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Calaverite

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Formula:
AuTe
 
2
System:MonoclinicColour:Grass yellow to silver ...
Hardness:2½ - 3
Name:Named in 1868 by Fredrick August Ludwig Karl Wilhelm Genth for the type locality at the Stanislaus Mine, in Calaveras County, California, USA.
Dimorph of:Krennerite
This page provides mineralogical data about Calaverite.

Classification of Calaverite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/D.16-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.EA.10

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
A : M:S = 1:2 - With Cu, Ag, Au
Dana 8th edition ID:2.12.13.2

2 : SULFIDES
12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.3.1

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
3 : Sulphides etc. of Au
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Type Occurrence of Calaverite

Type Locality:Stanislaus Mine, Carson Hill, Carson Hill District, Mother Lode Belt, Calaveras Co., California, USA
Year of Discovery:1861

Occurrences of Calaverite

Geological Setting:Low temperature hydrothermal veins.

Physical Properties of Calaverite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Grass yellow to silver white
Streak:Greenish to yellowish gray
Hardness (Mohs):2½ - 3
Hardness (Vickers):VHN100=197 - 213 kg/mm2
Tenacity:Brittle
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density (measured):9.1 - 9.4 g/cm3
Density (calculated):9.31 g/cm3

Crystallography of Calaverite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 7.19Å, b = 4.4Å, c = 5.08Å
β = 90.3°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.634 : 1 : 1.155
Unit Cell Volume:V 160.71 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Bladed and short to slender prisms.
Twinning:Commonly on {110}, less frequently on {031} and {111}.
Comment:Space group C2/m or C2. Incommensurately modulated structure.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
3.02 (10)
2.93 (3)
2.20 (4)
2.09 (8)
1.758 (3)
1.689 (3)
1.506 (3)
Comments:Similar to the data for muthmannite.

Optical Data of Calaverite

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Weak
Colour in reflected light:White
Pleochroism:Weak

Chemical Properties of Calaverite

Formula:
AuTe
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:AuTe2
Essential elements:Au, Te
All elements listed in formula:Au, Te
Common Impurities:Ag

Relationship of Calaverite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.EA.05Sylvanite
(Au,Ag)
 
2
Te
 
4
2.EA.15Kostovite
CuAuTe
 
4
2.EA.15Krennerite
(Au,Ag)Te
 
2
2.EA.20Berndtite
SnS
 
2
2.EA.20Kitkaite
NiTeSe
2.EA.20Melonite
NiTe
 
2
2.EA.20Merenskyite
(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)
 
2
2.EA.20Moncheite
(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)
 
2
2.EA.20Shuangfengite
IrTe
 
2
2.EA.20Sudovikovite
PtSe
 
2
2.EA.25Verbeekite
PdSe
 
2
2.EA.30Drysdallite
Mo(Se,S)
 
2
2.EA.30Jordisite
MoS
 
2
2.EA.30Molybdenite
MoS
 
2
2.EA.30Tungstenite
WS
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.3.2Krennerite
(Au,Ag)Te
 
2
3.3.3Kostovite
CuAuTe
 
4
3.3.4Uytenbogaardtite
Ag
 
3
AuS
 
2
3.3.5Fischesserite
Ag
 
3
AuSe
 
2
3.3.6Petrovskaite
AuAg(S,Se)
3.3.7Petzite
Ag
 
3
AuTe
 
2
3.3.8Muthmannite
AuAgTe
 
2
3.3.9Sylvanite
(Au,Ag)
 
2
Te
 
4
3.3.10Penzhinite
(Ag,Cu)
 
4
Au(S,Se)
 
4
3.3.11Bezsmertnovite
(Au,Ag)
 
4
Cu(Te,Pb)
3.3.12Bilibinskite
PbCu
 
2
Au
 
3
Te
 
2
3.3.13Bogdanovite
(Au,Te,Pb)
 
3
(Cu,Fe)
3.3.14Montbrayite
(Au,Sb)
 
2
Te
 
3

Other Names for Calaverite

Other Languages:
German:Calaverit
Japanese:カラヴェラス鉱
Russian:Калаверит
Simplified Chinese:碲金矿
Spanish:Calaverita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:Gold ore

References for Calaverite

Reference List:

- +
Penfield, Samuel Lewis & William Ebenezer Ford (1902), Über den Calaverit: Zeitschr. Kristallographie, Band 35: 430-451.

Smith, George Frederick Herbert (1903), Ueber das bemerkenswerthe Problem der Entwickelung der Kristallformer der Calaverit: Zeitschr. Kristallographie, Band 37: 209-234.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 169: 227-236.

Goldschmidt, Victor, C. Palache & M.A. Peacock (1931), Über Calaverit: Neues Jahrb. F. Min. etc. B.B. 63, Abt. A.: 1-58.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 335-338.

Schutte, W.J. and J.L. de Boer (1988): Valence fluctuations in the incommensurately modulated structure of calaverite AuTe2. Acta Cryst., 44, 486–494.

Reithmayer, K., Steurer, W., Schulz, H., de Boer, J. L. (1993): High-pressure single-crystal structure study on calaverite, AuTe2. Acta Crystallographica, B49, 6-11.

