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Namibia

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Key
Lock Map
Geological map of Namibia

Namibia
Pforte train station in Namibia

Namibia
Exploration shaft

Namibia
Geological map of Namibia

Namibia
Pforte train station in Namibia

Namibia
Exploration shaft

Namibia
Geological map of Namibia

Namibia
Pforte train station in Namibia

Namibia
Area:825,615 km2
Locality type:Country


Known as South-West Africa prior to 1968 (former German colony at the turn of the 18th/19th century).

The Fourth Delimitation Commission, tabled in 2013 change Namibia to 14 regions and 121 constituencies (previously known as districts).

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Marburg Farm, Namibia
Namibia, Africa

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

744 valid minerals. 105 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Adamite var: Cobaltoan Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Co)AsO4OH
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ajoite
Formula: (K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Alamosite
Formula: PbSiO3
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Pericline
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Algodonite
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
'Alkali Feldspar'
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Alleghanyite
Formula: Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
'Alluaudite-Na□'
Formula: 4Na4Mn2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Alstonite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibolite'
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Ancylite'
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andyrobertsite (TL)
Formula: KCdCu5(AsO4)4(H2AsO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Pinch, W.W., and Grice, J.D. (1999) Andyrobertsite and calcioandyrobertsite, two new minerals from the Tsumeb Mine, Tsumeb, Namibia. Mineralogical Record: 30: 181-186. Cooper, M.A. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2000) Highly undersaturated anions in the crystal structure of andyrobertsite - calcio-andyrobertsite, a doubly acid arsenate of the form K(Cd,Ca)[Cu2+5(AsO4)4{As(OH)2O2}](H2O)2. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 817-830.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Apachite
Formula: Cu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Plumboan Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Pb)CO3
Aragonite var: Tarnowitzite
Formula: CaCO3
Aragonite var: Zincian Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Zn)CO3
'Arandisite'
Formula: 3SnSiO4 · 2SnO2 · 4H2O
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Archerite
Formula: (K,NH4)(H2PO4)
Ardealite
Formula: Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Arisite'
Arisite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Reference: P. C. Piilonen, A. M. McDonald, J. D. Grice, R. Rowe, R. A. Gault, G. Poirier, M. A. Cooper, U. Kolitsch, A. C. Roberts, W. Lechner and A. G. Palfi (2010): Arisite-(Ce), a new rare-earth fluorcarbonate from the Aris phonolite (Namibia), Mont Saint-Hilaire and the Saint-Amable sill (Québec). Can. Mineral. 48, 661-671.; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Arisite-(La) (TL)
Formula: NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Reference: P. C. Piilonen, A. M. McDonald, J. D. Grice, M. A. Cooper, U. Kolitsch, R. Rowe, R. A. Gault and G. Poirier (2010): Arisite-(La), a new REE-fluorcarbonate mineral from the Aris phonolite (Namibia), with descriptions of the crystal structures of arisite-(La) and arisite-(Ce). Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 257-268.; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Arnhemite'
Formula: (K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arsenbrackebuschite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Reference: Fortschr.Mineral.(1976) 54, Beiheft 1, p.38; Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 37 pg (in English)
Arsendescloizite (TL)
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: [MinRec 13:137-138,13:140,13:155-157]
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenogoyazite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenohopeite (TL)
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Neuhold, F., Kolitsch, U., Bernhardt, H.-J., and Lengauer, C.L. (2011) CNMNC Newsletter 8, 291; F. Neuhold, U. Kolitsch, H.-J. Bernhardt, C. L. Lengauer (2012) Arsenohopeite, a new zinc arsenate mineral from the Tsumeb mine, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 603-612; Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 37 pg (in English)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Arsentsumebite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: Aufschluss 10 (1975), 369
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Ashoverite
Formula: Zn(OH)2
Asisite (TL)
Formula: Pb7SiO9Cl2
Reference: American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 643-650.
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Austinite var: Cuprian Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
'Axinite Group'
Axinite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Baileychlore
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Barbosalite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Bartelkeite (TL)
Formula: Pb(Fe2+Ge)[Ge2O7](OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Chemie der Erde,(1981) 40, 201-206
Barysilite
Formula: Pb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Benstonite
Formula: Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Berndtite
Formula: SnS2
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'commodity:Beryllium'
Formula: Be
β-Roselite
Formula: Ca2Co(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Betpakdalite-CaCa
Formula: [Ca2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Betpakdalite-CaMg (TL)
Formula: [Ca2(H2O)17Mg(H2O)6][Mo8As2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Reference: Kampf, A.R. and Mills, S.J. (2011): Betpakdalite-CaMg, IMA 2011-034. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011, page 2556
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Beusite
Formula: Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Biehlite (TL)
Formula: ((Sb,As)O)2[MoO4]
Reference: Schlüter, J., Klaska, K.-H., Adiwidjaja, G., Friese, K., and Gebhard, G. (2000) Biehlite, (Sb,As)2MoO6, a new mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 234-240.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Boltwoodite
Formula: (K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
'Brabantite'
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Brannerite
Formula: (U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Brazilianite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
'Breccia'
Brezinaite
Formula: Cr3S4
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Briartite
Formula: Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Britvinite
Formula: [Pb7(OH)3F(BO3)2(CO3)][Mg4.5(OH)3(Si5O14)]
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Brunogeierite (TL)
Formula: Ge4+Fe2+2O4
Reference: NJMM (1972), 263
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
'commodity:Cadmium'
Formula: Cd
Cahnite
Formula: Ca2[B(OH)4](AsO4)
'Calcioancylite'
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Calcioandyrobertsite (TL)
Formula: KCaCu5(AsO4)4(H2AsO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Pinch, W.W., and Grice, J.D. (1999) Andyrobertsite and calcioandyrobertsite, two new minerals from the Tsumeb Mine, Tsumeb, Namibia. Mineralogical Record: 30: 181-186. Cooper, M.A. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2000) Highly undersaturated anions in the crystal structure of andyrobertsite - calcio-andyrobertsite, a doubly acid arsenate of the form K(Cd,Ca)[Cu2+5(AsO4)4{As(OH)2O2}](H2O)2. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 817-830.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 91 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Calcite var: Iceland Spar
