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Sylvite

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François Sylvius de le Boe
Formula:
KCl
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Colourless, grey, white, ...
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
1½ - 2
Name:
From Latin "sal digestibus Sylvii", salts of Sylvius, named after François Sylvius de le Boe (1614-1672), a physician and chemist of Leyden, Netherlands.

Classification of Sylvite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
3.AA.20

3 : HALIDES
A : Simple halides, without H2O
A : M:X = 1:1, 2:3, 3:5, etc.
9.1.1.2

9 : NORMAL HALIDES
1 : AX
8.1.6

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
1 : Halides of the alkali metals and ammonium
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http://www.mindat.org/min-3850.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Sylvite

Year of Discovery:
1832
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Evaporite deposit

Occurrences of Sylvite

Geological Setting:
Evaporites in sedimentary basins, sublimate in volcanic fumaroles, burning coal.

Physical Properties of Sylvite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colourless, grey, white, yellowish to reddish, seldom blue or violet
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
1½ - 2
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {001}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
1.993(5) g/cm3 (Measured)    1.987 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Sylvite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fm3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.2931Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 249.23 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals cubic; cubo-octahedral or octahedral habits less common. Massive, coarsely granular to compact. Columnar structure rare; as crusts.
Twinning:
On {111} (artificial crystals only).

Epitaxial Relationships of Sylvite

Epitaxial Minerals:
Epitaxy Comments:
Hematite inclusions with {0001} of hematite parallel to {001}, {111}, or {011} of halite. Minute halite inclusions oriented in parallel position to the sylvite.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Sylvite

Type:
Isotropic
RI values:
n = 1.4903
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.000 - Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Type:
Isotropic
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
Distinct pleochroism observed in colored crystals with weak anomalous birefringence (especially noted in mechanically deformed crystals).
Comments:
Anomalously anisotropic when strained

Chemical Properties of Sylvite

Formula:
KCl
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
CAS Registry number:
7447-40-7

CAS Registry numbers are published by the American Chemical Society
Analytical Data:
Water soluble. Taste salty but more astringent than halite.
Common Impurities:
Br,CO2=C,O

Relationship of Sylvite to other Species

3.AA.05MarshiteCuI
3.AA.05Miersite(Ag,Cu)I
3.AA.05NantokiteCuCl
3.AA.05UM1999-11:I:CuSCu(I,S)
3.AA.10IodargyriteAgI
3.AA.10Tocornalite(Ag,Hg)I
3.AA.15BromargyriteAgBr
3.AA.15ChlorargyriteAgCl
3.AA.20CarobbiiteKF
3.AA.20GriceiteLiF
3.AA.20HaliteNaCl
3.AA.20VilliaumiteNaF
3.AA.25SalammoniacNH4Cl
3.AA.25UM1998-03-Cl:TlTlCl
3.AA.25LafossaiteTl(Cl,Br)
3.AA.30Calomel(Hg22+)Cl2
3.AA.30Kuzminite(Hg22+)(Br,Cl)2
3.AA.30Moschelite(Hg22+)I2
3.AA.35NeighboriteNaMgF3
3.AA.40ChlorocalciteKCaCl3
3.AA.45KolaritePbTeCl2
3.AA.50RadhakrishnaitePbTe3(Cl,S)2
3.AA.55ChallacolloiteKPb2Cl5
3.AA.60HephaistositeTlPb2Cl5

Other Names for Sylvite

Other Information

Thermal Behaviour:
Melts at 790°. Highly diathermanous.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Source for potasium

References for Sylvite

Reference List:
Bischoff (1865), Berg.- und hüttenmännisches Zeitung, Freiberg, Leipzig: 24: 276.

Bischoff (1865), Ann. Chem. Phys.: 5: 318.

Zinken (1865), Berg.- und hüttenmännisches Zeitung, Freiberg, Leipzig: 24: 79.

Rubens and Snow (1892), Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 46: 529.

Rubens et al (1897), Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 60: 418.

Martens (1902), Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 8: 459.

Johnston-Lavis (1906), Nature: 74: 174.

