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Graphite quarry, Amstall, Mühldorf, Waldviertel, Lower Austria, Austriai
Regional Level Types
Graphite quarryQuarry
Amstall- not defined -
Mühldorf- not defined -
Waldviertel- not defined -
Lower AustriaState
AustriaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
48° 22' 38'' North , 15° 18' 7'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Elsenreith136 (2018)2.7km
Ötz168 (2018)2.8km
Mühldorf346 (2018)3.3km
Niederranna149 (2018)3.5km
Zeining163 (2018)3.7km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Graphitbruch (inkl. Weinberg), Amstall, Mühldorf, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich, Österreich


Abandoned graphite quarry with pegmatite outcrops.
Several workings extend from the quarry along the ridge towards the E and SE (i.e., towards Trandorf). Some of them have individual names, e.g., Weinberg (workings on Weinberg Mt, 741 m asl), Corundum Ditch, Red Lake, etc. (for "Turquoise ditch" see sublocality "Weinbergwald")
Located west of Mühldorf.

See also the localities Trandorf and Wegscheid which belong to the same graphite mining district.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Bohemian MassifMassif

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


45 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Niedermayr, G. (1973): Einige neue Mineralfunde aus dem niederösterreichischen Anteil der Böhmischen Masse. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges., 123, 37-40.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Amstallite (TL)
Formula: CaAl(Si,Al)4O8(OH)4 · (H2O,Cl)
Type Locality:
Reference: Quint, R. (1987): Description and crystal structure of amstallite, CaAl(OH)2[Al0.8Si3.2O8(OH)2]·[(H2O)0.8Cl0.2], a new mineral from Amstall, Austria. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1987, 253-262.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: peter neschen collection
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Erwin Löffler and Harald Schillhammer collections
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Description: Well terminated and full crystals are rare. Most of the material is broken.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: peter neschen collection
Delvauxite
Formula: CaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: peter neschen collection
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Habit: small crystals with a maximum size of 5mm
Colour: light to dark green, containing Vanadium
Reference: Ertl, A. (1995): Elbait, Olenit, Dravit-Buergerit-Mischkristalle, Dravit, Uvit und ein neuer Al-Turmalin (?) von österreichischen Fundstellen. - Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges., 140, 55-72.
Elbaite ?
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: This greenish tourmaline was assigned to dravite by chem. analysis and lattice parameters in Ertl, A. (1995): Elbait, Olenit, Dravit-Buergerit-Mischkristalle, Dravit, Uvit und ein neuer Al-Turmalin (?) von österreichischen Fundstellen. - Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges., 140, 55-72.
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Felsőbányaite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Reference: Pristacz, H., Kolitsch, U. & Löffler, E. (2009): 1596) Felsöbányait vom ehemaligen Graphitbergbau Amstall, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 215-216 in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199/119, 189-236.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: peter neschen collection
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: No reference listed
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: peter neschen collection
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: peter neschen collection
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Reference: GOLDMANN, Ch. & LÖFFLER, E. (2008): Die Mineralienfundstellen des Graphitbergbaues Amstall, NÖ. - MEFOS 19/35, 4 - 34, Wien.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Habit: platty crystals
Colour: light blue
Reference: Collection of Martin Slama
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U. (2017): 2037) Magnesiocopiapit aus dem ehemaligen Graphitabbau Amstall, Niederösterreich. P. 256 in Walter, F. et al. (2017): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVI. Carinthia II, 207./127., 217-284.
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U. (2008): 1548: Metavoltin und Szomolnokit vom ehemaligen Graphitbergbau Amstall, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. In: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2008): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVII. Carinthia II, 198./118., 258.; peter neschen collection
'Monazite'
Reference: Niedermayr, G. (1973): Einige neue Mineralfunde aus dem niederösterreichischen Anteil der Böhmischen Masse. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges., 123, 37-40.; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Muscovite var: Vanadian Muscovite
Formula: K(Al,V)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: peter neschen collection
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Olenite
Formula: Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Reference: http://minerals.caltech.edu/manuscripts/in-prep/Submitted/V_Olenite/Index.html Ertl A, Rossman GR, Hughes JM, Ma C, Brandstätter F (2008) V3+-bearing, Mg-rich strongly disordered olenite from a graphite deposit near Amstall, Lower Austria: A structural, chemical and spectroscopic investigation. Neues Jarhbuch für Mineralogie 184, 243-253.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: peter neschen collection;
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: peter neschen collection;
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: peter neschen collection
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); Kolitsch, U. (2008)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: peter neschen collection
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: peter neschen collection
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Erwin Löffler and Harald Schillhammer collections
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
'Scapolite'
Reference: peter neschen collection
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Slavíkite
Formula: (H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Reference: http://www.biologiezentrum.at/pdf_frei_remote/CAR_194_114_0217-0257.pdf
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: peter neschen collection
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: peter neschen collection
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U. (2008): 1548: Metavoltin und Szomolnokit vom ehemaligen Graphitbergbau Amstall, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. In: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2008): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVII. Carinthia II, 198./118., 258.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: peter neschen collection
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Coll. Neuhold/Breier (confirmed); Kolitsch, U. (2008)
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: LÖFFLER, Erwin & KNOBLOCH, Gerald (1997): Türkis-Erstfund in Österreich. Neuentdeckung im Graphitlager von Amstall.- Lapis, 22/10, 44-47, 62, München.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Habit: crystals to 4 cm
Reference: MEIXNER, H. (1968): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XXIII. Carinthia II, 158./78., 96-115 (p. 111); R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Huntite5.AB.25CaMg3(CO3)4
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Felsőbányaite7.DD.05Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Magnesiocopiapite7.DB.35MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Metavoltine7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Slavíkite7.DF.30(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Delvauxite8.DM.35CaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Amstallite (TL)9.DP.25CaAl(Si,Al)4O8(OH)4 · (H2O,Cl)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite ?9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Vanadian Muscovite9.EC.15K(Al,V)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Olenite9.CK.05Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Miscellaneous
Huntite14.4.3.1CaMg3(CO3)4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Metavoltine29.4.6.1Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Felsőbányaite31.4.4.1Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Slavíkite31.9.13.1(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Miscellaneous
Magnesiocopiapite31.10.5.2MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Delvauxite42.6.6.1CaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite ?61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Olenite61.3.1.7Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Amstallite (TL)72.1.4.1CaAl(Si,Al)4O8(OH)4 · (H2O,Cl)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Chlorite Group'-
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Vanadian Muscovite-K(Al,V)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
'Scapolite'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AmstalliteCaAl(Si,Al)4O8(OH)4 · (H2O,Cl)
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
H MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
H FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Muscovite (var: Vanadian Muscovite)K(Al,V)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
OOxygen
O AmstalliteCaAl(Si,Al)4O8(OH)4 · (H2O,Cl)
O CorundumAl2O3
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O RutileTiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
O MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
O Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
O FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Muscovite (var: Vanadian Muscovite)K(Al,V)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Na MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
AlAluminium
Al AmstalliteCaAl(Si,Al)4O8(OH)4 · (H2O,Cl)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Al FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al Muscovite (var: Vanadian Muscovite)K(Al,V)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SiSilicon
Si AmstalliteCaAl(Si,Al)4O8(OH)4 · (H2O,Cl)
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Vanadian Muscovite)K(Al,V)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
PPhosphorus
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
SSulfur
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
S Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
S FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
S SulphurS8
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
ClChlorine
Cl AmstalliteCaAl(Si,Al)4O8(OH)4 · (H2O,Cl)
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
K Muscovite (var: Vanadian Muscovite)K(Al,V)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AmstalliteCaAl(Si,Al)4O8(OH)4 · (H2O,Cl)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V Muscovite (var: Vanadian Muscovite)K(Al,V)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
FeIron
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Fe SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
Fe Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
CuCopper
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Silurian - Neoproterozoic
419.2 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3151804
Bohemian Massif (Böhmische Masse)

