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Namibia

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Key
Lock Map
Geological map of Namibia

Namibia
Pforte train station in Namibia

Namibia
Exploration shaft

Namibia
Geological map of Namibia

Namibia
Pforte train station in Namibia

Namibia
Exploration shaft

Namibia
Geological map of Namibia

Namibia
Pforte train station in Namibia

Namibia
Area:825,615 km2
Locality type:Country


Known as South-West Africa prior to 1968 (former German colony at the turn of the 18th/19th century).

The Fourth Delimitation Commission, tabled in 2013 change Namibia to 14 regions and 121 constituencies (previously known as districts).


Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

Actinolite

Adamite

var: Cobaltoan Adamite

var: Cuprian Adamite

Aegirine

Aegirine-augite

Aeschynite-(Ce)

Agardite-(Ce)

Ajoite

Åkermanite

Alabandite

Alamosite

Albite

var: Andesine

var: Cleavelandite

var: Oligoclase

var: Pericline

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Algodonite

'Alkali Feldspar'

Allanite-(Ce)

'Allanite Group'

Alleghanyite

Alluaudite

'Alluaudite-Na□'

Almandine

Alstonite

Alunite

Amblygonite

'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'

'Amphibole Supergroup'

'var: Byssolite'

Analcime

Anatase

'Ancylite'

Andalusite

Andradite

var: Demantoid

var: Melanite

Andyrobertsite (TL)

Anglesite

Anhydrite

Ankerite

Anorthite

Antimony

Apachite

'Apatite'

'Apophyllite'

Aragonite

var: Plumboan Aragonite

var: Tarnowitzite

var: Zincian Aragonite

'Arandisite'

Arcanite

Archerite

Ardealite

Arfvedsonite

'Arisite'

Arisite-(Ce) (TL)

Arisite-(La) (TL)

'Arnhemite'

Arrojadite-(KFe)

Arsenbrackebuschite (TL)

Arsendescloizite (TL)

Arseniosiderite

Arsenogoyazite

Arsenohopeite (TL)

Arsenopyrite

Arsentsumebite (TL)

Arthurite

Ashoverite

Asisite (TL)

Astrophyllite

Atacamite

Augite

Aurichalcite

Austinite

var: Cuprian Austinite

Axinite-(Fe)

'Axinite Group'

Axinite-(Mg)

Azurite

Babingtonite

Baddeleyite

Baileychlore

Barbosalite

Bartelkeite (TL)

Barysilite

Baryte

Barytocalcite

'Bastnäsite'

Bastnäsite-(Ce)

Bastnäsite-(La)

Bavenite

Bayldonite

Beaverite-(Cu)

Benstonite

Bermanite

Berndtite

Bertrandite

Beryl

var: Aquamarine

var: Emerald

var: Goshenite

var: Heliodor

var: Morganite

β-Roselite

Betekhtinite

Betpakdalite-CaCa

Betpakdalite-CaMg (TL)

Beudantite

Beusite

Beyerite

Biehlite (TL)

'Bindheimite'

'Biotite'

Bismite

Bismoclite

Bismuth

Bismuthinite

Bismutite

Bixbyite

Blödite

Boltwoodite

Bornite

Boulangerite

Bournonite

'Brabantite'

Brannerite

Braunite

Brazilianite

Brezinaite

Brianyoungite

Briartite

Britvinite

Brochantite

Brockite

Brookite

Brucite

Brunogeierite (TL)

Brushite

Burbankite

Bustamite

Cacoxenite

Cahnite

'Calcioancylite'

Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Calcioandyrobertsite (TL)

Calcite

var: Ferroan Calcite

var: Iceland Spar

Calderite (TL)

Caledonite

Calvertite (TL)

Cancrinite

Carbocernaite

Carlfrancisite (TL)

Carminite

'Carnevallite'

Carnotite

Carrollite

Cassiterite

Catapleiite

Cattiite

Cebaite-(Ce)

Celadonite

Celestine

Celsian

Cerianite-(Ce)

Cerite-(Ce)

Ceruleite

Cerussite

'Chabazite'

Chalcanthite

Chalcocite

Chalcophanite

Chalcophyllite

Chalcopyrite

Chamosite

Changoite

Chenevixite

Chernovite-(Y)

'Chevkinite Group'

Childrenite

'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'

Chlorargyrite

var: Bromian Chlorargyrite

'Chlorite Group'

Chromite

Chrysoberyl

Chrysocolla

Chudobaite (TL)

Churchite-(Y)

Cinnabar

Claudetite

'Clays'