Formula: CaCO3
Calderite (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
Reference: VERMASS, F.H.S. (1952): Manganese-iron garnet from Otjosondu, South-West Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 29, 946-951. DUNN, P.J. (1979): On the validity of calderite. Canadian Mineralogist 17, 569-571. CLARK, A.M. (1993): Hey's Mineral Index (3rd ed.). Chapman and Hall, London, U.K. (107).; Cabral, A. R., Moore, J. M., Mapani, B. S., Koubová, M., & Sattler, C. D. (2011). Geochemical and mineralogical constraints on the genesis of the Otjosondu ferromanganese deposit, Namibia: hydrothermal exhalative versus hydrogenetic (including snowball-earth) origins. South African Journal of Geology, 114(1), 57-76.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Calvertite (TL)
Formula: Cu5Ge0.5S4
Reference: Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C., Groat, L.A., Stanley, C.J., Criddle, A.J., Feinglos, M.N. (2007): Calvertite, Cu5Ge0.5S4, a new mineral species from Tsumeb, Namibia. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 1519-1523
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Carbocernaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
'Carbonatite'
Carlfrancisite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+3(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+,Al)42[As3+O3]2(As5+O4)4[(Si,As5+)O4]6[(As5+,Si)O4]2(OH)42
Reference: Hawthorne, F.C. and Pinch, W.W. (2012): Carlfrancisite, IMA 2012-033. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1286; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288; Frank C. Hawthorne, Yassir A. Abdu, Neil A. Ball and William W. Pinch (2013): Carlfrancisite: Mn32+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+,Al)42(As3+O3)2(As5+O4)4[(Si,As5+)O4]6[(As5+,Si)O4]2(OH)42, a new arseno-silicate mineral from the Kombat mine, Otavi Valley, Namibia. American Mineralogist 98, 1693-1696.
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
'Carnevallite'
Formula: Cu3GaS4
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Cattiite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
Cebaite-(Ce)
Formula: Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
'commodity:Cerium'
Formula: Ce
Ceruleite
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'Chabazite'
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Changoite
Formula: Na2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Chernovite-(Y)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
'Chevkinite Group'
Childrenite
Formula: Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Chudobaite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Zn)5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1960) 1-7
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
'Clays'
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinochrysotile'
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
'Clinoptilolite'
Clinoptilolite-Na
Formula: Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clino-suenoite
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
'commodity:Coltan (Columbite-Tantalite)'
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: FeNb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Copiapite Group'
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Copper Sulphides'
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cordylite-(Ce)
Formula: NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Crednerite
Formula: CuMnO2
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Crocoite
Formula: PbCrO4
Cryolite
Formula: Na2NaAlF6
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cupropearceite
Formula: [Cu6As2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cupropolybasite
Formula: [Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Cyrilovite
Formula: NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Dalyite
Formula: K2ZrSi6O15
Damaraite (TL)
Formula: Pb3Cl(OH)O2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1990): 54: 593-598.
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
'Davidite'
Davidlloydite (TL)
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2·4H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.A., Ball, N., Abdu, Y., Back, M., Tait, K. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2011): Davidlloydite, IMA 2011-053. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011, page 2561.
Defernite
Formula: Ca6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (x<0.5)
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Descloizite var: Cuprian Descloizite
Formula: Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
'Desert Rose'
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Diamond
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'commodity:Diamond'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)
Formula: {KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Dittmarite
Formula: (NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dollaseite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Cobaltoan Dolomite
Formula: (Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Dolomite var: Zincian Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Duftite (TL)
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 811; Canadian Mineralogist (1980): 18: 191.
'Duftite-alpha'
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Dzhalindite
Formula: In(OH)3
Ekatite (TL)
Formula: (Fe3+,Fe2+,Zn)12(AsO3)6(AsO3,HSiO4)2(OH)6
Reference: [European Journal of Mineralogy 13 (2001), 769; MinRec 33:162]
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Elbaite var: Siberite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Ellingsenite (TL)
Formula: Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13 · 6H2O
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173.
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Erikapohlite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(Zn,Cu,Mg)4Ca2(AsO4)6·2H2O
Reference: Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T. and Gebhard, G. (2011) Erikapohlite, IMA 2010-090. CNMNC Newsletter No. 9, August 2011, page 2538; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2535-2540; Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., Mihailova, B., Gebhard, G. (2013): The new mineral erikapohlite, Cu3(Zn,Cu,Mg)4Ca2(AsO4)6 2H2O, the Ca-dominant analogue of keyite, from Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 190, 319-325.
Ernstite (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Reference: [NJMM (1970), 289; MinRec 2:129]
Eskolaite
Formula: Cr2O3
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
'Eudialyte Group'
Eugenite
Formula: Ag11Hg2
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Eylettersite
Formula: Th0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
Eyselite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+Ge4+3O7(OH)
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 1771-1776.
Fahleite (TL)
Formula: CaZn5Fe3+2(AsO4)6 · 14H2O
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1988) 167-171
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Feinglosite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Zn(AsO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1997), 61, 285-289
'commodity:Feldspar'
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Fergusonite'
Ferri-ghoseite
Formula: ☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Ferrilotharmeyerite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1992) 30, 225-227
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
'Ferrisicklerite-Sicklerite Series'
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferroceladonite
Formula: K(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Ferronigerite-2N1S
Formula: (Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fleischerite (TL)
Formula: Pb3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1960) 132-142
Fletcherite
