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The Mineralogy of Sodium

General Properties
Atomic Number:11
Standard atomic weight (Ar):22.98976928(2)
Electron configuration:[Ne] 3s1
Atomic Properties
Electronegativity (Pauling scale):0.93
Atomic Radius:190 pm
Ionic Radius:102 pm (+1)
Van der Waals Radius:227 pm
1st Ionization energy:496 kJ/mol
1st Electron affinity:-53 kJ/mol
Oxidation States:-1,1
Physical Properties
Standard State:solid
Bonding Type:metallic
Melting Point:371 K
Boiling Point:1156 K
Density:0.97 g/cm3
Metal/Non-Metal:alkali metal
Main isotopes of Sodium
Isotope% in NatureHalf LifeDecay typeDecay product
Main ions of Sodium
NameIonExample minerals
Other Information
Year Discovered:1807
Discovered By:
Humphry Davy
Named For:From the English "soda"
CPK color coding:#AB5CF2
External Links:WikipediaWebElementsLos Alamos National LaboratoryTheodore Gray's
Simple Compounds and Mineral Names
Sulfidesdisodium sulphideNa2S+1
disodium persulphideNa2S2+1
disodium trisulphideNa2S3+1
disodium hexasulphideNa2S6+1
disodium tetrasulphideNa2S4+1
disodium pentasulphideNa2S5+1
disodium sulphide pentahydrateNa2S · 5H2O+1
disodium sulphide nonahydrateNa2S · 9H2O+1
Selenidesdisodium selenideNa2Se+1
Telluridesdisodium tellurideNa2Te+1
Hydridessodium hydrideNaH+1
Fluoridessodium fluorideNaF+1Villiaumite
Chloridessodium chlorideNaCl+1Halite
Iodidessodium iodideNaI+1
Oxidesdisodium oxideNa2O+1
sodium peroxideNa2O2+1
sodium superoxideNaO2+1
Mineral Diversity of Sodium
2. Sulfides And Sulfosalts 8 valid mineral species
3. Halides27 valid mineral species
4. Oxides 36 valid mineral species
5. Carbonates 61 valid mineral species
6. Borates20 valid mineral species
7. Sulfates 65 valid mineral species
8. Phosphates, Arsenates, Vanadates133 valid mineral species
9. Silicates 449 valid mineral species
10. Organic Compounds6 valid mineral species
Total:805 valid species containing essential Sodium
Geochemistry of Sodium
Goldschmidt classification:Lithophile
Na+ is one of the eight most abundant solutes in average river water.
Elemental Abundance for Sodium
Crust (CRC Handbook)2.36 x 10-2mass fraction, kg/kg
Crust (Kaye & Laby)2.3 x 10-2mass fraction, kg/kg
Crust (Greenwood)2.2700 x 10-2mass fraction, kg/kg
Crust (Ahrens/Taylor)2.3000 x 10-2mass fraction, kg/kg
Crust (Ahrens/Wänke)2.4400 x 10-2mass fraction, kg/kg
Crust (Ahrens/Weaver)3.1000 x 10-2mass fraction, kg/kg
Upper Crust (Ahrens/Taylor)2.89 x 10-2mass fraction, kg/kg
Upper Crust (Ahrens/Shaw)2.57 x 10-2mass fraction, kg/kg
Sea Water (CRC Handbook)1.08 x 10-2mass per volume fraction, kg/L
Sea Water (Kaye & Laby)1.1 x 10-2mass per volume fraction, kg/L
The Sun (Kaye & Laby)6.0 x 10-2atom mole fraction relative to Si=1
Solar System (Kaye & Laby)5.7 x 10-2atom mole fraction relative to Si=1
Solar System (Ahrens)5.74 x 10-2 (7.1%)atom mole fraction relative to Si=1 (% uncertainty)
Element association of Sodium in the Mineral World
This table compares the known valid mineral species listed listed with Sodium and the other elements listed based on the official IMA formula. Note that unlike other sections on this page this includes non-essential elements.

The first data column contains the total number of minerals listed with Sodium and the element listed for that row.

The second data column lists this number as a percentage of all minerals listed with Sodium.

The final data column compares this percentage against the percentage of all minerals that contain the element listed in each row.

