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Bismite

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Formula:
Bi
 
2
O
 
3
System:MonoclinicColour:Greyish green, greenish ...
Hardness:
Name:For Bismuth in its composition.


A polymorph of Sphaerobismoite

NOTE: Numerous localities for bismuth oxides have been reported, but modern confirmation is required, as most have proven to be carbonates, etc.

Classification of Bismite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/C.02-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.CB.60

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
C : Metal: Oxygen = 2: 3,3: 5, and similar
B : With medium-sized cations
Dana 8th edition ID:4.3.10.2

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
3 : A2X3
Hey's CIM Ref.:7.13.12

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
13 : Oxides of As, Sb and Bi
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Type Occurrence of Bismite

Type Locality:Colavi Mine, Machacamarca District (Colavi District), Cornelio Saavedra Province, Potosí Department, Bolivia
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA (No. 97831)
Year of Discovery:1868
Geological Setting of type material:An oxidation product of bismuth
Associated Minerals at type locality:
CassiteriteBismuth

Physical Properties of Bismite

Lustre:Sub-Adamantine, Dull, Earthy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Greyish green, greenish yellow to bright yellow
Streak:Grey to yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):8.64 - 9.22 g/cm3
Density (calculated):10.4 g/cm3

Crystallography of Bismite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/b {P1 1 21/b} {P21/c} {P1 21/c 1} {P21/a}
Cell Parameters:a = 5.851Å, b = 8.169Å, c = 7.513Å
β = 112.94°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.716 : 1 : 0.92
Unit Cell Volume:V 330.70 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Crystals microscopic, rare; earthy to pulverulent, compact granular, massive.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
3.232 (10)
2.676 (9)
1.670 (8)
1.640 (8)
1.951 (7.5)
1.740 (7.5)
1.167 (7)
Comments:Recorded on material from Colavi, Bolivia

Optical Data of Bismite

Type:Biaxial
RI values: n = 2.42
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.000

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:High

Chemical Properties of Bismite

Formula:
Bi
 
2
O
 
3
Simplified for copy/paste:Bi2O3
Essential elements:Bi, O
All elements listed in formula:Bi, O
Analytical Data:Modern analyses of authenticated material are lacking.

Relationship of Bismite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.CB.05Brizziite
NaSb
5+
 
O
 
3
4.CB.05Corundum
Al
 
2
O
 
3
4.CB.05Ecandrewsite
(Zn,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)TiO
 
3
4.CB.05Eskolaite
Cr
 
2
O
 
3
4.CB.05Geikielite
MgTiO
 
3
4.CB.05Hematite
Fe
 
2
O
 
3
4.CB.05Ilmenite
Fe
2+
 
TiO
 
3
4.CB.05Karelianite
V
3+
2
O
 
3
4.CB.05Melanostibite
Mn
2+
 
(Sb
5+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)O
 
3
4.CB.05Pyrophanite
Mn
2+
 
TiO
 
3
4.CB.05Akimotoite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)SiO
 
3
4.CB.05Auroantimonate
AuSbO
 
3
4.CB.05Romanite
(◻,Pb,Ca)UFe
2+
2
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
6
Ti
 
12
O
 
38
4.CB.05UM1998-11-O-AuHSb
Au
+
2
Sb
3+
 
O
 
2
(OH)
4.CB.05Tistarite
Ti
3+
2
O
 
3
4.CB.10Avicennite
Tl
 
2
O
 
3
4.CB.10Bixbyite
Mn
3+
2
O
 
3
4.CB.15Armalcolite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Ti
 
2
O
 
5
4.CB.15Pseudobrookite
Fe
 
2
TiO
 
5
4.CB.15Mongshanite
(Mg,Cr,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(Ti,Zr)
 
5
O
 
12
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N2S
[(Zn,Al,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(Al,Fe
3+
 
,Ti)
 
8
O
 
15
(OH)]
 
2
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N6S
[(Zn,Mg)
 
7
(Al,Fe
3+
 
,Ti)
 
16
O
 
31
(OH)]
 
2
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-6N6S
[(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(Al,Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
8
O
 
15
(OH)]
 
6
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S
[(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Zn)
 
4
(Al,Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
10
O
 
19
(OH)]
 
2
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N2S
[(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
[Al
 
7
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)]O
 
15
(OH)]
 
2
4.CB.20Ferrohögbomite-6N12S
[(Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Zn)
 
