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Hierarchy:Phanerozoic Paleozoic  Carboniferous
Classification:Epoch (as per International Commission on Stratigraphy)
Top:323.2 ± 0.4 Ma
Base:358.9 ± 0.4 Ma
Preceeds:Pennsylvanian Bashkirian
Follows:Devonian Late Devonian  Famennian
Primary Divisions:SerpukhovianViséanTournaisian
FGDC code:M
Fossil Record

Data via PaleoBioDB

Taxa Count Key
First appearance
First appearance and extinction
Related precursors
KingdomPhylumClassTaxa Count
AnimaliaAnnelida Polychaeta32
AnimaliaArthropoda Arachnida89
AnimaliaArthropoda Branchiopoda5
AnimaliaArthropoda Cephalocarida1
AnimaliaArthropoda Chilopoda2
AnimaliaArthropoda Diplopoda4
AnimaliaArthropoda Insecta39
AnimaliaArthropoda Malacostraca16
AnimaliaArthropoda Maxillopoda1
AnimaliaArthropoda Merostomata1
AnimaliaArthropoda Ostracoda210
AnimaliaArthropoda Pycnogonida1
AnimaliaArthropoda Remipedia4
AnimaliaArthropoda Trilobita106
AnimaliaBrachiopoda Chileata8
AnimaliaBrachiopoda Craniata14
AnimaliaBrachiopoda Lingulata40
AnimaliaBrachiopoda Rhynchonellata465
AnimaliaBrachiopoda Strophomenata361
AnimaliaBrachiopoda Tommotiida1 ✝
AnimaliaBryozoa Gymnolaemata18
AnimaliaBryozoa Stenolaemata208
AnimaliaChordata Actinopterygii35
AnimaliaChordata Amphibia14
AnimaliaChordata Cephalaspidomorphi2
AnimaliaChordata Elasmobranchii7
AnimaliaChordata Holocephali2
AnimaliaChordata Reptilia4
AnimaliaChordata Sarcopterygii5
AnimaliaCnidaria Anthozoa336
AnimaliaCnidaria Cubozoa1
AnimaliaCnidaria Hydrozoa3
AnimaliaCnidaria Scyphozoa3
AnimaliaCnidaria Staurozoa12
AnimaliaEchinodermata Asteroidea22
AnimaliaEchinodermata Crinoidea249
AnimaliaEchinodermata Echinoidea13
AnimaliaEchinodermata Holothuroidea54
AnimaliaEchinodermata Ophiuroidea17
AnimaliaHemichordata Pterobranchia4
AnimaliaMollusca Bivalvia344
AnimaliaMollusca Cephalopoda831
AnimaliaMollusca Gastropoda723
AnimaliaMollusca Monoplacophora1
AnimaliaMollusca Polyplacophora10
AnimaliaMollusca Scaphopoda15
AnimaliaNematoda Adenophorea1
AnimaliaPorifera Calcarea2
AnimaliaPorifera Demospongiae15
AnimaliaPorifera Hexactinellida42
BacteriaCyanobacteria Cyanophyceae9
ChromistaForaminifera Globothalamea34
ChromistaForaminifera Monothalamea23
ChromistaForaminifera Tubothalamea115
ChromistaMyzozoa Dinophyceae2
ChromistaRadiozoa Polycystina52
FungiAscomycota Dothideomycetes1
PlantaeChlorophyta Chlorophyceae2
PlantaeChlorophyta Ulvophyceae31
PlantaeRhodophyta Florideophyceae10
PlantaeRhodophyta Rhodophyceae16
PlantaeTracheophyta Cycadopsida1
PlantaeTracheophyta Ginkgoopsida6
PlantaeTracheophyta Lycopodiopsida16
PlantaeTracheophyta Magnoliopsida6
PlantaeTracheophyta Pinopsida8
PlantaeTracheophyta Polypodiopsida23
Large primitive trees, first land vertebrates, and amphibious sea-scorpions live amid coal-forming coastal swamps. Lobe-finned rhizodonts are dominant big fresh-water predators. In the oceans, early sharks are common and quite diverse; echinoderms (especiallycrinoids and blastoids) abundant. Corals, bryozoa, goniatites and brachiopods (Productida, Spiriferida, etc.) very common, but trilobites and nautiloids decline. Glaciation in East Gondwana. Tuhua Orogeny in New Zealand tapers off.

Geologic Events

Event NameTypeAgeArea
Pangaea assembly (begins)Continental Assembly335 - 272 MaGlobal
Charlevoix impactImpact Event342 ± 15 MaQuebec, Canada
Variscan/Hercynian orogeny (concludes)Orogeny~400 - ~280 MaEurope/North America

Overview of geological time

List all geological events
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