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Miocene

Hierarchy:Phanerozoic Cenozoic  Neogene
   Miocene
Classification:Epoch (as per International Commission on Stratigraphy)
Top:5.332 Ma
Base:23.03 Ma
Preceeds:Pliocene Zanclean
Follows:Paleogene Oligocene  Chattian
Primary Divisions:MessinianTortonianSerravallianLanghianBurdigalianAquitanian
Moderate Icehouse climate, punctuated by ice ages; Orogeny in Northern Hemisphere.

Modern mammal and bird families become recognizable. Horses and mastodons diverse. Grasses become ubiquitous. First apes appear.

Kaikoura Orogeny forms Southern Alps in New Zealand, continues today.

Orogeny of the Alps in Europe slows, but continues to this day. Carpathian orogeny forms Carpathian Mountains in Central and Eastern Europe. Hellenic orogeny in Greece and Aegean Sea slows, but continues to this day. Middle Miocene Disruption occurs.

Widespread forests slowly draw in massive amounts of CO2, gradually lowering the level of atmospheric CO2 from 650 ppmv down to around 100 ppmv.
 

Geologic Events

Event NameTypeAgeArea
Andean orogeny (ongoing)OrogenyMaximum Age: 200 MaSouth America


Overview of geological time

List all geological events
Mineral and/or Locality  
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