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Plaka Sulfate Locality ("Hydrosulfatstollen"), Plaka Mines, Plaka, Lavrion District Mines, Lavreotiki, East Attica, Attica, Greecei
Regional Level Types
Plaka Sulfate Locality ("Hydrosulfatstollen")Diggings (Abandoned)
Plaka MinesGroup of Mines
Plaka- not defined -
Lavrion District MinesGroup of Mines
LavreotikiMunicipality
East AtticaRegional Unit
AtticaAdministrative Region
GreeceCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):"Ορυχείο Ένυδρων Θειικών", Πλάκα, Λάυριο, Αττική, Ελ
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 45' 39'' North , 24° 1' 48'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.76085,24.03027
GeoHash:G#: sw9nff4kc
Locality type:Diggings (Abandoned) - last checked 2018
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate


This small working is most probably the remains of some ancient mining effort that proved unsuccessful.
It extends about 15 meters into the host rock and is noted for the many efflorescent sulfate minerals occurring at this site. As opposed to most mines in the greater Lavrion area it has not been given a number, so the name “Sulfate locality” was chosen, as this best describes the working.

Nearly all copiapite-group specimens from this locality are magnesiocopiapite. Only a few specimens containing abundant melanterite have been identified as ferricopiapite, while aluminocopiapite and zincocopiapite are extremely rare (and tiny). Copiapite (the mineral, not the group) has been identified on a handful of specimens that contain voltaite.

Other outcrops with efflorescent sulphates can be seen in the surrounding area.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


50 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2).
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2); Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: No reference listed
Aplowite
Formula: (Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2).
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2).
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: No reference listed
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Description: Schnorrer & Breitenbach (1996) describe copiapite but give the formula of magnesiocopiapite. Copiapite (the mineral, not the group) has been identified on a handful of specimens that contain Voltaite.
Reference: Schnorrer, G. and Breitenbach, H. (1996) Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21(1), 45-48; 62. [describe copiapite but give the formula of magnesiocopiapite.]
'Copiapite Group'
Reference: Vik Vanrusselt collection
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: No reference listed
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Reference: locality description
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Goldichite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2).
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2); Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Hohmannite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2001): Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis 26 (11), 43.
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Kornelite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Reference: Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Krausite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Dr. A. Godelitsas collection and analysis; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Kröhnkite
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: No reference listed
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: No reference listed
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2001): Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis 26 (11), 43.; Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: No reference listed
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2).
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Millosevichite
Formula: (Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Psilomelane'
Reference: No reference listed
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: No reference listed
Quenstedtite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Ransomite
Formula: CuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Siderotil
Formula: FeSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Slavíkite
Formula: (H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2001): Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis 26 (11), 43.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2).
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2); Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Uklonskovite
Formula: NaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
Reference: Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2); Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Zincocopiapite
Formula: ZnFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
Reference: No reference listed

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Brucite'4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Aluminocopiapite'7.DB.35Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Alunogen'7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
'Aplowite'7.CB.15(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
'Chalcanthite'7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
'Copiapite'7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Coquimbite'7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
'Epsomite'7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
'Ferricopiapite'7.DB.35Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
'Fibroferrite'7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
'Goldichite'7.CC.40KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
'Goslarite'7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Halotrichite'7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Hexahydrite'7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
'Hohmannite'7.DB.30Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
'Kieserite'7.CB.05MgSO4 · H2O
'Kornelite'7.CB.60Fe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
'Krausite'7.CC.05KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
'Kröhnkite'7.CC.30Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
'Magnesiocopiapite'7.DB.35MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Melanterite'7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
'Metavoltine'7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
'Millosevichite'7.AB.05(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
'Paracoquimbite'7.CB.55Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
'Pickeringite'7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Polyhalite'7.CC.65K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
'Quenstedtite'7.CB.65Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
'Ransomite'7.CB.80CuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
'Rozenite'7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
'Römerite'7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Siderotil7.CB.20FeSO4 · 5H2O
Slavíkite7.DF.30(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Uklonskovite7.DF.05NaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
Voltaite7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Zincocopiapite7.DB.35ZnFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Conichalcite'8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Lizardite'9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Copiapite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Miscellaneous
Millosevichite28.4.5.1(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Kröhnkite29.3.2.1Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Metavoltine29.4.6.1Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Polyhalite29.4.5.1K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Goldichite29.5.2.1KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Krausite29.5.1.1KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Aplowite29.6.6.4(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Kieserite29.6.2.1MgSO4 · H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Siderotil29.6.7.2FeSO4 · 5H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Ransomite29.7.1.1CuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
Römerite29.7.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Kornelite29.8.2.1Fe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Paracoquimbite29.8.4.1Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Quenstedtite29.8.5.1Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Miscellaneous
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Uklonskovite31.7.2.1NaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Hohmannite31.9.4.1Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Slavíkite31.9.13.1(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Miscellaneous
Aluminocopiapite31.10.5.7Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Ferricopiapite31.10.5.4Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Magnesiocopiapite31.10.5.2MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Zincocopiapite31.10.5.6ZnFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Copiapite Group'-
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H HohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 8H2O
H KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
H KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
H KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
H KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
H ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
H QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
H RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
H RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
H Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H ZincocopiapiteZnFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O HohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 8H2O
O KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
O KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
O KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
O KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
O Millosevichite(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
O ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
O RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
O RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
O Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O ZincocopiapiteZnFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
FFluorine
F UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
NaSodium
Na KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Mg Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Mg UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
AlAluminium
Al AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Millosevichite(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
SiSilicon
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S HohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 8H2O
S KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
S KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
S KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
S KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
S Millosevichite(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
S ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
S RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
S RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
S RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
S Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
S SulphurS8
S TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S ZincocopiapiteZnFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
KPotassium
K GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
K KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
K MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
K PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe HohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 8H2O
Fe KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Fe KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Fe Millosevichite(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Fe ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Fe RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
Fe RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Fe RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
Fe Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Fe ZincocopiapiteZnFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
CoCobalt
Co Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Cu RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
ZnZinc
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn ZincocopiapiteZnFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
AsArsenic
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3186246
Mesozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Permian
251.902 - 298.9 Ma



ID: 3146196
Permian marble

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 298.9 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Marble

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Stamatakis, M.G. and Kyriakopoulos, K.G. (1989) Aluminum-rich sulfate minerals in Greece. Mode of occurrence and geochemical environment of their formation. Oryktos Ploutos, 61, 51-56 (in Greek) [data on Plaka mine and other Greek localities].
Hanke, H. (1994) Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994(2).
Schnorrer, G. and Breitenbach, H. (1996) Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21(1), 45-48; 62.
Möckel, S. (2001) Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 26(11), 43.


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