Internet Links for Calaverite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Calaverite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
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  • Calaverite specimens for sale - minfind.com
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  • Top quality minerals from Kristalle of California
  • Specimens:The following Calaverite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Calaverite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Catamarca
      • Andalgalá Department
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
    PUTZ, Hubert; PAAR, Werner H and TOPA, Dan. A contributionto the knowledge of the mineralization at mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 514-524.
    PUTZ, Hubert; PAAR, Werner H and TOPA, Dan. A contributionto the knowledge of the mineralization at mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 514-524.
    • La Rioja
      • Sierra de Famatina
    DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
    Armenia
     
    • Kotayk' Province
      • Hrazdan
    Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold; Kovalenker, V. A., Zalibekyan, M. A., Laputina, I. P., Malov, V. S., Sandomirskaya, S. M., Garas' ko, M. I., & Mkhitaryan, D. I. (1990). Sulfide-telluride mineralization of the Megradzor ore field, Armenia. International Geology Review, 32(7), 705-720.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Kennedy Co.
        • Northparkes Mine (Goonumbla Mine; Endeavour Mine)
    A.L. McLean, J.Chapman, J.L. Sharpe and P.A. Williams (2004): The mineralogy of the oxidised zone of the E26 orebody at Northparkes, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 10, 53-57.
      • Narromine Co.
    Allibone, A. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 495-512.
    JR Chapman - Geological Survey of NSW and CRC LEME Report, 2003 Peak Hill Au deposit, Peak Hill, NSW.
    • Queensland
      • Rockhampton Region
        • Mount Morgan
    qld Dept of mines- mines records
    • South Australia
      • Stuart Shelf
        • Roxby Downs
    Ehrig, K., McPhie, J., Kamenetsky, V. (2012) Geology and mineralogical zonation of the Olympic Dam iron oxide Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, South Australia. Economic Geology Special Publication 16, pg. 237-267.
    • Tasmania
      • Queenstown district
    Ralph Bottrill et al in prep.
    Bottrill RS & Baker, WE (in prep) Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania
    • Western Australia
      • Coolgardie Shire
        • Kambalda
          • Kambalda Nickel mines
    Personal communication from Robert Noble.
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
        • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
    Canadian Mineralogist (2003) 41, 1503-1524 ; Rob Lavinsky
    Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:426-431
    Based on specimen held in the Western Australian Museum(see photo)
    Robert Noble specimens.
    Nickel, E., Grey, I.(1979): Tomachite a New Oxide Mineral from Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine (Dec 1979):43: 469-471
      • Laverton Shire
        • Mount Weld Station
    Sung, Y.-H., et al., "Tellurides from the Sunrise Dam gold deposit, Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia: a new occurrence of nagyagite", Mineralogy & Petrology 91, 249-270(2007)
      • Leonora Shire
        • Mount Margaret Goldfield
    Duuring, P., Hagemann, S.G., and Groves, D.I. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 402-421.
    Austria
     
    • Salzburg
      • St Johann im Pongau
        • Mitterberg District
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    Bolivia
     
    • La Paz Department
      • Aroma Province
        • Laurani District
    USGS Bulletin # 1975, p. 255.
    Brazil
     
    • Goiás
      • Mara Rosa district
        • Mara Rosa
    Econ Geol. (1995) 90:308-321; de Oliveira, C. G., de Queiroz, C. L., & Pimentel, M. M. (2008). The arenopólis-mara rosa Gold-Copper Belt, Neoproterozoic Goiás Magmatic Arc. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 30(2), 219-221.
    Bulgaria
     
    • Pazardzhik Oblast (Pazardjik Oblast)
      • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
        • Levski
    Tsonev, D., Popov, K., Kanazirski, M., Strashimirov, S. 2000. Radka ore field. In: Strashimirov, S., Popov, P. (Eds.), Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagyurishte Ore Region (Srednogorie Zone, Bulgaria). ABCD-GEODE 2000 Workshop, Guide to excursions (A and C), 32-39.
        • Panagyurishte
    Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Burkina Faso
     
    • East Region
      • Gnagna Province
        • Piela Department
          • Diabatou
    Klemd, Reiner ; Oberthür, T. ; Quedraogo, A.: Gold-telluride mineralization in the Birimian at Diabatou, Burkina Faso: the role of fluids. In: J. Afr. Earth Sci. (1997), Nr. 24, S. 227-239
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Atlin Mining Division
        • Tagish Lake
    Traill (1983)
    • Northwest Territories
      • Mackenzie District
        • Yellowknife
    RIDLAND, G. C (1941): Mineralogy of the Negus and Con Mines, Yellowknife, Northwest
    COLEMAN, L.C. (1953) Mineralogy of the Yellowknife Bay are, N.W.T. American Mineralogist 38, 506-527.
    RIDLAND, G. C (1941): Mineralogy of the Negus and Con Mines, Yellowknife, Northwest
    • Ontario
      • Cochrane District
        • Hislop Township
    Can Mineral February 1985 v. 23 no. 1 p. 95-98
      • Kenora District
        • Dome Township
    MDI Number: MDI52N04SW00017
        • Echo Township
    GIDDINGS, S.D. & PERKINS, D. (1987) Gold and telluride mineralization at Goldlund mine, Northwestern Ontario, I. Ore mineralogy. Canadian Mineralogist, 25, 659-665.
        • Lake of the Woods
    Traill, R. J. (1980) Catalog of Canadian Minerals: Revised 1980. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 80-18.
      • Nipissing District
        • Strathy Township
    MDI Number: MDI31M04SW00022
      • Thunder Bay District
        • Bomby Township
    ontariominerals.com
    Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
      • Timiskaming District
        • Bannockburn Township
    ontariominerals.com; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; D. C. Harris, W. D. Sinclair, and R. I. Thorpe (1983) Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. Can Mineral 21: 137-143
    No reference listed
    Ann P.Sabina (2003), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Kirkland Lake-Rouyn-Noranda-Val-d’Or, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, p.40
    Sabina, A.P (2003) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Kirkland Lake - Rouyn-Noranda - Val-d'Or, Ontario and Quebec; Geological Survey of Canada, Miscellaneous Report 77, 322 pages,
        • Lebel Township
    Geological Survey of Canada Paper 73-13
        • Pacaud Township
    Ref.: R.J. Traill 1983.
    Ann P.Sabina (2003), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Kirkland Lake-Rouyn-Noranda-Val-d’Or, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, p.22
        • Teck Township
    Ann P.Sabina (2003), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Kirkland Lake-Rouyn-Noranda-Val-d’Or, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, p.26
    Ann P.Sabina (2003), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Kirkland Lake-Rouyn-Noranda-Val-d’Or, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, p.29
    Geological Survey of Canada Paper 73-30
    Ann P.Sabina (2003), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Kirkland Lake-Rouyn-Noranda-Val-d’Or, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, p.14
    Ann P.Sabina (2003), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Kirkland Lake-Rouyn-Noranda-Val-d’Or, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, p.24
    Ref.: R.J. Traill 1983; Ann P.Sabina (2003), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Kirkland Lake-Rouyn-Noranda-Val-d’Or, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, p.27
    Geological Survey of Canada Paper 73-30
    Geological Survey of Canada Paper 73-30
    • Québec
      • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
        • Abitibi RCM
    SABINA, A.P. (2003): Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Kirkland Lake - Rouyn-Noranda - Val d'Or, Ontario & Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, 106.
    SABINA, A.P. (2003): Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Kirkland Lake - Rouyn-Noranda - Val d'Or, Ontario & Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, 111.
          • Preissac
    Sabiba (2003) 113.
        • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
          • Malartic
    Sabina, A.P. (2003) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Kirkland Lake - Rouyne-Noranda - Val d'Or, Ontario & Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, 149.
          • Val d'Or
    Sabina, A.P. (2003) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Kirkland Lake - Rouyn-Noranda - Val d'Or, Ontario & Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, 195-196 p.
    Sabina (2003) 177-178.; Geraint Harris et al (2011) Century Mining Corporation Technical Review Of The Mining Plan/Operations And Audit Of The Resource And Reserve Estimates For The Lamaque Mine Project City Of Val D’Or, Bourlamaque Township,Abitibi County, Quebec, Canada NTS Map 32C/04
    SABINA, A.P. (2003): Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Kirkland Lake - Rouyn-Noranda - Val d'Or, Ontario & Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, 185.
    Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
        • Rouyn-Noranda TE
    Sabina (2003) 66.
    Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
    SABINA, A.P. (1974): Rocks & minerals for the collector: Kirkland Lake – Noranda – Val d’Or, Ontario
    Chile
     
