Donate now to keep alive!Help|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
What is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthMineral PhotographyThe Elements and their MineralsGeological TimeMineral Evolution
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Baryte, United States - Michigan to Wyoming

Posted by Rock Currier  
Rock Currier May 08, 2009 12:56PM
This Article is Under Construction

Click here to view Best Minerals Baryte Arizona to Kansas and here to view Best Minerals B and here for Best Minerals A to Z and here for Fast Navigation of completed Best Minerals articles.

Can you help make this a better article? What good localities have we missed? Can you supply pictures of better specimens than those we show here? Can you give us more and better information about the specimens from these localities? Can you supply better geological or historical information on these localities?

BariteBaSO4 Orthorhombic

Barite, South Dakota

BariteUSAMissouri, Morgan Co., Lamb Mine

Baryte 4cm tall
Baryte ~7.5cm wide

BariteUSAMontana, Carbon Co., Pack Rat Mine

Baryte 4.5cm tall
Baryte & calcite 5cm tall
Baryte 6cm
Baryte 5cm

Baryte 7cm tall

BariteUSAMontana, Dawson Co., Glendive

Baryte 4.5cm

BariteUSAMontana, Jefferson Co., Elkhorn District, Elkhorn

Baryte 6.8cm wide

BariteUSAMontana, Silver Bow Co., Butte District, Butte, East Colusa Mine

Baryte, sphalerite & quartz 4.3cm tall

BariteUSAMontana, Treasure Co., Myers
Baryte 2.7cm tall
Baryte 2cm tall

BariteUSANevada, Elko Co., Bootstrap District, Dee Mine (Boulder Creek Mine)

Baryte 9.5cm wide
Baryte 16cm tall

Baryte 14.5cm wide
Baryte 3.2cm wide

BariteUSANevada, Elko Co., Bootstrap District, Meikle Mine

Baryte 13cm tall
Baryte 13cm

Baryte & calcite 8.8cm wide
Baryte 5.2cm wide
Baryte 9.7cm wide
Baryte 1.9cm wide

BariteUSANevada, Elko Co., Independence Mountains District, Murray Mine

Baryte & Quartz 6.9cm wide

BariteUSANevada, Nye Co.

Baryte 3.3cm tall

BariteUSANevada, Pershing Co., Rosebud District, Rosebud Mine (Hecla Rosebud Mine)

Baryte 7.8cm tall
Baryte 4cm wide
Baryte 3.5cm
Baryte ~3cm wide

BariteUSANew Mexico, Doña Ana Co., Rincon District, Rincon Quarry

Baryte 4cm wide

BariteUSANew Mexico, Socorro Co., Magdalena District, Juanita Mine

Baryte 3.5cm tall
Baryte on quartz 9.1cm wide

BariteUSANew Mexico, Socorro Co., Magdalena District, Kelly Mine

Baryte 7cm wide

BariteUSANew York, St. Lawrence Co., Balmat-Edwards Zinc District, Balmat

BariteUSAOhio, Wood Co., Custar, Pugh Quarry (France Stone Co. Custar quarry)

Baryte 10cm wide

BariteUSAOklahoma, Cleveland Co., Norman, Lake Thunderbird area

Baryte 10cm wide
Baryte 7.8cm wide
Baryte 7cm tall
Baryte ~8cm tall
Baryte 10cm wide
Baryte 11.5cm wide

BariteUSAOklahoma, Ottawa Co., Tri-State District, Picher Field, Hockerville

Baryte ~13cm wide

BariteUSAOregon, Lane Co., Lowell

Baryte 9.6cm wide
Baryte 3.9cm

BariteUSAPennsylvania, Montgomery Co. Lower Providence Township, Audubon, Perkiomen Mines

Baryte ~9cm wide

BariteUSASouth Dakota, Meade Co., Dalzell, Elk Creek locality

Baryte 2.5cm wide
Baryte & calcite 5.9cm wide
Baryte & calcite 6.7cm tall
Baryte on calcite ~8cm tall
Baryte on calcite 6cm wide
Baryte ~7cm wide
Baryte on calcite ~9cm tall

BariteUSATennessee, Smith Co., Central Tennessee Ba-F-Pb-Zn District, Carthage, Elmwood mine

Baryte, sphalerite, fluorite 10cm wide
Baryte on fluorite 8.5cm wide
Baryte, sphalerite & calcite 9cm wide

BariteUSAUtah, Tooele Co., Cugway Range, Dugway Mountains District

Baryte on calcite 14.5cm tall

BariteUSAVirginia, Rockbridge Co.

Baryte 6cm wide

BariteUSAWyoming, Carbon Co., Shirley Basin, Shirley Basin barite locality

Baryte 4.3cm tall

Michigan, Keweenaw Peninsula. Barite occurs in small amounts throughout the district. Fine crystals, although rare, have been produced from the Phoenix mine, Humboldt mine, Copper Falls mine and other localities in Keweenaw County, the Centennial #1 and #2 mines, mines on the Isle Royale lode and elsewhere in Houghton County, and in several localities in Ontonagon County. The habit is platy, and the color is gray, greenish gray and creamy white to colorless. Associated minerals include calcite, quartz, hematite, prehnite and copper. In the White Pine in Ontonagon County, barite crystals occur in sizes from microscopic to in excess of 7 cm. Barite roses have been found in fluorite in calcite veins cutting the Copper Harbor Conglomerate in Keweenaw County.”1 The fine crystals referred to above are really not very find when compared to barites from so many other localities and at best they can be best described as interesting.
1 Mineralogical Record, Vol. 23, 1992, p 53.