5
(Al,Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
12
O
 
23
(OH)]
 
6
4.CB.25Pseudorutile
Fe
 
2
Ti
 
3
O
 
9
4.CB.25Kleberite
FeTi
 
6
O
 
11
(OH)
 
5
4.CB.30Berdesinskiite
V
3+
2
TiO
 
5
4.CB.30Oxyvanite
V
3+
2
V
4+
 
O
 
5
4.CB.35Olkhonskite
(Cr,V)
 
2
Ti
 
3
O
 
9
4.CB.35Schreyerite
V
3+
2
Ti
 
3
O
 
9
4.CB.40Kamiokite
Fe
 
2
Mo
 
3
O
 
8
4.CB.40Nolanite
(V
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Ti)
 
10
O
 
14
(OH)
 
2
4.CB.40Rinmanite
Zn
 
2
Sb
 
2
Mg
 
2
Fe
 
4
O
 
14
(OH)
 
2
4.CB.40Iseite
Mn
 
2
Mo
 
3
O
 
8
4.CB.40Majindeite
Mg
 
2
Mo
 
3
O
 
8
4.CB.45Claudetite
As
 
2
O
 
3
4.CB.45Stibioclaudetite
AsSbO
 
3
4.CB.50Arsenolite
As
 
2
O
 
3
4.CB.50Sénarmontite
Sb
 
2
O
 
3
4.CB.55Valentinite
Sb
 
2
O
 
3
4.CB.65Sphaerobismoite
Bi
 
2
O
 
3
4.CB.70Sillénite
Bi
 
12
SiO
 
20
4.CB.75Kyzylkumite
Ti
 
2
V
3+
 
O
 
5
(OH)
4.CB.80Tietaiyangite
Fe
3+
4
Fe
2+
 
TiO
 
9
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
7.13.1Arsenolite
As
 
2
O
 
3
7.13.2Claudetite
As
 
2
O
 
3
7.13.3Sénarmontite
Sb
 
2
O
 
3
7.13.4Valentinite
Sb
 
2
O
 
3
7.13.5Cervantite
Sb
3+
 
Sb
5+
 
O
 
4
7.13.6Stibiconite
7.13.7Bahianite
Al
 
5
Sb
 
3
O
 
14
(OH)
 
2
7.13.8Cualstibite-1M
(Cu,Al)
 
3
(OH)
 
6
[Sb
5+
 
(OH)
 
6
]
7.13.9Bismutostibiconite
Bi(Sb
5+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
O
 
7
7.13.107.13.11Stibivanite
Sb
 
2
VO
 
5
7.13.13Sillénite
Bi
 
12
SiO
 
20

Other Names for Bismite

Synonyms:
Bismuth oxydéBismuth trioxideWismuthokker
Other Languages:
Dutch:Bismiet
German:Bismit
Wismuthblüthe
Wismuthoxyd
Wismutoxid
Italian:Bismite
Russian:Бисмит
Simplified Chinese:铋华
Spanish:Bismita
Ukrainian:Бісміт

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Bismite

Reference List:

- +
Frondel, C. (1943): Mineralogy of the oxides and carbonates of bismuth. American Mineralogist 28, 521-535.

Palache, C., Berman, H. and Frondel, C. (1944): The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. (New York), 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 599-601.

Corria Neves, J. M., Lopes Nunes, J. E., Sahama, T. G., Lehtinen, M. and von Knorring, O. (1974): Bismuth and antimony minerals in the graphite pegmatites of northern Mozambique. Rev. Cienc. Geol., Ser. A, 7, 1-37. - Chemical Abstracts (1975), 83, 190 (abstract).

Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 60.

