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Cuasso al Monte, Varese Province, Lombardy, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Cuasso al MonteCommune
Varese ProvinceProvince
LombardyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Cuasso al Piano1,727 (2014)
Cavagnano562 (2014)
Cuasso al Monte524 (2014)
Borgnana320 (2014)
Other Languages:
French:
Cuasso al Monte, Varèse, Lombardie, Italie
German:
Cuasso al Monte, Provinz Varese, Lombardei, Italien
Italian:
Cuasso al Monte, Varese, Lombardia, Italia
Russian:
Куассо-аль-Монте, Варезе, Ломбардия, Италия
Simplified Chinese:
夸索阿尔蒙泰, 瓦雷澤, 伦巴第, 意大利
Spanish:
Cuasso al Monte, provincia de Varese, Lombardía, Italia
Arabic:
كواسو آل مونتي, مقاطعة فاريزي, لومبارديا, إيطاليا
Armenian:
Կուասո ալ Մոնտե, Վարեզե, Լոմբարդիա, Իտալիա
Basque:
Cuasso al Monte, Vareseko probintzia, Lombardia, Italia
Bulgarian:
Куасо ал Монте, Варезе, Ломбардия, Италия
Catalan:
Cuasso al Monte, província de Varese, Llombardia, Itàlia
Cebuano:
Cuasso al Monte, Provincia di Varese, Lombardia, Italya
Dutch:
Cuasso al Monte, Varese , Lombardije, Italië
Esperanto:
Cuasso al Monte, Provinco Varese, Lombardio, Italio
Farsi/Persian:
کواسو ال مونته, استان ورزه, لمباردی, ایتالیا
Hungarian:
Cuasso al Monte, Varese megye, Lombardia, Olaszország
Indonesian:
Cuasso al Monte, Provinsi Varese, Lombardia, Italia
Japanese:
クアッソ・アル・モンテ, ヴァレーゼ県, ロンバルディア州, イタリア
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Куассо-аль-Монте, Ломбардия, Италия
Latin:
Cuvasium, Provincia Baretiensis, Langobardia (Longobardia), Italia
Lombard:
Coass, Pruvincia de Vares, Lumbardia (Lombardéa), Italia
Malay:
Cuasso al Monte, Wilayah Varese, Lombardy, Itali
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Cuasso al Monte, Varese Séng, Lombardia, Italia
Neapolitan:
Cuasso al Monte, Pruvincia 'e Varese, Lummardìa, Italia
Occitan:
Cuasso al Monte, Província de Varese, Lombardia, Itàlia
Piedmontese:
Cuasso al Monte, Provincia ëd Varèis, Lombardìa, Italia
Polish:
Cuasso al Monte, prowincja Varese, Lombardia, Włochy
Portuguese:
Cuasso al Monte, Varese , Lombardia, Itália
Romanian:
Cuasso al Monte, Provincia Varese, Lombardia, Italia
Scots:
Cuasso al Monte, Province o Varese, Lombardy, Italy
Serbian:
Квасо ал Монте, Варезе , Ломбардија, Италија
Serbo-Croatian:
Cuasso al Monte, Varese , Lombardija, Italija
Sicilian:
Cuasso al Monte, Pruvincia di Varesi, Lummardìa, Italia
South Azerbaijani:
کواسو ال مونته, لومباردیا, ایتالیا
Tagalog:
Cuasso al Monte, Varese, Lombardy, Italya
Tarantino:
Cuasso al Monte, Provinge de Varese, Lombardie, Itaglie
Ukrainian:
Куассо-аль-Монте, Варезе , Ломбардія, Італія
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Cuasso al Monte, Varese, Italiya
Vietnamese:
Cuasso al Monte, Varese, Lombardia, Ý
Volapük:
Cuasso al Monte, Litaliyän
Waray:
Cuasso al Monte, Varese, Lombardiya, Italya


Cuasso al Monte is a municipality in the Province of Varese, whose territory lies at the foot of Monte Piambello, a 1125 m high mountain that dominates the landscape in the area between Lake Ghirla (Valganna) and Lake Lugano.

At Cuasso al Monte a granophyric granite, commercially known as “Red porphyry" ("Porfido rosso"), is quarried. This granophyre contains NYF-pegmatites, famous for rare micromount minerals (REE mineral species and others).
Red-coloured granophyre was quarried and locally used as a building material as early as 1880. Later, granophyre was more extensively quarried for the production of paving stones, worked by artisans which used hand tools like chisels and hammers. At the beginning of the 20th century, the main quarries were located at Cuasso al Monte in front of Via Roma (Cava Grande, Cava Maccalé, and Cava della Motta) and, to the S of Cavagnano, in Val Cavallizza. Around 1910 an aerial railway connecting Cava Grande to Porto Ceresio was built. During World War I, various quarries were opened in proximity of military roads, trenches and fortifications of the Cadorna Line, among which is worth remembering Cava Castello (presently Cava Bonomi) and the so-called “Cava del Prete”. In 1924 the company Puricelli, specialised in quarrying and public works, took over most of the small quarries and developed also the production of crushed stone. In the same period, Sioli (another Milanese public works company) developed the quarry later known as Cava Bianchi (presently Cava Gebel). During the 1950s, the aerial railway was dismantled and substituted by roads for the carriage of quarried material. Since the 1960s, despite the increased demand for quarry material, the increased mechanisation and the shortage of labour caused a progressive reduction in the number of quarries. For several decades only two quarries remain in active operation: Cava Bonomi and Cava Bianchi (nowadays known as Cava Gebel).

