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Kovdor Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia

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Key
Lock Map
Kovdor's Mining and Processing Plant and quarry

Kovdor Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
The road to the dumps of Iron Quarry

Kovdor Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
View of the main (Iron) Zheleznyi quarry. Summer 2011

Kovdor Zheleznyi Mine, Kovdor Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
Kovdor's Mining and Processing Plant and quarry

Kovdor Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
The road to the dumps of Iron Quarry

Kovdor Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
View of the main (Iron) Zheleznyi quarry. Summer 2011

Kovdor Zheleznyi Mine, Kovdor Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
Kovdor's Mining and Processing Plant and quarry

Kovdor Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
The road to the dumps of Iron Quarry

Kovdor Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
Name(s) in local language(s):Ковдорский массив, Мурманская область
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 67° 32' 59'' North , 30° 30' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 67.55000,30.50000
GeoHash:G#: usj8q117m
Locality type:Massif
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Murmanskaja Oblast'; Murmansk Oblast


An alkaline-ultrabasic massif of central type.

Regions containing this locality

Soviet Union (1922-1991)

Country (Former) - 3,764 mineral species & varietal names listed

Karelian-Kola Alkaline Ultramafic and Carbonatitic Province, Finland/Russia

Geologic Province - 1,171 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

212 valid minerals. 24 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Reference: Kalinkina, E. V., Kalinkin, A. M., Forsling, W., & Makarov, V. N. (2001). Sorption of atmospheric carbon dioxide and structural changes of Ca and Mg silicate minerals during grinding: II. Enstatite, åkermanite and wollastonite. International journal of mineral processing, 61(4), 289-299.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
'Ancylite'
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Andradite var: Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Reference: Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.; Zaitsev, A. N., Williams, C. T., Jeffries, T. E., Strekopytov, S., Moutte, J., Ivashchenkova, O. V., ... & Borozdin, A. P. (2014). Rare earth elements in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Devonian Kola Alkaline Province, Russia: examples from Kovdor, Khibina, Vuoriyarvi and Turiy Mys complexes. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 204-225.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Aqualite
Formula: (H3O)8(Na,K,Sr)5Ca6Zr3Si26O66(OH)9Cl
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Williams, C. T. (1996). The occurrence of niobian zirconolite, pyrochlore and baddeleyite in the Kovdor carbonatite complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(401), 639-646.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Bakhchisaraitsevite (TL)
Formula: Na2Mg5(PO4)4 · 7H2O
Reference: [MinRec 32:413]; http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/kovdor.htm; Yakovenchuk V N, Ivanyuk G Y, Mikhailova Y A, Selivanova E A, Krivovichev S V (2006) Pakhomovskyite, Co3(PO4)2·8H2O, a new mineral species from Kovdor, Kola Peninsula, Russia, The Canadian Mineralogist 44, 117-123
Barićite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Batisite
Formula: BaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Biotite'
Reference: Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
'Biotitite'
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Bobierrite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
Bonshtedtite (TL)
Formula: Na3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64; Khomyakov A P, Aleksandrov V V, Krasnova N I, Ermilov V V, Smolyaninova N N (1982) Bonshtedtite, Na3Fe(PO4)(CO3), a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, issue 4, 486-490
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Bradleyite
Formula: Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
'Breccia'
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Cafetite
Formula: CaTi2O5 · H2O
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Ruslan P. Liferovich, Yakov A. Pakhomovsky, Alla N. Bogdanova, Elena G. Balaganskaya, Kauko V. O. Laajoki, Seppo Gehor and Nikita V. Chukanov (2001) Collinsite in hydrothermal assemblages related to carbonatites in the Kovdor Complex, northwestern Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist 39:1081-1094; Veksler, I. V., Nielsen, T. F. D., & Sokolov, S. V. (1998). Mineralogy of crystallized melt inclusions from Gardiner and Kovdor ultramafic alkaline complexes: implications for carbonatite genesis. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2015-2031; Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Zaitsev, A. N., Williams, C. T., Jeffries, T. E., Strekopytov, S., Moutte, J., Ivashchenkova, O. V., ... & Borozdin, A. P. (2014). Rare earth elements in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Devonian Kola Alkaline Province, Russia: examples from Kovdor, Khibina, Vuoriyarvi and Turiy Mys complexes. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 204-225.; Sokolov, S. V. (2014). Portlandite in rocks of carbonatite massifs. Geochemistry International, 52(8), 698-701.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Calzirtite
Formula: CaZr3TiO9
Reference: Williams, C. T. (1996). The occurrence of niobian zirconolite, pyrochlore and baddeleyite in the Kovdor carbonatite complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(401), 639-646.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Veksler, I. V., Nielsen, T. F. D., & Sokolov, S. V. (1998). Mineralogy of crystallized melt inclusions from Gardiner and Kovdor ultramafic alkaline complexes: implications for carbonatite genesis. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2015-2031; Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
'Carbonatite'
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Cattiite (TL)
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
Reference: S.N. Britvin, G. Ferraris, G. Ivaldi, A.N. Bogdanova & N.V. Chukanov (2002), Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2002: 160-168.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
'Chabazite'
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
'Clinochrysotile'
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Veksler, I. V., Nielsen, T. F. D., & Sokolov, S. V. (1998). Mineralogy of crystallized melt inclusions from Gardiner and Kovdor ultramafic alkaline complexes: implications for carbonatite genesis. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2015-2031; Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Ruslan P. Liferovich, Yakov A. Pakhomovsky, Alla N. Bogdanova, Elena G. Balaganskaya, Kauko V. O. Laajoki, Seppo Gehor and Nikita V. Chukanov (2001) Collinsite in hydrothermal assemblages related to carbonatites in the Kovdor Complex, northwestern Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist 39:1081-1094; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Veksler, I. V., Nielsen, T. F. D., & Sokolov, S. V. (1998). Mineralogy of crystallized melt inclusions from Gardiner and Kovdor ultramafic alkaline complexes: implications for carbonatite genesis. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2015-2031
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Delvauxite
Formula: CaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Diopsidite'
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Reference: Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Veksler, I. V., Nielsen, T. F. D., & Sokolov, S. V. (1998). Mineralogy of crystallized melt inclusions from Gardiner and Kovdor ultramafic alkaline complexes: implications for carbonatite genesis. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2015-2031; Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Zaitsev, A. N., Williams, C. T., Jeffries, T. E., Strekopytov, S., Moutte, J., Ivashchenkova, O. V., ... & Borozdin, A. P. (2014). Rare earth elements in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Devonian Kola Alkaline Province, Russia: examples from Kovdor, Khibina, Vuoriyarvi and Turiy Mys complexes. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 204-225.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Edingtonite
Formula: Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Eitelite
Formula: Na2Mg(CO3)2
Reference: Sharygin, I. S., Golovin, A. V., Korsakov, A. V., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2013). Eitelite in sheared peridotite xenoliths from Udachnaya-East kimberlite pipe (Russia)–a new locality and host rock type. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(5), 825-834.
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Epididymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
Feklichevite (TL)
Formula: Na11Ca9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3Nb[Si25O73](OH,H2O,Cl,O)5
Reference: Zap. Vseross. Mineral. Obshch., 130(3), 55–65
'Fenite'
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
'Foidolite'
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Zaitsev, A. N., Williams, C. T., Jeffries, T. E., Strekopytov, S., Moutte, J., Ivashchenkova, O. V., ... & Borozdin, A. P. (2014). Rare earth elements in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Devonian Kola Alkaline Province, Russia: examples from Kovdor, Khibina, Vuoriyarvi and Turiy Mys complexes. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 204-225.; Khomyakov A P, Aleksandrov V V, Krasnova N I, Ermilov V V, Smolyaninova N N (1982) Bonshtedtite, Na3Fe(PO4)(CO3), a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, issue 4, 486-490; Sokolov, S. V. (2014). Portlandite in rocks of carbonatite massifs. Geochemistry International, 52(8), 698-701.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Freudenbergite
Formula: Na2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Girvasite (TL)