Formula: Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluor-elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
'Fluor-hornblende'
Formula: (◻/Na,K)Ca2({Fe2+/Mg}4{Fe3+/Mg})(AlSi7O22)F2
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 69 localities in this region.
Fluorite var: Yttrofluorite
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
'commodity:Fluorite (Fluorspar)'
'Fluorkenopyrochlore' (FRL)
Formula: (□,Sr,Ce,Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2O6F
Reference: Atencio, D., Andrade, M.B., Christy, A.G., Gieré, R., Kartashov, P.M. (2010): The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 673-698.; Schmitt A.K., Trumbull R.B., Dulski P., Emmermann R. (2002) Zr-Nb-REE mineralization in peralkaline granites from the Amis Complex, Brandberg (Namibia): evidence for magmatic pre-enrichment from melt inclusions, - Economic geology, v.97, pp. 399-413.
Fluor-schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Furutobeite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6PbS4
'Gadolinite'
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Gaitite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: STURMAN, B.D. & DUNN, P.J. (1980): Gaitite, H2Ca2Zn(AsO4)2(OH)2, a new mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. Canadian Mineralogist 18, 197-200. KELLER, P., HESS, H. & RIFFEL, H. (1981) Die Krystallstruktur von zwei neuen Calcium-Zink-Arsenat-mineralien von Tsumeb/Namibia. Zeitschrift für Krystallographie und Mineralogie 156, 70-71 (in German).
Galaxite
Formula: Mn2+Al2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Gallite (TL)
Formula: CuGaS2
Reference: Strunz, H., Geier, B.H., and Seeliger, E. (1958) Gallite, CuGaS2, das erste selbständige Galliummineral, und seine Verbreitung in den Erzen der Tsumeb- und Kipushi-Mine. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie (1958), Monatshefte: 241-264.
Gallobeudantite (TL)
Formula: PbGa3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1996) 34, 1305-1315
Galloplumbogummite (TL)
Formula: Pb(Ga,Al,Ge)3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Schlüter, J. and Malcherek, T. (2011): Galloplumbogummite, IMA 2010-088. CNMNC Newsletter No. 9, August 2011, page 2537; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2535-2540: Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., Mihailova, B. (2014): Galloplumbogummite from Tsumeb, Namibia, a new member of the alunite group with tetravalent charge balance. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 191, 301-309.
Ganophyllite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Gartrellite
Formula: Pb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Gebhardite (TL)
Formula: Pb8(As2O5)2OCl6
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1983) 445-450
Geminite
Formula: Cu(HAsO4) · H2O
Gerdtremmelite (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(AsO4)(OH)5
Reference: [Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1985) 1-6; MinRec 31:204]
Germanite (TL)
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Reference: Metall und Erz, Halle,(1922) 19, 324-325; Rocks & Min.: 62:440.
'commodity:Germanium'
Formula: Ge
Germanocolusite
Formula: Cu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Giniite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5 · 2H2O
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1980) 49-56 and 561-563
'Glass'
Glaucochroite
Formula: CaMn2+SiO4
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Goldmanite
Formula: Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Gordaite
Formula: NaZn4(SO4)(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
Gormanite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
'Gossan'
Götzenite
Formula: NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
'Granite'
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'commodity:Graphite'
Gratonite
Formula: Pb9As4S15
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Grootfonteinite (TL)
Formula: Pb3O(CO3)2
Reference: Siidra, O.I., Jonsson, E., Chukanov, N.V.,Pekov,I.V.,Zinyakhina,D.O.,Polekhovsky, Y.S. and Yapaskurt, V.O. (2015) Grootfonteinite, IMA 2015-051. CNMNC Newsletter No. 27, October 2015, page 1226; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1229–1236; Siidra, O.I., Jonsson, E., Chukanov, N.V., Nekrasova, D.O., Pekov, I.V., Depmeier, W., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Yapaskurt, V.O. (2018): Grootfonteinite, Pb3O(CO3)2, a new mineral species from the Kombat Mine, Namibia, merotypically related to hydrocerussite. European Journal of Mineralogy, fast track article.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Gummite'
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
'H3 chondrite meteorite'
'H4 chondrite meteorite'
Hagendorfite
Formula: NaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3
Haiweeite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hardystonite
Formula: Ca2Zn(Si2O7)
Harkerite
Formula: Ca12Mg4Al(BO3)3(SiO4)4(CO3)5 · H2O
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hectorite
Formula: Na0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Helmutwinklerite (TL)
Formula: Pb(Zn,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1980) 118-124
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematophanite
Formula: Pb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Herbertsmithite
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Herderite
Formula: CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hereroite (TL)
Formula: [Pb32(O,☐)21](AsO4)2[(Si,As,V,Mo]O4)2Cl10
Reference: Turner, R.W., Siidra, O.I., Rumsey, M.S., Krivovichev, S.V., Stanley, C.J. and Spratt, J. (2011): Hereroite, IMA 2011-027. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011, page 2554
Hermannroseite (TL)
Formula: CaCu(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Schlüter, J., Pohl, D., Gebhard, G. (2011): The new mineral hermannroseite, CaCu(PO4,AsO4)(OH), the phosphate analogue of conichalcite, from Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 188, 135-140
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
'Heterosite-Purpurite Series'
Heulandite-Na
Formula: (Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hilairite
Formula: Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Hillebrandite
Formula: Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
Holdawayite (TL)
Formula: Mn6(CO3)2(OH)7(Cl,OH)
Reference: American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 632-642.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
'Hornblende'
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Humberstonite
Formula: Na7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Hydrohetaerolite'
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'
Formula: (La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Ianbruceite (TL)
Formula: [Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
Reference: Cooper, M.A., Abdu, Y., Ball, N., Back, M., Hawthorne, F.C. and Tait, K. (2011): Ianbruceite, IMA 2011-049. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011, page 2560; Cooper, M.A., Abdu, Y.A., Ball, N.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Back, M.E., Tait, K.T., Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., Pohl, D., Gebhard, G. (2012): Ianbruceite, ideally (H2O)2, a new arsenate mineral from the Tsumeb mine, Otjikoto (Oshikoto) region, Namibia: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1119-1131.
Idaite (TL)
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: American Mineralogist (1958): 43: 1219.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
'commodity:Iron'
Formula: Fe
Itoite (TL)
Formula: Pb3Ge4+(SO4)2O2(OH)2
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1960) 132-142
'IVA iron meteorite'
'IVB iron meteorite'
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Jaffeite (TL)
Formula: Ca6(Si2O7)(OH)6
Reference: American Mineralogist (1989): 74: 1203-1206. Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