At Cuasso al Monte, a Permian caldera structure was identified by Bakos et al. (1990). In this caldera, a thick sequence of volcanic rocks was intruded by a leucogranitic pluton (275 ± 8 Ma) mainly composed of aplitic microgranite and miarolitic granite having a granophyric texture. Aplitic-pegmatitic pods and veins, locally related to large miarolitic cavities, are widespread. Circulation of abundant late hydrothermal fluids was responsible for the crystallisation of many different minerals in the cavities, local alteration of feldspars, and chloritisation of biotite in granite.

The paragenetic sequence at decreasing temperatures from pneumatolytic to HT-MT and LT hydrothermal conditions, observed in the cavities of the Cuasso al Monte granophyric granite, mainly includes: quartz, feldspars, siderophyllite, "zinnwaldite" and muscovite, zircon, Y-REE silicates [allanites and kainosite(Y)], gadolinite group, Y-REE phosphates [monazite-(Ce) and xenotime-(Y)], topaz, sulfides [arsenopyrite, chalcopyrite, galena, marcasite, molybdenite, pyrite, sphalerite, and stibnite], fluorite, aeschynite group, tourmaline, Fe, Ti, Cu oxides [anatase, brookite, cuprite, and hematite], löllingite, apatite group, scandium silicates [bazzite and thortveitite], beryllium silicates [bertrandite and phenakite], titanite, Y-REE carbonates [bastnäsite and synchysite groups], clinochlore and epidote, carbonates and sulfates [ankerite, calcite, cerussite, dolomite, malachite, siderite, and baryte], silver, arsenates and molybdates [adamite, agardite-(Y), pharmacosiderite, powellite, and wulfenite], opal, hemimorphite and pyrophyllite, todorokite and other Mn oxides.

Miarolitic cavities (typically smaller than 1 cm) are abundant throughout the entire outcrop of the granophyric granite. Larger cavities (up to 1 or 2 m) have a characteristic vertically elongated shape and are commonly rooted in an aplitic-pegmatitic pod or vein. Microtextural and structural observations indicate that most of these larger cavities were interconnected during their crystallization. In many cases carbonates, sulfates, and/or fluorite have filled the cavities completely during the latest stages of fluid circulation. Circulation of hydrothermal fluids under open-system conditions is indicated by the presence of crosscutting barite-fluorite-quartz-sulfides-arsenates veins.

K feldspar (orthoclase) is the main rock-forming mineral of granophyric granite as well as the main crystallised mineral in miarolitic cavities, where it apperas as dark pink to brick-red, well-formed, short- to long-prismatic crystals; Manebach twin crystals are less common than the Baveno ones. Colourless to milky tabular albite crystals are sometimes overgrown on the side pinacoid (010).

At Cuasso al Monte, gadolinite subgroup minerals are zoned. In absence of a specific analysis on polished section of each crystal, on the basis of the available data published by Pezzotta et al. (1999) and Demartin et al. (2001), the following considerations may be helpful in leading to a verisimilar classification:
- subhedral crystals in primitive cavities can be considered gadolinite-(Y). They are hosted in feldspar and often associated with siderophyllite. These crystals are grey-brown in colour and zoned internally, with a darker core. The core consists of a REE-rich gadolinite-(Y) (with ΣREE>Y), the rim of gadolinite-(Y);
- euhedral crystals in highly evolved miarolitic cavities can be considered hingganite-(Y)-gadolinite-(Y). In the cavities, the presence of associated minerals as fluorite, clinochlore, and Y-REE carbonates indicates a well-developed, low-temperature hydrothermal event. These crystal are strongly zoned, with a darker core and a translucent white rim. The core, consisting of a REE-rich gadolinite-(Y) (with ΣREE>Y), is overgrown by gadolinite-(Y) with a high hingganite content and later hingganite-(Y). The visible surfaces of these crystals are therefore hingganite-(Y).
According to Demartin et al. (2001), all minerals tentatively classified in the past as "minasgeraesite" or "herderite" are invariably hingganite-(Y).