Formula: NaCa2Mg3(PO4)3(CO3)(H2O)6
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Gladiusite (TL)
Formula: Fe2(Fe,Mg)4(PO4)(OH)11(H2O)
Reference: Can. Mineral. 38:1477-1485.
Glagolevite (TL)
Formula: Na(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Reference: M. V. Seredkin et al.: Zap. Vses. Min. Obshch.:132(1), 67-75 (2003)
'Gneiss'
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Golyshevite (TL)
Formula: Na10Ca3Ca6Zr3Fe2SiNb(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2CO3(OH)3 · H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Moiseyev, M.M., Rastsvetayeva, R.K., Rozenberg, K.A., Zadov, A.E., Pekov, I.V., Korovushkin, V.V. (2005) Golyshevite (Na,Ca)10Ca9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3NbSi25O72(CO3)(OH)3·H2O, and Mogovidite, Na9(Ca,Na)6Ca6(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3◻Si25O72(CO3)(OH,H2O)4, new eudialyte-group minerals from calcium-rich agpaitic pegmatites of the Kovdor massif, Kola Peninsula. Zapiski Rossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 134: 36-47. (in Russian, with English abstract)
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Liferovich, R.P., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Lyalina, M.F. (1998) A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor Massif, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 971-980.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Henrymeyerite (TL)
Formula: Ba(Ti4+7Fe2+)O16
Reference: Mitchell, R.H., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Burns, P.C., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2000) Henrymeyerite, a new hollandite-type Ba-Fe titanate from the Kovdor Complex, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 617-626.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Reference: N.V. Chukanov(2014),Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library,Vol 1Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy of mineral species
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Hydrotalcite-2H'
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Ruslan P. Liferovich, Yakov A. Pakhomovsky, Alla N. Bogdanova, Elena G. Balaganskaya, Kauko V. O. Laajoki, Seppo Gehor and Nikita V. Chukanov (2001) Collinsite in hydrothermal assemblages related to carbonatites in the Kovdor Complex, northwestern Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist 39:1081-1094; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Hydroxynatropyrochlore (TL)
Formula: (Na,Сa,Ce)2Nb2O6(OH)
Reference: Ivanyuk, G.Y., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Panikorovskii, T.L., Konoplyova, N., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Bazai, A.V., Bocharov, V.N. and Krivovichev, S.V. (2017) Hydroxynatropyrochlore, IMA 2017-074. CNMNC Newsletter No. 40, December 2017, page 1580; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1577–1581.
'Ijolite'
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Ilmenite var: Picroilmenite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
'commodity:Iron'
Formula: Fe
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Juanite
Formula: Ca10Mg4Al2Si11O39 · 4H2O or near
Reference: Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
Juonniite (TL)
Formula: CaMgSc(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: [MinRec 32:413]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Yakovenchuk V N, Ivanyuk G Y, Mikhailova Y A, Selivanova E A, Krivovichev S V (2006) Pakhomovskyite, Co3(PO4)2·8H2O, a new mineral species from Kovdor, Kola Peninsula, Russia, The Canadian Mineralogist 44, 117-123
Kampelite (TL)
Formula: Ba6Mg3Sc8(PO4)12(OH)6·7H2O
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Panikorovskii, T.L., Britvin, S.N., Krivovichev, S.K., Shilovskikh, V.V. and Bocharov, V.N. (2017) Kampelite, IMA 2016-084. CNMNC Newsletter No. 35, February 2017, page 210; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 209–213. ;Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Panikorovskii, T.L., Britvin, S.N., Krivovichev, S.V., Shilovskikh, V.V., Bocharov, V.N. (2018): Kampelite, Ba3Mg1.5Sc4(PO4)6(OH)3·4H2O, a new very complex Ba-Sc phosphate mineral from the Kovdor phoscorite-carbonatite complex (Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology: 112: 111–121
Karchevskyite (TL)
Formula: Mg18Al9(OH)54Sr2(CO3)9(H2O)6 (H3O)5
Reference: Britvin, S. N., Chukanov, N. V., Bekenova, G. K., Yagovkina, M. A., Antonov, A. V., Bogdanova, A. N., & Krasnova, N. I. (2008). Karchevskyite,[Mg18Al9 (OH) 54][Sr2 (CO3, PO4) 9 (H2O, H3O) 11], a new mineral species of the layered double hydroxide family. Geology of Ore Deposits, 50(7), 556-564.
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Khanneshite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Koninckite
Formula: Fe3+PO4 · 3H2O
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kovdorskite (TL)
Formula: Mg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Yakovenchuk V N, Ivanyuk G Y, Mikhailova Y A, Selivanova E A, Krivovichev S V (2006) Pakhomovskyite, Co3(PO4)2·8H2O, a new mineral species from Kovdor, Kola Peninsula, Russia, The Canadian Mineralogist 44, 117-123
Krasnovite (TL)
Formula: Ba(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Labuntsovite-Fe
Formula: Na4K4(Ba,K)2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
Labuntsovite-Mg (TL)
Formula: Na4K4(Ba,K)2Mg(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
Reference: Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 130, issue 4, 36-45; American Mineralogist, Volume 87, pages 1731–1735, 2002; http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/kovdor.htm
Labuntsovite-Mn
Formula: Na4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Lamprophyllite
Formula: (Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Lamprophyllite var: Barium-Lamprophyllite
Formula: (Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na,Ba,K)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Lemmleinite-Ba
Formula: Na2K2Ba(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2O
Lemmleinite-K
Formula: K2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 4H2O
'Leucocratic nephelinolite'
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Loparite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Lueshite
Formula: NaNbO3
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Ruslan P. Liferovich, Yakov A. Pakhomovsky, Alla N. Bogdanova, Elena G. Balaganskaya, Kauko V. O. Laajoki, Seppo Gehor and Nikita V. Chukanov (2001) Collinsite in hydrothermal assemblages related to carbonatites in the Kovdor Complex, northwestern Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist 39:1081-1094; Veksler, I. V., Nielsen, T. F. D., & Sokolov, S. V. (1998). Mineralogy of crystallized melt inclusions from Gardiner and Kovdor ultramafic alkaline complexes: implications for carbonatite genesis. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2015-2031; Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Zaitsev, A. N., Williams, C. T., Jeffries, T. E., Strekopytov, S., Moutte, J., Ivashchenkova, O. V., ... & Borozdin, A. P. (2014). Rare earth elements in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Devonian Kola Alkaline Province, Russia: examples from Kovdor, Khibina, Vuoriyarvi and Turiy Mys complexes. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 204-225.; Sokolov, S. V. (2014). Portlandite in rocks of carbonatite massifs. Geochemistry International, 52(8), 698-701.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Manaevite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ca11(Ce,H2O,Ca)8Mg(Al,Fe)4(Mg,Ti,Fe3+)8[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)8(H4O4)2](OH)9
Reference: Moiseev, M.M., Panikorovskii, T.L., Aksenov, S.M., Mazur, A.S., Mikhailova, J.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Bazai, A.V., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Agakhanov, A.A., Shilovskikh, V.V., Pekov, I.V., Kasatkin, A.V., Rusakov, V.S., Yapaskurt, V.O., Karpenko, V.Y. and Krivovichev, S.V. (2018) Manaevite-(Ce), IMA 2018-046. CNMNC Newsletter No. 45, October 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82, xxx-xxx; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=14984
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
'Melanocratic nephelinolite'
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
'Melilitolite'
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Messelite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Ruslan P. Liferovich, Yakov A. Pakhomovsky, Alla N. Bogdanova, Elena G. Balaganskaya, Kauko V. O. Laajoki, Seppo Gehor and Nikita V. Chukanov (2001) Collinsite in hydrothermal assemblages related to carbonatites in the Kovdor Complex, northwestern Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist 39:1081-1094
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Miserite
Formula: K1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2O
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Mogovidite (TL)
Formula: Na9(Ca,Na)12Fe2Zr3Si25O72(CO3) (OH)4
Reference: IMA Website
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Nabalamprophyllite (TL)
Formula: Na3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
Reference: CHUKANOV, N.V., MOISEEV, M.M., PEKOV, I.V., LAZEBNIK, K.A., RASTSVETAEVA, R.K., ZAYAKINA, N.V., FERRARIS, G., IVALDI, G. (2004) Nabalamprophyllite, Ba(Na,Ba){Na3Ti[Ti2O2Si4O14](OH,F)2}, a new layer titanosilicate of the lamprophyllite group from alkaline-ultrabasic massifs Inagli and Kovdor, Russia. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 133(1), 59-72 (in Russian).
Nastrophite
Formula: Na(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2O
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Veksler, I. V., Nielsen, T. F. D., & Sokolov, S. V. (1998). Mineralogy of crystallized melt inclusions from Gardiner and Kovdor ultramafic alkaline complexes: implications for carbonatite genesis. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2015-2031; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Norsethite
Formula: BaMg(CO3)2
Northupite