Missouri, Morgan County, Lamb Barite Mine and the Buckshot Mine. “During our ’91 visit, we had the good fortune to discover a fair sized pocket, containing the finest clear “glass tiff” barite crystals ( up to thumb size on white to cream-colored “dry-bone” barite matrix we had ever observed from the Lamb, and most likely the best Missouri in several decades. We returned to the lamb (several more times)…Furi9ng our April ’94 visit, Glenn had exposed the upper end of a vertical barite-filled fracture…In October we were able to find what appeared to be a continuation of the vein about 6-8 feet to the right, thus it was decided to continue downward along the mineralized zone. Over the next three days, with some minor excavation (pick and shovel) we continued downward along what proved to be another significant find of high quality barite “glass tiff” on drybone matrix. The specimens acquired did not have the large crystal size of our ’91 from an overall quality aspect, the ’94 material must be considered superior. Once we proceeded below the front line, nearly every specimen was damage free, except for that which we imposed with the necessary semi-controlled violence required with the large pick to remove the surrounding chert and dolomite. The ’94 specimens consist primarily of clusters of barite crystals ranging from microdruse up to 1+ inches lying with their long axis relatively parallel to the surface of the drybone matrix, with many doubly terminated. A minority portion of the crystals will have their long axis at various angles, approaching perpendicular to the matrix or the other crystals. This mixture creates some superb display specimens. Occasionally, small rosettes of clear crystals are found growing directly on the chert with no underling drybone matrix. When this occurs, these rosettes are extremely clean, bright, and lustrous, sparkling like the finest gemstones. The Lamb cannot compete with its neighbor, the Buckshot for crystal size, however, for clarity and quality, the lamb specimens are equal to any other Missouri locality of which I’m aware. Some of the individual crystals will match those found in the book Cliffs region of Colorado for quality. For those who might be interested in adding a new barite locality to their collection, we plan to have a limited quantity of the ’94 material available at Tucson in February, Executive Inn, room 246 (Kevin Conroy Minerals).”1
1 Mineral News, Harold L. Prior, Vol. 11, 1995, p. 2-3

Montana, Carbon County, Warren, Pack Rat claim. “Amber translucent blades, zoned, to <2 cm on edge, packed in a group 5x6 cm. Also occurs coated with white calcite. Common.”1
1 Bill Dameron, personal communication, 2003, description of a specimen in his collection.
See if you can find out more about the occurrence.

Montana, Dawson County, Glendive. “Usually gold/amber tabular crystals to more than 6 cm, resembling SD crystals.”1
Described by Bill Dameron but doesn’t have an example in his collection. Ask him what he knows about this locality.

Montana, Silver Bow County, Butte. “Blocky nearly square crystals to 1.5 cm covering a 9 cm matrix. Dark yellow-ochre color, translucent but dull. Dull is the key. Common.”1
1 Bill Dameron, personal communication, 2003 of a specimen in his collection.
See if there is a mine name?

Nevada, Carlin Trend, Elco County, Elco, Dee North Mine. The crystals from the Dee North mine are golden in color like those from the Meikle mine but usually not as transparent or as desirable. Crystals can be up to about 8 cm but are usually smaller. “The Dee North mine will certainly be remembered among collectors for its production of well-crystalized barite, in excellent specimens from thumbnail size up to large cabinet plated more than 60 cm across. …Two significant vugs have produced the majority of specimens, these having crystals of a distinctly chisel-shape habit. Many additional vugs occur, some of which reach enormous sizes, but which have not yielded specimens as prolifically…About 30 meters further down the decline…Here, slight probing with a fingertip disclosed a soft and highly altered area with a few small pieces of glassy yellow barite. Further work and enlargement of this opening revealed a small pocket full of loose floater clusters of brilliant yellow-orange crystals to about 8 cm. The pocket then widened into an open hole lined with large plates and knobs of spectacular, clean, undamaged crystals. The floor was covered by loose specimens from thumbnails up to one large plate 35 cm across, all of which were removed before extraction of the wall and ceiling specimens. Some of the individual crystals stand up from the matrix and are perfectly transparent, yellow and razor sharp. The largest examples reach almost 7 cm in length and are predominately euhedral, doubly terminated Singles. These occurred either nestled among drusy prismatic crystals, or as discrete “lozenge-shaped” tablets lying squarely on tip of crystal-covered plates. A large number of very fine specimens were collected from this pocket, some of which are the finest examples of barite from the deposit.”1 See David Cook’s et al excellent article in the sited reference for a more complete description of the specimens from this locality and pictures of some of the specimens.
1 Mineralogical Record, Vol. 33, 2002, p 225-234.

