SUPPORT US. If is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

The Köppen Climate Classification

The Köppen Climate Classification divides the Earth's climate into five main climate groups:

  • A (tropical)
  • B (dry)
  • C (temperate)
  • D (continental)
  • E (polar)

These are subdivided by seasonal precipitation and heat.

It was first published by the Russian-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen and others, notably Rudolf Geiger, hence the system is sometimes also called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.

The map below shows the distribution (as of the 2006) of climatic zones on the land surface of the Earth to an approximate accuracy of 0.5 degrees. Click on any climate classification type for more details.

Ref: Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130.

Climatic Classifications
CodeDescriptionGroupPrecipitation TypeLevel of Heat
AfTropical rainforest climateTropicalRainforest
AmTropical monsoon climateTropicalMonsoon
AsTropical dry savanna climateTropicalSavanna, Dry
AwTropical savanna, wetTropicalSavanna, Wet
BShHot semi-arid (steppe) climateAridSteppeHot
BSkCold semi-arid (steppe) climateAridSteppeCold
BWhHot deserts climateAridDesertHot
BWkCold desert climateAridDesertCold
CfaHumid subtropical climateTemperateWithout dry seasonHot summer
CfbTemperate oceanic climateTemperateWithout dry seasonWarm summer
CfcSubpolar oceanic climateTemperateWithout dry seasonCold summer
CsaHot-summer Mediterranean climateTemperateDry summerHot summer
CsbWarm-summer Mediterranean climateTemperateDry summerWarm summer
CscCool-summer Mediterranean climateTemperateDry summerCold summer
CwaMonsoon-influenced humid subtropical climateTemperateDry winterHot summer
CwbSubtropical highland climate or temperate oceanic climate with dry wintersTemperateDry winterWarm summer
CwcCold subtropical highland climate or subpolar oceanic climate with dry wintersTemperateDry winterCold summer
DfaHot-summer humid continental climateCold (continental)Without dry seasonHot summer
DfbWarm-summer humid continental climateCold (continental)Without dry seasonWarm summer
DfcSubarctic climateCold (continental)Without dry seasonCold summer
DfdExtremely cold subarctic climateCold (continental)Without dry seasonVery cold winter
DsaHot, dry-summer continental climateCold (continental)Dry summerHot summer
DsbWarm, dry-summer continental climateCold (continental)Dry summerWarm summer
DscDry-summer subarctic climateCold (continental)Dry summerCold summer
DwaMonsoon-influenced hot-summer humid continental climateCold (continental)Dry winterHot summer
DwbMonsoon-influenced warm-summer humid continental climateCold (continental)Dry winterWarm summer
DwcMonsoon-influenced subarctic climateCold (continental)Dry winterCold summer
DwdMonsoon-influenced extremely cold subarctic climateCold (continental)Dry winterVery cold winter
EFIce cap climatePolarIce cap

Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 15, 2019 22:24:36
Go to top of page