Formula: Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Nyerereite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Olekminskite
Formula: Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Oxycalciopyrochlore
Formula: Ca2Nb2O6O
Reference: Williams, C.T. (1996): The occurrence of niobian zirconolite, pyrochlore and baddeleyite in the Kovdor carbonatite complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine: 60: 639-646; Atencio D., Andrade M.B., Christy A.G., Giere R., Kartashov P.M. (2010) The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 673-698.
Pakhomovskyite (TL)
Formula: Co3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Mikhailova, Yu, A., Selivanova, E.A., Krivovichev, S.V. (2006): Pakhomovskyite, Co3(PO4)2·8H2O, a new mineral species from Kovdor, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 44:117-123
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Penkvilksite
Formula: Na4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2O
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
'Peridotite'
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Perovskite var: Dysanalyte
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
'Phillipsite'
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64; Veksler, I. V., Nielsen, T. F. D., & Sokolov, S. V. (1998). Mineralogy of crystallized melt inclusions from Gardiner and Kovdor ultramafic alkaline complexes: implications for carbonatite genesis. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2015-2031; Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.; Zaitsev, A. N., Williams, C. T., Jeffries, T. E., Strekopytov, S., Moutte, J., Ivashchenkova, O. V., ... & Borozdin, A. P. (2014). Rare earth elements in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Devonian Kola Alkaline Province, Russia: examples from Kovdor, Khibina, Vuoriyarvi and Turiy Mys complexes. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 204-225.; Khomyakov A P, Aleksandrov V V, Krasnova N I, Ermilov V V, Smolyaninova N N (1982) Bonshtedtite, Na3Fe(PO4)(CO3), a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, issue 4, 486-490; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
'Phoscorite'
Reference: Sokolov, S. V. (2014). Portlandite in rocks of carbonatite massifs. Geochemistry International, 52(8), 698-701.
'commodity:Phosphate Rock'
Reference:  
Phosphoinnelite (TL)
Formula: Na3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2F
Reference: Zapiski Rossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchetstva 135, issue 3, 52-60
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Reference: Sokolov, S. V. (2014). Portlandite in rocks of carbonatite massifs. Geochemistry International, 52(8), 698-701.
Priderite
Formula: K(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Ruslan P. Liferovich, Yakov A. Pakhomovsky, Alla N. Bogdanova, Elena G. Balaganskaya, Kauko V. O. Laajoki, Seppo Gehor and Nikita V. Chukanov (2001) Collinsite in hydrothermal assemblages related to carbonatites in the Kovdor Complex, northwestern Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist 39:1081-1094; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
'Pyroaurite-2H'
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Zaitsev, A. N., Williams, C. T., Jeffries, T. E., Strekopytov, S., Moutte, J., Ivashchenkova, O. V., ... & Borozdin, A. P. (2014). Rare earth elements in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Devonian Kola Alkaline Province, Russia: examples from Kovdor, Khibina, Vuoriyarvi and Turiy Mys complexes. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 204-225.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Williams, C. T. (1996). The occurrence of niobian zirconolite, pyrochlore and baddeleyite in the Kovdor carbonatite complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(401), 639-646.; Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Ruslan P. Liferovich, Yakov A. Pakhomovsky, Alla N. Bogdanova, Elena G. Balaganskaya, Kauko V. O. Laajoki, Seppo Gehor and Nikita V. Chukanov (2001) Collinsite in hydrothermal assemblages related to carbonatites in the Kovdor Complex, northwestern Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist 39:1081-1094; Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Quintinite
Formula: Mg4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
'Quintinite-1M'
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 74, 833–840 (2010)
'Quintinite-2H'
'Quintinite-3R'
'Rhabdophane'
Rhabdophane-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4) · H2O
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Rimkorolgite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Mn)5(Ba,Sr,Ca)(PO4)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 27: 305.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Mikhailova, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., and Krivovichev, S.V. (2006) Pakhomovskyite, Co3(PO4)2·8H2O, a new mineral species from Kovdor, Kola Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 117-123.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Veksler, I. V., Nielsen, T. F. D., & Sokolov, S. V. (1998). Mineralogy of crystallized melt inclusions from Gardiner and Kovdor ultramafic alkaline complexes: implications for carbonatite genesis. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2015-2031
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Reference: Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Shcherbakovite
Formula: (K,Ba)KNa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)O2
Shortite
Formula: Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64; Khomyakov A P, Aleksandrov V V, Krasnova N I, Ermilov V V, Smolyaninova N N (1982) Bonshtedtite, Na3Fe(PO4)(CO3), a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, issue 4, 486-490; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Khomyakov A P, Aleksandrov V V, Krasnova N I, Ermilov V V, Smolyaninova N N (1982) Bonshtedtite, Na3Fe(PO4)(CO3), a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, issue 4, 486-490
'Skarn'
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Stevensite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Stistaite
Formula: SnSb
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Strontiowhitlockite (TL)
Formula: Sr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Tacharanite
Formula: Ca12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
Ternovite
Formula: (Mg,Ca)Nb4O11 · nH2O
Reference: Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
Tetraferriphlogopite (TL)
Formula: KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: World of Stones 95: 5-6, 64.; Rimskaya-Korsakova O.M. and Sokolova E.P. (1964) ZVMO, 93(4), p.411 (in Rus.).; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.
'Thomsonite'
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Thorite var: Orangite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Tin
Formula: Sn
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Khomyakov A P, Aleksandrov V V, Krasnova N I, Ermilov V V, Smolyaninova N N (1982) Bonshtedtite, Na3Fe(PO4)(CO3), a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, issue 4, 486-490
'Turjaite'
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
'UM1991-10-PO:BaCaHMgSr'
Formula: ~(Ca,Mg,Ba)Sr2P2O7(OH)2•1.7H2O
'Uncompahgrite'
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Reference: Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Zaitsev, A. N., Williams, C. T., Jeffries, T. E., Strekopytov, S., Moutte, J., Ivashchenkova, O. V., ... & Borozdin, A. P. (2014). Rare earth elements in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Devonian Kola Alkaline Province, Russia: examples from Kovdor, Khibina, Vuoriyarvi and Turiy Mys complexes. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 204-225.
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Vigezzite
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Vinogradovite
Formula: Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Reference: Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
Wadeite
Formula: K2Zr(Si3O9)
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Veksler, I. V., Nielsen, T. F. D., & Sokolov, S. V. (1998). Mineralogy of crystallized melt inclusions from Gardiner and Kovdor ultramafic alkaline complexes: implications for carbonatite genesis. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2015-2031; Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Downes, H., Balaganskaya, E., Beard, A., Liferovich, R., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). Petrogenetic processes in the ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatitic magmatism in the Kola Alkaline Province: a review. Lithos, 85(1), 48-75.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Khomyakov A P, Aleksandrov V V, Krasnova N I, Ermilov V V, Smolyaninova N N (1982) Bonshtedtite, Na3Fe(PO4)(CO3), a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, issue 4, 486-490; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
'commodity:Zircon'
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: Williams, C. T. (1996). The occurrence of niobian zirconolite, pyrochlore and baddeleyite in the Kovdor carbonatite complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(401), 639-646.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Zaitsev, A. N., Williams, C. T., Jeffries, T. E., Strekopytov, S., Moutte, J., Ivashchenkova, O. V., ... & Borozdin, A. P. (2014). Rare earth elements in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Devonian Kola Alkaline Province, Russia: examples from Kovdor, Khibina, Vuoriyarvi and Turiy Mys complexes. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 204-225.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Zirkelite
Formula: (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Tin1.AC.10Sn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Altaite'2.CD.10PbTe
'Argentopentlandite'2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltpentlandite2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Djerfisherite2.FC.05K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stistaite2.AA.45SnSb
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Anatase'4.DD.05TiO2