    • Atacama Region
    Economic Geology; January 2005; v. 100; no. 1; p. 131-148
    • Coquimbo Region
      • Elqui Province
        • El Indio deposit
    Llaumet C./Henríquez F. (1976); "Faja de mineralización de oro, plata, cobre y arsenico en la Cordillera Andina de la III y IV región"; Primero Congreso Geológico Chileno, Vol. II.
      • Limarí Province
        • Ovalle
          • Punitaqui
    I.Domeyko collection; La Serena University School of Mine; Enami documents; I.Domeyko collection; La Serena University School of Mine; Enami information (Chilean National Agency for Small Mine Development)
    China
     
    • Gansu Province
      • Baiyin Prefecture
        • Baiyin District
    Shanming Fu, Yongzhang Zhou, Yuansheng Guo, Zhijun Yang, and Wei Fu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(6), 669-675
      • Jiuquan Prefecture
        • Guazhou Co. (Anxi Co.)
    Guobao An (2005): Geology and Prospecting 41(3), 27-32; Qingshan Wang (2008): Gold Science and Technology 16(1), 28-34
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Baise Prefecture
        • Tianyang Co.
    Chunsheng Wang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(11), 20-23
    • Hebei Province
      • Chengde Prefecture
        • Kuancheng Co.
    Poulsen, K.H., Taylor, B.E., Robert, F., Mortensen, J.K., Baoqin Lin, Ling Shang, Ershu Shen, and Lidong Zhang (1990): Report on the Sino-Canadian Gold Project 1987-1990. Geological Survey of Canada Open-File Report 2510; Deli Xu, Wenliang Li, Min Qing, Aijun Yu, and Xiaoqiang Chen (2004): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 25(1), 79-82; Jing Li (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(1), 5-8
      • Tangshan Prefecture
        • Qianxi Co.
    Changjin Cai (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(1), 65-71
      • Zhangjiakou Prefecture
        • Chicheng Co.
          • Xiaozhangjiakou gold field
    Shiqi Wang, Zhiguo Mu, and Chengye Chen (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(1), 84-89, 30
        • Chongli Co.
          • Dongping Au-Te ore field
    Guanxiang Song (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(8), 1-8; Debao Mao (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(9), 13-17; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48; Fengjun Nie (1998): Resource Geology 48(3), 139-158; Peihua Zhang, Jinchu Zhu, Zhenhua Zhao, Long Lu, and Di Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 783-786; Zaihong Yang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(2), 34-39
    Debao Mao (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(9), 13-17; Peihua Zhang, Jinchu Zhu, Zhenhua Zhao, Xiangping Gu, and Jinfu Lin (2004): Canadian Mineralogist 42, 763-768
        • Xuanhua Co.
          • Xiaozhangjiakou gold field
    Shiqi Wang, Zhiguo Mu, and Chengye Chen (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(1), 84-89, 30; Poulsen, K.H., Taylor, B.E., Robert, F., Mortensen, J.K., Baoqin Lin, Ling Shang, Ershu Shen, and Lidong Zhang (1990): Report on the Sino-Canadian Gold Project 1987-1990. Geological Survey of Canada Open-File Report 2510
    • Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Daxing'anling Prefecture
        • Huma Co.
    Zhiguo Zhang, Jiuhai Hu, and Tao Liu (2008): Gold Science and Technology 16(1), 43-47; Chen Tang, Fan Yang, Jinggui Sun, Qinghai Wang, Xingshi Chen, Bin Zhang, Yixin Li, Peng Chai, Yongsheng Liu (2011): Global Geology 30(4), 532-537
      • Heihe Prefecture
        • Aihui District
    Jun Lü, Zhidan Zhao, Yaping Cao, Zhenzhe Han, Aikui Zhang, and Junchuan Yu (2009): Geology in China 36(4), 853-860; Jun Lü, Xuguang Liu, Zhenzhe Han, Aikui Zhang, Handong Zhao, and Derong Li (2009): Geology and Exploration 45(4), 395-401; Hong Xu, Yuxing Yu, Shen Gao, Zhu Tian, Xiangke Wu, Lijun Yang, Qiushu Wang, and Yi Sun (2011): Geological Bulletin of China 30(11), 1779-1784; Siyu Han, Degao Zhai, Jiajun Liu, Jun Lü, Shenghua Wu, and Longbo Yang (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(5), 855-866; Xuxing Yu, Hong Xu, Xiangke Wu, Lijun Yang, Zhu Tian, Shen Gao, and Qiushu Wang (2012): Acta Petrologica Sinica 28(1), 345-356
    • Henan Province
      • Luoyang Prefecture
        • Luanchuan Co.
    Junxian Wang, Hechuan Du, Xinhui Liu, Zengmin Zhang, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(6), 12-17
        • Luoning Co.
    Huijuan Zhu, Baoshan Yang, Yuheng Li, Dingfu Qian, and Yingtang Li (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(1), 37-41; Zhenkuan Luo, Kang Guan, Manzhi Wang, and Chuantai Wang (1999): Guizhou Geology 5(3), 69-74; Zhijie Liu, Xiaoyong Wang, and Pengfei Tang (2009): Gold Science and Technology 17(3), 6-11
        • Song Co.
          • Dongwan gold field
    Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhengwei Zhang, Wenyi Xu, Yumin Qiu, and Jun Deng (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37(3/4), 306-325.
    Zhigang Xin (2010): Gold Science and Technology 23(3), 28-32
      • Nanyang Prefecture
        • Tongbai Co.
          • Weishancheng ore field
    Diankai Chen and Danshen Zhou (1984): Mineral Deposits 3(1), 37-46