Scandium minerals are seldom found in miarolitic cavities. Bazzite appears as greyish-blue, hexagonal prismatic crystals. At the so-called “Tourmaline quarry”, one of the Val Cavallizza quarries, some hollow crystals of bazzite have been observed and sometimes the walls of their internal cavity are lined with tiny bertrandite crystals. The Cuasso al Monte bazzite is Mg-poor and contains a significant amount of cesium (up to 1.3 wt% Cs2O). Thortveitite occurs in association with "zinnwaldite" and a number of other accessory phases, including fluorite and hingganite-(Y). Crystals of thortveitite, white to pale blue in colour, are normally covered by a thick overgrowth of a spongy white cryptocrystalline aggregate composed of a mixture of minerals, mainly consisting of Sc, Zr, Y and HREE silicates. According to Gramaccioli et al. (2000), the thortveitite crystals are concentrically zoned: the concentration of Sc decreases from the core to the rim; on the contrary, the HREE concentration, as that of Y, strongly increases from the core to the rim.

In the granophyre miarolitic cavities synchysite group minerals (Ce- and Y-dominant synchysite and bastnäsite) often appear as paper-thin, bended, platy crystals aggregated into rose-like groups. Bastnäsite–(Ce) appears as pale flesh-coloured to red-brown, thick tabular, short- to long-prismatic crystals up to 1 mm.

Greyish-green pneumatolytic vein (greisens) also occur in the Cuasso al Monte granophyre. They are mainly composed of topaz, arsenopyrite, löllingite, cassiterite, sphalerite, chamosite, and various arsenates.




Warning: In very recent times some oustanding crystals of amethyst, a classic and highly sought mineral from the former Bianchi quarry (presently Gebel), attributed to an obscure find in the area of Cuasso al Monte, appeared on the market. Although these crystals, whose origin is Brandberg (Namibia), are very similar in morphology and habit to the authentic ones, some features (constant absence of dull faces, high abundance of double-terminated crystals, absence among the associated minerals of pink orthoclase, fluorite, dolomite and siderite, etc.) allow to distinguish them from those of Cuasso al Monte (Guastoni & Gentile, 2016).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

