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Tongling, Anhui, Chinai
Regional Level Types
TonglingPrefecture-level City
AnhuiProvince
ChinaCountry

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Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Wusong312,588 (2012)
Other Languages:
French:
Tongling, Anhui, Chine
German:
Tongling, Anhui, China
Italian:
Tongling, Anhui, Cina
Russian:
Тунлин, Аньхой, Китай
Simplified Chinese:
铜陵市, 安徽省, 中国
Spanish:
Tongling, Anhui, China
Arabic:
تونغلينغ, آنهوي, الصين
Armenian:
Տունլին, Անհոյ, Չինաստան
Basque:
Tongling, Anhui, Txina
Bengali:
তংলিন, আনহুই, গণচীন
Bulgarian:
Тонлин, Анхуей, Китайска народна република
Czech:
Tchung-ling, An-chuej, Čína
Danish:
Tongling, Anhui, Kina
Dutch:
Tongling, Anhui, China
Esperanto:
Tonglingo, Anhujo, Ĉinujo
Farsi/Persian:
تانگلینگ, آن‌هوئی, جمهوری خلق چین
Finnish:
Tongling, Anhui, Kiina
Greek:
Τόνγκλινγκ, Ανχουέι, Κίνα
Gujarati:
ટોંગલિંગ, ચીન
Hindi:
टोन्गलिंग, अनहुइ, चीन
Hungarian:
Tungling, Anhuj, Kína
Indonesian:
Tongling, Anhui, Cina
Japanese:
銅陵市, 安徽省, 中国
Kannada:
ಟಾಂಗ್ಲಿಂಗ್, ಚೀನಿ
Kapampangan:
Tongling, Anhui, Tsina
Kikuyu:
Tongling, China
Korean:
퉁링시, 안후이성, 중국
Latvian:
Tonglinga, Aņhui, Ķīna
Lithuanian:
Tonglingas, Anhujus, Kinija
Malagasy:
Tongling, Anhui, Sina
Malay:
Tongling, Anhui, China
Marathi:
टंगलिंग, आंह्वी, चीन
Min Dong Chinese:
Dè̤ng-lìng, Ăng-hŭi, Dṳ̆ng-huà Ìng-mìng Gê̤ṳng-huò-guók
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Tâng-lêng-chhī, Tiong-hôa
Norwegian:
Tongling, Anhui, Kina
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Tongling, Anhui, Kina
Polish:
Tongling, Anhui, Chiny
Portuguese:
Tongling, Anhui, China
Scots:
Tongling, Anhui, Cheenae
Serbian:
Тунглинг, Анхуеј, Кина
Sinhalese:
ටොන්ග්ලින්ග්, චීනය
Swedish:
Tongling, Anhui, Kina
Tagalog:
Tongling, Anhui, Tsina
Tamil:
டாங்லிங்க், அன்ஹுயி மாகாணம், சீனா
Telugu:
టోంగ్లింగ్, చైనా
Thai:
ถงหลิง, มณฑลอานฮุย, ประเทศจีน
Traditional Chinese:
銅陵, 安徽, 中國
Turkish:
Tongling, Anhui, Çin
Ukrainian:
Тунлін, Аньхой, Китай
Urdu:
تونگلنگ, انہوئی, چین
Vietnamese:
Đồng Lăng, An Huy, Trung Quốc
Waray:
Tongling, Anhui, Tsina
Welsh:
Tongling, Anhui, Tsieina
Western Punjabi:
تونگ لینگ, انہوئی, چین
Wu Chinese:
铜陵市, 安徽省, 中国


The Tongling Mining District is characterized by skarn and stratabound mineralizations. Porphyry-style ore bodies occur only in the deeper parts of a few deposits. Yanshanian magmatism is extensive and includes 76 intrusions in the EW-trending Tongling-Daijiahui magmatic belt. They are composed of pyroxene diorite, diorite, quartz diorite, granodiorite or granite porphyry and mainly form small stocks and dykes. There are two distinct types of skarns in this area: one type occurs within the contact zones between intrusions and carbonate country rocks, the other type is replacing carbonate layers in Carboniferous-Triassic sedimentary strata. In some deposits, banded skarn ore bodies consisting of alternating hornfels and skarn-sulphide layers, representing interlayered mudstone and carbonate protoliths, are also present. In addition, stratabound massive sulphide ore bodies are present in almost all deposits.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