Internet Links for Bismite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
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  • Bismite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Bismite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Salta
      • Nevados de Palermo
        • El Quemado District
    Márquez-Zavalía, M. F., Galliski, M. Á., Černý, P., & Chapman, R. (2012). An Assemblage Of Bismuth-Rich, Tellurium-Bearing Minerals In The El Quemado Granitic Pegmatite, Nevados De Palermo, Salta, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(6), 1489-1498.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Blaxland Co.
        • Mount Allen
    NSW Geological Survey - Nymagee Mineral Deposit Data Sheets DW Suppel and LB Gilligan (1993)
      • Gough Co.
        • Elsmore
    Rankin, J., Lawrence, L. J., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2002): Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Austral. J. Mineral. 8, 55-60.
        • Kingsgate
    Sharpe, J.L., & Williams P.A. (2004) - Secondary bismuth and molybdenum minerals from Kingsgate, New England district of New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol.10, n°1.
      • Robinson Co.
        • Cobar
          • Cobar
    Leverett, P., McKinnon, A. R., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2005): Secondary minerals from the central Cobar mines. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 75-82.
      • Westmoreland Co.
        • Oberon
    D.I. Cendón, I.T. Graham, D.M Colchester, R.E. Pogson and D. Austen. (2005): Smoky quartz and associated minerals from Blue Hill quarry, Oberon, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 10, 47-52
    • Queensland
    E. Stevens & R. Bottrill
        • Delgilbo area
    Qld Dept of Mines,- mines records
    • South Australia
      • Flinders Ranges
        • North Flinders Ranges
          • Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Station)
            • Yudnamutana District
      • Mt Lofty Ranges
        • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
          • Woodside
    • Tasmania
      • Hampshire district
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
      • Waratah district
        • Mt Ramsay
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Victoria
      • Benambra
        • Morass Creek gorge
    • Western Australia
      • Coolgardie Shire
        • Nepean
    Bridge, P. J. & Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO4, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 847-9
      • Cue Shire
        • Poona
    Hodge, L.C.(1970): Russellite- a second occurrence, Mineralogical Magazine, 1970: 37: 705-707
      • Mount Magnet Shire
        • Mount Farmer Station
    Pegmatites of Western Australia; M Jacobson, M Calderwood, B Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, 2007.
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
        • Hüttenberg
          • Hüttenberger Erzberg
      • Gurktaler Alpen
        • Radenthein
          • Millstätter Alpe
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Goldberg group
          • Zirknitz
            • Große Zirknitz valley
    Indra
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Saualpe
        • Bad St Leonhard
          • Kliening
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Styria
      • Koralpe
        • Deutschlandsberg
          • St Oswald
    Exel, R. (1993)
    Bolivia
     
    • La Paz Department
      • Los Andes Province
        • La Union
    Federico Ahlfeld y Jorge Munoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia. (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
    • Potosí Department
      • Cornelio Saavedra Province
        • Machacamarca District (Colavi District)
    Ahlfeld 1955
      • Nor Chichas Province
        • Atocha-Quechisla District
    [MinRec 32:481]
    Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
      • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
        • Llallagua
    Mineralogical Record: 32: 474.;Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
    Brazil
     
    • Goiás
      • Catalão I Carbonatite Complex
        • Ouvidor
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
    • Minas Gerais
      • Araxá
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
    • Rio Grande do Norte
      • Borborema mineral province
        • Lajes
          • Bonfim farm
    Neto, J.A.S., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
    Burma (Myanmar)
     
    • Mandalay Division
      • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
    Canada
     
    • Ontario
      • Renfrew Co.
        • Lyndoch Township
          • Quadeville
    ontariominerals.com; Hugh S. Spence (1930) Pegmatite minerals of Ontario and Quebec. American Mineralogist 15:430-450
    • Québec
      • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
        • Abitibi RCM
          • La Motte
    Canadian Museum of Nature specimens XRD confirmed
    China
     
    • Anhui Province
      • Tongling Prefecture
        • Shizishan ore field
    Huan Hu, Rucheng Wang, Jianjun Lu, and Guanghua Liu (2001): Mineral Deposits 20(1), 86-98
    • Guangdong Province
      • Maoming Prefecture
        • Xinyi Co.
    Chunlian Xiao (2008): Express Information of Mining Industry 6(6), 70-72
    • Guizhou Province
      • Qianxi'nan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Ceheng Co.
    Zhiping Li, and S.G. Peters (1998): USGS Open-File Report 98-466.
    • Qinghai Province
      • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
        • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
          • Qimantage Mtns
    Xu Yong, and Zhu Xinyou (2000): Cobalt Deposits in the Central China Orogenic Belt. Acta Geologica Sinica 74(3), 540-543; Youchang Yi, Gejun Jiao, and Fenying Zhang (2006): Geology and Prospecting 42(3), 30-35
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
        • Xainza Co. (Shenzha Co.)
    Zhihua Wang, Xingquan Wu, Keqiang Wang, Wanqiang Yu, Hui Huang, and Dexi Ma (2007): Geology and Prospecting 43(3), 6-10
    • Yunnan Province
      • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
        • Gejiu Co.
          • Gejiu Sn-polymetallic ore field
            • Western Sub-district
    Chen, J., Halls, C., and Stanley, C.J. (1992): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 11(2), 140-155.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Hradec Králové Region
        • Krkonoše Mtn (Riesengebirge)
          • Špindlerův Mlýn
    Journal of Geosciences 54:15-56
      • Karlovy Vary Region
    No reference listed
          • Krásno (Schönfeld)
    Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
        • Krušné Hory Mtns (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
    Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
      • Liberec Region
        • Harrachov (Harrachsdorf)
    Pauliš P. Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech. Kuttna 2000. Kutná Hora.
      • Ústí Region
        • Krušné Hory Mtns (Erzgebirge)
          • Krupka (Graupen)
            • Steinknochen area (Lux vein)
    Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Kivu
    Finland
     
