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Nevada’s Rich Mining History.
Posted by Jon Aurich
Jon Aurich April 14, 2019 05:12PMOriental Nevada. This remote mining district sits just outside of the Northern part of Death Valley. In 1864, just two months before statehood, a prospector discovered a Gold laced Quartz ledge on a hill later called Gold Mountain. Rich Gold ore was being produced and was crushed with a small Arrastra. In 1876, some of the richest Gold ore ever discovered in Nevada, was extracted from the Oriental Mine. The ore was so rich and attractive, that specimens of it were put on display at the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. The specimen shown below is a rare specimen from that mine. Size: 6” x 4 1/2” x 1 1/2”. 2 1/2 pounds...
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 04/14/2019 05:45PM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich April 14, 2019 06:08PMWahmonie Nevada. In the remote area of Central Nevada, is the mining district of Wahmonie. In 1928, prospectors found outcrops of Gold rich Quartz, when George Wingfield of the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company was personally inspecting the district, a rush of miners sprang onto Wahmonie to either file claims in the surrounding area or to work the early mines that were already producing. This mining district became Nevada’s last great Gold rush. Wingfield shortly after, became disinterested in the district as his mining engineers told him that the ore was only concentrated at the surface. It only took about a year and the town and mining district were a ghost. Wahmonie is located in the Nevada Test Site, a site that has been restricted to the public for many decades. The specimen shown was one of the pieces of high Grade Gold ore that was in the possession of the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company. Size: 2” x 1 3/4” x 1”.....
Jon Aurich April 15, 2019 05:16AMDiamondfield Nevada. The mining district of Diamondfield was looking to be a very promising mining district in 1907. Diamondfield Jack Davis discovered Quartz ledges on McMahon Ridge. As the Diamondfield Daisy Mines production increased, Iron stained Quartz veins laced with Gold were discovered at the 150’ level. After about a year of mining, the ore petered out to the 300’ level. The specimen shown below was found decades ago in an abandoned backfill in the Diamondfield Daisy Mine. The rich specimen appears unattractive in its natural state, but when cut and polished, it unveils its spectacular beauty. I made it into a cab and inserted the specimen into this antique setting.
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 04/15/2019 05:17AM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich April 15, 2019 08:17PMGoldfield Nevada. A fresh find this morning!! Bonanza Ore. High Grade Epithermal Gold Specimen. This exceedingly rich piece of high grade was found this morning, (4-15-2019). It shows Native Gold layered all through the specimen, it also contains Goldfieldite, Milltown Andesite, Alunite, Famatinite, Quartz, Bismuthinite and Cryptocrystalline Quartz. Size: 5/8” x 1 1/4” x 1 3/4”...
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 04/15/2019 08:24PM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich April 16, 2019 05:29AMGoldfield Nevada. This miners candlestick belonged to C. D. Wilkinson, Chief Mining Engineer of the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company. Just think of the high grade that this man witnessed underground!! Consolidated owned six of the seven rich mines at Goldfield.
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 04/16/2019 05:32AM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich April 16, 2019 06:31AMGold Point Nevada. Originally called “Hornsilver”. This mining district is about 20 miles South of Goldfield. In the 1890s, Hornsilver was producing Silver, after 1900, Quartz veins with Gold were encountered, thinking that Gold was going to be the main commodity, the town and mining districts name was changed to Gold Point. This beautiful Silver wire specimen was detected at a mine near the portal about 10 inches deep. Size: 1” x 1” x 1 1/2”..
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 04/16/2019 06:44AM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich April 16, 2019 04:20PMGoldfield Nevada. The greatest mining camp in the world !! Worthy was Goldfield to receive such praise in 1905, new high grade pockets of Gold ore were being discovered almost on a weekly basis. In the next ten years, over 85 million dollars would be produced by Goldfield’s chief mines, that is when Gold was $20.67 an ounce !! So much Gold was being produced at Goldfield in a short period of time that economists were worried that Gold may lose its value..
Scott Rider April 16, 2019 05:04PMThanks for sharing Jon!!! I always wondered on the economics of a particular commodity when an enormous lode has been discovered, and how the prices can fall from such a discovery. I can imagine the economists back in the early 1900's being concerned of Goldfield.