      • Sanmenxia Prefecture
        • Lingbao Co.
    Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhengwei Zhang, Wenyi Xu, Yumin Qu, and Jun Deng (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 306-325.
    Zhenkuan Luo, Kang Guan, and Manzhi Wang (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(2), 31-35
          • Qinling Mine
    Zhenkuan Luo, Kang Guan, Manzhi Wang, and Chuantai Wang (1999): Guizhou Geology 5(3), 69-74; Qingchao Zhang (2004): Gold 25(10), 19-21; Shijian Bi, Jianwei Li, Meifu Zhou, and Zhanke Li (2011): Mineralium Deposita 46, 925-941
    Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1994): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 14(3), 241-246
    Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhengwei Zhang, Wenyi Xu, Yumin Qu, and Jun Deng (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 306-325.
    • Hubei Province
      • Huangshi Prefecture
        • Yangxin Co.
          • Fengshan ore field
    Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
      • Yichang Prefecture
        • Zigui Co.
    Taomei Liu (1984): Geology and Prospecting 20(3), 32
    • Hunan Province
      • Chenzhou Prefecture
        • Guiyang Co.
          • Dafang Au-Ag-Pb-Zn deposit
    Fushan Wang (1991): Hunan Geology 10(1), 17-24
        • Suxian District
          • Dongpo ore field
    Zhaojian Zeng (1997): Hunan Geology 16(3), 163-166
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
        • Binhe New District
          • Wulashan Mining District
    Hart, C.J.R., Goldfarb, R.J., Yumin Qiu, Snee, L., Miller, L.D., and Miller, M.L. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 326-351.; Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Xinxu Su, and Xinliang Wang (2002): Ore Geology Reviews 20, 139-169.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:1289-1305
        • Guyang Co.
    Jiuhua Xu, Yuling Xie, and Dayi Qian (1998): Geology and Prospecting 34(6), 14-20
    Jiuhua Xu, Yuling Xie, and Dayi Qian (1998): Geology and Prospecting 34(6), 14-20
      • Hohhot League (Huhehaote Prefecture)
        • Tumed Left Banner (Tumote Zuoqi)
    Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Xinxu Su, and Xinliang Wang (2002): Ore Geology Reviews 20, 139-169.
    Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Xinxu Su, and Xinliang Wang (2002): Ore Geology Reviews 20, 139-169.
        • Wuchuan Co.
    Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Xinxu Su, and Xinliang Wang (2002): Ore Geology Reviews 20, 139-169.
    Jiuhua Xu, Yuling Xie, and Dayi Qian (1998): Geology and Prospecting 34(6), 14-20
    • Jiangsu Province
      • Nanjing Prefecture
        • Lishui Co.
    Jianming Wang, Renzu Ning, Haohua Ding, Huimin Zhang, and Guichun Ding (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(4), 57-67, 88; Handong Qian, Wu Chen, Jin Huang, and Jiadong Xie (2000): Geological Journal of China Universities 6(2), 220-224
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Jiujiang Prefecture
        • Ruichang Co.
    Qiuming Chen (1990): Nonferrous Metallurgy Design and Research 11(4), 15-22
      • Shangrao Prefecture
        • Dexing Co.
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
            • Dexing copper mine
    Zhiqing Yu and Yongyong Sun (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(9), 1-6
          • Yinshan ore field
    Cehui Mo, Danying Liu, Zhiwen Feng, and Weihua Xia (1996): Geology and Prospecting 32(5), 1-7
    • Jilin Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Jilin Prefecture
        • Huadian Co.
          • Jiapigou ore field
    Poulsen, K.H., Taylor, B.E., Robert, F., Mortensen, J.K., Baoqin Lin, Ling Shang, Ershu Shen, and Lidong Zhang (1990): Report on the Sino-Canadian Gold Project 1987-1990. Geological Survey of Canada Open-File Report 2510
      • Yanbian Chaoxianzu Autonomous Prefecture
        • Antu Co.
    Shouzhong Feng (1998): Journal of Precious Metallic Geology 7(4), 288-292
        • Wangqing Co.
    http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt
    Hai Zhao, Xuewu Chui, and Lunxian Xun (2008): Gold Science and Technology 16(1), 48-51
        • Yanji Co.
    http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt
    Yongming Shi, Qun Zhu, and You Gao (2006): Geology and Prospecting 42(5), 23-27
    • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Fuxin Prefecture
        • Fuxin Co.
    Xiaohui Zhang, Qing Liu, Yingjun Ma, and Hui Wang (2005): Ore Geology Reviews 26, 325-348.
    • Qinghai Province
      • Hainan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Xinghai Co.
    Dongliang Yu (2008): Gold Science and Technology 16(1), 52-55
    • Shaanxi Province
      • Baoji Prefecture
        • Feng Co.
    Ruixia Su, Ping Liu, and Jan Guo (2001): Geology and Mineral Resources Research 16(1), 12-18; Hongping Li (2002): Gold 23(10), 6-9
        • Taibai Co.
    Zuoheng Zhang, Jingwen Mao, and Xiaofeng Li (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(2), 241-252; Xishun Hu (2009): Gold Science and Technology 17(2), 17-22, 27
      • Shangluo Prefecture
