Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Yunnan Province
      • Nujiang Autonomous Prefecture
    Chunji Xue, Rong Zeng, Shuwen Liu, Guoxiang Chi, Hairuo Qing, Yuchuan Chen, Jianmin Yang, and Denghong Wang (2006): Ore Geology Reviews (in press).
      • Pu'er Prefecture
        • Jiangcheng Co.
    Weihao Yue, Jianguo Gao, Yuncan Li, Yinghui Liu, and Xinkai Liu (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(5), 809-822
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Kivu
      • Goma
    Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980
    Ethiopia
     
    • Afar Province
      • Danakil depression
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 94.
    Finland
     
    • Lapland Region
      • Savukoski
        • Tulppio
    http://gac.esd.mun.ca/gac_2004/search_abs/sub_program.asp?sess=98&form=10&abs_no=136
    France
     
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Gard
        • Alès
          • Saint-Julien-les-Rosiers (Saint-Julien-de-Valgagues)
    De Ascenção Guedes R. (2006) La calcite et la fluorite de Saint-Julien-les-Rosiers (Gard). Le Règne Minéral, 69, 8-20. (in French)
    • Lorraine
      • Moselle
    No reference listed
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Müllheim
        • Buggingen
    Braitsch, O., Gunzert, G., Wimmenauer, W., and Thiel, R. (1964): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 10, 111-124.
    • Hesse
      • Fulda
        • Neuhof
    Krah, O., (1988): Beobachtungen beim Durchbruch eines Basaltganges durch das Kalilager vom Werk Neuhof-Ellers, Der Aufschluss Vol. 39 (2), 103-113
      • Werra valley
        • Heringen
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Phillippsthal
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lower Saxony
      • Celle
        • Hänigsen
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Wathlingen
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Göttingen
        • Reyershausen
    Niemann, H. (1960): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 7, 137-165.
      • Hanover
        • Lehrte
    Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Lüneburg
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Solling
        • Volpriehausen
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 87.
    • Mecklenburg-West Pomerania
      • Ludwigslust
    Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 9.
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Laach lake volcanic complex
          • Kruft
    Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (14), Mineralien-Welt 6/4, 37, 1995
          • Mendig
            • Niedermendig
    Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (14), Mineralien-Welt 6/4, 37, 1995
    Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (14), Mineralien-Welt 6/4, 37, 1995
              • Wingertsberg
    Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (14), Mineralien-Welt 6/4, 37, 1995
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Börde
        • Morsleben
    http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Sachsen-Anhalt/B%C3%B6rde/Morsleben/Schacht%20Marie
        • Zielitz
    Leon Hupperichs Collection
      • Stassfurt Potash deposit
        • Aschersleben
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 376.
        • Bernburg
    Witzke, T. (2012): Gillardit, Cu3Ni(OH)6Cl2, und Avdoninit, K2Cu5Cl8(OH)4 • H2O, zwei Neufunde von Bernburg, Sachsen-Anhalt. Aufschluss 63, 209-211.
        • Egeln
          • Tarthun
    No reference listed
    Naumann, Zirkel: "Elemente der Mineralogie", 13th Ed., 1898
        • Stassfurt
    Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 8.
    • Thuringia
    Effmert, G.; Wurth, L. (2007): Bleicherode, Thüringen: Ein Feuerwerk von Gips-Kristallen, Mineralien-Welt 6/2007, p.42-47.
    Effmert, G. & Wurth, L. (2007). Bleicherode, Thüringen: Ein Feuerwerk von Gips-Kristallen. Min.-Welt, Jg.18, Nr.6, S.42-47.
    http://www.harzergruben.de/Kali/Bernterode/bernterode_neu.htm
    BOEKE, H.E. (1909): Rinneit, ein neugefundenes eisenchlorürhaltiges Salzmineral.- Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 72-75
    Leon Hupperichs Collection
      • Sondershausen
    Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 8.
      • Thuringian Forest
        • Merkers-Kieselbach
    W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
    Hungary
     
    • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
      • Zemplén Mtns (Tokaj Mtns)
        • Erdőbénye
    Iceland
     
    • Vestmannaeyjar archipelago (Westman islands)
      • Heimaey island
        • Heimaey
    Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
    Iran
     
    • Hormozgan Province
    Talbot, C., Farhadi, R., and Aftabi, P. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 352-366.
    Italy
     
    • Campania
      • Naples Province
        • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
    Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 9.
    • Sicily
      • Agrigento Province
        • Racalmuto
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
      • Caltanissetta Province
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
      • Catania Province
        • Etna Volcanic Complex
    Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 9; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    www.cse.speleo.it
      • Enna Province
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
      • Messina Province
        • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
          • Lipari
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
            • Vulcano Island
    Italo Campostrini list - 2008
    Japan
     