Nevada, Carlin Trend, Elco County, Elco, Meikle Mine. The United States has many localities for good Barite specimens but if not for the recent discovery of some remarkable specimens at the Meikle Mine we would still be groveling before the grander of the British specimens. The crystals from the Meikle gold mine are diamond shape, tabular, shiny, golden in color and often very transparent. Faceted stones exceeding 40 carats have been cut from some of the material. Crystals up to six inches across and an inch thick have been found, but the really elegant specimens have smaller crystals. “During early development of haulage drifts and ramps, vugs were encountered essentially from the top of the orebody on down. …during subsequent work on the 328 –meter level, a huge vug (more accurately, a crystal-lined cavern) was discovered. This unsupported natural opening, although somewhat irregular in shape, has maximum dimensions of at least 49 meters in vertical extent and 27 meters (90 feet) in width. A plywood viewing platform has been erected at the entrance to the vug, and lights (always on) have been installed throughout to illuminate this amazing geological feature. The pocket has been informally named the George Bush Vug, since the former President visited it on his underground tour at the time of the official mine opening. The floor, walls, and ceiling of this “crystal cave” are entirely covered with thick, semi-smooth crusts of bladed, pale green, crystallized calcite. On some surfaces of the calcite, multitudes of sparkling tabular barite crystals averaging 1.5 cm have formed. At the end opposite the platform, the vug pinched down and plunges into a near-vertical structure ( a “natural shaft”). In this area, possibly due to increased fluid flow during formation…the barite crystals dramatically increase in size and abundance, covering most of the walls and ceiling. It is difficult to comprehend and to describe the magnitude of the crystallization in this area; on virtually every surface visible in the light of the miner’s lamp, large, deep orange-yellow, lustrous, undamaged barite crystals stand out from the matrix of pale green calcite. …The vug twists slightly and continues downward…and then drops off sharply for about 10 meters, opening once again into another large chamber. …statuesque knobs and bulbous masses of bladed calcite decorated with clusters of crystallized barite can barely be seen on the walls and floor of the room. To date, one has entered or examined this area. Somewhere a connection with drifts on the 373-meter level below has been made, as attested to by the air flow coming up throughout the vug…”1 The mine is exceedingly hot and it is impossible to collect in some of the pockets for more than a few minuets at a time without risk of heat stroke. See Martin Jensen’s fine article in the Mineralogical Record for more juicy descriptions of the barite pockets/caverns in the mine and pictures of some of the fine specimens produced. Even modest specimens from this find will cost you more than $100 and the best ones somewhere north of $5000 or $10,000.
1 Mineralogical Record, Vol. 30, 1999, p 187-96.

Nevada, Carlin Trend, Elco County, Murray Mine. “So-called “sugar cube” (quartz coated) blocky barite xls to 2 cm in 8 cm group (occur larger); similar 7 cm group with 3 cm xls partially coated with quartz and partially not (lustrous barite faces). Common. Also very interesting flat, fairly clear thick tabular 3 cm xl with tiny stibnite xls on edges, hollow (hopper?) center of barite xl has a tiny stibnite needle in it, all perched on blocky barite xl w / tiny stibnite xls, 5.5 cm overall. Rare”1
1 Bill Dameron, personal communication, 2003, description of specimens in his collection.
Alk Casey and Jane about this occurrence.

Nevada, Carlin Trend, Elco County, Elco, SSX Mine. “Nevada is holding on to its “king of barite” reputation with yet another new locality—Anglo Gold’s SSX miner near Elco…Casey and Jane Jones of Geoprime, who are handling the material, told me that the new mine is about 24 miles from the now famous Meikle mine. The barites from this new source, occurring as tabular, diamond-shaped yellow crystals are quite similar to those of the Meikle mine.”1
1 Mineralogical Record, Vol. 33, 2003, p 260-1.
Ask Casey and Jane about these specimens.

Nevada, Eureka County. “Transparent yellow blades to 1.5 cm on sparkling matrix, small stibnite xls, 4 cm. Common…(small prospect not further identified).1
1 Bill Dameron, personal communication, 2003, description of specimens in his collection.

Nevada, Humboldt County, Twin Creeks Mine. “Attractive milky/clear tabular blades to 3 cm, pronounced saw tooth edges, in group on orpiment xls, 7.5 cm. Fairly common (this probably best of the lot).1
1 Bill Dameron, personal communication, 2003, description of specimens in his collection.

Nevada, Lander County, Battle Mountain, Lewis District, Dean Mine, Cumberland Adit. “Jim McGlasson…Littleton, Co…had some small, blue-gray crystals of barite…”.1
1 Mineralogical Record, Vol. 20, 1989, p 391.
Talk to Jim and find out about this stuff.

Nevada, Nye County, Northumberland Mining District, Toquima Range, Northumberland Mine. “The minerals of Northumberland are generally microscopic or submicroscopic with the notable exception of barite. …Barite is common in the eastern flank of the deposit. Crystals in excess of 12 cm have been found lining pockets in jasperoid. Pockets up to 2.5 meters in length and 2 meters wide have been found. Barite in these pockets is commonly etched. The crystals formerly lining the upper portions of the pockets are usually found in a rubble at the bottom of the pocket. The pockets appear to be larger and more common in the northeast area of the pit. The barite crystals are generally elongated along the b-axis <010> and occasionally show phantom inclusions of limonite. The most common colors are greenish brown, golden brown, gray-blue and colorless.”1 The crystals from this locality at their best can be described as quite nice. Certainly the 10 cm doubly terminated crystal perched on a small mound of barite crystals pictured in the sited article that is in the Neil Prenn collection is. However he is an ardent mineral collector and was manager of the mine (1981-1983) and that if probably the best specimen collected to date and most of the specimens from the district are of much lower quality and of less desirable color. The Northumberland mine is a barite mine and not the only place in the district that produces barite crystals.
Mineralogical Record, Vol. 16, 1985, p 39-40.

