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Lavrion Port slag locality, Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium), Lavrion District slag localities, Lavreotiki, East Attica, Attica, Greecei
Regional Level Types
Lavrion Port slag localitySlag Locality
Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)- not defined -
Lavrion District slag localities- not defined -
LavreotikiMunicipality
East AtticaRegional Unit
AtticaAdministrative Region
GreeceCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Λιμάνι Λαυρίου, Λαύριο, Αττική, Ελλάδα
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 42' 41'' North , 24° 3' 28'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.71159,24.05794
GeoHash:G#: sw9ne3nmy
Locality type:Slag Locality
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Lávrio7,078 (2017)0.3km
Áno Thorikón215 (2014)1.8km
Ergatikés Katoikíes Attikís823 (2014)2.0km
Agios Gerásimos281 (2014)2.4km
Thorikón227 (2014)2.7km


Mineralogy is similar to that of Thorikos (van Kalmthout, 2012).

IMPORTANT NOTE: This is NOT the Type Locality for either laurionite or paralaurionite. While Dana's New Mineralogy, 8th ed., states "Laurium" as the type locality for both, this apparently refers to the District in general, not the slag locality at Lavrion Port. The editors of these pages were not able to ascertain which of the slag localities the original materials came from.

Regions containing this locality

Aegean Sea PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


20 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (SXRD analysis)
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: No reference listed
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: No reference listed
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: No reference listed
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: No reference listed
Ludlockite
Formula: PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Reference: Steve Rust collection
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: No reference listed
Nealite
Formula: Pb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Paralaurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
'Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)'
Formula: NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)'
Formula: Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)'
Formula: Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German). [Collectin Stephan Wolfsried, PXRD- and EDS-analysed by Uwe Kolitsch]]
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Laurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Paralaurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Ludlockite4.JA.45PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Nealite4.JD.05Pb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Susannite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)'-NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)'-Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
'Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)'-Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Laurionite10.2.2.1PbCl(OH)
Paralaurionite10.2.3.1PbCl(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Susannite17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Ludlockite45.1.14.1PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Group 46 - ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO3)pZq
Nealite46.1.6.1Pb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)'-NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)'-Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
'Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)'-Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H LaurionitePbCl(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
H SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
H Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
H Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
OOxygen
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O LaurionitePbCl(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MiniumPb3O4
O ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
O NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
O Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
O Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
O LudlockitePbFe43+As103+O22
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Cl Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
Cl NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Cl Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Fe Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
Fe LudlockitePbFe43+As103+O22
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
AsArsenic
As Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
As NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
As Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
As LudlockitePbFe43+As103+O22
SbAntimony
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb LeadPb
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
Pb NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Pb Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
Pb Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
Pb LudlockitePbFe43+As103+O22

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3186246
Mesozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Permian
251.902 - 298.9 Ma



ID: 3131052
Permian schist

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 298.9 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Schist group

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Gelaude, P., van Kalmthout, P. and Rewitzer, C. (1996) Laurion – the minerals in the ancient slags. Authors publishing, The Netherlands, 195 pp.
van Kalmthout, P. (2012) De slakkenmineralen van Lavrion (Gr.) - Ontwikkelingen na 1996, inclusief een archeologische ontdekking. GEA, 45 (1), 14-19 (in Dutch).
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K.H., Blaß, G., and Gröbner, J. (2014) Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).


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