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Extremely cold subarctic climate

Köppen Code: Dfd
D : Cold (continental)
f : Without dry season
d : Very cold winter


View Index of Climate Classification Types

Cold (continental) without dry season, very cold winter.

The coldest month averaging below ?38 °C (?36.4 °F) and 1–3 months averaging above 10 °C (50 °F).

No significant precipitation difference between seasons.

Related climatic classifications
DfaHot-summer humid continental climate
DfbWarm-summer humid continental climate
DfcSubarctic climate
DsaHot, dry-summer continental climate
DsbWarm, dry-summer continental climate
DscDry-summer subarctic climate
DwaMonsoon-influenced hot-summer humid continental climate
DwbMonsoon-influenced warm-summer humid continental climate
DwcMonsoon-influenced subarctic climate
DwdMonsoon-influenced extremely cold subarctic climate


A selection of mineral localities found in this climate zone.

Onello meteorite, Bol'shoy Dolguchan River, Onello River basin, Aldan shield, Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Russia
Sarylakh Au-Sb deposit, Indigirka River Basin, Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Russia
Senduchen occurrence, Men-Kyule River, Verkhoyansk Range, Lena River Basin, Bulun District, Polar Yakutia, Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Russia
Komsomolsky open-pit mine (Komsomol'skaya pipe), Alakit-Markha, Daldyn-Alakit kimberlite field, Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Russia
Sytykanskaya pipe, Alakit-Markha, Daldyn-Alakit kimberlite field, Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Russia
Deputatskoe Sn deposit, Deputatsky ore cluster, Verkhoyansk Silver Province, Verkhoyansk Fold Belt, Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Russia
Bol’shaya Balakhnya River, Taimyr Peninsula, Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia
Upper Seymchan Deposit, Seymchan ore cluster, Magadan Oblast, Russia
Kurpandzha Cu deposit, Allakh-Yun', Aldan Shield, Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Russia
Volochek Occurrence, Seymchan ore cluster, Magadan Oblast, Russia
Deputatsky ore cluster, Verkhoyansk Silver Province, Verkhoyansk Fold Belt, Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Russia
Zapolyarny open-pit mine (Zapolyarnaya pipe), Upper Muna kimberlite field (Verkhne-Munskoe; Verkhnemunsky), Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Russia
Zimnaya pipe, Upper Muna kimberlite field (Verkhne-Munskoe; Verkhnemunsky), Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Russia
Novinka pipe, Upper Muna kimberlite field (Verkhne-Munskoe; Verkhnemunsky), Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Russia
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