Bragg (1913), Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: 89: 448.

Strukturber (1931): 1: 105.

Panichi U. (1933), Sul dimorfismo del salgemma e della silvite. Periodico di Mineralogia (Roma), pp.25-33.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II: 7-9.

Bedarida F., Della Giusta A.(1970), Dislocazioni a vite in cristalli aciculari di KCl; effeti sulle misure delle intensita dei raggi X. Periodico di mineralogia (Roma), pp.137-143.

Internet Links for Sylvite

Localities for Sylvite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Princess Elizabeth Land
      • Ingrid Christensen Coast
Gore, D.B., Nichols, G.T., Lehmann, C.E.R., Burgess, J.S., Baird, A.S.&, Creagh, D.C. (2000) An atlas of surficial salts of the Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica: composition, distribution and origin ANARE Report 143. 146 pp
    • Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land)
      • Lützow-Holm Bay
        • East Ongul Island
Watanuki/ Torii/ Nishiyama/ Morikawa, 1979
  • Western Antarctica
    • Antarctic Peninsula
      • South Shetland Islands
Viramonte, J.G., Sureda, R.J., Bossi, G.E., Fourcade, N.H., Omarini, R.H., Geochemical and mineralogical study of the high temperature fumaroles from Decepcion Island, South Shetland, Antarctica. Inst. Assoc. of Volc. and chemistry of the erath interior. Symposium Andean and Antarctic Volcanology Problems. Chile (1974).
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Westmoreland Co.
      • Oberon
Podgson RE, Osborne RAL, Colchester DM, Minerals of Jenolan Caves, New South Wales, Australia: Geological and Biological Interactions, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 134, 1-18.
    • Yancowinna Co.
Birch BH Book
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
      • Mary Kathleen district
T.Kwak & P.Abeysinghe: "Rare earth and uranium minera;s present as daughter crystals in fluid inclusions, Mary Kathleen U-REE skarn, Queensland, Australia: Min. Mag. 51,665-670(1987)
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah district
      • Waratah
Bottrill, unpub.
  • Western Australia
    • Dundas Shire
      • North Haig
        • Sleeper Camp
Berkley, J., Jeffrey, G., Keil, K. & Healey, J. T. (1978) Fluorescent accessory phases in the carbonaceous matrix of ureilites: Geophysical Research Letters (5):1075-1078. (Dec 1978).
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Abtenau
      • Webing
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Gastein valley
        • Bad Gastein
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Innsbruck
          • Hall
            • Hall valley
Spötl (1989)
  • Upper Austria
    • Gmunden
      • Hallstatt
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Belarus
 
  • Minsk Province
    • Pripyat Depression
Fizykochemiczne Problemy Mineralurgii, 32 (1998), 275–280; Russian Journal of Earth Sciences Vol. 6, No. 3, June 2004
Bolivia
 
  • Oruro Department
    • Atahuallpa Province
Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
  • Potosí Department
    • Nor Lípez Province
Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
Brazil
 
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
Costanzo, A., Moore, K. R., Wall, F., & Feely, M. (2006). Fluid inclusions in apatite from Jacupiranga calcite carbonatites: evidence for a fluid-stratified carbonatite magma chamber. Lithos, 91(1), 208-228.
da Silva, M. A., Schreiber, B. C., & dos Santos, C. L. (2000). Evaporitos Como Recursos Minerais. Brazilian Journal of Geophysics, 18, 3.
    • Rosário do Catete
http://www.cetem.gov.br/publicacao/CTs/CT2002-158-00.pdf
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Elice RM
B.B. Bannatyne (1983) Devonian Potash Deposits in Manitoba. Manitoba Geological Survey Open File Report 83-3
B.B. Bannatyne (1983) Devonian Potash Deposits in Manitoba. Manitoba Geological Survey Open File Report 83-3
  • New Brunswick
    • Kings Co.
      • Cardwell Parish
        • Penobsquis
Canadian Mineralogist (1981): 19: 291-301.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Lac de Gras
Sharygin, I. S., Golovin, A. V., Korsakov, A. V., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2013). Eitelite in sheared peridotite xenoliths from Udachnaya-East kimberlite pipe (Russia)–a new locality and host rock type. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(5), 825-834.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Pugwash
R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
  • Québec
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • Les Îles-de-la-Madeleine TE
        • Grosse Île
Sabina, A.P. (2003) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Îles de la Madeleine, Québec, the Island of Newfoundland, and Labrador. GSC Misc. Report 58, 19-21p.
  • Saskatchewan
Joel Grice (1989) Famous Mineral Localities of Canada. Fitzhenry & Whiteside, Markham Ontario 190pp
R. A. McIntosh, N. C. Wardlaw (1968) Barren halite bodies in the sylvinite mining zone at Esterhazy, Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 1968, 5(5): 1221-1238
    • Rocanville
Collection of NHM, Vienna
Cape Verde
 
