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Baryte

This page kindly sponsored by Bill Dameron
Formula:
BaSO4
Lustre:
Vitreous, Pearly
Name:
Named in 1800 by Dietrich Ludwig Gustav Karsten from the Greek βάρυζ, heavy, due to its unusual heaviness for a non-metallic mineral.
Baryte Group. Baryte-Celestine Series.
The barium analogue of Celestine and Anglesite.

Typically found as thick to thin tabular crystals, usually in clusters with the crystals growing parallel to one another, or nearly so. Also as bladed, white masses.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Baryte.


Classification of Baryte

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
25.4.17

25 : Sulphates
4 : Sulphates of Ca, Sr and Ba

Baryte in petrology

An essential component of (items highlighted in red)

Physical Properties of Baryte

Vitreous, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven

Crystallographic forms of Baryte

Crystal Atlas:
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Barite no.2 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Barite no.12 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Barite no.28 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Barite no.35 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Barite no.62 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Barite no.325 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Chemical Properties of Baryte

Formula:
BaSO4
Elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Baryte to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Celestine (see here)
Forms a series with Anglesite (see here)
25.4.1AnhydriteCaSO4
25.4.2BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
25.4.3GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
25.4.4GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
25.4.5CesaniteCa2Na3(SO4)3OH
25.4.6EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
25.4.7HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
25.4.8SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
25.4.9GörgeyiteK2Ca5(SO4)6 · H2O
25.4.10PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
25.4.11Koktaite(NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
25.4.12Ye'elimiteCa4Al6O12SO4
25.4.13EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
25.4.14BentoriteCa6Cr2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
25.4.15CelestineSrSO4
25.4.16KalistrontiteK2Sr(SO4)2

Other Names for Baryte

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Baryte

Reference List:
Licetus, F. (1640) (as Lapis Bononiensis, Litheophorus).

Mentzel (1673) Misc. Ac. Nat. Cur.

Mentzel (1675) Obscuro lucens (as Lapis Bononiensis).

Wallerius, J.G (1747) Mineralogia, eller Mineralriket. Stockholm: 56 (as Lysesten, Bononiensisksten, Gypsum irregulare, lamellosum).

Cronstedt A. (1758) Mineralogie; eller Mineral-Rikets Upstallning. Stockholm: 21 (as Gypsum spatosum, Marmor metallicum, Spatum Bononiense, Tungspath). p. 25 (as Terra calcarea phlogisto et acido vitrioli mixta, Les wersten, Lapis hepaticus).

Born, I. von (1772) Lythophylacium Bornianum; Index fossiliumquae colligit, etc., Prague, pt 1: 14 (as Gypsum ponderosum).

de Lisle, R. (1772) Essai de cristallographie. Paris (as Spath pesant ou séléniteux).

Bergmann, T. (1782) Sciagraphia regni mineralis (as Spathum ponderosum).

de Lisle, R. (1783) Cristallographie, ou description des formes propres à tous les corps du regne minéral. 4 volumes, Paris. (as Spath pesant ou séléniteux).

Withering (1784) Royal Society of London, Philosophical Transactions.

Kirwan, R. (1794) Elements of Mineralogy, second edition: 1: 136 (as Baroselenite).

Delamétherie, J.C. (1797) Des pierres barytiques pures. Théorie de la Terre, 2nd. Edition, 5 volumes, Paris: 2: 8 (as Barytite).

Karsten, D.L.G. (1800) Tabellarische Uebersicht der mineralogisch - einfachen Fossilien. Mineralogische Tabellen, Berlin. First edition: 38, 75 (as Baryt, Hepatit).

Haüy, R.J. (1801) Traité de minéralogie. First edition: in 4 volumes with atlas in fol., Paris: 2 (as Baryte).

Eaton, in: Macneven: Atomic Theory Chym., New York: 19 (as Schoharite).

Beudant, F.S. (1824), Traité élémentaire de Minéralogie Paris: 441 (as Barytine).

