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Spruce Pine Mining District, Yancey Co., North Carolina, USAi
Regional Level Types
Spruce Pine Mining DistrictMining District
Yancey Co.County
North CarolinaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° North , 82° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~23km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

61 valid minerals. 3 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Dana 6: 1080.
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Description: Mineral was found out to be Columbite.
Reference: W.E,Hidden.,1882, Notes on some North Carolina Minerals,Jahrb.f.Min,1883,Vo.2,Ref,148-149,America Journal Of Science,1882,Vol.24,pg.372-374
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: C.W. Allen collection
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 71 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: (2006) Screening of Historic Mines,Historic Asbesto Prospects,and Natural Asbestos Occurrences in North Carolina; North Carolina NOA Screening Summary Report
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Asbestos'
Reference: Genth,F.A (1891) The Minerals Of North Carolina:USGS Bulletion No.74
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Becquerelite
Formula: Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Reference: Finch,Robert J. and Ewing,Rodney C. (1997) Clarkeite:New chemical and structural data , American Mineralogist,Vol. 82,pg 607-619,1997
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Alkali-beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine" by J.W. Miller and C.W. Allen
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: No reference listed
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
'Chlorite Group'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Dana 6: 1080.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Genth,F.A and Kerr,W.C,1881,Minerals and Mineral Localities of North Carolina,Geologic Survey,North Carolina
'Chrysolite'
Reference: Dana 6: 1080.
Clarkeite
Formula: (Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite var: Clinothulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"healed\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J. (1978) Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina: NCGS Information Circular 24, p.46
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: "Mineralogy and History of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, NC"
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Dana 6: 1080.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Habit: Thin steel-color veinlets cutting darker columbite.
Colour: Metallic steel-grey
Fluorescence: None
Description: I witnessed Mr. Green showing me a personal find from this locality he made in the 1950's or 60's. It was a two inch crystalline mass of columbite with straight steel-colored veinlets cutting across it. He said these were confirmed to be euxenite. This
Reference: Specimens in former Green's Mineral Museum and Shop; others.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: (2006) Screening of Historic Mines,Historic Asbesto Prospects,and Natural Asbestos Occurrences in North Carolina; North Carolina NOA Screening Summary Report
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"healed\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" forms. Apatite is highly fluorescent under s
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Fluorite var: Chlorophane
Formula: CaF2
Reference: www.mcrocks.com
Fluorite var: Yttrocerite ?
Formula: (Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine" by J.W. Miller and C.W. Allen, Genth,F.A and Kerr,W.C.,1885,The minerals and mineral localities of North Carolina:pp.127
Fluorite var: Yttrofluorite ?
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and "healed" forms. Apatite is highly fluorescent under sw UV light, a yellow-orange color.
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. \
Fourmarierite
Formula: Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Warner,Richard.,Poterala,Stephen and Fleisher,Chris.,(2008) A Note On Uranium Minerals From The Spruce Pine Area,North Carolina: Carolina Geological Society,2008,Annual Meeting,Spruce Pine Mining District
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
'Gummite'
Hafnon
Formula: HfSiO4
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, N.C." by J.W. Miller and C.W. Allen
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Sand,L.B (1956) On The Genesis Of Residual Kaolins:American Mineralogist,Vol.41,No.1+2,pp.28-40
Halloysite-7Å
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Sand,L.B.,(1954) On The Genesis of Residual Kaolins
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Reference: Finch,Robert J. and Ewing,Rodney C. (1997) Clarkeite:New chemical and structural data , American Mineralogist,Vol. 82,pg 607-619,1997
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Lepidolite'
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: C.W. Allen collection
'Mica Group'
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:99.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M.
Reference: "Mineralogy and History of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, NC"
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
'Monazite'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La) ?
Formula: La(PO4)
Description: Data are needed to confirm that this mineral is correctly identified and that La is the dominant REE.
Monazite-(Nd) ?
Formula: Nd(PO4)
Description: Data are needed to confirm that this mineral is correctly identified and that Nd is the dominant REE.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 91 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Olenite ?
Formula: Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Description: Recent studies put it as Elbaite tourmaline.
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, N.C." by J.W. Miller and C.W. Allen
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Dana 6: 1080.
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Colour: pink, yellow, white
Reference: "Mineralogy and History of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, NC"
Powellite ?
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: C.W. Allen collection
Purpurite ?
Formula: Mn3+(PO4)
Reference: K.Linnekin collection
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Description: Pyrolusite was formerly the usual identification of the mineral forming manganese dendrites. Potter and Rossman (1978) demonstrated that no pyrolusite existed anywhere in the world as a dendrite. Subsequently, Rossman has continued to search for pyrolusite in granite pegmatites and has yet to find a single specimen.
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 86 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dana 6: 1080.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and "healed" forms. Apatite is highly fluorescent under sw UV light, a yellow-orange color. Has been mined for mica an
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Description: beryl- green, blue, yellow, pink, white. Pollucite- pink, yellow, white apatite- pink, green, blue, white
Reference: "Mineralogy and History of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, NC"
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine"
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Lesure, Frank G.,(1968) Mica Deposits of the Blue Ridge in North Carolina :USGS Professional Paper 577
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W.
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: "Mineralogy and History of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, NC"