I used to work for a law firm back in the early 2000's and worked on a bankruptcy case of a large steel mill in Provo Utah. I recall the problem with bringing this company back to life was that they could never compete with the Chinese and India, whom were producing steel at records levels and a much lower cost. The sheer amount they produced literally killed our steel industry here in the states in a relatively short period of time.
I wonder what impact China has had on gold prices being that they can mine and produce so much more than we can these days... They had an enormous impact in steel prices just because they could mine the heck out of their lands (albeit Australia did provide a LOT of iron for them), use what was basically slave labor to produce the steel and not worry about environmentalists and human rights advocates... We couldn't compete... Not with the EPA, Unions/Labor organizations that protect the workers, and the sheer cost of labor in general and the bad PR you get just from mining...
Jon Aurich April 16, 2019 06:08PMHi Scott !! Thank you.... as I read your comments, I thought about how powerful Bethlehem Steel was, during the Second World War, Bethlehem received most of the war contracts and completed all of them. You would think that a powerful corporation would survive the test of time, but when another country can produce a cheaper quality product at a much much cheaper price, and without a level playing field, corporations will disappear from the U.S.. Today, I hope that the tables are turning for America, In a good way....
Scott Rider April 16, 2019 06:58PMIndeed! Geneva Steel was the name of the steel producer, they produced steel for ship building for the Navy on the West coast. A pretty darn good enterprise until the Chinese flooded the market. Like you said, we were fine when the playing field was level, but when China entered the equation, all the American steel producers went belly up within a decade... The people running the company tried twice to revamp production. The 1st attempt worked, the courts granted them a restructuring. But the market was saturated with Asian steel. The 2nd time, the judge wasted no time, said the market dried up, and then it was eventually liquidated...
And guess what country was the buyer of the factory assets... China!!! I can't recall the name of the company, but they took the large smoke stacks (forgot how big but they were many stories tall) apart and shipped them to China!! It took 4-5 months, a ton of capital and manpower, a ton of road closures, and ingenuity... I can't imagine that was cheaper than building their own smoke stacks, but apparently it was a LOT cheaper...
I wonder what China's gold stockpile looks like... They seem to be very savvy with their money and I can picture many Ft Knox-like facilities all around China!!! I don't think they'd flood the market with gold as it'll depreciate the value and their investments.. Google has them as top producers (approx 13% as of the articles claims at 426 tonns). I bet they have enormous stockpiles! I may be wrong but its fun to picture a room full of gold!!!
Scott Rider April 16, 2019 07:11PMForgot to add, but Geneva Steel received some of its iron ore from Nevada. Some from Colorado and Utah as well, but I recall NV was def a major producer for them. This is one example of a centralized factory that wasn't located on a coast, that utilizes its resources from its neighbors!! And because of the extensive railroad system that ran through Provo, it was a genius spot for the steel factory!
I can't recall a name of the major mine they got their iron from, but I think it was Beuna Vista Mine, famous for its massive magnetite deposits. Its still has one of the largest reserves still today. Either way, Nevada played a big part of that steel firm, according to some of the documents I ran across!
Jon Aurich April 17, 2019 07:47AMGoldfield Nevada. In 1909, the mining town of Goldfield held the 12th Annual mining Congress. The officials of the congress needed a building that had ample space for specimens, maps and people. George Wingfield owned the Goldfield Hotel and the Hotel Casey. When the last of the early mining leases expired in 1908, the population of Goldfield began to plummet, as this was taking place, Wingfield had trouble trying to keep his hotels in the black, soon afterwards, Wingfield Closed the Casey hotel in 1908. In 1909, Wingfield took part in the organization of the mining congress in Goldfield. Wingfield allowed the congress to use the first floor of the Casey hotel for their spectacular viewing of rare and common specimens. The badge that is shown was used for admission to the three day celebration at the “Mineral Palace” as the Hotel would be temporarily called....
Jon Aurich April 18, 2019 06:29AMGoldfield Nevada. The Florence Mine is one of the best preserved Mines in the state of Nevada. These interior photographs show the beautiful Florence Mine Hoist House as it stands today. Built in 1906, the walls and ceilings are made of beaded tongue and groove pine.