  • Sotavento Islands
    • Fogo Island
Universidade de Evora
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
Cameron, E.M., Leybourne, M.I., and Palacios, C. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 205-218.
TESIS PARA OPTAR AL GRADO DE MAGÍSTER EN CIENCIAS, MENCIÓN GEOLOGÍA MEMORIA PARA OPTAR AL TÍTULO DE GEÓLOGO CONSTANZA BEATRIZ NICOLAU DEL ROURE EYLERTS, 2013
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
H.-R. Fan et al.: International Geology Review 46(7):638-648 (2004)
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Liaodong Peninsula
      • Dalian Prefecture
        • Wafangdian Co.
Huifang Liu (2002): Geological Science and Technology Information 21(2), 51-54
  • Qinghai Province
    • Hainan Autonomous Prefecture
Sun Da-peng, Li Bing-xiao, Ma Yua-hua, and Lin Qun-zhu (2002): Journal of Salt Lake Research 10(4), 1-12; Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.)
Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275; Youde Ma (2006): Journal of Salt Lake Research 14(1), 14-28
      • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
Dongsheng Hu (1990): Scientia Geologica Sinica 3(7), 259-268
Botao Li, Yuanyi Zhao, Zuohua Qian, Pengcheng Jiao, Chenglin Liu, and Shijun Wang (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(4), 669-683; Yuanyi Zhao, Botao Li, Pengcheng Jiao, Zuohua Qian, and Weishi Chen (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(4), 684-696
Min Mo, Shuqi Gu, Wenzhong Zheng, and Huanzhu Lin (1986): Geological Review 51(2), 160-164; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
      • Lenghu Co.
Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275
Xiying Zhang, Haizhou Ma, Donglin Gao, Minggang Zhang, and Tao Wang (2007): Journal of Salt Lake Research 15(2), 12-20.
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
      • Mangnai Co. (Mangya Co.)
Mily Wang, Yijie Wang, Chenglin Liu, and Yongzhi Chen (1993): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 15(1); Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Yuhua Chen, Heran Yuan, and Zhiyue Du (1998): Geological Review 44(1), 100-105
  • Shandong Province
    • Linyi Prefecture
      • Yimeng Mts (Yimeng Shan)
        • Mengyin Co.
          • Mengyin Kimberlite field
            • Changma Kimberlite belt
Gorshkov, A.I., Titkov, S.V., Yan Nan Bao, Ryabchikov, I.D., and Magazina, L.O. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(4), 326-334
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
      • Nyima Co. (Nima Co.)
Qian Wu, Mianping Zheng, Zhen Nie, and Lingzhong Bu (2013): Chinese Journal of Inorganic Chemistry 29(1), 36-44
      • Shuanghu Co.
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
    • Xigazê Prefecture (Rikaze Prefecture; Shigatse Prefecture)
      • Zhongba Co.
Yong-Sheng Zhang, Mian-Ping Zheng, Zhen Nie, and Ling-Zhong Bu (2005): Sea-lake Salt and Chemical Industry [Yanye Yu Huagong] 34(4), 1-5.
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
      • Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.)
        • Kanggur-Xifengshan gold belt
Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117
      • Tulufan Co. (Turfan Co.; Turpan Co.)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
  • Yunnan Province
    • Nujiang Autonomous Prefecture
Chunji Xue, Rong Zeng, Shuwen Liu, Guoxiang Chi, Hairuo Qing, Yuchuan Chen, Jianmin Yang, and Denghong Wang (2006): Ore Geology Reviews (in press).
    • Pu'er Prefecture
      • Jiangcheng Co.
Weihao Yue, Jianguo Gao, Yuncan Li, Yinghui Liu, and Xinkai Liu (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(5), 809-822
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Kivu
    • Goma
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980
Ethiopia
 