        • Luonan Co.
    Handong Qian, Wu Chen, Jin Huang, and Jiadong Xie (2000): Geological Journal of China Universities 6(2), 220-224
      • Weinan Prefecture
        • Tongguan Co.
    Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430.
          • Tongyu gold field
    Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430.
    • Shandong Province
      • Jiaodong Peninsula (Jiaodong Gold Province)
        • Weihai Prefecture
          • Huancui District
    Jianwei Li, Shijian Bi, and Vasconcelos, P. (2010): Geological Journal of China Universities 16(2), 125-142
          • Rushan Co.
            • Rushan ore field
    Jianchao Liu, Xufen Li, Yafei Liu, Bangyao Wang, Naizhe Mi, and Xue Zhang (2010): Geological Bulletin of China 29(9), 1319-1328
    Yuehong Deng and Fu Huang (2007): Express Information of Mining Industry 3(3), 55-58
        • Yantai Prefecture
          • Zhaoyuan Co.
    Yuan Zhang, Liandeng Liu, Jinggui Sun, Guohua Chen, Hongxi Zhang, Fuchuan Yan, and Kaichun Yang (2008): Journal of Jilin University, Earth Science Edition 38(1), 21-26; Yuan Zhang and Hongxi Zhang (2010): Gold Science and Technology 18(4), 12-16
      • Linyi Prefecture
        • Pingyi Co.
          • Tongshi complex
    Chen Yongqing and Zhao Pengda (1998): Nonrenewable Resources 7(1), 37-44; Changfu Chen, Yanbing Li, and Mingxia Jiang (1999): Geological Science and Technology Information 18(1), 60-66; Handong Qian, Wu Chen, Jin Huang, and Jiadong Xie (2000): Geological Journal of China Universities 6(2), 220-224
    Hu, H.-B., Mao, J.-W., Niu, S.-Y., Li, Y.-F., and Li, M.-W. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 87(3/4), 209-240.
    Hu, H.-B., Mao, J.-W., Niu, S.-Y., Li, Y.-F., and Li, M.-W. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 87(3/4), 209-240.
    Deping Zhu, Chao Yu, Yong Lian, Zhongchen Yang, and Kekun Qi (2001): Gold 22(8), 11-14; Zeng Qingdong, Liu Tiebing, Shen Yuanchao, and Li Guangming (2002): Journal of Geoscientific Research in Northeast Asia 5(2), 157-174
        • Yinan Co.
    Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
    • Sichuan Province
      • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Kangding Co.
          • Daduhe gold field
    Zhimin Cao (1991): Journal of Chengdu College of Technology 18(4), 26-36
      • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Zamtang Co. (Rangtang Co.)
    Jingwen Mao, Yumin Qiu, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhaochong Zhang, Garwin, S., and Ren Fengshou (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37(3/4), 352-377.
      • Ya'an Prefecture
        • Shimian Co.
    Baohua Li, Zhimin Cao, Jingfu Jin, and Chunqi Wen (1999): Scientia Geologica Sinica 34(4), 463-472; Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383; Chunqi Wen, Zhimin Cao, Baohua Li, and Xiaojun Luo (2002): Journal of Chengdu University of Technology 29(5), 526-532
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Ngari Prefecture
        • Gê'gyai Co. (Geji Co.)
    Zhijun Li, Juxing Tang, Xiaofeng Yao, Ji Duo, Hongfei Liu, Shilin Deng, Zhi Zhang, Jinshu Zhang, and Zhenghua Hu (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(6), 1149-1153; Zhenghua Hu, Feng Ding, Juxing Tang, Zhijun Li, Xiaofeng Yao, Shilin Deng, Zhi Zhang, Yiyun Wang, Hongxing Wang, Junlong Song, and Wei Chen (2012): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 33(4), 588-600
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
          • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
    Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
    Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Jingwen Mao, Sanzhong Li, Zhen Yan, and Qigui Mao (2006): Ore Geology Reviews 28, 308-328.
          • Habahe Co. (Kaba Co.; Qaba Co.)
    Chen Huayong, Chen Yanjing, and Liu Yulin (2001): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 44(3), 245-255; Huiliang Xiao, Yongguan Dong, Jiyuan Zhou, Henian Wang, Junfeng Ji, and Yu Zhao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 715-718; Jiaxin Teng and Qingming Wang (2006): Northwestern Geology 39(2), 17-33
        • Yining Co. (Ghulja Co.)
    http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn1050
    • Zhejiang Province
      • Lishui Prefecture
        • Suichang Co.
          • Suichang gold mine
    Pirajno, F., and Bagas, L. (2002): Ore Geology Reviews 20, 109-126.
      • Shaoxing Prefecture
        • Shaoxing Co.
          • Pingshui
    Pirajno, F., Bagas, L., Hickman, A.H., and Zhejiang Gold Research Team (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 35-55.
        • Zhuji Co.
          • Huangshan complex
    Pirajno, F., Bagas, L., Hickman, A.H., and Zhejiang Gold Research Team (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 35-55.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Jílové (Eule)
          • Jílové Gold mining District
            • Bohuliby
    Lapis 2000(4), 13-30
      • Liberec Region
        • Jablonec nad Nisou
          • Jílové u Držkova
    Small and microscopical minerals, Gold Shaft, Jílové, ČGO
    Dominican Republic
     