Clinobisvanite

Clinochlore

'Clinochrysotile'

Clinoclase

Clinoenstatite

Clinohumite

'Clinoptilolite'

Clinoptilolite-Na

'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'

Clino-suenoite

Clinozoisite

Coffinite

Collinsite

Columbite-(Fe)

'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'

'Columbite-Tantalite'

Colusite

Conichalcite

Connellite

Cookeite

'Copiapite Group'

Copper

'Copper Sulphides'

Cordierite

Cordylite-(Ce)

Corkite

Cornwallite

Coronadite

Corundum

Covellite

Crandallite

Crednerite

Cristobalite

Crocoite

Cryolite

Cryptomelane

Cubanite

Cuprite

var: Chalcotrichite

Cupropearceite

Cupropolybasite

Cuprotungstite

Cuspidine

Cyrilovite

Dalyite

Damaraite (TL)

Danburite

Datolite

Daubréelite

'Davidite'

Davidlloydite (TL)

Defernite

Delafossite

Descloizite

var: Cuprian Descloizite

'Desert Rose'

Devilline

Diamond

Diaspore

Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)

Digenite

Diopside

Dioptase

Dittmarite

Djurleite

Dollaseite-(Ce)

Dolomite

var: Cobaltoan Dolomite

var: Ferroan Dolomite

var: Zincian Dolomite

Domeykite

Dravite

Dufrénite

Duftite (TL)

'Duftite-alpha'

Dumortierite

Dundasite

Dyscrasite

Dzhalindite

Ekatite (TL)

Elbaite

var: Siberite

Ellingsenite (TL)

Elyite

Enargite

Enstatite

var: Bronzite

Eosphorite

Epidote

Erikapohlite (TL)

Ernstite (TL)

Eskolaite

Euclase

Eucryptite

Eudialyte

'Eudialyte Group'

Eugenite

Euxenite-(Y)

Eylettersite

Eyselite (TL)

Fahleite (TL)

Fairfieldite

Famatinite

Fayalite

'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'

Feinglosite (TL)

'Feldspar Group'

'var: Perthite'

Ferberite

'Fergusonite'

Ferri-ghoseite

Ferrilotharmeyerite (TL)

Ferrimolybdite

Ferrisicklerite

'Ferrisicklerite-Sicklerite Series'

Ferro-actinolite

Ferroceladonite

Ferronigerite-2N1S

Ferro-pargasite

Fleischerite (TL)

Fletcherite

Florencite-(Ce)

Fluocerite-(Ce)

Fluorapatite

var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite

Fluorapophyllite-(K)

Fluor-elbaite

'Fluor-hornblende'

Fluorite

var: Yttrofluorite

'Fluorkenopyrochlore' (FRL)

Fluor-schorl

Foitite

Fornacite

Forsterite

Fraipontite

Frondelite

Furutobeite

'Gadolinite'

Gahnite

Gaitite (TL)

Galaxite

Galena

Gallite (TL)

Gallobeudantite (TL)

Galloplumbogummite (TL)

Ganophyllite

'Garnet Group'

Gartrellite

Gebhardite (TL)

Geminite

Gerdtremmelite (TL)

Germanite (TL)

Germanocolusite

Gibbsite

Giniite (TL)

'Glass'

Glaucochroite

Glaucodot

Goethite

Gold

Goldmanite

Gordaite

Gormanite

Götzenite

Goyazite

Grandidierite

Graphite

Gratonite

Greenockite

Grootfonteinite (TL)

Grossular

Grunerite

'Gummite'

Gypsum

var: Selenite

Hagendorfite

Haiweeite

Halite

Hardystonite

Harkerite

Hastingsite

Hausmannite

Haüyne

Hectorite

Hedenbergite

Hedyphane

Helmutwinklerite (TL)

Helvine

Hematite

var: Martite

Hematophanite

Hemimorphite

Herbertsmithite

Herderite

Hereroite (TL)

Hermannroseite (TL)

Hetaerolite

Heterogenite

Heterosite

'Heterosite-Purpurite Series'

'Heulandite'

Heulandite-Na

Hexahydrite

Hidalgoite

Hilairite

Hillebrandite

Holdawayite (TL)

Hollandite

'Hornblende'

Hörnesite

Hübnerite

Humberstonite

Hureaulite

Hydrocerussite

Hydrohetaerolite

Hydroxylapatite

var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite

'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'

Hydroxylherderite

Hydrozincite

'Hypersthene'

Ianbruceite (TL)

Idaite (TL)

Ilmenite

'Indicolite'

Iodargyrite

Iron

var: Kamacite

Itoite (TL)