  • Afar Province
    • Danakil depression
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 94.
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
http://gac.esd.mun.ca/gac_2004/search_abs/sub_program.asp?sess=98&form=10&abs_no=136
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Gard
      • Alès
        • Saint-Julien-les-Rosiers (Saint-Julien-de-Valgagues)
De Ascenção Guedes R. (2006) La calcite et la fluorite de Saint-Julien-les-Rosiers (Gard). Le Règne Minéral, 69, 8-20. (in French)
  • Lorraine
    • Moselle
No reference listed
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Müllheim
      • Buggingen
Braitsch, O., Gunzert, G., Wimmenauer, W., and Thiel, R. (1964): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 10, 111-124.
  • Hesse
    • Fulda
      • Neuhof
Krah, O., (1988): Beobachtungen beim Durchbruch eines Basaltganges durch das Kalilager vom Werk Neuhof-Ellers, Der Aufschluss Vol. 39 (2), 103-113
    • Werra valley
      • Heringen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Phillippsthal
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Celle
      • Hänigsen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Wathlingen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Göttingen
      • Reyershausen
Niemann, H. (1960): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 7, 137-165.
    • Hanover
      • Lehrte
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lüneburg
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Solling
      • Volpriehausen
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 87.
  • Mecklenburg-West Pomerania
    • Ludwigslust
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 9.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Alsdorf
T. Witzke, F. de Wit, U. Kolitsch and G. Blaß (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, 203-240; in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Kruft
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (14), Mineralien-Welt 6/4, 37, 1995
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (14), Mineralien-Welt 6/4, 37, 1995
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (14), Mineralien-Welt 6/4, 37, 1995
            • Wingertsberg
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (14), Mineralien-Welt 6/4, 37, 1995
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Börde
      • Morsleben
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Sachsen-Anhalt/B%C3%B6rde/Morsleben/Schacht%20Marie
      • Zielitz
Leon Hupperichs Collection
    • Stassfurt Potash deposit
      • Aschersleben
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 376.
      • Bernburg
Witzke, T. (2012): Gillardit, Cu3Ni(OH)6Cl2, und Avdoninit, K2Cu5Cl8(OH)4 • H2O, zwei Neufunde von Bernburg, Sachsen-Anhalt. Aufschluss 63, 209-211.
      • Egeln
        • Tarthun
No reference listed
Naumann, Zirkel: "Elemente der Mineralogie", 13th Ed., 1898
      • Stassfurt
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 8.
  • Thuringia
Effmert, G.; Wurth, L. (2007): Bleicherode, Thüringen: Ein Feuerwerk von Gips-Kristallen, Mineralien-Welt 6/2007, p.42-47.
Effmert, G. & Wurth, L. (2007). Bleicherode, Thüringen: Ein Feuerwerk von Gips-Kristallen. Min.-Welt, Jg.18, Nr.6, S.42-47.
http://www.harzergruben.de/Kali/Bernterode/bernterode_neu.htm
BOEKE, H.E. (1909): Rinneit, ein neugefundenes eisenchlorürhaltiges Salzmineral.- Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 72-75
Leon Hupperichs Collection
    • Sondershausen
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 8.
    • Thuringian Forest
      • Merkers-Kieselbach
W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Sámos Prefecture
      • Sámos Island
Helvaci, C., Stamatakis, M. G., Zagouroglou, C., & Kanaris, J. (1993). Borate minerals and related authigenic silicates in northeastern Mediterranean Late Miocene continental basins. Exploration and Mining Geology, 2(2), 171-178.
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Zemplén Mts (Tokaj Mts)
      • Erdőbénye
Iceland
 
