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Pliocene

Hierarchy:Phanerozoic Cenozoic  Neogene
   Pliocene
Classification:Epoch (as per International Commission on Stratigraphy)
Top:2.588 Ma
Base:5.332 Ma
Preceeds:Quaternary Pleistocene  Gelasian
Follows:Miocene Messinian
Primary Divisions:PiacenzianZanclean
Fossil Record

Data via PaleoBioDB


Taxa Count Key
First appearance
Extinction
First appearance and extinction
Related precursors
KingdomPhylumClassTaxa Count
AnimaliaAnnelida Clitellata4
AnimaliaAnnelida Polychaeta50
AnimaliaArthropoda Arachnida451
AnimaliaArthropoda Branchiopoda10
AnimaliaArthropoda Cephalocarida1
AnimaliaArthropoda Chilopoda19
AnimaliaArthropoda Diplopoda36
AnimaliaArthropoda Entognatha8
AnimaliaArthropoda Hexanauplia1
AnimaliaArthropoda Insecta3,859
AnimaliaArthropoda Malacostraca671
AnimaliaArthropoda Maxillopoda85
AnimaliaArthropoda Merostomata1
AnimaliaArthropoda Ostracoda282
AnimaliaArthropoda Pauropoda3
AnimaliaArthropoda Pycnogonida1
AnimaliaArthropoda Remipedia1
AnimaliaArthropoda Symphyla6
AnimaliaBrachiopoda Craniata8
AnimaliaBrachiopoda Lingulata16
AnimaliaBrachiopoda Rhynchonellata184
AnimaliaBrachiopoda Strophomenata7
AnimaliaBryozoa Gymnolaemata574
AnimaliaBryozoa Phylactolaemata1
AnimaliaBryozoa Stenolaemata89
AnimaliaChordata Actinopterygii213
AnimaliaChordata Amphibia23
AnimaliaChordata Ascidiacea1
AnimaliaChordata Aves716
AnimaliaChordata Cephalaspidomorphi1
AnimaliaChordata Elasmobranchii162
AnimaliaChordata Holocephali3
AnimaliaChordata Mammalia3,405
AnimaliaChordata Myxini1
AnimaliaChordata Reptilia562
AnimaliaChordata Sarcopterygii5
AnimaliaCnidaria Anthozoa692
AnimaliaCnidaria Cubozoa1
AnimaliaCnidaria Hydrozoa16
AnimaliaCnidaria Scyphozoa2
AnimaliaEchinodermata Asteroidea64
AnimaliaEchinodermata Crinoidea28
AnimaliaEchinodermata Echinoidea287
AnimaliaEchinodermata Holothuroidea36
AnimaliaEchinodermata Ophiuroidea49
AnimaliaHemichordata Enteropneusta4
AnimaliaHemichordata Pterobranchia2
AnimaliaMollusca Bivalvia1,627
AnimaliaMollusca Cephalopoda12
AnimaliaMollusca Gastropoda3,142
AnimaliaMollusca Monoplacophora1
AnimaliaMollusca Polyplacophora69
AnimaliaMollusca Scaphopoda47
AnimaliaNematoda Adenophorea3
AnimaliaNematoda Secernentea2
AnimaliaPlatyhelminthes Trematoda1
AnimaliaPorifera Calcarea5
AnimaliaPorifera Demospongiae19
AnimaliaPorifera Hexactinellida41
AnimaliaPorifera Homoscleromorpha1
AnimaliaRotifera Eurotatoria2
AnimaliaTardigrada Eutardigrada5
AnimaliaTardigrada Heterotardigrada1
BacteriaCyanobacteria Cyanophyceae1
ChromistaForaminifera Globothalamea326
ChromistaForaminifera Monothalamea29
ChromistaForaminifera Tubothalamea65
ChromistaHaptophyta Prymnesiophyceae27
ChromistaMyzozoa Dinophyceae8
ChromistaOchrophyta Bacillariophyceae42
ChromistaOchrophyta Chrysophyceae1
ChromistaOchrophyta Dictyochophyceae4
ChromistaOchrophyta Mediophyceae1
ChromistaOchrophyta Phaeophyceae3
ChromistaRadiozoa Polycystina184
FungiAscomycota Dothideomycetes3
FungiAscomycota Eurotiomycetes1
FungiAscomycota Lecanoromycetes1
FungiAscomycota Sordariomycetes2
FungiBasidiomycota Agaricomycetes5
PlantaeAnthocerotophyta Anthocerotopsida1
PlantaeBryophyta Bryopsida2
PlantaeBryophyta Sphagnopsida2
PlantaeCharophyta Charophyceae7
PlantaeCharophyta Zygnematophyceae2
PlantaeChlorophyta Chlorophyceae5
PlantaeChlorophyta Trebouxiophyceae2
PlantaeChlorophyta Ulvophyceae14
PlantaeMarchantiophyta Marchantiopsida2
PlantaeRhodophyta Florideophyceae104
PlantaeRhodophyta Rhodophyceae1
PlantaeTracheophyta Cycadopsida9
PlantaeTracheophyta Ginkgoopsida4
PlantaeTracheophyta Gnetopsida6
PlantaeTracheophyta Liliopsida70
PlantaeTracheophyta Lycopodiopsida9
PlantaeTracheophyta Magnoliopsida504
PlantaeTracheophyta Pinopsida63
PlantaeTracheophyta Polypodiopsida62
ProtozoaAmoebozoa Lobosa1
Intensification of present Icehouse conditions, present (Quaternary) ice age begins roughly 2.58 Ma; cool and dry climate. Australopithecines, many of the existing genera of mammals, and recent mollusks appear. Homo habilis appears.
 

Geologic Events

Event NameTypeAgeArea
Kara-Kul impact (concludes)Impact Event~5 MaTajikistan
Andean orogeny (ongoing)OrogenyMaximum Age: 200 MaSouth America


Overview of geological time

List all geological events
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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