Ixiolite

Jacobsite

Jaffeite (TL)

'Jahnsite Group'

Jamesite (TL)

Jamesonite

Janchevite (TL)

Jarosite

Jeremejevite

Jerrygibbsite

Johillerite (TL)

Johninnesite (TL)

Joosteite (TL)

Jordanite

Kahlerite

Kalistrontite

Kamphaugite-(Y)

Kanemite

Kaolinite

Karibibite (TL)

Kasolite

Kegelite (TL)

Kentrolite

Kenyaite

Kësterite

Keyite (TL)

'K Feldspar'

'var: Adularia'

Khorixasite (TL)

Khristovite-(Ce)

Kidwellite

Kinoshitalite

'Kintoreite-Segnitite Series'

Kirschsteinite

Kombatite (TL)

Koritnigite (TL)

Korobitsynite

Köttigite

Kozoite-(La)

Krieselite (TL)

Kryzhanovskite

Kutnohorite

Kyanite

'Labradorite'

Labuntsovite-Mn

Labuntsovite Supergroup

Lammerite

Lanarkite

Landesite

Langite

Larsenite

Laueite

Laumontite

Lautite

Lavendulan

var: Zinclavendulan (FRL)

Lazulite

Lead

Leadhillite

Lechatelierite

Legrandite

Leightonite

Leiteite (TL)

Lepidocrocite

'Lepidolite'

Leucite

Leucophoenicite

Leucophosphite

Liebigite

'Limonite'

Linarite

Lindströmite

Linnaeite

Lipscombite

Litharge

Lithiophilite

'Lithiophilite-Triphylite Series'

Löllingite

Lovdarite

Lovozerite Group

Ludjibaite

Ludlockite (TL)

Lukrahnite (TL)

Luzonite

Macphersonite

Magadiite

Maghemite

Magnesio-arfvedsonite

Magnesio-hornblende (TL)

Magnesio-riebeckite

Magnesite

Magnetite

var: Titaniferous Magnetite

Maikainite

Makatite

Malachite

Maldonite

Manganberzeliite

'Manganese Oxides'

'var: Manganese Dendrites'

Manganite

'Manganoan Calcite'

'Manganocummingtonite'

Manganosite

Marcasite

Margarite

Massicot

Mathewrogersite (TL)

Mawbyite

Mawsonite

Mcconnellite

Meionite

Melanotekite

Melanterite

'Melilite Group'

Mélonjosephite

Metacinnabar

Metahaiweeite

Metakahlerite

Metanováčekite

Metasideronatrite

Metatorbernite

Metazeunerite

Microcline

var: Amazonite

var: Hyalophane

Microlite Group

Milarite

Millerite

Mimetite

'Mineral GS1 (of Gebhard)'

Minium

Minrecordite (TL)

Mitridatite

Mixite

Molybdenite

Molybdite

Molybdofornacite (TL)

Molybdophyllite

'Monazite'

Monazite-(Ce)

Monazite-(La)

Monetite

Montebrasite

Montgomeryite

Monticellite

Montmorillonite

Moraesite

Morinite

Mottramite

var: Duhamelite

Mundrabillaite

Muscovite

var: Sericite

Nacareniobsite-(Ce)

Nacrite

Nadorite

Nahcolite

Nambulite

Namibite (TL)

Namuwite

Narsarsukite

'Native Amalgam'

Natrojarosite

Natrolite

Natronambulite

Natrophosphate

Nenadkevichite

Nepheline

Neptunite

Nontronite

Nordenskiöldine

Norsethite

O'Danielite (TL)

Ojuelaite

Olenite

Olivenite

var: Zincian Olivenite

Omongwaite (TL)

Opal

var: Opal-AN

var: Opal-CT

Orthoclase

Otavite (TL)

Otjisumeite (TL)

Ovamboite (TL)

Oxy-dravite

Palygorskite

Papagoite

Paradamite

Parádsasvárite

Paragonite

Paratacamite

'Parisite'

Parisite-(Ce)

Parnauite

Pearceite

Pectolite

Pentahydrite

Pentlandite

Perroudite

Petalite

'Petrified Wood'

Pharmacosiderite

Phenakite

Philipsbornite

Philipsburgite

Phlogopite

Phoenicochroite

Phosgenite

Phosphosiderite

Phosphuranylite

Phurcalite

Pigeonite

Pirssonite

Plancheite

Plattnerite

Plumboferrite

Plumbogummite

var: Ga-rich plumbogummite

Plumbojarosite

Plumboselite (TL)

Plumbotsumite (TL)