Dufrénoy (1835) Annales de chimie et de physique, Paris: 60: 102 (as Dréelite).

Breithaupt (1838) Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 15: 322 (as Allomorphit).

Shepard (1838) American Journal of Science: 34: 161 (as Calstronbarite).

Glocker, E.F. (1847) Generum et specierum mineralium secundum ordines naturales digestorum synopsis. Halle: 261 (as Dreeit).

Dana, J.D. (1850) System of Mineralogy, 3rd. Edition, New York: 704.

Waltershausen (1855) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 94: 137 (as Barytocölestin).

Dana, J.D. (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th. Edition, New York: 617 (as Celestobarite).

Adam, M. (1869) Tableau minéralogique, Paris: 62 (as Schoarite = a mis-spelling).

Helmhacker (1872) Ak. Wien, Denkschr.: 32, part 2: 1.

Hankel (1874) Sächs Ges. Wiss., Abh.: 10: 281.

Sandberger (1875) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 383.

Collie (1879) Mineralogical Magazine: 2: 220.

Bauer (1887) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 37.

Lacroix (1889) Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 108: 1126 (as Michel-lévyte).

Valentin (1889) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 15: 576.

Gonnard (1890) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 13: 354.

Luedeking, C., Wheeler, H.A. (1891) Notes on a Missouri barite. American Journal of Science: 42: 495.

Beckenkamp (1897) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 28: 69.

Jannetaz and Goldberg (1897) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 28: 103.

Mügge (1898) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 71.

Samoiloff (1902) Moskovskoe Obshchestvo Liubitelei Priordy, Moscow, Bulletin: 16: 105.

Mügge (1903) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 16: 399.

Barker (1908) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 45: 25.

Rosický (1908) Ac. sc. Bohéme, Bulletin: 13.

Ungemach (1908) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 31: 92.

Vogt (1908) Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, Oslo: 1: 3.

Pogue (1910) Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum: 38: 17.

Henglein (1911) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 32: 71.

Kolb (1911) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 49: 14.

Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 1: 140.

Tarr (1919) Economic Geology: 14: 46.

Grahmann (1920) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 1.

Grahmann (1920) Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, Hamburg, Leipzig: 81: 257.

Ōhashi, R. (1920) Note on the Plumbiferous Barytes from Shibukuro, Prefecture of Akita, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine: 19: 73.

Veit (1922) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 45: 121.

Maier (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 58: 75.

Niggli (1924) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 59: 266.

Zeller (1924) Földtani Közlöny, Budapest (Magyarhone Földtani Torsulat): 53: 139.

James, Wood (1925) Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: 109A: 598.

Basche, Mark (1926) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 64: 1.

Ruiz (1926) Reale accademia nazionale dei Lincei, Rendus, Rome: 3(6): 342.

Bruce, E.L., Light, M. (1927) Barytocelestite from the Kingdon Lead Mines, Galetta, Ontario . American Mineralogist: 12: 396.

Doelter, C. (1927) Handbuch der Mineral-chemie (in 4 volumes divided into parts): 4(2): 227.

Hintze, C. (1929) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1(3B), 3782.

Gallitelli (1929) Atti. soc. nat. mat. Modena: 8: 86.

Wagner (1929) Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Leipzig, Berlin: 2: 27.

Kalb (1930) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 74: 469.

Heide (1931) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 78: 257.

Kalb, Koch (1931) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 78: 169.

Wagner (1931) Zeitschrift für angewandte Chemie: 44: 665.

Braun (1932) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 65: 173.

Buschendorf (1932) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 81: 38.

Buttgenbach (1932) Annales of the Société géologique de Belgique, Liége: 55: 165.

Kalb (1932) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 81: 342.

Haas (1933) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 67: 217.

Masuda (1932) Proceedings of the Imperial Academy, Tokyo: 8: 436.

Tarr, W.A. (1933) The origin of the sand barites of the Lower Permian of Oklahoma. American Mineralogist: 18: 260.