Jon Aurich April 18, 2019 06:59AMGoldfield Nevada. This letter from George Nixon to George Wingfield expresses a little disappointment on a bill that was sent to Nixon for an accountant going over the books of the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company. Could you imagine $5,000 back in 1907 !! That would Probably be around $200,000 in today’s money !!
Jon Aurich April 18, 2019 02:32PMGoldfield Nevada. The Milltown Mining Company adjoined the Florence Mine to the East. Nixon & Wingfield purchased this company early in 1905, it was absorbed into the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company on September 1906. For awhile, the small town called Milltown occupied this mining property. The items photographed are the corporate stamp, a stock certificate signed by George Wingfield and the stock ledger from the Milltown Mining Company.
Jon Aurich April 18, 2019 04:52PMGoldfield Nevada. This is the house that Tom Lockhart had built in 1906. Lockhart was the owner of the Florence Mine at Goldfield. During the same time, Goldfield Consolidated Mines offered Lockhart 4.5 million for the Florence, Lockhart turned it down. It’s amazing to think that almost two years before that offer , Lockhart bought the Florence for $25,000 !! Which in 1904 was big money.. The photographs show the before and after of the house restoration that was done in 2018 .
Jon Aurich April 19, 2019 06:26AMGoldfield Nevada. The Sandstorm mine was one of the original claims to be laid at Goldfield in December 1902. Gold float was discovered on this claim, making it the first Gold to be discovered in the area. The first discoveries like the Sandstorm and May Queen never became rich mines as the payshoots were close to the surface, the rich one’s were to remain undiscovered until 1904 and 1905, when the true riches of Goldfield would come to light. The size of the largest specimen in the photograph is 1 3/4” x 1 3/4” x 4 1/2”.
Jon Aurich April 19, 2019 06:36AMGoldfield Nevada. The Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company had some of the best safety standards in the U.S. , but once in a while, a bad accident would happen. This invoice from an Undertaker shows that a miner lost his life at the Mohawk Mine. GCMC paid for a nice funeral for this deceased miner in 1913.
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 04/19/2019 06:37AM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich April 19, 2019 05:06PMGoldfield Nevada. This Gold scale was used for assay by the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company. The company owned two Mills at Goldfield, the Combination Mill, (20 stamps) and the Consolidated Mill, (100 stamps). The company built a 30’x 60’ Assay building to assay dozens of samples a day from its 6 major mines at Goldfield and other interests throughout Nevada.
Jon Aurich April 20, 2019 05:43PMBelmont Mine Fire, Tonopah Nevada. Early in the morning of February 23rd, 1911, it was believed that on the 1166’ level, after the 3:30am shift of miners went home, a candle was left unattended on a stack of timbers that were being used for a nearby stope. A fire broke out and smoke was detected around 5:30am, miners at that time already started a new shift. As smoke developed, shift bosses descended throughout the mine to find out the origin of the smoke. As the toxic smoke entered from numerous stations, miners began to panic and rushed to the nearest stations to get out, confused and taken over by the smoke, miners were falling to their death as they passed out and fell from the cage. A cage operator named Bill Murphy volunteered to get down and rescue as many miners as he could, the first attempt, he brought up several confused and weak miners, the second attempt was also successful but Bill was effected by the toxic smoke, he made a third attempt, as time went by, their was no signal from Bill. He died as a hero trying to save his coworkers. 17 men died that day in the Belmont Mine. The fire only burned at the stack of piled timbers, the miners died of smoke inhalation. This miners identification check was found at the mine decades ago, it is a reminder of one of the worst mine accidents in the U.S.
Jon Aurich April 24, 2019 11:12PMGoldfield Nevada. Goldfield Mining District. It’s amazing to see in the 1940s, most of the structures of the mines were almost completely gone, except for the Florence Mine on the hill. The second photograph shows part of the main mining district in 1907.
Jon Aurich April 25, 2019 12:16AMGoldfield Nevada. The Goldfield Stock Exchange as it appeared in 1908. They made good use out of the stove pipe, by the time the pipe reached the ceiling, all of the inner heat had dispersed. In the year of 1908, 24,000 people were calling Goldfield home, it was the largest city in the state of Nevada at the time. Las Vegas had a population of 400........