  • Vestmannaeyjar archipelago (Westman islands)
    • Heimaey island
      • Heimaey
Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Iran
 
  • Hormozgan Province
Talbot, C., Farhadi, R., and Aftabi, P. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 352-366.
Italy
 
  • Apulia
    • Bari Province
      • Molfetta
        • Pulo di Molfetta
Laviano R. (2007): Il Pulo di Molfetta: origine dei depositi di nitrati. In: Radina F. (Editor), Natura, archeologia e storia del Pulo di Molfetta. Mario Adda Editore, Bari, 183-189.
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 9.
  • Sicily
    • Agrigento Province (Girgenti Province)
      • Racalmuto
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
    • Caltanissetta Province
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    • Catania Province
      • Etna Volcanic Complex
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 9; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
www.cse.speleo.it
    • Enna Province
      • Calascibetta
Jervis G. (1881): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.
      • Enna (Castrogiovanni)
Montrasio A., Sciesa E., Vignola P. (1997): Collezionare minerali. Ed. Hobby & Work, Milano, 800 pp.
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
          • Vulcano Island
Italo Campostrini list - 2008
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Mishima village
(E. Nitta, M. Kimata, M. Hoshino, T. Echigo, S. Hamasaki, H. Shinohara, N. Nishida, T. Hatta, M. Shimizu (2006) “High-temperature sublimate minerals from Iwodake volcano, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kyusyu, Southwestern Japan.” –oral presentation at IMA meeting in Kobe.)
E. Nitta, M. Kimata, M. Hoshino, T. Echigo, S. Hamasaki, H. Shinohara, N. Nishida, T. Hatta, M. Shimizu (2006) “High-temperature sublimate minerals from Iwodake volcano, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kyusyu, Southwestern Japan.” –oral presentation at IMA meeting in Kobe.
Nitta, E., Kimata, M., Hoshino, M., Echigo, T. Hamasaki, S., Shinohara, H., Nishida, N., Hatta, T., Shimizu, M. (2006) High-temperature sublimate minerals from Iwodake volcano, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kyusyu, Southwestern Japan. Japanese Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 35: 270-281.
  • Tokyo Metropolis
    • Izu Archipelago
      • Oushima Island (Ohshima; Oshima)
Dr. Kinichi Sakurai collection
Kazakhstan
 
  • Atyrau Province (Atyrau Oblysy; Atyrau Oblast')
    • Atyrau (Gur'yev)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
Laos
 
  • Khammouan Province (Khammouane Province)
    • Thakhek
Xiying Zhang, Haizhou Ma, Hongbing Tan, Donglin Gao, Binkai Li, Mingxiang Wang, Qiliang Tang, and Xiaolong Yuan (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(4), 713-721
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
      • Santa Eulalia District
        • East Camp
Megaw, P.K.M., 1990b, Geology and geochemistry of the Santa Eulalia mining district, Chihuahua, Mexico.: Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Arizona, 549 p
  • Coahuila
    • Mun. de Cuatrociénegas
      • Cuatro Ciénegas (Cuatrociénegas de Carranza; Venustiano Carranza)
        • Limestone caves
Forti, P. et al. (2006): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 35/1, 79–98.
  • Mexico
    • Mun. de Zacazonapan
Bull. Minéral. , 1984, 107, pp. 285-305.
Morocco
 
A. J. Irving, T. E. Bunch, Alan E. Rubin & John T. Wasson (2010). Northwest Africa 2828/Al Haggounia 001 is a Weathered, Unequilibrated EL Chondrite: Trace Element and Petrologic Evidence. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 45, p. A90. [Supplement]
Namibia
 
  • Kunene Region
    • Damaraland District
      • Kalkfeld
American Mineralogist, Vol. 84, pp. 1117-1125, 1999.; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Netherlands
 
