Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

El Criollo Mine, Cerro Blanco pegmatite district, Tanti, Punilla Department, Córdoba, Argentina

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 31° 21' 28'' South , 64° 39' 9'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -31.35778,-64.65250
Köppen climate type:Cwb : Subtropical highland climate or temperate oceanic climate with dry winters

Granite pegmatite quarry about 10 km from the town of Tanti. The blue cobaltoan genthelvite from here, now widely distributed in collections, is not from the pegmatite body itself, but from a younger vein of friable specular hematite that cuts across the pegmatite body.

Main Mineralization:
Triplite (coppery brown color):
Mines El Criollo and El Gaucho, Cerro Blanco, Tanti Department. Punilla, Cordoba: The core zone, large masses or bochones of up to 5 m in diameter. The meteoric action alters it to strengite, phosphosiderite, bermanite, libethenite, dufrenite, eosphorite, and rockbridgeite.

Eosphorite (reddish-brown color):
El Criollo Mine, Cerro Blanco, Tanti Department Punilla Córdoba. With bermanite, phosphosiderite and manganese oxides as products of alteration of triplite.

Bermanite (microcrystals, brown caramel color):
In pegmatites of the Cerro Blanco, Tanti, Punilla Department, Córdoba. In thin crusts between the products of alteration of the triplite present in this locality's pegmatites. It is associated with phosphosiderite, eosphorite, and pachnolite. Also deposited directly on manganese oxides or covered partially by them.

Strengite (microcrystals, rose-purple color):
El Criollo Mine, Cerro Blanco, Department Punilla, Cordoba. Occurs in drusen material altered pegmatitic bodies, accompanied by apatite, sulphides and quartz; also in thin crusts covering cracks in triplite; less frequent as aggregates of radial-fibrous spherulites.

Phosphosiderite (microcrystals, violet color):
El Criollo Mine, Cerro Blanco, Department Punilla, Cordoba. Frequently as druses with beautiful crystals of 1 mm, well developed, very varied habits.

Torbernite, Metatorbernite:
Cerro Blanco, Tanti, Punilla Department, Cordoba. The pegmatite carries primary and secondary uranium minerals.

Mineral List

65 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic - Neoproterozoic
252.17 - 1000 Ma

ID: 3191425
Precambrian-Phanerozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic to Permian (252.17 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gay, H.D. (1968) Fosfatos en la pegmatita del cerro Blanco, Tanti, provincia de Córdoba. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina: 23: 279-286.
Hurlbut, S.C. and Aristarain, L.F. (1968) Bermanite and its occurrence in Córdoba, Argentina. American Mineralogist: 53: 416-431.
Schalamuk, I.B. (1969) Contribución al conocimiento de los fosfatos de las pegmatitas de cerro Blanco, Tanti, provincia de Córdoba. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina: 25: 121-137.
Toubes, R.O., Chaar, E., and Spikermann, J.P. (1973) Minerales radioactivos de la República Argentina. 5° Congreso Geológico Argentino: 1: 249-260.
American Mineralogist (1978) 53: 416-431.
Gay, H.D. and Franchini, M.B. (1984) Cristales de triplita en pegmatitas de las sierras de Córdoba. Revista de la Asociación Argentina de Mineralogía, Petrología y Sedimentología: 15 (1-2): 46-48.
Dina, H. (1993) Hentschelita en Cerro Blanco, Tanti, Córdoba. Informacion Tecnologica: 48(3-4): 277-282.
Demartin, F., Pilati, T., Gay, H.D., and Gramaccioli, C.M. (1993) The crystal structure of a mineral related to paulkerrite. Zeits. Kristallogr.: 208: 57–71.
Demartin, F., Gay, H.D., Gramaccioli, C.M., and Pilati, T. (1997) Benyacarite, a new titanium-bearing phosphate mineral species from Cerro Blanco, Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 707–712.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.
Mas, G., Peral, H., and Bengochea, L. (2002) Triplita de Cerro Blanco, Córdoba, Argentina: triplita o zwieselita? 6° Congreso de Mineralogía y Metalogenia: 263-266.
Černý, P., Galliski, M.A., Oyarzábal, J.C., Teertstra, D.K., Chapman, R., MacBride, L., and Ferreira, K. (2003) Stranded and equilibrated assemblages of late feldspars in two granitic pegmatites in the Pampean Ranges, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist: 41(4): 1013-1026.
Mr. Nelson Valenzuela.

Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: May 23, 2019 14:15:54 Page generated: March 14, 2018 21:35:07
Go to top of page