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 04/25/2019 12:18AM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich April 26, 2019 11:10PMGoldfield Nevada. Bonanza Ore. High Grade Epithermal Gold Specimen. This fabulous exceedingly rich Gold specimen was mined at the famous Engineers Lease of the Florence Mine. This mine was extraordinary because most of the ore was high Grade, with very little shipping grade ore. Another fascinating thing about this property is that it was leased by three mining engineers that were partners. This rare specimen would assay at well over 1,000 ounces of Gold per ton !!
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 04/26/2019 11:11PM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich April 30, 2019 03:17AMGoldfield Nevada. An interior photograph of the Rustler #2 Mine Hoist House, built in 1906. The shaft of this mine has a depth of 840 feet, pretty deep for a lease period shaft.
Edited 3 time(s). Last edit at 04/30/2019 03:25AM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich April 30, 2019 04:31AMGoldfield Nevada. This is the original date calendar that hung on the wall of J. D. Lothrop’s mercantile store in Goldfield. This store was a favorite with miners, prospectors and mining companies. They had a wide range of provisions, hardware, and mining equipment. The date calendar lettering is done in the reverse Gold leaf style. Circa 1906.
Jon Aurich April 30, 2019 04:55AMSeven Troughs Nevada. Gold was discovered in Seven Troughs Canyon in 1905, in 1906, two mines were producing good milling ore and some high grade ore as well. The mines worked consistently until 1917 when the ore was exhausted. The advertisement paperweight was probably a bonus gift to a stockholder, the specimen that is in the paperweight is specimen of Gold in Quartz. The paperweight is turning purple as there was manganese oxide in the glass that through years of sun light, (ultraviolet rays) would turn purple. Circa 1907. The medicine bottle was found deep in a mine years ago in the Seven Troughs district.
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 04/30/2019 04:57AM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich April 30, 2019 05:18AMBallarat California. This beautiful Gold and Quartz specimen was found by Seldom Seen Slim at Ballarat, a colorful Nevada and California prospector. He was around when a good portion of the Nevada mining camps were at their peak. He held on to this specimen for many years and finally gave it to his good friend Earl Neisser, a Nevada miner...
Jon Aurich April 30, 2019 04:50PMGoldfield Nevada. This photograph shows one of a two compartment shaft of the Little Florence Lease, this compartment was used to transport men. The Little Florence Lease was the scene of some fabulous Gold Discoveries, within eight months, between 1907-1908, over 1.7 million dollars of Gold ore was produced at the Little Florence, when Gold was $20.67 an ounce. Several tons of rich ore assayed at over 2,800 ounces of Gold per ton. This shaft has a depth of 555 feet. The exceedingly rich Gold specimen was from this famous Lease.
Jon Aurich April 30, 2019 08:49PMDeLamar Nevada. Around 1895, a rich ledge of Gold Quartz was discovered, since this district was very remote and sitting on a mountain, excitement was suppressed until Joseph DeLamar bought a good portion of the mining interests there. Water was very scarce in the district and was sold by the gallon to the townspeople by the Delamar Mining Company. The mining company could not get enough water to operate a standard Quartz crushing mill, so a mill that processed the ore “dry” was installed. DeLamar was often referred to the name of “widow Maker” as mill tenders and miners were becoming ill and dying from the condensed dust of Silica. Many people in town would complain as clouds of Silica dust would generally lay over the town as the mill was only a block away. Today, stone buildings, mill ruins, large waste piles and a Cemetery out side of town are all that remain.
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 04/30/2019 08:53PM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich May 01, 2019 01:46AMRhyolite Nevada. The first photograph shows the impressive John S. Cook & Co. bank. This building Became the most impressive structure in Rhyolite and held one of the most powerful banks in Nevada. When outcrops of high grade ore were discovered in 1905, a rush of miners came to see the excitement. By late 1907, a population of over 4,000 called Rhyolite their home. The district seemed to have the excitement of another Goldfield, which was 75 miles to the North, but when promised ore reserves by the engineers proved to be inaccurate, the mines dried up almost as quick as they started, by 1911, the town was virtually a ghost.
