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Kami Mine, Ayopaya Province, Cochabamba, Bolivia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 17° 28' South , 66° 52' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -17.46667,-66.86667
GeoHash:G#: 6sbkwkm1m
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


Tungsten & tin mine; high-temperature hydrothermal veins in tourmalinized hornfels country rock. Elevation 2,900m to 4,350m.
Best known to collectors for its relatively abundant Japan-law twinning in quartz.

Ref.:
- Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): International Strategic Mineral Issues Summary Report - Tungsten. US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

36 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Salomon Rivas & Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl.
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: XRD by Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl, Karlovy University, Prague
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Ahlfeld, F. and Schneider-Scherbina, A. (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. Boletín No. 5 (especial), p 69. Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Ahlfeld, F. & Schneider-Scherbina, A. (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia.
Brannerite
Formula: (U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: SEM analysis by Tony Nikischer, Excalibur Mineral Co.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: XRD by Jaroslav Hyrsl. Structure determination by Dr. Frank Hawthorne, U. of Manitoba
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl. Wet chemistry analysis by COMIBOL.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl.
'Hornfels'
Reference: Alfredo Petrov field observations
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl.
'Jeromite'
Reference: Checked by SEM and wet chemical analysis. Amorphous.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: XRD by Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl, Karlovy University, Prague.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: XRD by Jaroslav Hyrsl.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: XRD by Jaroslav Hyrsl (Karlovy Univ., Prague) and Frank Keutsch (Harvard).
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov, field observations.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Ahlfeld, F. & Schneider-Scherbina, A. (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia.
Pitticite
Formula: (Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl. Checked by SEM and wet chemical analysis.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl. Crystallized species XRD by Jaroslav Hyrsl. Jeromite and pitticite checked by SEM and wet chemical analysis.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl. Checked by wet chemistry.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Reference: Collection of Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Arsenic'1.CA.05As
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Jamesonite'2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
'Wurtzite'2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Brannerite'4.DH.05(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Ferberite'4.DB.30FeWO4
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Tungstite'4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Siderite'5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Chalcanthite'7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
'Jarosite'7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Langite'7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
'Melanterite'7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Augelite'8.BE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)3
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
'Lazulite'8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
'Pitticite'8.DB.05(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
'Scorodite'8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
'Vivianite'8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Dravite'9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Hornfels'-
'Jeromite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
'Jeromite'2.12.12.1
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
AX3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Brannerite8.3.4.1(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Augelite41.6.8.1Al2(PO4)(OH)3
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Pitticite43.5.3.1(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Hornfels'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
H Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H TungstiteWO3 · H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
O BaryteBaSO4
O Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O FerberiteFeWO4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
O QuartzSiO2
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O TungstiteWO3 · H2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
TiTitanium
Ti Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
AsArsenic
As ArsenicAs
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
NbNiobium
Nb Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W FerberiteFeWO4
W TungstiteWO3 · H2O
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
ThThorium
Th Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3192909
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Localities in this Region
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Bolivia

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