107 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

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Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Huan Hu, Ru-Cheng Wang, Jian-Jun Lu, and Guang-Hua Liu (2001): Mineral Deposits [Kuangchuang Dizhi] 20(1), 86-98.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Jurui He, Zhongyou Yao, Ying Li, Nangui Sun, and Aihua Dai (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(9), 27-32
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Huan Hu, Rucheng Wang, Jianjun Lu, and Guanghua Liu (2001): Mineral Deposits 20(1), 86-98
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Huan Hu, Rucheng Wang, Jianjun Lu, and Guanghua Liu (2001): Mineral Deposits 20(1), 86-98
'Bitumen'
Reference: Yang Gang, Chen Jiangfeng, Du Andao, Qu Wenjun, and Yu Gang (2004): Chinese Schience Bulletin 49(13), 1396-1400.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: - Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: Yi Li and Youbin Liang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(11), 29-33
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Yang Gang, Chen Jiangfeng, Du Andao, Qu Wenjun, and Yu Gang (2004): Chinese Schience Bulletin 49(13), 1396-1400.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Farringtonite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2
Reference: Cen Kuang and Yu Chongwen (2001): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 44(4), 289-297.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
'Feldspar Group'
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Reference: Huan Hu, Rucheng Wang, Jianjun Lu, and Guanghua Liu (2001): Mineral Deposits 20(1), 86-98
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Jianping Zhou, Wu Chen, Yuanbai Wei, and Wansheng Xiao (1996): Geology and Prospecting 32(5), 27-32
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Bin Cui (1987): Mineral Deposits 6(1), 35-44; Khin Zaw, Peters, S.G., Cromie, P., Burrett, C., and Zengqian Hou (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 3-47
Gustavite
Formula: AgPbBi3S6
Reference: Yunsheng Ren, Liandeng Liu, Jiwu Zhang, and Guohua Chen (2005): Gold 26(5), 9-12
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Bin Cui (1987): Mineral Deposits 6(1), 35-44; Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Xuxin Zhou (2002): Geology and Prospecting 38(1), 31-34
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Zhongfa Liu, Yongjun Shao, Xin Zhou, Yu Zhang, and Guibin Zhou (2014): Acta Petrologica Sinica 30(1), 199-208
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Heyrovskýite
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Reference: Huan Hu, Rucheng Wang, Jianjun Lu, and Guanghua Liu (2001): Mineral Deposits 20(1), 86-98
'Hornblende'
Reference: Yi Li and Youbin Liang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(11), 29-33
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3·4H2O
Hydroxylellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Description: Reported from an undisclosed skarnized marble in the contact zone between limestone and diorite in the Tongling area.
Reference: Shengxiu Hou, Zhaolian Liu, and Huande Hu (1985): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5(4), 327-330
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Qin Xinlong, Du Yangsong, Lee, H.K., Yin Jingwu, and Guo Xifeng (2003): Chinese Science Bulletin 48(23), 2626-2634.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Description: Selenian.
Reference: Xiangping Gu, Watanabe, M., Hoshino, K., and Shibata, Y. (2001): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 289–309; Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., and Roberts, A.C. (2002): American Mineralogist 87, 181-184
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Klaprothite (of Petersen)'
Reference: Yi Li and Youbin Liang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(11), 29-33
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14; Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Reference: Yunsheng Ren, Liandeng Liu, Jiwu Zhang, and Guohua Chen (2005): Gold 26(5), 9-12; Yunsheng Ren, Liandeng Liu, Guohua Chen, and Lianggen Liu (2007): Geology and Prospecting 43(3), 60-64
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Xu, X. C., Zhang, Z. Z., Liu, Q. N., Lou, J. W., Xie, Q. Q., Chu, P. L., & Frost, R. L. (2011). Thermodynamic study of the association and separation of copper and gold in the Shizishan ore field, Tongling, Anhui Province, China. Ore Geology Reviews, 43(1), 347-358.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Huasheng Huang, Qizheng Shi, Bin Cui, and Chunqi Wen (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 13-22; Bin Cui (1987): Mineral Deposits 6(1), 35-44
Magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Qin Xinlong, Du Yangsong, Lee, H.K., Yin Jingwu, and Guo Xifeng (2003): Chinese Science Bulletin 48(23), 2626-2634.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
'Melnikovite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: Yi Li and Youbin Liang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(11), 29-33
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pavonite
Formula: AgBi3S5
Reference: Huan Hu, Rucheng Wang, Jianjun Lu, and Guanghua Liu (2001): Mineral Deposits 20(1), 86-98; Yunsheng Ren, Liandeng Liu, Jiwu Zhang, and Guohua Chen (2005): Gold 26(5), 9-12
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pilsenite
Formula: Bi4Te3
Reference: Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
'Psilomelane'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Bin Cui (1987): Mineral Deposits 6(1), 35-44
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
'Scapolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Jurui He, Zhongyou Yao, Ying Li, Nangui Sun, and Aihua Dai (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(9), 27-32
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Jianping Zhou, Wu Chen, Yuanbai Wei, and Wansheng Xiao (1996): Geology and Prospecting 32(5), 27-32
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Silver var: Küstelite
Formula: Ag
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Xueming Yang, Xiaoyong Yang, Kuiren Wang, Liguang Sun, Binzhong Gu, and Wentong Lin (1997): Geotectonica et Metallogenia 21(4), 347-361
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Taihe Zhou, Goldfarb, R.J., and Phillips, G.N. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 249-282.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Guifang Zhao, Yufu Sun, and Demin Yang (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(4), 43-45
Tennantite var: Zincian Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Guifang Zhao, Yufu Sun, and Demin Yang (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(4), 43-45
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Tetrahedrite var: Zincian Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
Reference: Guifang Zhao, Yufu Sun, and Demin Yang (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(4), 43-45
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Turgite'
'UM2001-24-Te:BiSe'
Formula: Bi4Te2Se
Reference: Xiangping Gu, Watanabe, M., Hoshino, K., and Shibata, Y. (2001): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 289–309; Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., and Roberts, A.C. (2002): American Mineralogist 87, 181-184
'Unnamed (Bi Telluride Selenide)'
Formula: Bi6(Te,Se)3
Reference: Xiangping Gu, Watanabe, M., Hoshino, K., and Shibata, Y. (2001): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 289–309; Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., and Roberts, A.C. (2002): American Mineralogist 87, 181-184
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Wollastonite-2M'