101 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
'Aeschynite Group'
Formula: AD2O6
Description: Arborescent aeschynite microcrystals on anatase, identified through TEM-EDS, shows an unusual chemical composition (Fe0.35Ca0.22Th0.15U0.13Y0.10Pb0.11)∑1.06(Nb1.05Ti0.69Al0.14As0.06)∑1.94O6, which can not be reconciled with any known species of aeschynite group (Capitani et al., 2018).
Reference: Capitani, G., Mugnaioli, E., and Gentile, P. (2018) Submicrometer yttrian zircon coating and arborescent aeschynite microcrystals on truncated bipyramidal anatase: An electron microscopy study of miarolitic cavities in the Cuasso al Monte granophyre (Varese, Italy). American Mineralogist, 103, 3, 480-488.
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Demartin F., 2004. Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 194-202. ; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
'Agardite'
Reference: Biffi, P., Sbacchi, M., Sinelli, E. (2004): Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4 (4-2004), 232-239.
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Guastoni, A., Gentile, P., Nestola, F., Zorzi, F. (2017): Agardite-(Y), agardite-(Ce) e agardite-(Nd) di Cuasso al Monte, Varese. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 4 (4-2017), 228-232.
Agardite-(Nd)
Formula: NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Guastoni, A., Gentile, P., Nestola, F., Zorzi, F. (2017): Agardite-(Y), agardite-(Ce) e agardite-(Nd) di Cuasso al Monte, Varese. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 4 (4-2017), 228-232.
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.
Albite var. Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Van King
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: http://imgdb.amiminerals.it/picture.php?/1218/category/112
Allanite-(Y)
Formula: {CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Vignola, P., Gentile, P. & Risplendente, A. (2015) ALmandino. Cava ex-Gebel, Cuasso al Monte (VA). In "Mineralogia sistematica. Notizie dai laboratori di analisi". Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 39(1), 58-61.; Vignola, P., Gentile, P. & Risplendente, A. (2015) ALmandino. Cava ex-Gebel, Cuasso al Monte (VA). In "Mineralogia sistematica. Notizie dai laboratori di analisi". Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 39(1), 58-61.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Turconi B. (1985): Monazite di Cuasso al Monte (VA). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 8, 4 (4-1985), 149.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.; Capitani, G., Mugnaioli, E., and Gentile, P. (2018) Submicrometer yttrian zircon coating and arborescent aeschynite microcrystals on truncated bipyramidal anatase: An electron microscopy study of miarolitic cavities in the Cuasso al Monte granophyre (Varese, Italy). American Mineralogist, 103, 3, 480-488.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Demartin F., 2004. Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 194-202.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Biffi P., Sbacchi M., Sinelli E., 2004. Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 232-239
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Turconi B. (1985): Monazite di Cuasso al Monte (VA). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 8, 4 (4-1985), 149.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Domenico Preite
Bayldonite ?
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Description: According to Guastoni et al. (2017), all analyses recently performed on presumed bayldonite samples have shown that the green mineral is agardite-(Y). Hence, these authors have put in doubt the existence of bayldonite in the greisen facies of Cuasso al Monte granitic granophyre.
Reference: Biffi, P., Sbacchi, M., Sinelli, E. (2004) Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 28, 4 (4-2004), 232-239; Guastoni, A., Gentile, P., Nestola, F., Zorzi, F. (2017): Agardite-(Y), agardite-(Ce) e agardite-(Nd) di Cuasso al Monte, Varese. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 4 (4-2017), 228-232.
Bazzite
Formula: Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Colour: blue
Reference: Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Demartin F., 2004. Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 194-202. ; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789. Vignola, P., Rotiroti, N., Vanini, F. (2019): Betrandite e fenacite di Cuasso al Monte (Varese) - Breve nota. Micro, 17, 156-157.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: A.Silvani collection (analysed)
Brochantite ?
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Description: According to Guastoni et al. (2017), all analyses recently performed on presumed brochantite samples have shown that the green mineral is agardite-(Y). Hence, these authors have put in doubt the existence of brochantite in the greisen facies of Cuasso al Monte granitic granophyre.
Reference: Biffi, P., Sbacchi, M., Sinelli, E. (2004) Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 28, 4 (4-2004), 232-239; Guastoni, A., Gentile, P., Nestola, F., Zorzi, F. (2017): Agardite-(Y), agardite-(Ce) e agardite-(Nd) di Cuasso al Monte, Varese. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 4 (4-2017), 228-232.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Demartin F., 2004. Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 194-202. ; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Guastoni, A., Gentile, P., Nestola, F., Zorzi, F. (2017): Agardite-(Y), agardite-(Ce) e agardite-(Nd) di Cuasso al Monte, Varese. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 4 (4-2017), 228-232.
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: No reference listed
Cerianite-(Ce) ?
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Biffi P., Sbacchi M., Sinelli E., 2004. Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 232-239
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Guastoni, A., Pezzotta, F., Demartin, F. (2004): Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2004, 194-202
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Guastoni, A., Gentile, P., Nestola, F., Zorzi, F. (2017): Agardite-(Y), agardite-(Ce) e agardite-(Nd) di Cuasso al Monte, Varese. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 4 (4-2017), 228-232.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Grill, E., Fagnani, G. (1943): Itinerari mineralogici. Comune di Cuasso al Monte. Natura, 34, 2, 63-69; Boscardin, M., De Michele, V., Scaini, G. (1970): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Natura, 61,1, 5-120; (as a monograph) 1972, Ed. Museo Civ. St. Nat. e Soc. It. Sci. Nat., Milano, 124 pp.
Chukhrovite-(Ca) (TL)
Formula: Ca4.5Al2(SO4)F13 · 12H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Vignola, P., Hatert, F., Medenbach, O., Bersani, D., Diella, V., Gentile, P. and Risplendente, A. (2011) Chukhrovite-(Ca), IMA 2010-081. CNMNC Newsletter No. 8, April 2011, page 294; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 289-294; Vignola, P., Hatert, F., Medenbach, O., Bersani, D., Diella, V., Gentile, P., Risplendente, A. (2012): Chukhrovite-(Ca), Ca4.5Al2(SO4)F13·12H2O, a new mineral species from the Val Cavallizza Pb-Zn-(Ag) mine, Cuasso al Monte, Varese province, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 1069-1076.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Biffi P., Sbacchi M., Sinelli E., 2004. Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 232-239; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Analysed by Dr Giuseppetti, University of Pavia (comm. Enrico Bonacina)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: F. Brignoli collection 2010
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Guastoni, A., Ambrosio, F., Nestola, (2020): Duftite e Mottramite di Ex-Cava Puricelli, Cuasso al Monte (VA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 44, 1 (2-2020), 34-36.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Demartin F., 2004. Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 194-202.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Guastoni, A., Pezzotta, F., Vignola, P., & Gentile, P. (2008). Zeunerite e altre novità mineralogiche a Cuasso al Monte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2008, 174-177.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Enrico Bonacina
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Fluor-schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Reference: Vignola, P., Gentile, P., Risplendente, A. (2018): Sulla tormalina del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). MICRO 16 (1), 44-49.
Foitite
Formula: (◻,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Reference: Vignola, P., Gentile, P., Risplendente, A. (2018): Sulla tormalina del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). MICRO 16 (1), 44-49.
'Gadolinite Subgroup'
Formula: A3+2MBe2+2Si4+2O8ψ2