Nevada, Pershing County, Hecla Rosebud Mine. “Two blocky, porcelain-white tabular xls, 1.5 cm each, 3 cm specimen. Common. Also gray equant crystal, 3x3 cm, showing prominent etching or growth hummocks on front face. Very interesting, very rare.1
1 Bill Dameron, personal communication, 2003, description of specimens in his collection.

New Jersey, Paterson. “Barite was found in a vein in the Prospect Park quarry in 1926 s opaque, colorless to white to bluish white crystals…The usual specimens are intergrown plates of large, rough crystals up to 15 cm in length. Small bluish white crystals were found in the Hinchcliffe Stadium site. A single specimen from this site contained phillipsite in association with barite… .”1 These barites are included here only on the strength that they are from localities that are heavily collected and have been for over a hundred years and are therefore of interest to some collectors.
1 Mineralogical Record, Vol. 9, 1978, p 175.

New Mexico, Socorro County, Hansonburg Area, Blue Destiny 1. “Milky-clear tabular xl, 4.5 cm. Blah.”
1 Bill Dameron, personal communication, 2003, description of specimens in his collection.

New Mexico, Socorro County, Magdalena District, Kelly. “Barite has been found in many of the mines where the ore deposits formed at lower temperatures. Euhedral crystals are whit to pale pink or tan, up to 10 cm long, and form radial and interlocking groups with quartz and fluorite, Many fine specimens of tan barite on quartz have been found in the Juanita mine and similar ones occur in the Kelly mine.”1 This quote is from the excellent article on the Mines at Kelly, New Mexico sited below talks about “fine specimens” none were considered fine enough to picture in the article. The Mines in the district, especially the Kelly mine are much better known to collectors for the wonderful specimens of smithsonite that the locality produced. The Juanita mine in particular has abundant barite and I remember looking at a lot of it and trying to find a good specimen worth keeping and thinking that somewhere in the mine there must be some good specimens, but I was never able to find any. Most collectors and curators would look at a “fine specimen” of barite from the mine and think it perhaps interesting and that’s about it. The mines at Kelly were lead and zinc mines that were operated from about 1882 to 1970.
1 Mineralogical Record, Vol. 20, 1989, p 19.

New Mexico, Socorro County, Bingham, Mex-Tex Mine. “Perfect thin white tabular floater, nearly transparent, 4.5 cm. Others less attractive are common.1
1 Bill Dameron, personal communication, 2003, description of specimens in his collection.

New York, St. Lawrence County, De Kalb. Some well formed white prismatic barites were found at. This a old locality that you rarely see represented in collections today. I have only seen single crystals like the one pictured here which will cause no one to break out in a sweat.

Oklahoma, Cleveland County, Noble., Red Barite roses have been found here and dug for many years and are known locally as “rose rocks” because they look a little like roses. These barite crystals clusters are full of tiny sand grains and colored red by iron minerals. These are found growing floating in the red sandy soil at a number of localities. Some places produce better ones than others. The supply of these is potentially very large and limited only in the markets willingness to buy they. The crystals are sandy in texture and the crystals are mostly smaller than two inches, rounded and arranged in flower like patterns. You can get a good one for less than $50. Large intergrown clusters of these barites are sometimes available and limited in size only by the patience and the strength of the collector to lift them. We (Jewel Tunnel Imports, Baldwin Park, California) have sold thousands of them for $1 each.

Oklahoma, Garvin County, Paoli. “In sections 18 and 19 southeast of Paoli, large barite-claystone concretions cover the floors of several gullies. The barite is crystalline, assumes several pale tints, but does not form distinct crystals. These concretions range up to 25 cm in diameter. Almost pure barite balls of radiating crystal structure occur in scattered locations throughout the Paoli district. Known locally as “raisin rocks,” these barite nodules are almost concentrated where removed from clay by weathering. The nodules range from a few millimeters to several centimeters in diameter. A few exhibit yellow to orange fluorescence in concentric bands under short-wave ultraviolet radiation. Elsewhere barite is a cementing agent of the sandstone, and occasionally forms the well-known “rose rocks” consisting of rounded intergrown plates with much included sand, in the rough shape of a flower. The Paoli “roses” are poorly formed and paler in color than those found in Cleveland County to the north. Bedded crystalline barite occurs in several layers embedded in clay a few kilometers north of ….”1 and so on. The bottom line is that none of them are worth a damn as specimens but are just another example of how wide spread the mineral barite is in the world.
1 Mineralogical Record, Vol. 17, 1986, p 373.

Pennsylvania, Chester County, Phoenixville, Wheatley Mine. “Barite was a common gangue mineral at the Wheatley mine, occurring as white laminated crystalline masses. It also occurs rarely as gray-white bladed crystals up to 2.5 cm and whit platy crystals.1 You will probably never see one of these or if you do you almost certainly will never remember it. However if you collect specimens from this old locality which are almost never offered for sale, you would probably want one. There is a picture of a small specimens in the excellent article by Ronald Sloto on Phoenixville in the sited reference.
1 Mineralogical Record, Vol. 20, 1989, p 378.

Pennsylvania, Perkiomen mine Near……….in the18th century? Produced some clusters of white jackstraw like clusters of barite crystals. I have seen very few of them probably not because they were rare when they were found, but because no one particularly wanted them, and since it is a delicate mineral few of them have survived the passing of time. See the picture. These specimens are probably worth more for because of their antiquity than in any flattering comparison to specimens from other localities.

