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Subarctic climate

Köppen Code: Dfc
D : Cold (continental)
f : Without dry season
c : Cold summer


View Index of Climate Classification Types

Cold (continental) without dry season, cold summer.

The coldest month averaging below 0 °C (32 °F) and 1–3 months averaging above 10 °C (50 °F).

No significant precipitation difference between seasons.

Related climatic classifications
DfaHot-summer humid continental climate
DfbWarm-summer humid continental climate
DfdExtremely cold subarctic climate
DsaHot, dry-summer continental climate
DsbWarm, dry-summer continental climate
DscDry-summer subarctic climate
DwaMonsoon-influenced hot-summer humid continental climate
DwbMonsoon-influenced warm-summer humid continental climate
DwcMonsoon-influenced subarctic climate
DwdMonsoon-influenced extremely cold subarctic climate


A selection of mineral localities found in this climate zone.

Sweet Home Mine (Home Sweet Home Mine; Sweet Home lode and Pulaski lode [Patents 106 and 107]), Mount Bross, Alma District, Park Co., Colorado, USA
Rapid Creek, Dawson mining district, Yukon, Canada
Nagar (Nagir), Hunza Valley, Gilgit District, Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas), Pakistan
Sunnyside Mine group (American Tunnel Mine; American Tunnel; Gold King Mine; Washington Mine; Belle Creole; Gold Prince; Brenneman Mine; Mogul Mine), Bonita Peak, Gladstone, Eureka District, San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
Malmberget, Gällivare, Lappland, Sweden
Sponda Alp - Pizzo Forno, Chironico Valley, Leventina, Ticino (Tessin), Switzerland
Eagle Mine (New Jersey Zinc Eagle Mine; Gilman Mine; Wilkesbarre shaft; Newhouse tunnel; Little Chief Mine; Iron Mask Mine; Belden Mine; Black Iron Mine), Gilman, Gilman District (Battle Mountain District; Red Cliff District), Eagle Co., Colorado, USA
Silver tunnel, Van Silver Property (Van Silver Mine; Van Silver Claims), Brandywine Creek, Vancouver Mining Division, British Columbia, Canada
Mt. Cervandone area (Scherbadung; Cherbadung), Devero Alp, Baceno, Devero Valley, Antigorio Valley, Ossola Valley, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province, Piedmont, Italy
Stillwater Complex, Nye, Stillwater Co., Montana, USA
Garpenberg Norra Mine (North), Garpenberg, Hedemora, Dalarna, Sweden
Bastnäs Mines, Riddarhyttan, Skinnskatteberg, Västmanland, Sweden
Calumet Mine (Calumet; Calumet No. 2; Hecla; Hecla No. 2; Calumet Iron Mine; Calumet-Hecla-Smithville Magnetite deposit; Patented Placer claims: Calumet; Hecla-Williamson; Smithville No. 2; CF&I Company Mine), Turret District, Chaffee Co., Colorado, USA
Camp Bird Mine, Camp Bird, Sneffels District (Sneffels - Red Mountain District; Mount Sneffels District), Ouray, Ouray District, San Juan Mts, Ouray Co., Colorado, USA
Gaspé Copper mine (Gaspé mine; Copper Mountain mine; Needle Mountain mine), Murdochville, La Côte-de-Gaspé RCM, Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Québec, Canada
Port Radium District, Great Bear Lake, Mackenzie District, Northwest Territories, Canada
Giant Yellowknife Mine (Giant Mine), Yellowknife, Mackenzie District, Northwest Territories, Canada
Simplon Railway tunnel (north section), Simplon pass area, Brig, Wallis (Valais), Switzerland
Kongsberg, Buskerud, Norway
Crystal Peak area, Park Co., Colorado, USA
Martin Lake mine, Beaverlodge Lake area, Saskatchewan, Canada
Traversella Mine, Traversella, Chiusella Valley, Canavese District, Torino Province, Piedmont, Italy
British Columbia Molybdenum Ltd. Mine, Patsy Creek, Kitsault, Alice Arm, Skeena Mining Division, British Columbia, Canada
Yubileinaya pegmatite (Yubileinoye; Jubilejnaja), Karnasurt Mt, Lovozero Massif, Murmanskaya Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
Strange Lake complex (Lac Brisson complex), Québec & Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada
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