Reference: De Michele, V., and Fagnani, G. (1970) Comune di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Cave di porfido quarzifero. In: Boscardin, M., De Michele, V., and Scaini, G., 1970, Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Edizioni Museo Civico di Storia Naturale e Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali, Milano, pages 96-101; Demartin, F., Minaglia, A., and Gramaccioli, C.M. (2001) Characterization of gadolinite-group minerals using crystallographic data only: the case of hingganite-(Y) from Cuasso al Monte, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist, 39(4), 1105-1114; Guastoni, A., Pezzotta, F., and Demartin F., (2004) Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 28, 4 (4-2004), 194-202; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., and Guastoni, A. (1999) Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Demartin F., 2004. Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 194-202. ; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: De Michele V. (1974) : Guida Mineralogica d'Italia. Vol.1, pagg.100-104, Ist. Geogr. De Agostini Novara Ed.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Vignola, P., Hatert, F., Medenbach, O., Bersani, D., Diella, V., Gentile, P., Risplendente, A. (2012): Chukhrovite-(Ca), Ca4.5Al2(SO4)F13·12H2O, a new mineral species from the Val Cavallizza Pb-Zn-(Ag) mine, Cuasso al Monte, Varese province, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 1069-1076.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Herderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)F
Description: Demartin et al or Pezzotta determined to be Nd-rich gadolinite-(Y), or hingganite-(Y). Material was also labeled minasgeraisite-(Y)
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.;Demartin, F., Minaglia, A., & Gramaccioli, C. M. (2001). Characterization of gadolinite-group minerals using crystallographic data only: the case of hingganite-(Y) from Cuasso al Monte, Italy. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(4), 1105-1114.
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(◻,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Demartin, Francesco, Alessandro Minaglia, and Carlo Maria Gramaccioli (2001) Characterization of gadolinite-group minerals using crystallographic data only: the case of hingganite-(Y) from Cuasso al Monte, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist: 39(4): 1105-1114; Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Demartin F., 2004. Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 194-202. ; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Hollandite ?
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Demartin F., 2004. Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 194-202.
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Grill, E., Fagnani, G. (1943): Itinerari mineralogici. Comune di Cuasso al Monte. Natura, 34, 2, 63-69; Boscardin, M., De Michele, V., Scaini, G. (1970): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Natura, 61,1, 5-120; (as a monograph) 1972, Ed. Museo Civ. St. Nat. e Soc. It. Sci. Nat., Milano, 124 pp.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Pezzotta F., Diella V., Guastoni A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, southern Alps, Italy. Am. Mineral., 84, 782-789.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Vignola, P., Hatert, F., Medenbach, O., Bersani, D., Diella, V., Gentile, P., Risplendente, A. (2012): Chukhrovite-(Ca), Ca4.5Al2(SO4)F13·12H2O, a new mineral species from the Val Cavallizza Pb-Zn-(Ag) mine, Cuasso al Monte, Varese province, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 1069-1076.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work. ; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Macaulayite
Formula: (Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2
Description: Found as brown microcrystals with rombohedral habit on chlorite and orthoclase.
Reference: Vignola, P., Rizzi, A. (2018) Macaulayite della cava Laghetto, cuasso al Monte (Varese): secondo ritrovamento al mondo. Micro, 16, 2-2018, 106-108.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Gemano Fretti photo
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: No reference listed
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Guastoni, A., Pezzotta, F., Vignola, P., & Gentile, P. (2008). Zeunerite e altre novità mineralogiche a Cuasso al Monte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2008, 174-177.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Biffi P., Sbacchi M., Sinelli E., 2004. Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 232-239; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Guastoni, A., Ambrosio, F., Nestola, (2020): Duftite e Mottramite di Ex-Cava Puricelli, Cuasso al Monte (VA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 44, 1 (2-2020), 34-36.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Opal var. Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Fabio Brignoli collection
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Collection & Photo Matteo Chinellato (Photo ID: 340682); Grill, E., Fagnani, G. (1943): Itinerari mineralogici. Comune di Cuasso al Monte. Natura, 34, 2, 63-69; Boscardin, M., De Michele, V., Scaini, G. (1970): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Natura, 61,1, 5-120; (as a monograph) 1972, Ed. Museo Civ. St. Nat. e Soc. It. Sci. Nat., Milano, 124 pp.
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Guastoni, A., Pezzotta, F., Demartin, F. (2004): Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2004, 194-202
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Gentile P. (1985): Farmacosiderite di Cuasso al Monte (VA). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 9, 4 (4-1985), 150; Biffi P., Sbacchi M., Sinelli E., (2004): Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4 (4-2004), 232-239. ; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789. Vignola, P., Rotiroti, N., Vanini, F. (2019): Betrandite e fenacite di Cuasso al Monte (Varese) - Breve nota. Micro, 17, 156-157.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Biffi P., Sbacchi M., Sinelli E. (2004) Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 232-239.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Demartin F., 2004. Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 194-202.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Quartz var. Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Grill, E., Fagnani, G. (1943): Itinerari mineralogici. Comune di Cuasso al Monte. Natura, 34, 2, 63-69; Boscardin, M., De Michele, V., Scaini, G. (1970): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Natura, 61,1, 5-120; (as a monograph) 1972, Ed. Museo Civ. St. Nat. e Soc. It. Sci. Nat., Milano, 124 pp.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Vignola, P., Gentile, P., Risplendente, A. (2018): Sulla tormalina del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). MICRO 16 (1), 44-49.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Demartin F., 2004. Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 194-202.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Siderophyllite
Formula: KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pezzotta F., Diella V., Guastoni A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, southern Alps, Italy. Am. Mineral., 84, 782-789.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Graeser, S., Oberholzer, W., Stalder, H.A., Schenker, F. (1979): Mineralienfunde aus der Schweiz IV. Schweizer Strahler, 5, 141-154 (in German + French).
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: -- Vignola, P., Guastoni, A., Pezzotta, F. (2001): Spessartina nelle cavità miarolitiche del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2001, 103.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Demartin F., 2004. Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 194-202.
Symplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Biffi P., Sbacchi M., Sinelli E., 2004. Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 232-239
'Synchysite'
Reference: Turconi B. (1985): Monazite di Cuasso al Monte (VA). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 8, 4 (4-1985), 149.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Collection of Barry Murphy, Micromount specimen catalogue number 00876
'Synchysite Group'
Reference: Fabio Brignoli collection 2010
Synchysite-(Y)
Formula: CaY(CO3)2F
Thortveitite
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Reference: Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Demartin F., 2004. Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 194-202. ; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Fabio Brignoli collection 2010; Grill, E., Fagnani, G. (1943): Itinerari mineralogici. Comune di Cuasso al Monte. Natura, 34, 2, 63-69; Boscardin, M., De Michele, V., Scaini, G. (1970): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Natura, 61,1, 5-120; (as a monograph) 1972, Ed. Museo Civ. St. Nat. e Soc. It. Sci. Nat., Milano, 124 pp.
'Wad'
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Biffi P., Sbacchi M., Sinelli E., 2004. Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 232-239
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Zeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Guastoni, A., Pezzotta, F., Vignola, P., & Gentile, P. (2008). Zeunerite e altre novità mineralogiche a Cuasso al Monte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2008, 174-177.
'Zinnwaldite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Boscardin M., De Michele V. and Scaini G. (1972): Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 1972, pagg. 124.; Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789; Capitani, G., Mugnaioli, E., and Gentile, P. (2018) Submicrometer yttrian zircon coating and arborescent aeschynite microcrystals on truncated bipyramidal anatase: An electron microscopy study of miarolitic cavities in the Cuasso al Monte granophyre (Varese, Italy). American Mineralogist, 103, 3, 480-488.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Chukhrovite-(Ca) (TL)3.CG.3.CG.Ca4.5Al2(SO4)F13 · 12H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Aeschynite Group'4.DL.05AD2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce) ?4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite ?4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var. Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)5.BD.20cCaY(CO3)2F
