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    Late Pleistocene
    Middle Pleistocene
   Late Cretaceous
   Early Cretaceous
   Late Jurassic
   Middle Jurassic
   Early Jurassic
   Late Triassic
   Middle Triassic
   Early Triassic
   Late Devonian
   Middle Devonian
   Early Devonian
   Late Ordovician
   Middle Ordovician
   Early Ordovician
    Cambrian Stage 10
   Cambrian Series 3
    Cambrian Stage 5
   Cambrian Series 2
    Cambrian Stage 4
    Cambrian Stage 3
    Cambrian Stage 2
  Early Imbrian
  Basin Groups
Hierarchy:Phanerozoic Cenozoic  Quaternary
Classification:Epoch (as per International Commission on Stratigraphy)
Top:0.0002 Ma
Base:0.01143 Ma
Follows:Pleistocene Late Pleistocene
Name origin:From the Ancient Greek words ὅλος (holos, whole or entire) and καινός (kainos, new), meaning "entirely recent".
GSSP:NorthGRIP ice core, central Greenland
GSSP location:75.1000°N, 42.3200°W
GSSP link:View Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point of the International Commission on Stratigraphy
The Quaternary Ice Age recedes, and the current interglacial begins; rise of human civilization.

Sahara forms from savannah, and agriculture begins. Stone Age cultures give way to Bronze Age (3300 BC) and Iron Age (1200 BC), giving rise to many pre-historic cultures throughout the world. Little Ice Age (stadial) causes brief cooling in Northern Hemisphere from 1400 to 1850.

Following the Industrial Revolution, atmospheric CO2 levels rise from around 280 parts per million volume (ppmv) to the current level of 400ppmv.

Geologic Events

Event NameTypeAgeArea
Andean orogeny (ongoing)OrogenyMaximum Age: 200 MaSouth America

Overview of geological time

List all geological events
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