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Ancient Minning Kingdom

Last Updated: 26th Oct 2019

By Kuba Kornaga

Poland is a country which, as a result of natural transformations and landforms, lies within one of the most interesting and richest in natural resources places in this part of the world. This area, along with several other neighboring countries, has a powerful natural heritage in the form of numerous and diverse mineral deposits, thanks to which our civilization is developing.

Poland is a country in which for decades, and even longer, the fact that this country was a dynamically developing mining country is being overlooked and erased. This is evidenced by, for example, the number of mines marked on the map on Mindat.org and their resources, which are currently being undermined and negated, and even removed from the pages of history, often claiming that they are already exhausted or none at all. Please also look at the age and time for which the beginnings of some mining ventures date back to many regions of our country.

Unfortunately, at the turn of the century and in connection with the numerous invasions and wars over these areas, the entire culture and history were often destroyed. Attempts have been made many times to obliterate all traces of our rich history of mining, quarrying and metallurgy, for example by destroying and burning the oldest chronicles and other written collections. It even happened in the 20th century and it continues to this day. In some cases, this knowledge has been stolen and is stored in the institutions of other countries. This often leads to such a bizarre situation, in which other nations have more knowledge about the resources of our land than we do. Numerous mines and excavations are backfilled and flooded, which over time all knowledge disappears. The names and borders of some regions change many times, which also causes confusion and confusion. Decades ago, many artificial water reservoirs were created, often in areas rich in ore deposits as well as in the oldest human settlements created on this land. Today they are called lakes, and practically nothing is mentioned about the fact that they were created artificially. Such an example is the Turawskie Lake (Hitlersee), under which ancient settlements or castles of the population living in these areas were discovered. Nowadays, there are "legal acquisitions" of some regions. The area around Suwałki, rich in high-percentage iron ore and other rare earth elements, was "awarded" for the construction of an American military base. Ground-based works are already carried out there, but as it has been done many times in our history, they are not carried out for us, for Poles. Many such strategically important and rich places are transformed into nature reserves and landscape parks that appear like mushrooms after rain, in the name of nature and ecology. It is a pity that all these treatments cause that our country is still "poor", and all our wealth is constantly sought-after by other nations or put aside in the background, as it is done by putting money in the bank into the so-called black hour.

Already during the Stone Age, mining work was carried out around the Świętokrzyskie Mountains in the form of hollow shafts in Jurassic rocks. Nowadays tourism combined with providing historical plots and evidence has developed well in this region. It is associated with the promotion and sharing of regions rich in various discoveries from this period. Whole settlements appear and more and more manually drilled tunnels are being excavated. Flints were mined there, which were used to manufacture tools and elements of weapons. The most interesting of this region is the so-called striped flint, which has gained recognition around the world. Due to its specific charm and aesthetic value, it was used as a decorative stone. And today it also adorns many collections and mineral collections as well as the largest museums.

The mining, mining and metallurgical industries are even long before Christ. The Iron Age was largely based on deposits from these areas. In the Opole region, in the vicinity of the Mała Panew River, there was once a center of iron smelting and production. Also in Lower Silesia, in many river basins it was difficult to obtain and process bog ores. There was an increased production of iron weapons, most likely used by the Romans themselves. As can be seen from the artifacts found in those times, these are mainly coins. It was not steel from the top shelf, because, as you know, Roman swords were often chipped and even broken. However, these were easily available deposits and most importantly, they were cheap to mine and in addition they were renewable. They did not deplete quickly, as was the case in iron ore deposits in other parts of the world.

Hundreds of years ago, the famous "Amber Route" was created, which spread all over Europe and Asia. Inhabitants of the Baltic coast had to extract it in large quantities, since this route was considered the most important for many centuries and recorded so dynamically in the history of the largest powers of the time.

The coal and anthracite deposits that are said to be depleted today or that they are not profitable or cause too much environmental pollution, citing the term famed in Europe, commonly referred to as "smog". In fact, these deposits are still huge. Mining in this country is blocked, and in, for example, Mongolia, a country that until recently was considered a "third world country," has been extensively exploited. Coal mining is not only thermal energy, but also a large part of the fuel industry. Poland, unfortunately, is dependent in this respect on other countries, even as distant as Saudi Arabia. During World War II, coal was used to produce gasoline and other synthetic fuels. Production was enormous and managed to fuel the entire "iron war machine" of the Third Reich. Production was located mainly in Silesia in the cities of Zdzieszowice and Bytom. Factories were established in Upper Silesia, as well as in Police, which were later bombed by Allied forces.

You cannot miss precious stones, such as rubies and sapphires, or even less valuable decorative stones, which included the famous chrysoprases from around Szklary. Their value often exceeded the most expensive precious metals, such as gold or silver, which usually served as an addition to precious stones. Such products often landed at the most important royal courts of many powers. For hundreds of years, many treasure hunters from all over Europe came to the mountain regions of the Sudetes. The Walloonians, who for centuries were looking for and recognizing valuable deposits, gained the most knowledge about them.

Gold and silver are also several centuries of tradition (at least those remembered), which today can be supported by the only coal deposit recognized in the world to date, which is "contaminated", among others, with gold. It has gold admixtures, similar to Upper Silesian coal, pyrite. These are deposits on the eastern borders of the country, where soon the country bordering Poland, and which also has a part of this deposit, is to begin mining soon. The sites of old gold-bearing mining plots are sold to foreign shareholders who are willing to buy them. Polish entrepreneurs are blocked, and even do not allow any work related to this. According to modern research, one of the most profitable gold deposits are in the Radzimowice area, but they are occupied by Australians. There are large deposits of zinc and lead ore in Lower Silesia, of which silver has been melted in the past. Old mines were flooded, razed to the ground and nature reserves were created in their place.

Until recently, Polish KGHM was a leading copper producer in the world. Today, this company is forced to look for and buy mining plots on other continents. If they don't, the company will go bankrupt. And this is due to the resale by the state of large quantities of land, bordering KGHM, to shareholders of other countries.

Before the Soviet Republic recognized uranium deposits, the extraction of these ores was carried out on a large scale in Poland and in several other neighboring countries. This process was one of the greatest secrets of post-war Poland. And the very process of exploration and extraction of uranium ore was top secret. The largest intelligence services such as the CIA also became interested in this, thanks to which we know about the creation of a uranium mine in Głubczyce (1958). However, there is no mention of this in the Polish archives. Some of these resources were also infamously recorded in the history of the whole world, as it was used, inter alia, to produce destructive weapons and partly influenced the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union, which also had global effects.

History shows many similar cases that are forgotten today and not taken into account, only in this country. And natural resources are distributed left and right in order to enrich individual units, and not the entire Polish nation.

Over the centuries but much earlier, these areas were migrated by various nationalities, tempted mainly by the possibility of enriching themselves quickly and gaining huge treasures hidden in the land of this region. Some of them also claim a "right" to their "property", just because they deserve, for example, the recognition of certain deposits. The extraction itself, however, was largely carried out by permanent residents of these areas, and the land itself, as it turned out long ago, so rich and rich in various deposits and ores, is still in place, within the borders of our country. She doesn't move, only people keep coming to her, even from the most distant corners of the world.

Today's area of ​​Poland is the "Ancient Mining Kingdom" of all of Europe, and through the migration of countries from other continents, also the whole world.


(It's just, in short - a translation from "Google translate", so there may be various errors)




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