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite ?7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Agardite-(Ce)8.DL.15CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Agardite-(Nd)8.DL.15NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Agardite-(Y)8.DL.15YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Arseniosiderite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Bariopharmacosiderite8.DK.10Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Bayldonite ?8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Herderite ?8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)F
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Parasymplesite8.CE.40Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Symplesite8.CE.45Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Zeunerite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(Y)9.BG.05b{CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Bazzite9.CJ.05Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celsian9.FA.30Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Fluor-schorl9.CK.Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Foitite9.CK.05(◻,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hingganite-(Y)9.AJ.20(Y,REE,Ca)2(◻,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Kainosite-(Y)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Macaulayite9.EC.65(Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Siderophyllite9.EC.20KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Thortveitite9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Agardite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Gadolinite Subgroup'-A3+2MBe2+2Si4+2O8ψ2
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mica Group'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Synchysite'-
'Synchysite Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce) ?4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Hollandite ?7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)16a.1.3.2CaY(CO3)2F
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite ?30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Zeunerite40.2a.14.1Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Parasymplesite40.3.6.6Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Symplesite40.3.8.1Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Bayldonite ?41.5.14.1PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Herderite ?41.5.4.1CaBe(PO4)F
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Agardite-(Y)42.5.1.2YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Bariopharmacosiderite42.8.1a.3Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hingganite-(Y)54.2.1a.3(Y,REE,Ca)2(◻,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Thortveitite55.2.1a.4Sc2Si2O7
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(Y)58.2.1a.3{CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
Kainosite-(Y)60.2.1.1Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Bazzite61.1.1.2Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Foitite61.3.1.1(◻,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Macaulayite71.2.5.1(Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Siderophyllite71.2.2b.5KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Celsian76.1.1.4Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Aeschynite Group'-AD2O6
'Agardite'-
Agardite-(Ce)-CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Agardite-(Nd)-NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Albite
var. Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Chukhrovite-(Ca) (TL)-Ca4.5Al2(SO4)F13 · 12H2O
Fluor-schorl-Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
'Gadolinite Subgroup'-A3+2MBe2+2Si4+2O8ψ2
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mica Group'-
Opal
var. Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var. Amethyst
-SiO2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Synchysite'-
'Synchysite Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Chukhrovite-(Ca)Ca4.5Al2(SO4)F13 · 12H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Allanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
H Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(◻,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H Agardite-(Y)YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
H SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Agardite-(Nd)NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H Macaulayite(Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2
H Foitite(◻,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
H Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
BeBeryllium
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Be Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(◻,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Be BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Gadolinite SubgroupA23+MBe22+Si24+O8ψ2
Be HerderiteCaBe(PO4)F
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Foitite(◻,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
B Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
CCarbon
C Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
OOxygen
O Chukhrovite-(Ca)Ca4.5Al2(SO4)F13 · 12H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Allanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(◻,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O AnataseTiO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O CupriteCu2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O Agardite-(Y)YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
O SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Quartz var. AmethystSiO2
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Agardite-(Nd)NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O Macaulayite(Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2
O Foitite(◻,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
O Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
O Gadolinite SubgroupA23+MBe22+Si24+O8ψ2
O Aeschynite GroupAD2O6
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O HerderiteCaBe(PO4)F
FFluorine
F Chukhrovite-(Ca)Ca4.5Al2(SO4)F13 · 12H2O
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
F Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
F HerderiteCaBe(PO4)F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Na Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
AlAluminium
Al Chukhrovite-(Ca)Ca4.5Al2(SO4)F13 · 12H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Allanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al Macaulayite(Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2
Al Foitite(◻,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Al Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Allanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(◻,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Quartz var. AmethystSiO2
Si CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si Macaulayite(Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2
Si Foitite(◻,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Si Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Si Gadolinite SubgroupA23+MBe22+Si24+O8ψ2
PPhosphorus
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P HerderiteCaBe(PO4)F
SSulfur
S Chukhrovite-(Ca)Ca4.5Al2(SO4)F13 · 12H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S BaryteBaSO4
S CovelliteCuS
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
K CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Chukhrovite-(Ca)Ca4.5Al2(SO4)F13 · 12H2O
Ca Allanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Ca Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(◻,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ca Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca HerderiteCaBe(PO4)F
ScScandium
Sc BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Sc ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
FeIron
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Allanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Fe Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(◻,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Fe SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Fe CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Macaulayite(Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2
Fe Foitite(◻,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Fe Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Agardite-(Y)YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu Agardite-(Nd)NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
As Agardite-(Y)YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
As SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As Agardite-(Nd)NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
YYttrium
Y Allanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Y Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Y Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(◻,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Agardite-(Y)YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Y Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
BaBarium
Ba CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ba BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
NdNeodymium
Nd Agardite-(Nd)NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
ThThorium
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O