'Jahnsite Group'
Formula: XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Jamesite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Zn(Fe2+,Zn)2Fe3+4(AsO4)4(OH)10
Reference: Chemie der Erde,(1981) 40, 105-109; Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Janchevite (TL)
Formula: Pb7V5+(O8.50.5)Cl2
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Nekrasova, D.O., Siidra, O.I., Polekhovsky, Y.S. and Pekov, I.V. (2017) Janchevite, IMA 2017-079. CNMNC Newsletter No. 40, December 2017, page 1581; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1577–1581.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Jeremejevite
Formula: Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Jerrygibbsite
Formula: Mn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Johillerite (TL)
Formula: Na(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3
Reference: Tschermak's Min.Petr.Mitt.(1982) 29, 169-175
Johninnesite (TL)
Formula: Na2Mn2+9Mg7(OH)8[AsO4]2[Si6O17]2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1986): 50, 667-670. Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
Joosteite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+(Mn3+,Fe3+)(PO4)O
Reference: Keller, P., et al. (2007): NJMA 183,197-201(2007)
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Kahlerite
Formula: Fe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Kalistrontite
Formula: K2Sr(SO4)2
Kamphaugite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Kanemite
Formula: HNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Karibibite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
Reference: Lithos (1973) 6, 265-272
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Kegelite (TL)
Formula: Pb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
Reference: Naturwissenschaften,(1975) 62, 137
Kentrolite
Formula: Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
Kenyaite
Formula: Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Keyite (TL)
Formula: Cu2+3Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.(1977) 62, 59 and 87-90; Rocks & Min.: 62:440.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Khorixasite (TL)
Formula: (Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Mills, S.J., Christy, A.G., Birch, W.D., Bourgoin, V., Boulliard, J.-C. (2016): Khorixasite, IMA 2016-048. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1139; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144
Khristovite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Kidwellite
Formula: NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Kinoshitalite
Formula: (Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
'Kintoreite-Segnitite Series'
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Kombatite (TL)
Formula: Pb14(VO4)2O9Cl4
Reference: Rouse, R.C., Dunn, P.J., and Innes, J. (1986) Kombatite, the vanadium analogue of sahlinite, from the Kombat Mine, South West Africa. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 519-522.; Dunn, P.J. (1991) Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.; Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy IV: Arsenates, phosphates, vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, Arizona.; Rumsey, M.S. (2008) The first British occurrence of Kombatite, Pb14(VO4)2O9Cl4, from the "Wesley Mine" near Westbury on Trym, Bristol. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 51-53.
Koritnigite (TL)
Formula: Zn(HAsO4) · H2O
Reference: Tschermaks Min.Petr.Mitt.(1979) 26, 51-58
Korobitsynite
Formula: Na2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Kozoite-(La)
Formula: (La,Nd)(CO3)(OH)
Krieselite (TL)
Formula: (Al,Ga)2(GeO4)(OH)2
Reference: Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 187, 33-40
Kryzhanovskite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Labuntsovite-Mn
Formula: Na4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
'Labuntsovite Supergroup'
Lammerite
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)2
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Landesite
Formula: Mn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Larsenite
Formula: PbZnSiO4
Laueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lautite
Formula: CuAsS
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Lavendulan var: Zinclavendulan (FRL)
Formula: NaCa(Cu,Zn)5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Strunz, H. (1959): Tsumeb, seine Erze und Sekundärminerale, insbesondere der neu aufgeschlossenen zweiten Oxydations-Zone. Fortschr. Mineral., 37, 87-90.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lead
Formula: Pb
'commodity:Lead'
Formula: Pb
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Lechatelierite
Formula: SiO2
Legrandite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
Leightonite
Formula: K2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Leiteite (TL)
Formula: Zn(As2O4)
Reference: Min.Rec.(1977) 8, 95-97
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Lepidolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Leucophoenicite
Formula: Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Liebigite
Formula: Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
'Limestone'
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Lindströmite
Formula: Pb3Cu3Bi7S15
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Lipscombite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Lithiophilite-Triphylite Series'
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Lovdarite
Formula: K2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
'Lovozerite Group'
Formula: A3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
Ludjibaite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Ludlockite (TL)
Formula: PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Reference: [Nickel & Nichols, 1991 "Mineral Reference Manual": 123; Rocks & Min.: 62:440.
Lukrahnite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)(Fe3+,Zn)(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Reference: Krause, W., Blass, G., Bernhardt, H.-J., and Effenberger, H. (2001) Lukrahnite, CaCuFe3+(AsO4)2[(H2O)(OH)], the calcium analogue of gartrellite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 481-492.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Macphersonite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Magadiite
Formula: Na2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hornblende (TL)
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C. and Ciriotti, M.E. (2017) Magnesio-hornblende, IMA 2017-059. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1284; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1279–1286.
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Maikainite
Formula: Cu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
Makatite
Formula: Na2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 59 localities in this region.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Manganberzeliite
Formula: NaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3
'Manganese Oxides'
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
'Manganoan Calcite'
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Manganosite
Formula: MnO
'Marble'
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Mathewrogersite (TL)
Formula: Pb7FeAl3GeSi12O36(OH,H2O)6
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1986) 203-208 ; Keller, P. & Innes, J. (1986): "Neue Minerale von Tsumeb." Lapis, 11 (9), 28-32.
Mawbyite
Formula: Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Mcconnellite
Formula: CuCrO2
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Melanotekite
Formula: Pb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Mélonjosephite
Formula: CaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Metahaiweeite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2Si6O15 · nH2O
Metakahlerite
Formula: Fe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Metalamprophyre'