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Zongxun Chen (1986): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 5(2), 168-170
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Ya-Er Lou, and Yang-Song Du (2006): Geochimica [Diqiu Huaxue] 35(4), 359-366.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Küstelite1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Galenobismutite2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Gustavite2.JB.40aAgPbBi3S6
Hedleyite2.DC.05Bi7Te3
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Heyrovskýite2.JB.40bPb6Bi2S9
Joséite-B2.DC.05Bi4Te2S
Lillianite2.JB.40aPb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Pavonite2.JA.05aAgBi3S5
Pilsenite2.DC.05Bi4Te3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
var: Zincian Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Zincian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Farringtonite8.AB.05Mg3(PO4)2
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Hydroxylellestadite9.AH.25Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnesio-hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Bitumen'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3·4H2O
'Joséite'-Bi4TeS2
'K Feldspar'-
'Klaprothite (of Petersen)'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Turgite'-
'UM2001-24-Te:BiSe'-Bi4Te2Se
'Unnamed (Bi Telluride Selenide)'-Bi6(Te,Se)3
'Wollastonite-2M'-CaSiO3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Naumannite2.4.1.2Ag2Se
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Hedleyite2.6.3.3Bi7Te3
'Joséite'2.6.2.1Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B2.6.2.2Bi4Te2S
Pilsenite2.6.2.5Bi4Te3
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Heyrovskýite3.3.3.1Pb6Bi2S9
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Gustavite3.4.15.3AgPbBi3S6
Lillianite3.4.15.1Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
ø = 2
Emplectite3.7.5.2CuBiS2
Galenobismutite3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
1 < ø < 2
Pavonite3.8.10.1AgBi3S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Farringtonite38.3.1.2Mg3(PO4)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Hydroxylellestadite52.4.9.4Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
'Wollastonite-2M'65.2.1.1bCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Bitumen'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
var: Specularite-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3·4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Klaprothite (of Petersen)'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Melnikovite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Silver
var: Küstelite
-Ag
Sphalerite
var: Marmatite
-(Zn,Fe)S
Tennantite
var: Zincian Tennantite
-Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
-(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Zincian Tetrahedrite-Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
'Turgite'-
'UM2001-24-Te:BiSe'-Bi4Te2Se
'Unnamed (Bi Telluride Selenide)'-Bi6(Te,Se)3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
H Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
OOxygen
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O QuartzSiO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O FarringtoniteMg3(PO4)2
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O TenoriteCuO
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O BismiteBi2O3
O Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O CupriteCu2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O Wollastonite-2MCaSiO3
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
FFluorine
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F FluoriteCaF2
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
NaSodium
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg FarringtoniteMg3(PO4)2
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Wollastonite-2MCaSiO3
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
PPhosphorus
P FarringtoniteMg3(PO4)2
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S JoséiteBi4TeS2
S Joséite-BBi4Te2S
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S GalenaPbS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S StibniteSb2S3
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S CovelliteCuS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
S HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
S GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
S PavoniteAgBi3S5
S AcanthiteAg2S
S FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
S Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S HeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S EmplectiteCuBiS2
S GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
S GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
S LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S MatilditeAgBiS2
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S Tetrahedrite (var: Zincian Tetrahedrite)Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
S Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Wollastonite-2MCaSiO3
TiTitanium
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Fe Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
Fe GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
Fe Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
Co CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Co LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CopperCu
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Cu Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu EmplectiteCuBiS2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Cu CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cu Tetrahedrite (var: Zincian Tetrahedrite)Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
Cu Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Tetrahedrite (var: Zincian Tetrahedrite)Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
Zn Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
SeSelenium
Se Unnamed (Bi Telluride Selenide)Bi6(Te,Se)3
Se UM2001-24-Te:BiSeBi4Te2Se
Se NaumanniteAg2Se
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag Silver (var: Küstelite)Ag
Ag SilverAg
Ag PavoniteAgBi3S5
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Ag Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Ag GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
Ag LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag MatilditeAgBiS2
Ag NaumanniteAg2Se
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Sb Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb Tetrahedrite (var: Zincian Tetrahedrite)Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te HedleyiteBi7Te3
Te JoséiteBi4TeS2
Te Joséite-BBi4Te2S
Te TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Te Unnamed (Bi Telluride Selenide)Bi6(Te,Se)3
Te UM2001-24-Te:BiSeBi4Te2Se
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te AltaitePbTe
Te PilseniteBi4Te3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au MaldoniteAu2Bi
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Pb HeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
Pb LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
BiBismuth
Bi HedleyiteBi7Te3
Bi JoséiteBi4TeS2
Bi Joséite-BBi4Te2S
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Bi MaldoniteAu2Bi
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Bi Unnamed (Bi Telluride Selenide)Bi6(Te,Se)3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi BismiteBi2O3
Bi GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Bi PavoniteAgBi3S5
Bi HeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9
Bi UM2001-24-Te:BiSeBi4Te2Se
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi EmplectiteCuBiS2
Bi GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
Bi LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Bi MatilditeAgBiS2
Bi PilseniteBi4Te3