South Carolina, McCormick County, McCormick. “Two clear prisms to 1.5 cm on gossai, 2 cm. Fairly rare.”1
1 Bill Dameron, personal communication, 2003, description of specimens in his collection.

South Dakota, Meade County, Elk Creek and Butte County, Hoover. The best barites from this locality are considered some of the finest in the world. “Crystals are commonly 2 to 8 cm in length, 1 to 2 cm in width, and tapered toward their terminations. The largest crystal reported from Elk Creek measures 30.5 cm in length and 17.5 cm in circumference. …Barite crystals are commonly found implanted on beautiful yellow or yellow-orange calcite (3mm to 2.5 cm). Aside from providing a nicely contrasting background, the morphology of the individual calcite crystals is unusual… Barite Occurs as colorless, yellow, amber or deep golden brown, transparent crystals that are elongate parallel to <010>…Length to width ratios vary between to 2 to 1 and 7 to 1, resulting in stubby to elongate prismatic crystals. Roberts and Rapp also noted that the dome faces on some crystals are curved right, left, backwards and forwards. These faces may also be rather bumpy and upon close inspection these “bumps” actually represent numerous growth hillocks which may indicate stress within the crystal structure. Th is supported by the extreme sensitivity these crystals have to abrupt temperature changes (e.g., handling a cool crystal with warm fingers); the crystal will immediately fracture internally. Nevertheless, Sinkankas (1959 reports that Elk Creek barite has been more successfully cut and faceted than barite from other localities because the crystals are far less inclined to split. Barite from this locality fluoresces and phosphoresces bright yellow-white under shortwave ultraviolet radiation…”1 “At the Elk Creek and Hoover localities barite occurs in fossiliferous, septarian, calcareous concretions. Concretions are found in several units of the Pierre shale, but at the Elk Creek locality the barite-baring concretions are found within the Gregory Member. This stratigraphic unit is characterized by the presence of Baculites gregoriensis. It is not known with certainty whether the unit hosting the barite-bearing concretions at Hoover is the Gregory Member or not. Along Elk Creek, limestone concretions are found in at least four distinct horizons. Generally, the best horizon is the lowermost one that occurs at or near the creek bottom. Since the bedding is essentially horizontal this lower horizon can be traced for some distance within the draws. Potential barite-bearing concretions can be characterized and oblate spheroids 1 to 3 meters in maximum dimension; they are septarian, fossiliferous and partially hollow. Septa are composed of yellow calcite. Invertebrate fossils found in the concretions include the Cephalopods…”1 There are two localities for golden barite in western South Dakota. Elk Creek is the best know of the two. The other is near Hoover in Meade county. The Mead County locality has also produced fine specimens and are usually distinguished from the Elk Creek locality in that the barites often form sprays of prismatic crystals rather than single crystals isolated on the yellow calcite. The best specimens will cost several thousand dollars and even modest specimens will cost over a hundred. See the good article sited below by Campbell, Campbell & Roberts.
1 Mineralogical Record, Vol. 18, 1987, p 125-8.

Tennessee, Smith County, Elmwood Mine. Few collectors are going to go out and buy a specimen of barite from this locality because they form “white to cream-colored, frothy-appearing masses and nearly perfect hemispheres of spheres to 35 cm in diameter. The individual crystals comprising the spherical aggregates are semi-oriented and have a peculiar, attenuated form with curved faces. The barite commonly occurs on a matrix of sphalerite and/or fluorite, and sometimes galena.”1 They are not very attractive but become so instantly when the beautiful gemmy amber calcite crystals are found growing on them. They are often associated with attractive balls of shiny black sphalerite and blue fluorite crystals. The barite from this mine frequently has some strontium in its structure.
1 Mineralogical Record, Vol. 9, 1978, p 215.

Tristate District, Kansas, Missouri and Oklahoma. This lead and zinc mining district is located intersection of the three states of Kansas, Missouri and Oklahoma is better known for its Galena, Sphalerite and Calcite specimens. The barites are not outstanding but they are of interest to collectors who specialize in minerals from this district. The Texas mine NW1/4 of the NW1/4 of Sec 23, T29N R23E. near Hockerville, in Ottawa County, Oklahoma across the state line from Baxter Springs Kansas has produced some interesting barites. Mining in this district has stopped but in the first part of the twentieth century mining in this district was extensive and continuous for many years. There are literally hundreds of miles of tunnels and it used to be possible to drive around in diesel powered jeeps from one state to another through the various mines. Tons of galena, sphalerite, and calcite specimens were collected when the mines were active. when the district was active but barite specimens were rare. Pockets the size of rooms were not uncommon in the district and it often took longer to wrap the specimens that it did to collect them. Specimens from this district used to be a drug on the market, but today you do not often see them for sale. It is a mystery what happened to all of them.

Utah, Emery County. “One flat transparent clear 3.5 cm xl on yellowish calcite points w / large milky calcite xl pieces. Rare.”
1 Bill Dameron, personal communication, 2003, description of specimens in his collection.

Utah, Dugway Mt. Range, Juab County. “Milky tabular blades, parallel to 5 cm perched on fragile pocket of tiny calcite xls, 7 cm. Rare.”
1 Bill Dameron, personal communication, 2003, description of specimens in his collection.

Utah, Kane County, Orderville, Orderville Mine. “White thin blades in groups to 1.5 cm on mimetite balls, dark yellow wulfenite blades to 1+ cm. Exactly like Mexico San Francisco mine material. 6 cm specimen. Rare.”
1 Bill Dameron, personal communication, 2003, description of specimens in his collection.