    • Sánchez Ramírez Province
      • Cotuí
    Kettler, R. M., Rye, R. O., Kesler, S. E., Meyers, P. A., Polanco, J., & Russell, N. (1992). Gold deposition by sulfidation of ferrous Fe in the lacustrine sediments of the Pueblo Viejo district (Dominican Republic): The effect of Fe–C–S diagenesis on later hydrothermal mineralization in a Maar-Diatreme complex. Chemical geology, 99(1), 29-50.
    Egypt
     
    • Red Sea Governorate
      • Eastern Desert
        • Qift area (Kift area; Coptos area)
    Osman A. M., Pieczonka J., Piestrzyński A. 2002: Relationships between gold and tellurides in the El Sid gold deposit, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 33, no 2, 15-26
    El Salvador
     
    • La Unión Department
    American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 272-273
    Fiji
     
    • Vanua Levu
      • Wailevu
        • Yanawai Goldfield
    Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
    • Viti Levu
      • Tavua Gold Field
        • Vatukoula
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
    16th Australian Geological Convention, Adelaide, ; Spry, P. G., & Scherbarth, N. L. (2006). The gold–vanadium–tellurium association at the Tuvatu gold–silver prospect, Fiji: conditions of ore deposition. Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 171-186
    J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.
    Finland
     
    • Eastern Finland Region
    Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp (p.346)
    Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Pampalo(Ward)-Gold Database.
    • Lapland Region
      • Ylitornio
    Nebocat, J., & Eng, P. (2011) Progress Report on the Geology, Mineralization and Exploration Activities on the Rompas Gold-Uranium Property.
    • Northern Finland Region
      • Kuusamo
    Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Hangaslampi - Gold Database
    Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
    Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Konttiaho - Gold Database
    Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Sivakkaharju - Gold Database
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
      • Orivesi
    Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
    Georgia
     
    • Kvemo Kartli Region
      • Bolnisi District
    Ramaz Migineishvili (2005) Hybrid nature of the Madneuli Cu-Au deposit, Georgia. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
    • Racha-Lochkhumi-Kvemo Svaneti Region
      • Svaneti District
    Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.
    Ghana
     
    • Western Region
      • Ashanti gold belt
        • Obuasi
    Mineralogical Magazine 1990 54 : 617-627
    Greece
     
    • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
      • Kykládes Prefecture
        • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
          • Tinos Island
    Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
    • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
      • Évros Prefecture
        • Alexandroupoli (Alexandroupolis)
    Panagiotis Christos Voudouris, Vasilios Melfos, Paul G. Spry, Robert Moritz, Constantinos Papavassiliou und George Falalakis (2011): Mineralogy and geochemical environment of formation of the Perama Hill high-sulfidation epithermal Au-Ag-Te-Se deposit, Petrota Graben, NE Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 103, 79-100.
    Guyana
     
    • Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo Region
      • Omai
    www.mineralogicalassociation.ca/doc/abstracts/cm3_Vol37_Jun99.pdf.
    Gabriel Voicu (1999) Geology, Geochemistry and Metallogeny of the Omai Gold Deposit, Guiana Shield, South America. PhD Thesis University of Quebec Chicoutimi.
    Honduras
     
    • Choluteca Department
    www.mineralmundi.com
    Hungary
     
    • Heves Co.
      • Mátra Mtns
        • Parádfürdő
    Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
    Szakáll & Jánosi : Minerals of Hungary, 1995
    India
     
    • Jharkhand
      • Singhbhum District
        • Jadugora (Jadugoda; Jaduguda)
    Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
    • Karnataka
      • Kolar District
        • Kolar Gold Fields
          • Central Schist Belt
    Mishra, B., and Panigrahi, M.K. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 173-181.
    Iran
     
    • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
      • Golpayegan County
        • Golpayegan (Golpayan)
          • Mooteh District (Muteh District)
    http://www.min-eng.com/protected/app03ex/muteh.doc
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Medio Campidano Province
        • Furtei
    Fadda, S., Fiori, M., & Grillo, S. M. (2005). Chemical variations in tetrahedrite-tennantite minerals from the Furtei epithermal Au deposit, Sardinia, Italy: Mineral zoning and ore fluids evolution. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 79-84.
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Iburi Province
    Mineralogical Journal Vol. 14 (1989) , No. 7 pp 299-302
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Shizuoka Prefecture
          • Shimoda City
            • Rendaiji
    Int Geol Congr (2008) Oslo. MRD-09
    Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    Kyrgyzstan
     
    • Issyk-Kul'skaya Oblast
    http://homepage.usask.ca/~smi454/project/articles/gold2000_ext_abs.htm
    Mongolia
     
    • Ömnögovi Aimag
      • Öldzeyte Suma
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Norway
     
    • Finnmark
    Dahll, T. (1891): Om fjeldbygningen i Finnmarken og guldets forekomst sammesteds. I. Det nordlige Norges geologi. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 4, 1-21 (p.21)
      • Kautokeino
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68 (p. 35).
    Papua New Guinea
     
    • Eastern Highlands Province
      • Kainantu
    ESPI, Joseph O., SPRY, Paul G., HAYASHI, Ken-ichiro, KOMURO, Kosei, and MURAKAMI, HiroyasuTHE BILIMOIA AU-BI-W-TE DEPOSIT, KAINANTU, PAPUA NEW GUINEA: GEOLOGY, MINERALOGY, AND CONDITIONS OF FORMATION 2006, Geological Society of America, Philadelphia Annual Meeting (22–25 October 2006)
    • Sandaun Province (West Sepik Province)
      • Frieda river complex
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
    Philippines
     