  • Gelderland
    • Winterswijk
      • Ratum
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
  • Groningen
    • Zuidwending
http://nlog.nitg.tno.nl/resources/zout/0310300%20Zuidwending%20openbaar%20scan.pdf
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Waikato
      • Hauraki
Simpson et al. , New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics Abstracts, http://www.rsnz.org/publish/nzjgg/2004/009.php http://crownminerals.med.govt.nz/minerals/docs/nzmining/nzmining_up014.pdf http://members.segweb.org/PDF97-2/269_Brth.pdf
Norway
 
  • Akershus
    • Eidsvoll (Eidsvold)
      • Minnesund
Rondeau, B., Fritsch, E., Peucat, J.-J., Nordrum, F.S. & Groat, L. (2008): Characterization of Emeralds from a historical deposit: Byrud (Eidsvoll), Norway. Gems & Gemology, 44, 108-122
  • Buskerud
    • Drammen
      • Konnerud
Segalstad, T. V. & Telstø, L. (2002): Mineraldannelsen i Konnerudkollen gruver. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 35-49
Hansteen, T.H. & Burke, E.A. (1994): Aphthitalite in high-temperature fluid inclusions in quartz from the Eikeren-Skrim granite complex, the Oslo paleorift. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 74 (4), 238-240
    • Øvre Eiker
      • Gunhildrud
Jahren, J.; Berg, H.J.; Hurum, J.H. & Wulff-Pedersen, E. (1998): Nye undersøkelser av amazonitt-genthelvin pegmatitten fra Fiskum, Øvre Eiker. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 13-16
  • Nordland
    • Lofoten
      • Flakstad
        • Flakstadøya Island
Stuart Mills, dec 2002
  • Vest-Agder
    • Farsund
Konnerup-Madsen. J. (1979): Fluid inclusions in quartz from deep-seated granitic intrusions, south Norway. Lithos 12,13-23; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 49
Peru
 
  • Piura Department
    • Huancabamba Province
      • Canchaque
arlson, Steven and Sawkins, F. J. (1980) Mineralogic and Fluid Inclusion Studies of the Turmalina Cu-Mo-bearing Breccia Pipe, Northern Peru, Economic Geology, v. 75, p. 1233-1237.
Poland
 
  • Kujawsko-Pomorskie
    • Inowrocław
Eligiusz Szełęg collection
  • Małopolskie
    • Olkusz District
      • Olkusz
J. Cabala, B. Zogala, R. Dubiel (2008) Geochemical and Geophysical Study of Historical Zn-Pb Ore Processing Waste Dump Areas (Southern Poland). Polish J. of Environ. Stud. Vol. 17, No. 5, 693-700
  • Wielkopolskie
Jirásek, J.: Solný důl Kłodawa (Polsko). Minerál, 2004, roč. 12, č. 2, s. 98-102. ISSN 1213-0710 (excerpted from unpublished thesis Hanczke, T.: Mineralogia i petrografia soli czechstyńskich kopalni "Kłodawa". Doktroská práce, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, Instytut nauk geologicznych, 1967.)
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
 
  • Kouilou Department
www.uoguelph.ca/~geology/rocks_for_crops/20congo_rep.PDF
Henry Rauche (2009) Updated Reserve and Resource Estimate for MagMinerals Kouilou Potash Project, Republic of Congo
Romania
 
  • Alba Co.
    • Apuseni District
A.H. Damman et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1081-1096.
Russia
 