'Baddeleyite'4.DE.35ZrO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Cafetite4.FL.75CaTi2O5 · H2O
Calzirtite4.DL.10CaZr3TiO9
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
Freudenbergite4.CC.10Na2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Henrymeyerite (TL)4.DK.05bBa(Ti4+7Fe2+)O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
var: Picroilmenite4.CB.05(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.CC.35(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Lueshite4.CC.30NaNbO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Microlite Group4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
var: Dysanalyte4.CC.30CaTiO3
Portlandite4.FE.05Ca(OH)2
Priderite4.DK.05bK(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
Pyrochlore Group4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Ternovite4.FM.15(Mg,Ca)Nb4O11 · nH2O
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Vigezzite4.DF.05(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite4.DL.05(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ancylite-(Ce)'5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Bonshtedtite (TL)5.BF.10Na3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)
Bradleyite5.BF.10Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Eitelite5.AC.05Na2Mg(CO3)2
Hydrotalcite5.DA.50Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Hydrotalcite-2H5.DA.45Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Khanneshite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Norsethite5.AB.30BaMg(CO3)2
Northupite5.BF.05Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Nyerereite5.AC.10Na2Ca(CO3)2
Olekminskite5.AB.40Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Pyroaurite-2H5.DA.45Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Quintinite5.DA.40Mg4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Shortite5.AC.25Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Bakhchisaraitsevite' (TL)8.CH.50Na2Mg5(PO4)4 · 7H2O
'Barićite'8.CE.40(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Bobierrite8.CE.35Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cattiite (TL)8.CE.50Mg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
Collinsite8.CG.05Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Delvauxite8.DM.35CaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Girvasite (TL)8.DO.05NaCa2Mg3(PO4)3(CO3)(H2O)6
Gladiusite (TL)8.DF.40Fe2(Fe,Mg)4(PO4)(OH)11(H2O)
Gorceixite8.BL.10BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Juonniite (TL)8.DH.20CaMgSc(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
Koninckite8.CE.55Fe3+PO4 · 3H2O
Kovdorskite (TL)8.DC.22Mg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Krasnovite (TL)8.DK.35Ba(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Messelite8.CG.05Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Nastrophite8.CJ.15Na(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2O
Pakhomovskyite (TL)8.CE.40Co3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Rhabdophane-(Ce)8.CJ.45Ce(PO4) · H2O
Rimkorolgite (TL)8.CH.45(Mg,Mn)5(Ba,Sr,Ca)(PO4)4 · 8H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Strontiowhitlockite (TL)8.AC.45Sr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Aegirine'9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
'Aegirine-augite'9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite-(Ce)'9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Andradite'9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Demantoid9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Annite'9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Antigorite'9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Aqualite'9.CO.10(H3O)8(Na,K,Sr)5Ca6Zr3Si26O66(OH)9Cl
'Arfvedsonite'9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Batisite9.DH.20BaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
Beidellite9.EC.40(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Catapleiite9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochrysotile9.ED.
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Cuspidine9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Cymrite9.EG.05BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Edingtonite9.GA.15Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Elpidite9.DG.65Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Epididymite9.DG.55Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Feklichevite (TL)9.CO.10Na11Ca9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3Nb[Si25O73](OH,H2O,Cl,O)5
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Glagolevite (TL)9.EC.55Na(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Golyshevite (TL)9.CO.10Na10Ca3Ca6Zr3Fe2SiNb(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2CO3(OH)3 · H2O
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Greenalite9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Halloysite9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Juanite9.HA.70Ca10Mg4Al2Si11O39 · 4H2O or near
Katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Labuntsovite-Fe9.CE.30eNa4K4(Ba,K)2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
Labuntsovite-Mg (TL)9.CE.30eNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mg(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
Labuntsovite-Mn9.CE.30eNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Lamprophyllite9.BE.25(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
var: Barium-Lamprophyllite9.BE.25(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na,Ba,K)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Lemmleinite-Ba9.CE.30dNa2K2Ba(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2O
Lemmleinite-K9.CE.30dK2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 4H2O
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lorenzenite9.DB.10Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Miserite9.DG.85K1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2O
Mogovidite (TL)9.CO.10Na9(Ca,Na)12Fe2Zr3Si25O72(CO3) (OH)4
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nabalamprophyllite (TL)9.BE.25Na3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Penkvilksite9.EA.60Na4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phosphoinnelite (TL)9.BE.40Na3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2F
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Schorlomite9.AD.25Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Shcherbakovite9.DH.20(K,Ba)KNa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)O2
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Stevensite9.EC.45(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Tacharanite9.HA.75Ca12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tetraferriphlogopite (TL)9.EC.20KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Orangite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vinogradovite9.DB.25Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Wadeite9.CA.10K2Zr(Si3O9)
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
'Åkermanite'9.BB.10Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-
Biotite-
Biotitite-
Breccia-
Carbonatite-
Chabazite-
Chlorite Group-
Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)-
Clinopyroxene Subgroup-
Diopsidite-
Fayalite-Forsterite Series-
Fenite-
Foidolite-
Garnet Group-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gneiss-
Hydroxynatropyrochlore (TL)-(Na,Сa,Ce)2Nb2O6(OH)
Ijolite-
Kampelite (TL)-Ba6Mg3Sc8(PO4)12(OH)6·7H2O
Karchevskyite (TL)-Mg18Al9(OH)54Sr2(CO3)9(H2O)6 (H3O)5
Leucocratic nephelinolite-
Manaevite-(Ce) (TL)-Ca11(Ce,H2O,Ca)8Mg(Al,Fe)4(Mg,Ti,Fe3+)8[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)8(H4O4)2](OH)9
Melanocratic nephelinolite-
Melilite Group-Ca2M(XSiO7)
Melilitolite-
Monazite-
Oxycalciopyrochlore-Ca2Nb2O6O
Peridotite-
Phillipsite-
Phoscorite-
Pyrochlore-
Quintinite-1M-
Quintinite-2H-
Quintinite-3R-
Rhabdophane-
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Skarn-
Thomsonite-
Turjaite-
UM1991-10-PO:BaCaHMgSr-~(Ca,Mg,Ba)Sr2P2O7(OH)2•1.7H2O
Uncompahgrite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Tin1.1.13.1Sn
Semi-metals and non-metals
Stistaite1.3.1.5SnSb
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Argentopentlandite2.7.1.2Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Cobaltpentlandite2.7.1.3(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Moncheite2.12.14.3(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Chlor-sulfides
Djerfisherite2.15.2.1K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.3.3.3(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Lueshite4.3.3.4NaNbO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Portlandite6.2.1.4Ca(OH)2
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Nordstrandite6.3.3.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
AB8X16
Freudenbergite7.9.3.1Na2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Priderite7.9.4.1K(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite8.2.5.1(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
AB2O6
Vigezzite8.3.7.1(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Miscellaneous
Cafetite8.7.3.1CaTi2O5 · H2O
Calzirtite8.7.4.1CaZr3TiO9
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Norsethite14.2.2.1BaMg(CO3)2
Olekminskite14.2.2.3Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
A2B(XO3)2
Eitelite14.3.2.1Na2Mg(CO3)2
Nyerereite14.3.4.1Na2Ca(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Khanneshite14.4.4.2(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Shortite14.4.1.1Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Northupite16a.3.9.1Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Hydrotalcite16b.6.2.1Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Hydrotalcite-2H'16b.6.1.1Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
'Pyroaurite-2H'16b.6.1.3Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Quintinite16b.7.16.3Mg4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Strontiowhitlockite (TL)38.3.4.2Sr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB(XO4)·xH2O
Nastrophite40.1.3.1Na(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2O