    • Luzon
      • Cordillera Administrative Region
        • Benguet Province
          • Baguio District
    Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1996) 91:243-272; Callow, K. J., & Worley, J. (1965). The occurrence of telluride minerals at the Acupan gold mine, Mountain Province, Philippines. Economic Geology, 60(2), 251-268.
    Romania
     
    • Hunedoara Co.
      • Brad
    Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
      • Deva
    No reference listed
    Simon, G., Alderton, D. H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Bleser, T. (1995). Tellurantimony in Romania: first occurrences in Europe. Mineralogy and Petrology, 53(1-3), 115-124.
    • Maramureș Co.
      • Cavnic (Kapnic; Kapnik)
    Cristeastan, Daniela, Constantinescu, B., Chiojdeanu, C., Ceccato, D., Pacheco, C., & Pichon, L. (2012) Micro-Pixe And XRF Studies On Native Gold From Cavnic Ore Deposit (Baia Mare District). Rom. Journ. Phys., Vol. 57, Nos. 3–4, P. 594–606
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Bodaibo
            • Lena Gold District
              • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
    http://www.igem.ru/igem/chem/pt/sukhloge.htm
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Aldan Shield
          • Aldan
    A.Ya. Kochetkov (2006) Mesozoic Gold-Bearing Ore-Magmatic Systems Of Central Aldan. Russian Geology and Geophysics 47:850-864
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Chitinskaya Oblast'
    Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Amurskaya Oblast'
    Vakh, A. S., Moiseenko, V. G., Stepanov, V. A., & Avchenko, O. V. (2009, March). The Berezitovy gold-base metal deposit. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 425, No. 1, pp. 253-255). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
    Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
      • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
        • Kuril Islands
          • Kunashir Island
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Monche-Tundra
    Yury L. Voytekhovsky, Yury N. Neradovsky (2008) The Cu-Ni-PGE and Cr deposits of the Monchegorsk area, the Kola Peninsula, Russia. 33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Urals Region
      • Middle Urals
        • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
          • Kirovgrad
    Vikent'ev, I.V., Moloshag, V.P. and Yudovskaya, M.A. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 77-107.
          • Rezh District
    D. Krinov data
      • Southern Urals
        • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
          • Uchaly
    Vikent'ev, I.V., Moloshag, V.P. and Yudovskaya, M.A. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 77-107.
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
          • Karabash (Karabasch)
    Vikent'ev, I.V., Moloshag, V.P. and Yudovskaya, M.A. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 77-107.
          • Pervomayskiy
    Lehmann, B., Heinhorst, J., Hein, U., Neumann, M., Weisser, J.D., and Fedesejev, V. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 241-249.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
        • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
          • Gay
    Vikent'ev, I.V., Moloshag, V.P. and Yudovskaya, M.A. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 77-107.
    Saudi Arabia
     
    • Mintaqah Tabuk
      • Wejh
    Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
    South Africa
     
    • Free State Province
    Minerals of South Africa
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Almería
        • Níjar
    A. Arribas, F. Hernández, M. A. Fernández Périz, J. Gröbner, G. Leal (2005): Rodalquilar - El oro del capo del ágata. BOCAMINA 15, 12-88.
    Sweden
     
    • Hälsingland
      • Ljusdal
    No reference listed
    • Lappland
      • Malå
      • Vittangi
    IMA 18th General Meeting, Programme with Abstracts, 266
    • Värmland
      • Arvika
        • Glava
    Cook, N. J.,Ciobanu, C.L.& Danushevskiy, L, (2007): LA-ICP-MS determination of gold in Bi-chalcogenides from four deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, 23-30; Scherbina, A. S. (1941): The gold-rich chalcocite-bornite deposit of Glava in Vermland, Sweden, and its geological setting. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Geol., Beilage-Band, 76A, 377-458.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
    Switzerland
     
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Maggia Valley
        • Bavona Valley
          • Calnègia Valley
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 92
    Taiwan
     