Metanováčekite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Metasideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Mica schist'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Mineral GS1 (of Gebhard)'
Formula: Zn, Fe, As, O, H
'commodity:Mineral specimens'
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Minrecordite (TL)
Formula: CaZn(CO3)2
Reference: Min.Rec.(1982) 13, 131-136
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'commodity:Molybdenum'
Formula: Mo
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Molybdofornacite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1983) 289-295
Molybdophyllite
Formula: Pb8Mg9[Si10O28(OH)8|O2|(CO3)3] · H2O
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Monazite-(La)
Formula: La(PO4)
Monetite
Formula: Ca(HPO4)
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Montgomeryite
Formula: Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Moraesite
Formula: Be2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Morinite
Formula: NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Mottramite var: Duhamelite
Formula: (Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Mundrabillaite
Formula: (NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Nacareniobsite-(Ce)
Formula: NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Nacrite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Nadorite
Formula: PbSbClO2
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Nambulite
Formula: LiMn2+4Si5O14(OH)
Namibite (TL)
Formula: Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Sahama, T. G. (1981): Namibite, a new copper-bismuth-vanadium mineral from Namibia. Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen: 61: 7-12; Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
Namuwite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
'Native Amalgam'
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natronambulite
Formula: (Na,Li)(Mn,Ca)4Si5O14OH
Natrophosphate
Formula: Na7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
Nenadkevichite
Formula: (Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Neptunite
Formula: Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
'commodity:Nickel'
Formula: Ni
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nordenskiöldine
Formula: CaSn4+[BO3]2
Norsethite
Formula: BaMg(CO3)2
O'Danielite (TL)
Formula: Na(Zn,Mg)3H2(AsO4)3
Reference: [Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1981) 155-160; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Ojuelaite
Formula: ZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Olenite
Formula: Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Olivenite var: Zincian Olivenite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(AsO4)(OH)
Omongwaite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca5(SO4)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 72,1209-1220(2008)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-CT
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Otavite (TL)
Formula: CdCO3
Reference: National Bureau of Standards, Circular 539/7 (1957), 11
Otjisumeite (TL)
Formula: PbGe4O9
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1981) 49-55
Ovamboite (TL)
Formula: Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32
Reference: E.M. Spiridonov (2003) Maikainite Cu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
Oxy-dravite
Formula: Na(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Papagoite
Formula: CaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Paradamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Parádsasvárite
Formula: Zn2(CO3)(OH)2
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
'Parisite'
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
'Pegmatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Perroudite
Formula: Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Petrified Wood'
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Philipsbornite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Philipsburgite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Phoenicochroite
Formula: Pb2(CrO4)O
'Phonolite'
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Phosphuranylite
Formula: (H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Phurcalite
Formula: Ca2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pirssonite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
'Pitchstone'
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Plumboferrite
Formula: Pb2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)11O19
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbogummite var: Ga-rich plumbogummite
Formula: Pb(Al,Ga)3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumboselite (TL)
Formula: Pb3O2(SeO3)
Reference: Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., & Pinch, W. W. (2011): Plumboselite, Pb3O2(SeO3), a new oxidation zone mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 101, 75–80.
Plumbotsumite (TL)
Formula: Pb13(CO3)6(Si10O27) · 3H2O
Reference: Chemie der Erde (1982) 41, 1
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Prosperite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Zn4(AsO4)4 · H2O
Reference: GAIT, R.I., STURMAN, B.D. & DUNN, P.J. (1979): Prosperite, HcaZn2(AsO4)2(OH), a new mineral from Tsumeb, South West Africa (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist 17, 87-92. Abstract: American Mineralogist (1980): 65: 208. KELLER, P., RIFFEL, H. & HESS, H. (1982): Die Kristallstruktur von Prosperit, Ca2Zn4[H2O/(AsO4)4]. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 158, 33-42 (in German).
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
'Psilomelane'
Pucherite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
'Pumpellyite'
Pumpellyite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Purpurite
Formula: (Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
Pyrobelonite
Formula: PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
'Pyrochlore'
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Pyrochroite
Formula: Mn(OH)2
'Pyrocoproite'
Formula: (K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
'Pyrophosphite'
Formula: K2Ca(P2O7)
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 175 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Blue Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Blue Lace Agate
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Carnelian
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Eisenkiesel
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Gwindel
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Quartz var: Pietersite
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
'commodity:Quartz crystal'
'Quartz-latite'
'Quartz-monzonite'
Queitite (TL)
Formula: Pb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Reference: [Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1979) 203-209; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p174]
'commodity:Rare Earths'
Raspite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reinerite (TL)
Formula: Zn3(AsO3)2
Reference: B. H. Geier and K. Weber. Reinerit, Zn3(AsO3)2, ein neues Mineral der Tsumeb Mine, Sudwestafrika. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh.1958, No. 7-8, 160-167
Renierite
Formula: (Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Ribbeite (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Robertsite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
'Rosenbuschite Group'
Rossmanite
Formula: ☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Rouvilleite
Formula: Na3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3F
Roxbyite
Formula: Cu9S5
Roymillerite (TL)
Formula: Pb24Mg9(Si10O28)(CO3)10(BO3)(SiO4)(OH)13O5
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Jonsson, E., Aksenov, S.M., Britvin, S.N., Rastsvetaeva, R. K. and Belakovskiy, D.I. (2016) Roymillerite, IMA 2016-061. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1142; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 1135–1144.; Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Britvin, S.N., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Belakovskiy, D.I., Van, K.V. (2017): Roymillerite, Pb24Mg9(Si9AlO28)(SiO4)(BO3)(CO3)10(OH)14O4, a new mineral: mineralogical characterization and crystal chemistry. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 44: 685-699.