    • Lapland Region
      • Inari
        • Lemmenjoki
          • Miessijoki River
    Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Haut-Rhin
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997; Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
    • Auvergne
      • Allier
        • Ébreuil
          • Échassières
    G. Aubert : "Les coupoles granitiques de Montebras et d'Echassières (Massif Central Français) et la genèse de leur minéralisations (BRGM, 1969)
    G. Aubert : "Les coupoles granitiques de Montebras et d'Echassières (Massif Central Français) et la genèse de leur minéralisations (BRGM, 1969)
      • Haute-Loire
        • Lavoûte-Chilhac
    • Brittany
      • Côtes-d'Armor
        • Guingamp
          • Belle-Isle-en-Terre
    P. Devismes : "Atlas photographique des minéraux d'alluvions", BRGM, 1978.
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Tarn
        • Castelnau-de-Brassac
          • Fumade
    GAYRAUD, L. (2010): Gisement de phosphates de Castelnau-de-Brassac aux environs de Fumade (Tarn), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 107, 12-17.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Nordrach
    No reference listed
        • Pforzheim
          • Würm
    Lapis, 18 (2), 13-24
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Böckelsbach valley
    Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
            • Burgfelsen
    No reference listed
            • Heubach Valley
    No reference listed
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Schiltach
          • Stammelbach valley
    [Lapis 1992, 11, p.13-20]
        • Schramberg
          • Falkenstein valley
    No reference listed
    • Bavaria
      • Lower Bavaria
        • Bavarian Forest
          • Waldkirchen
            • Röhrnbach
    Habel, M. (2009): Der Granodioritbruch der Fa. Josef Uhrmann OHG, Steinerleinbach bei Röhrnbach. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 66-86.
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Oberpfälzer Wald
          • Vohenstrauß
            • Pleystein
    Dill, H.G., Weber, B. (2009), Pleystein-City on Pegmatite, 4th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, Recife, Brazil.
            • Waidhaus
              • Hagendorf
    http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
    • Hesse
      • Odenwald
        • Abtsteinach
          • Mackenheim
    S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Heppenheim
          • Sonderbach
            • Kohlplatte
    S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Siegerland
        • Wilnsdorf
          • Wilden
    Magma 1984(2), 43-49
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Palatinate
        • Otterbach
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Siegerland
        • Betzdorf
          • Schutzbach
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
        • Wernigerode
          • Hasserode
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Altenberg
    Mineralien-Welt, (2), 17-39.
        • Johanngeorgenstadt District
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Marienberg District
          • Lauta
    Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
        • Schneeberg District
          • Wolfgang Maaßen Mine field
    Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
      • Limbach-Oberfrohna
    http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Sachsen/Chemnitz%2C%20Direktionsbezirk/Zwickau%2C%20Landkreis/Wolkenburger%20Bergbaurevier
    • Thuringia
      • Bad Lobenstein
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Vogtland
        • Hirschberg
          • Ullersreuth
    T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
    Voudouris, P., Melfos, V, Spry, P.G., Bonsall, T.A., Tarkian, M. & Solomon, Ch. (2008): Carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag+/-Au mineralization in the Kamariza area, Lavrion, Greece: Mineralogy and thermochemical conditions of formation. Mineralogy & Petrology 94, 85-106.
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
              • Hilarion area
    No reference listed
    Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1999): Neue Minerale von den alten Lagerstätten Lavrions/Griechenland. Aufschluss 50, 207-209. [bismite and bismuth describe therein are from the Jean Baptiste mine - Branko Rieck pers. comm. to Uwe Kolitsch 2012]
    India
     
    • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
      • Udaipur Division
        • Udaipur District
          • Udaipur
    Viladkar, S. G. Graphite-bearing dolomite carbonatites in Newania, Western India.
    Iran
     
    • Markazi Province
      • Astaneh
    Nezafatis, N. (2006): Au-Sn-W-Cu Mineralization in the Astaneh-Sarband Area, West Central Iran. PhD thesis, University of Tübingen (Germany), 116 pp.
    Italy
     
    • Lombardy
      • Brescia Province
        • Camonica Valley
          • Pisogne
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
      • Sondrio Province
        • Novate Mezzola
          • Codera Valley
    Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
    Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
    Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
    Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
    Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
    • Piedmont
      • Cuneo Province
        • Bagnolo Piemonte
          • Ortieul
    Ambrino, P., Brizio, P., Ciriotti, M.E., Finello, G., Marello, B. (2009). Minerali della pietra di Luserna. AMI. CD-ROM (in italian and in english)
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Ossola Valley
          • Vigezzo Valley
            • Toceno
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Sardinia
      • Cagliari Province
        • Sarroch
    - Orlandi, P., Gelosa, M., Bonacina, E., Caboni, F., Mamberti, M., Tanca, G., A. et Vinci, A. (2013) : Sardignaite, gelosaite et tancaite-(Ce) : trois nouveaux minéraux de Su Seinargiu, Sarroch, Sardaigne, Italie. Le Règne Minéral, 112, 39-52.
      • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
        • Fluminimaggiore
          • Oridda Valley
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Valsugana
          • Roncegno
    -Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Gifu Prefecture
          • Nakatsugawa City
            • Hirukawa
    Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 60
        • Niigata Prefecture
          • Aga-machi (Higashi-Kanbara-gun)
            • Mikawa-mura
    Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
    • Kyushu Region
      • Nansei Archipelago
        • Kagoshima Prefecture
          • Yakushima-cho
            • Yakushima Island
    Hori Mineralogy, Tokyo
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
      • Balkhash Region (Balqash; Karatas; Prebalkhashie)
        • Balkhash (Balqash)
          • Kounrad Massif
    Chen Xuanhua, Qu Wenjun, Han Shuqin, Seitmuratova, E., Yang Nong, Chen Zhengle, Zeng Fagang, Du Andao, and Wang Zhihong (2010): Geoscience Frontiers 1(1), 115-124
    Madagascar
     
    • Antananarivo Province
      • Vakinankaratra Region
        • Betafo District
          • Ambohimanambola Commune
    Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 21
          • Mahaiza Commune
    Behier, J. (1957): Mineraux nouvellement trouves dans les pegmatites de Madagascar. in Commision de Coopération Technique en Afrique au Sud du sahara (C.C.T.A.). Geologie. Comités regionaux Centre, Est et Sud. Conférence de Tananarive Avril 1957. I, 135-138
          • Tritriva Commune
    Ranorosoa, N. (1986): Etude mineralogique des pegmatites du champ de la Sahatany, Madagascar. These de Doctorat de l`Universite Paul Sabatier, Toulouse.
        • Faratsiho District
    Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
    • Fianarantsoa Province
      • Amoron'i Mania Region
        • Ampandramaika-Malakialina Pegmatite Field
          • Ambatofinandrahana District
    Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p. 62
        • Fandriana District
    Michel Arliguie collection
      • Matsiatra Region
        • Ampandramaika-Malakialina Pegmatite Field
    - Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
    Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p.21
    • Mahajanga Province (Majunga)
      • Betsiboka Region
        • Tsaratanàna District
          • Tsaratanàna Pegmatite Field
    Behier, J. (1959): Travaux mineralogiques. Rapport Annuel du Service géologique pour 1959. Republique Malgache. pp 237-250 [p. 241]
    Mexico
     
    • Durango
      • Mun. del Oro
        • Santa María del Oro (El Oro)
    Panczner(1987):114,116.
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
      • Karibib District
        • Okatjimukuju Farm 55 (Friedrichsfelde Farm)
    P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
        • Okongava Ost Farm 72
      • Omaruru District
        • Omaruru
    Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern (in English)
    • Karas Region
      • Karasburg District
    Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 383 pp. (in English)
    • Kunene Region
      • Khorixas District
        • Mesopotamia Copper Valley
    Dunning, G.E. & Cooper. J.F. (1998): Namibite, a summary of world occurrences. Mineralogical Record. 29: 163-166
    Norway
     