Age: Neoproterozoic to Silurian (419.2 - 1000 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{gneiss}, Minor{mica schist,phyllite,amphibolite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3189974
Neoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Meixner, H. (1968): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XXIII. Carinthia II, 158./78., 96-115 (p. 111, on xenotime).
Huber, S. & Huber, P. (1977): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 8: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich und Burgenland. C. Weise Verlag, München, 270 pp.
Weber, L. (1987): Die geologischen Grundlagen des Grafitbergbaues in Niederösterreich. Pp. 369-387 in: Kusternig, A. (Hrsg.) (1987): Bergbau in Niederösterreich. Studien und Forschungen aus dem niederösterreichischen Institut für Landeskunde, Band 10, Selbstverlag des NÖ Instituts für Landeskunde, Wien, 502 pp.
Exel, R. (1993): Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs
Blaß, G. & Graf, H.W. (2000): Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten in Österreich - "Vanadin-Muskovit" Amstall. Mineralien-Welt xx (5), xx-xx.
Goldmann, C. & Löffler, E. (2008): Die Mineralienfundstellen des Graphitbergbaues Amstall, NÖ. MEFOS 19/35, 4-34.
Ertl, A. & Wagner, A. (2008): Der Graphitbergbau Weinberg bei Amstall - Eine interessante Mineralienfundstelle. MEFOS, 19/35, 36-38.
Kolitsch, U. (2008): 1548: Metavoltin und Szomolnokit vom ehemaligen Graphitbergbau Amstall, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. In: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2008): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVII. Carinthia II, 198./118., 258.
Pristacz, H., Kolitsch, U. & Löffler, E. (2009): 1596) Felsöbányait vom ehemaligen Graphitbergbau Amstall, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 215-216 in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199/119, 189-236.
Kolitsch, U. (2017): 2037) Magnesiocopiapit aus dem ehemaligen Graphitabbau Amstall, Niederösterreich. P. 256 in Walter, F. et al. (2017): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVI. Carinthia II, 207./127., 217-284.


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