Utah, Dugway Mountains, Tooele County, Buckhorn Canyon. “Harvey Gordon…Reno, NV… had large (up to 50 cm)groups of bladed white barite crystals from Buckhorn Canyon…Some are associated with minor purple fluorite and make attractive, large specimens.”1
1 Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24, 1993, p 48.
Talk to Harvey and find out about these barites.

Washington, Northern Cascade Mountains, King County, Spruce Peak, Spruce Claim. “The Spruce claim in King County is now a well-established locality for fine quartz and pyrite specimens. This year was no exception, as more excellent specimens were produced. New this year, however were some large barite crystals. These typically form multiple, parallel growths of opaque, white, diamond-shaped crystals in groups and aggregates up to 20 cm. Specimens were available at the Tucson show from the claim’s owner, Bob Jackson…Renton, WA.1 There is a picture of what is considered a good barite specimen from the locality in the fine article on the locality by John Medici et. al. sited here.2 Barite specimens from the locality are not common and in the compared to specimens from some of the better localities, not very good. The spruce claim is on a steep mountain side and specimens are found and collected with considerable difficulty in spaces between large blocks of granodiorite in a breccia zone but only in the summer time.
1 Mineralogical Record, Vol. 21, 1990, p 485. 2 Mineralogical Record, Vol. 9, 1978, p 349-58.

Washington, Oreille County, Pend, Metaline Falls. “Thick dark amber blade, 1x2 cm on matrix, some palygorskite. 4 cm. Rare”1
1 Bill Dameron, personal communication, 2003, description of specimens in his collection.

Washington, Stevens County, Northport, Flagstaff Mountain. Some unremarkable gray to tan barite specimens, usually associated with a yellow tan calcite have come from Flagstaff Mountain.
Ask Bart Cannon about this locality, how much was collected etc.

Wisconsin, Iron County, Montreal, Montreal Mine. “…a 2-inch diamond-shaped blue barite crystal on matrix…”1 The Montreal Mine is an iron mine. It is a locality not well known to collectors but has produced some good specimens. John Barlow of Appleton, Wisconsin has the best collection of specimens from this mine. “Classic locality, Typical pinkish elongated blades, some whit (quartz?) coating, in nice rosette, 4.5 cm. Also stalactitic growths of "“limonite"” with clusters of salmon colored barite blades to 1 cm, 10 cm. Also occurs in white or orange spears to several cm. Common."2
1 Mineralogical Record, Vol. 11, 1980, p 59. 2 Bill Dameron, personal communication, 2003, description of specimens in his collection.

Wyoming, Carbon County, Shirley Basin. “…tabular blue barite crystals in groups up to 7 cm from Shirley Basin…”1
1 Mineralogical Record, Vol. 21, 1990, p 485.
Ask Mel Dyke for a better locality and description of this material.

Click here to view Best Minerals Baryte Arizona to Kansas and here to view Best Minerals B and here for Best Minerals A to Z and here for Fast Navigation of completed Best Minerals articles.

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.

Edited 9 time(s). Last edit at 01/14/2014 02:51PM by Rock Currier.
Rock Currier October 01, 2009 05:09AM
Pugh Quarry (France Stone Co. Custar quarry), Custar, Wood Co., Ohio, USA

Barite Pugh Quarry 10cm wide

In 1979 a pocket of cream colored barite crystals was found in the Pugh Quarry. The crystals averaged about a cm in size and they were associated with small light tan scalenohedral calcite crystals of about 5mm. About 40 flats of specimens were collected by Joe Kielbaso and Niel Pfaff. The crystals had the unusual property of turning blue when placed in direct sunlight. After about six months to a year the crystals would loose about half their color. The color can be restored by again placing the crystals in the sun.

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.

Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 10/01/2009 05:17AM by Rock Currier.
Bill Dameron March 29, 2010 04:04PM
Rock -- here is one of the best quartz/barite specimens from Spruce Claim, WA. Details can be found in my photo gallery. Image is also in the photo gallery (and in hi res for MinDat users). I am now adding a link to the image in my photo gallery so all the specimen details are available. Here 'tis: Barite Quartz Spruce Claim WA

Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 03/29/2010 09:40PM by William H (Bill) Dameron.
open | download - BariteWASpruceWQuartzTree.jpg (408.6 KB)
Rock Currier March 30, 2010 02:57AM
Its the best one from Spruce I have seen. Bob Jackson would know for sure I think unless some high grader found better and has hid it away.

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
Bill Dameron April 03, 2010 11:32PM
Al and Sue Liebetrau have a larger one but without the good quartz. We got them more or less together from Bob Jackson when he sold his collection. I'll also write up the US, of course, and try to get a picture of the Liebetraus' piece (and look around for others).

Bill Dameron
Rock Currier April 04, 2010 09:30PM
I am glad to see you want to continue on and do all the barites from everywhere. I can't think of a better person to do it. I just wish I could get Si and Ann Frazier to get interested in doing quartz. They have ten file cabinets full of notes about quartz and quartz localities that would do wonders to the little I know about it. You will find as you continue that your interest will be reflected in others, some of whom come forward with suggestions and help.

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
Anonymous User December 03, 2010 05:47AM

Just found this site in search for barite.