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Russellite
Formula: Bi2WO6
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'Sagenite'
Sahlinite
Formula: Pb14(AsO4)2O9Cl4
Sakhaite
Formula: Ca12Mg4(BO3)7(CO3)4(OH)2Cl
Sampleite
Formula: NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Sarcopside
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Sazhinite'
Sazhinite-(Ce)
Formula: Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
Sazhinite-(La) (TL)
Formula: Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
Reference: Camara, F., Ottolini, L., Devouard, B., Garvie, L. A. J., Hawthorne, F. C. (2006): Sazhinite-(La), Na3LaSi6O15(H2O)2, a new mineral from the Aris phonolite, Namibia: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 405-418.
'Scapolite'
Schaurteite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Strunz, H. & Tennyson, C. (1967): Schaurteit, ein neues Germaniun-Mineral von Tsumeb/SW-Afrika und seine Paragenese. In: Festschrift Dr. Werner Schaurte. Bauer & Schaurte, Eds., Neuss/Rhein (Germany), 33-47.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Schizolite
Formula: NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Schneiderhöhnite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+3As3+5O13
Reference: Hey's Mineral Index (1993); Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Scholzite
Formula: CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Schröckingerite
Formula: NaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
Schultenite (TL)
Formula: Pb(HAsO4)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1926): 21: 149-155; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 663; Rocks & Minerals: 62: 440.
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Scorzalite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Scotlandite
Formula: PbSO3
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Seligmannite
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
Serandite
Formula: NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Sewardite (TL)
Formula: CaFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Can Min 40 (2002), 1191
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Sicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Siderite var: Zincian Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Zn)CO3
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
'Sideronatrite-2M'
Sidpietersite (TL)
Formula: Pb2+4(S2O3)O2(OH)2
Reference: Roberts, A.C., Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Criddle, A.J., Stanley, C.J., Key, C.L. and Jambor, J.L. (1999) Sidpietersite, Pb2+4(S6+O3S2-)O2(OH)2, a new thiosulfate-bearing mineral species from Tsumeb, Namibia. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1269-1273; Cooper, M.A. and Hawthorne, F.C. (1999) The structure topology of sidpietersite, Pb2+4(S6+O3S2-)O2(OH)2, a novel thiosulfate structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1275-1282; Am. Mineral. 85, 1323 (abs.)
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'commodity:Silver'
Formula: Ag
'Skarn'
Skorpionite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Zn2(PO4)2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Krause, W., et al.: "Skorpionite, a new mineral from Namibia: description and crystal structure", Eur. J. Mineralogy 20, 271-280 (2008); Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771.; Jahn, S. (2007): Tarbuttit von der Skorpion Zink Mine, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 56-66. (in German)
'Slag'
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Söhngeite (TL)
Formula: Ga(OH)3
Reference: Naturwissenschaften (1965): 52: 493; American Mineralogist (1966): 51: 1815.
Spertiniite
Formula: Cu(OH)2
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Spessartine var: Emildine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Stanĕkite (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(PO4)O
Reference: Keller, P., Fontan, F., Velasco-Roldan, F., Melgarejo i Draper, J. C. (1997): Stanĕkite, Fe3+(Mn,Fe2+,Mg)(PO4)O: a new phosphate mineral in pegmatites at Karibib (Namibia) and French Pyrénées (France). European Journal of Mineralogy 9, 475-482.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Steacyite
Formula: K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
'Steacyite Group'
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stercorite (TL)
Formula: Na(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 699; Anthony, J.W. , R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV (2000)
Stewartite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibioclaudetite (TL)
Formula: AsSbO3
Reference: Origlieri, M.J., Downs, R.T., Pinch, W.W., Zito, G.L. (2009): Stibioclaudetite AsSbO3 A new mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. The Mineralogical Record, 40, 209-213
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
'Stilbite subgroup'
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Stottite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+[Ge4+(OH)6]
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1958) 85-96
Stranskiite (TL)
Formula: Zn2Cu(AsO4)2
Reference: Strunz, H. (1960) Stranskiit, ein neues Mineral. Naturwiss., 47, 376 (in German); American Mineralogist (1960): 45: 1315 (abstract); Hänni, H.A., W.B. Stern, and M. Glor (1978) New data on stranskiite from Tsumeb, Namibia. American Mineralogist (1978): 63: 213-215; J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV (2000).
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Struvite
Formula: (NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Sulphohalite
Formula: Na6(SO4)2FCl
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Sulvanite
Formula: Cu3VS4
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Sussexite
Formula: Mn2+BO2(OH)
Swaknoite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. (1992) Swaknoite [Ca(NH4)2·(HPO4)2·H2O, orthorhombic]: A new mineral from Arnhem cave, Namibia. Bulletin of the South African Speleological Association: 32: 72-74.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
'Synchysite'
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)
Formula: CaY(CO3)2F
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Tainiolite
Formula: KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Talmessite
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Tangeite
Formula: CaCu(VO4)(OH)
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: FeTa2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: MnTa2O6
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tarbuttite
Formula: Zn2(PO4)(OH)
Tavorite
Formula: LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Tennantite var: Argentiferous Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Thometzekite (TL)
Formula: PbCu2+2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1985) 446-452
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Thornasite
Formula: (Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Thorutite
Formula: (Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
'Tiger's Eye'
Tilasite
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)F
'commodity:Tin'
Formula: Sn
Tinsleyite
Formula: KAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Titanite var: Keilhauite
Formula: (Ca,Y3+)(Ti,Al,Fe3+)[SiO4]O
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Achroite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline var: Watermelon Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Triplite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Tsepinite-Na
Formula: Na2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Tsumcorite (TL)