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Collinsite40.2.2.3Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Messelite40.2.2.2Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Barićite40.3.6.2(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Bobierrite40.3.7.1Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Koninckite40.4.2.1Fe3+PO4 · 3H2O
Rhabdophane-(Ce)40.4.7.1Ce(PO4) · H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Delvauxite42.6.6.1CaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Gorceixite42.7.3.2BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Normal Compound Phosphates, etc·
Bonshtedtite (TL)43.2.1.3Na3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)
Bradleyite43.2.1.1Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Girvasite (TL)43.5.17.1NaCa2Mg3(PO4)3(CO3)(H2O)6
Kovdorskite (TL)43.5.8.1Mg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Schorlomite51.4.3c.1Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Åkermanite55.4.1.1Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Cuspidine56.2.4.3Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Lamprophyllite56.2.6c.4(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, anhydrous, no other anions
Wadeite59.1.1.4K2Zr(Si3O9)
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Aqualite64.1.1.3(H3O)8(Na,K,Sr)5Ca6Zr3Si26O66(OH)9Cl
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Feklichevite (TL)64.1.7. Na11Ca9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3Nb[Si25O73](OH,H2O,Cl,O)5
Golyshevite (TL)64.1.6. Na10Ca3Ca6Zr3Fe2SiNb(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2CO3(OH)3 · H2O
Mogovidite (TL)64.1.4.Na9(Ca,Na)12Fe2Zr3Si25O72(CO3) (OH)4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Lorenzenite65.1.6.1Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=4
Batisite65.3.4.1BaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
Shcherbakovite65.3.4.2(K,Ba)KNa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)O2
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Edenite66.1.3a.10{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Katophorite66.1.3b.11{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Epididymite66.3.1.4Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Group 68 - INOSILICATES Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Vinogradovite68.1.2.1Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with Si2O7 dimers
Miserite70.2.1.1K1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2O
Penkvilksite70.2.2.1Na4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Clinochrysotile'71.1.2d.1
Greenalite71.1.2b.4(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Beidellite71.3.1a.1(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Stevensite71.3.1b.6(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Tacharanite72.3.2.6Ca12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with corrugated and complex layers
Elpidite72.5.4.2Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Edingtonite77.1.5.6Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Gonnardite77.1.5.7(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Harmotome77.1.3.5(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Cymrite78.1.3.1BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Juanite78.7.6.1Ca10Mg4Al2Si11O39 · 4H2O or near
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Ancylite'-
Andradite
var: Demantoid
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Bakhchisaraitsevite (TL)-Na2Mg5(PO4)4 · 7H2O
'Biotite'-
'Biotitite'-
'Breccia'-
'Carbonatite'-
Cattiite (TL)-Mg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Diopsidite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Fenite'-
'Foidolite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gladiusite (TL)-Fe2(Fe,Mg)4(PO4)(OH)11(H2O)
Glagolevite (TL)-Na(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
'Gneiss'-
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Henrymeyerite (TL)-Ba(Ti4+7Fe2+)O16
Hydroxynatropyrochlore (TL)-(Na,Сa,Ce)2Nb2O6(OH)
'Ijolite'-
Ilmenite
var: Picroilmenite
-(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Juonniite (TL)-CaMgSc(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
Kampelite (TL)-Ba6Mg3Sc8(PO4)12(OH)6·7H2O
Karchevskyite (TL)-Mg18Al9(OH)54Sr2(CO3)9(H2O)6 (H3O)5
Krasnovite (TL)-Ba(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Labuntsovite-Fe-Na4K4(Ba,K)2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
Labuntsovite-Mg (TL)-Na4K4(Ba,K)2Mg(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
Labuntsovite-Mn-Na4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Lamprophyllite
var: Barium-Lamprophyllite
-(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na,Ba,K)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Lemmleinite-Ba-Na2K2Ba(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2O
Lemmleinite-K-K2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 4H2O
'Leucocratic nephelinolite'-
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Manaevite-(Ce) (TL)-Ca11(Ce,H2O,Ca)8Mg(Al,Fe)4(Mg,Ti,Fe3+)8[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)8(H4O4)2](OH)9
'Melanocratic nephelinolite'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Melilitolite'-
'Monazite'-
Nabalamprophyllite (TL)-Na3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
Oxycalciopyrochlore-Ca2Nb2O6O
Pakhomovskyite (TL)-Co3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
'Peridotite'-
Perovskite
var: Dysanalyte
-CaTiO3
'Phillipsite'-
'Phoscorite'-
Phosphoinnelite (TL)-Na3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2F
'Pyrochlore'-
'Quintinite-1M'-
'Quintinite-2H'-
'Quintinite-3R'-
'Rhabdophane'-
Rimkorolgite (TL)-(Mg,Mn)5(Ba,Sr,Ca)(PO4)4 · 8H2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Skarn'-
Ternovite-(Mg,Ca)Nb4O11 · nH2O
Tetraferriphlogopite (TL)-KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
'Thomsonite'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite
var: Orangite
-Th(SiO4)
'Turjaite'-
'UM1991-10-PO:BaCaHMgSr'-~(Ca,Mg,Ba)Sr2P2O7(OH)2•1.7H2O
'Uncompahgrite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Aqualite(H3O)8(Na,K,Sr)5Ca6Zr3Si26O66(OH)9Cl
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BakhchisaraitseviteNa2Mg5(PO4)4 · 7H2O
H Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Lamprophyllite (var: Barium-Lamprophyllite)(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na,Ba,K)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
H Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2O
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
H CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
H DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
H Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
H ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
H EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H FeklicheviteNa11Ca9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3Nb[Si25O73](OH,H2O,Cl,O)5
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H GirvasiteNaCa2Mg3(PO4)3(CO3)(H2O)6
H GladiusiteFe2(Fe,Mg)4(PO4)(OH)11(H2O)
H GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GolysheviteNa10Ca3Ca6Zr3Fe2SiNb(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2CO3(OH)3 · H2O
H Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
H GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
H Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Hydroxynatropyrochlore(Na,Сa,Ce)2Nb2O6(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H JuaniteCa10Mg4Al2Si11O39 · 4H2O or near
H JuonniiteCaMgSc(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
H KampeliteBa6Mg3Sc8(PO4)12(OH)6·7H2O
H KarchevskyiteMg18Al9(OH)54Sr2(CO3)9(H2O)6 (H3O)5
H Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2O
H KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
H KovdorskiteMg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2O
H KrasnoviteBa(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
H Labuntsovite-FeNa4K4(Ba,K)2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
H Labuntsovite-MgNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mg(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
H Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
H Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
H Lemmleinite-BaNa2K2Ba(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2O
H Lemmleinite-KK2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 4H2O
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Manaevite-(Ce)Ca11(Ce,H2O,Ca)8Mg(Al,Fe)4(Mg,Ti,Fe3+)8[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)8(H4O4)2](OH)9
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H MiseriteK1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2O
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H MogoviditeNa9(Ca,Na)12Fe2Zr3Si25O72(CO3) (OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
H NastrophiteNa(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H NordstranditeAl(OH)3
H PakhomovskyiteCo3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H PenkvilksiteNa4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PortlanditeCa(OH)2
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H Pyroaurite-2HMg6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
H Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Rimkorolgite(Mg,Mn)5(Ba,Sr,Ca)(PO4)4 · 8H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Shcherbakovite(K,Ba)KNa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)O2
H Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
H TacharaniteCa12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Ternovite(Mg,Ca)Nb4O11 · nH2O
H TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H UM1991-10-PO:BaCaHMgSr~(Ca,Mg,Ba)Sr2P2O7(OH)2•1.7H2O
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
BeBeryllium
Be EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
BBoron
B KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
C BonshtedtiteNa3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)
C BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
C Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
C CalciteCaCO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C EiteliteNa2Mg(CO3)2