Pollucite

Polybasite

Polycrase-(Y)

Polydymite

Posnjakite

Powellite

Prehnite

Prosopite

Prosperite (TL)

Pseudomalachite

'Psilomelane'

Pucherite

'Pumpellyite'

Pumpellyite-(Mg)

Purpurite

Pyrite

Pyrobelonite

'Pyrochlore'

Pyrochlore Group

Pyrochlore Supergroup

var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)

Pyrochroite

'Pyrocoproite'

Pyrolusite

Pyromorphite

Pyrophanite

'Pyrophosphite'

Pyrophyllite

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Amethyst

var: Blue Chalcedony

var: Blue Lace Agate

var: Carnelian

var: Chalcedony

var: Citrine

var: Eisenkiesel

var: Gwindel

var: Jasper

var: Pietersite

var: Rock Crystal

var: Rose Quartz

var: Sceptre Quartz

var: Smoky Quartz

Queitite (TL)

Raspite

Realgar

Reinerite (TL)

Renierite

Rhodochrosite

Rhodonite

Ribbeite (TL)

Richterite

Riebeckite

Rinkite-(Ce)

Robertsite

Rockbridgeite

Romanèchite

Rosasite

'Rosenbuschite Group'

Rossmanite

Rouvilleite

Roxbyite

Roymillerite (TL)

'Rubellite'

Russellite

Rutile

'Sagenite'

Sahlinite

Sakhaite

Sampleite

Sanidine

Sarcopside

Sauconite

'Sazhinite'

Sazhinite-(Ce)

Sazhinite-(La) (TL)

'Scapolite'

Schaurteite (TL)

Scheelite

Schizolite

Schneiderhöhnite (TL)

Scholzite

Schorl

Schreibersite

Schröckingerite

Schultenite (TL)

Scolecite

Scorodite

Scorzalite

Scotlandite

Segnitite

Seligmannite

Sellaite

Serandite

Serpierite

Sewardite (TL)

Shattuckite

Sicklerite

Siderite

var: Zincian Siderite

Sideronatrite

'Sideronatrite-2M'

Sidpietersite (TL)

Siegenite

Sillimanite

Silver

Skorpionite (TL)

'Smectite Group'

Smithsonite

Sodalite

Söhngeite (TL)

Spertiniite

Spessartine

var: Emildine

Sphalerite

Spinel

Spodumene

var: Kunzite

Stanĕkite (TL)

Stannite

Stannoidite

Starkeyite

Staurolite

Steacyite

'Steacyite Group'

Stellerite

Stercorite (TL)

Stewartite

'Stibiconite'

Stibioclaudetite (TL)

Stibnite

'Stilbite'

Stolzite

Stottite (TL)

Stranskiite (TL)

Strengite

Stromeyerite

Strontianite

Strunzite

Struvite

Sulphohalite

Sulphur

Sulvanite

Susannite

Sussexite

Swaknoite (TL)

Sylvite

'Synchysite'

Synchysite-(Ce)

Synchysite-(Y)

Taenite

Tainiolite

Talc

Talmessite

Tangeite

'Tantalite'

Tantalite-(Fe)

Tantalite-(Mn)

'Tapiolite'

Tarbuttite

Tavorite

Tennantite

var: Argentiferous Tennantite

'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'

Tenorite

Tephroite

Tetrahedrite

Thaumasite

'Thénardite'

Thometzekite (TL)

Thorianite

Thorite

Thornasite

'Thorogummite'

Thorutite

'Tiger's Eye'

Tilasite

Tinsleyite

Titanite

var: Keilhauite

Tobermorite

Todorokite

Topaz

Torbernite

'Tourmaline'

'var: Achroite'

'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'

Tremolite

Tridymite

Triphylite

Triplite

Troilite

Trona

Tsepinite-Na

Tsumcorite (TL)

Tsumebite (TL)

Tsumgallite (TL)

Tungstenite

Tungstite

Tuperssuatsiaite

Turquoise

Tyuyamunite

'UM1970-16-OH:GeMn'

'UM1990-59-SiO:AlBCHMg'

Umangite

'Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)'

'Unnamed (Ce-analogue of Kozoite-(La) and -(Nd))'

'Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Zakharovite)'

'Unnamed (Kanemite-related mineral)'

'Unnamed (Mcgovernite-like mineral)'

'Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)'

'Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)'

'Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)'

'Unnamed (Pb-Feldspar)'

'Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral I)'

'Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral II)'

'Unnamed (Zn Arsenate)'

Uraninite

Uranophane

Uranophane-β

Uranotungstite

'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'