Formula: PbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Walenta, K. & Wimmenauer, W. (1961): Der Mineralbestand des Michaelganges im Weiler bei Lahr (Schwarzwald). Jh. Geol. Landesamt Baden-Württemberg, 4, 7-37. [as unnamed Pb-Zn-arsenate]; Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1971): 304-309; American Mineralogist (1972): 57: 1558; NJMM (1985), 446; European Journal of Mineralogy 10 (1998), 179.
Tsumebite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: Busz (1912) Festschr. Ges. Deutsch. Naturforscher und Ärzte, Münster, 182-185; Busz (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 51: 526; Rosický (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 51: 521 (as Preslite); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 919.
Tsumgallite (TL)
Formula: GaO(OH)
Reference: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Monatshefte Vol:2003 No.11 p521-527
Tungstenite
Formula: WS2
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Tuperssuatsiaite
Formula: Na2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
'UM1970-16-OH:GeMn'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ge,Sn)(OH)6
'UM1990-59-SiO:AlBCHMg'
Formula: Ca24Mg8(BO3)13Al0.75Si3(O,OH)12(CO3)8•8H2O
Umangite
Formula: Cu3Se2
'Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)'
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
'Unnamed (Ce-analogue of Kozoite-(La) and -(Nd))'
Formula: (Ce,La)(CO3)(OH)
'Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Zakharovite)'
Formula: Na4Fe5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
'Unnamed (Kanemite-related mineral)'
Formula: HNaSi2O5 · 2H2O or HNaSi2O5 · 1.5H2O
'Unnamed (Mcgovernite-like mineral)'
Formula: (Mn,Mg,Fe3+)273As3+~12As5+~30Si~42O324(OH)252
'Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)'
Formula: NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
'Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)'
Formula: Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
'Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)'
Formula: ~NaMgMn4O5(OH)
'Unnamed (Pb-Feldspar)'
Formula: PbAl2Si2O8
'Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral I)'
Formula: Na, La, Si, O, H
'Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral II)'
Formula: Na, La, Si, O, H
'Unnamed (Zn Arsenate)'
Formula: Zn, As, O, H
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'commodity:Uranium'
Formula: U
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranophane-β
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranotungstite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ba,Pb)(UO2)2(WO4)(OH)4 · 12H2O
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ushkovite
Formula: MgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Vanackerite (TL)
Formula: Pb4Cd(AsO4)3(Cl,OH)
Reference: Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., Gebhard, G. (2012) Vanackerite, IMA 2011-114. CNMNC Newsletter No. 13, June 2012, page 812; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 807-817.; Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T. & Gebhard, G. (2016): Vanackerite, a new lead cadmium arsenate of the apatite supergroup from Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 79-86.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'commodity:Vanadium'
Formula: V
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Varlamoffite
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Varulite
Formula: NaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Vauquelinite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vésigniéite
Formula: BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Villiaumite
Formula: NaF
Vinogradovite
Formula: Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Vladkrivovichevite (TL)
Formula: [Pb32O18][Pb4Mn2O]Cl14(BO3)8·2H2O
Reference: Siidra, O.I., Turner, R.W., Krivovichev, S.V., Rumsey, M.S., Stanley, C.J. and Spratt, J. (2011): Vladkrivovichevite, IMA 2011-020. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011, page 2553
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Vuoriyarvite-K
Formula: K2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
'Wad'
'Wakefieldite'
Walpurgite
Formula: (BiO)4(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Warikahnite (TL)
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:4 p 315
Waylandite
Formula: BiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Weeksite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(Si5O13) · 4H2O
Whiteite-(CaMnMg)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Wickmanite
Formula: Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Wilhelmkleinite (TL)
Formula: ZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Schlüter, J., Klaska, K.-H., Friese, K., Adiwidjaja, G., and G. Gebhard (1998) Wilhelmkleinite, ZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2, a new mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1998: (12): 558-564.; Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., and Roberts, A.C. (1999) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 84: 1195-1198.; Mineralogical Record: 31(2): 205-206.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Winchite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Windhoekite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Britvin, S.N., Blab, G., Belakovsky, D.I. and Van, K.V. (2011) Windhoekite, IMA 2010-083. CNMNC 2536 Newsletter No. 9, August 2011, page 2537. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2535-2540; Chukanov, N. V.; Britvin, S. N.; Blass, G.; Belakovskiy, D. I.; Van, K. V. (2012): Windhoekite, Ca2Fe3+3-x(Si8O20)(OH)4•10H2O, a new palygorskite-group mineral from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. European Journal of Mineralogy 24, 171-179; Blass, G. & Tremmel, G. (2014): Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 76-83 (in German).
Wiserite
Formula: (Mn,Mg)14[Cl|(OH)8|(Si,Mg)(O,OH)4|(B2O5)4]
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
'commodity:Wollastonite'
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Wulfenite var: Chillagite
Formula: Pb[(Mo,W)O4]
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
'Xenotime'
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Yangite (TL)
Formula: PbMnSi3O8•H2O
Reference: Pinch, W.W., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Megaw, L. and Bloch, E.M. (2013) Yangite, IMA 2012-052. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 4; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12.
Yofortierite
Formula: Mn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Yvonite
Formula: Cu(HAsO4) · 2H2O
'Zeolite Group'
Zharchikhite
Formula: AlF(OH)2
'commodity:Zinc'
Formula: Zn
Zincgartrellite (TL)
Formula: Pb(Zn,Fe3+,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Reference: Effenberger, H., Krause, W., Bernhardt, H.-J. and Martin, M. (2000) On the symmetry of tsumcorite group minerals based on the new species rappoldite and zincgartrellite. Mineralogical Magazine: 64: 1109-1126; European Journal of Mineralogy: 10: 179-206.
Zincolibethenite
Formula: CuZn(PO4)(OH)
Zincolivenite
Formula: CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Zinconigerite-2N1S
Formula: (Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Zincrosasite (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Fortschritte Min.(1959) 37, 87-90; Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1986) 523-527
Zincroselite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Keller, P., Innes, J. & Dunn, P. J. (1986) Zincroselite, Ca2Zn(AsO4)2•2H2O, a new mineral from Tsumeb, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1986): (11): 523-527; American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 932; Keller, P. & Innes, J. (1986): "Neue Minerale von Tsumeb." Lapis, 11 (9), 28-32.
'Zinnwaldite'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Hafnian Zircon
Formula: (Zr,Hf)SiO4
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Zwieselite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)F