    • Kyushu Region
      • Nansei Archipelago
        • Kagoshima Prefecture
    (E. Nitta, M. Kimata, M. Hoshino, T. Echigo, S. Hamasaki, H. Shinohara, N. Nishida, T. Hatta, M. Shimizu (2006) “High-temperature sublimate minerals from Iwodake volcano, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kyusyu, Southwestern Japan.” –oral presentation at IMA meeting in Kobe.)
    • Tokyo Prefecture
      • Izu Archipelago
        • Oushima Island (Ohshima; Oshima)
    K. Sakurai collection
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Atyrau Province (Atyrau Oblysy; Atyrau Oblast')
      • Atyrau (Gur'yev)
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
    Laos
     
    • Khammouan Province (Khammouane Province)
      • Thakhek
    Xiying Zhang, Haizhou Ma, Hongbing Tan, Donglin Gao, Binkai Li, Mingxiang Wang, Qiliang Tang, and Xiaolong Yuan (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(4), 713-721
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
        • Santa Eulalia District
          • East Camp
    Megaw, P.K.M., 1990b, Geology and geochemistry of the Santa Eulalia mining district, Chihuahua, Mexico.: Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Arizona, 549 p
    • Coahuila
      • Mun. de Cuatrociénegas
        • Cuatro Ciénegas (Cuatrociénegas de Carranza; Venustiano Carranza)
          • Limestone caves
    Forti, P. et al. (2006): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 35/1, 79–98.
    • Mexico
      • Mun. de Zacazonapan
    Bull. Minéral. , 1984, 107, pp. 285-305.
    Morocco
     
    A. J. Irving, T. E. Bunch, Alan E. Rubin & John T. Wasson (2010). Northwest Africa 2828/Al Haggounia 001 is a Weathered, Unequilibrated EL Chondrite: Trace Element and Petrologic Evidence. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 45, p. A90. [Supplement]
    Namibia
     
    • Kunene Region
      • Damaraland District
        • Kalkfeld
    American Mineralogist, Vol. 84, pp. 1117-1125, 1999.; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
    Netherlands
     
    • Gelderland
      • Winterswijk
        • Ratum
    T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
    • Groningen
      • Zuidwending
    http://nlog.nitg.tno.nl/resources/zout/0310300%20Zuidwending%20openbaar%20scan.pdf
    New Zealand
     
    • North Island
      • Waikato
        • Hauraki
    Simpson et al. , New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics Abstracts, http://www.rsnz.org/publish/nzjgg/2004/009.php http://crownminerals.med.govt.nz/minerals/docs/nzmining/nzmining_up014.pdf http://members.segweb.org/PDF97-2/269_Brth.pdf
    Norway
     
    • Akershus
      • Eidsvoll (Eidsvold)
        • Minnesund
    Rondeau, B., Fritsch, E., Peucat, J.-J., Nordrum, F.S. & Groat, L. (2008): Characterization of Emeralds from a historical deposit: Byrud (Eidsvoll), Norway. Gems & Gemology, 44, 108-122
    • Buskerud
      • Drammen
        • Konnerud
    Segalstad, T. V. & Telstø, L. (2002): Mineraldannelsen i Konnerudkollen gruver. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 35-49
    Hansteen, T.H. & Burke, E.A. (1994): Aphthitalite in high-temperature fluid inclusions in quartz from the Eikeren-Skrim granite complex, the Oslo paleorift. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 74 (4), 238-240
      • Øvre Eiker
        • Gunhildrud
    Jahren, J.; Berg, H.J.; Hurum, J.H. & Wulff-Pedersen, E. (1998): Nye undersøkelser av amazonitt-genthelvin pegmatitten fra Fiskum, Øvre Eiker. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 13-16
    • Nordland
      • Lofoten
        • Flakstad
          • Flakstadøya Island
    Stuart Mills, dec 2002
    • Vest-Agder
      • Farsund
    Konnerup-Madsen. J. (1979): Fluid inclusions in quartz from deep-seated granitic intrusions, south Norway. Lithos 12,13-23; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 49
    Poland
     
    • Kujawsko-Pomorskie
      • Inowrocław
    Eligiusz Szełęg collection
    • Małopolskie
      • Olkusz District
        • Olkusz
    J. Cabala, B. Zogala, R. Dubiel (2008) Geochemical and Geophysical Study of Historical Zn-Pb Ore Processing Waste Dump Areas (Southern Poland). Polish J. of Environ. Stud. Vol. 17, No. 5, 693-700
    • Wielkopolskie
    Jirásek, J.: Solný důl Kłodawa (Polsko). Minerál, 2004, roč. 12, č. 2, s. 98-102. ISSN 1213-0710 (excerpted from unpublished thesis Hanczke, T.: Mineralogia i petrografia soli czechstyńskich kopalni "Kłodawa". Doktroská práce, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, Instytut nauk geologicznych, 1967.)
    Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
     