    • Aust-Agder
      • Evje og Hornnes
    Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo, p. 147; Neumann (1985) : Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 59
      • Iveland
        • Birkeland
    Frigstad, O.F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo, p. 147; Neumann (1985) : Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 59
        • Frikstad
    Revheim, O. (2007): Slobrekka, Iveland. [Del 2]. STEIN 34 (1), 3-5
    Pacific Ocean
     
    • East Pacific Rise
      • Juan de Fuca Ridge complex
        • Southern Gorda Ridge
    Eos Trans. AGU, 81 (48), Fall Meet. Suppl., 2000
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Dzierżoniów District
        • Piława Górna
    Szełęg E., Szuszkiewicz A., Pieczka A., Nejbert K., Turniak K., Łodziński M., Ilnicki S., Banach M., Michałowski P. & Różniak R. 2010: Geology of the Julianna pegmatite vein system from the Piława Górna quarry (Dolnośląskie Surowce Skalne S.A.), Sowie Mts Block, SW Poland. Mineralogia - Special Papers, vo.l. 37, 111
      • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
        • Czarnów
          • Rędziny
    Domańska, J.: Rędziny. Otoczak, nr. 29, p. 38-52.
    Romania
     
    • Bihor Co.
      • Nucet
    www.minerals-of-the carpathians.eu (2009)
    Russia
     
    • Northern Region
      • Karelia Republic
        • Ladoga Region
    Ivashchenko, V. I., Valkama, M., Sundblad, K., Golubev, A. I., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2011, September). New data on mineralogy and metallogeny of scarns in the Pitkyaranta ore region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 440, No. 1, pp. 1307-1311). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Keivy Mountains
            • Western Keivy Massif
    A.V. Voloshin, Ya.A. Pakhomovskii Minerals and mineralformation evolution in amazonite pegmatites of Kola peninsula, - Leningrad, Nauka, 1986, pp.168.
    • Urals Region
      • Middle Urals
        • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
          • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
            • Berezovskii (Berezovskii Zavod)
              • Berezovskoe Au Deposit (Berezovsk Mines)
                • Uspenskaya Mt
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012)
    • Western-Siberian Region
      • Altai Republic (Gorno-Altayskaya Autonomous Oblast')
    Potseluev, A.A., Babkin, D.I., and Kotegov, V.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(5), 384-401.
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Rimavská Sobota Co.
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    • Bratislava Region
      • Bratislava Co.
        • Bratislava
          • Dúbravka
    Števko M., Uher P., Ozdín D. (2012) Bizmut a jeho alteračné produkty: akcesorické minerály granitového pegmatitu berylového typu na lokalite Bratislava-Švábsky vrch (Malé Karpaty, Slovensko). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha), 20, 2, 226-229 (in Slovak with English abstract)
    • Košice Region
      • Rožňava Co.
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    South Africa
     
    • Mpumalanga Province
      • Marble Hall
    Minerals of South Africa
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Málaga
        • Estepona
    Romero Silva,JC; Martos J; Navarro Garcia,JM (2012). La Mina Conchita de Estepona (Malaga). un raro yacimiento de metales complejos en Sierra Bermeja. Edita Anuario de Estudios sobre Ronda y la Serrania Takurunna nº2; año 2012 pag.9.
    • Extremadura
      • Badajoz
        • Valle de la Serena
    Calvo, M. (2009). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
    • Madrid
      • Garganta de los Montes
        • El Cuadrón
    Ref: Jiménez R., Jordá L., Jordá R., Prado P. (2004) - Madrid: la minería metálica desde 1417 hasta nuestros días. Bocamina, n°14
    Tanago, J. G., Lozano, P. L., Larios, A. , La Iglesia, A. (2012) Stokesite crystals from La Cabrera, Madrid, Spain. Mineralogical Record 43:499-508
    - González del Tánago, J. and González del Tánago, J. (2002): Minerales y Minas de Madrid
    Sweden
     