I live in Michigan and this summer purchased a very odd barite specimen. It is grouping of almost stalactite-like thick
botryoids, with a rough, limestone colored sand-like surface from the National Mine, Marquette Co Michgian (iron mine). I would have never guessed it was barite (calcite seems more likely) but the habit is represented by specimens in the Seaman Museum and also briefly mentioned (but not illustrated) in Michigan Mineralogy (2004).

It is disappointing that the piece has a number of broken botryoid tips but also interesting in that where there are breaks there are often very thin roughly rectangular shaped slits that on careful inspection are seen to extend along the axis of the botryoids right through the base of the specimen and it would appear the rounded masses formed over previous very thin blades (of barite or something else?) that have since dissolved away. Celestine occurs in blades as thin as the rectangular holes and might be a possibility, but that mineral is rare in the Marquette Range. If you position the piece at just the right angle you can see light passing down the rectangular tunnels by holding the rock up to a light.

Should try to post some pic.

Found this site in an effort to find an online photo of this type of barite but without success and including search on mindat.

Wonder if anyone else has seen this type of material?


Rock Currier December 03, 2010 07:49AM
If you would like to tap the experience of many advanced collectors, curators, and dealers, what you need to do is to take a picture or pictures of the specimen and post them on the Message Board here on mindat in the Identification forum. That will give you the widest possible audience. This particular thread is part of a Wikipedia type of effort to show what the best specimens from all localities look like. Good luck, and welcome to mindat.

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
Harold (Hal) Prior December 03, 2010 04:29PM
FYI - Additional information concerning the Morgan County, Missouri barite localities maybe found in our (Prior & Williams) article “Some Mines & Minerals of Morgan County, Missouri – Rocks and Minerals, Vol. 71, March/April 1996”. We discuss the Buckshot, Hoard, Hibdon Prospects, Lamb, Newell #3, Proctor Creek, and Drybone localities. All are in Morgan county, and ceased operations before 1952. Anyone desiring additional information on the Missouri barite localities - I will gladly share whatever my senior brain has retained. ......Hal P
Rock Currier December 04, 2010 10:28AM
Thanks for the reference. Who ever writes this article, that is Best Minerals Barite, Michigan to Wyoming, I am sure it will be of good help to them. What is in the article now is only some preliminary notes that I gleaned from a few obvious sources and was put there as a place holder hoping that someone would come along with more knowledge about barites and barite localities than I have and that what I put there would help them.

Do you specialize in Barites? Would you like to write the article? If so I would suggest that you start with just the Barites of Missouri. You would need to learn the format that we use and the way we do things. All the images of Missouri barites that are in the Mindat image gallery would be available for you to use plus of course any you might care to upload. You would do it right here in one of these thread fields, just like the one above you put your note about your article. Would you like to give it a try? We have another mindat regular by the name of Bill Dameron who specializes in barite and I know he would also be glad to help you if you wanted to get involved.

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
Anonymous User December 05, 2010 07:15PM
Thanks for directing me to the correct forum, finding my way around the mindat message board.
Harold (Hal) Prior December 09, 2010 05:19PM
In reply to your earlier message.
Do you specialize in Barites? The answer is yes it is one of my too many areas of interest. With about 5,000 specimens in my personal collection, obviously I like them all. Barite would be high on the list because much of my collecting has been in barite areas. Would you like to write the article? I would be willing to add information and do selected portions for the U.S. My schedule for the next couple months is pretty full as we are in the process of closing our storefront mineral business.
If so I would suggest that you start with just the Barites of Missouri. I can do that as it ties into one of the many projects I’m currently working on. You would need to learn the format that we use and the way we do things. I have a somewhat idea as to what needs to be done – however, where would be the best start point to get the overall framework.
All the images of Missouri barites that are in the Mindat image gallery would be available for you to use plus of course any you might care to upload. I would like to look through the galleries and see where we might be missing significant locale pictures in the U.S. I have a number I could add as I photo, maybe put out a plea for members to add to the ones we are missing if they have specimens. I have a fairly extensive mineralogical library that I use for research. Unfortunately, having moved to cooler climate of Iowa, I no longer have access to the great Houston library built primarily by Art Smith
You would do it right here in one of these thread fields, just like the one above you put your note about your article. Would you like to give it a try? As earlier I will start working on Missouri, and add Iowa (Art and I co-authored the Iowa locality article in R&M).
We have another mindat regular by the name of Bill Dameron who specializes in barite and I know he would also be glad to help you if you wanted to get involved. If Bill could communicate what areas he may be working on such as we are not re-inventing the wheel, and we could swap info as necessary. ……Hal P
William C. van Laer December 09, 2010 06:50PM
There is a famous barite digs located along the highway just west of Basin, Montana, in Jefferson County, known as Indian Head Rock. It has produced golden-yellow barite crystals for many decades, but is fairly difficult to work now. Related to this, about 10 miles west of Indian head Rock, is the US Forest Service campground called Whitehouse Campground, where numerous barite veins have been worked by collectors for many years. I have a few of these in my collection and will post a few photos when I can get to it. There is a picture in the Mineralogical Record, Vol. 33, Number 1 (Jan.-Feb.), about the minerals of the Butte District; the barite group pictured on page 42 is NOT from Butte, but from either Indian Head Rock or the Whitehouse Campground locality (George Loud is aware of this now).