  • Central Region
    • Moscow Oblast' (Moskovskaya Oblast')
Pekin, A. (2011) Minerals of Moscow. Russian Journal of General Chemistry. Jun2011, Vol. 81 Issue 6, p1381-1391.
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
      • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Lena-Angara salt Basin
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Lower Tunguska
          • Nepa River basin
American Mineralogist, Volume 87, pages 1509–1513, 2002; Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
        • Zheleznogorsk
Mazurov, M.P., Grishina, S.N., Istomin, V.E., and Titov, A.T. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 271-284.; Mazurov et al (2007) Geology of Ore Deposits, 49, 271–284.
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Daldyn-Alakit kimberlite field
        • Daldyn
M. Kamenetsky et al. , Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 5, 2003.; Sharygin, I. S., Golovin, A. V., Korsakov, A. V., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2013). Eitelite in sheared peridotite xenoliths from Udachnaya-East kimberlite pipe (Russia)–a new locality and host rock type. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(5), 825-834.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
      • Tolbachik volcano
        • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
          • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Vergasova L P, Filatov S K, Serafimova E K, Semenova T F (1988) Ponomarevite K4Cu4OCl10 - a new mineral from volcanic sublimates, Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 300, 1197-1200
L.P. Vergasova et al.: Eur. J. Mineral. 16:533-543 (2004); Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Elena Yu. Bykova material
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
European Journal of Mineralogy; October 2000; v. 12; no. 5; p. 1041-1044
Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka, vol 2, p 140, S.A. Fedotov
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Khanka Lake
V.V. Seredin data
    • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
      • Kuril Islands
        • Iturup Island
http://maurice.strahlen.org/kurilles/kurilles.htm; Yudovskaya, M.A. et al (2007) Zapiski RMO, 136, #5, 45-51.
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Permskaya Oblast'
        • Kama river
          • Solikamsk
P.M. Kartashov data
Seychelles
 
Gorshkov, A.I., Baturin, G.N., Bogdanova, O.Y., and Magazina, L.O. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(2), 183-188.
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Bages
        • Cardona
Calvo, M. (2006): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. III, Halogenuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 267 pp
- Calvo, M. (2006): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. III, Halogenuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 267 pp
        • Sallent de Llobregat
- Calvo, M. (2006): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. III, Halogenuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 267 pp
        • Suria
- Calvo, M. (2006): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. III, Halogenuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 267 pp
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Mérida
J.C. Fernandez-caliani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1015-1026.
Sweden
 
  • Lappland
    • Kiruna district
Lindblom, S.,Broman, C. and Martinsson, O.(1996): Magmatic-hydrothermal fluids in the Pahtohavare Cu-Au deposit in greenstone at Kiruna, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita Volume 31: 307-318
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
Kresten,P. (1990): The Alnø area (in Swedish). In: Lundqvist, T. (Ed.), Beskrivning Till Bergrundskartan Over Västernorrlands län. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning serie Ba, 31, 238–278.
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Müller, F. (2012): Geochemische Untersuchungen an Fluideinschlüssen in Kluftquarzkristallen aus den Metadolomiten des Binntales, Kanton Wallis, Schweiz. Master Thesis, University Basel, Switzerland, 78 pp.
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha Region
Mitchell, R.H. (2006) Mineralogy of stalactites formed by subaerial weathering of natrocarbonatite hornitos at Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine: 70: 437-444; Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
The Moon
 
  • Mare Crisium
P.M. Kartashov data
Tunisia
 
  • Al Kåf Governorate (El Kef; Le Kef)
    • Sakiet Sidi Youssef (Saqiyat Sidi Yusuf)
Mlayah, A., Ferreira da Silva, E., Rocha, F., Hamza, C. B., Charef, A., & Noronha, F. (2009). The Oued Mellègue: Mining activity, stream sediments and dispersion of base metals in natural environments, North-western Tunisia. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 102(1), 27-36.
Turkmenistan
 
  • Lebap Province
    • Chardzhou
      • Gaurdak basin (Gaurdok basin)
Yongsheng Zhang, Mianping Zheng, Wen Qi, Hao Li, and Renjie Xiang (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(6), 692-696
Yongsheng Zhang, Mianping Zheng, Wen Qi, Hao Li, and Renjie Xiang (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(6), 692-696
U.S. Virgin Islands
Alminas, Henry V.; Foord, Eugene E.; Tucker, Robert E. (1994) Geochemistry, mineralogy, and geochronology of the U.S. Virgin Islands USGS Bulletin 2057 36p
UK
 
  • England
    • Co. Durham
      • Billingham
Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 172-175.
    • North Yorkshire
      • Eskdale
Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
      • Loftus
UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, No. 14 p4-7; Peter G. Embrey (1978) Fourth Supplementary List of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 42:169-177
Ukraine
 