Jon Aurich May 02, 2019 03:34AMKawich Nevada. Originally called Gold Reed, A ledge of Quartzite containing Gold was discovered in the Kawich mountain range in 1903. The district didn’t really take off until rich lenses of Gold ore were discovered in late 1905. By 1906, over 400 people were living in the remote district. As with many mining districts throughout Nevada, the promise of riches fell short as the Gold deposits were shallow. By 1908, the district was virtually abandoned. The town of Kawich and it’s mining district have been restricted for several decades as the U.S. Government only has access to this vast area of the state. This specimen pictured below is one of three high grade specimens known from the Kawich district. It was in a box of high grade specimens that belonged to the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company.
Jon Aurich May 02, 2019 06:03PMGoldfield Nevada. Incorporated in late 1906 at a capitalization of 50 million dollars, with six of the seven rich mines at Goldfield in its possession. The Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company became the 17th largest corporation in the U.S. in 1907, paying out more than 32 million dollars in dividends to its stock holders in 11 years. The items shown are the original corporate stamp of the company and a stock certificate that was signed by George Wingfield in 1907. The stock holder was paid dividends for almost three decades with this certificate.
Edited 2 time(s). Last edit at 05/02/2019 06:07PM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich May 03, 2019 02:51PMThank you Chris !! The Carbide lamp was widely used from the 1910s, almost to the present, and yet, very few photographs show the lamp in operation. The lamp pictured below was found in an abandoned mine in a remote part of Central Nevada. The rubber gasket was the only thing replaced and it fired up with no problems. The carbide lamp was a simple but reliable invention.
Larry Maltby May 04, 2019 01:01PMJon,
I share your interest in history and thought that you would like to see this. I acquired the lamp at Tucson in the 70’s. The can of carbide and the hat was acquired at the Henry Ford Museum and Greenfield Village where my wife worked as a historical interpreter guiding visitors through the facilities. The bottom of the can of carbide was badly bulged. Evidently moisture had gotten in. To avoid a hazard in the house, I removed the bottom of the can and poured the carbide into a bucket of water. It bubbled a long time before it neutralized.
The hat is interesting because of its small size. It sits on top of my head and I can’t begin to pull it over my brow. It is so small that it leads me to believe that it was manufactured for child labor which was outlawed by the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.
Jon Aurich May 04, 2019 03:45PMLarry, Thanks for showing me your wonderful hat, lamp and carbide!! I love underground mining items, many years ago, one of my hobbies was going down hundreds of mine shafts in Nevada and California. When you brought up the size of that cloth carbide hat, people back then were smaller, their cranium size was like two sizes smaller than our normal sizes today, men were also shorter as I would find clothes, (Levi pants, shirts) clothes that a normal 12-14 year old could wear today... Once in a while, I would find a can of carbide in a mine or antique store that still had usable carbide in the can. I learned from old timers that have been dead 30+ years now, they told me to take the carbide, pour it through a screen, the powder is waste and can be moistened with water outside to make it inert, the part that would look like small pieces of gravel would be saved by the screen, this portion can still be used some day in the carbide lamp. This portion can be preserved by taking an air tight container, preferably a “ball” glass canning jar, pour your remaining carbide in it, then used a small amount of kerosene, just enough to wet it, what this does it puts a barrier between the oxygen and carbide, as air will in time decay the calcium carbide. The carbide will work naturally as intended with the kerosene protecting it...
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 05/04/2019 03:47PM by Jon Aurich.
Tom Rosemeyer May 04, 2019 04:23PMLarry & Jon:
Looking at the carbide lamp on the hat brings back memories when I was a student in the 1960's at Michigan College of Mining and Technology as it was called then. Most of the inclined shafts were open on the copper mines and only a barbed wire fence around them to keep people out. Two of us were going down the shafts to collect mineral specimens on some week nights and weekends. At first all we had were flashlights but then I save up enough money by selling extra copper specimens to buy a carbide lamp. This was one of the fancy Justrite ones where you wore the acetylene generator on your belt and a rubber hose went to the lamp on your hard hat. The carbide lamp was enclosed and had a vent on top and a bulls eye lens that really worked good underground and threw a good beam up a stope or down a drift. I recovered many good specimens using this lamp.