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite var: Chrome-Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.118781-00
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Habit: octahedral,with dodecahedral sfcs
Colour: brownish yellow or honey yellow
Description: Microscopic grains associated with orthoclase,tourmaline,etc
Reference: Genth,1875, Minerals of North Carolina,Appendix C to Kerr,W.C,Report Geological Survey of North Carolina,Raleigh,Vol.1.pg.79
Vandendriesscheite
Formula: PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Reference: Clifford Frondel,1958,Systematic Mineralogy of Uranium and Thorium,USGS Bulletin 1064,pg.86
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Wölsendorfite
Formula: Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Reference: Finch,Robert J. and Ewing,Rodney C. (1997) Clarkeite:New chemical and structural data , American Mineralogist,Vol. 82,pg 607-619,1997
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Zoisite var: Thulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Chlorophane3.AB.25CaF2
var: Yttrocerite ?3.AB.25(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
var: Yttrofluorite ?3.AB.25(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Ce) ?4.DF.05(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Becquerelite4.GB.10Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Clarkeite4.GC.05(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Fourmarierite4.GB.25Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite ?4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)4.DB.10(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Vandendriesscheite4.GB.40PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Wölsendorfite4.GB.30Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Powellite ?7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La) ?8.AD.50La(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd) ?8.AD.50Nd(PO4)
Purpurite ?8.AB.10Mn3+(PO4)
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Alkali-beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var: Clinothulite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hafnon9.AD.30HfSiO4
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halloysite-7Å9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kasolite9.AK.15Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Olenite ?9.CK.05Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Orthoclase ?9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Chrome-Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
var: Thulite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Asbestos'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrysolite'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gummite'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite ?4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
AX2O7·xH2O
Clarkeite5.4.1.1(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
Wölsendorfite5.4.3.2Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
AX6O19·xH2O
Becquerelite5.7.1.2Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
AX7O22·xH2O
Vandendriesscheite5.8.1.1PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Miscellaneous
Fourmarierite5.9.2.1Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Ce) ?8.3.6.1(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1Fe2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)8.3.1.1(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La) ?38.4.3.2La(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd) ?38.4.3.5Nd(PO4)
Purpurite ?38.4.1.2Mn3+(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Powellite ?48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Hafnon51.5.2.2HfSiO4
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Kasolite53.3.1.1Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Olenite ?61.3.1.7Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase ?76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Asbestos'-
Beryl
var: Alkali-beryl
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrysolite'-
Clinozoisite
var: Clinothulite
-{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Fluorite
var: Chlorophane
-CaF2
var: Yttrocerite ?-(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
var: Yttrofluorite ?-(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gummite'-
Halloysite-7Å-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Sphalerite
var: Marmatite
-(Zn,Fe)S
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
var: Chrome-Tremolite
-☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon
var: Cyrtolite
-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zoisite
var: Thulite
-{Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
H BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
H KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
H FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
H Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O HafnonHfSiO4
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O UraniniteUO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
O Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
O BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
O KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
O FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O CorundumAl2O3
O Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
O Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
O Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluorite (var: Chlorophane)CaF2
F Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
F Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
F Fluorite (var: Yttrocerite)(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
Na OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si HafnonHfSiO4
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
PPhosphorus
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
P Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
P PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca Fluorite (var: Chlorophane)CaF2
Ca Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ca BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Ca Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Ca Fluorite (var: Yttrocerite)(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ti Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Y Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Y Fluorite (var: Yttrocerite)(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Nb Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
LaLanthanum
La Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ce Fluorite (var: Yttrocerite)(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
Ce Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
NdNeodymium
Nd Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
HfHafnium
Hf HafnonHfSiO4
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
WTungsten
W FerberiteFeWO4
PbLead
Pb VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
Pb WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Pb KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Pb FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U UraniniteUO2
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
U VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
U Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
U WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
U BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
U KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
U FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O

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North America PlateTectonic Plate

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