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Kiirunavaara Mine, Kiruna town, Kiruna, Norrbotten, Swedeni
Regional Level Types
Kiirunavaara MineMine
Kiruna town- not defined -
KirunaMunicipality
NorrbottenCounty
SwedenCountry
Kiirunavaara Mine, Kiruna town, Lappland Province, Sweden

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Key
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Name(s) in local language(s):Kirunagruvan
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 67° 50' 15'' North , 20° 11' 9'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 67.83743,20.18597
GeoHash:G#: ukn3gm6vx
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kiruna17,037 (2017)2.6km
Tuolluvaara979 (2017)6.3km
Jukkasjärvi607 (2017)18.1km


One of the largest underground mines in the world. The orebody is a slice of (apatite-bearing) magnetite 4 km long, 80 m wide stretching to an estimated depth of 2 km at an inclination of 60 degrees. Present main level is at a depth of 1045 meters.

The new main level at 1365 m is planned to open in 2012.

Regions containing this locality

Lappland Province, SwedenProvince (Historical)
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
ScandinaviaRegion

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


30 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
'Biotite'
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
'Hornblende'
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
'Stilbite subgroup'
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beraunite8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
OOxygen
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
PPhosphorus
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
MnManganese
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
FeIron
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CuCopper
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 640631
Igneous: extrusive; Extrusive: intermediate

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Northern Europe, Svecofennian and Lapland-Kola orogens

Comments: Orogen, fold-thrust belt, folded region; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Felsic and intermediate volcanic rocks

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3148596
Proterozoic I undifferentiated

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185099
Paleoproterozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Orosirian
1800 - 2050 Ma



ID: 2638901

Age: Orosirian (1800 - 2050 Ma)

Description: Svecokarelian orogen; Norrbotten lithotectonic unit

Lithology: Rhyolite, dacite and metamorphic equivalents

Reference: Bergman, S., M.B. Sephens, J. Andersson, B. Kathol, T. Bergman. Sveriges berggrund, skala 1:1 miljon. Sveriges geologiska undersökning K 423. [95]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 960, 998.
Flink, G. (1924): Bidrag till Malmbergsgruvornas och Kiirunavaaras mineralogi.

External Links



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