Wayne Corwin May 04, 2019 11:41PMLarry
Children working at the sorting table
This is from a little before the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, and they probably worked underground too.
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 05/04/2019 11:42PM by Wayne Corwin.
Andrew Debnam May 05, 2019 04:32AMHI Jon, getting back to the article idea...…….when you are logged in go to your home page and click on articles. You can start putting this material with stories in a draft form until you are ready to publish. They other idea is to click on galleries and you create a photo series for any topic you want. I think it would be great to have a a history published on Florence -Rustler. Wayne et al...….the old mine photos are great
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 05/05/2019 04:35AM by Andrew Debnam.
Jon Aurich May 05, 2019 06:40AMGoldfield Nevada. This original photograph was taken in 1910, it shows a two week production of the mines owned by the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company, almost 29,000 ounces of Gold is shown. The value is shown at $535,000 when Gold was a little over $20.00 an ounce, in today’s value, roughly $1,300 an ounce, the value of what is shown would be worth around 37.4 million dollars !!
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 05/05/2019 06:42AM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich May 05, 2019 07:57AMGoldfield Nevada. This original photograph shows the incredible Gold production that was taking place around 1910. The rich mines of the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company produced almost 29,000 ounces of Gold. In 1910, at this time period. The value of Gold was set at $20.67 an ounce. At today’s prices, ($1,300) an ounce, that 29,000 ounces would be worth over 37.4 million dollars....
Jon Aurich May 05, 2019 04:18PMGoldfield Nevada. Ted Hadley and friends looking things over in the 4th level of the Florence Mine.
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 05/05/2019 04:24PM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich May 08, 2019 03:28PMGoldfield Nevada. Restoring the Hoist House of the famous Rustler #2 Mine in the spring of 2017.
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 05/08/2019 03:57PM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich May 08, 2019 04:52PMGoldfield Nevada. Restoration of the famous Rustler #2 Mine at Goldfield Nevada. The mine was in its last stages of disrepair, it is estimated that the buildings had two more years before the walls of the Hoist and Compressor house would have totally collapsed. It is now restored and used for Mine tours...
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 05/08/2019 04:56PM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich May 08, 2019 11:46PMGold Mountain Nevada. This $5 Gold piece was found with a metal detector near the old townsite of Gold Mountain, a remote district located about 28 miles South of Goldfield. It was minted at Carson City in 1880. Chances are that most of the Gold that is in this coin came from the famous Comstock Mines, the silver mines also produced millions in Gold.
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 05/08/2019 11:50PM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich May 09, 2019 04:08AMDeLamar Nevada. This historic mining district is in a remote part of Nevada, during its peak, it had the nick name of “Widow Maker” Nevada, as water was scarce and the large mill processed ore dry, producing huge solids of fine Silica dust. For years, it caused Silicosis with mill tenders and miners. When my son was 5 years old at the time of these photos, we dug a couple miners privies, (out houses), miners camps and found 100+ year old bottles.... If you are in the area by Caliente Nevada, it’s worth the trip to see this true ghost camp...
Jon Aurich May 10, 2019 04:00AMGoldfield Nevada. This antique kerosene lantern at the Rustler # 2 Mine has been visited by Jack Frost. The winters in the mining district of Goldfield can be very harsh.
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 05/10/2019 04:02AM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich May 10, 2019 07:04AMMiners cigarettes. This pack of cigarettes was found decades ago in a remote mine in Nevada. They were found on top of a stope timber. This is the only pack of self lighting cigarettes that I have ever seen. The first drag after lighting the cigarette must have tasted terrible .....
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 05/10/2019 04:37PM by Jon Aurich.
Jon Aurich May 10, 2019 04:10PMGoldfield Nevada. This rare souvenir vase shows the famous Combination Mill at the mining district of Goldfield. The mill was one of the earliest and it was the most efficient, it’s recovery of the complex ore was 94-96%. It was one of the properties of the Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company. In 1909, the Combination mine had mined out what was called the Hampton Stope, it was large and about 250’ below the Mill. In late 1909, the stope collapsed, causing a large portion of the mill to be devoured by the huge cave in. 3 mill tenders died in the mill. Vase circa 1907.