    • Taiwan Province
      • New Taipei City
        • Ruifang District
          • Jinguashi Mine (Chinkuashih Mine)
    Hwang, J. Y and Meyer, H O A (1982) The Mineral Chemistry and Genesis of the Chinkuashih ore deposits, Taiwan. Proceedings of the Geological Society of China 25:88-101
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Juneau Borough
    Econ Geol (1995) 90:343-368
        • Juneau District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
    [MinRec 24:421]
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 150; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
    • California
      • Calaveras Co.
        • Mother Lode Belt
          • Carson Hill District
    www.mineralsocal.org
    Genth, Frederick Augustus (1868); Contributions to mineralogy, No. 7: American Journal of Science, 2nd. series: 45: 314; Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 309, 388; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 116, 286; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 109.
    Genth F A (1868) Contributions to mineralogy - No. VII, The American Journal of Science and Arts: 312, 314; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 105, 109.
          • Melones District
            • Melones
    Genth, Frederick Augustus (1868); Contributions to mineralogy, No. 7: American Journal of Science, 2nd. series: 45: 314; Dana 6: 1095; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 109; Mineralogical Record (1989) 20:129-142
        • Robinson's Ferry
    Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp. (includes catalog of minerals of California pp. 63-410), and miscellaneous observations on mineral products): 68; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 116; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 110.
      • El Dorado Co.
        • American Flat
          • Rock Creek
    Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition: 336; Clark, Wm. B. & D.W. Carlson (1956), Mines and mineral resources of El Dorado County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 52(4): 496; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 116, 286; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 109, 110.; Irelan, W. jr. (1893) Report of the state mineralogist, Issue 11
      • Tuolumne Co.
        • Mother Lode Belt
          • Jamestown District
            • Jamestown
              • Jamestown Mine (Jamestown group)
                • Jumper & Golden Rule group (Jumper Mine; Jumper claim; Jumper deposit; New Era claim)
    Dana 7:I:206; Dana 6:1097; Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp. (includes catalog of minerals of California pp. 63-410), and miscellaneous observations on mineral products): 104; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 116.
    • Colorado
      • Boulder Co.
        • Gold Hill District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
          • Gold Hill
    Minerals of Colorado (1997)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997)
          • Jamestown
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
          • Kekionga Mine
    U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Costilla Co.
        • Grayback District (Russell District)
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Hinsdale Co.
        • Lake City District (Lake District)
          • Lake City
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Dana 6:1090.
        • Park District (Whitecross District; Burrows Park District; Adams District)
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • La Plata Co.
        • La Plata District (California District)
    R & K Metals and Mining - Bob Ross - Part owner of the Bessie G
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Lake Co.
        • Leadville District
          • Leadville
            • Iron Hill
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Ouray Co.
        • San Juan Mts
    U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1753
      • San Juan Co.
        • Animas District
          • Little Giant Peak
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Eureka District
          • Gladstone
            • Bonita Peak
    Rocks & Min.: 63: 366-384.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Teller Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    Econ Geol (1985) 80:1669-1688
          • Anaconda
    Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 54
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    Linda Semenyna P.Geo. (2014) at FLSmidth. Mineral Identification and Analysis MP-1 thru MP-12. Pg. 2, 13.
    John Betts specimen No. 20460
    Rocks & Min.: 24:236.; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
    U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
          • Eclipse Gulch
    Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
    Econ Geol (1985) 80:1669-1688
    Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    2009 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
    U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    Min.Rec.: 21:103.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    USGS Professional Paper 54
    • Georgia
      • Haralson Co.
    Matrix 11:4 pp 181-190
      • Lumpkin Co.
    Callahan,J.E., J.R Craig, and T.N Solberg,1995, Telluride mineralization of the southeastern United States - Southeastern Geology 35: 139- 151
        • Dahlonega
    John e.Callahan,James R.Craig,and Todd N.Solberg,Telluride Mineralization of the Southeastern United States,Southeastern Geology,V.35 No.3,Sep.1995,pgs.139-151
    • Montana
      • Fergus Co.
        • Warm Springs District (Gilt Edge District; Gold Hill District; Maiden District)
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
      • Jefferson Co.
        • Whitehall District (Cardwell District)
    Spry, P.G., Foster, F., Truckle, J.S., and Chadwick, T.H. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 143-164.; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1985) 80:1689-1706; Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
      • Madison Co.
        • Norwegian District (Whitehall District)
    Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 871-876
      • Phillips Co.
        • Little Rockies District
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
    • Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
        • Goldfield District
          • Goldfield
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Osgood Mts
          • Potosi District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Mineral Co.
        • Rand District
          • Brovard
            • Randall Property
    NBMG Open File Report 79-3
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Nye Co.
        • Nellis Air Force Range
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Paradise Peak District
    Econ Geol (1994) 89:1228-1248
    • New Mexico
      • Sierra Co.
        • Chloride District
          • Phillipsburg Area
    Northrup, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Taos Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
          • Bitter Creek
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Montgomery Co.
        • Carolina Slate Belt
    Callahan,J.E., J.R Craig, and T.N. Solberg,1995, Telluride mineralization of the southeastern United States, Southeastern Geology 35: 139- 151
    • South Dakota
      • Lawrence Co.
        • Lead District
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    • Utah
      • Salt Lake Co.
        • Oquirrh Mts
          • Bingham District (West Mountain District)
    North, Jerry (2010) Displays of Nature : History, Minerals & Crystals of Utah's Bingham Canyon Copper Mine.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Summit Co.
        • Wasatch Mts
          • Park City District (Uinta District)
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Tooele Co.
        • Deep Creek Mts
          • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Utah Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • East Tintic District
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Washington
      • Chelan Co.
        • Wenatchee District
          • Wenatchee
            • Squillchuck Creek
    Lasmanis, R. (1995): Mineral News: A Compendium of Wenatchee District Mineralogy, Chelan County, Washington, p.6-7
      • Ferry Co.
        • Curlew Lake
    Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.64
        • Republic District
          • Flag Hill
    Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.63
          • Republic
            • Klondike Mountain
    Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.64
      • Okanogan Co.
        • Wannacut Lake District
          • Bullfrog Mountain
    Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.64
      • Whatcom Co.
        • Mount Baker District
          • Twin Lakes
    Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.64
        • Slate Creek District
          • Harts Pass
    Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975
          • Pasayten Peak
    Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.64
          • Shull Mountain
    Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.64
    • Wisconsin
      • Marathon Co.
        • Rib Mountain
    [MinRec 12:95]; Rocks and Minerals, (1987) 62:188-195
        • Wausau pluton
    Rocks & Min.: 62: 188.
      • Taylor Co.
        • Gilman
    R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index; Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 42nd Annual Meeting, Cable, WI, v. 42, part 2, 179 p.
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
      • Angren Region
        • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
    Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56; Eleonora A. Dunin-Barkovskaya, Umid K. Aripov, L.A. Tsoy, M.A. Kim (2005) Mineralogical features and ore-forming conditions of goldbearing deposits of Uzbekistan. GEOCHMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY 43 SOFIA pp 69-74
    Rustam Koneev, Evgeniy Ignatikov, Arpay Turesebekov, Umid Aripov, Rustam Khalmatov, Obidjon Kodirov, Miraziz Usmanov (2005) Gold ore deposits of Uzbekistan: Geochemistry and nanomineralogy of tellurium and selenium. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005; GEOCHMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • 4 3 • SOFIA pp 69-74; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Spry, P. G., & Voudouris, P. (2009). Understanding gold-(silver)-telluride-(selenide) mineral deposits. Episodes, 32(4), 249.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
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