William C. (CHRIS) van Laer: "I'm using the chicken to measure it..."
Harold (Hal) Prior December 09, 2010 07:59PM
Thanks that would be great! I have a couple Jefferson County barites - however, not sure it they have additional locale info except jefferson county. Photo yours when you get a chance and I will look for mine we can use the best of selection for the article. doesn't hurt to have multiples from a locale if they show differences. I have a number of barites - however, my cataloging and locating quickly is still a works in progress. Have about 2500 TN's cataloged and indexed keyed to location in the cabinet. Larger specimens cataloging is only partial complete. At this time my collection in several large floor to ceiling cabinets, share a room in our slightly heated basement with our Maine Coon Cats nighttime bedroom. ......Hal P
Bill Dameron February 20, 2011 01:17AM
All -- I have intended to work on all the areas for the best of species for barite except Belgium but have been just too tied up lately. I do have very good specimens from most localities and will try to get some of the pictures up. As for Missouri, I will put them up first. I just improved my Lamb mine with one with larger crystals and will get a photo of it in the next week or so. My barite reference website ( shows what I have (although missing the latest 30 or so), and I do have pretty good reference material for locality articles. I was thinking of splitting the US differently instead of alphabetically, i.e. East, Mid-West, West. Arbitrary also and perhaps too difficult for those not that familiar with the US. Rock: what do you think?
I will be adding about 30 barite photos (and some new localities) to my site over the next week or so and will also upload the images to MinDat unless there are already better ones there. Of these, about 8 are American.
We do want to keep this "best of species." Barite is everywhere, and not always attractive. Also, if there are only one or two good specimens from a locality that would be more of a one-off and probably not make the cut. In Missouri, I would think Lamb, Buckshot and the quarry at Rolla would be good candidates, and even that is stretching it for best of species. It is not supposed to be every locality, and the examples should be excellent. For example, I picked up two new NV pieces, nice and rare localities, collected by Harvey Gordon, and will put them on the comprehensive website, but I they do not qualify for best of species. They are not best of species and they are never seen on the market. It would be good to have the overall site somewhat consistent; that is where one editor comes in (I have not done that which I should have done, as the Confession goes), or at least Rock's overall super-editing.
By the way, speaking of Iowa, I have put up photos on Mindat of some of my Linwood quarry barites. Take a look. I have about six more and will get some more photos up if they are different in habit (most are). I also just got a decent Quincy Mine, speaking of midwest. Hard to get. I had my White Pine barite on copper at Tucson but will get a picture of it up soon. Of my (about) 530 barites most are fairly photogenic. All are larger than thumbnails except three. As for Montana, check the website. I'll get those pictures up also, because some of them are really world class. There is promised article for R&M about Montana's Treasure County locality but the author has been very busy elsewhere. I have the cut stone and one specimen photo to be included.
Keep in touch -- I have been negligent and have started the Germany portion of the Best Of Species after finishing the UK and several small countries. I would be interested in your Missouri project and your ideas on what other localities in the show-me state would rate as best of species for barite. You can e-mail through mindat or at General messages about the Best of species are good to place here on the board where Rock can see them.

Bill Dameron
Paul Brandes February 20, 2011 04:11AM
You can use this photo of baryte from the Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan. About the most locality info I can give is that it's from a small deposit in the Copper Harbor Conglomerate in Ontonagon Co.; beyond that I really can't give much more, not because it's a secret locality, but because there is nothing around that area but trees and Lake Superior!!

Copper Harbor Conglomerate, Ontonagon Co.
Rock Currier February 20, 2011 08:01AM
The idea is to show the best Barytes that we can from all localities. I don't mind if you show images of 20 good ones from a particularly good locality especially if there is a good range of associated minerals with some of them. If a guy goes collecting at a locality that produces decent barite crystals he should be able to come to the Best Mineral barite article for that country/state/etc and be able to compare his collected specimens to the best examples that we have in the database. Of course since Baryte is a common mineral there will be some localities that produce micro or only very poor Baryte that we may wish to exclude, but I am willing to let our authors decide what the cut off point is. Not all minerals shown here need to be world class by any means, and even some exceptional images of micro barites can be included it they strike your fancy.

I would advise sticking with the alphabetical listing for states, because many foreign users are not familiar with just where various states are in the United States, and even those that are may not be very clear on just exactly which states are considered Western or Midwestern, Eastern or Northeastern etc.

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
Bill Dameron February 21, 2011 11:33PM
OK, I generally agree. It is just there are so many ugly barites from everywhere. I do recall the go around about this with Jolyon. Of course, my website is not best of species and is thus designed to catch all barite localities with good crystals TN or larger, but of course I don't have micros, which leaves out too many. I will tend towards inclusiveness.

Bill Dameron
Rock Currier February 22, 2011 09:47AM
I generally leave out micro images, but every once in a while, even for common minerals like quartz and hematite some of our micro photographers have such wonderful images of micros that I feel compelled to include them. I would encourage you to keep an open mind about great micro images and to include a few if you feel they are truly outstanding. Take a look at the German hematites from Rhineland-Palatinate, Eifel Mts, Polch, Ochtendung, Wannenköpfe and I think you will agree that though these hematites are micros they are worthy of inclusion.

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
Bill Dameron February 23, 2011 03:20AM
Agree. I think I included one or two already in previous work. They really do see a wonderful world (with their young eyes; I really get tired trying to do that).

Bill Dameron
Sorry, only registered users may post in this forum.

Click here to login

Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: January 16, 2018 09:47:41
Go to top of page