C GirvasiteNaCa2Mg3(PO4)3(CO3)(H2O)6
C GolysheviteNa10Ca3Ca6Zr3Fe2SiNb(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2CO3(OH)3 · H2O
C HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
C Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
C KarchevskyiteMg18Al9(OH)54Sr2(CO3)9(H2O)6 (H3O)5
C Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
C KrasnoviteBa(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C MogoviditeNa9(Ca,Na)12Fe2Zr3Si25O72(CO3) (OH)4
C NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
C NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
C NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
C OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
C Pyroaurite-2HMg6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
C QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
C SideriteFeCO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C WitheriteBaCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnataseTiO2
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Aqualite(H3O)8(Na,K,Sr)5Ca6Zr3Si26O66(OH)9Cl
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O BakhchisaraitseviteNa2Mg5(PO4)4 · 7H2O
O Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Lamprophyllite (var: Barium-Lamprophyllite)(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na,Ba,K)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
O BatisiteBaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
O Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O BonshtedtiteNa3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)
O BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
O CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
O CelestineSrSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O CorundumAl2O3
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
O CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
O DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
O Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Perovskite (var: Dysanalyte)CaTiO3
O Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
O EiteliteNa2Mg(CO3)2
O ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
O EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
O EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O FeklicheviteNa11Ca9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3Nb[Si25O73](OH,H2O,Cl,O)5
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O GeikieliteMgTiO3
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O GirvasiteNaCa2Mg3(PO4)3(CO3)(H2O)6
O GladiusiteFe2(Fe,Mg)4(PO4)(OH)11(H2O)
O GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GolysheviteNa10Ca3Ca6Zr3Fe2SiNb(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2CO3(OH)3 · H2O
O Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
O GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O HenrymeyeriteBa(Ti74+Fe2+)O16
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
O Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Hydroxynatropyrochlore(Na,Сa,Ce)2Nb2O6(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O JuaniteCa10Mg4Al2Si11O39 · 4H2O or near
O JuonniiteCaMgSc(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
O KampeliteBa6Mg3Sc8(PO4)12(OH)6·7H2O
O KarchevskyiteMg18Al9(OH)54Sr2(CO3)9(H2O)6 (H3O)5
O Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
O Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
O KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2O
O KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
O KovdorskiteMg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2O
O KrasnoviteBa(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
O Labuntsovite-FeNa4K4(Ba,K)2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
O Labuntsovite-MgNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mg(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
O Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
O Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
O Lemmleinite-BaNa2K2Ba(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2O
O Lemmleinite-KK2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 4H2O
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
O LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
O LueshiteNaNbO3
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Manaevite-(Ce)Ca11(Ce,H2O,Ca)8Mg(Al,Fe)4(Mg,Ti,Fe3+)8[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)8(H4O4)2](OH)9
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MiseriteK1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2O
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O MogoviditeNa9(Ca,Na)12Fe2Zr3Si25O72(CO3) (OH)4
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
O NastrophiteNa(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2O
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O NordstranditeAl(OH)3
O NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
O NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
O NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
O OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
O Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O OxycalciopyrochloreCa2Nb2O6O
O PakhomovskyiteCo3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O PenkvilksiteNa4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2O
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2F
O Ilmenite (var: Picroilmenite)(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O PortlanditeCa(OH)2
O PrideriteK(Ti74+Fe3+)O16
O PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O Pyroaurite-2HMg6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O QuartzSiO2
O QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
O Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Rimkorolgite(Mg,Mn)5(Ba,Sr,Ca)(PO4)4 · 8H2O
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O RutileTiO2
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Shcherbakovite(K,Ba)KNa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)O2
O ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
O SideriteFeCO3
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
O TacharaniteCa12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Ternovite(Mg,Ca)Nb4O11 · nH2O
O TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O ThorianiteThO2
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
O UM1991-10-PO:BaCaHMgSr~(Ca,Mg,Ba)Sr2P2O7(OH)2•1.7H2O
O Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O Vigezzite(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O WitheriteBaCO3
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
FFluorine
F Lamprophyllite (var: Barium-Lamprophyllite)(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na,Ba,K)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
F PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2F
F Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
NaSodium
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Aqualite(H3O)8(Na,K,Sr)5Ca6Zr3Si26O66(OH)9Cl
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na BakhchisaraitseviteNa2Mg5(PO4)4 · 7H2O
Na Lamprophyllite (var: Barium-Lamprophyllite)(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na,Ba,K)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Na BatisiteBaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
Na Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na BonshtedtiteNa3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)
Na BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Na Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Na EiteliteNa2Mg(CO3)2
Na ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Na EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Na EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Na FeklicheviteNa11Ca9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3Nb[Si25O73](OH,H2O,Cl,O)5
Na FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Na GirvasiteNaCa2Mg3(PO4)3(CO3)(H2O)6
Na GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Na GolysheviteNa10Ca3Ca6Zr3Fe2SiNb(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2CO3(OH)3 · H2O
Na Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Na Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Hydroxynatropyrochlore(Na,Сa,Ce)2Nb2O6(OH)
Na Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Na Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Na Labuntsovite-FeNa4K4(Ba,K)2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
Na Labuntsovite-MgNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mg(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
Na Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Na Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Na Lemmleinite-BaNa2K2Ba(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2O
Na Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Na LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Na LueshiteNaNbO3
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na MogoviditeNa9(Ca,Na)12Fe2Zr3Si25O72(CO3) (OH)4
Na NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
Na NastrophiteNa(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Na NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na PenkvilksiteNa4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2O
Na PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2F
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Shcherbakovite(K,Ba)KNa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)O2
Na ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg BakhchisaraitseviteNa2Mg5(PO4)4 · 7H2O
Mg Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Mg BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Mg BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg EiteliteNa2Mg(CO3)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg GeikieliteMgTiO3
Mg GirvasiteNaCa2Mg3(PO4)3(CO3)(H2O)6
Mg GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Mg Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Mg JuaniteCa10Mg4Al2Si11O39 · 4H2O or near
Mg JuonniiteCaMgSc(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
Mg KampeliteBa6Mg3Sc8(PO4)12(OH)6·7H2O
Mg KarchevskyiteMg18Al9(OH)54Sr2(CO3)9(H2O)6 (H3O)5