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Early Cretaceous : 142.8 Ma to 134.8 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Mesozoic
  Cretaceous
   Early Cretaceous
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)134.8 MaDatuanshan Cu deposit, Shizishan ore field, Tongling, Anhui, China
ⓘ Pyrrhotite141 ± 9.9 MaChaoshan Au deposit, Shizishan ore field, Tongling, Anhui, China
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)142.8 MaDatuanshan Cu deposit, Shizishan ore field, Tongling, Anhui, China

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Shengxiu Hou, Zhaolian Liu, and Huande Hu (1985): Discovery of hydroxylellestadite in China and its mineralogy. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5(4), 327-330.
Chaoyi Wang (1988): On the formation conditions of gold in gossans in the Tongling Mining District, Anhui Province. Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21.
Bailin Chen (1989): Gold deposits of the gossan type, Tongling Prefecture, Anhui. Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22.
Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): The Lower Changjiang (Yangzi/Yangtze) River metallogenic belt, east central China: intrusion- and wall rock-hosted Cu-Fe-Au, Mo, Zn, Pb, Ag deposits. Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Du, Y., Qin, X., Zhou, W., and Zhang, H. (2002): The Mesozoic mantle-derived magma underplating and magmatic processes in the Tongling area, Anhui Province. Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2002, A197.
Wu Ganguo, Zhang Da, and Zang Wenshuan (2003): Study of tectonic layering motion and layering mineralization in the Tongling metallogenic cluster. Science in China Series D 46(8), 852-863.
Pu-Sheng Zeng, Zhu-Sen Yang, Yi-Feng Meng, Rong-Fu Pei, Yan-Bin Wang, Xun-Cheng Wang, Wen-Yi Xu, Shi-Hong Tian, and Xiao-De Yao (2004): Temporal-spatial Configuration and Mineralization of Yanshanian Magmatic Fluid Systems in Tongling Ore Concentration Area, Anhui Province. Mineral Deposits [Kuangchuang Dizhi] 23(3), 298-309.
Pu-Sheng Zeng, Rong-Fu Pei, Yi-Feng Meng, Zeng-Qian Hou, Zhu-Sen Yang, Wen-Yi Xu, Yu-Ling Xie, Jiu-Hua Xu, and Yan-Xiong Mei (2004): Gold-Repelling Effect in Copper-Gold Deposits of Tongling Mineralization Cluster Area (MCA) in Process of Superimposition-Reformation. Mineral Deposits [Kuangchuang Dizhi] 23(2), 216-224.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tongling
Wikidata ID:Q360326
GeoNames ID:1792621

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