Ushkovite

Vanackerite (TL)

Vanadinite

Variscite

Varlamoffite

Varulite

Vaterite

Vauquelinite

Vermiculite

Vésigniéite

Vesuvianite

Villiaumite

Vinogradovite

Vivianite

Vladkrivovichevite (TL)

Volborthite

Vuoriyarvite-K

'Wad'

'Wakefieldite'

Walpurgite

Warikahnite (TL)

Waylandite

Weeksite

Whiteite-(CaMnMg)

Whitlockite

Wickmanite

Wilhelmkleinite (TL)

Willemite

Winchite

Windhoekite (TL)

Wiserite

Witherite

Wittichenite

Wodginite

'Wolframite'

Wollastonite

Wulfenite

var: Chillagite

Wurtzite

Wüstite

'Xenotime'

Xenotime-(Y)

Yangite (TL)

Yofortierite

Yvonite

'Zeolite Group'

Zharchikhite

Zincgartrellite (TL)

Zincolibethenite

Zincolivenite

'Zinconigerite-2N1S'

Zincrosasite (TL)

Zincroselite (TL)

'Zinnwaldite'

Zircon

var: Hafnian Zircon

Zirconolite

Zwieselite


749 valid minerals. 105 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Phanerozoic : 515 ± 36 Ma to 19.9 ± 4 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Neogene
   Miocene
ⓘ Biotite (youngest age)19.9 ± 4 MaErongo Mountain, Karibib, Erongo Region, Namibia
    
  
 Mesozoic
  Cretaceous
   Late Cretaceous
ⓘ Phlogopite (youngest age)78 ± 2.9 MaErongo Mountain, Karibib, Erongo Region, Namibia
   Early Cretaceous
ⓘ Phlogopite (oldest age)132.5 ± 1.1 MaErongo Mountain, Karibib, Erongo Region, Namibia
  Jurassic
   Late Jurassic
ⓘ Biotite (oldest age)146.9 ± 5.4 MaErongo Mountain, Karibib, Erongo Region, Namibia
    
  
 Paleozoic
  Cambrian
   Cambrian Series 2
ⓘ Amblygonite515 ± 36 MaRubikon Mine (Rubicon Mine), Okongava Ost Farm 72, Karibib, Erongo Region, Namibia
ⓘ Muscovite515 ± 36 MaRubikon Mine (Rubicon Mine), Okongava Ost Farm 72, Karibib, Erongo Region, Namibia

Localities in this Region
Show map

Namibia
Namibia

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kuntz, J. (1904) Copper ore in South-West Africa. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, volume 7, 70-76.
Bürg, G. (1942) Die nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika. xx pp.
von Knorring, O. (1973) Notes on pegmatite minerals from Rwanda, Uganda and South West Africa. 17th annual Report Res. Inst. afr. Geol., Univ. Leeds: 72-73.
Anhaeusser, C.R. and Maske, S., eds. (1986) Mineral Deposits of Southern Africa. 2 Vols, 2376. Geological Society of South Africa, Johannesburg.
Daltry, V.D.C. (1992) Type mineralogy of Namibia. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 1. 142 pp.
Daul, J., Bauer, K., and Moser, P. (1993) Bergbau in Namiba - Erfahrungen einer Studienreise. Institut für Bergbaukunde, Bergtechnik und Bergwirtschaft, Wissenschaftliche Schriftenreihe No. 3, Leoben, Austria, 130 (in German).
Bahmann, U. and A., Eds. (2001) Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 224 (in German).
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa.
Schneider, G. (2004) The roadside geology of Namibia. Sammlung Geologischer Führer Vol. 97, Gebrüder Borntraeger Verlag, Berlin, 294.
von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S. (2007) Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern (in German).
von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S. (2008) Namibia, Minerals and Localities.
Schneider, G. (2008) The roadside geology of Namibia. Sammlung Geologischer Führer Vol. 97, 2nd, revised ed., Gebrüder Borntraeger Verlag, Berlin, 294.
von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S. (2014) Namibia Minerals and Localities I. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 608 pp.
Weise, C. (Ed.) (2014) Namibia - Mineralien und Fundstellen. extraLapis 47, 114 pp (in German).
von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S. (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 661 pp.

External Links

http://www.mme.gov.na/gsn/ (Geol. Survey of Namibia)
http://www.mme.gov.na/mines/minesandproducts.htm (Namibian mines and their products)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mining_in_Namibia
http://www.klausdierks.com/ (Comprehensive website on Namibian history)
http://www.statoids.com/una.html (old and new subdivision)

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