Fossils

There are 1 fossil localities from the PaleoBioDB database within this region.

BETA TEST - These data are provided on an experimental basis and are taken from external databases. Mindat.org has no control currently over the accuracy of these data.

Occurrences11
Youngest Fossil Listed235 Ma (Late Triassic)
Oldest Fossil Listed242 Ma (Middle Triassic)
Stratigraphic Units
UnitNo. OccurrencesAge
Meride - Kalkschiefer11242 - 235 Ma (Triassic)
Fossils from RegionClick here to show the list.
Accepted NameHierarchy Age
Notocupes
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Coleoptera : Cupedidae : Notocupes242 - 235 Ma
Triassic
Sangiorgioichthys aldae
species
Animalia : Chordata : Actinopteri : Sangiorgioichthys : Sangiorgioichthys aldae242 - 235 Ma
Triassic
Allolepidotus bellottii
species
Animalia : Chordata : Actinopteri : Panxianichthyiformes : Panxianichthyidae : Allolepidotus : Allolepidotus bellottii242 - 235 Ma
Triassic
Felberia excelsa
species
Animalia : Chordata : Actinopteri : Perleidiformes : Polzbergiidae : Felberia : Felberia excelsa242 - 235 Ma
Triassic
Caelatichthys meridensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Actinopteri : Palaeonisciformes : Caelatichthys : Caelatichthys meridensis242 - 235 Ma
Triassic
Tintorina meridensis
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Ephemeroptera : Tintorinidae : Tintorina : Tintorina meridensis242 - 235 Ma
Triassic
Sangiorgioichthys valmarensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Actinopteri : Sangiorgioichthys : Sangiorgioichthys valmarensis242 - 235 Ma
Triassic
Pacorichthys sangiorgii
species
Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Pacorichthys : Pacorichthys sangiorgii242 - 235 Ma
Triassic
Praedodromeus sangiorgiensis
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Coleoptera : Trachypachidae : Praedodromeus : Praedodromeus sangiorgiensis242 - 235 Ma
Triassic
Gigamachilis triassicus
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Archaeognatha : Machilidae : Gigamachilis : Gigamachilis triassicus242 - 235 Ma
Triassic
Archetingis ladinica
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Hemiptera : Tingidae : Archetingis : Archetingis ladinica242 - 235 Ma
Triassic
Fossil LocalitiesClick to show 1 fossil locality