Click on a heading to sort.
ElementValid Minerals listed with element and Sodium% of Na mineralsRelative to % in all minerals
Oxygen3029 minerals with Na and O97.58%25.48% higher
Hydrogen2040 minerals with Na and H65.72%21.17% higher
Silicon1742 minerals with Na and Si56.12%104.52% higher
Calcium1207 minerals with Na and Ca38.89%63.87% higher
Aluminium927 minerals with Na and Al29.86%53.01% higher
Iron756 minerals with Na and Fe24.36%14.43% higher
Potassium684 minerals with Na and K22.04%141.71% higher
Fluorine593 minerals with Na and F19.10%152.55% higher
Magnesium574 minerals with Na and Mg18.49%44.36% higher
Titanium490 minerals with Na and Ti15.79%137.21% higher
Manganese479 minerals with Na and Mn15.43%43.68% higher
Phosphorus441 minerals with Na and P14.21%24.82% higher
Sulfur412 minerals with Na and S13.27%34.63% lower
Carbon316 minerals with Na and C10.18%34.90% higher
Chlorine276 minerals with Na and Cl8.89%23.67% higher
Barium242 minerals with Na and Ba7.80%75.50% higher
Zirconium234 minerals with Na and Zr7.54%238.03% higher
Niobium230 minerals with Na and Nb7.41%157.96% higher
Strontium205 minerals with Na and Sr6.60%166.31% higher
Boron200 minerals with Na and B6.44%27.61% higher
Arsenic161 minerals with Na and As5.19%56.35% lower
Cerium160 minerals with Na and Ce5.15%80.57% higher
Lithium152 minerals with Na and Li4.90%142.90% higher
Copper129 minerals with Na and Cu4.16%67.38% lower
Yttrium107 minerals with Na and Y3.45%48.63% higher
Uranium101 minerals with Na and U3.25%35.56% lower
Beryllium93 minerals with Na and Be3.00%38.79% higher
Vanadium93 minerals with Na and V3.00%31.17% lower
Zinc63 minerals with Na and Zn2.03%59.94% lower
Nitrogen50 minerals with Na and N1.61%23.49% lower
Lanthanum50 minerals with Na and La1.61%45.62% higher
Lead39 minerals with Na and Pb1.26%87.33% lower
Antimony35 minerals with Na and Sb1.13%76.42% lower
Chromium34 minerals with Na and Cr1.10%36.71% lower
Thorium30 minerals with Na and Th0.97%38.90% higher
Tantalum30 minerals with Na and Ta0.97%16.66% lower
Molybdenum27 minerals with Na and Mo0.87%28.30% lower
Caesium22 minerals with Na and Cs0.71%58.90% higher
Tungsten13 minerals with Na and W0.42%47.83% lower
Bismuth12 minerals with Na and Bi0.39%90.66% lower
Iodine12 minerals with Na and I0.39%27.77% lower
Neodymium10 minerals with Na and Nd0.32%43.57% lower
Tin9 minerals with Na and Sn0.29%83.25% lower
Cobalt9 minerals with Na and Co0.29%76.78% lower
Selenium9 minerals with Na and Se0.29%87.30% lower
Nickel6 minerals with Na and Ni0.19%93.55% lower
Scandium5 minerals with Na and Sc0.16%52.48% lower
Gadolinium1 mineral with Na and Gd0.03%80.57% higher
Tellurium1 mineral with Na and Te0.03%98.94% lower
Praseodymium1 mineral with Na and Pr0.03%9.71% lower
Dysprosium1 mineral with Na and Dy0.03%9.71% lower
Periodic Table
1H 2He
3Li 4Be 5B 6C 7N 8O 9F 10Ne
11Na 12Mg 13Al 14Si 15P 16S 17Cl 18Ar
19K 20Ca 21Sc 22Ti 23V 24Cr 25Mn 26Fe 27Co 28Ni 29Cu 30Zn 31Ga 32Ge 33As 34Se 35Br 36Kr
37Rb 38Sr 39Y 40Zr 41Nb 42Mo 43Tc 44Ru 45Rh 46Pd 47Ag 48Cd 49In 50Sn 51Sb 52Te 53I 54Xe
55Cs 56Ba 57La 72Hf 73Ta 74W 75Re 76Os 77Ir 78Pt 79Au 80Hg 81Tl 82Pb 83Bi 84Po 85At 86Rn
87Fr 88Ra 89Ac 104Rd 105Db 106Sg 107Bh 108Hs 109Mt 110Ds 111Rg 112Cn 113Nh 114Fl 115Mc 116Lv 117Ts 118Og
58Ce 59Pr 60Nd 61Pm 62Sm 63Eu 64Gd 65Tb 66Dy 67Ho 68Er 69Tm 70Yb 71Lu
90Th 91Pa 92U 93Np 94Pu 95Am 96Cm 97Bk 98Cf 99Es 100Fm 101Md 102No 103Lr
Default Categories CPK Electronegativity Atomic Radius Lowest Oxidation Highest Oxidation Crustal Abundance Goldschmidt Mineral Species Minerals with Na Relative Frequency
Neon << Sodium >> Magnesium

Most widespread minerals containing Sodium
This list of minerals containing Sodium is built from the locality database. This is based on the number of localities entered for mineral species and is therefore slanted towards minerals interesting to collectors with less coverage of common rock-forming-minerals so it does not give an undistorted distribution of Sodium mineral species. It is more useful when comparing rare species rather than common species.
NameFormulaCrystal SystemMindat Localities
AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2OTriclinic1699

Localities with greatest number of different Sodium mineral species
map should go here
2Poudrette quarry (De-Mix quarry; Demix quarry; Uni-Mix quarry; Carrière Mont Saint-Hilaire; MSH), Mont Saint-Hilaire, La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM, Montérégie, Québec, Canada187 Na minerals
7Alluaiv Mt, Lovozersky District, Murmansk Oblast, Russia72 Na minerals
Ilímaussaq complex, Narsaq, Kujalleq, Greenland72 Na minerals
5Karnasurt Mountain, Lovozersky District, Murmansk Oblast, Russia77 Na minerals
6Kukisvumchorr Mt, Khibiny Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia73 Na minerals

Spotted a mistake/omission? - These pages are a work in progress, so please send all comments/corrections to Thank you.

Constants and physical property data from:

David R. Lide (ed.), CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 85th Edition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, Florida (2005).
Kaye and Laby Tables of Physical & Chemical Constants (2005). Section 3.1.3, Abundances of the elements
A. Earnshaw, N. Greenwood, Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (1997)
Thomas J. Ahrens (ed.), Global Earth Physics : A Handbook of Physical Constants, American Geophysical Union (1995)
L.B. Railsback, An Earth Scientist's Periodic Table of the Elements and Their Ions : Geology 31:9 p737-740 (2003)
Emsley, J. Nature's Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. New York: Oxford University Press (2001)
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