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Geo Events

Event NameTypeAgeWhere
Island Park Caldera super-eruptionVolcanic Activity2.1 MaIdaho and Wyoming, USA
Kara-Kul impactImpact Event~5 MaTajikistan
Popigai ImpactImpact Event35.7 ± 0.2 MaAnabarskii massif, Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai), Eastern-Siberian Region, Russia
Chicxulub impactImpact Event66 MaYucatan peninsula, Mexico
Deccan Traps volcanismVolcanic Activity66.25 - 65.5 MaIndia
Kara impactImpact Event70.3 ± 2.2 MaRussia
Ontong Java Plateau secondary eruptionsVolcanic Activity~90 MaSouth Pacific
Kerguelen Plateau formationVolcanic Activity119 - 34 MaSouthern Indian Ocean
Ontong Java Plateau primary eruptionsVolcanic Activity125.0 - 124.6 MaSouth-west Pacific Ocean
Tookoonooka impactImpact Event128 ± 5 MaQueensland, Australia
Morokweng impactImpact Event145.0 ± 0.8 MaSouth Africa
Pangaea breakupContinental Breakup175 - 55 MaGlobal
Andean orogenyOrogenyMaximum Age: 200 MaSouth America
Manicouagan impactImpact Event214 ± 1 MaQuebec, Canada
Laurasia supercontinentSupercontinent215 - 55 MaNorthern Hemisphere
Permian–Triassic extinction eventMass Extinction Event251.941 ± 0.037 - 251.880 ± 0.031 MaGlobal
Hunter-Bowen orogenyOrogeny260 - 225 MaAustralia
Uralian orogenyOrogeny~320 - ~175 MaRussia
Mauritanide Belt orogenyOrogeny~320 - ~270 MaWest Africa
Pangaea assemblyContinental Assembly335 - 272 MaGlobal
Charlevoix impactImpact Event342 ± 15 MaQuebec, Canada
Late Devonian extinctionMass Extinction Event~375 - ~360 MaGlobal
Siljan impactImpact Event376.8 ± 1.7 MaSweden
Variscan/Hercynian orogenyOrogeny~400 - ~280 MaEurope/North America
Ordovician–Silurian extinction eventsMass Extinction Event~455 - ~430 MaGlobal
Caledonian orogenyOrogeny~505 - ~400 MaEurope
Cambrian explosionEvolutionary event541 - 513 ± 3 MaGlobal
Ross orogenyOrogeny~550 - ~480 MaAntarctica
Damara orogenyOrogeny~550 - ~495 MaNamibia
Gondwana formationContinental Assembly~550 - ~500 MaGlobal
Zambezi Belt orogeny (late)Orogeny~550 - ~520 MaZambia and Zimbabwe
Avalon explosionEvolutionary event~575 MaGlobal
Acraman impactImpact Event~590 MaSouth Australia
Beaverhead impactImpact Event~600 MaMontana, USA
Timanide orogenyOrogeny~620 - ~550 MaEurope
Beardmore orogenyOrogeny633 - 620 MaAntarctica
Marinoan glaciation ("Snowball earth")Glaciation Event~650 - ~635 MaGlobal
Cadomian orogenyOrogeny~660 - ~540 MaEurope
Sturtian glaciationGlaciation Event717.4 ± 0.1 - ~660 MaGlobal
Pannotia supercontinentSupercontinent750 - 530 MaGlobal
Rodinia breakupContinental Breakup750 - 633 MaGlobal
Pan-African orogenyOrogeny~870 - ~550 MaAfrica
Zambezi Belt orogeny (early)Orogeny~890 - ~880 MaZambia and Zimbabwe
Late Ruker / Nimrod orogenyOrogeny1000 ± 150 MaAntarctica
First sexual reproductionEvolutionary event~1200 MaGlobal
Sveconorwegian orogenyOrogeny~1250 - ~900 MaEurope
Grenville orogenyOrogeny1250 - 980 MaNorthern America, Scotland
Rodinia assemblyContinental Assembly~1300 - ~900 MaGlobal
Ur joins RodiniaContinental Assembly~1300 - 1071 MaGlobal
Kibaran orogenyOrogeny1400 - 1000 MaMid to Southern Africa
Columbia (Nuna) supercontinent breakupContinental Breakup1425 ± 75 - 1250 ± 50 MaGlobal
Gothian orogenyOrogeny~1750 - ~1500 MaEurope
Sudbury impactImpact Event1850 ± 3 MaSudbury, Ontario
Early Ruker orogenyOrogeny2000 - 1700 MaAntarctica
Svecofennian orogenyOrogeny~2000 - ~1750 MaEurope
Vredefort impactImpact Event2023 ± 0.004 MaFree State Province, South Africa
Columbia (Nuna) supercontinent assemblyContinental Assembly2125 ± 125 - 1780 ± 70 MaGlobal
Eburnean orogenyOrogeny~2200 - ~2000 MaWest Africa
Huronian glaciationGlaciation Event~2400 - ~2100 MaGlobal
Insel orogenyOrogeny2650 ± 150 MaAntarctica
Algoman/Kenoran orogenyOrogeny~2700 - ~2500 MaNorth America
Pongola glaciationGlaciation Event~2900 - ~2780 MaGlobal
Lopian orogenyOrogeny~2900 - ~2800 MaEurope
Humboldt orogenyOrogeny~3000 MaAntarctica
Ur formationContinental Assembly~3100 MaGlobal
Great Oxygenation EventMajor Climatic Event~3500 - ~850 MaGlobal
Rayner orogenyOrogeny~3500 MaAntarctica
Naiper orogenyOrogeny4000 ± 200 MaAntarctica
Late Heavy BombardmentImpact Event~4100 - ~3800 MaGlobal
First lifeEvolutionary event~4280 - ~3500 MaGlobal
First oceansMajor Climatic Event~4410 MaGlobal
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