    • Kouilou Department
    www.uoguelph.ca/~geology/rocks_for_crops/20congo_rep.PDF
    Henry Rauche (2009) Updated Reserve and Resource Estimate for MagMinerals Kouilou Potash Project, Republic of Congo
    Romania
     
    • Alba Co.
      • Apuseni District
    A.H. Damman et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1081-1096.
    Russia
     
    • Central Region
      • Moscow Oblast' (Moskovskaya Oblast')
    Pekin, A. (2011) Minerals of Moscow. Russian Journal of General Chemistry. Jun2011, Vol. 81 Issue 6, p1381-1391.
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
        • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
    Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Lena-Angara salt Basin
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
          • Lower Tunguska
            • Nepa River basin
    American Mineralogist, Volume 87, pages 1509–1513, 2002; Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
          • Zheleznogorsk
    Mazurov, M.P., Grishina, S.N., Istomin, V.E., and Titov, A.T. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 271-284.; Mazurov et al (2007) Geology of Ore Deposits, 49, 271–284.
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Daldyn-Alakit kimberlite field
          • Daldyn
    M. Kamenetsky et al. , Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 5, 2003.
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
        • Tolbachik volcano
          • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
            • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Vergasova L P, Filatov S K, Serafimova E K, Semenova T F (1988) Ponomarevite K4Cu4OCl10 - a new mineral from volcanic sublimates, Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 300, 1197-1200
    L.P. Vergasova et al.: Eur. J. Mineral. 16:533-543 (2004); Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Elena Yu. Bykova material
    European Journal of Mineralogy; October 2000; v. 12; no. 5; p. 1041-1044
    Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka, vol 2, p 140, S.A. Fedotov
      • Primorskiy Kray
        • Khanka Lake
    V.V. Seredin data
      • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
        • Kuril Islands
          • Iturup Island
    http://maurice.strahlen.org/kurilles/kurilles.htm; Yudovskaya, M.A. et al (2007) Zapiski RMO, 136, #5, 45-51.
    • Urals Region
      • Middle Urals
        • Permskaya Oblast'
          • Kama river
            • Solikamsk
    P.M. Kartashov data
    Seychelles
     
    Gorshkov, A.I., Baturin, G.N., Bogdanova, O.Y., and Magazina, L.O. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(2), 183-188.
    South Africa
     
    • North West Province
      • Marico District
    Minerals of South Africa
    Spain
     
    • Catalonia
      • Barcelona
        • Bages
          • Cardona
    Calvo, M. (2006): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. III, Halogenuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 267 pp
    • Extremadura
      • Badajoz
        • Mérida
    J.C. Fernandez-caliani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1015-1026.
    Sweden
     
    • Lappland
      • Kiruna district
    Lindblom, S.,Broman, C. and Martinsson, O.(1996): Magmatic-hydrothermal fluids in the Pahtohavare Cu-Au deposit in greenstone at Kiruna, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita Volume 31: 307-318
    • Medelpad
      • Sundsvall
    Kresten,P. (1990): The Alnø area (in Swedish). In: Lundqvist, T. (Ed.), Beskrivning Till Bergrundskartan Over Västernorrlands län. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning serie Ba, 31, 238–278.
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Binn Valley
        • Imfeld (Im Feld; Feld; Fäld)
    Müller, F. (2012): Geochemische Untersuchungen an Fluideinschlüssen in Kluftquarzkristallen aus den Metadolomiten des Binntales, Kanton Wallis, Schweiz. Master Thesis, University Basel, Switzerland, 78 pp.
    Tanzania
     
    • Arusha Region
    Mitchell, R.H. (2006) Mineralogy of stalactites formed by subaerial weathering of natrocarbonatite hornitos at Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine: 70: 437-444; Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
    The Moon
     
    • Mare Crisium
    P.M. Kartashov data
    Turkmenistan
     
    • Lebap Province
      • Chardzhou
        • Gaurdak basin (Gaurdok basin)
    Yongsheng Zhang, Mianping Zheng, Wen Qi, Hao Li, and Renjie Xiang (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(6), 692-696
    Yongsheng Zhang, Mianping Zheng, Wen Qi, Hao Li, and Renjie Xiang (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(6), 692-696
    U.S. Virgin Islands
    Alminas, Henry V.; Foord, Eugene E.; Tucker, Robert E. (1994) Geochemistry, mineralogy, and geochronology of the U.S. Virgin Islands USGS Bulletin 2057 36p
    UK
     