Mg Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Mg KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Mg KovdorskiteMg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Mg KrasnoviteBa(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Mg Labuntsovite-MgNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mg(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Manaevite-(Ce)Ca11(Ce,H2O,Ca)8Mg(Al,Fe)4(Mg,Ti,Fe3+)8[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)8(H4O4)2](OH)9
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
Mg NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Ilmenite (var: Picroilmenite)(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Pyroaurite-2HMg6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Mg QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Rimkorolgite(Mg,Mn)5(Ba,Sr,Ca)(PO4)4 · 8H2O
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Ternovite(Mg,Ca)Nb4O11 · nH2O
Mg TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg UM1991-10-PO:BaCaHMgSr~(Ca,Mg,Ba)Sr2P2O7(OH)2•1.7H2O
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
AlAluminium
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Al Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Al Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Al GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Al Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Al JuaniteCa10Mg4Al2Si11O39 · 4H2O or near
Al KarchevskyiteMg18Al9(OH)54Sr2(CO3)9(H2O)6 (H3O)5
Al Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Al KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Al KrasnoviteBa(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Manaevite-(Ce)Ca11(Ce,H2O,Ca)8Mg(Al,Fe)4(Mg,Ti,Fe3+)8[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)8(H4O4)2](OH)9
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al NordstranditeAl(OH)3
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al TacharaniteCa12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Aqualite(H3O)8(Na,K,Sr)5Ca6Zr3Si26O66(OH)9Cl
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Lamprophyllite (var: Barium-Lamprophyllite)(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na,Ba,K)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Si BatisiteBaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
Si Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Si CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Si Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Si ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Si EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Si EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Si FeklicheviteNa11Ca9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3Nb[Si25O73](OH,H2O,Cl,O)5
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Si GolysheviteNa10Ca3Ca6Zr3Fe2SiNb(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2CO3(OH)3 · H2O
Si Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Si Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si JuaniteCa10Mg4Al2Si11O39 · 4H2O or near
Si Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Si KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Si Labuntsovite-FeNa4K4(Ba,K)2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
Si Labuntsovite-MgNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mg(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
Si Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Si Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Si Lemmleinite-BaNa2K2Ba(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2O
Si Lemmleinite-KK2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 4H2O
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Si Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Manaevite-(Ce)Ca11(Ce,H2O,Ca)8Mg(Al,Fe)4(Mg,Ti,Fe3+)8[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)8(H4O4)2](OH)9
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MiseriteK1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2O
Si MogoviditeNa9(Ca,Na)12Fe2Zr3Si25O72(CO3) (OH)4
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si PenkvilksiteNa4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2F
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Shcherbakovite(K,Ba)KNa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)O2
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si TacharaniteCa12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Si WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P BakhchisaraitseviteNa2Mg5(PO4)4 · 7H2O
P Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P BonshtedtiteNa3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)
P BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
P Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
P CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
P CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P GirvasiteNaCa2Mg3(PO4)3(CO3)(H2O)6
P GladiusiteFe2(Fe,Mg)4(PO4)(OH)11(H2O)
P GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P JuonniiteCaMgSc(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
P KampeliteBa6Mg3Sc8(PO4)12(OH)6·7H2O
P KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2O
P KovdorskiteMg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2O
P KrasnoviteBa(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
P MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P NastrophiteNa(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2O
P PakhomovskyiteCo3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2F
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
P Rimkorolgite(Mg,Mn)5(Ba,Sr,Ca)(PO4)4 · 8H2O
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
P UM1991-10-PO:BaCaHMgSr~(Ca,Mg,Ba)Sr2P2O7(OH)2•1.7H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S CelestineSrSO4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
S CovelliteCuS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
ClChlorine
Cl Aqualite(H3O)8(Na,K,Sr)5Ca6Zr3Si26O66(OH)9Cl
Cl DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Cl EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Cl FeklicheviteNa11Ca9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3Nb[Si25O73](OH,H2O,Cl,O)5
Cl NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Aqualite(H3O)8(Na,K,Sr)5Ca6Zr3Si26O66(OH)9Cl
K Lamprophyllite (var: Barium-Lamprophyllite)(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na,Ba,K)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
K DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
K Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Labuntsovite-FeNa4K4(Ba,K)2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
K Labuntsovite-MgNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mg(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
K Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
K Lemmleinite-BaNa2K2Ba(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2O
K Lemmleinite-KK2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 4H2O
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MiseriteK1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PrideriteK(Ti74+Fe3+)O16
K Shcherbakovite(K,Ba)KNa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)O2
K TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
K VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
K WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Aqualite(H3O)8(Na,K,Sr)5Ca6Zr3Si26O66(OH)9Cl
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ca CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Ca CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Ca DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
Ca Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Perovskite (var: Dysanalyte)CaTiO3
Ca Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ca FeklicheviteNa11Ca9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3Nb[Si25O73](OH,H2O,Cl,O)5
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GirvasiteNaCa2Mg3(PO4)3(CO3)(H2O)6
Ca GolysheviteNa10Ca3Ca6Zr3Fe2SiNb(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2CO3(OH)3 · H2O
Ca Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca JuaniteCa10Mg4Al2Si11O39 · 4H2O or near
Ca JuonniiteCaMgSc(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
Ca Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ca Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Ca Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Manaevite-(Ce)Ca11(Ce,H2O,Ca)8Mg(Al,Fe)4(Mg,Ti,Fe3+)8[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)8(H4O4)2](OH)9
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Ca MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca MiseriteK1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2O
Ca MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca MogoviditeNa9(Ca,Na)12Fe2Zr3Si25O72(CO3) (OH)4
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
Ca OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Ca OxycalciopyrochloreCa2Nb2O6O
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca PortlanditeCa(OH)2
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Rimkorolgite(Mg,Mn)5(Ba,Sr,Ca)(PO4)4 · 8H2O
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
Ca Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Ca TacharaniteCa12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36
Ca Ternovite(Mg,Ca)Nb4O11 · nH2O
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca UM1991-10-PO:BaCaHMgSr~(Ca,Mg,Ba)Sr2P2O7(OH)2•1.7H2O
Ca Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca Vigezzite(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
ScScandium
Sc JuonniiteCaMgSc(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
Sc KampeliteBa6Mg3Sc8(PO4)12(OH)6·7H2O
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Lamprophyllite (var: Barium-Lamprophyllite)(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na,Ba,K)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Ti BatisiteBaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
Ti CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2O
Ti CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Ti Perovskite (var: Dysanalyte)CaTiO3
Ti FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Ti GeikieliteMgTiO3
Ti HenrymeyeriteBa(Ti74+Fe2+)O16