Jon Aurich May 10, 2019 06:12PMGoldfield Nevada. This rare corporate stamp was from the May Queen Mining Company. This property was one of the three claims that were first located by Harry Stimler and William Marsh in December of 1902. George Wingfield and George S. Nixon purchased the May Queen in 1904, it was later absorbed into the huge Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company in November of 1906 in which Nixon & Wingfield Consolidated six lucrative mines at Goldfield.
Don Saathoff May 10, 2019 08:11PMJon, I agree with Becky. The reason I got into assay was very simply for the history of the practice - my dore' balance is a Heuser from 1932, still works well, very stable, My pulverizer is dated 1934, still can take a sample down to 120 mesh with no problem (but the plates are no longer available - I was told I got the last pair ~10 years ago). Most of my tools have come from antique shops where the owner had no idea what they were (crucible/scorifer tongs, cupel tongs, button mold, etc.). Please keep up the thread!!!
Jon Aurich May 10, 2019 09:39PMThank you Don !! It is great to use the old antique tools and equipment, it kinda keeps the memory of the prior owners in focus as I often wonder when I’m using an antique tool, (i wonder what the guy looked like that used this tool?).... The collectibles that I have put on this thread are from my own personal collection....: I appreciate your interest in the past !!!!! Jon.
Jon Aurich May 11, 2019 02:06AMGoldfield Nevada. This is an original hand drawn print on Vellum. The print shows the famous Clermont Mine head frame. The permanent head frame was built in 1908 for Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company, the owner of the Clermont. In 1923, a huge fire devoured 42 city blocks of Goldfield, the Goldfield Consolidated Building was damaged by the fire, but the building was saved. The fire damage to this print is a stark reminder of that huge fire back almost 100 years ago.
Jon Aurich May 11, 2019 08:05AMTonopah Nevada. The Montana Tonopah Mining Company was a very lucrative Silver Mine in Tonopah. The original 1905 blue print shows the new head frame that replaced the smaller wood one. The original 1907 photograph shows the fabulous head frame.
Jon Aurich May 11, 2019 03:49PMGoldfield Nevada. The Columbia Mountain Mining Company property was located on Columbia Mountain. In 1903, some rich ore was discovered and mined there, it was believed that the mountain held undiscovered riches and was the main part of the Epithermal deposit. In 1904, George S. Nixon and George Wingfield purchased the property, they ordered a series of exploration drifts in the mountain to see if any major deposits could be found, not much of anything noteworthy was discovered and soon afterward, with the numerous discoveries of ore bodies south east of the Mountain, the two men realized that the riches were concentrated in the Jumbo, Florence, Red Top, January, Mohawk, Clermont and the Combination Mines. This early stock certificate has a rare signature of George S. Nixon, Nixon was a banker, but through the help and partnership with George Wingfield, was able to amass a huge mining company at Goldfield and become U.S. Senator of Nevada in 1905.
Jon Aurich May 12, 2019 06:56AMGoldfield Nevada. During the boom period of Goldfield, there have been many sharks that took advantage of people for their money, the biggest was George Graham Rice. In 1906, he started selling Goldfield mining stocks all over the U.S. the problem was, the mines didn’t exist, they were worthless pieces of paper, backed by the fancy certificates. Since the boom was red hot and money flowed like water, It was easy for Rice to sell his stocks to corporations or just the older woman that wanted to make a few more dollars. Two of the Goldfield Banks also took Rices mining stocks as security!! Rice also helped co promote the Gans / Nelson fight in 1906, Rice and Tex Rickard, ( the promoters ) had to raise a record $35,000 in price money within a week, it took them only a day and a half to raise it in town !! The purse was made up of 1,500 $20 Gold Pieces and displayed at the John S. Cook & Co. Bank. Rice also used a friend to form a trust company called L.M. Sullivan, which was his name, for the next year, Rice was milking hundreds of thousands of dollars from anyone that he could sell his worthless stocks to, he finally was charged with mail fraud and was sent to Prison.
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 05/12/2019 07:01AM by Jon Aurich.
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Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.