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The Mineralogy of Xenon

About Xenon
Xenon is a noble gas and as such does not form any natural minerals.
General Properties
Symbol:Xe
Atomic Number:54
Standard atomic weight (Ar):131.293(6)
Electron configuration:[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
Photos
<
Xenon filled discharge tube
>
Atomic Properties
Atomic Radius:108 pm
Ionic Radius:48 pm (+8)
Van der Waals Radius:216 pm
1st Ionization energy:1170 kJ/mol
Oxidation States:2,4,6,8
Physical Properties
Standard State:gas
Bonding Type:atomic
Melting Point:161 K
Boiling Point:165 K
Density:0.01 g/cm3
Metal/Non-Metal:noble gas
Main isotopes of Xenon
Isotope% in NatureHalf LifeDecay typeDecay product
124Xe0.095%>4.8x1016yβ+β+ ?124Te
125Xesynthetic16.9hε125I
126Xe0.089%-β+β+ ?126Te
127Xesynthetic36.345dε127I
128Xe1.91%-Spontaneous fission ?
129Xe25.4%-Spontaneous fission ?
130Xe4.07%-Spontaneous fission ?
131Xe21.2%-Spontaneous fission ?
132Xe26.9%-Spontaneous fission ?
133Xesynthetic5.247dβ−133Cs
134Xe10.4%>1.1x1016yβ-β- ?134Ba
135Xesynthetic9.14hβ−135Cs
136Xe8.86%2.165x1021yβ-β-136Ba
Main ions of Xenon
NameIonExample minerals
xenon(IV)Xe4+
xenon(VI)Xe6+
xenon(VIII)Xe8+
Other Information
Year Discovered:1898
Discovered By:
William Ramsay working
Morris William Travers


William Ramsay and Morris Travers
Year Isolated:1898
Isolated By:William Ramsay and Morris Travers
Named For:From the Greek: xenos - "foreign, a stranger"
CPK color coding:#429EB0
External Links:WikipediaWebElementsLos Alamos National LaboratoryTheodore Gray's PeriodicTable.com
Simple Compounds
Fluoridesxenon hexafluorideXeF6+6
xenon tetrafluorideXeF4+4
Oxidesxenon trioxideXeO3+6
xenon tetroxideXeO4+8
Geochemistry of Xenon
Goldschmidt classification:Atmophile
Elemental Abundance for Xenon
Crust (CRC Handbook)3 x 10-11mass fraction, kg/kg
Sea Water (CRC Handbook)5 x 10-11mass per volume fraction, kg/L
Sea Water (Kaye & Laby)4.7 x 10-11mass per volume fraction, kg/L
Atmosphere (NASA)0.087ppmas Xe
Solar System (Kaye & Laby)4.8 x 10-6atom mole fraction relative to Si=1
Solar System (Ahrens)4.70 x 10-6 (20%)atom mole fraction relative to Si=1 (% uncertainty)
Periodic Table
1H 2He
3Li 4Be 5B 6C 7N 8O 9F 10Ne
11Na 12Mg 13Al 14Si 15P 16S 17Cl 18Ar
19K 20Ca 21Sc 22Ti 23V 24Cr 25Mn 26Fe 27Co 28Ni 29Cu 30Zn 31Ga 32Ge 33As 34Se 35Br 36Kr
37Rb 38Sr 39Y 40Zr 41Nb 42Mo 43Tc 44Ru 45Rh 46Pd 47Ag 48Cd 49In 50Sn 51Sb 52Te 53I 54Xe
55Cs 56Ba 57La 72Hf 73Ta 74W 75Re 76Os 77Ir 78Pt 79Au 80Hg 81Tl 82Pb 83Bi 84Po 85At 86Rn
87Fr 88Ra 89Ac 104Rd 105Db 106Sg 107Bh 108Hs 109Mt 110Ds 111Rg 112Cn 113Nh 114Fl 115Mc 116Lv 117Ts 118Og
 
58Ce 59Pr 60Nd 61Pm 62Sm 63Eu 64Gd 65Tb 66Dy 67Ho 68Er 69Tm 70Yb 71Lu
90Th 91Pa 92U 93Np 94Pu 95Am 96Cm 97Bk 98Cf 99Es 100Fm 101Md 102No 103Lr
Default Categories CPK Electronegativity Atomic Radius Lowest Oxidation Highest Oxidation Crustal Abundance Goldschmidt Mineral Species
Iodine << Xenon >> Caesium


Spotted a mistake/omission? - These pages are a work in progress, so please send all comments/corrections to jolyon@mindat.org. Thank you.

Constants and physical property data from:

David R. Lide (ed.), CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 85th Edition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, Florida (2005).
Kaye and Laby Tables of Physical & Chemical Constants (2005). Section 3.1.3, Abundances of the elements
A. Earnshaw, N. Greenwood, Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, (1997)
Thomas J. Ahrens (ed.), Global Earth Physics : A Handbook of Physical Constants, American Geophysical Union (1995)
L.B. Railsback, An Earth Scientist's Periodic Table of the Elements and Their Ions : Geology 31:9 p737-740 (2003)
Emsley, J. Nature's Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. New York: Oxford University Press (2001)
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