    • Västmanland
      • Lindesberg
    No reference listed
      • Nora
        • Striberg ore field
    Kjell Gatedal
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Turtmann Valley
        • Pipjitälli
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 79; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • St Agnes District
          • St Agnes
            • West Wheal Kitty group
    Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), pp. 108.
    Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), pp. 108.
        • St Austell District
          • Roche
            • Carbis
    Collins, J.H. (1871): A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon. D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.
        • St Erth - Gwithian Area
          • Gwinear
            • Copperhouse
              • Rosewarne and Herland United Mines (Rosewarne and Herland Mine; incl. Wheal Fancy; Wheal Pleasure)
    Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), pp. 108.
        • St Just District
          • St Just
            • Trewellard
    Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), pp. 108.
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
            • Carrock Fell
    BMS Database
    No reference listed
      • Devon
        • Tavistock District
          • Peter Tavy
            • Devon United Mines
    UKJMM Vol.25 p.19; UKJMM Vol.29 p.49-52
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Dillingham Borough
        • Bristol Bay District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
    [MinRec 24:421]
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 138; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
      • Graham Co.
        • Bowie area
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 139.
      • La Paz Co.
        • Granite Wash Mts
          • Ellsworth District
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 139.
            • Vicksburg
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 138; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 33.
      • Mohave Co.
    Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 20 (Table A-1).
        • Aquarius Mts (Aquarius Range; Peacock Range)
    Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 21 (Table A-1).
      • Yavapai Co.
        • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
          • Castle Creek District
            • Copperopolis
              • Buzzard's Roost
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 138, 139; Lindgren, W. (1926), USGS Bull. 782: 28, 184-185; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 22; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 33, 44.
        • Eureka District
          • Bagdad
    Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 33.
    • California
      • Nevada Co.
        • Last Chance District
          • Spring Creek area
    [MinRecord 29:165]
    Mineralogical Record (In press)
      • San Bernardino Co.
    Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 60
      • San Diego Co.
        • Pala District
          • Pala
    Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
    Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 40; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 186.
    Jahns, R.H. and Wright, L.A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 38; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 186.
        • Ramona District
          • Ramona
    Foord, Eugene E. et al (1989), Mineralogy and Paragenesis of the Little Three Mine Pegmatites, Ramona District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record, 20(2): p. 121; Mineralogical Magazine (1996), 60: 387-388.
        • Rincon District
          • Rincon
            • Rincon Mountain
    Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 60
    • Colorado
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Park Co.
        • Geneva District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
        • Montezuma District
          • Hall Valley
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Summit Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Connecticut
      • Fairfield Co.
        • Monroe
    Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
    Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State, p.273
      • Middlesex Co.
        • Haddam
    Harold Moritz collection
        • Portland
    Rocks & Min. Vol.71, No.3, p.197; Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:351-358
          • Collins Hill
            • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
    Schooner, R., 1955, 99 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill, Rocks and Minerals, v. 30, p.351-358.
    • Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
        • Goldfield District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Sylvania District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Eureka Co.
        • Lynn District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Mineral Co.
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Nye Co.
        • Round Mountain District
          • Mariposa Canyon
          • Outlaw Mine
    Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 27, pp. 355-376(1988)
    • New Mexico
      • Grant Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
        • White Signal District
    NMBMMR Bull 83 Mineral Deposits of Western Grant County, New Mexico
      • Sierra Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Taos Co.
        • Picuris District
    Jahns, R. H. and Ewing, R. C. (1977): The Harding mine, Taos County, New Mexico. Mineralogical Record, 8 (2): 115-126.
    • North Carolina
      • Gaston Co.
    Dana 6:1076; Dana 7:I:163.
    Genth,F.A and Kerr, W.C. 1881, Mineral and Mineral Localities of North Carolina , Geological Survey
    • South Dakota
      • Custer Co.
        • Custer District
          • Custer
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
      • Pennington Co.
        • Keystone Gold District
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • Tintic District
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    Means, A H "Some New Mineral Occurences From The Tintic District, Utah" American Journal of Science Vol 41, Noi 241 (1916) pp 125-30; Means, A H "Some New Mineral Occurences From The Tintic District, Utah" American Journal of Science Vol 41, Noi 241 (1916) pp 125-30
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Salt Lake Co.
        • Wasatch Mts
          • Little Cottonwood District (Alta District)
            • Little Cottonwood Canyon
              • Dromedary Peak
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    Calkins, F. C.; Butler, B. S.; Heikes, V. C. (1943) Geology and ore deposits of the Cottonwood-American Fork area, Utah, with sections on history and production. USGS Professional Paper: 201
      • Tooele Co.
        • Deep Creek Mts
          • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
            • Gold Hill
    Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne. EDS analyzed by Excalibur Minerals.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Utah Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • East Tintic District
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
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