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Columbia mine, Marion, Crittenden Co., Kentucky, USAi
Regional Level Types
Columbia mineMine
Marion- not defined -
Crittenden Co.County
KentuckyState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
37° 20' 28'' North , 88° 8' 52'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Marion2,986 (2017)6.0km
Crayne173 (2011)9.8km
Salem739 (2017)12.1km
Cave-in-Rock318 (2011)14.3km
Fredonia393 (2017)16.9km


Ref.: Dana 6:1085.
The oldest mine in the Illinois - Kentucky fluorspar district, it was opened in 1835 by a consortium of men including President Andrew Jackson. They sought silver from the galena. In the 1940's the mine was briefly reopened as a source of zinc in the form of sphalerite. The mine is privately owned, and it is possible to get permission to collect from the dumps. In 2005 & 2006, trenches were dug on the vein and through old mine workings. Massive fluorite, galena crystals, smoky quartz, and vugs of smithsonite (several colors) have been found. Contact the Ben E. Clement Mineral Museum for more information.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


12 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Dana 6:1085.; Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49; Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440; USGS Professional Paper 36
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440; USGS Professional Paper 36
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Dana 6:1085.; Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49; Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440; USGS Professional Paper 36
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Dana 6:1085.; F. J. Fohs (1907) The Fluorspar Deposits of Kentucky. KGS Bull 9 296pp.; Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49; Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440; USGS Professional Paper 36
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Specimen collected by A. Goldstein 4-1-06; Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49; USGS Professional Paper 36
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: P Cristofono collection, 2006
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Mike Dennis
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440; USGS Professional Paper 36
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: P Cristofono collection; Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: F. J. Fohs (1907) The Fluorspar Deposits of Kentucky. KGS Bull 9 296pp.; Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440; USGS Professional Paper 36
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: F. J. Fohs (1907) The Fluorspar Deposits of Kentucky. KGS Bull 9 296pp.; Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49; Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440; USGS Professional Paper 36

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S GreenockiteCdS
S AnglesitePbSO4
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
ZnZinc
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
USA

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