    • England
      • Co. Durham
        • Billingham
    Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 172-175.
      • North Yorkshire
        • Eskdale
    Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
    Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
    Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
        • Loftus
    UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, No. 14 p4-7
    Ukraine
     
    • Ivano-Frankivs'k Oblast' (Ivanovo-Frankovsk Oblast')
    Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 9.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • L'viv Oblast' (Lviv Oblast'; Lwiw Oblast')
      • Drohobych
    Griniv, S. P., Iorysh, Z. I. & Skul'skaya, L. I. (1986): Kalistrontite from the Stebnik deposit of potassium salts. Mineralogicheskii Sbornik (Lvov) 40, 74-78. (in Russian)
    • Zhytomyr Oblast' (Zhitomir Oblast')
    Lyckberg, P., Chornousenko, V. & Wilson, W. E. (2009): Volodarsk-Volynski, Zhitomir Oblast, Ukraine. Mineralogical Record, 40, 473-506.; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
    USA
     
    • Alabama
      • Clarke Co.
    Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull 120
    • Arizona
      • Apache & Navajo Cos.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 387; Peirce, H.W. (1969), Salines, in Mineral and water resources of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 180: 417-424.
    • California
      • Imperial Co.
    RRUFF Project Specimen ID: R050166; Mark Rogers (1982) Octahedral Sylvite. Mineralogical Record 13:42
      • Inyo Co.
        • Deep Springs Valley
    Jones, Blair Francis (1961), Zoning of saline minerals at Deep Spring Lake, California: USGS PP 424-B, Article 83: B200; Jones, Blair Francis (1965), The hydrology and mineralogy of Deep Spring Lake, Inyo County, California. USGS Professional Paper 502-A, 56 pp.: 44; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 357.
    USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10260745.
    No reference listed
    • Colorado
      • Dolores Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Gunnison Co.
        • Dorchester District
          • Taylor Park
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Montezuma Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Louisiana
      • Iberia Parish
    R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
    R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
      • Plaquemines Parish
    R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
    R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
    • Michigan
    Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Nevada
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Sulphur District
          • Sulphur
            • Hycroft Mine (Crofoot-Lewis Mine; Standard Slag Mine; Crofoot Gold project; Crofoot project; Crofoot Mine; Lewis Mine; Hycroft-Lewis Mine; Brimstone; Gap; Graveyard [Boneyard]; North pit; South Central pit; South Extension pit; Peninsula)
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lander Co.
        • Battle Mountain District
          • Copper Canyon mine
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • White Pine Co.
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Mexico
      • Eddy and Lea Counties
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 385, 595; Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
      • Eddy Co.
    AmMin 47:152
        • Carlsbad Potash District
    NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
    Keith Christy specimens; SIMMONS, P.S. (2013)The Carlsbad Potash Basin, Carlsbad, New Mexico. Mineralogical Record, 44 (1), 13-49.
    NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
    NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
    NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
    NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
    NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
    NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Lincoln Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • New York
      • Livingston Co.
        • Retsof
    George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
        • York
    Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, p.164
    • North Dakota
    Geology of Bottineau County, North Dakota. Bulletin (North Dakota Geological Survey) ;, 78,
    https://www.dmr.nd.gov/ndgs/Mineral/nd_saltnew.asp
    https://www.dmr.nd.gov/ndgs/Mineral/nd_saltnew.asp
    • Texas
      • Duval Co.
    R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
      • Jefferson Co.
        • Hamshire
    Darrell Munson, Stephen Bauer, Christopher Rautman, Brian Ehgartner, and Allan Sattler (2003) ANALYSIS OF THE MASSIVE SALT FALL IN BIG HILL CAVERN 103 SAND2003-0703
      • Matagorda Co.
    R&M 45:6 pp 371-379
      • Presidio Co.
        • Shafter District
    GSA Conference (2001) Paper No. 173-0 THE RED HILLS INTRUSIVE SYSTEM, PRESIDIO COUNTY, TEXAS: THE EASTERNMOST LARAMIDE PORPHYRY COPPER-MOLYBDENUM DEPOSIT IN SOUTHWESTERN NORTH AMERICA
    • Utah
      • Emery Co.
        • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Grand Co.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Crescent Eagle
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
        • Interriver District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
        • Little Grand District (S. E. Green River)
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Mineral Canyon Area
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Moab District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Thompsons District (S. E. Thomsons)
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • San Juan Co.
        • Moab District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
        • Paradox Basin
    Omer B. Raup and Beth M. Madsen (1986) Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 56, #2, 248-251
        • Paradox Valley
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Tooele Co.
        • Bonneville Salt Flats
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
        • Great Salt Lake Desert
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
        • Salt Flats
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Silver Island Mts
          • Silver Island District (Silver Islet District)
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
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