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Eugenite1.AD.15cAg11Hg2
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Alabandite'2.CD.10MnS
'Algodonite'2.AA.10a(Cu1-xAsx)
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berndtite2.EA.20SnS2
'Betekhtinite'2.BE.05(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Brezinaite2.DA.15Cr3S4
Briartite2.KA.10Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
'Calvertite' (TL)2.CA.15Cu5Ge0.5S4
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Cupropearceite2.GB.15[Cu6As2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cupropolybasite2.GB.15[Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Domeykite2.AA.10bCu3As
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Fletcherite2.DA.05Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
Furutobeite2.BE.10(Cu,Ag)6PbS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gallite (TL)2.CB.10aCuGaS2
Germanite (TL)2.CB.30Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Germanocolusite2.CB.30Cu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Gratonite2.JB.55Pb9As4S15
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Idaite (TL)2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Jordanite2.JB.30aPb14(As,Sb)6S23
Kësterite 2.CB.15aCu2ZnSnS4
Lautite2.CB.40CuAsS
Lindströmite2.HB.05aPb3Cu3Bi7S15
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Maikainite2.CB.30Cu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
Mawsonite2.CB.20Cu6Fe2SnS8
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Ovamboite (TL)2.CB.30 Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Perroudite2.FC.20cHg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Renierite2.CB.35a(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Roxbyite2.BA.05Cu9S5
Seligmannite2.GA.50PbCuAsS3
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stannoidite2.CB.15cCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Sulvanite2.CB.70Cu3VS4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
var: Argentiferous Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Tungstenite2.EA.30WS2
Umangite2.BA.25Cu3Se2
'Wittichenite'2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
'Wurtzite'2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Asisite (TL)3.DB.40Pb7SiO9Cl2
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
'Bismoclite'3.DC.25BiOCl
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite3.AA.15Ag(Cl,Br)
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cryolite3.CB.15Na2NaAlF6
Damaraite (TL)3.DC.75Pb3Cl(OH)O2
Fluocerite-(Ce)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Yttrofluorite3.AB.25(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hematophanite3.DB.35Pb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)
Herbertsmithite3.DA.10cCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Nadorite3.DC.30PbSbClO2
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Prosopite3.CD.10CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Sellaite3.AB.15MgF2
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Villiaumite3.AA.20NaF
Zharchikhite3.AC.05AlF(OH)2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Aeschynite-(Ce)'4.DF.05(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Ashoverite4.FA.10Zn(OH)2
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
'Biehlite' (TL)4.DB.60((Sb,As)O)2[MoO4]
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
'Bismite'4.CB.60Bi2O3
'Bixbyite'4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Brannerite4.DH.05(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Claudetite4.CB.45As2O3
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35FeNb2O6
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Crednerite4.AB.05CuMnO2
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Delafossite4.AB.15CuFeO2
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Dzhalindite4.FC.05In(OH)3
Ekatite (TL)4.JB.75(Fe3+,Fe2+,Zn)12(AsO3)6(AsO3,HSiO4)2(OH)6
Eskolaite4.CB.05Cr2O3
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Eyselite (TL)4.DM.20Fe3+Ge4+3O7(OH)
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Ferronigerite-2N1S4.FC.20(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Galaxite4.BB.05Mn2+Al2O4
Gebhardite (TL)4.JB.50Pb8(As2O5)2OCl6
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hydrohetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Karibibite (TL)4.JA.15Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
Lechatelierite4.DA.30SiO2
Leiteite (TL)4.JA.05Zn(As2O4)
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Ludlockite (TL)4.JA.45PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Manganite'4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
'Manganosite'4.AB.25MnO
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Mcconnellite4.AB.15CuCrO2
Microlite Group4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Molybdite4.E0.10MoO3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-CT4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Plumboferrite4.CC.45Pb2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)11O19
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Pyrochlore Group4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrochroite4.FE.05Mn(OH)2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Blue Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Blue Lace Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Eisenkiesel4.DA.05SiO2
var: Gwindel4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Pietersite4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Raspite4.DG.20Pb(WO4)
Reinerite (TL)4.JA.10Zn3(AsO3)2
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Russellite4.DE.15Bi2WO6
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Schneiderhöhnite (TL)4.JA.35Fe2+Fe3+3As3+5O13
Scotlandite4.JE.20PbSO3
Spertiniite4.FD.05Cu(OH)2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Stibiconite4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibioclaudetite (TL)4.CB.45AsSbO3
Stottite (TL)4.FC.15Fe2+[Ge4+(OH)6]
Söhngeite (TL)4.FC.05Ga(OH)3
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35FeTa2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35MnTa2O6
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Thorutite4.DH.05(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Tsumgallite (TL)4.FD.10GaO(OH)
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Tyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Varlamoffite4.DB.05(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
'Wickmanite'4.FC.10Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
'Wodginite'4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
'Wüstite'4.AB.25FeO
Zinconigerite-2N1S4.FC.20(Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Alstonite'5.AB.35BaCa(CO3)2
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Plumboan Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Pb)CO3
var: Tarnowitzite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Zincian Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Zn)CO3
Arisite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.18NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Arisite-(La) (TL)5.BD.18NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)5.BD.20aLa(CO3)F
Benstonite5.AB.55Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
'Beyerite'5.BE.35Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
'Bismutite'5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Brianyoungite5.BF.30Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
'Calcioancylite-(Ce)'5.DC.05(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Ferroan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Fe)CO3
var: Iceland Spar5.AB.05CaCO3
'Carbocernaite'5.AB.50(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Cebaite