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bozzoli, R. (1905) Relazione sulla miniera di galena argentifera di Cavagnano (Cuasso al Monte). Tip. Cronaca Prealpina, Varese.
De Michele, V., Fagnani, G. (1970) Comune di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Cave di porfido quarzifero. In: Boscardin, M., De Michele, V., Scaini, G. (1970) Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Edizioni Museo Civico di Storia Naturale e Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali, Milano: 96-101.
De Michele, V. (1974) Guida Mineralogica d'Italia. Volume 1: 100-104. Ist. Geogr. De Agostini Novara Ed.
Ravagnani, D. (1974) I giacimenti uraniferi italiani. Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 188 pages.
Kipfer, A. (1983) Die Mineralparagenesen der Granophyre von Carona (TI, CH) und Cuasso al Monte (I). Schweizer Strahler: 6 (XVII)(5): 177-228 (in German + French).
Gentile, P. (1985) Farmacosiderite di Cuasso al Monte (VA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana: 9(4) (4-1985): 150.
Biffi P., Gentile P., Vanini F. (1987) Novità mineralogiche a Cuasso al Monte (VA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana: 10(1) (1-1987): 13.
Bakos, F., Del Moro, A., Visonà, D. (1990) The Hercynian volcano-plutonic association of Ganna (Lake Lugano, Central Southern Alps, Italy). European Journal of Mineralogy: 2: 373–383.
Ottenziali, L., Fossati, D., Padovan, D., Presbitero, M., Mannucci, G., Gramaccioli, C.M., Gentile, P., Scaini, G., De Michele, V. (1992) Natura in Lombardia. I minerali. Regione Lombardia, Giunta Regionale - Ecologia, Milano, 223 pages.
Aurisicchio, C., De Vito, C., Ferrini, V., Guastoni, A., Pezzotta, F. (1999) T-Nb-Y-REE oxides in the NYF pegmatites of Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, southern Alps, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 809-810 (abstract).
Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (1999) Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, Southern Alps: mineralogy and inferences. American Mineralogist: 84(5-6): 782-789.
Gramaccioli, C.M., Diella, V., Demartin, F., Orlandi, P., Campostrini, I. (2000): Cesian bazzite and thortveitite from Cuasso al Monte, Varese, Italy: A comparison with the material from Baveno, and inferred origin. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 1409-1418.
Demartin, F., Minaglia, A., Gramaccioli, C.M. (2001) Characterization of gadolinite-group minerals using crystallographic data only: the case of hingganite-(Y) from Cuasso al Monte, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist: 39(4): 1105-1114.
Vignola, P., Guastoni, A., Pezzotta, F. (2001) Spessartina nelle cavità miarolitiche del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana: 2/2001: 103.
Biffi P., Sbacchi M., Sinelli E. (2004) Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana: 28(4): 232-239.
Guastoni, A., Pezzotta, F., Demartin, F. (2004) Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana: 28(4): 194-202.
Pezzotta, F., Diella, V., Guastoni, A. (2005) Scandium silicates from the Baveno and Cuasso al Monte NYF-granites, Southern Alps (Italy): mineralogy and genetic inferences. American Mineralogist: 90: 1442-1452.
Guastoni, A., Pezzotta, F., Vignola, P., Gentile, P. (2008) Zeunerite e altre novità mineralogiche a Cuasso al Monte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana: 32(3) (3-2008): 174-177.
Mercadante, S. (2011) I Minerali di cava Bonomi. Editore ilmiolibro.it - Gruppo Editoriale L'Espresso SpA, 136 pages.
Guastoni, A., Gentile, P. (2016) Quarzo ametista dei graniti di Cuasso al Monte e Brandberg: un confronto. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana: 40(3) (3-2016): 168-179.
Guastoni, A., Gentile, P., Nestola, F., Zorzi, F. (2017) Agardite-(Y), agardite-(Ce) e agardite-(Nd) di Cuasso al Monte, Varese. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana: 41(4) (4-2017): 228-232.
Capitani, G., Mugnaioli, E., Gentile, P. (2018) Submicrometer yttrian zircon coating and arborescent aeschynite microcrystals on truncated bipyramidal anatase: An electron microscopy study of miarolitic cavities in the Cuasso al Monte granophyre (Varese, Italy). American Mineralogist: 103(3): 480-488.
Vignola, P., Rotiroti, N., Vanini, F. (2019) Betrandite e fenacite di Cuasso al Monte (Varese) - Breve nota. Micro: 17: 156-157.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuasso_al_Monte
Wikidata ID:Q40808
GeoNames ID:6542903

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Europe
Italy

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