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Labuntsovite-FeNa4K4(Ba,K)2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
Ti Labuntsovite-MgNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mg(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
Ti Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Ti Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Ti Lemmleinite-BaNa2K2Ba(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2O
Ti Lemmleinite-KK2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 4H2O
Ti Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Ti LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Ti Manaevite-(Ce)Ca11(Ce,H2O,Ca)8Mg(Al,Fe)4(Mg,Ti,Fe3+)8[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)8(H4O4)2](OH)9
Ti NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
Ti PenkvilksiteNa4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2O
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2F
Ti Ilmenite (var: Picroilmenite)(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Ti PrideriteK(Ti74+Fe3+)O16
Ti PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Ti Shcherbakovite(K,Ba)KNa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)O2
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
Ti Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ti Vigezzite(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
CrChromium
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Lamprophyllite (var: Barium-Lamprophyllite)(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na,Ba,K)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Mn EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Mn Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Mn Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Rimkorolgite(Mg,Mn)5(Ba,Sr,Ca)(PO4)4 · 8H2O
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe Lamprophyllite (var: Barium-Lamprophyllite)(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na,Ba,K)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Fe BonshtedtiteNa3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
Fe Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Fe EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fe FeklicheviteNa11Ca9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3Nb[Si25O73](OH,H2O,Cl,O)5
Fe FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Fe GladiusiteFe2(Fe,Mg)4(PO4)(OH)11(H2O)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe GolysheviteNa10Ca3Ca6Zr3Fe2SiNb(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2CO3(OH)3 · H2O
Fe Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HenrymeyeriteBa(Ti74+Fe2+)O16
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe JuaniteCa10Mg4Al2Si11O39 · 4H2O or near
Fe KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2O
Fe Labuntsovite-FeNa4K4(Ba,K)2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
Fe Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Manaevite-(Ce)Ca11(Ce,H2O,Ca)8Mg(Al,Fe)4(Mg,Ti,Fe3+)8[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)8(H4O4)2](OH)9
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Fe MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe MogoviditeNa9(Ca,Na)12Fe2Zr3Si25O72(CO3) (OH)4
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Ilmenite (var: Picroilmenite)(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe PrideriteK(Ti74+Fe3+)O16
Fe PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Pyroaurite-2HMg6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
CoCobalt
Co Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Co PakhomovskyiteCo3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
NiNickel
Ni ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ni DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SrStrontium
Sr Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Sr Aqualite(H3O)8(Na,K,Sr)5Ca6Zr3Si26O66(OH)9Cl
Sr Lamprophyllite (var: Barium-Lamprophyllite)(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na,Ba,K)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Sr Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Sr KarchevskyiteMg18Al9(OH)54Sr2(CO3)9(H2O)6 (H3O)5
Sr Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Sr Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Sr Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Sr NastrophiteNa(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2O
Sr OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Sr Rimkorolgite(Mg,Mn)5(Ba,Sr,Ca)(PO4)4 · 8H2O
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Sr UM1991-10-PO:BaCaHMgSr~(Ca,Mg,Ba)Sr2P2O7(OH)2•1.7H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr Aqualite(H3O)8(Na,K,Sr)5Ca6Zr3Si26O66(OH)9Cl
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Zr CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Zr ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Zr EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Zr FeklicheviteNa11Ca9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3Nb[Si25O73](OH,H2O,Cl,O)5
Zr GolysheviteNa10Ca3Ca6Zr3Fe2SiNb(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2CO3(OH)3 · H2O
Zr MogoviditeNa9(Ca,Na)12Fe2Zr3Si25O72(CO3) (OH)4
Zr WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Zr Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
NbNiobium
Nb FeklicheviteNa11Ca9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3Nb[Si25O73](OH,H2O,Cl,O)5
Nb GolysheviteNa10Ca3Ca6Zr3Fe2SiNb(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2CO3(OH)3 · H2O
Nb Hydroxynatropyrochlore(Na,Сa,Ce)2Nb2O6(OH)
Nb Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Nb Lemmleinite-KK2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 4H2O
Nb Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Nb LueshiteNaNbO3
Nb OxycalciopyrochloreCa2Nb2O6O
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Ternovite(Mg,Ca)Nb4O11 · nH2O
Nb Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Nb Vigezzite(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
PdPalladium
Pd Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
AgSilver
Ag ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
SnTin
Sn StistaiteSnSb
Sn TinSn
SbAntimony
Sb StistaiteSnSb
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
BaBarium
Ba Lamprophyllite (var: Barium-Lamprophyllite)(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na,Ba,K)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba BatisiteBaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
Ba Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ba CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Ba EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Ba GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ba Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Ba HenrymeyeriteBa(Ti74+Fe2+)O16
Ba KampeliteBa6Mg3Sc8(PO4)12(OH)6·7H2O
Ba Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Ba KrasnoviteBa(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Ba Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Ba Lemmleinite-BaNa2K2Ba(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2O
Ba NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
Ba NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
Ba OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Ba PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2F
Ba Rimkorolgite(Mg,Mn)5(Ba,Sr,Ca)(PO4)4 · 8H2O
Ba UM1991-10-PO:BaCaHMgSr~(Ca,Mg,Ba)Sr2P2O7(OH)2•1.7H2O
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ce Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ce Hydroxynatropyrochlore(Na,Сa,Ce)2Nb2O6(OH)
Ce Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Ce Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Ce Manaevite-(Ce)Ca11(Ce,H2O,Ca)8Mg(Al,Fe)4(Mg,Ti,Fe3+)8[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)8(H4O4)2](OH)9
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
Ce Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ce Vigezzite(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ta Vigezzite(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PtPlatinum
Pt Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
AuGold
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
ThThorium
Th Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Th Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Late Devonian : 382 ± 3 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Devonian
   Late Devonian
ⓘ Biotite382 ± 3 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Wilke, H.-J., Britvin, S.N., and Widemann, N. (1993) Kovdor: Seltene Phosphate von der russischen Kola-Halbinsel. Lapis, 18(10), 15–24 (in German).
Williams, C.T. (1996) The occurrence of niobian zirconolite, pyrochlore and baddeleyite in the Kovdor carbonatite complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(401), 639-646.
Bayanova, T.B., Kirnarsky, Yu.M., and Levkovich, N.V. (1997) U-Pb isotope dating of baddeleyite from rocks of the Kovdor massif. Doklady Rossiiskoi Akademii Nauk, 356, 509-511 (in Russian).
Liferovich, R.P., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., and Lyalina, M.F. (1998) A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor Massif, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36(4), 971–980.
Mitchell, R.H., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Burns, P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2000) Henrymeyerite, a new hollandite-type Ba-Fe Titanate from the Kovdor Complex, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 38, 617-626.
Zaitsev, A.N., Williams, C.T., Jeffries, T.E., Strekopytov, S., Moutte, J., Ivashchenkova, O.V., Spratt, J., Petrov, S.V., Wall, F., Seltmann, R., and Borozdin, A.P. (2014) Rare earth elements in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Devonian Kola Alkaline Province, Russia: examples from Kovdor, Khibina, Vuoriyarvi and Turiy Mys complexes. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 204-225.
Mikhailova, J.A., Kalashnikov, A.O., Sokharev, V.A., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Bazai, A.V., Goryainov, P.M., and Ivanyuk, G.Y. (2016) 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.

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