  • Ivano-Frankivs'k Oblast' (Ivanovo-Frankovsk Oblast')
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 9.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • L'viv Oblast' (Lviv Oblast'; Lwiw Oblast')
    • Drohobych
Griniv, S. P., Iorysh, Z. I. & Skul'skaya, L. I. (1986): Kalistrontite from the Stebnik deposit of potassium salts. Mineralogicheskii Sbornik (Lvov) 40, 74-78. (in Russian)
  • Zhytomyr Oblast' (Zhitomir Oblast')
Lyckberg, P., Chornousenko, V. & Wilson, W. E. (2009): Volodarsk-Volynski, Zhitomir Oblast, Ukraine. Mineralogical Record, 40, 473-506.; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Clarke Co.
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull 120
  • Arizona
    • Apache & Navajo Cos.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 387; Peirce, H.W. (1969), Salines, in Mineral and water resources of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 180: 417-424.
  • California
    • Imperial Co.
RRUFF Project Specimen ID: R050166; Mark Rogers (1982) Octahedral Sylvite. Mineralogical Record 13:42
    • Inyo Co.
      • Deep Springs Valley
Jones, Blair Francis (1961), Zoning of saline minerals at Deep Spring Lake, California: USGS PP 424-B, Article 83: B200; Jones, Blair Francis (1965), The hydrology and mineralogy of Deep Spring Lake, Inyo County, California. USGS Professional Paper 502-A, 56 pp.: 44; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 357.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10260745.
No reference listed
  • Colorado
    • Dolores Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Dorchester District
        • Taylor Park
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Montezuma Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Louisiana
    • Iberia Parish
R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
    • Plaquemines Parish
R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
  • Michigan
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Sulphur District
        • Sulphur
          • Hycroft Mine (Crofoot-Lewis Mine; Standard Slag Mine; Crofoot Gold project; Crofoot project; Crofoot Mine; Lewis Mine; Hycroft-Lewis Mine; Brimstone; Gap; Graveyard [Boneyard]; North pit; South Central pit; South Extension pit; Peninsula)
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Battle Mountain District
        • Copper Canyon mine
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Eddy and Lea Counties
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 385, 595; Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
    • Eddy Co.
AmMin 47:152
      • Carlsbad Potash District
NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
Keith Christy specimens; SIMMONS, P.S. (2013)The Carlsbad Potash Basin, Carlsbad, New Mexico. Mineralogical Record, 44 (1), 13-49.
NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Lincoln Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • New York
    • Livingston Co.
      • Retsof
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
      • York
Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, p.164
  • North Dakota
Geology of Bottineau County, North Dakota. Bulletin (North Dakota Geological Survey) ;, 78,
https://www.dmr.nd.gov/ndgs/Mineral/nd_saltnew.asp
https://www.dmr.nd.gov/ndgs/Mineral/nd_saltnew.asp
  • Texas
    • Duval Co.
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Hamshire
Darrell Munson, Stephen Bauer, Christopher Rautman, Brian Ehgartner, and Allan Sattler (2003) ANALYSIS OF THE MASSIVE SALT FALL IN BIG HILL CAVERN 103 SAND2003-0703
    • Matagorda Co.
R&M 45:6 pp 371-379
    • Presidio Co.
      • Shafter District
GSA Conference (2001) Paper No. 173-0 THE RED HILLS INTRUSIVE SYSTEM, PRESIDIO COUNTY, TEXAS: THE EASTERNMOST LARAMIDE PORPHYRY COPPER-MOLYBDENUM DEPOSIT IN SOUTHWESTERN NORTH AMERICA
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Grand Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Crescent Eagle
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Interriver District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Little Grand District (S. E. Green River)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Mineral Canyon Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Moab District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Thompsons District (S. E. Thomsons)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • Moab District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Paradox Basin
Omer B. Raup and Beth M. Madsen (1986) Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 56, #2, 248-251
      • Paradox Valley
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Bonneville Salt Flats
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Great Salt Lake Desert
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Salt Flats
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Silver Island Mts
        • Silver Island District (Silver Islet District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
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