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Agios Nikolaos Cove slag locality, Agios Nikolaos [St Nicholas] area, Lavrion District slag localities, Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium; Lavreotiki Municipality), Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika), Greece

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 44' 25'' North , 24° 3' 54'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.74039,24.06501
GeoHash:G#: sw9new7te
Locality type:Slag Locality
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Άγιος Νικόλαος, Λαύριο, Αττική, Ελλάδα


No description has been added for this locality. Can you add one?

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


31 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection (SXRD-analysed by Uwe Kolitsch)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: ko Jansen.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: No reference listed
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: No reference listed
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection (U. Kolitsch SXRD analysis)
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection (SXRD-analysed by Uwe Kolitsch)
Fiedlerite
Formula: Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection (U. Kolitsch SXRD analysis)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: No reference listed
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: No reference listed
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (PXRD-analysed)
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection (SXRD-analysed by Uwe Kolitsch)
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: No reference listed
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (EDS analysis)
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: No reference listed
Paralaurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Reference: No reference listed
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection (SXRD-analysed by Uwe Kolitsch)
'Slag'
Reference: Automatically generated from locality name
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Tooeleite
Formula: Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
'Lead'1.AA.05Pb
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
Group 3 - Halides
'Clinoatacamite'3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
'Connellite'3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
'Cumengeite'3.DB.20Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
'Diaboleite'3.DB.05Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
'Fiedlerite'3.DC.10Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
'Halite'3.AA.20NaCl
'Laurionite'3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
'Paralaurionite'3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
'Pseudoboleite'3.DB.10Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Minium'4.BD.05Pb3O4
Tooeleite4.JD.15Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Hydrocerussite'5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Phosgenite'5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Susannite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Plumbojarosite'7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Beudantite'8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Hidalgoite'8.BL.05PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Hörnesite'8.CE.40Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Mimetite'8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Slag-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Laurionite10.2.2.1PbCl(OH)
Paralaurionite10.2.3.1PbCl(OH)
A3(O,OH)2Xq
Fiedlerite10.3.2.1Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Cumengeite10.6.7.1Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Diaboleite10.6.1.1Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pseudoboleite10.6.8.1Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Susannite17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Hörnesite40.3.6.7Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Tooeleite42.12.5.1Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hidalgoite43.4.1.3PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Clinoatacamite-Cu2(OH)3Cl
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Slag'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
H DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
H FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H LaurionitePbCl(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H TooeleiteFe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
O FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O LaurionitePbCl(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MiniumPb3O4
O ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O TooeleiteFe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
FFluorine
F FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
MgMagnesium
Mg HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S TooeleiteFe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cl DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cl FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Cl PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe TooeleiteFe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
CuCopper
Cu ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
AsArsenic
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As TooeleiteFe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Pb DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pb FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb LeadPb
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Pb SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3186246
Mesozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Permian
251.902 - 298.9 Ma



ID: 3131052
Permian schist

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 298.9 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Schist group

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Gelaude, P., van Kalmthout, P. and Rewitzer, C. (1996): Laurion – the minerals in the ancient slags. Authors publishing, The Netherlands, 195 pp.
van Kalmthout, P. (2012): De slakkenmineralen van Lavrion (Gr.) - Ontwikkelingen na 1996, inclusief een archeologische ontdekking. GEA, 45 (1), 14-19 (in Dutch).
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).


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