Bobkova (1935) Publ. Foc. Sc. University of Masaryk, no. 211.

Howland, A.L. (1936) An occurrence of barite in the red beds of Colorado. American Mineralogist 21: 584.

Russell, A. (1936) Baryte Crystals from the Manvers Main Colliery, Wath-Upon-Dearne, Near Rotherham, Yorkshire. Mineralogical Magazine: 24: 318.

Kolaczkowska (1936) Arch. min. soc. Varsovie: 12: 181.

Tertsch (1936) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 95: 296.

Tokody (1936) Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, Budapest: 54: 650.

Franco (1938) Bol. fac. fil. Cienc. Let. University of São Paulo, no. 10: 75.

Grimm, Peters, Wolff (1938) Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, Hamburg, Leipzig: 236: 57.

Erdélyi (1939) Földtani Közlöny, Budapest (Magyarhone Földtani Torsulat): 69: 290.

Kašpar (1939) in: Mineral Abstracts: 7: 336.

Saukov (1939) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S., n.s.: 22: 254.

Tavora (1946) Estud. Brasil. deGeol.: 1: 47.

Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 408-415.

Heinrich, E.W., Vian, R.W. (1967) Carbonitic barites. American Mineralogist: 52: 1179-1189.

Isetti, G. (1967) Studi sul colore e sul pleocroismo della Baritina. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma pp. 25-41.

Isetti, G. (1968) Studio sulla fotoconducibilità elettrica della baritina. Periodico di mineralogia – Roma, pp. 45-53.

Patel, A.R., Koshy, J. (1968) Cleavage and etching of barite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 539-546.

Blount, C.W. (1974) Synthesis of barite, celestite, anglesite, witherite, and strontianite from aqueous solutions. American Mineralogist: 59: 1209-1219.

Hill, R.J. (1977) A further refinement of the barite structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 15: 522-526.

Miyake, M., Minato, I., Morikawa, H., Iwai, S.I. (1978) Crystal structure and sulphate force constants of barite, celesite, and anglesite. American Mineralogist: 63: 506-510.

Gaines, R.V., Skinner, H.C.W., Foord, E.E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A. (1997) Dana's New Mineralogy : The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, 8th. edition: 572.

Jacobsen, S.D., Smyth, J.R., Swope, R.J., Downs, R.T. (1998) Rigid-body character of the SO4 groups in celestine, anglesite and barite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 1053-1060.

Pina, C.M., Becker U., Risthaus, P., Bosbach, D., Putnis, A. (1998) Molecular-scale mechanisms of crystal growth in barite. Nature: 395: 483-486.

Hanor, J.S. (2000) Barite–celestine geochemistry and environments of formation. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry: 40: 193-275.

Majzlan, J., Navrotsky, A., Neil, J.M. (2002) Energetics of anhydrite, barite, celestine, and anglesite: a high-temperature and differential scanning calorimetry study. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 66: 1839-1850.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., Nichols, M.C. (2003) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume V. Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 813pp.: 45.

Lane, M.D. (2007) Mid-infrared emission spectroscopy of sulfate and sulfate-bearing minerals. American Mineralogist: 92: 1-18.

Buzgar, N., Buzatu, A., Sanislav, I.V. (2009) The Raman study on certain sulfates. Annalele Stiintifice ale Universitatii 55: 5-23.

Jehlička, J., Vítek, P., Edwards, H.G.M., Hargreaves, M.D., Čapoun, T. (2009) Fast detection of sulphate minerals (gypsum, anglesite, baryte) by a portable Raman spectrometer. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 40: 1082-1086.

Antao, S.M. (2012) Structural trends for celestite (SrSO4), anglesite (PbSO4), and barite (BaSO4): confirmation of expected variations within SO4 groups. American Mineralogist: 97: 661-665.

Internet Links for Baryte

mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-549.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Baryte specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Baryte

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.