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Miocene

Hierarchy:Phanerozoic Cenozoic  Neogene
   Miocene
Classification:Epoch (as per International Commission on Stratigraphy)
Top:5.332 Ma
Base:23.03 Ma
Preceeds:Pliocene Zanclean
Follows:Paleogene Oligocene  Chattian
Primary Divisions:MessinianTortonianSerravallianLanghianBurdigalianAquitanian
Fossil Record

Data via PaleoBioDB


Taxa Count Key
First appearance
Extinction
First appearance and extinction
Related precursors
KingdomPhylumClassTaxa Count
AnimaliaAnnelida Clitellata4
AnimaliaAnnelida Polychaeta46
AnimaliaArthropoda Arachnida729
AnimaliaArthropoda Branchiopoda10
AnimaliaArthropoda Cephalocarida1
AnimaliaArthropoda Chilopoda20
AnimaliaArthropoda Diplopoda39
AnimaliaArthropoda Entognatha8
AnimaliaArthropoda Hexanauplia1
AnimaliaArthropoda Insecta6,059
AnimaliaArthropoda Malacostraca921
AnimaliaArthropoda Maxillopoda105
AnimaliaArthropoda Merostomata1
AnimaliaArthropoda Ostracoda354
AnimaliaArthropoda Pauropoda3
AnimaliaArthropoda Pycnogonida1
AnimaliaArthropoda Remipedia1
AnimaliaArthropoda Symphyla7
AnimaliaBrachiopoda Craniata8
AnimaliaBrachiopoda Lingulata18
AnimaliaBrachiopoda Rhynchonellata232
AnimaliaBrachiopoda Strophomenata7
AnimaliaBryozoa Gymnolaemata887
AnimaliaBryozoa Phylactolaemata1
AnimaliaBryozoa Stenolaemata106
AnimaliaChordata Actinopterygii222
AnimaliaChordata Amphibia24
AnimaliaChordata Ascidiacea1
AnimaliaChordata Aves743
AnimaliaChordata Cephalaspidomorphi1
AnimaliaChordata Elasmobranchii215
AnimaliaChordata Holocephali3
AnimaliaChordata Mammalia6,503
AnimaliaChordata Myxini1
AnimaliaChordata Reptilia882
AnimaliaChordata Sarcopterygii5
AnimaliaCnidaria Anthozoa1,087
AnimaliaCnidaria Cubozoa1
AnimaliaCnidaria Hydrozoa21
AnimaliaCnidaria Scyphozoa2
AnimaliaEchinodermata Asteroidea74
AnimaliaEchinodermata Crinoidea34
AnimaliaEchinodermata Echinoidea453
AnimaliaEchinodermata Holothuroidea40
AnimaliaEchinodermata Ophiuroidea53
AnimaliaHemichordata Enteropneusta4
AnimaliaHemichordata Pterobranchia2
AnimaliaMollusca Bivalvia2,018
AnimaliaMollusca Cephalopoda35
AnimaliaMollusca Gastropoda3,819
AnimaliaMollusca Monoplacophora1
AnimaliaMollusca Polyplacophora36
AnimaliaMollusca Scaphopoda60
AnimaliaNematoda Adenophorea3
AnimaliaNematoda Secernentea2
AnimaliaPlatyhelminthes Trematoda1
AnimaliaPorifera Calcarea5
AnimaliaPorifera Demospongiae20
AnimaliaPorifera Hexactinellida58
AnimaliaPorifera Homoscleromorpha1
AnimaliaRotifera Eurotatoria2
AnimaliaTardigrada Eutardigrada5
AnimaliaTardigrada Heterotardigrada1
BacteriaCyanobacteria Cyanophyceae2
ChromistaForaminifera Globothalamea368
ChromistaForaminifera Monothalamea30
ChromistaForaminifera Tubothalamea71
ChromistaHaptophyta Prymnesiophyceae39
ChromistaMyzozoa Dinophyceae21
ChromistaOchrophyta Bacillariophyceae90
ChromistaOchrophyta Chrysophyceae1
ChromistaOchrophyta Dictyochophyceae8
ChromistaOchrophyta Mediophyceae1
ChromistaOchrophyta Phaeophyceae3
ChromistaRadiozoa Polycystina187
FungiAscomycota Dothideomycetes3
FungiAscomycota Eurotiomycetes1
FungiAscomycota Lecanoromycetes1
FungiAscomycota Sordariomycetes2
FungiBasidiomycota Agaricomycetes6
PlantaeAnthocerotophyta Anthocerotopsida1
PlantaeBryophyta Bryopsida4
PlantaeBryophyta Sphagnopsida2
PlantaeCharophyta Charophyceae8
PlantaeCharophyta Zygnematophyceae2
PlantaeChlorophyta Chlorophyceae5
PlantaeChlorophyta Trebouxiophyceae2
PlantaeChlorophyta Ulvophyceae15
PlantaeMarchantiophyta Jungermanniopsida1
PlantaeMarchantiophyta Marchantiopsida4
PlantaeRhodophyta Florideophyceae134
PlantaeRhodophyta Rhodophyceae1
PlantaeTracheophyta Cycadopsida11
PlantaeTracheophyta Ginkgoopsida6
PlantaeTracheophyta Gnetopsida7
PlantaeTracheophyta Liliopsida69
PlantaeTracheophyta Lycopodiopsida20
PlantaeTracheophyta Magnoliopsida586
PlantaeTracheophyta Pinopsida106
PlantaeTracheophyta Polypodiopsida77
ProtozoaAmoebozoa Lobosa1
Moderate Icehouse climate, punctuated by ice ages; Orogeny in Northern Hemisphere.

Modern mammal and bird families become recognizable. Horses and mastodons diverse. Grasses become ubiquitous. First apes appear.

Kaikoura Orogeny forms Southern Alps in New Zealand, continues today.

Orogeny of the Alps in Europe slows, but continues to this day. Carpathian orogeny forms Carpathian Mountains in Central and Eastern Europe. Hellenic orogeny in Greece and Aegean Sea slows, but continues to this day. Middle Miocene Disruption occurs.

Widespread forests slowly draw in massive amounts of CO2, gradually lowering the level of atmospheric CO2 from 650 ppmv down to around 100 ppmv.
 

Geologic Events

Event NameTypeAgeArea
Andean orogeny (ongoing)OrogenyMaximum Age: 200 MaSouth America


Overview of geological time

List all geological events
 
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